The palate is the roof of the mouth. It separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity. The palate is divided into two parts, the anterior bony hard palate, and the posterior fleshy soft palate or velum. The palate is the roof of the mouth that divides the nasal and oral chambers. As the tongue stirs the food while chewing, this layer creates many ridges that aid in holding the meal. The nasal cavity has a firm floor thanks to the hard palate, which also gives the tongue room to move freely.
The hard palate carries teeth. Muscle and connective tissue make up the soft palate, giving it mobility and support. This palate is quite adaptable. It blocks and segregates the pharynx's nasal cavity and nasal region from the mouth and oral portion of the pharynx when elevated for swallowing and sucking. The soft palate elevates the mouth cavity, creating a vacuum that prevents food from entering the respiratory tract.