Unfortunately, diabetes has now become an endemic, with 64 million people aged from the age of 18 and over, living in the European Region, according to the WHO. This metabolic disease often affects the entire body, so it also affects the oral cavity.
Gingivitis and periodontal inflammation, various oral mucosal lesions, or dry mouth are much more common in patients with diabetes.
Patients with diabetes are three times more likely to go under these conditions. These diseases can occur up to two – three times more often in diabetic patients, which is also dangerous because it can eventually lead to tooth loss. These diseases can be traced back to decreasing saliva production. As a result, the self-cleaning of the mouth is weakening, the plaque sticks to the teeth faster, which leads to tooth decay and then gingivitis.
As a result of high blood sugar level and regular use of antibiotics, fungi that cause oral infections which are able to grow faster in the mouth. These can cause – in the worst case – painful mouth mold.
A common side effect of diabetes is a decrease in saliva production, which causes dry mouth. Often this comes with a burning feeling, pain, ulcers and various infections. It is also worth addressing this problem as burning feeling, pain, ulcers and various infections can also result by dry mouth.
People with diabetes are required to have the right thorough dental and oral care habits and to attend in dental consultations regularly. Quitting smoking is highly recommended as the combination of diabetes and smoking multiplies the chances of oral cancer.
Prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis: Brush your teeth for half an hour after each meal to ensure that the plaque is removed properly. Also pay attention to thorough profound cleaning of the areas between the teeth, this can be helped by the regular use of dental floss.
Against dry mouth: The use of a mouth moisturizing gel or fluoride mouthwash is recommended. Regular sipping of sugar-free chewing gum, diabetic candy or a sugar-free drink will also help.
It is important to inform your dentist about your condition diabetes at the first appointment, as in this case the patient also needs special attention from the dentist in order to prevent the development of the diseases listed above.