Forest & Ray - Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons
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In conjunction with an oral hygiene regimen which includes brushing and flossing it is a proven way to kill the bacteria which causes all kinds of problems for your teeth, tongue, and gums. This simple, inexpensive procedure performed regularly is preventive medicine that can help avoid costly visits to the dentist. It is recommended as a complement to the other common oral hygiene practices because brushing and flossing are not sufficient to kill the bacteria that leads to bad breath, cavities, and more.

Have you ever talked to someone with stinky breath? It’s the bacteria growing in the mouth that is the culprit. Rinsing your mouth with salt water will kill that bacteria and eliminate the problem. A salt water solution temporarily increases the pH balance in your mouth, creating an alkaline environment in which bacteria struggle to survive. Because bacteria generally prefer an acidic setting, using the rinse often enough can kill the bacteria as it balances the chemicals in the mouth.

Salt’s Many Benefits

Raw salt, which is primarily sodium chloride, restricts bacterial growth in many foods and preserves them because it absorbs water molecules. Bacteria need moisture in order to thrive, so without enough water they cannot grow well. Salt water rinsing is not a new fad. Its use dates back to the Egyptians and Greeks- as far back as 16000 BC. Today, we have built upon the knowledge of our early ancestors by continuing to utilize the healing power of salt water for a wide range of purposes. These include oral hygiene and killing the problem-causing bacteria in our mouths. Because of the many healing qualities of salt, rinsing with it frequently after undergoing a dental procedure, especially minor surgery, is very beneficial. It is especially effective in the 24-hour period after such minor surgery. Dentists recommend salt water because it is gentler in killing harmful bacteria than some harsher prescription or over-the-counter remedies-especially those that are alcohol-based. A salt water rinse will also help to remove pesky food particles that hide between the teeth. It will soothe irritated gums as well. Beyond this, there are other benefits to be derived from rinsing with salt water.  It can help cure a sore throat due to a common cold and also soothe and heal mouth sores. A word of caution: washing your mouth with salt water and spitting it out is harmless but swallowing it in large quantities can be harmful.

Bad breath
Consult with your doctor

Making a Salt Water Rinse

Killing the harmful bacteria in the mouth with a salt water rinse is cheap and easy. Simply mix a ½ a teaspoon of salt in a cup or glass of warm water- that’s it. Remember to rinse your mouth every two to three hours for the first few days after the dental procedure or surgery. Then, use your salt rinse three to four times a day after that.  Killing bacteria in your mouth was never easier, quicker, or cheaper. In fact, salt is one of the cheapest ingredients you can buy, period. It’s a major reason why the versatile, humble salt rinse has survived the millennia and should be added to your daily health regimen today.

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Salt is the main ingredient in many foods that are considered bad for your teeth, but the different kinds of manifestations of sodium are also the main ingredient in most toothpaste so it is very hard to discern if salt is bad for your teeth. The relationship between sodium and your oral fauna is a complex one.

Possible benefits of salt

The fauna and flora of your mouth and intestines both like and dislike salt. As a substance, salt is antibacterial, and as a substance, it does not damage your tooth enamel at all. In fact, using a saltwater rinse can help kill bacteria in hard-to-reach places. But the gums and soft tissues do not like salt at all.

natural salt

Problems from sodium

The main problem with just salt, and not with salty foods, is that it creates a hostile oral environment. It dries out the mucous membranes, which play an important part in lubricating the soft tissues and gingiva and keep teeth healthy by maintaining a healthy oral environment. With salt, the liquid is taken out of the soft tissues, and this creates a dried-out oral environment.

This is no problem if you drink plenty of water, as this will re-lubricate the area, and the immediate effects of slat will be neutralized. But hypertension will have an effect on teeth as well, as this condition affects the entire immune system. Some problems that may be caused by a diet that is too high in sodium:

  • Gum recession can be caused by eating too much salt, and the gums, a part of the immune system, may pull back to reveal the cementum of the teeth, making them more vulnerable and less resistant to tooth decay.
  • Xerostomia, or chronic dryness of the mouth, can also be caused by eating too much salt. This is a problem, as xerostomia can lead to gum disease, a heightened risk of tooth decay, halitosis, and problems of the tongue.
  • More frequent bleeding of the gums can occur when the oral environment is dry. This kind of bleeding usually occurs when eating food or brushing teeth, as the dried out gums are frailer and will induce more frequent extra capillary action.
Maintaining a beautiful smile is a lifelong project. Contact Forest & Ray London Dentist for a consultation to know more!

In the NW3 district and dealing with the pain of an impacted wisdom tooth? Forest & Ray Dental Practice is here to help, offering professional wisdom tooth extraction services conveniently located close to you.

Forest & Ray’s team of highly skilled dental practitioners employ the latest techniques and state-of-the-art equipment to ensure a safe, smooth, and efficient wisdom tooth removal process. We understand the discomfort associated with wisdom tooth issues, and we’re committed to making your procedure as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

At Forest & Ray dentist, wisdom tooth extraction isn’t just about relieving immediate discomfort – we’re dedicated to promoting and maintaining long-term oral health. Our services are synonymous with reliability, comfort, and effective results.

After your appointment at Forest & Ray, why not explore some of the fascinating points of interest in the NW3 district? Hampstead Heath, a sprawling, leafy haven in the city, is perfect for leisurely walks, with beautiful vistas over London from Parliament Hill. The heath also boasts the Hampstead Ponds, a popular spot for outdoor swimming.

If you’re a fan of arts and culture, don’t miss the opportunity to visit the Freud Museum, once the home of the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. A short distance away is Keats House, where the poet John Keats penned his most famous verses.

For a unique shopping experience, Hampstead High Street and its surrounding lanes offer an array of boutique shops, cafes, and traditional pubs. If you’re a cinema enthusiast, the Everyman Cinema, located on Holly Bush Vale, showcases both blockbuster films and independent releases in a cozy, comfortable setting.

Choose Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction, and not only will you receive top-tier dental care, but also the chance to discover the historical and cultural gems of the NW3 district. Start your journey towards a pain-free smile and embrace the unique local culture of NW3.

Are you in the NW5 district and grappling with the discomfort of a problematic wisdom tooth? Fear not, because Forest & Ray Dental Practice is here to provide relief. Offering professional wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located near you, making your journey to pain relief a swift one.

At Forest & Ray dentist London, our team of experienced dental practitioners is equipped with cutting-edge techniques and technology for safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand that a problematic wisdom tooth can be a source of significant discomfort, and our goal is to make your extraction procedure as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

With Forest & Ray, wisdom tooth extraction means not just an immediate relief from pain, but also a step towards maintaining long-term oral health. Our dental services are synonymous with reliability, safety, comfort, and highly effective results.

After your appointment at Forest & Ray, why not explore some of the local points of interest in the NW5 district? You’ll find the renowned Hampstead Heath within a short distance, offering panoramic views of London from Parliament Hill and inviting paths for walking or running.

For art lovers, the Zabludowicz Collection, housed in a former Methodist chapel, showcases contemporary art from emerging artists. The district is also home to the charming Dartmouth Park, an ideal spot for a peaceful stroll or picnic, offering stunning views over central London.

Take a trip down Kentish Town Road, the area’s bustling high street filled with a variety of shops, cafes, and pubs showcasing the local character of NW5. Don’t forget to visit the historic Forum, an iconic live music venue that has seen performances from many world-renowned artists.

Choose Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction and enjoy not just expert dental care, but also the opportunity to discover the rich cultural and historical heritage of the NW5 district. Embark on your journey to better oral health and explore the unique charm of NW5.

Experiencing discomfort due to an impacted wisdom tooth in the NW6 district? Forest & Ray Dental Practice is here to offer a helping hand. Renowned for their expert wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located close to you, ensuring swift and effective relief.

Our team at Forest & Ray is equipped with state-of-the-art dental techniques and technologies to ensure safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential complications a problematic wisdom tooth can cause, and we aim to provide a stress-free and comfortable procedure.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your impacted wisdom tooth extraction means not only relief from immediate discomfort, but also a steadfast commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are a hallmark of reliability, comfort, and highly effective results.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, take some time to explore the vibrant NW6 district. You’ll find Queen’s Park, a beautifully maintained 30-acre park ideal for a relaxing stroll or picnic. For music and culture enthusiasts, the famous Kilburn Ironworks, a unique music and arts venue, is a must-visit.

For a piece of history, visit the Tricycle Theatre, which has served the community with groundbreaking productions for decades. Food lovers can enjoy the variety of eateries and pubs along the Salusbury Road, or visit the bustling Queen’s Park Farmers Market for a taste of local produce.

NW6 is also home to the iconic Abbey Road Studios and the famous zebra crossing from The Beatles’ Abbey Road album cover, an essential photo opportunity for any music fan.

Trust Forest & Ray London Dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction and enjoy the opportunity to explore the diverse and vibrant offerings of the NW6 district. Embark on your journey towards pain-free oral health, while also experiencing the unique local culture and attractions of NW6.

Experiencing wisdom tooth discomfort in the NW8 district? Forest & Ray Dental Practice is here to help. Conveniently located close to you, Forest & Ray is known for its expert wisdom tooth extraction services, offering swift relief and promoting long-term oral health.

At Forest & Ray, our team of experienced dental practitioners employ state-of-the-art techniques and technology for safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the pain and potential complications associated with problematic wisdom teeth, and our goal is to provide a comfortable, stress-free procedure.

Choosing Forest & Ray dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction not only means relief from immediate discomfort but also represents a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are synonymous with reliability, comfort, and effective results.

After your appointment at Forest & Ray, take the opportunity to explore some of the fascinating points of interest that the NW8 district has to offer. Nearby, you’ll find the world-renowned Lord’s Cricket Ground, often referred to as the ‘Home of Cricket’, and the historic Abbey Road Studios, where The Beatles recorded their famous Abbey Road album.

Explore the beauty of Regent’s Park, one of London’s Royal Parks, boasting stunning rose gardens and the famous London Zoo. For art enthusiasts, the Lisson Gallery, a leading contemporary art gallery, is also located within the district.

Stroll down the vibrant St John’s Wood High Street, filled with boutique shops, cafes, and restaurants, or visit the Sherlock Holmes Museum located on the iconic Baker Street.

Trust Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction and enjoy the opportunity to discover the cultural, historical, and natural wonders of the NW8 district. Embark on your journey towards pain-free oral health while experiencing the unique charm of NW8.

Are you in the EC1 district and dealing with the discomfort of a problematic wisdom tooth? The solution is at your doorstep with Forest & Ray Dental Practice. Known for providing professional wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently situated close to you, ensuring your path to relief is swift and comfortable.

At Forest & Ray, our highly skilled dental practitioners utilise cutting-edge techniques and technology for safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We acknowledge the discomfort that can come with wisdom tooth issues and aim to make your procedure as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

By choosing Forest & Ray dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction, you’re not just opting for immediate relief but also making a commitment towards long-term oral health. Our services embody reliability, comfort, and highly effective results.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, why not explore the vibrant EC1 district? Just around the corner, you’ll find the iconic Barbican Centre, Europe’s largest multi-arts venue. The Museum of London, a treasure trove of the city’s history, is also within the vicinity.

For an exquisite outdoor experience, the Barbican Conservatory, a tropical oasis in the heart of the city, is a must-visit. And for a taste of medieval history, visit the historic Charterhouse, a former Carthusian monastery.

For lovers of architecture, the district is home to some of the finest examples of Brutalist architecture, like the Barbican Estate. Enjoy a stroll through the vibrant Whitecross Street Market, known for its array of food stalls offering cuisines from around the world.

By choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction, you’ll get not just world-class dental care but also the chance to discover the cultural, historical, and architectural wonders of the EC1 district. Embark on your journey towards better oral health and experience the unique charm of EC1.

Experiencing wisdom tooth discomfort in the W1 district? Forest & Ray Dental Practice is at your service. Known for their efficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located near you, ensuring swift and effective relief.

At Forest & Ray, our team of expert dental practitioners utilise advanced techniques and technologies to ensure safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential complications that can come with impacted wisdom teeth, and we aim to provide a comfortable, stress-free procedure.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction means not only relief from immediate discomfort but also a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are synonymous with reliability, comfort, and highly effective results.

After your visit to Forest & Ray Dentists, take some time to explore the iconic W1 district. The district is known for its high-end shopping and dining, with Oxford Street, Regent Street, and Bond Street offering an array of designer boutiques and department stores. For a touch of green, visit the beautiful Cavendish Square, an oasis of calm amid the bustling city.

Cultural attractions abound with the BBC Broadcasting House and The London Palladium, one of the city’s premier entertainment venues. Art lovers can visit the illustrious Royal Academy of Arts, which hosts world-class exhibitions.

Foodies will delight in exploring the numerous dining options around Soho, renowned for its diverse cuisine. And for an evening of entertainment, take in a show at one of the many theatres in the district, including the celebrated London Palladium.

Trust Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction and enjoy the opportunity to experience the vibrant and diverse offerings of the W1 district. Embark on your journey towards pain-free oral health, while also experiencing the unique local culture and attractions of W1.

In the W9 district and grappling with wisdom tooth discomfort? Look no further than Forest & Ray Dental Practice. Located conveniently close to you, Forest & Ray is recognised for its effective wisdom tooth extraction services, providing prompt and efficient relief.

Our team at Forest & Ray is equipped with the latest dental technologies and techniques to ensure safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential issues associated with problematic, impacted wisdom teeth, and we strive to provide a comfortable and stress-free procedure.

Choosing a dentist at Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction isn’t merely about immediate relief—it also signifies a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are marked by reliability, comfort, and highly successful outcomes.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, consider taking some time to explore the beautiful W9 district. Start with Little Venice, a picturesque neighbourhood known for its tranquil canals and colourful houseboats. Enjoy a leisurely stroll along the canal or a boat ride down to ZSL London Zoo.

Nearby is Paddington Recreation Ground, the oldest park in the city, featuring sports facilities, playgrounds, and a beautiful rose garden. Take a walk through the bustling Clifton Road, with its boutiques, cafes, and the popular Clifton Nurseries, London’s oldest garden centre.

If you’re a history enthusiast, visit the charming Maida Vale Library, a Carnegie library with a fascinating past. The district is also home to the iconic BBC Maida Vale Studios, a notable music recording and broadcasting studio.

By choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction, you get not just top-notch dental care, but also the opportunity to discover the historic, cultural, and natural wonders of the W9 district. Start your journey towards pain-free oral health while experiencing the unique charm of W9.

Are you a City of Westminster resident dealing with wisdom tooth discomfort? Your solution is just around the corner with Forest & Ray Dental Practice. Known for its efficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located near you, offering prompt and effective relief.

At Forest & Ray, our experienced dental practitioners utilise state-of-the-art techniques and technologies to ensure safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We comprehend the discomfort and potential complications that a problematic wisdom tooth can cause, and we strive to provide a comfortable and stress-free procedure.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction isn’t just about immediate relief; it’s a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are a symbol of reliability, comfort, and highly successful outcomes.

Following your appointment at the dentist at Forest & Ray, you can delve into the wonders of the City of Westminster. The district boasts some of London’s most iconic landmarks, such as the Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, and Buckingham Palace. Visit the stunning St. James’s Park for a peaceful retreat amid the bustling city.

Art enthusiasts will appreciate the National Gallery, which houses a vast collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. Don’t forget to explore the cultural and historical richness of Trafalgar Square, one of the city’s most vibrant open spaces.

For a bit of retail therapy, visit Regent Street and Oxford Street, two of London’s premier shopping destinations.

By opting for Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction, you receive not just top-quality dental care, but also an opportunity to explore the architectural, cultural, and historical treasures of the City of Westminster. Begin your journey towards a pain-free smile and enjoy the unique allure of Westminster.

If you’re in the City of London and grappling with wisdom tooth discomfort, Forest & Ray Dental Practice has you covered. Esteemed for its efficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located near you, ensuring fast and effective relief.

Our skilled team at Forest & Ray leverages modern techniques and technology to ensure a safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential complications associated with problematic wisdom teeth, and we aim to offer a procedure that’s as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction isn’t just about immediate relief, it also signals a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are synonymous with reliability, comfort, and stellar results.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, immerse yourself in the sights and sounds of the historic City of London. The district is home to iconic landmarks such as the Tower of London and Tower Bridge. Explore the impressive architecture of St. Paul’s Cathedral or the rich cultural history embedded in the walls of the Museum of London.

For a touch of green amid the cityscape, visit the tranquil Barbican Conservatory or the beautiful gardens of Finsbury Circus. For art enthusiasts, the Guildhall Art Gallery offers a diverse collection, and culture buffs will appreciate the city’s Roman Amphitheatre.

By opting for Forest & Ray dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction, you receive not just top-quality dental care but also an opportunity to explore the architectural, cultural, and historical treasures of the City of London. Begin your journey towards pain-free oral health and enjoy the unique heritage of this ancient district.

If you’re a resident of Brent dealing with wisdom tooth discomfort, Forest & Ray Dental Practice is your trusted solution. Renowned for efficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located close to you, offering swift and effective relief.

Our expert team at Forest & Ray leverages the latest techniques and technologies to ensure a safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential complications a problematic wisdom tooth can bring, and our aim is to offer a procedure that’s as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction means not only immediate relief but a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are known for their reliability, comfort, and impressive results.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, explore the vibrant district of Brent. The area boasts Wembley Stadium, one of the most famous football stadiums in the world, and the SSE Arena, a premier concert venue. Explore the rich cultural heritage of the area at the London Designer Outlet, featuring a selection of high-end stores, restaurants, and a cinema.

For nature enthusiasts, Brent Reservoir, also known as the Welsh Harp, is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, ideal for birdwatching and peaceful walks. History buffs will enjoy a visit to the Neasden Temple, one of the largest Hindu temples outside India.

By opting for Forest & Ray dentists for your impacted wisdom tooth extraction, you’re choosing not just top-quality dental care, but also the opportunity to discover the architectural, cultural, and natural treasures of Brent. Start your journey towards a pain-free oral health while enjoying the unique charm of Brent.

If you’re in the London Borough of Barnet and experiencing wisdom tooth discomfort, look no further than Forest & Ray Dental Practice. Famous for its proficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located near you, ensuring speedy and effective relief.

At Forest & Ray, our team of experienced dental practitioners utilises cutting-edge techniques and technologies to assure safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the pain and potential complications problematic wisdom teeth can pose, and our aim is to offer a procedure that’s as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your impacted wisdom tooth extraction is not just about immediate relief; it’s about committing to long-term oral health. Our services are a testament to reliability, comfort, and high success rates.

After your appointment at Forest & Ray, take the opportunity to explore the diverse London Borough of Barnet. This area is home to the historic Hampstead Garden Suburb, renowned for its carefully planned architecture and leafy lanes. Take a tranquil walk through the picturesque Hill Garden and Pergola, or visit the RAF Museum to learn about the fascinating history of aviation and the Royal Air Force.

Kenwood House, located on the edge of Hampstead Heath, is another point of interest – an impressive neoclassical villa with a remarkable collection of paintings. For nature lovers, Barnet offers an array of open spaces, such as Golders Hill Park and the Brent Reservoir.

By choosing Forest & Ray dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction, you receive not just top-quality dental care, but also the opportunity to explore the architectural, cultural, and natural treasures of the London Borough of Barnet. Start your journey towards pain-free oral health and savour the unique appeal of Barnet.

Are you a resident of the London Borough of Haringey dealing with the discomfort of a troublesome wisdom tooth? Forest & Ray Dental Practice is here to help. Renowned for its efficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located close to you, offering swift and effective relief.

At Forest & Ray, our skilled team utilises the latest techniques and technologies to ensure a safe and efficient impacted wisdom tooth removal. We comprehend the discomfort and potential complications a problematic wisdom tooth can present, and we’re committed to delivering a procedure that’s as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction isn’t just about immediate relief, it’s a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are characterised by reliability, comfort, and successful outcomes.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, explore the diverse and lively London Borough of Haringey. The district is home to the famous Alexandra Palace, an iconic entertainment venue with a rich history and panoramic views of London. Visit Bruce Castle, a Grade I listed 16th-century manor house, which now houses a museum detailing the history of Haringey and Tottenham.

For nature lovers, there’s the enchanting Queen’s Wood, one of the ancient woods of London, and the charming Highgate Wood, perfect for a tranquil stroll. Finsbury Park, a large Victorian-era park, offers a mix of open grass, mature trees, and an attractive lake.

By opting for a dentist at Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction, you’ll receive not only top-quality dental care but also an opportunity to explore the architectural, cultural, and natural treasures of the London Borough of Haringey. Begin your journey towards pain-free oral health and discover the unique charm of Haringey.

If you’re in the London Borough of Islington and struggling with wisdom tooth discomfort, the solution is close at hand with Forest & Ray Dental Practice. Celebrated for its expert wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located close to you, ensuring prompt and effective relief.

Our adept team at Forest & Ray utilises the most advanced techniques and technologies to ensure a safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential complications associated with problematic wisdom teeth, and our aim is to provide a procedure that’s as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your impacted wisdom tooth extraction is not just about immediate relief but also a commitment to long-term oral health. Our services are synonymous with reliability, comfort, and successful outcomes.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of the London Borough of Islington. This district offers a wealth of cultural and historical landmarks. Visit the charming Islington Museum or explore the Almeida Theatre for a touch of local drama. The district is also home to the iconic Emirates Stadium, a must-visit for football enthusiasts.

For an oasis in the urban environment, stroll through the delightful Barnard Park or pay a visit to the historic Canonbury Tower. Islington offers a mix of trendy boutiques and antique shops on Camden Passage, making it a unique shopping destination.

By choosing Forest & Ray dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction, you receive not just top-quality dental care, but also an opportunity to explore the architectural, cultural, and historical treasures of the London Borough of Islington. Start your journey towards pain-free oral health and enjoy the unique charm of Islington.

If you’re facing wisdom tooth discomfort in the London Borough of Camden, Forest & Ray Dental Practice is your go-to solution. Acclaimed for efficient wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located close to you, ensuring prompt and effective relief.

Our dedicated team at Forest & Ray uses cutting-edge techniques and technology to guarantee a safe and efficient wisdom tooth removal. We understand the discomfort and potential complications associated with problematic, impacted wisdom teeth, and we’re committed to offering a procedure that is comfortable and stress-free.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction signifies not only immediate relief but a commitment to your long-term oral health. Our services are a byword for reliability, comfort, and excellent results.

After your visit to Forest & Ray, take some time to explore the diverse London Borough of Camden. This vibrant area is home to the iconic Camden Market, a bustling hive of unique shops, food stalls, and music venues. Enjoy a leisurely walk along Regent’s Canal, offering picturesque views and a relaxing atmosphere.

The borough is a hub for arts and culture, housing the British Library, the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued. The Roundhouse, a former railway engine shed turned performing arts venue, is another must-visit for culture enthusiasts.

For lovers of nature, Regent’s Park – one of London’s Royal Parks – offers beautiful gardens, a lake for boating, and London Zoo.

By opting for Forest & Ray dentists for your wisdom tooth extraction, you not only receive top-quality dental care but also the chance to discover the rich cultural, historical, and natural treasures of the London Borough of Camden. Start your journey towards pain-free oral health and savour the unique appeal of Camden.

Are you facing the discomfort of a troublesome wisdom tooth in the NW2 district? Look no further, as Forest & Ray Dental Practice is here to offer swift relief with our professional wisdom tooth extraction services, conveniently located near you.

At Forest & Ray, our highly skilled dental practitioners utilise state-of-the-art techniques and equipment to ensure the safe and efficient removal of wisdom teeth. We understand the pain and discomfort associated with wisdom tooth complications and strive to provide a comfortable and stress-free procedure for all of our patients.

Choosing Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction not only promises a relief from discomfort, but also guarantees a dedicated commitment towards long-term oral health. We pride ourselves on providing services synonymous with reliability, comfort, and effective results.

After your appointment at Forest & Ray, take some time to explore the interesting points of interest that NW2 has to offer. Nearby you’ll find the Mapesbury Dell, a tranquil community-run park perfect for a leisurely stroll or picnic. A short distance away is the vibrant Kilburn High Road, known for its eclectic mix of shops, restaurants, and cafes, reflecting the area’s diverse culture.

For theatre lovers, the renowned Tricycle Theatre is a gem in the district, offering an array of contemporary and classic performances. Sports enthusiasts can visit the Willesden Sports Centre, featuring a variety of facilities, including an athletics track and a swimming pool.

For a touch of nature in the city, visit the Brent Reservoir, also known as the Welsh Harp, a beautiful water body and nature reserve offering spectacular views and birdwatching opportunities.

So, trust Forest & Ray dental professionals with your wisdom tooth extraction and enjoy the chance to explore the diverse and vibrant offerings of the NW2 district. Begin your journey towards pain-free oral health, and enjoy the distinct local culture and attractions of NW2.

If you’re in the NW1 district and grappling with the discomfort of a troublesome wisdom tooth, Forest & Ray Dental Practice has you covered. Renowned for their expert wisdom tooth extraction services, Forest & Ray is conveniently located near you, making relief just a quick journey away.

Forest & Ray boasts a team of highly skilled dental professionals, armed with the latest dental technologies and techniques to perform wisdom tooth removal. We aim to ensure your comfort and peace of mind during the extraction process, making it as smooth and painless as possible.

With Forest & Ray, wisdom tooth extraction means not just freedom from discomfort, but also the preservation of your oral health for the long term. We’re committed to delivering services that represent the highest standards of safety, comfort, and effectiveness.

Your appointment at Forest & Ray also gives you the perfect opportunity to explore some of the many attractions in the vibrant NW1 district. The world-renowned ZSL London Zoo, a conservation-focused haven for a wide range of species, is located nearby.

If you appreciate green spaces, the stunning Regent’s Park is a must-visit, boasting beautifully landscaped gardens and the iconic Queen Mary’s Rose Garden. Culture enthusiasts can explore the British Library, holding some of the world’s most valuable literary treasures, or take in a performance at the Open Air Theatre in Regent’s Park.

The area is also home to the legendary Camden Market, where you can discover a myriad of stalls offering everything from vintage fashion to international food, and Camden Lock, the heart of Camden’s bustling canal network.

Choose our dentist at Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction, and in addition to world-class dental care, enjoy the opportunity to discover the cultural, historical, and natural wonders of the NW1 district. Begin your journey towards enhanced oral health and a deeper appreciation of the unique charms of NW1.

Are you in the N19 district and feeling discomfort due to a problematic wisdom tooth? Look no further for relief. Forest & Ray Dental Practice, experts in wisdom tooth extraction, are conveniently located close to you.

Forest & Ray is known for their highly skilled and professional dental practitioners who perform wisdom tooth removal with the utmost precision and care. Our team uses the latest dental techniques and technologies, ensuring a smooth and stress-free process. The comfort and safety of our patients are our priority.

At Forest & Ray, wisdom tooth extraction doesn’t just mean relieving you from oral discomfort, but also promoting long-term oral health. We provide services that are synonymous with reliability, comfort, and effective results.

In the N19 district, there are several notable points of interest you can explore after your appointment with us. Nearby is Whittington Park, a perfect spot for a peaceful walk or an impromptu picnic. If you’re a football enthusiast, the Emirates Stadium, home of Arsenal F.C., is located just a short distance away.

For those interested in arts and culture, the iconic Park Theatre and Jacksons Lane are must-visit venues. You can also take a stroll down Holloway Road, lined with local cafes and unique shops.

N19 is also home to Highgate Cemetery, known for its beautiful and historic Victorian architecture. Many famous figures are buried here, making it an important cultural landmark.

Choose Forest & Ray private dentist for your wisdom tooth extraction and get a chance to experience the unique charm of the N19 district. Get in touch with us today and begin your journey towards pain-free oral health while discovering the captivating local culture of N19.

Are you experiencing discomfort from an emerging or impacted wisdom tooth in the N7 district? No need to worry. Forest & Ray Dental Practice is conveniently located near you, offering expert wisdom tooth extraction services to residents of the N7 area.

The Forest & Ray team of professional dental practitioners is well-versed in the latest dental techniques to ensure the safe and efficient removal of wisdom teeth. We understand that this can be an uncomfortable experience, and we’re committed to making the process as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

At Forest & Ray, we believe that wisdom tooth removal, or any oral health procedure, should not only mean effective results, but also a comfortable and reassuring experience. We go the extra mile to make this happen for you.

After your appointment at Forest & Raydentists, take time to explore the vibrant and diverse district of N7. A short distance away, you’ll find the picturesque Paradise Park, a charming spot for a relaxing stroll or picnic. There’s also the Sobell Leisure Centre, a multipurpose sports facility with a range of activities on offer.

For those interested in cultural and historical attractions, the Pleasance Theatre, renowned for its exciting and diverse performances, is a stone’s throw away. The Emirate’s Stadium, home to Arsenal F.C., is also in the vicinity for all the football fans out there.

Visit the eclectic Holloway Road, the main artery of N7, to experience the hustle and bustle of local cafes, shops and the district’s unique vibe.

So don’t let a troublesome wisdom tooth keep you down. Visit Forest & Ray Dental Practice for quality, professional care and take advantage of the opportunity to explore the vibrant N7 district. Start your journey towards a pain-free smile and enjoy what this unique area has to offer.

Are you dealing with wisdom tooth discomfort in the N6 district? Relief is closer than you might think. Forest & Ray Dental Practice, renowned for its expertise in wisdom tooth extraction, is conveniently situated in close proximity to your location. Our highly skilled and experienced team is always at your service, providing safe and effective wisdom tooth removal.

At Forest & Ray dentist, we understand the discomfort and potential complications that an impacted or misaligned wisdom tooth can bring. Utilizing the latest dental techniques and technologies, we ensure that impacted wisdom teeth extraction is as painless and stress-free as possible. We are dedicated to helping our patients maintain optimum oral health, offering procedures that are synonymous with comfort, safety, and effective results.

Located conveniently near N6, Forest & Ray is nestled in an area that boasts many local attractions. After your appointment, you can enjoy some of the most notable points of interest in the district.

For lovers of green spaces and outdoor activities, the tranquil Waterlow Park is nearby, offering serene paths, ponds, and an impressive view of the London skyline. For history enthusiasts, the iconic Highgate Cemetery, with its beautiful gothic architecture, Victorian tombs, and famous residents, is a must-visit. Explore the bustling streets and cafes of Highgate Village, or stroll around the elegant Highgate Ponds.

To get a sense of the cultural vibrancy of the area, the Jacksons Lane Arts Centre is a key venue for contemporary performing arts. With all these attractions and more, visiting Forest & Ray for your wisdom tooth extraction offers more than just relief from oral discomfort. It’s an opportunity to explore the unique offerings of the N6 district.

So, why wait? Contact Forest & Ray today and take the first step towards pain-free, healthy oral health, while also getting a taste of the distinct local culture of the N6 district.

Located near the bustling N1 district in London, Forest & Ray Dental Practice offers expert wisdom tooth extraction services. This trusted dental practice is conveniently situated for N1 residents, who live among some of the city’s most captivating points of interest.

The N1 district is home to an eclectic mix of attractions. The renowned Emirates Stadium, known as the heart of Arsenal Football Club, is a must-see for sports fans. The Regent’s Canal, another significant landmark, offers picturesque waterside views, perfect for a tranquil stroll. For shopping enthusiasts, the Angel Central Shopping Centre provides a variety of retail outlets and restaurants, making it a vibrant spot to explore.

Forest & Ray Dental Practice is just a short journey away from these landmarks. Specializing in dental health and well-being, they offer critical services such as wisdom tooth extraction. The dental professionals at Forest & Ray are skilled in alleviating toothache and preventing potential oral complications like infections or the misalignment of surrounding teeth due to impacted wisdom teeth.

Undergoing a wisdom tooth extraction procedure at Forest & Ray Dental Practice is a proactive step towards maintaining your oral health. Their team ensures a smooth, efficient, and as painless as possible experience, mitigating any discomfort associated with wisdom teeth issues.

In conclusion, Forest & Ray Dentists is not only ideally located for residents in the N1 district but also stands as a beacon for dental health by offering crucial services like wisdom tooth extraction. This journey towards improved oral health allows you to take in the unique points of interest that the N1 district has to offer. Always remember to schedule your appointment in advance for a seamless experience.

Forest & Ray offers a Professional Hygiene Treatment by a Dentist with Free dental check-up and small X-ray.

Hygiene treatment + free check dental check-up and small x-ray

Do you want to shine with an irresistible and healthy smile during the summer?

At Forest & Ray, we’ll help you achieve that unforgettable glow!

The offer includes:

* DigitalPanoramic X-ray might be taken as the dentist’s suggestion, it costs £57.

**Hygiene treatment price: from £139.

The offer is valid until the 31st of August 2023!

Let 2023 be the year of your bright smile!

Speed up your life! New year! New chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile! You can read several suggestions for the New Year’s resolution below:


1. I am going to visit my dentist and start my treatment

It is very important to visit your dentist at least once a year, who checks your current condition and if necessary makes a treatment plan for you. In general, the panoramic X-ray is the part of the dental check-up which can diagnose wide variety of problems. For example, there may be a far more serious problem behind your tooth sensitivity. Fortunately, these problems are noticeable during the check-up and can be treated by the dentist.

Book an appointment now!

2. I am going to start my orthodontic treatment

Did you know that you can start orthodontic treatment even in adulthood? Fortunately, you can also have a brace as an adult, and there are plenty of options available to you. You can choose a fixed metal brace, an aesthetic tooth-colored brace, or even an almost invisible and removable device.

Are you a teen? We have discount for you! Click here!

Happy couple
New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!

3. I am going to visit the dental hygienist twice a year

Did you know that home dental care is not enough to keep your teeth clean? There are some parts of your teeth that can only be cleaned by a specialist. In these areas tartar can easily form and can cause bad breath or several diseases such as gingivitis. Therefore it is highly advisable to get rid of it by professional dental cleaning as soon as possible. You do not have to worry about this treatment at all, the hygienist uses a completely painless ultrasound device for it. After the scaling and polishing, it is harder for the tartar to stick on the surface again, and you feel your teeth clean and healthy after the treatment.

4. I am going to replace my missing teeth

If you have been planning to replace your missing teeth for a long time, New Year is a wonderful opportunity to get started! Whether it is one tooth or the whole denture, you should start it as soon as possible. Tooth loss is not just an aesthetic problem: the missing teeth make your healthy teeth decay faster or even fall out; in addition, you may also have problems with chewing, and not properly chewed food can lead to further serious problems.

Check out our finance options on teeth replacement!

Located in west London, the borough of Ealing is home to a large number of cultural attractions and is a popular residential area. Its proximity to Heathrow Airport, together with its good transport links, makes it a desirable place to live. The area is also well-connected with other parts of London. In recent years, the borough of Ealing has undergone a significant transformation. The town centre is being revamped to become a more desirable location. Its old Victorian Gothic town hall will be converted into a boutique hotel. Another project will see the council build 470 flats, which the council promises will be affordable. This will create a critical mass of new homes to transform the area.

Ealing is a great place to live because it has plenty of parks and green spaces. It is also very accessible to central London by rail. The district underground line, the Piccadilly line, and the Central line are all located in the borough. In addition, there are a number of excellent shopping centres, including the Ealing Broadway Shopping Centre. It is home to a wide variety of shops, from fashion to homeware to entertainment venues. Click here for information

Ealing has some of the best parks in the capital. Walpole Park and Griffin Park are both within walking distance of the borough. These parks are popular with locals and tourists alike. They also provide the perfect backdrop for community gatherings and events. It is also a popular location for tourists, with its many museums and cultural institutions. It is home to Royal Holloway University, a world-class educational institute. The borough is also known for its excellent youth sports clubs. Its schools are generally rated as “outstanding” by education authorities.

The London borough of Ealing has an estimated population of 344,837. The borough is considered safe and has a lower crime rate than its neighbouring boroughs. Its population has been increasing steadily over the past few years, and it is predicted that it will be one of the top ten boroughs in London by 2020. The borough also has a higher economic quality than the average London level.

The borough is home to the world’s oldest film studio, which has produced a vast range of Hollywood films. In the future, Filmworks plans to build an eight-screen Picturehouse cinema in the borough. Several major developments are planned for Ealing. These include a new piazza and the replacement of the Perceval House HQ. The Ealing borough has a wealth of cultural institutions, as well as excellent shops, restaurants, and pubs. The borough’s annual jazz festival is also a favourite among music enthusiasts. A survey in 2015 showed that 95% of residents felt that their neighbourhood was safe. In order to help reduce the risk of violence, Ealing has created a safer Ealing Partnership. The partnership is part of the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership. In conjunction with the partnership, a number of initiatives have been introduced to address local issues. Next blog article

Driving Directions From This City To Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons 

Driving Directions From This City To The Next City


Located on the North West outskirts of London, Northwood is an affluent suburb that straddles the border with Hertfordshire. It is a prime location for anyone who wants to enjoy the best of both worlds; a suburban setting surrounded by green and open countryside, and easy access to the capital. The area is also popular amongst young professionals and retirees alike. The city has a number of golf clubs and pubs, as well as a Waitrose supermarket next to the railway station, making it an ideal commuter destination. Luckily, the area is home to a plethora of fine dining restaurants and other swanky establishments, as well as some of the city’s best hotels. Learn more

If you’re after a more sophisticated shindig, the Curtain Hotel, located in the buzzy Shoreditch neighbourhood, is a worthy gilded cage. The lavish hotel features a number of impressive amenities including marble bathrooms, a spa, and a members’ club. The tavern is also a posh place to dine, with its own onsite bar and restaurant. Its most impressive feature is its proximity to two of the capital’s most prestigious landmarks: The Shard and the Gherkin.

In addition to its elegant design, the Curtain Hotel boasts a number of other amenities that make it stand out from its more snobby neighbours. The library is a prime spot for reading or snoozing, and the hotel has one of the best rooftop pools in town.

The Scarfes Bar is a high-end cocktail bar. It features a number of colorful motifs, as well as a menu inspired by the Michael Jackson album. The bar also offers a number of award-winning cocktails, including the aforementioned. It also serves some of the best burgers in the area. It’s probably a good idea to book in advance if you’re hoping to sample the menu’s finest.

The Mirror Room is a tavern with a storied history. In addition to being one of the oldest taverns in London, it’s also known for its excellent British cuisine, its dazzling views of the city, and its stylish occupants. Its cocktail list is extensive, with names such as “The Blueprint” and “Thirsty” on the menu. It’s also the place to go for an augmented reality experience in the form of a tea-infused cocktail. It’s not just a bar; the lounge also boasts a library, gym, and an a la carte restaurant. It’s also the city’s only gin bar, with over 100 gins on offer. It’s the only place in town that hosts an awe-inspiring one-minute video.

The Mirror Room also has the honor of being the first tavern in the UK to install a consumer-grade augmented reality experience, allowing visitors to choose the perfect blend of tea. The aforementioned tea-infused cocktail can be retrieved by using the mobile phone’s browser. It’s worth noting that the best part of the Mirror Room is the view of the nearby city’s skyline, which is particularly breathtaking at sunset. The hotel’s other notable feats include its own health club, a Cognac and Cigar Garden, and its own spa. Next article

Driving Directions From This City To Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons 

Driving Directions From This City To The Next City

Known as one of the most bohemian areas of London, Highgate has long been a favorite of the literary and musical elite. With its picturesque cobbled streets and Georgian houses, it is an old-world neighborhood that retains its village feel. There are quaint tea rooms, charming pubs, and cute cafes to enjoy while in the area. The town’s history dates back to the 1300s. At that time, it was the main entry point into London from the north. Today, it is a leafy residential neighborhood. There are some wonderful 18th and 19th-century houses in the area. Check this out

Several notable figures are buried in Highgate Cemetery, including Karl Marx and novelist George Eliot. The cemetery is famous for its elaborate tombs and wild greenery. There are over 50,000 graves and over 170,000 people resting on the grounds. The Highgate area is also home to an arts and education centre, Lauderdale House. This beautiful old mansion was built in 1582 and has been restored several times over the years. The estate is now used for a number of events and performances. During the summer months, the cafe in the garden is a popular destination. The upstairs hall is often used for concerts and exhibitions. 

The Highgate Literary and Scientific Institution was founded in 1839 to educate the wider public about the Industrial Revolution. It has a large library and a wide range of programs. There are regularly changing exhibitions, and a variety of events and programs are held here. In this area, you can visit Red Hedgehog Theatre, which is a classical and theatrical venue. This is a popular location for kite flyers and dog walkers. The Parkland Walk, which starts just behind The Boogaloo, is another place to visit. You can explore the former railway path from Highgate to Finsbury Park.

In addition to the attractions in Highgate, there are a number of great gastropubs in the area. These include the Bull, which has a beer garden, the Spanish’s Inn, and the Wrestlers pub. These pubs serve British classics, as well as exotic and unusual options. The Boogaloo is a legendary music venue and was the location of a reunion for the Libertines. The Flask, located on The Grove, is another local haunt. It is rumoured that Dick Turpin used to frequent this pub.

While in Highgate, you may want to check out the statue of the sleeping lion. This monument is a memorial to George Wombwell, the owner of Wombwell’s Travelling Menagerie of exotic animals in Victorian Britain. Other interesting locations include the High Tea of Highgate and the Upstairs at the Gatehouse. These are both popular sites for drinking and mingling. While in the area, you can also take a walking tour of the historic district, which is full of Georgian houses and pubs.

If you are looking for a unique way to experience the city of London, consider taking a walking tour of the neighborhoods surrounding it. Many of the cities’ best sites combine excellent locations with gentle exercise. Browse the next article

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Driving Directions From This City To The Next City


Located in London, Notting Hill is a neighbourhood known for its colourful houses and vibrant weekend markets. The area is also known for its annual Notting Hill Carnival, a world-famous street festival that attracts over 1 million revelers every year. The celebrations take place on the last bank holiday weekend in August. It is by far the largest of its kind in Europe. Click here for information

One of the main attractions in Notting Hill is the Portobello Market. The market is a lively one with cafes and shops. The market has a unique history, taking its name from the Porto Bello farm. In the past, the market was a fruit and vegetable market for the locals. The market is open six days a week and on Sundays, it is open for a day and a half. The market is popular for its fresh produce. 

This neighbourhood is also home to the Coronet Theatre, a Victorian-era venue with several performance spaces. This was the site where Will Thacker’s scene in the movie “Love Actually” was filmed. It is also home to the Churchill Arms, a pub with a very grand name. One of the city’s most unusual museums. The Museum of Brands, Packaging, and Advertising is a great way to learn about the history of consumer culture. This museum contains over 12,000 original items, including fashion, toys, and home goods. The museum also runs a permanent exhibition.

Another Notting Hill landmark is the Trellick Tower, a working church built in the mid-19th century during the modernist movement. The tower is a symbol of Notting Hill’s character and is located on the edge of the West End.  Today, they are popular properties and have been converted into one of the most desirable areas in London. Notting Hill is home to many quirky attractions, such as a working distillery, a Michelin-star restaurant, and a quirky art gallery. It is also home to one of London’s most famous mews, the St Luke’s Mews. The mews were formerly used as horse stables and drivers’ quarters. 

If you would like to enjoy the nightlife in London there is a big number of traditional British pubs. The Elgin is one of the most popular, offering classic British pub food and live music on a regular basis. You can’t go wrong with a nice burger, and the wine platter is a must-try. The interior is also a sight to behold. Looking for the perfect photo opportunity, you should check out Simon Close Street, a re-purposed stables. The houses in the neighbourhood are all painted in pastel shades, making them perfect for Instagrammers.

Notting Hill is a diverse and multicultural neighbourhood in London. Is an excellent base for exploring the rest of the capital. There are several restaurants, so you’re sure to find something to suit your taste. The neighborhood is also the home of the world’s most famous Notting Hill Carnival, a 24-hour party that is the biggest of its kind in the world. The carnival is free to attend and takes place on the bank holiday weekend at the end of August. This a great post to read

Driving Directions From This City To Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons 

Driving Directions From This City To The Next City



Located in central London, Waterloo is a place to explore for history buffs, artists, and culture vultures alike. Not only is it home to one of the country’s busiest train stations, but it’s also home to several world-class theaters, museums, and other entertainment options. Aside from being a commuter hub, Waterloo is a popular spot for locals to socialize. You’ll find a variety of pubs, coffee shops, and bars in the area. There are plenty of options for post-work cocktails and brunch, as well as more chic establishments that cater to the more night-club-oriented crowd.

Waterloo is also home to many of the city’s best food markets and cafes. You’ll find a wide selection of global eateries and trendy places to drink. Alternatively, you can visit South Bank, a renowned arts district that’s home to an IMAX cinema and a large number of restaurants and galleries. It’s a popular destination for tourists and is a great location to take a break from the hustle and bustle of the city. The Imperial War Museum is one of the best free attractions in London. You’ll find artifacts from centuries of conflict, as well as permanent and temporary galleries. The museum is also home to a number of exhibits that focus on World War I. Learn more

The Vaults is a multi-disciplinary art space underneath Waterloo Station. This venue hosts immersive and alternative programming, as well as an annual festival. You can also experience the thrill of a dinner theater with Alice’s Adventures Underground. This venue is also home to a quaint and quirky bar, Vaulty Towers.

In addition to its many theatres and performances, the Old Vic is also home to a number of other entertainment options. You’ll find classic plays performed by the company, as well as modern works. You’ll also want to see the Young Vic, a theater that’s known for its experimental plays. You’ll enjoy a high-quality performance at an affordable price. You can also visit Understudy, a theater that offers craft beer options. Another great option is to head to the London Eye, a popular attraction that’s found at Waterloo Station. You can enjoy a Ferris wheel ride on the iconic London landmark. Then, head over to Jubilee Park & Gardens for a picnic. Alternatively, you can hop aboard a speedboat tour through the Thames.

If you are interested in a little shopping, you can visit the Southbank Book Centre Market, an outdoor market that’s open seven days a week. The bookstore has a wide selection of books, comics, and second-hand items. You can also purchase maps and prints from the market. You can buy tickets to a range of shows at the BFI IMAX. If you’re looking for a place to play a game, you can try Draughts, which has more than 800 games to choose from. You can also try the Southbank Centre‘s Undercroft, which is a fun haven for skaters. A fantastic read

Driving Directions From This City To Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons 

Driving Directions From This City To The Next City




Known for its vibrant high streets, greenery, and good transport links, Enfield is a popular choice for families and young couples looking to get on the property ladder. It’s also one of the most affordable London boroughs, with house prices being slightly less expensive than the national average. The property market in Enfield is vast and offers houses to suit almost every budget.

Enfield is a diverse city with a rich history. It was originally a hamlet in Middlesex, but it joined Greater London under the London Government Act of 1963. It now encompasses a number of small, village-like towns. Some of the best areas to live in Enfield include Oakwood, Southgate, and Winchmore Hill. Aside from being an attractive place to live, Enfield is a great commute to central London, with excellent transport links. The London Overground railway line serves the area, with stations at Turkey Street, Enfield Chase, Cockfosters, Southgate and Arnos Grove. There is also a new Meridian Water station, which will bring commuters to Liverpool Street in just 24 minutes. Check this out

In addition to transport, there are a number of parks and open spaces in the area. You can find a good selection of chain restaurants in the area, including Pizza Express, Nando’s and Domino’s. There is also a Jump In trampoline park and an Odeon cinema. The town has some historic features, including Forty Hall, a Grade 1-listed manor house. The town also boasts a modern European restaurant, The Beautiful South.

The borough is home to a variety of top-rated schools, including Enfield Heights and Highlands Secondary Schools. The public schools are generally above the national average. There are also plenty of other educational options for residents. There are a number of additional borrowing facilities available to help with a move, and there are several sporting and leisure locations in the area. For shopping, the Palace Gardens and Palace Exchange shopping centres are a stone’s throw from Enfield Town station. These two centres are home to a number of stores, including H&M, Next, and JD Sports. There is also a Pearson’s department store that sells upmarket ladies’ wear and exclusive brands. You can also find a good range of basic food outlets in the centre.

Enfield is also a popular destination for festivals, with the local area hosting many events throughout the year. It’s worth checking out the Rose & Crown Pub, which was once owned by a notorious highwayman, Mr. Mott. Other venues for entertainment include The Cricketers and The Beehive gastropub.

If you’re moving to Enfield, it’s important to choose an area that suits your lifestyle and budget. Aside from the cost of living, factors like the schools in the area and whether or not you can get a parking space are important considerations. The town is relatively safe, although there are some reports of violent crime, which is the second most common offense in the area. There are also several areas of outstanding natural beauty to be found in the borough, and the river that runs through the town is popular with people for its recreational value. The town also has a number of sports and leisure locations, including The Play Centre and TeamSport Indoor Karting. There are also seven golf courses in the area. Next blog article

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Driving Directions From This City To The Next City

Located in north London, Holloway is a leafy, trendy neighbourhood. It is a great place to live. It is well connected to the rest of the city by public transport. It is also a safe area. It is a multicultural space. It is home to many people who speak different languages, and there are plenty of things to do. There are many interesting events that take place throughout the year.

The area has seen a massive regeneration, and it is a highly desirable place to live in. It is home to several football stadiums, and there are plenty of bars and restaurants. There are also a number of high-end cafes and shops. This is a vibrant neighbourhood, and it is popular amongst media professionals and artists. The area is surrounded by Highbury and Finsbury Park to the north and Islington to the south. It is also close to Heathrow airport. It is about an hour’s train journey from London. It is also a convenient location for students who are studying at the London Metropolitan University. Check this out

It is a relatively cheap area to live in, and the transport links are excellent. There are a few tube stations nearby, and the Piccadilly line is nearby. It is also a short bus ride to Camden. It is a good place to go if you want to be able to reach the West End, and it is also easy to get to the city center on foot. There are a number of bus routes along Holloway Road. Holloway is home to some of the best graffiti artists in the city. It is also home to the Angel Shed Theatre, a venue that hosts performances and workshops. It is also a hub for amateur theatre companies. It is open to the public, and all theatre-related activities are encouraged.

The Lamb is a local watering hole, which combines an Irish spirit with local spirits. It is a great place to go for craft beers and to hear folk hits. It also has a regular quiz night. The restaurant serves locally brewed Hammerton N7 IPA. The Islington Central Library is located on Holloway Road and has a large collection of books. There is a recently renovated interior. The library is also a major source of information on Islington and the surrounding area. It is also a popular destination for visitors and residents, and it hosts regular events throughout the year.

The Emirates Stadium is also situated in Holloway. The stadium has a 60,000 capacity and has hosted a number of famous performances, including Coldplay. The area is a short walk from the stadium. It is also very easy to reach from the Tower Building. It is close to Islington tube station. There are also several other attractions and events to take part in. The area is a popular destination for those who enjoy art and film, and there are several high-end cafes and shops. The area is also very safe and is a pleasant place to live. Browse the next article

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Driving Directions From This City To The Next City

During the late 16th and 17th centuries, London became a key center of international trade and banking. The city’s population increased to more than six million by the end of the nineteenth century. After World War I, London’s population began to fall. In 1950, the population stood at just over three and a half million. It is now estimated that the city’s population is around 6.5 million.

The history of London stretches back to the Romans who founded the city. In the fifth century, it was a small town, but it declined after repeated invasions by Anglo-Saxons. In the eighth century, Londinium was the capital of the Kingdom of Essex. In the ninth century, it was a thriving medieval port. In the fourteenth century, the port’s development led to the growth of London as a European hub for the distribution of goods. This contributed to its emergence as the capital of England. Click for more information

In the fifteenth century, London’s textile industry helped to drive the city’s rapid growth. Its central location facilitated the expansion of its maritime trade, which continued with the Stuarts. It became the world’s leading insurance market, and its financial services centered on its Royal Exchange. In 1734, the Bank of England moved its headquarters to a site on the south side of the Royal Exchange. The area was subsequently renovated to its historic form.

In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the boundaries of the City of London expanded, and by the sixteenth century, they extended beyond the old walled city. The Great Fire of 1666 destroyed much of the medieval core, but there are still remnants of the older historic fabric. A major rebuilding program occurred in the decades after the war. Some areas retained the older character of smaller buildings, but in others, street patterns and the size of buildings were changed.

In the mid-seventeenth century, London’s population had reached more than 500,000. In 1130, King Henry I granted the people of London control over the county of Middlesex. The county was then divided into 29 electoral units, which were governed by a London County Council. In 1888, the county was regarded as part of the City of London.

The modern City of London is made up of twenty-five wards, each represented by an alderman. These wards choose the Lord Mayor, who is in turn chosen by the Common Hall, the council’s administrative body. The Corporation also has responsibilities for land outside the city’s boundaries. The City of London is also a police authority. The Metropolitan Police Service is based in New Scotland Yard, while the Hampstead Heath Constabulary is also run by the City of London.

The current Lord Mayor is Vincent Keaveny. The city has a rich heritage and many fine Victorian and Edwardian buildings. A landmark is the Mansion House, which is the official residence of the Lord Mayor. The city’s oldest church, St Paul’s Cathedral, dominates the skyline. In the sixteenth century, the city was governed by a council of sheriffs, which is now replaced by a Commission of Lieutenancy. A fantastic read

Point of Interest #1 Princess Louise, 208 High Holborn, London WC1V 7EP

Point of Interest #2 London Graphic Centre, 16-18 Shelton St, London WC2H 9JL

Point of Interest #3 Prince Edward Theatre, Old Compton St, London W1D 4HS

Driving Directions TO Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons From Prince Edward Theatre

Unlike many cities, London does not possess a single dominant architectural style. Its eclectic mix of styles has shaped its unique character. However, each generation has brought its own design ideals to the city. It has also been host to some of the most influential twentieth-century architects.

The Industrial Revolution, which began in the early 19th century, created new building types. It also spawned the development of a wealth of different styles of detached and semi-detached housing. These include Neoclassical, Imperial Gothic, and Neo-Gothic. Each of these styles conveyed the impact of the city’s history. A few of these buildings still exist. In fact, the oldest houses in central London, begun in 1597, are timber-framed structures. More about

The Neo-Classical movement, which was a reaction to the heavy ornamentation of Baroque, became popular in large building projects in the city. Its popularity remained in the twentieth century. One of the most prominent proponents was Sir Edwin Lutyens. During the period of the Edwardian era, developments such as the Admiralty Arch were designed to create an image of pageantry and imperial splendor. These buildings are now a reminder of the city’s rich heritage. Among other notable structures are the Banqueting House, Whitehall, and the Ritz Hotel on Piccadilly.

The Industrial Revolution had a dramatic effect on the city of London. It led to new infrastructure, including the construction of railways. These railways transformed the city, providing a direct connection to the rest of Britain. In addition, the London Underground was inaugurated in 1863. In the following years, several great rail termini were built, such as the London and Greenwich Railway and the Metropolitan Railway.

A key element of the Victorian era was the creation of a broad range of shapes and decorations. This was achieved by the use of a cut-and-cover method, which involved digging a trench and filling it with earth. A number of timber-framed houses survived the Great Fire of 1666. The next major development was the construction of terraced houses. The Inner Temple is an example of this. The brick-arched roof of the Baker Street tube station is a reminder of the original underground station architecture.

During the Georgian era, William Kent, Robert Adam, and James Gibbs were prominent architects. Their structures included the Queen’s House, Greenwich, which was finished in 1633. The Queen’s House is a conservative Palladian design. Other structures during this period include Westminster Abbey, which was rebuilt in the 13th century. Its Gothic Revival elements are similar to those found in French Cathedrals.

The Victorian period witnessed the introduction of Neo-Classical and Imperial Gothic styles to financial institutions. Banks such as the Bank of England and the Royal Courts of Justice were built in these styles. It was also a time when the city of London reconstructed its docks and remodeled its docks, which are now becoming trendy neighborhoods. The Industrial Revolution also led to the emergence of a new form of architecture in London, a style known as Neo-Gothic. This type of architecture was contemporaneous with Romanticism. The construction of new churches was also done in this style, particularly those in the City of Westminster. Next blog post

Point of Interest #1 John Lewis & Partners, 300 Oxford St, London W1C 1DX

Point of Interest #2 James J. Fox, 87-135 Brompton Rd, London SW1X 7XL

Point of Interest #3 The Champion, 12-13 Wells St, London W1T 3PA

Driving Directions TO Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons From The Champion

Whether you’re looking to party with the locals or enjoy a more sophisticated night out, London has a wide variety of options to suit all tastes and budgets. From riverside pubs to nightclubs, from immersive theatre to bat walks, you’ll be sure to find something to pique your interest. For a unique nighttime activity, spend an evening at the Houses of Parliament. This is a historic institution that often works overtime. Visitors can participate in the Ceremony of the Keys, which involves secret passwords, military music, and Beefeaters. There’s also the more modern nighttime option of walking along the eerie Jack the Ripper Ghost Walk. Check this out

The Tower of London is one of the most iconic sites in the city, but it’s not for the faint of heart. This historical landmark has served many purposes throughout its history. You can climb to the top of the Tower to get a spectacular view of the city or opt for an exclusive nighttime tour. The Tower of London has also been a prison and is home to the famous Jack the Ripper.

Another historical venue that offers a great nighttime experience is the Royal Opera House. This world-class opera house hosts live performances by world-class opera stars. You can also visit the Prince Charles Cinema, which shows popular movies. If you’re looking for a more posh dining option, visit Bang Bang Oriental, which is an excellent food hall in north London. It’s home to 27 kiosks serving up top-notch Asian cuisine.

The 100 Club is another fascinating London nighttime activity. This club has an exclusive viewing platform on the 72nd floor that offers a panoramic view of the city. You can even stay there as long as you like. There are several museums and galleries in London that are open late. The Science Museum, for instance, has fun interactive events. You can also check out the London Eye and the Illuminated River installation. These are free to enter. You can also explore a few London landmarks at night. The London Eye is a famous landmark, but you can also take a nighttime flight to see the Shard and Tower Bridge. You can also check out the Illuminated River, which features illuminated bridges and the iconic London Eye.

For more fun, try the London Dungeon. This attraction is a real-life haunted attraction, and it’s a good way to learn about the city’s darker past. This interactive attraction has fun games and events, and a few of them are designed for children. Other nightlife activities in London include visiting the Science Museum, the British Museum, and the Victoria and Albert Museum. These institutions also host fun events for kids and adults alike. There are even a few museums that offer free tours. The West End is a vibrant art and talent district of London. The area is home to numerous live music venues, as well as an extensive selection of clubs. It’s also home to many quaint bakeries and small cafes. There’s also a good chance you’ll be able to catch a show at the infamous Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club. Next article

Point of Interest #1 The Blue Posts, 28 Rupert St, London W1D 6DJ

Point of Interest #2 The Newman Arms, 23 Rathbone St, London W1T 1NG

Point of Interest #3 Opera London Club, 37 Duke St, London W1U 1LN

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Whether you are a first-time visitor or an old hand, London has many things to offer. However, there are some key times when you can get the best of the city. The best times to visit London vary by season. Some of the most popular times to visit are summer, autumn and winter. If you are planning to attend a special event, it is advisable to schedule your trip at the appropriate time. Learn more

While the weather in London can be unpredictable, there are plenty of attractions you can enjoy in any season. If you are planning to visit in the middle of the year, you will find that the temperatures are mild and the crowds are manageable. Although the weather in winter can be a bit drizzly, the city will still offer a variety of things to see and do.

If you want to avoid the crowds, you might want to plan your trip during the shoulder months of spring and fall. These months have slightly cooler temperatures but still offer plenty of sunlight. There are fewer visitors, and the prices are lower. You will also be able to enjoy the brighter colors of the season. There are a few special events that happen in London throughout the year, including the Trooping of the Colour, the Notting Hill Carnival, and the Olympic Games. The Trooping of the Colour is a military parade held during the month of June. The Notting Hill Carnival celebrates London’s West Indian community. Other fun activities include a scavenger hunt and a Christmas pudding run.

One of the most memorable London events takes place on New Year’s Eve. The city puts on a spectacular fireworks show on the River Thames. Thousands of people attend this display. The London Eye will be running a show during this event. Another event to look out for is the Changing of the Guard ceremony. This is a must-see for those who are interested in the history of the city. In addition to the changing of the guard, you will be able to enjoy many other sights. Some of the best sites to see during this time of year include the Tower of London, the Natural History Museum, and the Tower of London. You can often pre-book tickets months in advance for these shows, making them a nice addition to your vacation.

The London Eye is one of the most famous London attractions and you can usually get a ticket month in advance. It is a great way to enjoy London’s skyline without being in the thick of the crowds. The Truman Brewery is another London attraction that is home to an impressive assortment of live music and coffee-based cocktails. The venue also has the distinction of being the oldest in the U.K. If you’re interested in seeing some other London landmarks, you should take a ride on an open-top bus or take a scenic boat tour.

The most impressive time to visit London is during the winter, though there are some other cool months to consider as well. May brings flowers, and there are many flower shows and open-air theatres to attend. The warmer days can be great for slow walks through the city’s many treasures. Next blog post

Point of Interest #1 The Apple Market, 21, The Market Building, London WC2E 8RD

Point of Interest #2 The University of London Worldwide, 32 Russell Square, London WC1B 5DN

Point of Interest #3 The Top Secret Comedy Club, 170 Drury Ln, London WC2B 5PD

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Located at the tip of the Thames River, London is one of the oldest cities in the world. The city is home to the Royal Opera House, one of the world’s most famous theatres, and the British Museum, which contains artifacts from all cultures. It is also a popular tourist destination. Today, millions of people visit London every year. Most tourists are drawn to the West End, where many of the famous theatres are located.

The industrial revolution of the eighteenth century began in England and spread to other parts of Europe. It led to the growth of factories and the creation of demand for workers in urban areas. Since then, London has been one of the world’s leading centers of trade and commerce. The Bank of England is located in the City of London, which is the main financial center of the country. The City is divided into three main sections, each with its own distinctive characteristics. More about

The city’s famous red double-decker buses are a symbol of the city’s public transportation system. The London subway system was the first in the world. It is also the world’s oldest underground railway. During the Second World War, the city was heavily bombed by the Nazis, resulting in the death of over 30,000 people. The Great Plague of 1665 killed a fourth of the city’s population. In the 1970s, the inner city’s population decreased by 20 percent. It’s important to note that while London is the oldest of the megacities, it isn’t the only one. There are several other European megacities, including Paris, Moscow, and Munich.

The number of megacities around the world is increasing. According to the United Nations, there will be more than 41 by 2030. By 2050, two-thirds of the population of the planet will live in urban areas. However, rapid growth can create traffic congestion and slums. In the case of London, the infrastructure will be stretched too thin. A megacity is defined as an urban area with a population of at least 10 million. There are many different criteria that determine whether a city qualifies as a megacity. A few of the most important factors are economic and political conditions. There are also climatic and social issues to consider. In addition, there are some other benefits of a megacity. They can help to improve pollution, sustainability, and biodiversity.

The most obvious benefits of a megacity are its ability to generate wealth, create jobs, and enhance human progress. These are especially true in developed countries. It is estimated that the world’s population will grow from 7.3 billion in 2015 to 8.6 billion in 2050. As a result, more and more of the world’s wealth is moving to metropolitan areas. As the capital of the United Kingdom, London is the UK’s economic and political center. Foreign investment is pouring into the city like never before. The Bank of England is located in the city, and the value of the British pound sterling is determined there. The Bank controls the country’s money supply. Next article

Point of Interest #1 Liberty London, Regent St., Carnaby, London W1B 5AH

Point of Interest #2 District, 7 Ponton Rd, Nine Elms, London SW11 7DN

Point of Interest #3 Mansion House, Walbrook, London EC4N 8BH

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Whether you are planning a vacation to London for the first time or you have visited the city many times before, there are certain things you should know before you go. There are many different things to do and see in the capital, and you want to make sure that you have an itinerary in place so you can spend as much time as possible exploring the sights and attractions that make it such a fascinating city. Check this out

While the Tower of London is a must-see, you should also look at other areas of the city. The West End, for instance, is a great area to check out as well. There is a lot of nightlife here, and it is the ideal place to check out a few bars and clubs while you’re there. If you are interested in seeing some of the world’s most famous artifacts, the British Museum is a great option. It has around 8 million pieces of art, and visitors can often spend a long time in the initial galleries.

Another must-see in the city is the changing of the guard. It’s a good idea to check the schedule before you head out because the timing isn’t always consistent. One of the best ways to see the city is to take the subway or Tube. This is a quick and efficient way to get around the city, and it’s cheap as well. To use the system, you’ll need a Visitor Oyster Card, which costs 5 pounds. If you haven’t already purchased one, you can do so online before your trip. It will allow you to make multiple trips to the city on the same day, saving you money.

You may not have heard of the Portobello Road Market before, but it’s one of the best antique markets in the world. It’s located in Notting Hill, a trendy neighborhood of London, and the area is famous for its colorful Victorian townhouses and cobblestone streets. If you’re looking to have a nice dinner, there are many pubs and restaurants in the city. If you’re looking for something more unique, you might try a curry or fish and chips. While there are many places to enjoy a meal in the city, it’s a good idea to have a full English breakfast before you set out for the day. In addition, most London hotels offer a free breakfast.

The Tube is a good way to see the city, as it’s cheap and efficient, and you can even get a free smartphone app that will help you navigate your way around the city. You’ll also be able to find some of the city’s best hotels, from budget hostels to luxurious boutique hotels. While you’re in London, you should consider making a visit to Trafalgar Square. This is a great spot to admire the architecture and statues, and it’s also home to a large number of pigeons. You’ll need to plan ahead, though, as this place is popular with tourists. A great post

Point of Interest #1 St Paul’s Cathedral, St. Paul’s Churchyard, London EC4M 8AD
Point of Interest #2 The Science Museum, Exhibition Rd, South Kensington, London SW7 2DD
Point of Interest #3 Jak’s Cafe, 77 Walton St, London SW3 2HT

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Whether you are visiting for the first time or you are a London aficionado, there are some things that you should know. These will ensure that you do not miss out on the best of the city. In fact, these tips will even save you money. The most obvious tip is to dress appropriately. You don’t want to be walking around in a heavy coat or rain boots, but you should also avoid exposing your skin too much. The sun can be brutal in London, so it is best to wear lightweight waterproof shoes. Learn more

London is an enormous city, so it makes sense to get a good feel for the area where you are staying. There are some great neighborhoods in the city, such as Notting Hill and Chelsea, which are less touristy and more authentic. You should also explore areas like Chinatown, Little Venice, and the Borough Market. These are neighborhoods that will give you a taste of London’s diverse culture.

The city is big, so it’s important to keep your schedule in mind. You’ll find it easiest to visit attractions on the weekends, so make sure to plan your days accordingly. On the other hand, you’ll also find that the city is very hectic during rush hour, so it’s best to avoid the tube during these times. There are several things you should do in London, but the most important is to keep yourself out of the traffic. You should also avoid the tube during peak hours, namely 7:30 am – 9:30 am and 5-7 pm. Trying to get from one part of the city to another can take well over an hour. If you’re in a hurry, you might want to consider taking a cab. Unlike in the US, taxi drivers don’t accept cash.

You should also avoid making the same mistake as many other tourists. Although the London Tube has escalators, you should stand on the right side of the escalator. Using the left side may lead to a bit of huffing from locals, so be mindful of your surroundings.
In addition, you should use pennies as your currency. They are used widely in London. The Oyster card is a useful alternative to paying for each trip on the tube.

The best way to check out London’s many sights is to walk. If you don’t have a car, you should consider the Tube or the bus. In either case, you should always buy an Oyster card before you board. This is a better way to travel since you’ll be able to save money by not paying for each ride.
The city is huge, and it can be hard to navigate the complexities of the transportation system. You should therefore plan out your itinerary before you arrive. A great place to start is to pick a few attractions and then work your way from there. If you’re visiting during the winter, you should try to head north for some snowy escapades. A fantastic read

Point of Interest #1 Chancery Lane, High Holborn, London WC1V 6DR
Point of Interest #2 Strand Post Office, Queensland House, 393 Strand, London WC2R 0LT
Point of Interest #3 London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton St, London WC2A 2AE

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Choosing the cheapest way to travel in London may seem like an impossible task, but the truth is that there are several ways to get around in the city without breaking the bank. The main mode of transportation in London is the tube or the London Underground. It is the quickest way to get around and is also the cheapest way to get around. Click here 

There are several ways to pay for public transport, but one of the easiest is to use an Oyster card. You will need to purchase an Oyster card before traveling. You will need to make a deposit on the card, but it will then be refunded once you return the card. This is a great option for tourists, as you will be able to save 50% on single tickets.

Another good option is to hire a black cab. Although these can be expensive, they are also convenient. You can find these at many major airports, including Heathrow and Gatwick. This is the cheapest form of transportation if you are traveling in a group. However, black taxis are not accepted on the Oyster card, so you will need to purchase a ticket separately. If you have an Oyster card, you can travel on the bus and train, and also enjoy a few attractions.

You can also take a Hop on Hop off the bus. These buses visit several main attractions in the city. They are more expensive than standard buses, but they are very convenient. You will get commentary on the bus, and you can visit many of the sites that are listed on the hop-on hop-off map. If you buy a ticket online, you can make your reservation at a time that suits you. For the ultimate convenience, consider using a contactless card. This means that you will be able to avoid having to wait for a ticket, and you will also have a daily cap on the amount that you can spend.

You can also try renting a car. This is the best way to go if you plan to visit multiple areas of the city. The advantage to doing this is that you can access a variety of attractions along the way, and you can also find cheaper chain hotels. If you are planning a trip to London, you will want to use the TFL Journey Planner. This is a website that compares the best way to get around the UK. This site is free to download and can help you plan your journeys. It also allows you to see the cost of your travel and can alert you to any changes in the bus route.

The best way to make sure that you have the best time to travel is to plan in advance. The most popular attractions are often included on passes, and if you buy a pass in advance, you will be able to save money. You can also visit London during a festival, such as the New Year’s Day Parade, or the Notting Hill Carnival. Browse next article 

Point of Interest #1 The Truman Brewery, 91 Brick Ln, London E1 6QR
Point of Interest #2 Whistles, 44-46 Brushfield St, London E1 6AG
Point of Interest #3 Royal Vauxhall, 372 Kennington Ln, London SE11 5HY

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Whether you are a tourist or a local, London is the place to be for fun things to do outdoors. You can visit outdoor festivals, take a boat cruise, play crazy golf or visit a rooftop bar. These are just some of the fun activities you can do in London during summer. If you are looking for the perfect spot for an alfresco lunch or dinner, London has plenty of restaurants and cafes. The city has plenty of parks and green spaces as well. For example, Hampstead Heath has one of the best views of London. The park is open 365 days a year and offers a range of sports facilities, such as an open lido, butterfly house, zoo, and playground. The park is free to enter and is located four miles from Trafalgar Square. Learn more.

If you’re looking for some family fun, the Serpentine Lido in Hyde Park is ideal. The Lido has a special kids’ paddling pool, as well as row and pedal boats for hire. You can also book a ride on the Serpentine River. If you want to explore the city, take a self-guided walking tour. There are many options to choose from, such as a riverside walk in North Woolwich, a sculpture trail at Primrose Hill, or a walk along the London Eye.

During the summer months, London has a range of rooftop bars. Some of them are heated, meaning you can enjoy a drink or meal in a comfortable setting. Other rooftop bars have games and heated huts, allowing you to play while enjoying a panoramic view of the city. There are also a number of fun things to do outdoors in London during the winter months. If you’re a fan of ice skating, there are plenty of rinks in the center of the city. You can also join a guided bicycle tour. For a more unique experience, try the official Sherlock live game. You can solve clues, play detective, and have a drink at the same time. You can also enjoy a s’mores picnic on a campfire.

If you’re interested in food, you can visit The Hackney Social, a black-owned business. You can also head to Chinatown to see Chinese decorations. This area is also home to some of the best food hotspots in the city. You can visit a variety of restaurants and cafes, including the Crate Brewery, The Crooked Billet, and The People’s Park Tavern. You can even head to the Windsor Great Outdoors. There are numerous outdoor markets and festivals during the summer and winter.
If you’re looking for a more adventurous activity, consider going to the Go Ape outdoor activity center. It’s suitable for children aged 10 and up and includes a climb suit, safety harness, and shoes. The outdoor activity center is also ideal for adults, offering an urban jungle experience. The center is spread out over three locations. There are also a few fun things to do outdoors in London during the Chinese New Year. You can visit the World Wildlife Trust’s Wetland Centre in Barnes. During the festival, you can watch lion dances and participate in some traditional Chinese food. In addition, the city’s many open-air cinemas offer great viewing. Next blog post

Point of Interest #1 Home Office, 2 Marsham St, London SW1P 4DF
Point of Interest #2 Spencer House, 27 St James’s Pl, St. James’s, London SW1A 1NR
Point of Interest #3 London Bridge, London EC4R 9HA

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Getting on your bike is a great way to explore the city, but before you begin, there are some basic rules to follow. Using these tips, you can feel confident on your bike and have a safe and enjoyable ride. Wearing a helmet is a must. If you don’t, you could end up suffering a life-changing injury or worse. Cycling is one of the fastest and most inexpensive ways to get around London. There are also health benefits to be had by cycling, including lower blood pressure and increased cardiovascular fitness. So why not give it a try?

If you are new to cycling in London, it may be scary at first. But the more you practice, the more comfortable you’ll become. Start small with short rides and then build up to longer trips. It’s best to make eye contact with the people you pass, and don’t rush. Learn more.

Before you start your cycle journey, it’s a good idea to have a map of the area in which you’ll be riding. This will ensure you don’t get lost and will also allow you to memorize your routes. You can use Google Maps to help you. You can also invest in headphones so you can hear your directions better.
Ideally, you should find a route that is quiet and preferably segregated. This will help you to avoid motorised vehicles and will also mean you can go faster. This will also reduce your risk of being hit by a car. You should also avoid riding on pavements, as this is considered to be an accident-prone route. The law in the UK is that cyclists who ride on the road must wear a helmet. You should also consider having cycle insurance.

If you are in Central London, you can expect to see a lot of traffic, but it’s still relatively safe. You should be aware that many roads are one-way. Be careful when cycling through red lights and at junctions. The speed limit is 20mph, and if there are lorries on the road, you should be sure to leave room for them. If you get hit by a lorry, you will be at fault.

If you aren’t comfortable riding on the roads, there are plenty of other ways to get around the city. Renting a Jump Bike, for instance, is a good option for beginners. You can also check out Bike Shops London for a list of local bike shops in London. You can also buy a good lock to keep your bike secure.

You can also use cycle SuperHighways for a fast and easy commute across the city. These routes are especially helpful for sightseeing. They are usually quieter routes, and you will have spectacular views of the Thames. They will also help you to avoid busy roads. There are plenty of places in London that have dedicated cycling infrastructure. These include Cycle SuperHighways, which run from Stratford to Westminster, and the Thames Path National Trail. A great post can be found here.

Point of Interest #1 St Pancras International, Euston Rd, London N1C 4QP
Point of Interest #2 Mildreds Soho, 45 Lexington St, Carnaby, London W1F 9AN
Point of Interest #3 Royal Albert Hall, South Kensington, London SW7 2AP

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Located in central London, the Wellcome Collection Museum is a health and art museum that features collections of artwork, medical objects, and images. Visitors can also find a library, cafe, and conference facilities. It is a popular attraction that is free to enter. Children can learn about life, art, and science through interactive displays and exhibits. This museum is famous for its “Medicine Man” gallery, which features health-themed art from around the world. The gallery also includes anatomical models in wood and wax. The gallery has an apothecary-style cabinet with panels and extra information.

The Wellcome Collection offers a variety of temporary and permanent exhibitions. There are also interactive and educational exhibitions that teach kids about life, space, and engineering. They also have a Young Explorer’s Kit for 5 to 10-year-olds. Using geospatial technologies and an app, you can explore the collection in augmented reality. You can use the app to find fun activities and creative experiments in the galleries. There are also demonstrations, quizzes, and games.

The Reading Room is open to the public and hosts a changing program of exhibitions and events. You can browse the archive, which contains photos, letters, and personal papers. You can purchase books, magazines, and journals from the Wellcome Library, or view their collection of manuscripts. There are also workshops, discussions, and other activities that take place here. You can visit the library anytime. Learn more

The Wellcome Collection’s most notable exhibitions are about Human Anatomy. The latter is a well-designed gallery with interactive displays and interesting artworks, displaying 17th-century wooden anatomical models. The apothecary-style cabinet contains panels made of the same wood as the walls. The cabinet also includes a replica of Sir Henry’s life mask. The most impressive feature of this display is its ability to provide additional information. Among its more striking achievements are its permanent holdings of over a million objects relating to medical history and culture. It has also received commissions from a wide variety of artists, including Andy Warhol and Damien Hirst. 

The last rotating exhibition was “Rooted Beings” which explored the human experience in relation to climate change. The building also has a full-scale replica of an Apollo laser ranging reflectometer, which invites you to take pictures in front of the display. The gallery is also home to firefighting helmets from the Great London Fire. The building has been refurbished as part of a 2015 renovation. You can check the website to stay up to date with the latest exhibitions.

The Wellcome Collection Museum is a unique destination that combines artistic interpretation with the medical discoveries of its founder, Sir Henry Wellcome. The collection includes more than 250,000 objects, with a focus on the collision of life, art, and medicine. The museum is located on Euston Road, close to the Euston train station. The museum is run by the Wellcome Trust, which is one of the world’s leading medical charities. A museum is a place where you can discover stories about health and science, and how they affect people.

The Wellcome Collection is the best place in London to get a taste of history and culture while snooping around a library full of original artworks. The museum is also close to London’s most famous attractions, making it a popular place for tourists. Next blog post

Located in the heart of the former Brooklands racetrack, Brooklands Museum is a hands-on and interactive place to discover the history of British motorsport and aviation. It is also the home of Concorde, Britain’s first production jet aircraft. It is a family-friendly venue that hosts events throughout the year. Visitors can enjoy a range of special events at the museum, including family workshops, motor-event days, and test hill action. It is also a great place to see a variety of historic and modern vehicles, such as cars and motorcycles.

The museum is also home to the largest collection of ex-London Transport buses. There is also an award-winning Brooklands Aircraft Factory, which features displays of aircraft from throughout history. There are interactive screens that enable visitors to design a virtual aircraft. They can learn about metal jointing and bending, as well as see the different types of metal used. Click for more info

Its fascinating collection of aircraft and vehicles makes it a must-see for aviation enthusiasts. One of the most impressive features of the museum is its extensive collection of vintage and modern cars, aircraft, motorcycles, and other forms of transport. Visitors can tour the restored Concorde G-BBDG or visit the museum’s 4D theatre, which allows guests to take part in experiences with the Red Arrows and Mike Hawthorn. Alternatively, they can sit in a real Concorde passenger seat and take a virtual ‘flight’ through a supersonic icon. Other activities include a bike ride along the historic banked racetrack, pedal planes and the opportunity to test drive a McLaren F1 simulator. There’s also a soft play area for younger children. The museum also offers a free bus service.

The museum is also home to many costumed characters who bring the history of Brooklands to life. Costumed replicas of classic Brooklands vehicles can be seen around the grounds. They include models of horses inside cargo planes. They have also been restored to their original 1920s appearance. It has an extensive collection of vehicles, including a 4-D theatre, a ‘Scope’ simulator, and a 1-in-4 race track. You can even take a ride along the historic banked racetrack. A number of exhibitions have been created to commemorate the centenary of British motoring, including the ‘first’ car to win the Grand Prix.

Another fantastic feature is the Brooklands Motor Circuit, which is a former hub for motor racing specialists. It is a 32-acre site and has a number of impressive attractions, such as a banked race track, a simulator, and a range of airplanes. The Circuit is also host to a variety of themed events, such as Italian classics, and motorbike days. The museum is also home to the first Concorde to fly 100 people at a record speed of Mach 2. It is one of the world’s most famous and iconic aircraft and the only Concorde with public access in southeast England. Participants can also see a short film about the restoration project, at an extra cost. You’ll also find an impressive range of aircraft at the museum, from early models to a World War II flying bomber. The Imperial War Museum is also a good place to visit, with exhibits highlighting the impact of war on British lives.

If you are a fan of movies, the London Film Museum is a fun, family-friendly venue. You can see a James Bond car, as well as an old Ford Anglia. There are plenty of interactive displays to keep the whole family entertained, and a cinema featuring 3D Imax films to keep you busy. This is a wonderful venue for a family day out in London, and you’ll find a wealth of information to enthrall children.

You can also learn more about Brooklands’ history and aviation pioneers by attending one of the museum’s many talks and courses. It has a huge range of aviation exhibits, including the world’s first purpose-built motor racing circuit. It is and is easily accessible by train or bus. If you’re planning to visit, make sure you download the museum’s Trail Guide first. This will tell you which of the attractions to visit. Next article

Located just a stone’s throw from Waterloo station, the Imperial War Museum (IWM) is a great place to visit for both families and military buffs. There are several different exhibitions to choose from, including the Holocaust, a First World War exhibition, and the Cold War. The building that houses the Imperial War Museum is the former Bethlem Royal Hospital. The museum took over the building in 1936. Today, the Imperial War Museum is a corporate headquarters for the Imperial Institute, as well as a museum. Its initial remit was to teach people about the causes of the First World War. However, it has since expanded its mission to include all of the conflicts that have impacted the globe in the past century.

Founded in 1917, the Imperial War Museum London is a fascinating place to visit. Millions of visitors come to the museum each year. The majority are school groups that visit to learn about the two world wars. There are displays of the history of military technology and weapons as well as personal accounts of the people who experienced war. In addition to these exhibits, the museum also holds a sizeable collection of art and film related to the First and Second World Wars. A significant proportion of the museum’s holdings are official photos of the military taken during the wars. The oldest exhibits at the museum relate to Victoria Cross winners and the Holocaust.

In addition to the main museum, visitors can visit the Tea Room, which is open during school holidays. The cafe offers a wide selection of drinks, and a terrace for visitors to enjoy. During the busier periods, walk-ups are allowed, but the wait can be a bit long. The museum is closed on the 24th, 25th, and 26th of December. Check this out

The Imperial War Museum has recently released concept sketches for new galleries that will open in 2021, related to a vivid narrative of the war and the Holocaust, and will draw heavily on personal stories. Rather than focusing on the enemy, the Imperial War Museum tends to focus on the British and Commonwealth forces involved, with large pieces of artifacts and uniforms. It portrays British soldiers as innocent bystanders trying to maintain the peace. The main blurb for the post-second world war section ignores history. The first section of the museum depicts two pairs of soldiers shaking hands through a ‘wall of prejudices’. The image is a subtle question of how anonymous masses consented to war.

The museum is divided into a number of galleries. Each section includes smaller artifacts, as well as larger ones. For instance, the first gallery has an exhibit on the early phases of the war. It includes information on the rise of the Nazis and the Munich agreement. There is also an example of chemical warfare. Other sections include the Falklands War and the Gulf War of 1991.

A major new addition to the museum is the Harrier jump jet, a key aircraft in the Falklands War. It is also the largest new exhibit. This aircraft is not a replica but is actually one of the original models used in Afghanistan. It is on loan from the United States. It is accompanied by a small, interactive display. This is the most moving part of the exhibit. The exhibition also includes a section about the psychological effects of war on soldiers.

The Imperial War Museum is also home to the Churchill War Rooms. The building is adjacent to the Imperial Institute in South Kensington. The Imperial War Museum is open daily from 10 am to 6 pm. The busiest time to visit is during the afternoon. Tickets are free, so there is no reason not to visit. This museum contains a variety of miniature weapons, including a listening device and a camera. There are also suitcases that contain secret compartments. These items are a great way to get a glimpse into how everyday life was lived during times of conflict. There are also displays of military hardware, as well as a section on British Special Forces. In addition, there is an exhibit on the history of espionage. The museum has a smattering of original artifacts, as well as a Spitfire fighter that is linked to the Battle of Britain section.

The Imperial War Museum is a national institution that seeks to convey the reality of war. It is intended to strengthen images of the nation’s collective experience. The museum was created during wartime and was envisaged as a memorial. The committee also envisaged the museum as a place for historians and technicians to study. The first Commissioner of Works spoke at the opening ceremony. He referred to the museum as a record of sacrifice for the people of the Empire. It was meant to serve as a national war memorial. A fantastic read.

Located next to the Tower of London, Tower Bridge is one of the most iconic landmarks in London. It is a bascule and suspension bridge, spanning the River Thames. It was built to provide better access to the east end of the city. Visitors to the Tower Bridge can take a walk across the River Thames or go for a ride on the bridge.

Tower Bridge offers a variety of tours that will give you a better understanding of the history and operation of the iconic structure. There are five different tours, including a family tour, a private evening tour, and a tour that takes visitors below the surface of London Bridge. During each of these tours, a qualified guide will explain the structure’s history and purpose. The tour of the Engine Rooms is a great way to learn about the Victorian engineering of the structure. You will also see the Victorian Bascules that still operate the bridge lifts today.

During your visit to Tower Bridge in London, you’ll enjoy panoramic views of the city. During your tour of the famous landmark, you’ll also learn about the history of the structure and see the Victorian Engine Rooms. One of the most impressive features of the bridge is the glass floor that stretches down to the river. This allows you to have a look down 42 meters below. Besides the glass floor, the exhibition offers you several high-level Walkways, allowing you to get a good view of the city. The engine rooms, which powered the elevators of the Tower, are also on display. You can also check out the ornamental bronze plaques in honor of those who made it possible. Check this page.

The tours are only two hours long and include access to areas that are not normally accessible to visitors. These guided tours are not offered every day, however, so it’s best to plan ahead. The guide will explain the purpose and history of the tower and will give you an up-close look at some of the most important highlights. You can also check out the Tower Bridge website to find out more about the history and construction of the bridge. You can also purchase tickets in advance online.

You can also visit the Tower Bridge Experience, which is located in the towers of the bridge. This experience offers you panoramic views of the city and has interactive displays. You’ll be able to learn about the history of the bridge, as well as the engineering involved in its construction. The experience is best suited for children aged six to ten. The walk of fame is a homage to some of the people who made it possible to build the tower. There are plaques commemorating these individuals on the walkway.

There are multiple ways to access the Bridge and find information about it. You can also download the Tower Bridge app for free, which provides information about the construction of the bridge as well as other fun activities you can do while you’re there. The app also features an animated video of the lifts. The Tower Bridge pass includes a ticket to the Victorian Engine Rooms, along with access to the Exhibition. If you’re looking for a more comprehensive Tower Bridge experience, you can book a private tour that is tailored to your needs. The tour will be led by a qualified guide and will keep you at a comfortable pace for little ones. It’s a great way to enjoy a fun-filled day with the family.

For a more immersive experience, the Tower Bridge has a Glass Floor, which allows you to take a look at the River Thames below you. This provides you with incredible views of London. There are also high-level observation walkways. You can take photos of the structure during your visit. However, there are certain times during the day when the glass floor is not accessible. If you want to take a photo of the bridge, you should arrive at least 15 minutes before the scheduled raising time. Next article

Among the most beautiful and iconic pieces of London design, Millennium Bridge is a masterpiece. Located on the north bank of the Thames, the bridge links St. Paul’s Cathedral on the north and the Tate Modern and Shakespeare’s Globe on the south. Whether you are traveling to London or are already a local, you should take the time to visit Millennium Bridge. It is one of the most impressive sights in the city. The bridge has been featured in several movies. It is a great way to see the London skyline, as well as the surrounding area.

The first thing to know about the Millennium Bridge is that it is not designed for vehicles. There are gentle ramps on both sides. The structure was designed to be able to accommodate over 5000 people at a time. The design was submitted in a competition run by the Southwark council. It wowed the judges with its ‘blade of light’ design. The other thing to know is that the bridge is open to the public seven days a week. There are a variety of activities to do while you are here. There are guided tours, as well as other forms of entertainment. You can even go shopping and enjoy a nice meal while you are here. Visit this page

There are also some interesting facts about the Millennium Bridge. One of them is that the bridge was actually built two months later than originally planned. Another is that it has a canted tower. It is also home to 400 chewing gum art pieces. These are colourful portraits of miniature people that you will not be able to spot from the street. The artwork is a form of recycling and is available for viewing every day of the year.

The Millennium Bridge was a huge hit when it first opened to the public in June 2000. In the first two days of its opening, 160,000 people walked across it. It is also a good place to go for some photo opportunities. During the winter, the bridge can get slippery. It is best to use sturdy walking shoes to cross the bridge.

It was designed with the intention of giving visitors a great view of the city’s landmarks. The structure is supported by eight suspension cables. These cables are pulled with 2,000 tons of force against piers inside the river. This bridge was the result of a design competition that was run by the Southwark council. Its ‘blade of light’ design wowed the judges. The bridge was partly funded by the Millennium Commission. It is considered one of the most beautiful bridges in the UK.

The Millennium Bridge is not only a structural masterpiece but is also one of the most beautiful pieces of London design. It is decorated with gorgeous lights that can be seen from a distance. It is a popular tourist attraction and is open 24 hours a day. The structure was constructed in three sections. The southern end is near Shakespeare’s Globe theater and the northern end is near the City of London School. The total length is over 300 meters. Is not the only bridge in the UK to carry the millennium name. There are six other bridges in the UK that share this name.

The artwork on the Millennium Bridge is also worth checking out. It’s a large-scale rotating exhibition that you can explore for free. There are also a number of other exhibits you may want to check out. The Armoury Museum, which is near the bridge, has a number of fascinating exhibits to see. The Armoury is a museum that preserves World War I weapons and other precious things. You will have to be very careful if you have a small child. The traffic in the area is very busy and can be difficult to navigate. You will need to plan ahead and pre-book parking in advance. You may also need to pay a small fee to park on the other side of the bridge.

It is also worth taking a look at the Millennium Bridge at night. If you are a fan of the Harry Potter movies, you will be glad to know that it was a filming location for the Hogwarts castle scene. The bridge is illuminated in a unique way, and it looks different at night. A major problem with the Millennium Bridge was the lateral motion it experienced. The engineers did not anticipate this. As a result, the engineers installed a dampening system. This system included 37 viscous dampers that stopped 97% of the movement. At night, the bridge’s deck is illuminated with fiberoptic lighting. The handrails are made from stainless steel. The bridge is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. A great place to also visit is


Visiting the Warner Bros Studio in London is a magical experience for fans of the Harry Potter films. There are many facilities available at the studio, where visitors can see props, costumes, and special effects used in the films, including a number of Harry Potter sets and props. There is a Digital Guide available for purchase that will show you the history of the studio and the magic that went into making the films. You can also see photographs of the film sets, as well as behind-the-scenes secrets.

The studio is open year-round. There are a number of tours available, with tickets ranging from just transport to full admission. There are even options that allow you to spend longer periods at the studio. If you are planning on visiting the studio, you will need to book in advance. You can purchase tickets online or at the studio. A visit is usually around three and a half hours, with some tours being much longer. It is recommended that you arrive at least twenty minutes before your ticketed time.

There is also a special effect green screen area. This is the area where you will be able to ride a flying Ford Anglia, pretend to drive a broomstick, and explore the office of Dumbledore. The green screen area is also home to the Lestrange Vault, which contains the Sword of Gryffindor. You will also be able to get a glimpse of the iconic ‘Dark Mark’. Browse around this site.

The tour is designed to be enjoyed by expert visitors, as well as by fans. It consists of a three-and-a-half-hour session in the film studios, where visitors learn about the films and see behind-the-scenes secrets. The session includes the making of Harry Potter, a walkthrough exhibition, and transport back to central London. There are also a number of cafes at the studio. These serve a variety of snacks and drinks, including hot and cold meals. There is also a bakery and food hall, as well as a Starbucks. Guests can also opt for a non-alcoholic Butterbeer.

There is a large model of the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, which was used for sweeping exterior shots. You will also be able to look at the Gringotts Wizarding Bank, which was used to film the opening scene of the first film. You will also be able to take pictures in all areas of the studio. The studio encourages guests to share photos with friends and family on social media.

The Warner Bros Studio in London is open seven days a week. However, the best time to visit is during the summer. The weather is always warm and sunny, so you can enjoy a day outdoors, without worrying about getting caught in the rain. There is also a special event in December, called Hogwarts in the Snow. This event is held at the studio, which is usually a very busy time. The studio is also open to wheelchair users.

If you would like to book a ticket for the studio tour, it is recommended that you do so at least a few months in advance. The tour sessions are limited, and times can fill up well in advance. Organized tours usually allow at least 20 minutes. The studio has a lot of facilities to keep visitors entertained, including four cafes. Each one serves snacks, hot and cold meals, and Starbucks coffee. You can also buy specialty ice cream and drinks. The studio also has a storytelling exhibit, which highlights nearly 100 years of Warner Bros. history. There are a number of props, costumes, and sets from the films. The displays are memorable and great photo opportunities. Discover the next article

Almost everyone knows about Big Ben. This iconic landmark is one of the most popular locations in the UK. It is a tower located near the Houses of Parliament. This 96-meter tower is surrounded by four clock faces. The clock face is illuminated all night long. It is located in the heart of the capital and can be spotted almost everywhere. The Clock Tower is the main focus of the countdown to the New Year in the UK. 

During your visit to Big Ben, you can do a number of activities. You can take a tour of the tower, learn more about its history, and even listen to the famous bell, enjoy a number of wonderful views of the city from the tower, and also watch the chiming of the clock and watch the fireworks explode in the clock tower at midnight. To take a tour of the Tower, you will need to book a six-month advance booking. You will then be escorted by a guide, and climb the 334 steps to the top of the tower.

When the Parliament is in session, the special light above the clock faces lights up. You will also see the flag outside the Victoria Tower flying. It is best to visit during the golden hour, which is just before dusk. This is when the gold sparkles and the bells and clocks are illuminated. You will then have the chance to take photos of the iconic bell. The chimes of the clock will also be broadcast to the whole country during New Year’s celebrations.
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The Houses of Parliament, which is next to Big Ben, was originally built as a royal palace by Henry VIII. In the late 18th century, the building was rebuilt by British architect Charles Barry in a Gothic revival style. After a fire in 1834, the building was restored to its former glory. It was then renamed Elizabeth Tower in honor of Queen Elizabeth II. During your visit to Big Ben, you should also check out the Palace of Westminster. This is the meeting place for both houses of the UK Parliament. There are plaques to commemorate historical events. There is also a statue of Winston Churchill on Parliament Square. Watch the Petitions Committee, which checks petitions directed to the Parliament. International visitors are allowed in the meetings.

You will not be able to tour the inside of the tower if you are not a resident of the United Kingdom. However, there are a number of tours to do outside the Elizabeth Tower that will give you a chance to learn more about the famous bell. You could take a walk along the streets surrounding the clock tower, you can go for a cruise, or ride the London Eye to view the landmark. You can also use the hop-on-hop-off bus to get there. There are several bus routes in the area, and all buses pass by the tower. You can also walk to Big Ben from Waterloo station or Embankment station. The nearest parking lot is at Great College Street, one-third mile away.

If you are planning on visiting Big Ben, you should also be aware of the refurbishment that is taking place. The restoration is part of the Great Clock project, which is working to repair and safeguard the clock. It is expected to last until late 2020 or early 2021. In addition to replacing the hands on the clock, the refurbishment includes repairing the cast iron framework and cleaning the four dials.
Each clock face is made of 312 sections of opal glass. The dials are 7 meters in diameter. They are lit using 28 85-watt bulbs. The lights tell a story of the UK’s Houses of Parliament.

Big Ben was being refurbished, which is why the clock will only chime on special occasions. It was renovated to a more energy-efficient design. The renovation was completed in 2021. The chimes of the Big Ben bell are broadcast by the British Broadcasting Corporation. This was done to avoid disruption during World War II. In 1923, the bell was also coordinated with the Royal Greenwich Observatory. The bell was named after Edward Bradbury, who was the First Commissioner of Works for the British Parliament. The chime of the bell is usually very accurate. However, in August of this year, the clock went silent. It was a precautionary measure to protect restoration workers. Big Ben is a great place to dive into the history of London. It has been voted the most iconic landmark in the United Kingdom. It is also the most Instagrammed location in the UK. You can also explore the tower on a tour. This is only available to residents of the United Kingdom. Next blog post

Located in central London, the Tower of London has a rich history and serves as a major tourist attraction. It was built as a fortress and later converted into a palace. It has served as a private home for kings and queens, a repository of government documents, etc. It is one of the most popular historical sites in the country and attracts two million visitors each year.

During your visit to Tower of London you can see one of the best ice rinks in the world, try to spot some of the most iconic British landmarks, and learn a little bit about the history of the tower. If you are a first-time visitor, you may want to consider taking the Tower of London’s free tour to learn more about the history of the fortress. The crown jewels of the tower were an important part of the history of the fortress, and they are still used by Queen Elizabeth II during national ceremonies. You can get a close look at the real crown jewels during your visit. There are over 23,000 gemstones that are displayed in the Tower of London, which is impressive. Visit this page.

The Tower is home to a number of museums. You can see the royal armors of the kings of England and Scotland from the past. There is also an exhibition of royal weapons. You can also visit the menagerie, which is home to statues of various animals. The statues are all interactive, so you can learn about the history of the creatures. There are many attractions to see, among them the Royal Armouries and the Line of Kings and includes armor worn by Charles I, James II, and Henry VIII. The fortress has been used as a prison and royal residence for over a thousand years. It was built as a castle by William the Conqueror in 1080, but it was later extended to deter foreign invasions.

The tower was heavily guarded, and it was known as the ‘White Tower. It was the tallest building in London when it was completed. It has beautiful doors and thick walls, and the inside of the tower contains a number of exhibitions such as the Royal Armouries, an exhibit that displays articles over 350 years old. You will find items such as royal armour worn by Henry VIII and Charles I. These tours are conducted by veteran military officers wearing a uniform of the same name. They are very informative and fun to watch.

The Tower of London is also famous for its ravens. These birds have been protected since Charles II. There are six ravens that guard the Tower. Among the most recognisable towers are the White Tower, Bloody Tower, and Salt Tower. The White Tower is the oldest part of the tower, and it is the most famous. You can walk to the top of the White Tower via internal stairs.

The most interesting thing about the Tower of London is the Crown Jewels. You can visit the official website and download materials to help you learn more about the Tower of London. You can also purchase tickets online, which saves you time. You can also use public transport to get to the Tower of London, which includes bus, train, and boat services.

Visitors can enjoy the site’s cafe, gift shops, and green spaces. The oldest military ceremony in the world, the ceremony of the keys, is held at the Tower of London. It is considered the most important and notable of the various military ceremonies that took place there. The Tower became a national symbol of royalty. It was used as a fortress, a palace, a prison, and a jewel house. Some of the most notorious episodes in British history occurred at the Tower. A remarkable discovery was made at the Tower in 1674. In 1674, a remarkable discovery was made at the White Tower. Two skeletons were found. They matched the age of the princes who disappeared. The bones were found in a wooden chest. When workmen opened the chest, they discovered the bones of children. Discover the next article

Located in the heart of London, the Cartoon Museum is home to a remarkable collection of comics, cartoons, and caricatures. Its collection is constantly being refreshed, and the museum also hosts a number of special exhibitions. In addition, there are a variety of educational workshops and events for children and adults. There is also a shop selling cartoon-related merchandise, as well as cards, posters, children’s books, and novelty gifts.

Interior room of Cartoon Museum of London

The exhibits at the Cartoon Museum feature over 4,000 original comics and caricatures. They are drawn from the UK’s comic art heritage, dating back over three hundred years. The museum features a wide variety of comics, including classics, political satires, and a range of social commentary. The museum also hosts special events and workshops. The Cartoon Museum is located at 35 Museum Street, WC1A 2HH. The Cartoon Museum opened in February 2006. The Cartoon Museum is a small, but important museum that preserves and displays the works of many British comic artists.
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What to Expect When You Visit The Cartoon Museum of London

The Cartoon Museum of London is dedicated to the history of British cartoons and comic art. There are many artists represented in the museum’s collection, including Steve Bell, George Cruickshank, John Leech, and many others. It’s the only museum in the UK devoted to original British cartoons, featuring several galleries that display cartoons from various genres. The museum’s aim is to promote comics as an art form and to help raise awareness of the genre. The museum offers a number of exhibitions, which explores the history of comic creations.

It is located in a historical building in the Bloombury area of London. Visitors will find the museum in a short walk from the British Museum and Holborn Tube station. It was opened in 2006. It is open to visitors on Tuesdays through Sundays, except for bank holidays. The Cartoon Museum features a wide range of exhibitions and workshops for adults and children, and there is also a shop that sells cartoon-related merchandise. The Cartoon Museum also offers adult courses, and children’s courses during half-term.

The Cartoon Museum features work from more than 300 artists since the 18th century. This includes original comic art, political cartoons, and work from the early days of British comics. It also features a timeline exhibit, which provides visitors with an interesting glimpse into the history of cartoon art. Cartoons are usually thought of as funny or amusing, but they can also be thought provoking and politically charged. The Cartoon Museum’s collection includes a variety of styles of sketching and drawing. The museum also houses a collection of social commentary comics. It is a great place for adults and children to visit, as there is something for everyone.

Among the Activities at The Cartoon Museum

The Cartoon Museum is free for children. Visitors can enjoy the exhibits on both floors of the building. There are also a number of special events and workshops for people of all ages. These workshops are aimed at encouraging young people to become more involved in the arts while enabling them to develop their artistic skills.

Upon entering the Cartoon Museum, visitors will be greeted by a bright, inviting reception space. The museum’s interior was designed by Sam Jacob Studio, which used the language of cartoons and comics as inspiration. The Cartoon Museum has two main gallery areas and an archive space. It also has a gift shop, where visitors can purchase souvenirs and novelty items featuring cartoon characters. The store’s profits go directly toward the museum. The library at the Cartoon Museum has an impressive collection of works from the golden age of caricatures and modern comics. The gift shop is filled with novelty items, including a large selection of reprints of classic cartoons and books.

The Cartoon Museum is located at 35 Museum Street, WC1A 2HH, and opened in February 2006. The Cartoon Museum is a small, but important museum, preserves, and displays the works of many British comic artists.
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You may be wondering, “Can an orthodontist clean my teeth?” Cleaning your teeth is an important part of good oral hygiene. It is designed to remove dental plaque from your teeth and help you avoid cavities, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. It is also an important part of maintaining good oral health, and one of the best ways to keep your teeth and gums healthy is to brush and floss at least twice per day.

Young man having teeth professionally cleaned

When you wear braces, you may have special needs that require special cleaning techniques. Powder polishing, which uses sodium bicarbonate and water, can be useful for cleaning around brackets and underwires. Traditional prophylaxis paste polishing is another good option. It uses special angled brushes that can clean around orthodontic wires. The paste can be flavored to make the experience more fun for younger patients. Check this out

Dental cleanings can be done by a dentist or by a dental hygienist. The process starts with a procedure called scaling, which removes plaque and tartar that forms around braces. Then, the dentist will floss your teeth and clean your gums. After that, they may even recommend a fluoride treatment. Depending on your orthodontic treatment, you may need to visit your dentist more often, but there’s no need to avoid your routine cleanings.

Regular dental cleanings are crucial for the smooth functioning of your orthodontic journey. It is recommended to schedule cleanings at least every six months. If you have braces, it may take longer to have your teeth cleaned than usual, but a professional cleaning is essential for preventing dental disease.

Cleaning your teeth with braces is not a fun process, and avoiding certain foods and beverages can prevent painful gums. By undergoing a professional cleaning, you can prevent gum disease and get rid of swollen gums. Additionally, the cleanings will also help prevent the teeth from becoming stained. If your teeth become stained, you can also ask a dentist for a whitening treatment.

The last step is fluoride treatment. This process protects your teeth against cavities for several months. It will be applied to your teeth by your dental hygienist. The process will involve placing either a sticky or foamy paste into your mouthpiece and letting it sit for a minute. Afterwards, a fluoride varnish is painted on your teeth with a small brush. This varnish hardens when in contact with saliva.

While cleaning your teeth with braces can be tricky, it is important to visit your dentist regularly. Your dentist can help you maintain your smile with regular cleanings. You should make a cleaning appointment twice per year for optimal oral health. It is also important to have a regular checkup, so it’s important to maintain a regular schedule with your orthodontist. And remember, you can always contact your dentist for any questions.

The dentist’s office will use a tool that rotates at a slow speed and a soft rubber cup on the end. This tool polishes your teeth while removing tartar and bacteria. The hygienist will load the cup with prophylaxis paste, and run the tool over your teeth, front and back.

You should also visit your dentist before getting braces. This appointment will ensure that your teeth are healthy and that your jaw is sturdy enough for your orthodontic treatment. Otherwise, braces can damage your teeth or gums. This is why your dentist will insist that you visit them before getting braces. They want to make sure you’re healthy and free of cavities and any faulty dental work. They can also check if your braces are causing any discomfort to your gums.

Regardless of the reasons for getting braces, it’s essential to brush and floss your teeth regularly. While braces may make it difficult to floss your teeth, proper oral hygiene can help you avoid developing white spots. This is caused by plaque biofilm masses that process food debris. The bacteria in plaque biofilm mass secrete acids that etch the teeth. If you can keep your braces clean and healthy, you’ll avoid developing these unsightly white spots. A fantastic read

The wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, can cause concern in orthodontics. Teenagers and parents worry that these teeth will shift after they’ve had braces. Others wonder if they should be removed altogether. The truth is that the answer depends on the circumstances of the patient.

If the wisdom teeth are impacted, they can cause the other teeth to shift and cause crowding. In these cases, they may be removed by an orthodontist. In many cases, wisdom teeth that erupt before braces are placed don’t cause these problems. However, if wisdom teeth erupt after braces, the result will be a different story. In such cases, the teeth may shift again, but a retainer will prevent this from happening. Learn more

Sometimes the wisdom teeth don’t come in properly. This can result in pain or even damage to the adjacent molars. Sometimes they even come in at an angle that won’t allow them to fit properly in the mouth. In other cases, they are simply positioned in the mouth at the wrong time and put pressure on other teeth. Sometimes the mouth simply isn’t big enough for the extra molars.

In most cases, the wisdom teeth shouldn’t cause any problems when in proper alignment. However, sometimes they can grow sideways toward another tooth, known as an impacted tooth. This can result in pain, inflammation, and bacterial infections. It can also damage the bone structure. This is where an orthodontist comes in. The goal is to ensure that your mouth is healthy and that you don’t have any problems with your teeth.

However, an orthodontist can remove your wisdom teeth if necessary. They can also align the rest of your teeth. In some cases, the procedure might not involve wisdom teeth, but the end result is the same: a straighter, more beautiful smile. If you have any concerns about this, contact an experienced orthodontist today.

If you have an impacted wisdom tooth, your dentist may recommend removal before they cause any problems. This can help you avoid the need for additional orthodontic treatment in the future. If your wisdom teeth are impacted, you could experience decay and gum infections. During your next checkup, your dentist may suggest removing them to avoid these complications.

The most common reason for removing your wisdom teeth is lack of space in your mouth. Having an impacted tooth can also affect the front teeth. This can cause them to decay and weaken the bones surrounding them. In some cases, cysts can form around the wisdom teeth. This can make the teeth shift, or increase in size. If this happens, you could have to have both teeth removed to make more space.

The procedure is typically a quick, outpatient procedure. A local anaesthetic is usually used. A doctor will apply the anaesthetic to the area around your tooth. This will make it more comfortable for the patient and make the process less painful. A general anaesthetic will only be necessary if the wisdom tooth has broken through the gum.

You may want to have your wisdom teeth removed before you undergo any orthodontic treatment. In some cases, you can wait until your teeth have completely fallen out before getting your wisdom teeth removed. However, it is best to consult with an orthodontist for your particular situation. Your orthodontist will be able to recommend a solution for you. If you’re a teenager, you can wait a little longer before getting your wisdom teeth removed.

In addition to causing problems, having your wisdom teeth removed can also help you with orthodontic treatment. They can cause your other teeth to shift and can prevent your braces from working effectively. Furthermore, they can push against your other teeth and cause root fractures or cracks. These are some of the common reasons why it is so important to have your wisdom teeth removed.

Fortunately, the procedure is safe and effective. If your child has a crowded mouth, a tooth extraction can be a great option. An extraction can straighten your teeth and help you smile with confidence. The procedure can be done either before or during your orthodontic treatment. Then, you can get on with the rest of your orthodontic treatment. It is important to consult a specialist if you have any questions or concerns.

Many people experience problems with their wisdom teeth. Sometimes, they’re painful or swollen, and can even be infected. Discover the next post

While the answer to the question of can orthodontist fill cavities is generally no, it’s a good idea to seek a second opinion. The dentist who diagnosed your cavity will likely have a more thorough understanding of the procedure than you do. Cavities are typically treated in a similar fashion to braces. Typically, a cavity will be detected by tooth sensitivity, or a sharp ache when chewing. If you suspect you have a cavity, you should brush your teeth after meals and use a fluoride mouth rinse to help prevent further decay.

Close-up of patient’s open mouth during oral inspection with mirror and hook

The dentist will have input into the type of filling material used on your teeth. In general, a cavity can be easier to fill before braces are attached, but a cavity once braces are in place requires more attention. In addition, cavities can be more challenging to fill if they are large. In addition, cavities that are large can result in the need for spacers to support the braces.

If your braces are preventing you from seeing a dentist, you should schedule an appointment for a cavity check. The dentist will use a drilling machine to remove the decayed tooth and fill the cavity with an amalgam or composite material. Cavities that occur around wires or braces can be harder to treat and need close attention from the orthodontist to avoid further damage. If the decay is severe enough, however, it could impede the orthodontic treatment. Browse around this site

When choosing a dental surgeon, the dentist should consider the overall health of your teeth. This is because the filling should be able to match the surrounding tooth. In addition, the filling should not interfere with your bite. You should also consider the size and location of the cavity. This will determine how much the filling costs. However, a cavity can be difficult to detect if you have several fillings in your teeth.

A cavity is a spot on your tooth caused by bacteria chewing through the tooth’s enamel. When a cavity is large enough, it exposes sensitive areas of your teeth, called dentin. This dentin can become infected and cause further pain and discomfort. In severe cases, it may require a root canal.

A cavity can pull away from the tooth over time. The empty spaces can provide a breeding ground for bacteria, which can cause further decay. Additionally, the cavity can be damaged if you are hit in the mouth with a hard object. These spaces can also cause an infection if the tooth isn’t properly protected.

In most cases, cavities can be filled at the dentist’s office. This procedure is relatively simple and can take as little as an hour. The dentist will numb the teeth, gums, and surrounding skin before proceeding. The filling will prevent bacteria from recolonizing the tooth and causing further decay.

Composite resin fillings are also an option for filling cavities. These resins are tooth-colored and can last up to fifteen years with proper care. The process involves applying a paste that molds to the exact shape of a cavity. The dentist will then place the composites in layers to avoid any changes in your bite. Once in place, composite resin fillings are cured with ultraviolet light.

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Orthodontists may prescribe antibiotics for the treatment of certain infections and inflammatory conditions. The American Dental Association has published an Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline on the use of antibiotics in dental care. However, these guidelines do not define a standard of care or official position of the ADA. In addition, they do not substitute professional judgment and diagnosis for the treatment of infections or inflammatory conditions.

Close-up of a doctor giving you a pill with DENTIST inscription, medical concept

Antibiotics are not effective for most oral infections. In fact, they may actually cause harm if taken in excessive doses during orthodontic treatment. Your orthodontist will recommend the right dosage for your condition. He will also tell you whether or not you should take certain medications while braces are on your teeth. Check this out

When considering antibiotics for an infection or inflammatory condition, you should always consider the risks involved. Certain antibiotics are associated with serious side effects, including diarrhea and C. diff infection. They can also cause serious infections when taken for prolonged periods of time. If your dentist prescribes antibiotics for a condition, you should ask questions about the antibiotics’ use and how you can minimize the risk of infection. 

Although antibiotics are generally safe for most people, some people can develop an allergic reaction to them and suffer from side effects. Moreover, repeated use of antibiotics may make the bacteria more resistant to them, making the treatment of the infection more difficult. For this reason, your orthodontist should only prescribe antibiotics if they are absolutely necessary.

However, it is important to understand that the use of antibiotics by dentists is often disproportionate to the need. More than three-quarters of antibiotics prescribed by dentists in the U.S. are unnecessary and may even harm the patient’s health. Therefore, dentists need to be included in the public health conversation on the topic of antibiotic use and antimicrobial resistance.

In addition to oral infections, bacteria can enter the bloodstream during dental procedures. In some cases, a dental abscess can occur if an infection is left untreated. In other cases, antibiotics may be prescribed for a serious dental condition such as an impacted wisdom tooth.

Antibiotics are an effective treatment for severe infections in the teeth. If left untreated, they can lead to the loss of a tooth and serious health problems. Usually, antibiotics should clear up symptoms in two to three days. In some cases, a doctor may recommend additional treatment if the symptoms persist for more than two weeks. So, it is important to take the recommended course of antibiotics as prescribed by an orthodontist.

If your dentist recommends antibiotics for an oral infection, you should consult your general dentist first. This way, you can ensure that your dentist is prescribing the appropriate medicine. In addition, you should also ask about other medications or supplements that may help your condition. Remember, your orthodontist will only recommend the best treatment for your specific case.

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A common question that people ask when considering orthodontic treatment is, “Can an orthodontist pull teeth?” The answer is “yes.” However, the number of teeth removed depends on the severity of your case. Typically, a doctor will pull only one to four teeth. If they do have to pull teeth, they will usually explain the benefits and risks of the procedure to you in advance.

tooth extraction using forceps, special dental instrument for teeth removal

A dental extraction is usually followed by stitches, so you should expect some discomfort following the procedure. The dentist will also give you pain reliever to help you get through the procedure. After the procedure, you should avoid eating sticky or crunchy foods to avoid infection and reduce swelling. You should also rinse your mouth with antiseptic or salty water. Your dentist may also give you an oral syringe to remove any leftover food. Once the extraction is complete, your orthodontist can cover the gap left by the extraction. 

In certain cases, an orthodontist may have to pull teeth to correct an overbite. Overcrowded teeth make cleaning and caring for them difficult. While this procedure may not always be necessary, it is important to get a second opinion before you agree to the procedure. In addition, you should ask your orthodontist for photos of the results of the treatment. 

In addition to pulling teeth, an orthodontist can also perform dental procedures. During this procedure, your general dentist will check your teeth and gums for cavities and gum disease. During the process, the two dentists will work together to ensure that your teeth look perfect. They can also explain how the treatment will affect your dental health in the long run and the need for follow-up visits. In most cases, an orthodontist will work with you for 12 to 18 months. Learn more

An orthodontist may also recommend braces to correct misaligned teeth. The process of tooth alignment treatment can take anywhere from eight to 18 months and may include traditional braces to clear aligners. When the treatment is complete, you’ll have a retainer to keep your teeth in place.

When an orthodontist is considering a surgical procedure to correct a bad bite or jaw bone, the dentist may refer you to an oral surgeon. While a tooth may be too big for the orthodontist to handle, it is crucial to rule out all other options before recommending an extraction. Orthognathic surgery may correct the problem and improve your ability to speak and chew food.

A tooth extraction can be simple or complicated. A simple extraction involves using a forceps-like device to loosen the tooth from its foundation. The dental professional then removes the tooth with forceps. A surgical extraction, on the other hand, requires a small incision. For this procedure, a surgeon will also need to remove some bone around the tooth.

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London UK is a city in the United Kingdom. Its high standard of living is reflected in its scores on the OECD Better Life Index. British citizens score well in community, health, education, and job satisfaction. However, British workers are more likely to work long hours than workers in most other countries. The UK is a large country consisting of several islands and approximately 248,500 square kilometers.

London 5 United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, about 86% of the population identify themselves as white. The vast majority of whites are British or Irish. The other 7.5% of the population are members of Asian ethnic groups. These people include Pakistani and Indian people. The rest of the population is made up of black people, mixed/multiple ethnic groups, and others.

London has a large airport system, including Heathrow Airport (EU’s largest and busiest), as well as Gatwick (UK’s second-largest airport). There are a number of options available for getting around the city from the airport, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. The most economical and convenient way to get around the city is by taking the London Underground.

The weather in London is temperate. The coldest month is August, followed by November. However, temperatures can still be high in these months, as well as during spring and autumn. Winters in London are not as cold as the summer months, so tourists are advised to visit at these times of the year. Despite the rainy season, spring and autumn offer a pleasant climate with various events and festivals.

The city’s arts scene is thriving, and visitors can enjoy a number of art and culture exhibitions and festivals. The South Bank is especially popular with art lovers, and has galleries, art shows, and film and music festivals. No matter what your interests are, London has something for everyone. You’re sure to have a great time. Check this out or continue reading.

While in the city, visitors should also check out some of the markets. The famous Camden Market consists of three markets, from Camden Town tube to the Regent’s Canal. You can find artisanal goods and street food at this market, which has a grungy vibe. Other markets include the Camden Lock Market and Stables Market, where you can buy souvenir T-shirts.

If you’re interested in politics, you should head over to Westminster, where the United Kingdom’s parliament is located. The Houses of Parliament are huge tourist attractions, and the famous Big Ben can be spotted here. The Houses of Parliament are in session from late September to mid-July. Buckingham Palace is another landmark worth visiting. Although tours aren’t available here year-round, you’re welcome to take photos of the palace. During the summer months, Queen Elizabeth II has four stone-faced sentries, which guard the palace.

Culture lovers can also take advantage of the wealth of museums in London. The city has a diverse array of top-notch museums, including the British Museum, which is home to over eight million ancient artifacts. The museum also has its own Tube station and is the world’s oldest public museum.

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Point of Interest #1 The Royal Air Force Club, 128 Piccadilly, London W1J 7PY

Point of Interest #2 Horse Head Statue, GR3X+Q9, London W1K 1AB

Point of Interest #3 45 Park Lane, 45 Park Ln, London W1K 1PN

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The capital of the United Kingdom is full of historical buildings and landmarks. You can spend hours in one of the many museums or enjoy the world’s best performing arts, then hit the bars or clubs to celebrate in the nightlife. You can even walk in the footsteps of history’s greatest figures. London is also a shopping mecca, with every niche catered for with a shopping mall or market. The riverfront is bustling with pop-up events in all seasons.

London 4 United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a highly developed country, with a highly developed economy and a high Human Development Index rating (it ranks 18th). The country consistently ranks high in international rankings in terms of healthcare, education, life expectancy, and other indicators of human development. Historically, the United Kingdom was the world’s leading power in the 19th and early 20th centuries, and it maintains its influence on world affairs. In terms of military expenditure, the UK ranks fourth globally.

The United Kingdom is made up of the countries of England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. The term UK is often used informally to refer to the whole country. Moreover, the islands of Ireland and the Channel Islands are not considered part of the United Kingdom, and hence are not included in the United Kingdom. Nevertheless, there are a number of differences between the various regions of the country.

The capital of the United Kingdom is London. The capital of England and the largest urban region in the European Union, the city is a cultural, business, and research hub. It has six major international airports and has a population of over eight million people. It also hosts the largest concentration of higher education institutions in Europe.

The United Kingdom is a member of the OECD, and has high standards of living. In the OECD Better Life Index, the UK ranks seventh among OECD countries. However, the country has slid down the rankings in recent years. The country has a lower score in religious freedom and women’s safety. However, women’s rights in the UK are generally well protected. It is illegal to discriminate against women and to pay them less than men. Despite this, many women still face prejudice because of taking time off work. Check this site!

The UK is also known for its rich culture in the arts. The country is home to many acclaimed symphonic orchestras and choruses. Famous British conductors include Sir John Barbirolli, Sir Malcolm Sargent, and Sir Charles Mackerras. International conductors such as Sir Simon Rattle have also become leading performers in Britain. A great post  here.

When you visit London UK, make sure to try local dishes and beverages. Its food scene is rich in diversity. Many restaurants and cafes have seasonal specialties. There are a lot of options for food and drink, including vegetarian and vegan options. If you are in the mood for something a bit more healthy, try a traditional English afternoon tea. There is a traditional blend of teas for afternoon tea in London, which is lighter than the usual breakfast blends. It is meant to complement the meal.

Point of Interest #1 The Ritz London, 150 Piccadilly, St. James’s, London W1J 9BR

Point of Interest #2 Spencer House, 27 St James’s Pl, St. James’s, London SW1A 1NR

Point of Interest #3 Lancaster House, Lancaster House, Stable Yard, St. James’s, London SW1A 1BB

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Summer in London is a great time to visit the city. There are plenty of outdoor activities to enjoy and the weather is mild. Autumn and spring are also pleasant times to visit, with weather similar to summer months. In addition to the summer months, the holidays in London are an ideal time to visit the city. While there are plenty of events to look forward to in both seasons, winter can be a bit chilly.

London 3 United Kingdom

The arts are very important in the United Kingdom, and London is home to several world-renowned productions. The city is known for its West End musicals and traditional and contemporary theater productions. Many of these performances tour the country. If you’re interested in Shakespeare, you can attend one of the re-creations of the Globe Theatre on the Southbank.

The city is full of iconic landmarks, including the Tower Bridge, and the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the Houses of Commons and Lords. The city is also home to the official residence of the British monarch, which has been in residence since 1952. The most senior members of the British cabinet reside at Downing Street.

The country was one of the founding members of the Western European Union (WEU), which was founded by the London and Paris Conferences in 1954. This group was later known as the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). In 1973, the UK left EFTA and joined the European Communities. This later became the European Union. The Treaty of Lisbon is the constitutional basis of the European Union. Check this site!

London is the largest metropolitan area in the UK, with more than eight million people living in the metropolis. London is a hub of commerce, culture, and the arts. In addition to the financial sector, the city is a world leader in healthcare, media, education, entertainment, research, and professional services. It is also a popular place for people to meet for business meetings.

London has a reputation as the city with the most expatriates and international residents. The city is home to 3.3 million foreign-born residents. Its global status is one of the main reasons why so many expats flock to the city. However, some of the disadvantages of expat life in the UK include the lack of freedom of movement, long queues, and high living costs.

Culture aficionados will love London. The city is home to many top museums. The British Museum, for instance, has eight million artifacts from over two million years of history. It is also accessible by Tube and is one of the UK’s most popular museums. The British Library is also located in the city.

If you’re interested in browsing a wide selection of artisanal goods and handmade goods, you’ll find many unique shops and markets in the city. The South Bank is a popular area for visiting artists, as it is home to many art galleries and art exhibitions. A fantastic read here.

Point of Interest #1 M&S Simply Food, Devonshire House, Piccadilly, London W1J 8AQ

Point of Interest #2 Smart Market, 17 Shepherd St, London W1J 7HX

Point of Interest #3 St James’s Palace, Marlborough Rd, St. James’s, London SW1A 1BQ

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The London lifestyle is quite diverse, and there are several ways to find a unique London experience. You can experience a bustling 24-hour metropolis or a quieter suburb. But the lifestyle of the British is far from universal, and the etiquette of the British people can make a huge difference.

London 2 United Kingdom

London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and the largest city in England. It is located on the River Thames and is home to over 8.6 million people. The city is the world’s leading business and financial centre. It has global influence in industries such as finance, commerce, entertainment, media, professional services, and research and development. Additional info.

The city is also known for its cultural life and offers visitors a wide range of entertainment. The city is home to a thriving arts scene with museums, exhibitions, and even film and music festivals. You can also get a great shopping fix at the prestigious Oxford Street. Be prepared to wait in line for your tube rides, though.

The United Kingdom, or Britain, is made up of several smaller islands. England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland are all part of the United Kingdom. However, the word “UK” is often used informally to refer to the entire country. However, the Isle of Man and Channel Islands are not part of the UK.

If culture and art are important to you, London is the city for you. It is home to some of the world’s most famous museums, including the British Museum, which has over eight million ancient artifacts spanning two million years. The museum also has its own underground station and is the oldest public museum in the world. Check this out

Among the most popular British dishes are the English breakfast, the Sunday roast, fish and chips, and chicken tikka masala. Another popular UK food is the ‘cream tea’, which originated in Devon. This afternoon tea consists of a mix of tea and cakes. A variety of dishes are available to suit every taste.

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Point of Interest #1 Gymkhana, 42 Albemarle St, London W1S 4JH

Point of Interest #2 The Wolseley, 160 Piccadilly, St. James’s, London W1J 9EB

Point of Interest #3 Tesco Express, 50-52 Curzon St, London W1J 7UP


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London is a 21st century metropolis with a rich history going back to Roman times. Some of the city’s most famous landmarks include the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, the iconic clock tower, and Westminster Abbey, which was the location of the coronation of the British monarchs. Visitors can also enjoy a trip on the London Eye, an observation wheel that gives sweeping views of the city. Learn more.

London 1 United Kingdom

London’s location is also significant – the city is the site of the 2012 XXX Olympiad, while the next Summer Olympics are to be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The City of London is well-connected by public transport, with an airport only 25 minutes away by tube. Aldgate East tube station is nearby, and connects to the District and Hammersmith & City lines. Within walking distance are a variety of shops, restaurants, and hotels.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy, with the King as head of state and the Prime Minister as head of government. The country also has several devolved governments, each responsible for certain aspects of its government. Political parties contest the general elections every five years. Citizens aged eighteen or over must register to vote before the election.

London is a diverse city with many different communities. There are three main economic groups: the elite and the middle classes. The elite are the richest, with the largest share of wealth. The middle class is made up of people with varying levels of wealth and social capital. The working class consists of two main groups: the precariat and the underprivileged. The precariat constitutes approximately 15% of the population and has the least financial means.

While London is a 21st century metropolis, its rich history dates back to Roman times. Famous landmarks include the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben the iconic clock tower, and Westminster Abbey, the home of the British monarchs. The city is also home to 43 major universities, making it one of the top concentrations of higher education in Europe.

The city is divided into 32 distinct boroughs. Central London is the heart of the city, with plenty of bars, restaurants, and major tourist attractions. The West End features the highest concentration of hotels and restaurants. In addition to this, Mayfair is London’s premier address and boasts a number of swanky hotels. Hyde Park is located on the South Bank.

The weather in London is temperate. The average temperature ranges from 18 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Fahrenheit, and the rainiest month is August and November. However, British people are generally reserved, and striking up a conversation can be challenging. A good understanding of British etiquette will go a long way toward understanding the culture.

If you’re planning a trip to London, make sure to visit the Tate Modern art gallery, which is located in a former power station. This museum features spectacular paintings, photographs, and performances. Most of the exhibits at Tate Modern are free, but there are sometimes some that require a fee, so it’s a good idea to book in advance. A great post can be found here.

Point of Interest #1 Hakkasan Mayfair, 17 Bruton St, London W1J 6QB

Point of Interest #2 Sexy Fish, Berkeley Square House, Berkeley Square, London W1J 6BR

Point of Interest #3 The Araki, Unit 4, 12 New Burlington St, London W1S 3BF


Driving Directions to Forest & Ray – Dentists, Orthodontists, Implant Surgeons From The Araki:

Everyone knows that you can’t really see much in Greenwich United Kingdom, UK until you get past the town of Greenwich. However, if you know where to look and have a little patience, you will be rewarded with some truly magical spots. Greenwich is home to a number of beautiful historical buildings and interesting places, but there are also some hidden gems that most people don’t know about. Check this out

Greenwich London UK

St Mary’s Church, Old Greenwich
St Mary’s Church is an ancient church in Old Greenwich, London, England. It is a Grade I listed building and a notable example of Tudor architecture. St Mary’s Church is the only remaining medieval church in Greenwich. The church is set on a hill overlooking the River Thames. It is about a mile west of the centre of London. The church was originally built during the reign of Henry the Seventh as a chapel of ease for the town’s new parish church of St Lawrence, Langdon. The church was consecrated in 1425. A few additions have been made over the centuries, but it is basically the same structure today. It is built of red brick with freestone dressings, and has two towers at the west end which are Saxon in date. Inside the church there are a number of old gravestones and monuments, including to Sir John Gresham, the founder of the Royal Exchange in London. There is a beautiful organ which is played regularly.

The Old Royal Naval College
The Old Royal Naval College is a former Royal Naval College at Greenwich, now used as offices by the Royal Navy. It is situated on the Greenwich Peninsula overlooking the River Thames. The College was founded in 16 HRM (1805) by King William IV, and was opened by Queen Victoria in 1841. Its buildings were originally designed by Sir William Tallett. The College’s buildings are now home to the Admiralty Office and other Government departments, but the Old Royal Naval College and its grounds are maintained and administered by the City of London Corporation as part of London’s UNESCO World Heritage Site, of which it is part. The college is referred to colloquially as just “Greenwich” by the Royal Navy and other Government departments, even though it is located some miles west of the town centre.

Greenwich Park
Greenwich Park is a 1.9 hectare public park located in the East End of London, England. It is the smaller of the two parks within the Greenwich Area of the London Borough of Greenwich. It is located between the River Thames and the North Orbital Road/A2/M2 motorway. It is managed by the London Borough of Greenwich. The park is situated on the southern side of the Greenwich peninsula. It is bordered by the River Thames to the south, and the North Orbital Road/A2/M2 motorway to the north. To the east is the A102 Western Avenue, to the west is the A2 and to the south are the railway tracks of the London and Greenwich Railway and the Millennium Dome site. The park contains playing fields, a riverside walk, a café and a boat house. The park is popular with walkers, joggers, dog walkers and cyclists.

Thomas Wright House
Thomas Wright House is a Georgian house in the Royal Borough of Greenwich, London. It is located on Thomas Wright Place in the Old Royal Naval College. It is Grade II listed and is now used as offices by the Royal Navy. The house was built in 1727 for Thomas Wright, Clerk of the Navy, and was one of the earliest buildings on the Greenwich Peninsula. It was designed by William Tallett. The house is built of red brick with freestone dressings, including a pillared and panelled portico, and a fanlight in the Saloon.

The View from the Cutty Sark
The View from the Cutty Sark is a viewpoint located on an embankment adjacent to the Cutty Sark, Greenwich. The Cutty Sark, a British passenger ship that was the last of her kind, was built in the 19th century and served as a convoy escort during World War II. The Cutty Sark is now a museum, although it is still open to the public. The embankment adjacent to the Cutty Sark is now a popular viewpoint and a popular spot for wedding photographs. The embankment is also a popular spot for photographers on public holidays, especially during the summer months. The viewpoint is located in Greenwich Park, which is located in the Royal Borough of Greenwich and is the largest park in London.

Greenwich is a beautiful place with plenty of history and a few hidden spots that are well worth exploring. We have highlighted the best spots in Greenwich United Kingdom, UK to help you get a better sense of the town. Depending on your interests, you will be able to see some of the historical buildings or enjoy some of the natural beauty of the area. You will also be able to experience the culture of Greenwich United Kingdom, UK by visiting one of the many restaurants or pubs. Browse next article

If you’re looking to move to the UK, Stratford-Upon-Avon might be the perfect place for you. It’s a beautiful town in Central England that has a lot to offer, from culture and history to outdoor activities and great restaurants. Stratford-Upon-Avon is home to various Shakespearean sites, such as the Royal Shakespeare Company and New Place, where he lived from 1564 until his death in 1616. Even if you’re not into the arts, Stratford will still surprise you with its unique charm. There are many great places to visit and things to do in this quiet and picturesque town, so read on for more information.

Stratford London UK

What is Stratford like?
If you’re looking for a quiet and tranquil place to enjoy a break from the city, Stratford-Upon-Avon might be the perfect place for you. The town is relatively small and has a great old town centre, with many beautiful buildings and monuments. Outside of Stratford, the countryside is also beautiful, and you’ll find several places to explore. Stratford is also home to a number of famous spots, thanks to its connections to the works of William Shakespeare. The first is the Globe Theatre, where many of his plays were performed. The New Place, where Shakespeare lived, has been preserved and is a great place to visit. You can also explore the town centre to enjoy the many cafes, pubs, and boutiques. Learn more

Location and Getting Around
Stratford, located in the West Midlands of England, is just a short drive from Birmingham. The town has good train links to London and other major cities, but it’s also easy to get around by car. If you’re travelling by train, you should take the train to Birmingham and then take the train to Henley-In-Arden, where Stratford is located. Henley-In-Arden is a small and quiet town that’s easy to explore on foot, and Stratford is about an hour’s drive from Coventry, Birmingham, and Warwick, so you should be able to easily explore other cities in the area as well.

Shakespearean Spots in Stratford
The town of Stratford-Upon-Avon is home to a number of Shakespearean sites. The first is the New Place, where Shakespeare lived from 1564. The house has been preserved, and you can visit the gardens and explore the house and grounds. Another site is the Henley-On-Trent Theatre, where Shakespeare’s company performed many of his plays. You can visit the theatre, which has changed very little since Shakespeare’s time. Nearby is the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), which produces Shakespeare’s plays and has a wonderful museum that also shows documentaries about Shakespeare and the RSC. You can visit the RSC’s production centre, where many of the productions are held. If you’re interested in the history of Shakespeare’s era, you can visit the Shakespeare Birthplace Museum, which explores the life of the townspeople during Shakespeare’s time.

Things to Do in Stratford-Upon-Avon
You’ll find many things to do in Stratford-Upon-Avon, from visiting the many Shakespeare sites to exploring the beautiful countryside to enjoying the shopping and restaurants. If you’re interested in culture, there are many museums in Stratford-Upon-Avon, including the Shakespeare Birthplace Museum, the Museum of the History of War, and the Ashmolean Museum. The town also has a number of theatres and galleries, so you can enjoy the arts or relax and have fun. There are also a number of outdoor activities, such as cycling, walking, and fishing.

Best Restaurants in Stratford
There are many great restaurants in Stratford-Upon-Avon, many of which are located near the town centre. If you’re looking for a traditional English meal, you’ll find many pubs serving traditional dishes, such as fish and chips and a pub sandwich. You can also try Italian restaurants, such as Caffe Nero, which is known for its Italian coffee. If you’re looking for a more international meal with a modern twist, try Konditorei, which serves traditional German cakes with a modern twist. Nearby is the Royal Borderdeer Hotel, which is known for its great food, including modern British cuisine. You should also check out the River Avon, where you’ll find a number of restaurants.

Stratford-Upon-Avon might be a great place for you if you enjoy culture and want to explore a quiet and picturesque town. It’s also close to major cities and has many great places to visit. If you’re interested in the arts, Shakespearean sites, or relaxing by the river, Stratford-Upon-Avon really is a delight. Next blog post

Chiswick is one of London’s affluent districts. Media and creative types mingle in the leafy High Road, which is lined with high-end restaurants and wine bars. Historic pubs dot the landscape. Visitors should also see Chiswick House, a stunning 17th-century mansion with Old Master paintings and manicured gardens. 

Chiswick London UK

Chiswick is also popular with families. Its schools are rated Good or Outstanding by Ofsted. Belmont Primary School is rated above average, while Hammersmith Academy and West London Free School are in the surrounding area. For a more active lifestyle, Chiswick offers several local parks, tennis courts, and local gyms.

The population of Chiswick began to grow in the early 1850s. Its growth slowed after 1861, when open country separated the two old settlements. Between the 1860s and the 1870s, Chiswick saw its population increase by 31 per cent. In the 1870s, a building boom began. By the 1880s, the population had grown by an additional 36 per cent. By the turn of the century, the population of Chiswick exceeded the amount of housing available.

Chiswick is one of London’s affluent districts. It is home to Chiswick House, an 18th-century Gothic-style mansion that was inspired by the Italian Grand Tour. Chiswick’s gardens are also the birthplace of the English Landscape Movement and have undergone major restoration. The RIBA award-winning building is also home to the Chiswick House Cafe. The cafe features views of the garden and offers free audio tours.

During World War II, the area became an air raid shelter. Children were evacuated from the area to safe areas. During the Blitz of 1940, bombs fell almost every night. During the Blitz, Chiswick suffered considerable damage. About 52 people were killed and many others were injured. In November 1944, Germans launched deadly V2 rockets. One of these explosions caused 11 houses to be destroyed. Browse around this site

Chiswick is a leafy suburb of London with a quaint village feel. The town is home to many parks and green spaces. The Chiswick House is an important feature of the area. Beautiful gardens surround the historic building. The area also offers great access to amenities and transport. The area is also popular for families.

Travelers can catch a bus to the nearby Piccadilly Circus. There are also buses that run 24 hours to Liverpool Street and Heathrow. Chiswick is also home to the Westfield shopping mall. The district offers excellent shopping. Chiswick offers everything a visitor could need.

The Chiswick settlement developed east of a church mentioned in 1181. The old road ran north of the ferry, and later crossed the open field between the village and the high road. The oldest house in Chiswick is the timber-framed Old Vicarage, which was once the Burlington Arms. The Saxons also lived in the area. The Saxon name for the area translates as “cheese farm”. A Saxon skeleton and several Saxon objects were discovered near the Thames.

The riverside access of the area attracted wealthy residents during the period when the Royal Family lived in Kew and Surrey. These properties allowed Chiswick to benefit from the residence of the royal family. A great place to also visit is

Residents of Wimbledon enjoy a cosmopolitan lifestyle and enjoy being in an affluent neighborhood. The village is home to chic cafes and boutiques and the world famous Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum. The area is popular with walkers and cyclists and features parks and trails. The village also boasts a variety of attractions including the Polka Theatre for children’s shows and the New Wimbledon Theatre, which hosts musicals and plays.

Wimbledon London UK

The village is home to several interesting museums, including the Museum of Wimbledon, a Victorian-era building that was originally the village hall. The museum displays local art and historic prints, as well as numerous photos and archaeological artifacts. It also features rotating exhibits. The Museum of Wimbledon also has a renowned art collection that includes works by local artists. Learn more

The town has a long history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to the Iron Age. The village’s hill fort was probably built around this time. By the 10th century, Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake. This manor changed hands several times, but eventually became crown property. Its owners built many grand houses in the town.

Wimbledon is renowned for its tennis tournament. It is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, with prize money of more than PS34 million. The tournament is held at the All England Club, a grass sports complex, and is considered one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments. In addition to the Australian Open, Wimbledon is also home to the US Open, the French Open, and the US Open.

The area was formerly a rural community, but was reorganized as a town in the nineteenth century. During that time, nobility and wealthy merchants from London co-existed in the village. In the early nineteenth century, the London and South Western Railway built a station at the base of the hill. This changed the focus of the town’s growth away from the village center.

Apart from hosting the Wimbledon Championships, the town also boasts the New Wimbledon Theatre and the Wimbledon Common, one of the largest areas of common land in the UK. The town is divided into two parts, the town and the village. The former is an old medieval village and the latter developed after 1838 when a railway station was built.

The Wimbledon Information System uses an IBM DB2 database to collect information about each match. It also has a dedicated team of people with deep knowledge of tennis and its players. It provides information to different user groups including media and spectators. With this system, the team at Wimbledon can provide the public with accurate and timely information.

When planning a road trip from Wimbledon, check road conditions first. While the Wimbledon area is very large, many cities are within a twelve-mile radius. However, you can also try cities up to four hours away. Next blog post

The city of Wembley is located in northwest London. It is part of the London Borough of Brent and is home to the Wembley Stadium and the Wembley Arena. The stadium is home to a wide variety of sports events and is the primary football stadium for the English national football team. It also hosts concerts and other events.

Wembley London UK

The town of Wembley is a popular tourist destination in the United Kingdom. If you are planning to visit the area, there are many different places to stay. A great place to stay in Wembley is an Airbnb. The company independently selects the listings and may contain affiliate links.

The city is also home to the British Empire Exhibition site. This exhibition was held in 1924. The city has a long history of manufacturing, but many of these businesses have closed down or moved out. Former factories include Glacier Metals, Wolf Power Tools, and Griffin & George, which manufactured laboratory equipment. In addition, the town is home to two non-league football teams, Wembley F.C. and Wembley Town F.C.

The city is well known for its football. The 1966 FA Cup Final was played at Wembley on 30 July 1966. In the final, England wore red because they had lost the coin toss. The game ended 1-1 in the England team’s favour, with Peters scoring in the 78th minute. Additional info

To get to Wembley in the United Kingdom, the easiest way is to take a bus or train. There are 22 daily scheduled bus trips. You can also use Moovit, an all-in-one transit app, which offers free live directions and maps for getting to and from Wembley.

Wembley has a number of historic buildings to visit. These include St John the Evangelist Church and the St Andrew’s Presbyterian Church. Those with a passion for motorbikes should check out the Ace Cafe. The city is also a short drive from London and the London Heathrow Airport.

In the 1970s, Wembley High Road was rated as the eleventh best place to shop in the United Kingdom. However, it fell to twenty-fourth place by 1987. However, it still remains an important location for South Asian jewellery and gold shops. The city is also home to the London Designer Outlet.

Before the Olympic Games, the area was a mill town. By the early 1990s, a stadium was built on the site. This was joined by two exhibition halls. Together, these facilities provided 17000 square meters of space. The city is currently home to a large number of businesses and has a vibrant cultural scene. Next article

If you are looking for an affordable and comfortable place to stay in Richmond United Kingdom, you’ve come to the right place. The area offers a variety of attractions and activities to meet your needs. You can visit the local museums and enjoy the parks. You can also go on a picnic in the nearby gardens, where you can enjoy the fresh air and local foods.


Several Richmond hotels offer comfortable and quality rooms, excellent services, and friendly service. Among them are the Petersham Hotel, Bingham Hotel, Kew garden Hotel, Clarion Collection Richmond gate, and the Rose of York. Whether you’re looking for a budget hotel or a luxury one, you’ll find the right place to fit your needs in Richmond.

The city has become a hub for the film industry, and several high-profile films have been shot in the area in recent years. The city was also used as the location of the PBS drama Mercy Street. There are a number of film industry organizations in the area, including the Virginia Film Office and the Virginia Production Alliance. There’s also the Richmond International Film Festival. Check this out.

This private Richmond double bedroom, located in a Victorian jewel box, is close to the central area and nearby Richmond Park and Kew Gardens. The room has a private bathroom, cable TV, and free wireless Internet. The property also features a living room, kitchen, and garden. Free wireless internet is available, and the homeowner is available to answer any questions you may have.

The city is also a hub of cycling. The 2015 UCI Road World Championships were held in Richmond. This event attracted 76 countries and generated an estimated $158.1 million in economic impact for the area. The course was first recreated in the indoor cycle training application Zwift and will be recreated in 2018 and 2019 UCI Road World Championships.

Richmond is home to many historic churches. Many of them date back to the early days of English colonialism. The city is home to several prominent Anglican/Episcopal, Presbyterian, and Methodist churches. The First Baptist Church of Richmond was founded in 1780. The city is also home to the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart, which is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Richmond.

The weather in Richmond is moderate and mild in most months. The city experiences the coldest temperatures in late December and early February. The average daily temperature in January is 37.9 degrees Fahrenheit (3.3 degrees Celsius) and its suburbs are located in USDA Hardiness Zone 7a. Temperatures rarely fall below zero, although the most recent such temperature occurred on January 7, 2018.

The city also has several museums. The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts and the Science Museum of Virginia are two notable places for culture. The city also hosts the Children’s Museum of Richmond and the Virginia Center for Architecture and Design.

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Croydon is a large town located in south London, England. It is the seat of the London Borough of Croydon, and is one of the largest commercial areas in Greater London. The city is home to a wide range of shops, and a lively night economy. There are many museums and attractions in the city, as well as a large sports complex.


The town’s name is derived from the Old French word croie dune, meaning “chalk hill”. It is located on the northern edge of the chalk hills known as the North Downs. The area is a major centre for both the labour and temperance movements. In the early nineteenth century, Croydon was a thriving commercial district of London. Public houses were the sites of early labour meetings. However, Croydon also had a strong temperance movement. Georgina King Lewis, an early member of the Croydon United Temperance Council, set up a dry center for the labour movement in the town. Learn more.

The town is home to several political parties. The Conservative Party controls the council, with approximately 45% of seats being held by Conservatives. The Lib Dems hold just one seat in the town. Croydon Borough Council is divided into 24 wards, and all of the seats on the council were up for re-election in the 2006 local elections. The Conservatives took 10 seats from Labour and one from the Liberal Democrats. This makes the Conservatives the majority party in Croydon.

Croydon has several theatres, and many community arts groups. The town has a large, landscaped green space that is adjacent to the town hall and Clocktower art centre. It is also home to several small comedy venues and community arts groups. The Spread Eagle Theatre is a modern 50-seat studio theatre, which collaborates with the Old Joint Stock Theatre in Birmingham.

The city’s history dates back to the 18th century, when the town became an important stop for stage coaches. The town was also the endpoint of two early commercial transport links with London. The Surrey Iron Railway arrived in Croydon in 1803, and it was extended to Merstham in 1805. The Croydon, Merstham and Godstone Railway followed in 1809. The Croydon Canal branched off the Grand Surrey Canal at Deptford. Later, in 1839, the London and Croydon Railway began running between London Bridge and West Croydon.

The town is also home to several historic buildings. The Croydon Town Hall is the city’s third town hall, which was built in 1895. The town’s first town hall was built in 1566, and the second one was constructed in 1808 and demolished in 1895. The current town hall was designed by local architect Charles Henman and was officially opened by the Prince and Princess of Wales on 19 May 1896. The building is built of red brick from Wrotham in Kent, with green Westmorland slates used for the roof.

In the past, Croydon was a bustling market town. It was the gateway between Brighton and London, and was home to the Surrey Iron Railway. In 1809, it was followed by the Croydon Canal and then the London and Croydon Railway. In the early twentieth century, Croydon opened an aerodrome, which operated until 1959. Sadly, this historic site was badly damaged during World War II. The last scheduled flight to Croydon departed from Croydon on 30 September 1959.

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The London Dungeon is a dark ride at the Universal Studios theme parks. The London Dungeon is located in the theme park’s Hollywood section, adjacent to the movie studio lot used for films based on Universal properties. The London Dungeon opened in 2012 as a new attraction inspired by H.G. Wells’ novel The Ghost Story of Eyle Church and other tales set in Victorian England. The premise is that visitors are visiting Dr. Henry Jekyll’s home, which has been transformed into the London Dungeon by evil forces from another dimension called the Negative Zone who invaded Earth through an ancient doorway hidden beneath Jekyll’s house. During your visit, you will explore the interior of Eyle House and learn about its history and hear ghost stories about its previous owners such as Dr. Jekyll and his fiancee, Miss Alice Hyde-Blackmore (both played by actors). There are also several scenes with live actors playing supporting characters such as Mr. Hyde (played by an actor), Mrs. Hyde (an actress) and supernatural investigators Kitty Fox (played by an actress), Inspector Casey (an actor) and others who make up The Ghost Investigators Club of London. You can visit this amazing attraction in The Queen’s Walk, London SE1 7PB.

The London Dungeons

You don’t need to be a biter to visit the London Dungeon
The London Dungeon is a dark ride. In order to ride the London Dungeon, you need to be at least 10 years old and be accompanied by a parent or guardian. The idea of the ride is that you are visiting the London Dungeon and then you will be invited to visit Dr. Jekyll’s home and see if some of the things you saw there are really true. The same thing applies if you visit the theme park in Orlando: You don’t need to be a biter to visit the London Dungeon. Also, even if you have seen the London Dungeon, visiting the home of Dr. Jekyll might be interesting for you.

What you’ll experience when visiting the London Dungeon
The London Dungeon is a combination of a dark ride, a haunted house and a live show, all in one. The majority of the London Dungeon is a dark ride where your group enters a virtual world and does what you would do in a real-life dark ride. The London Dungeon is divided into different areas, each with its own theme: The Mortuary: A macabre setting in which you will encounter ghosts who were once human beings. The Infirmary: This is where the doctor died and the doorway to the Negative Zone was discovered just like here. Laboratory: In this section of the London Dungeon, visitors are invited to try various experiments that can be dangerous. The Mystery Scene: In the Mystery Scene of the London Dungeon, you will learn more about the history of the house and Dr. Jekyll, while you will encounter actors playing ghosts and other characters. The Ghost Investigation Room: The Ghost Investigation Room is where you will learn about modern-day ghost hunting and try to detect ghosts using various instruments such as a sound meter and a ghost detector.

Tips for visiting the London Dungeon ride
– Visit the London Dungeon during the day: While many people visiting the London Dungeon in the day recommend visiting the dark ride at night, some people said that the ride was much better when it was not so crowded. According to many visitors, the London Dungeon is better at night when it’s less crowded. – Get there early: Some visitors said that the London Dungeon was much better when they visited the ride at 10:00 or 11:30 am instead of at 2:00 pm or 3:00 pm. – Get an audio guide: The London Dungeon has audio guides that you can download and access while you’re visiting the ride. The guides are narrated by actors who go into great detail about the setting of the London Dungeon where they mention famous people who have lived in the house and the history of the house. The guides are available in several languages. – Take a jacket: Many visitors said that they were very cold inside the London Dungeon, especially in the Mortuary area. So if you want to enjoy the dark ride, take a jacket or wrap. – Look at the map: The map of the London Dungeon is available in several languages and can help you navigate the different areas of the London Dungeon. – Be careful when trying the experiments: Visitors said that they don’t recommend trying the experiments inside the laboratory because they can be dangerous. Also, the experiments are not explained on the map and you can easily get lost inside the laboratory. Our next stop is in our journey in London is:

A relaxing atmosphere can be found in the Queen Square Gardens. This grassy, paved square is surrounded by statues, benches, and commemorative monuments. Visitors are invited to sit and rest for a while or take a stroll. It is also home to many events and festivals throughout the year. The gardens are a perfect place for a family day out. It is located in Queen Square, London WC1N 3AU.

Queen Square Gardens

Originally, Queen Square was not as fashionable as its neighboring areas. Its residents included gentry families and wealthy professionals. In fact, the physician to King George III stayed in the area during his illness. In addition, a pub in the area is named the Queen’s Larder, which is said to have been used by Queen Charlotte during her time in the area.

The gardens were originally fenced with locked gates. There were also paid employees, called beadles, square-keepers, and gardeners, who were responsible for maintaining order in the gardens. These employees were also in charge of cleaning the gardens and ensuring the safety of its residents. The trustees also sent letters to the residents who violated the rules.

The Queen Square Gardens also feature a statue of a domestic cat named Sam. This bronze statue was donated by the community in memory of Patricia Penn, a nurse and champion of local causes. She was a member of the Queen Square Residents Association and was honored with a statue in her honor. Additional info here.

Queen Square Gardens is located in the Bloomsbury neighborhood of central London. The area is affluent, and is home to numerous buildings devoted to health care. There are statues of Queen Anne and Queen Charlotte in the gardens, and several medical institutes are located nearby. If you’re looking for a quiet, pleasant area to relax in, then Queen Square is the place to be.
Queen Square is home to a church called St. George the Martyr, which was built in 1706. The church was originally built on land owned by the Curzon family, and the church was built alongside the church. The church was originally a chapel of ease for residents. In the 19th century, it was renovated and expanded by J. B. Papworth.

Queen Square Gardens is also home to the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (NHNN), which was founded in 1890. Its history is quite varied, and it has been the site of many important events. It has also been home to several famous scientists. You can learn about the rich history of the hospital through its museum and statues.

As the popularity of the garden grew, it became increasingly important for the National Hospital and the Alexandra Children’s Hospital to make use of the square gardens. The National Hospital also requested a key to the garden for general hospital use. After the war, this privilege was extended to the Alexandra Children’s Hospital and the Italian Hospital.

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If you’ve never visited the London Eye, you’re missing out. It’s Europe’s tallest observation wheel, and is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom, with over 3 million visitors a year. The London Eye offers a breathtaking view of the city, and tickets to ride it cost as little as £5. It is located in Riverside Building, County Hall, London SE1 7PB.
The London Eye is ideal for families and children of all ages, and there are many family packages available for a cheap price. Children under three can ride for free. Wheelchair users need to book tickets in advance. The London Eye is conveniently located near Waterloo train and underground stations. Whether you’re looking for a romantic date or a family adventure, the London Eye is sure to impress. London Eye

You’ll want to arrive early for the London Eye, as queues can be lengthy. During peak hours, queues can take up to an hour. To avoid the long waits, consider buying tickets that include Fast Track entry. These tickets let you board the London Eye at a dedicated Fast Track entrance and will save you up to 15 minutes. Fast Track tickets will also give you access to the 4D Cinema Experience, which is available before and after the ride. Fast Track tickets are highly recommended if you don’t have much time to spare, and for those who are short on time.
The London Eye is a big ferris wheel in the heart of the city. At the top, you can see up to 40 kilometres. This attraction attracts 3.5 million visitors every year. It opens at 10 am in the summer and 11 am in winter. It closes at 6 pm. On Christmas day, the London Eye is closed. More information on this link.

The London Eye is one of the most popular attractions in London. It is a must-do experience for visitors to the capital city. The ride is often very crowded and can take a while to complete, but the London Eye has annual passes that allow you to skip the line. Those who have a Merlin annual pass will also be able to skip the line and enter the ride in no time.
The London Eye is one of the most popular paid attractions in London, and one of the tallest observation wheels in Europe. It’s 135 metres tall and has 32 glass-lined capsules that represent the 32 boroughs of London. Originally intended as a temporary structure, it opened to the public in 2000 to celebrate the Millennium.

Guests should check the weather before making their reservation for the London Eye, as bad weather may prevent them from boarding the ride. Also, it’s best to purchase a day-night ticket, which allows you to rotate the capsules twice over the course of 30 minutes. This ticket allows you to take in the sights of the city during daytime and nighttime, and it’s available throughout the year.

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If you’ve ever played a standard monopoly game, then you’re probably aware that it is rather small. However, what if we told you that the classic version of the game is actually very tiny when compared to the life-sized version of the famous board game? Yep, the life-sized version of Monopoly can take up an entire room! There have been many different versions over the years but each one has had space restrictions. The classic version is about as small as you can possibly get with a Monopoly game. Life sized, however, takes it to another level! You can visit this amazing attraction at 213-215 Tottenham Ct Rd, London W1T 7PS.

Monopoly Lifesized London

How was this game created?
This game has been around for decades but no one is really sure how it came to be. There are many theories as to how this unique game was created, but we’ll never know for sure. What we do know is that it all began during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Back then, the most popular board game was Monopoly. People started placing hotels and railroads on the board because this was the only way they could get anywhere. As time went by, the game became more and more popular. If you had a group of friends that were all into board games, then chances are they probably had a Monopoly set. This game and its variants were so popular that people started creating their own versions. One of the first companies to create a customized version of the game was Parker Brothers. They produced a game called “Caballero” which was popular for a time. Parker Brothers also made a version of the game called “International Cities.” These games aren’t as popular today, but they were still in circulation back in the 1960s.

Where is the game played?
The game that we know and love is usually played by two people. However, this game was made to be played by lots of people. The classic game is played on the board that you can see above. The board measures an incredible 23 feet by 16 feet. The game is played in a large room that has a minimum of two walls. The game pieces are placed in one corner of this room. If you want to make the game even more fun, you can add some decorations to the walls. Maybe you have a poster of Monopoly on the wall, or maybe you have some other decorations. Whatever you choose, you have to make sure that the wall where the game is located has something that complements the game. Otherwise, you’ll be missing out on some of the fun. Learn more.

The World’s Largest Monopoly Game Final Thoughts
The board measures 23 feet by 16 feet, which is quite large for a board game. If you want to get the full experience, then you have to play the life sized version of the game. The board is about 3 feet tall and 4 feet wide, which is quite large for a table game. If you want to experience the game to its fullest, then you have to play the life-sized version of Monopoly. If you want to see what the game looks like in person, then you can visit the World’s Largest Monopoly Game Experience in London, England. If you want to experience the game in another country, then you can find a local event here. Next article:

London has an abundant history of street art and graffiti. You’ll discover incredible pieces in a few of London’s many iconic spots, from the Banksy-covered walls of Bristol market to the beautiful flower styles of heaven Door Collective around London. But you’ll also discover examples of street art and graffiti that are no longer with us. Take, for instance, this mystical tunnel loaded with graffiti artwork that was found in London a long time earlier. It lies at Leake St, London SE1 7NN.

Graffiti Tunnel London UK Street Art

Where is the graffiti tunnel?
If you’re looking for examples of graffiti in London, an excellent location to start is near Holloway Road. The tunnel you’re about to check out is located in the North London area, near Holloway Road at Bounds Green train station. It’s available from the tracks above, so it’s easy to miss out on if you do not know where to look. This tunnel is located inside the London Underground railway. You can access it by climbing up through the old ventilation shaft that utilized to be used by the train. It was only available due to the fact that the hole in the ceiling of the tunnel. It’s a bit weird to stroll through without any lights and a little bit of a climb.

Who discovered the graffiti tunnel?
After years of wandering around London, author and photographer Kerstin Holzinger encountered the graffiti tunnel. She took a photo of it, and it was later on released in a book of metropolitan exploration photos called Urban Expedition. Urban exploration (or urbex, for brief) is the art of exploring cities and checking out abandoned locations. In her book, Holzinger blogs about her experience of discovering the graffiti tunnel, saying, “I was drawn to the graffiti-covered ventilation shaft near the Holloway Road train station. The tunnel entryway was barely obvious.”

Why did no one understand about the graffiti tunnel?
Because the graffiti tunnel was found, it’s been recorded and included in books along with online short articles. However, many people have actually become aware of the graffiti tunnel for the very first time when they read this short article. The fascinating thing is that the graffiti tunnel is entirely available while you remain in it, and it’s not nearly as scary as it may sound. It’s not like the London train, where you’re going to get caught in the dark, either, due to the fact that the graffiti tunnel is precisely that: a tunnel. But another thing to think about is the truth that graffiti is illegal in lots of nations, which is why Londoners enjoy adding to the city’s street art, but also why we do not see it in other parts of the world.

What happened to the graffiti tunnel?
A long time after Holzinger discovered the graffiti tunnel, she says that “the whole area appeared to have been cleaned up.” Given that the graffiti tunnel was available, it’s most likely that someone had the idea to paint over the graffiti art work inside the tunnel. No longer accessible and now covered with paint, it was difficult to find again. Click here for more interesting facts here.

The graffiti art work in the graffiti tunnel
Like we stated, the graffiti tunnel has plenty of graffiti artwork. However we do not want to spoil the surprise by telling you what it is. Rather, why not click through and see the graffiti tunnel for yourself? The graffiti tunnel has plenty of fantastic artwork that deserves exploring. Take, for instance, the lovely pieces of graffiti including the blue door. The graffiti in the graffiti tunnel also consists of names and expressions, like “Let’s Go,” “I Love London,” and “Hello.”. Check it out here what we have to offer.

If you’re looking for examples of graffiti in London, an excellent location to start is near Holloway Roadway. The tunnel you will read about lies in the North London location, near the Holloway Roadway at Bounds Green train station. It’s accessible from the tracks above, so it’s easy to miss if you do not understand where to look. The graffiti tunnel is full of amazing art work that’s worth checking out. Take, for example, the gorgeous pieces of graffiti including the blue door cumulative’s signature blue door. The graffiti in the graffiti tunnel also includes names and phrases, like “Let’s Go,” “I Love London,” and “Hi.”.

Madame Tussauds is a museum with wax displays of famous people, figures, and famous artworks. The museum is located at Marylebone Rd, London NW1 5LR, and has 9 different branches around the city. It’s a popular travel attraction for lots of people from all over the world. I myself had read about Madame Tussauds before, concerning London, and understood that it ‘d be something I wanted to see. The experience itself was wonderful! You are provided a map of the museum with all its wax shows marked on it. As soon as you’re inside the museum, there are a couple of different things you can do. You can browse various wax display screens (of which there are numerous in each branch), get in some of the smaller rooms where you can enjoy movies or listen to music, or take part in activities such as solving puzzles or taking selfies with wax celebs. If you’re preparing to visit Madame Tussauds in London, make certain you read our comprehensive guide HERE so that you don’t lose out on anything!

Madame Tussauds London UK

What to Expect When You Visit Madame Tussauds in London
The entrance to Madame Tussauds in London lies in Covent Garden. There are several signs on the entrance that help visitors begin with their visit. The very first of these signs is a map of the museum with all of the wax displays significant. This map is really valuable because it reveals visitors where all the wax displays lie. When you get in Madame Tussauds, there is a small charge to visit. There’s also a small charge to take pictures inside the museum. This is an extra fee that is generally not consist of with a basic admission ticket. All of the screens inside the museum are wax, so they’re vulnerable and should be managed with care. There are tables outside the museum where visitors can put their bags while they’re inside, though it’s best to put your bag inside the bag so that it’s not stopped by mistake.

The Wax Exhibit Surfing Area
The wax display browsing area is the first location you get to when visiting Madame Tussauds in London. It’s not the biggest location inside Madame Tussauds, but there are a number of different wax screens here, consisting of among the most popular wax exhibits: the waxworks of the royal family. The royal family waxwork inside Madame Tussauds is incredible. It’s not always the most lifelike royal waxwork, however it is the most famous royal waxwork, which is pretty incredible in itself. The royal household waxwork is also among many famous people displayed throughout Madame Tussauds, consisting of many popular actors, musicians, authors, and artists, consisting of among my preferred wax figures, the Madame Tussauds waxwork of Charles Darwin. There are also a number of other wax displays throughout Madame Tussauds to explore, such as wax reproductions of well-known paintings, sculptures, and buildings. There’s likewise a section committed to artists and their process, including the complete process of developing Madame Tussauds’ waxworks.

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Among the Activities at Madame Tussauds in London.
There are many different activities at Madame Tussauds that you can participate in, such as solving puzzles or taking selfies with wax celebs. The activities aren’t totally free, but, in my opinion, they deserve the same rate. The puzzles are fairly easy, and if you do them quickly enough, you can make it through many of them. There are around 30 puzzles inside Madame Tussauds, so you’ll absolutely have the ability to finish a couple of them in a short amount of time. The puzzles inside Madame Tussauds are relatively fascinating. A lot of them are trivia quizzes about famous people or famous masterpieces. There are likewise a few basic questions, like “What is James Bond’s preferred beverage?” The selfies are likewise worth the rate. Madame Tussauds has a number of celebs that you can take selfies with, consisting of a few of the royals, the Beckham household, and some popular musicians. I ‘d recommend taking selfies with the royals, as they are absolutely something special.

Final Ideas
Madame Tussauds is a must-see traveler’s destination in London. There are various wax shows inside the museum, consisting of many well-known masterpieces. You can likewise participate in several activities, including solving puzzles, taking selfies with stars, and solving riddles. The entrance to the museum is expensive, however it’s well worth the price. The museum is open daily, and the wax exhibitions are normally continued display for approximately 3 years. If you’re preparing to check out London, ensure to go to Madame Tussauds! It’s one of the best experiences you’ll have while checking out the city. Our next blog post is this.

The London Aquarium is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the UK. It is located in Riverside Building, County Hall, Westminster Bridge Rd, London SE1 7PB. It’s not just because it has over 60 different species, but also because it has so many amazing things to see and do for visitors of all ages. From animal interactions and live shows, to outside cafes and a whole lot more, there’s plenty to explore at this aquarium. Let’s take a look at what you can expect when you visit SEA LIFE London Aquarium.

Sea Life Centre London Aquarium street art

London Aquarium

What is the SEA LIFE London Aquarium?
The London Aquarium is SEA LIFE’s flagship attraction, and the largest one in Europe. It is part of the Riverside Building, and is home to 60 different species, with more being added all the time. SEA LIFE London Aquarium is a great place for all ages, as it has a huge range of animal-themed attractions and activities that appeal to both adults and kids. There are many ways to explore the aquarium, including feeding penguins or watching underwater shows. Visitors can also hop on the live animal experience tram, or explore the Rainforest and Beached Seafari zones. In addition there are many special events and activities that take place throughout the year, such as Christmas, Halloween and Valentine’s Day events. SEA LIFE London Aquarium’s mission is to inspire people of all ages to care for our marine environment.

Why Should You Visit the London Aquarium?
Visitors to the London Aquarium come from all over the world to experience its incredible marine life up close. Admire a huge selection of colourful tropical fish, find out about the conservation work of the aquarium and many of the creatures in the tank have never been seen outside of captivity, so at the time of writing this guide, you are most likely the first person to see them in their natural habitat. There are a number of ways to experience the aquarium, each with their own unique benefits. The best way to enjoy the aquarium depends on what you are looking for. Visitors can either come and explore the aquarium at their leisure, stopping to admire any animals they want; or they can visit the Marine Discovery Centre, where they can take part in a number of hands-on activities. The Marine Discovery Centre is split into two sections; the Ocean Explorer section allows visitors to touch and explore some of the aquarium’s most popular species, while the Fish Alley section allows visitors to learn and interact with the aquarium’s freshwater fish. Visitors can also choose to visit the Rainforest, Beached Seafari or Dolphin Discovery Centre. The Rainforest is home to some of the aquarium’s more exotic species, while the Beached Seafari and Dolphin Discovery Centre have some of the aquarium’s more unusual species.

Themed Animal Encounters and Shows
At the London Aquarium, you can take part in many themed animal encounters and shows that are a great way to immerse yourself in the underwater world. These include encounters with some of the aquarium’s more exotic species such as the mantis shrimp, or the spiny sea urchins. Visitors can also take part in a number of different animal shows, including sea animal shows and penguin shows. These shows are often very interactive, and are a great way to interact with the aquarium’s animals.

Outdoor Activities at The Riverside Building
The Riverside Building at the London Aquarium is home to a range of activities, including the penguin pool and sea lion pools. These are great places to watch the penguin show or take part in some activities with the animals, such as the penguin fly or the sea lion games. The pool at the London Aquarium is open from 10am until 8pm every day of the year. Visitors can also enjoy some of the park’s other activities, including the giant swing, the climbing wall, maze and a number of different soft play areas. There are also plenty of picnic tables and benches surrounding the park, so visitors can relax and enjoy the views while they wait for the next animal show or activity to start. Alternatively, visitors can also enjoy a spot of fishing with one of the rivers or lakes found around the park. More here.

Final Words
The London Aquarium is a must-see attraction in London, offering visitors the chance to meet some of the world’s most beautiful animals. There are a number of different ways to enjoy the aquarium, and the city’s many parks, and outdoor activities are a great way to spend a day exploring the city.


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Forest & Ray offers discounted treatments to Ukrainians who were forced to leave their homes after 24 February 2022.

Dental Offer To Ukrainians Who Needed To Leave

The initiative covers emergency cases such as dental fillings, tooth extraction and root canals for the price of a consultation of £69 per appointment. Most emergency cases can be solved in one appointment, but a root canal for example is often 3 appointments. In that case 3 x £69 will be charged.

The services are available in London at 8F Gilbert Pl, and can be booked in person, by email / chat or by phone. Please bring your passport with you.

We work with Russian speaking dentists. Nikolaos Kasiteridis is Greek but he speaks Russian. This can help to overcome language barriers if any. This is the best we can do.

Bring a friend* and both of you will get 50% off your hygiene treatments.

Teeth Cleaning Offer Scale And Polish

During the hygiene treatment, the hygienist will perform an ultrasonic scaling as well at the same time. You will then feel your teeth much cleaner and in addition, you will prevent many dental diseases such as gingivitis, tooth decay, and tooth loss.


  • *Valid only if an existing patient brings a new patient.
  • Not to be combined with other special offers.
  • If the treatment requires more appointments, the payment needs to be completed at the first visit.
  • Only one discounted treatment per person.
  • Prior phone or e-mail booking required.
  • General cancellation policy and terms & conditions apply.

The first thing you can expect is an improved smile immediately after the procedure. Enjoy it, but a little care must be taken for best results. Before getting up and driving home, wait for the anesthesia to wear out completely. It is quite normal for some oozing of blood to take place after surgery. You can use cold packs or press on dry gauze pads to stop it. Avoid hot drinks for a while, and do not eat until anesthesia has worn off completely.

In the next two days avoid strenuous movements. A little bit of swelling is also normal and will at its peak in about two days. A little bit of warmth applied to the cheeks will help reduce it.

Slight pain is quite normal after surgery. Pain will increase when the anesthetic effect finishes. If necessary, take some over the counter pain killers. If pain and swelling do not subside and even increase after a few days, consult the implant specialist. Continue using any antibiotics that have been given you.

Keep the mouth as clean as possible. Continue using the mouth wash for at least a weak, and every time try to hold the liquid over the site of surgery for some time. Mouth rinses with warm saline water will also aid quick relief from swelling and pain.

Resume your daily brushing, but avoid the surgery sites until properly cured.

While eating avoid the sites of surgery, and rinse after food. Avoid smoking until the wounds heal.

After the wound has healed, and in about three to six months your implant will have firmly integrated with the bone around it. Now your teeth are like natural teeth. Enjoy life while maintain routine dental hygiene and six-monthly visits for inspection.

Yes! Modern dentistry has evolved procedures whereby you can get your implants in one single day. The implant provider needs to have all the necessary faculties in house for panoramic or cone beam x-rays, and bone density tests, and CAD / CAM for manufacturing the crowns, this is possible. This technique is known as single day or immediate implant loading. During this process, a preformed prosthesis is immediately attached to the implant with the help of an abutment. In this way, the artificial tooth structure is completed, however, ossoeintegration continues simultaneously. Not every individual is a candidate for getting single day implants. Your dentist can tell whether you are eligible for getting dental implants loaded in a single day.

With this procedure, the dental implants are placed and attached to a temporary restoration, such as a bridge or denture, on a single day. However, not all patients are good candidates for this procedure. It depends on a variety of factors, including the patient’s oral health, bone density, and the location and number of missing teeth. Your dentist or oral surgeon will evaluate your individual case to determine if single day implants are a suitable option for you.

It’s important to note that this kind of treatment may have a higher risk of implant failure or complications compared to traditional implants. You may not have enough time to fully integrate with the bone. Therefore, it’s crucial to carefully follow your dentist’s instructions for post-operative care and maintenance to ensure the long-term success of your dental implants.

Replacement of multiple teeth follows generally the same process as replacement of one tooth. However, if two adjacent teeth are required to be replaced they can be supported on a single implant. The entire set of teeth in a jaw can be supported on a minimum of four implants, while in some cases up to seven implants in the upper jaw and eight in the lower jaw may be required. The procedure can still be completed in a single day.

Replacing a single tooth with an implant supported tooth is relatively simple procedure but must follow essentially the same procedural steps as replacing a greater number of teeth. Let me give you a brief overview of the steps involved in single tooth replacement with dental implants.

Try and save the original tooth

Prior to any such replacement efforts a good dentist will try and save the original tooth. Normally a  replacement tooth cannot  be as good as a natural tooth, even a restored one.


A thorough assessment examination is needed to determine whether the patient is fit for receiving an implant. The various tests normally conducted for this purpose include:

  • Visual examination
  • 3-D imaging, using computer aided X-rays.
  • Bone quality tests

Treatment of current disease: If some treatment is needed, say for existing an gum or periodontal disease, that will be given before the implant procedure can be applied.

Removal of existing tooth: The bad tooth will be extracted, since it cannot be saved.

Bone augmentation: If tests have determined that the bone is deficient in the surrounding region, it must be augmented through a graft procedure. An autograft involves harvesting bone from own body and grafting at the desired location. Allograft means bone is taken from a tissue bank. Good quality bone will gradually replace the porous bone mass.

Soft tissue augmentation: While an implant is being planned it is a good consideration to see if gum flesh needs augmentation. Gum flesh must be sufficient to cover the implant. Else, it will present an un-aesthetic view.

Sinus Lift: In case a tooth in the upper jaw is to be replaced, tests may determine that a ‘sinus-lift ‘operation is required to increase the height of the upper jaw.

Tooth extraction: Once the bone graft and gum graft have matured and the flesh has healed, the bad tooth is extracted.

Implant and abutment placement: a hole is drilled very carefully into the jaw bone. The drill speed is controlled to avoid damaging bone cells. The hole is shaped, and in some cases tapped (if the implant is not self-tapping). The implant is the screwed in and the abutment applied.

Placement of the crown: In conventional practice, three to six months are allowed for osseointegration of the bone with the implant. However, current tendency is to apply the crown also at the same time. This one surgery of the gum. Immediate crowns will normally be replaced with permanent crowns later

Modern dentistry practice does allow for “immediate implants” in some qualified cases. Such cases can walk away with new teeth (albeit temporary) in a matter of an hour after the examination and discussion of costs. The temporary teeth are later removed and replaced with permanent teeth. In some cases, even permanent teeth may be made ready using CAD-CAM equipment while you wait in the office. you can walk away with a new smile in just one visit which can spread over a few hours. Remember that even in these “immediate “cases, bone integration will still need time of a few months. Teeth must not be loaded before that.

The traditional procedure is multi-stage, involving two or more visits. It was the practice, after the detailed examination to go through the following procedures:

  • Treat any gum disease
  • Extract the bad and unwanted teeth
  • Allow time for healing of the jaw.
  • Graft bone, and gum tissue where deficient. Wait for graft to integrate and create new bone.
  • Screw the implants in and cover them up with a healing screw, in case of delayed implant loading. Then seal the gum.
  • After due time for osseointegration, load the implants with teeth or bridges.

You can plan your visits after the examination. It will help you adjust your visits with your work or holidays.

Why should it take that long? A full denture is obtained very quickly? The answer is that the very primar advantage of the implants lies in the firmness with which it is fixed to the jaw. The conventional denture simply sits on the gums, and therefore, can easily slip out. The implant becomes a part of your body just like a natural tooth, or may be even more firmly.

Now if you were, God forbid, to break your arm, the bone would take weeks to heal. Your jaw bone is similar. In fact, the case of the metal implant in the jaw bone is even more difficult. While in a cracked bone, the two pieces to join back are natural complements of each other, in the case of an implant an integration process must take place between the bone and a foreign metallic object, the implant. It can take from three to six months. (please see the chapter on osseointegration). It is natural for an implant in the upper jaw to take a little longer due to the softer bone. The lower jaw bone is denser which usually speeds up the integration process.

What time frame to expect and how many visits will be needed, can only be decided after a detailed examination which will include 3-D imaging of the the jaw bones, and tests of bone quality. The implantologist will also need to discuss your own desires and the budget priorities, including your insurance plans.

This is a very important question when you’re planning to get implants. Especially, when you have to travel abroad, or to another city, to get the implants, you may have plan well. It is a good idea to combine any foreign visit with a holiday, thus making the most of your money and time. So, it is best if you have an idea of how long the process can take, and what are the modalities.

Unfortunately, it is not possible for me or even for the dentist to give you a definite figure without proper and thorough examination of your mouth. However, if aesthetics is the primary concern, you may be able to smile with your new (may be temporary) teeth in under one hour. If the eating function is of primary importance, getting your beautiful teeth into full gear can take a few months-may be six months or more.

Implants can be used to replace a single tooth or all teeth in a jaw. And as I have already mentioned, implants can be employed to replace no teeth. That is the case when an orthodontist is trying to align your teeth and wants accelerated movement.

The minimum number of implants required depends on the number of teeth to be replaced. Replacement of one or two tooth requires just one implant. A greater number of teeth in adjacent locations can be replaced with a single fixed bridge using two implants. A full bridge replacement can be applied using four, six, or eight implants in the upper jaw, and five or more in the lower jaw. Note that not all 16 teeth are needed in a jaw, rather only 7 teeth in each jaw (28 in total) will suffice. Why we don’t we replace missing third molars? This is because third molars usually don’t play any active role in mastication and speech. Therefore, dentists do not usually replace them.

So, coming back to the question, you can replace as many teeth as you want to replace. If you need a single tooth replacement, you can get a crown. In case you need replacement more than two teeth, your dentist can give you a partial denture or a bridge. Finally, complete dentures can also be attached to implants for the replacement of all missing teeth in a jaw.

Implants are a lifetime facility. They incur a sizable expense, and a certain amount of inconvenience during the installation and healing process. Hence the installation process must be executed thoroughly with full preparation. For this purpose, you may have to undergo additional surgeries so that you derive a long and trouble-free service from your investment. Need for addition surgical procedures will vary from case to case. Additional surgery that you may have to pay for is of three types.

Extraction of unwanted teeth: If you are replacing a bad tooth, it must to be extracted. If you are looking for a full bridge using implants, any existing teeth are mobile, infected or have a hopeless prognosis must be extracted. Some teeth get directly joined with the bone (ankylosed), and may need to be surgically extracted.

Hard tissue augmentation: The advantage of implants lies in the strength with which they attach to the jaw bone. If the site of the implant is deficient in bone volume and density, additional bone may have to be grafted. That is a surgical operation. Bone must be ‘harvested’ from another site in the mouth and grafted to the new location. This means two surgeries at least. Alternatively, bone may be obtained from a tissue bank. If bone is obtained from a tissue bank, only one surgery per graft is required. Finally, the implant procedure can be carried out after the graft has taken root.

Soft tissue reconstruction: In some cases it is necessary augment the gum tissue around the implant to fully cover it and to make look aesthetic. In case your gums are deficient of tissue at the proposed sites gum tissue will need to be grafted.

This question will be best answered after an implant dentist has examined you. He or she will look at the condition of your teeth, gums, and the jaw bone. Tests will be required to assess the condition of teeth and their roots under the gum, and the bone quality and mass. The dentist will then discuss with you the various options available. Depending on your functional and aesthetic requirements, budget priorities, and the insurance plan, you and your dentist can decide together. For your information, and to help you understand the dentist’s suggestions we describe below the various classes of implants and their applications briefly.

Implants can be classified according to three parameters: installation position (within or outside the jaw bone), size, and the purpose for which those are installed.

Installation position

There are two main categories depending on the place they are installed in the jaw.

  • Endosteal implants: This is the most common type of implants used. Endosteal implants are screwed into the jawbone (endo means inside) under the gum line. The shape may be cylindrical (straight or tapered downwards) or disc shaped. Patients who have sufficient bone in their jaws are candidates for this type of implant.
  • Subperiosteal implants: These implants are given to those patients who, for some reason, do not have sufficient mass and quality of bone in their jaw to support the normal endosteal implant. 3-D model of the jaw bone obtained from CT scans help in installation.  A metallic framework is designed and fitted over the jawbone but kept under the gum. Metallic posts protruding from the framework through the gum then support the artificial crowns.  Use of CAD/CAM facilities help complete the entire procedure in a single visit.


Implants can also be classified by sizes. The sizes are, in decreasing in decreasing order of size.

  • standard
  • mini


Implants are also classified by the type of restoration they are used for. The types are:

  • Single tooth: A single implant is sufficient to support a single tooth. In this case, a crown will placed over the implant with the help of an abutment, to complete the artificial tooth structure.
  • Multiple teeth: Two or more teeth can be supported on a bridge or denture, on two or more implants.
  • All-on-4: A complete set of teeth of one jaw is supported by a total of four implants. Sometimes 6, or 8 implants may be needed for the upper jaw and five or seven for the lower jaw. Check out our infographics about Nobel Biocare implants.
  • Combinations of fixed and removable bridgework: A removable denture section gets attached to a fixed bridge which is supported on implants.
  • Implant supported over-dentures: Traditional dentures press on the gum and result in bone loss in the empty sockets. An implant supported overdenture is useful for those who want a complete denture and yet avoiding the bone resorption associated with the traditional denture.
  • Orthodontic anchorage for tooth movement: This is a very interesting application of dental implants. When orthodontists need to move teeth quickly for alignment and straightening, they install an implant onto selected teeth or sites in the jaw bone. Orthodontic devices are then made to apply forces to these implants resulting in faster movement of teeth than conventional methods.
  • Temporary bridgeworks: A patient becomes toothless during the healing period of implants. Removable micro-mini implants can be installed with temporary bridgeworks on them. Those are removed when the permanent teeth are applied.

This is a very wise question. Just because everybody is going for implants is not a valid reason for a wise person to rush for dental implants. Dental implants mean a hefty investment of hard-earned money. You have to make a cold, calculated decision as to whether you want to go for dental implants or choose any of the other options we have discussed in the relevant chapter of this book. Dental implants are currently the latest option in tooth replacements that the dental profession can provide. In this chapter, we try to discuss both the merits and the demerits of implants as compared with the other tooth replacement options already available.

Demerits of dental implants

First, I start with the demerits of dental implants.

  • Initial high cost of treatment: A very visible argument against getting implants is that they have a high upfront cost. The cost of a complete implant bridge can be in tens of thousands of dollars.  However, the counter arguments is that those are the high end figures. You can shop around. Prices vary from dentist to dentist, within the same city, and within the state. And there is the choice to look for cheaper offers abroad and enjoy a holiday as well during the process.
  • Surgical complications: Implants involve surgical operations. Complications can arise, although they are rare. Peri-implantitis is one infectious condition which may develop around the implant location.
  • Incomplete / failure of osseointegration: Other problems with dental implants can occur due to failed ossoeintegration, and nerve or tissue damage. However, these problems re rare and well-known. The success rate of implants is at 98% if properly cared for and 95 % if cases of lack of care are also included. This success rate is far better than those of the alternates available, particularly in view of their shorter life-times.

But the overall quality of life with dental implants is far superior to that obtainable with conventional restorations. Here are some of the reasons why people normally prefer, and I as well recommend dental implants over other types of dental restorations. These benefits more than offset the extra upfront cost of implants.

  • Long life: Implants will virtually last you for your lifetime. This is because they are prepared from high quality and durable titanium alloys.
  • Permanent and non-slip: Dental implants are like natural tooth roots over which a crown is firmly placed. Thus, there is no chance of the teeth or denture slipping out at the wrong moment. There is no risk of social embarrassment due to their slippage or falling out a happens with conventional dentures.
  • Firm rooting: This is the basic reason for most of the merits of implants. Screwed into the jaw bone, they are held very firmly, and act just like the roots of a natural tooth.
  • Natural function and feel: Since they are firmly rooted in the jaw like natural teeth, they feel and function like natural teeth. The patient can simply forget that he or she is wearing artificial teeth.
  • Post care: In contrast with conventional dentures teeth and dentures fixed on implants do not need any special care. Daily brushing and flossing along with regular inspection visits should suffice.
  • Your teeth remain in your mouth: Your teeth do not have to be removed at night and for cleaning. They are part of your mouth as were the original natural teeth.
  • No soaking solutions: Since your teeth need not, and cannot, be removed, there is no need for any soaking solutions as required for storage of conventional dentures.
  • No bone loss: Implant supported teeth and dentures do not cause bone loss as do conventional removable dentures.
  • Osseointegration: The implants rather encourage bone growth into the metal surface of the implant. That process is called osseointegration.
  • Repair and maintenance: No repair and maintenance is needed except for a possible tightening of a loose screw.
  • High success rate: Implants are reported in the literature to have success rate close to 98 percent.
  • Cost-effectiveness: The upfront cost is more than offset by the many benefits of the implants, and in the ultimate analysis they more cost effective.

In my opinion, dental implants are the best option for replacing your missing teeth. In fact, dental implants are the latest dental replacements dentistry can offer. However, even though they function and feel just like natural teeth and do not suffer from the weaknesses of the other options, they are expensive and are not affordable by everyone. Although, as per my thinking dental implants are still quite cost effective in view of the quality of life they permit. If, for some reason you cannot be given implants, or you do not want to choose implants, I am discussing some of the other teeth replacement options that you can consider:

Tooth supported bridge

Single tooth replacement: A single tooth can be replaced in the following manners Tooth supported bridge

  • Tooth supported bridge: The replacement tooth (pontic) is supported on crowns placed on healthy teeth on either side. It has been the most common replacement method for replacing single teeth when implants were not available. It has several disadvantages
    1. The two healthy teeth must be grinded to accommodate crowns to which the pontic will be attached. The teeth can weaken.
    2. These bridges do have as long a life as implant teeth, and need maintenance during their life time.
    3. Jaw bone around the empty socket tends to decay (resorb).  With time depressions appear in the facial contours around that region.


Removable partial denture

  • Removable partial dentures: The dentures sit on the gum, and take support by suction or adhesive. Grinding down of the adjacent teeth is not required. However, they are neither as stable nor as comfortable as dental implants. Dentures can also cause problems with speech and eating. Partial dentures are less expensive than implant-supported ceramic crowns.
  • Maryland bridges or resin-bonded bridges are used where too much chewing stress is not expected, ie, in restoring a lost front tooth. Support is taken from adjacent teeth, those need not be grinded. The pontic simply bonded to the adjacent teeth. Obviously, a Maryland bridge is not as strong as the regular fixed bridge.

Resin bonded bridge


  • Replacing multiple teeth: If you want to replace just one or two teeth a fixed bridge is possible as alternative to implants. Of course, it is not as good, and suffers from the limitations of the fixed bridge as If multiple teeth are to be replaced, a partial denture is the only alternative to implant supported replacement. It is not as expensive as implants, but is less convenient, allows bone resorption in the vacant tooth sockets, and will distort the facial contours over time. One must be careful with what one eats. The partial denture must be removed at night to allow the gum to ‘breathe’. The removed denture must be kept in a soaking solution. It must be handled carefully. It is brittle and may break or crack if it falls. It may also hamper speaking, smiling and eating.

Complete removable denture


  • Replacing all teeth: The alternative to implants is the complete removable denture (conventional denture). The know-how for the complete removable denture is quite common. The denture is not expensive. However, it suffers from multiple drawbacks as for the partial removable dentures. Some of them are listed below:
    • It sits on the gum and is held by adhesives or suction with the gum or palate. Hence, it can slip out at the most inopportune moments causing embarrassment.
    • The choice of foods is limited. Hard stuff cannot be chewed.
    • They do not look as natural as implants.
    • They have limited life.
    • Need to be removed at night.
    • Must be soaked when not worn.
    • Must be handled very carefully. They are brittle and can crack or break if dropped accidentally.
    • Since the tooth sockets are vacant, bone resorption is possible. Loss of bone will distort facial features.

This is again a very important and interesting question. Again, the answer depends on the condition of your teeth, how many teeth priorities, and the dentist involved. The cost will involve multiple components, and I shall discuss each of them in this chapter.

Dentures solutions

Examination: To start with your medical and dental history will be reviewed. Then there will be a thorough examination of your teeth and gums to check whether you will benefit from implants, how many, and what type of implants are required and in what sizes. These tests can include

  • Visual examination: Your mouth will be visually examined carefully.
  • X-ray examination: A 3-D image of your jaws will be taken using possibly computer aided cone-beam X-ray to determine the condition of the teeth, their roots, and the jaw bone. This test is very important because the stability of the implant supported structures depends very much on the assets available in the mouth.
  • Bone density: tests may have to be performed separately to determine the quality of jaw bone in various parts of the jaw.

Treatment of underlying dental problems: If some treatment is needed, say for existing gum disease, that will be given before implant procedure can be started.

  • Removal of existing teeth: If some teeth need to be removed those will be removed under anesthesia. Extractions and anesthesia cost will be included.
  • Bone augmentation: In some cases the specialist may determine that the planned site of implant is deficient in bone mass or the quality is not good enough (bones porous) bone must be augmented through an autograft (bone from own body), or allograft (bone taken from tissue bank). Good quality bone will gradually replace the porous bone mass.
  • Sinus lift: In some cases a sinus lift operation may be advised to increase the height of the upper jaw. This surgery will also cost.

Implant abutment and the prosthesis: To all the above will be added the cost of the hardware-implants, abutment, and the required prosthesis (crown, dentures or bridge) which may cost a significant fraction of the total implant expenditure.

After the examination, the implant dentist will discuss with you all your various options which can accommodate your desires and your budget priorities. That is the time to discuss frankly with your implant specialist before making a final decision. I would recommend that you must also discuss with him or her the applicability of your insurance package, or any other question that comes to your mind regarding your treatment.

People often ask me this question. So, I thought why don’t I answer it in detail here? So here it goes! The cost of acquiring implants depends, among many other things, on the number of implants installed. It is an important term in the sum for cost of dental implant treatment. The number of implants required to support your teeth varies from case to case.

  • Replacing one or two missing adjacent teeth: If you are replacing only one or two adjacent teeth a single implant can easily support a small partial denture or bridge.
  • Replacing complete dentition with implants: on the other hand, if you need to replace all the teeth in a jaw with the help of a complete denture, at least 4 implants in each jaw are required to provide satisfactory results. This type of prosthesis is known as an all on 4 supported denture. Depending on the specifics of the case, six or even eight implants may be used in the upper jaw, possibly, five or seven in the lower jaw. The number of implants required for a complete jaw is a rather ‘technical’ decision. The number of implants, their locations and angulation all depend on the condition of the jaw bone.

An important consideration is that the bone should have sufficient strength at the proposed locations of implants. If bone is found to be deficient in quality or quantity, it may have to be grafted from elsewhere. Both the volume and density of the both together determine the structural quality of the bone. Patients looking for implant dentures are often deficient in bone in many parts of their jaw. Exactly which places sufficient bone is available affects the planned location and the number of implants. In the case of the upper jaw, the number also depends on how many teeth you want to have there, and how many natural teeth are present on the lower jaw.

The decision as to how many implants are optimally required will be taken after a thorough examination. This examination can include a panoramic or a cone-beam x-ray, along with bone density tests. These tests will decide how many implants, and what type and size of implants are required. Their positions and angular orientation will also be carefully determined for optimal strength at minimal cost. The number of implants employed to support a denture could also be affected by your budget priorities.

  • Uncontrolled disease: Chronic diseases which are not under control can reduce the healing ability of the body. For example, if diabetes is not under control, the patient is not a good candidate for implants, because healing will be impaired. However, if your diabetes is well under control then you can get an implant. Similarly, leukemia and hyperparathyroidism can also affect the success of a dental implant. People undergoing chemotherapy should postpone getting an implant.
  • Chronic illnesses: chronic illnesses such as liver and kidney problems, tumors and auto-immune diseases are also an absolute contra-indication for getting implants. You should seek treatment for your medical illness first, and when you are healthy again you should visit your dentist for re-evaluation.
  • Poor oral hygiene: dental implants are bound to fail if you do not maintain optimal oral hygiene. Therefore, I will not consider giving dental implants to a patient who is unable to maintain dental hygiene. At least not till his or her oral health has attained a satisfactory level.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant females should not have dental implants in the first three months, although it is best to postpone the operation till after the baby has been delivered.
  • Psychiatric disorders: People with psychiatric or emotional stresses should be considered very carefully before being treated for an implant, because it can place extra psychological stress on the patient.
  • Lack of muscular coordination: Implants do not need as much care as do conventional dentures, but they still need regular oral hygiene. People who cannot for some reason, manage this should not invest in the expensive treatment.

An important requirement for the placement of dental implants is the presence of sufficient thickness and volume of the jaw, so that it can support the implant as well as the prosthesis that is placed over it. When the jaw is deficient in bone or the quality is not good enough your dentist can still have options for you. I will discuss these options here very briefly.

  • Bone augmentation: Bone can be augmented by placing bone grafting materials where required. The bone graft that is used to restore the quantity of the alveolar bone, can come from either human, animal or synthetic source. Here is a list of conditions which suggest you should not take an implant:

This is a very important question. While most people will benefit from dental implants, some will not. The reason is that implants owe their strength and stability to a firm anchoring in the jaw bone. A very small percentage of people also have sensitivities which may cause problems. In case a patient does not have sufficient bone in the jaw at the location of the proposed implant, an implant is not advised. Similarly, quality of the bone matters. Diabetics and certain other categories may have bone density too low to support the implant along with its load. For this reason, your dentist will study your medical and dental history, and perform visual, radiographic and other tests to determine pre-hand whether implants are good for you.

The process of osseointegration is the real secret behind success of dental implants. Osseointegration is a natural process which is as important to success of the dental (and other implants) as the story of its discovery is interesting. Like many very useful scientific discoveries, the process of what we now call osseointegration also came to light by chance. It was in 1940, almost a century ago that Bothe and colleagues were experimenting with titanium as a prosthesis material for fractures in animal legs. They had chosen titanium for its strength and hardness. However, they noticed that the metal had a tendency to ‘fuse’ with the bone. Later, in 1951, Gottlieb Leventhal reported that the bonding of bone to titanium increased with passing time. In about four months the bonding was so strong that screws attached to the bones could not be removed without damaging the bone. The term “osseointegration” was later coined by Per-Ingvar Brånemark of Sweden who conducted further experiments with titanium objects in rabbit bones. In 1965, Gösta Larsson was the first human to receive a dental implant, again at the hands of Professor Brånemark. Since that time, osseointegration has been studied extensively. This property is also found in certain other materials, but as of 2016, titanium alloys are the preferred choice for dental implants and other surgical implants. The alloying is done to modify mechanical properties of titanium as desired.

The process takes place automatically when a titanium object remains in contact with living bone. Bone cells grow onto the surface of the metal, and the bond is mature in three to six months. It is for this reason that in the routine implant placement procedures, dentists like to give a gap of about three to six months after installation of implants before a prosthesis is built over them. In the case when implants are loaded in a single day, the dentists advise patients not to load their implants with hard food initially. I shall discuss more about conventional and same day implant loading in more detail in the preceding chapters. Before that, let’s discuss who can benefit from dental implants?

In a matter of a few years only, dental implants have become very popular. They have pushed all other options including conventional dentures to the background, despite an appreciable difference in cost. This is not only due to any media campaign. Dental implant, in fact, have many merits which are not possessed by their alternatives such as dentures and bridges. I will discuss some of the major advantages of dental implants in the paragraphs below.

Happy patient smiling after a successful treatment journey
  • Firm rooting: Dental implants are rigidly held by the jaw bone, as firmly as nuts and bolts in a machine. This is because the dental implant is in fact a metallic object screwed into the bone. Special alloys of titanium metal are employed for making the implants through state of the art metallurgical processes. In addition, due to the bone promoting capability of Titanium alloys, bone cells grow into the titanium surface through a process known as osseointegration, or bone integration. The artificial tooth or teeth are firmly attached to this post through a metallic abutment.
  • Implant-supported dentures do not slip: Conventional dentures have a very serious limitation that they are not firmly rooted in the mouth. Rather, they are held by suction between the denture base and the gums. They can slip or fall out at the most inopportune moment causing serious embarrassment on social occasions and very intimate moments. Implant-supported dentures and teeth will not slip out because implants are firmly and permanently rooted in the jaw bone.
  • Natural feel and function: Teeth supported on implants look and feel just like natural teeth because of this firm rooting. They also function like natural teeth posing virtually no limitations to the wearer.
  • No special hygienic care is required: perhaps, one of my favorite positive points of implants in comparison to other teeth replacement options is that there is no special oral hygiene care required for them. On the other hand, if you have conventional dentures, hygiene is cumbersome. You need to remove the dentures for cleaning after eating and before going to be. Implant supported dentures are permanently fixed and should be brushed and flossed just like natural teeth.
  • No need to remove and no special storage: Conventional dentures need to be removed at night. Whenever removed, they need to be stored in special storage solution for fear of shrinkage. Implants do not need any such care. Dentures also need extra care when removed for cleaning or storage. They are brittle and may break or crack. Cracked or scratched dentures should not be used because the scratch or crack can house infection. Implants are totally free of any such possibility because they are permanently attached.
  • No bone loss: Dental implants prevent bone loss (bone resorption) as would occur around jaw bone that does not have teeth. Additionally, bone resorption is rather accelerated when you start wearing removable dentures. On the other hand, implants encourage bone growth through a process called osseointegration (bone integration). Bone cells physically grow into the metal surface of the titanium implant.
  • Long life: in my experience dentures tend to last for three to four years, despite extensive care. After that duration, they need to be replaced. Implants are prepared from highly durable materials, and are  virtually for life.
  • Repair and maintenance: Implants need no repair and maintenance, except for a possible visit for tightening a loose screw. This is in contrast with conventional dentures which frequently need relining or even replacement. Also, maintanence of removable dentures is also difficult, since they need to washed and cleansed regularly, and they are prone to immediate fracture in case they are accidentally dropped.
  • High success rate: The success rate of implants is close to 98 percent as reported in dentistry literature. This is a very high rate of success unmatched by any other restoration.
  • Cost-effectiveness: No doubt implants are expensive upfront. However, when we add the repair and replacement costs associated with dentures, and the intangible advantages of the implant, the latter come out to be really cost-effective. So, I wouldn’t consider the initial high cost of implants as a drawback.
    Are you wondering why dental implants are so durable and long lasting? This is due to the phenomenon of ossoeintegration. In the next pages, I will discuss how ossoeintegration plays a vital role in ensuring excellent stability, durability and retention of implant-supported prostheses.

Here, I am providing you with the “golden list”. This is the list of things / procedures / investigations that you need to complete, before your implant placement process can be started. Your implant professional will generally follow a checklist like the one below. However, it can vary for each dental practitioner.

Dentist consultation dental implants

Thorough preoperative examinations are performed to assess your eligibility for getting dental implants, consisting of:

-Blood test

-Check / treatment of systemic diseases like diabetes and blood pressure

-Mouth examination

-Bite check and condition of the gum ridge to determine the size and position of the implants.

-Check for gum disease, tooth decay, and biting anomalies, if any.

-X-ray examination to determine bone height in the gum.

-Computer aided tomography (CT) is an x-ray examination procedure which generates 3-D images and helps in planning the implant sizes, positions and angulations.

-Preparations before implant treatment

  • Treatment of gum disease and tooth decay of teeth which are to be kept.
  • Correction of bite and prevention of bruxism (teeth grinding and clenching habits)

-Preparative surgery:

  • Extraction of unwanted teeth (in case of full dentures)
  • Bone grafting where necessary
  • Gum grafting where necessary

The patient will need to observe the following:

-Lifestyle changes. Give up (gradually, if necessary) drinking and/or smoking. It will speed up recovery and prolong the life of the implants.

-Get rid of any cold, fever, or any other underlying medical or dental illness that may hamper implant healing and ossoeintegration. You cannot be considered for getting dental implants, unless you are completely physically fit.

Once osseo-integrated, your implants are like your natural teeth. You need to observe routine dental hygiene, and ensure six monthly visits to the dentist for check-up. Sometimes a tightening may become necessary, but is not frequent. You can eat normal food , but it may be wise to avoid very hard stuff.

A half-year check-up is a regular appointment you have with your dentist to check if everything is alright or you need any kind of dental treatment. Why is it important?

The importance of half-year dental check-up:

  1. It helps to prevent bigger and more serious dental problems.
  2. Early recognition makes any dental problems easier and less expensive to cure.
  3. A half-year check-up includes cancer screening.
  4. The guarantee of any dental treatments performed by Forest & Ray is only valid if you attend the regular checkups!

Dental professionals understand that if you are wearing dentures or have missing teeth, implants can enhance your life quality and provide you with the confidence you need while smiling and eating.

Dental implants have reinvented the replacement of teeth. Before the invention of oral implants, people with dentures could not chew certain types of food. However, dental implants changed the scenario and provided a superior fix to missing teeth.

The advancement of dentures changed the lifestyle of patients with artificial teeth. Back in time, people with dentures were unable to chew appropriately. This meant they were missing out on essential foods and nutrients. However, this altered with the progression of oral implants.

A dental implant is placed into the jawbone. A small incision is made on the gums, and after this, your dentist uses different sized drills to create a passage. Once this is achieved, they will place the implant into the bone and stitch the overlying gum tissue. The dental implant placement process is done under local anaesthesia, ensuring that you are comfortable and pain-free during the procedure. Once the dental implant heals and integrates with the jawbone, a crown is placed over it. It can take anywhere from 3-6 months for the dental implant to integrate with the jawbone.

Benefits And Drawbacks of Dental Implants

There are many options to replace missing teeth; one of these options is dentures. Dentures are removable and come with certain restrictions. Unlike dentures, dental implants serve as a fixed replacement. Implants are screwed into the jaw bone and hold the crown in its place.

  • Implants are a long-lasting solution to tooth loss.
  • There is no need for special cleansing or adhesives, and maintenance is easy.
  • Consuming your favourite foods will be possible.
  • Compared to dentures, an implant does not loosen and offers a permanent fixed solution.
  • Dental implants may cost more but are the most superior and long-lasting alternative to replacing the missing tooth.
  • You can easily care for your implants the same way you would for your natural teeth.

You  Must Think About Dental Implants If:

  • You’re insecure about your look. Nothing is even worse than hiding your smile.
  • You have to avoid your favourite foods because of chewing difficulties.
  • Your current dentures or oral bridges are not suitable.

How long is the treatment?

Getting an oral implant is a multi-step procedure that can take several months. When you were determined as a good candidate by the dentist, you will be advised for dental implants. In case of picking this dental solution, you ought to know that it consists of the extraction of your damaged tooth.

When the implant remains in place, your jaw and surrounding tissues will require some time to recover. This can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. At this time, our dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontitis will examine the implant site to ensure it is adequately healed.

Another significant aspect of dental implants: they are easy to maintain by brushing and flossing, just like your natural teeth because, after all, they are the closest thing you can have to your natural teeth.

You no longer have to compromise on your smile; with dental implants, you can get the beautiful smile you have always desired.

Dentofacial Orthopaedics is the process of correcting and guiding the growth of dental bone structures. It also involves the correction of a sucking habit or an abnormal swallowing pattern that can reshape the dental bones. This therapy often begins when the patient is around 7 years old.

Dentofacial Orthopaedics
Orthodontics moves teeth with conventional braces. Dentofacial Orthopaedics involves the guidance of facial growth and development of the jaws, using appliances like headgear, expanders, functional appliances, etc. At Forest and Ray, we can diagnose any teeth or jaw misalignment, and plan orthodontics and orthopaedic treatment for your child.

Phase I (Orthopaedics) / Interphase (resting time) / Phase II (Orthodontics)

Children are the best candidates for dentofacial orthopaedic treatment. If your child begins orthodontic treatment before all adult teeth have erupted, this is called phase one treatment. During this phase (phase I), your orthodontist will use appliances to correct the alignment of your child’s jaws before beginning the second phase (phase II) of treatment, which is to straighten the teeth with conventional braces or aligners.

Orthodontics and Orthopaedics = Phase I + Phase II

Usually, orthopaedic treatment may precede conventional braces. But sometimes Orthopaedic appliances and conventional braces are used together. So, if your child has an expander and braces, he is undergoing orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics at the same time.

When should I book an orthodontic check-up for my child?

The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children have their first orthodontic check-up no later than age 7. 

Remember, there is a difference between an orthodontic check-up and starting orthodontic treatment. Only a few orthodontic problems will need to be corrected before or around the age of 7.

The time to start the treatment is determined by the child’s orthodontic problem and the child’s stage of dental development. At Forest and Ray, we will advise you on the ideal time for your child to start the treatment. If there is an orthodontic problem, but the patient is not ready to start the orthopaedic or orthodontic treatment, we will take a conservative approach and monitor your child’s growth and development. If your child is older than 7, it is not too late for a check-up. Keep in mind that many patients begin treatment between the ages of 9 and 14.

Should I wait to book an orthodontic check-up until my child has all permanent teeth?

No. Waiting until all the permanent teeth are out, or until facial growth is nearly completed, could make correcting bone problems more difficult. As the child gets older, some orthopaedic problems become worse and more difficult to treat. Some problems cannot be corrected once the face and jaws are no longer growing.

What about the costs?

At Forest & Ray, we provide you highest quality orthodontic treatments, with top quality materials at an affordable price.

When it comes to starting orthodontic treatment with us, you don’t have to worry about unexpected, hidden costs. We offer orthodontics treatment packages so the length and costs of the treatment are predictable. Please inquire about our package offers or review our price list!

Achieving and maintaining a healthy smile is a lifelong process. It is essential that we adhere to the necessary oral care habits on a daily basis as well as procure the right oral care products. In our article, we summarized what are the most important oral care habits to look out for in our daily routine.

Don’t go to bed without brushing your teeth!

It’s no secret that brushing teeth twice a day is the general recommendation to maintain proper oral hygiene. Nevertheless, many people continue to neglect evening brushing. Brushing your teeth before going to bed frees us from bacteria and plaque  that accumulates on our teeth during the day, so we should not miss it!

Brush your teeth properly!

The technique of brushing your teeth is just as important as regularity. Take time to brush your teeth! Use the toothbrush to remove plaque by gently moving in a circular motion to prevent the build-up of tartar, which often leads to gingivitis.

Don’t forget to clean your tongue either!

Plaque also accumulates on our tongues. This can lead not only to an unpleasant mouth odour but also to other oral problems. Also gently wash your tongue as part of any tooth brushing.

Use fluoride toothpasteWe tend to think that the whitening effect or taste is the most important factors when choosing a toothpaste. In fact, no matter which version you choose, make sure it contains fluoride.

This is because fluoride provides excellent protection against tooth decay by providing a protective barrier to our teeth.

Dental floss, dental floss, dental floss!

Even most regular toothbrushes tend to neglect regularfloss use. In addition to using dental floss to remove pieces of food left between your teeth, it is also a great way to stimulate the gums and reduce plaque. Using floss once a day is usually sufficient.

Drink more water!

Water remains the best drink to maintain our overall health, including oral health. Drink a glass of water after each meal as this can help wash away sticky and acidic food and drink residue stuck between your teeth.

Eat crisp fruits and vegetables!

Consuming fresh, crispy foods contains not only healthy fiber but also the best choice for your teeth.

Parents are also encouraged to accustom their children to foods that are more difficult to chew at an early age. Let’s try to avoid things that are processed too pasty and let our teeth chew!

Avoid acidic and sugary foods!

The sugar is converted to acid in the mouth, destroying the enamel. Acidic fruits, teas and coffee can also wear the enamel of our teeth. While it is not necessary to completely avoid such foods, it does not hurt to be careful about their frequency.

Visit our dentist at least twice a year!

Our general dental health is greatly influenced by our daily habits, however, it is essential that we visit our dentist every six months for a general check-up! This is because the dentist is able to detect potential dental problems in time and also provides treatment solutions.

At the Forest & Ray Dental Practice, you come to any of our dentists, you can trust yourself with a calm heart because of your expertise and practice, and you can be sure that you will receive a friendly reception and special attention.

Dental prevention not only helps against oral diseases but can also alert you to the symptoms of other diseases that occur elsewhere in your body. That is why it is extremely important that when you visit your dentist, ask a few questions that will help you allay any concerns you may have.

Sometimes it is difficult to start a dialogue, so we have gathered 5 questions that are recommended to ask during your next dental visit.

What is the condition of my teeth?

It is a simple and comprehensive question, so it is worth asking. If you have any concerns about your dental health, be sure to share this with your dentist, who will help you identify any problems and recommend the appropriate treatment.

How can I improve my oral hygiene habits?

Of course, we strive every day to adhere to the recommended oral care routine. However, depending on your individual situation, your dentist may suggest minor changes, such as changing the amount of fluoride used in your daily brushing. It is therefore worth asking if there is a need to redesign our oral care routine.

What kind of treatment would I need further?

Our dentist has the most information about the condition of our teeth. That is why he/she is happy to help you recommend further treatment. For example, the dentist can recommend a mouthguard against gnashing of teeth at night, or a teeth whitening procedure to make your smile brighter. You should ask for your dentist’s opinion about your further treatment.

Is there any dental problem that is worth asking the GP?

Signs of many diseases appear as dental problems. Ask if your dentist will detect a sign of another illness, which is why you may want to take another type of medical examination.

Do I need other health information before dental treatments?

Our GP can provide valuable information to our dentist to help you develop a treatment plan. Medications, vitamin deficiencies, and certain conditions (such as diabetes) can affect the condition of our teeth, and knowledge about it can change our dental care plan.

At our dentistry, we provide a full oral and dental condition assessment for the patients treated by us during the six-month control examination, as well as perform a panoramic X-ray and oral cancer screening, and our dentists also provide personalized oral care advice.

Dental opinions are divided on the positive effects of chewing gum on our teeth and oral hygiene. Some recommend it, some don’t and we have also heard of a country where chewing gum has been banned. In the next article, we will explore this myth!

The habit comes from our ancestors

Chewing gum has been widespread in various ancient cultures for thousands of years, certainly not in its “modern” form today. The American Indians chewed the resin of the spruce, while the ancient Greeks also chewed a type of resin, the mastic, for a pleasant, fresh breath.

Interestingly, the mastic is still used in dentistry to this day, but only externally (e.g., soaking its ethereal solution in cotton wool).

Modern nutrition

Refined, pre-processed foods and increased sugar consumption are a major threat to the integrity of our teeth.

Because sugar is also a carbohydrate, the bacteria in the mouth form an acid during a breakdown. The more sugar a food contains, the more acid is produced that alkaline saliva can no longer neutralize. As a negative result of this process, there is a higher chance of damaged tooth enamel, gums and tooth decay.

The process can be stopped by not allowing the pH of the oral cavity to drop. Sugar-free chewing gum can help us with this.

Sugar-free chewing gum

Perhaps surprisingly, sugar-free chewing gum, while adhering to proper and regular oral care habits, contributes to healthy oral hygiene.

Xylitol-containing chewing gums stimulate salivation and also have an antibacterial effect. Thus, a few minutes of chewing will help to dilute the acids that are dangerous to your teeth and mouth.

Additional benefits of sugar-free chewing gum:

  • Neutralizes digestive juices harmful to tooth enamel
  • It removes food debris and plaque, thus preventing the formation of tartar.
  • Reduces dry mouth
  • It helps to incorporate the necessary minerals into the teeth
  • It is convenient and easy to apply in everyday life.

Disadvantages of sugar-free chewing gum

  • Research suggests that excessive chewing gum can harm jaw loosening. That is why if you feel facial muscle pain, it is worth resting for a few days to chew or consult a specialist.
  • Chewing gum can also cause a lot of discomforts when it gets stuck in a tooth filling, prosthesis and destroys it.

Forbidden chewing

Interestingly, there was a time in Singapore that chewing gum was banned, only with certain restrictions could this product be sold or consumed. This was because there were heavy costs involved in removing spit chews in public areas. Although we can already buy chews in pharmacies when we are in Singapore, let us know that spitting it out on the street is still severely punished to this day.

Of course, sugar-free chewing gum is by no means a substitute for regular brushing with proper technique, nor does it trigger additional oral care habits.

The situation caused by Covid-19 has been challenging for all of us.We hope that the worst part is already over so our dental practice can go back to normal. Of course, we pay attention to those conditions which ensure safe clinic treatment for all our patients.

At the moment, most of our doctors and the full range of treatments are available. However, in order to ensure the maximum safety of our patients and our team, we provide general, surgical and orthodontic treatments by introducing extra preventional measures.

The most important information:

  • We limit the number of people staying in the building / waiting room at the same time, thus helping to maintain social distance.
  • All surfaces are disinfected regularly.
  • Special air filters have been installed and a gemicidal lamp is used in the operator to disinfect the air space.
  • For the most secure payment, you can only pay online, by credit card (or, in case of prepayment, by bank transfer).
  • We are constantly monitoring and following the Public Health England guidelines

The well being of our patients is always our number one priority, our goal is to continue to provide you with the highest quality dental care. We take these measures very seriously, making sure we can meet again, in a safe environment.

On the following infographics, you can find all the safety measures:

Contact us today!



Unfortunately, diabetes has now become an endemic, with 64 million people aged from the age of 18 and over, living in the European Region, according to the WHO. This metabolic disease often affects the entire body, so it also affects the oral cavity.

Blood Sugar Test At London Dentist

The most common dental complaints

Gingivitis and periodontal inflammation, various oral mucosal lesions, or dry mouth are much more common in patients with diabetes.

Gingivitis and periodontitis

Patients with diabetes are three times more likely to go under these conditions. These diseases can occur up to two – three times more often in diabetic patients, which is also dangerous because it can eventually lead to tooth loss. These diseases can be traced back to decreasing saliva production. As a result, the self-cleaning of the mouth is weakening, the plaque sticks to the teeth faster, which leads to tooth decay and then gingivitis.

Oral mucosal lesions

As a result of high blood sugar level and regular use of antibiotics, fungi that cause oral infections which are able to grow faster in the mouth. These can cause – in the worst case – painful mouth mold.

Dry mouth

A common side effect of diabetes is a decrease in saliva production, which causes dry mouth. Often this comes with a burning feeling, pain, ulcers and various infections. It is also worth addressing this problem as burning feeling, pain, ulcers and various infections can also result by dry mouth.

How can we reduce the complaints?

People with diabetes are required to have the right thorough dental and oral care habits and to attend in dental consultations regularly. Quitting smoking is highly recommended as the combination of diabetes and smoking multiplies the chances of oral cancer.

Prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis: Brush your teeth for half an hour after each meal to ensure that the plaque is removed properly. Also pay attention to thorough profound cleaning of the areas between the teeth, this can be helped by the regular use of dental floss.

Against dry mouth: The use of a mouth moisturizing gel or fluoride mouthwash is recommended. Regular sipping of sugar-free chewing gum, diabetic candy or a sugar-free drink will also help.

It is important to inform your dentist about your condition diabetes at the first appointment, as in this case the patient also needs special attention from the dentist in order to prevent the development of the diseases listed above.

Digitization is also having a major impact on the future of dental laboratory. What innovative solutions can we expect from modern dental technology? In this article, we present new directions!

The future of dental laboratory technology industry

New directions in dental laboratory

The achievements of modern technology allow for much more precise work, both in the planning and production of dental devices. The implementation of dental implants, bridges, crowns, removable dentures is becoming more and more easier and efficient with using computers.

Technology changes extremely fast, often difficult to keep up with increasingly developed devices. In addition, acquiring these can be a potential investment, not to mention the time and energy required to train dental technicians individually.

3D printing in dental technology

With so-called CAD / CAM (computer-aided, computer-manufactured) technology, the production process starts with the classic steps. First, you need to make an impression as well as a plaster sample. Conventionally, the dental technician then shapes the frame of the crowns from a special material, which is an extremely cumbersome job.

However, with the digital solution, the finished plaster sample is placed in a scanner, and then the product is manufactured using a 3D printer. Of course, in this case, there is no need to preserve the plaster sample either, as this is stored by the computer.

Another advantage is that the 3D printer is able to produce always the same quality, and the result will be accurate.

The effect of digitization is also that distances are no longer an obstacle, so the dental technician can send his work as an “attached file” anytime, anywhere.

3D printing is currently used in the following cases: metal replacements and plastic drilling templates, bite templates, manufacture of orthodontic appliances.

Further prospects

Impressions are also projected to lose its importance as scanning evolves and spreads, as everything will happen digitally. It is also expected that new, innovative materials will emerge that will be much more flexible as well as more gentle with joints.

What is important to note, however, is that the use of digital devices does not mean the disappearance of the human workforce. In this profession, manuality plays an important role, which gives the uniqueness of the product.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

If you currently don’t have the possibility to a chair-side whitening, some home alternatives can also help you get a bright white smile. In this article, we will introduce some of these!

Home practices for whiter teeth

The most important thing is that proper oral care habits are essential in all cases, teeth whitening can only be the last step in this ritual.

What can cause tooth discolouration?

  • Eating habits: black tea, coffee, red wine and other foods with a lot of dye can colour the tooth enamel.
  • Ageing: a natural part of the aging process is that our teeth lose their whiteness.
  • Other: substances in medicines and smoking also can affect the whiteness of our teeth.

Home alternatives for whiter teeth

Coconut oil and turmeric

Soak your toothbrush in a mixture of turmeric and coconut oil (in a teaspoon), then massage your teeth and gums. Finally, rinse with water. In addition to its teeth whitening effect, turmeric has other positive features like its antiviral and antibacterial effect.

Baking soda

We can spray the baking soda on our toothbrush and then brush our teeth in the “traditional” way, gently rubbing our teeth with a toothbrush.

Alternatively, you can make a mixture of baking soda and water. After that soak your toothbrush for a few hours. Brush your teeth with the toothbrush thus prepared.

Although baking soda whitens teeth nicely, use it occasionally because the friction of the soda grains can damage the tooth enamel.


You can also rub the surface of your tooth with freshly squeezed lemon juice using your fingers. The acids in lemon have a teeth whitening effect. However, this method is also not recommended for frequent use because citric acid can also cause tooth erosion and tooth sensitivity.


Fresh, preferably less ripe strawberries are also suitable for cleaning teeth. Simply rub the teeth with strawberries to achieve the desired effect. In this case, too, use it only occasionally as strawberries also contain acids that are harmful to tooth enamel.

Whitening toothpaste and mouthwash

Toothpaste that contains mild chemicals helps remove stains on the tooth surface, making our teeth whiter. Whitening mouthwashes provide fresh breath and help prevent gum diseases, although their whitening effect becomes apparent relatively later, as the fluid contacts the teeth only for a short time.

Teeth whitening strip

The teeth whitening strip can be easily glued to our teeth, even a sticker and regular use also helps in surface treatment, removes discolouration, and also provides fresh breath. The result will be visible in a few days.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

Tartar is nothing more than a layer of calcified plaque that forms on the surface of the teeth and below the gums. It is dangerous because it is an excellent breeding ground for bacteria, leading to periodontitis, bleeding gums, and, in the worst case, the loss of healthy teeth. Here are some tips to prevent tartar!

Brushing teeth twice a day

Regular and thorough brushing twice a day is a rule of thumb and it can help to prevent tartar. Brushing your teeth for a minimum of 3 minutes in the morning and evening will help prevent plaque build-up and prevent the formation of tartar. You may want to choose a small-headed toothbrush so you have access to all of your teeth.

Suitable toothbrush

We can choose from countless toothbrushes, from the traditional to the electric version. Patients’ often question whether to choose an electric or a conventional toothbrush. The good news is that both types of toothbrushes are great for cleaning your teeth properly, if it is used correctly. So feel free to choose what’s sympathetic for you. Take into account the size of the toothbrush: it is advisable to choose something with a soft bristle type, because by using this we can easily reach all teeth. A well-chosen toothbrush is one of our most effective tools in your daily oral care routine.

Fluoride toothpaste

The advantage of high fluoride toothpastes is that they have a significant anti-caries effect, which helps keeping tooth enamel intact. If a tooth is damaged, they also help stop further mineral loss. Fluoride toothpaste therefore not only helps in prevention, but can also restore enamel damage, so it is worth using.

Interdental cleaning

Unfortunately, even though we are professional toothbrushers, food debris and plaque remain in our gums even after the most thorough brushing. Therefore, it is recommended to use dental floss and mouthwash as part of our oral care routine.

By using dental floss, most of the diseases can be prevented in a large percentage. In order to keep our mouth clean, we can use mouthwash beside brushing and flossing. It is also useful because it reduces the activity of bacteria in our mouths, so it can be used to prevent tooth decay.

Keep your mouth clean

Eating habits

By reducing the daily amount of sugar, we can also take action against the formation of tartar, as the bacteria in our mouths are growing from sugar and starch. Strive to develop healthy eating habits, it not only helps to maintain the health of our teeth. If possible, drink water instead of soft drinks with an acidic pH. Consuming water is good for our teeth anyway, because if we drink enough water after a meal, it helps to minimize the amount of plaque.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

The issue of proper oral care is an eternal topic. Now that we spend a little more time at home, we have the opportunity to pay even more conscious attention to proper dental care techniques and to develop the essential habits associated with it.

Our health can also depend on our oral care habits

The condition of our teeth determines how we feel. Just think of an unexpected toothache…. how much inconvenience it can cause. What’s more, dental and oral problems can be predictors of diseases that can affect our entire body. This is why it is very important to follow basic oral care habits. Moreover it will avoid a lot of inconvenience as well and you can also prolong the dental visit with it.

Brushing routines as long as you #stayhome

Unfortunately, during your self-isolation period, our daily routine can be easily upset. Our morning habit of brushing our teeth before going to work may have been missed in the recent past. It is important not to leave this habit, just reschedule it! However, be sure to wait half an hour after the breakfast.

Anyway it may also be that we have no desire to brush our teeth, because of our numerous duties or whatever. To avoid this, refresh your brushing habits!

Brushing routines as long as you #stayhome

Make toothbrushing a fun program!

  • If you’re tired of brushing your teeth, get up! Listen to your favorite song or watch a funny video while brushing your teeth. You can even walk into the living room to entertain yourself with television during this time.
  • If you’re tired or just a little lazy, brush your teeth in the shower so you hit two birds with one stone!
  • Try the electric toothbrush because it will make the necessary movements for you. And you will be motivated by the power of novelty as well.
  • Remind yourself why it is important to brush your teeth twice a day. Look for motivational images on the net, for example, check out the smile of your favorite celebrity to encourage yourself!

Think about it! These daily minutes of dental care will save you from unpleasant dental interventions. Not to mention that brushing your teeth is one of the most rewarding investments in the long run.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

Gum inflammation is one of the most occured dental problems. If neglected, gum inflammation is dangerous because it can eventually lead to tooth loss. We’ve gathered some home practices for prevention or treat sudden symptoms until the next dental examination.

What causes gum inflammation?

The problem is most often caused by sticky plaque that settles on the gum tissue, making it an ideal place for bacteria to settle. They irritate the gums and cause painful inflammation.

Gum inflammation can also be caused by:

  • miss of vitamin,
  • allergy,
  • pregnancy,
  • improperly placed dentures or braces.

Symptoms of gum inflammation

Patients experience red, tender, swollen gums, bad breath, or bleeding gums.

Prevention of gum inflammation

The most effective way of prevention is a thorough and proper technique of brushing and regular tartar removal. The essence of proper technique is to perform circular and sweeping movements with the toothbrush, moving from the gums toward the teeth. Besides brushing your teeth, use dental floss or an <span id=”urn:enhancement-3cc8872c-fd07-47fb-a5c5-1de3eeab2e27″ class=”textannotation disambiguated wl-thing” itemid=””>interdental brush to get rid of bacterial colonies on your teeth. Since tartar is also ideal for bacteria, it is considered a hotbed of infection.

Home practices for gum inflammation

Salt-water rinsing: Salt has a strong disinfecting effect, and a salt-water rinsing also reduces the swelling, as it is able to extract the liquid in it. Preparation: Mix a spoon of common salt with a glass of lukewarm water and rinse the mouth thoroughly.

Tea made from sage: The herb has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. To date, it is the raw material for many dental medicines.

Aloe vera brush: A regenerating herb with antibacterial and antiviral effects, therefore it is also suitable for the treatment of gum inflammation when used as a brush.

Turmeric paste: Add a little water to a spoon of ground turmeric to form a spreadable paste. Apply this to the inflamed area and rinse off after a few minutes. The active ingredient in turmeric, curcumin, prevents the spread of inflammation through its anti-inflammatory properties.

Black tea: The tannins found in black tea have an anti-inflammatory effect. The used, previously cooled tea filter is placed on the inflamed area and removed after a quarter of an hour.

These therapies can help you get rid of the discomfort caused by gum inflammation effectively and naturally. However, it is important that if the symptoms do not improve after a week, we should s://”>see our dentist as soon as possible.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

During self-isolation, the daily routine is easily upset, but regular brushing should not be neglected! As a parent, keeping our child’s healthy dentures is our responsibility. How to make brushing an enjoyable program at home? We’ve brought you some tips!

Brushing your teeth can’t be started early enough!

There is a common misconception that you should start brushing your toddler’s teeth when all of them have grown out. Even a few months old baby’s gums need to be cleaned. Dental care habits should be made regular with the appearance of the first deciduous teeth.

In a short time, our child will learn the right brushing technique, however, it is worth checking until the age of six that the cleaning has been done thoroughly.

Synchronized brushing is an excellent way to educate your child about brushing his/her teeth independently. In this case you and child brush your teeth together.

Fun habit

Not all children can be easily persuaded to brush their teeth twice a day. However, parental supervision and motivation can encourage them to do this thoroughly. It helps a lot if our child feels brushing their teeth as a pleasant experience. Here are some tips.

Ideas to make brushing your child’s teeth more enjoyable

  • Today, we find a number of apps that help encourage our child to brush their teeth regularly while collecting virtual rewards.
  • There are also a number of brushing songs available online, from which we can choose. During brushing, listen to brushing songs together, which lasts at least 2 minutes, like this one:
  • Toothbrushes and toothpastes designed for children can also help. Let your child choose the best brush he or she likes.

Brushing teeth with role-playing games

Every child loves fairy tales, so we can come up with our own toothbrush fairy tale as well. The point is that you can only save the hero of the tale by brushing your teeth. Teeth can also be symbolized by animals or objects that need careful cleaning. You can also guess other characters, such as the Princess of Enamel or the evil hole-drilling dragons. Let’s not limit our imagination!

Dolls invented to develop brushing habits are also available in stores. But we can even buy a toothbrush as our child’s favorite toy. The point is, the little ones will be motivated by what happens to their favorite game and if the favorite games brush their teeth too, they will imitate.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

You may not be able to visit your orthodontist these days. We’ve collected what you can do on your own with home orthodontics.

Oral hygiene is crucial!

With fixed braces, it is important to brush your teeth thoroughly after every meal and before going to bed. It is important not to leave leftovers on the braces because it can also lead to dental problems.

It is also advisable to thoroughly clean the braces with a special toothbrush available for this purpose. The removable braces can also be cleaned with a toothbrush and toothpaste.

If it hurts during eating with braces

There may be days when eating with braces may hurt. In this case, it is worth eating foods that do not need to be chewed, like smoothies, cream soups or vegetables.

Ligation at home

  • If your surgery is closed for an extended period of time, ligation should continue at home. If you run out of rubber, you may inform the surgery.
  • The bracket may fall off during application of the ligature. If the rearmost lower bracket has fallen, place the rubber on the tooth in front of it, taking care to maintain symmetry.
  • It is also possible that several brackets will fall. If that doesn’t bother you, feel free to leave them on the particular arch. If it is uncomfortable, try removing both the rubber and the bracket.

The wire prickles!

If the wire prickles your mouth, you can safely cut off the given part of the wire. You can use a nail clipper or scissor. If you are afraid to do that, you can also try putting wax on it.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

Due to the epidemiological situation, you may not be able to visit your surgery immediately if you have a dental problem. We’ve collected some tips to help you to survive with less pain until your next consultation.

Toothache, decayed teeth, and inflamed gums

In the case of decayed teeth, you can survive with painkillers for a few days, but you should visit your dentist as soon as possible. Pain is most common at night, so sleeping on a higher pillow can help, as lying causes pain in your head due to the increased blood supply.

In case of gingivitis, the disinfectant mouthwashescan help with healing, these are available in pharmacies and drug stores. The following herbs have painkiller properties: sage, thyme, marigold, and yarrow, as well as arnica. We recommend myrrh for inflammation and eucalyptus has a disinfectant effect.

Abscess, or wound in the mouth

Because of the large number of sensory nerves in the mouth, even a small wound can be extremely painful during eating and drinking. Until you can go to your dentist for a consultation, painkillers are the only solution supplemented with a cold compress.

Loss of dental filling or bridge

In no case should chewing gum be replaced in place of a lost filling, this is just an urban legend. Unfortunately, there is no substitute for a filling, but it is useful to use clove oil cotton wool over the filling, which has an anti-inflammatory effect.

An unpleasant situation when the bridge used for dental prosthesis falls out of our mouth. Reattachment of the prosthesis is recommended only if it is absolutely necessary, but it is forbidden to leave this prosthesis at night as it may lead to suffocation.

Broken tooth

If the entire tooth has broken, there is a chance to replace it by your dentist later. This is possible only if you can keep it wet in saltwater or milk. However, if only a piece of your tooth has broken, it is not worth keeping it.

We will keep you informed about the updated information about Covid-19 and our practice here and on our Facebook page. Please call us on 020 8124 6138 or send an email to to help our team reschedule your appointment.

Spring is upon us. How about letting the excitement and anticipation of the season motivate you to improve your oral hygiene habits? Spring is the perfect season to refresh your oral routine and approach it with new vigour.

The dental professionals at Forest & Ray suggest you start your oral hygiene spring program by:

Renewing Old Equipment

If your toothbrush is showing wear and tear, it’s time to replace it. Or maybe it’s high-time to look at an electric toothbrush to keep your mouth fresh and your smile bright. These hi-tech gizmos are designed to get at the pesky particle lodged deep between teeth and gums.

Flossing, Flossing, Flossing

As efficient as electric toothbrushes are, nothing compares to a good daily flossing for getting at the small stubborn food particles that they miss. So, in addition to vigorous brushing for two minutes twice a day, be sure to floss. It is suggested that you use about 18 inches of floss per day so spring is a good time to take stock of your supply.

If flossing with string turns you off, upgrade to a water flosser to get the job done better than string-flossing, some experts say.

Replacing Toothpaste and Mouthwash

When spring comes around, ditch your toothpaste and mouthwash and start anew!

Did you know that even oral health tools, like toothpaste and mouthwash, have an expiration date? Most mouthwashes and toothpaste include a number of ingredients to ensure adequate cleaning, fluoridation, and to avoid plaque build-up and freshen breath. Each ingredient helps determine whether a product is still active.

At Forest & Ray, we recommend toothpaste that contains fluoride to help strengthen the enamel of teeth. Mouthwashes are also available with fluoride but, be cautious of choosing mouthwash with alcohol if there are young children in the house.

Eating Right

The onset of spring and with it our increased activity usually is accompanied by a desire to wat better. That’s good news for your teeth because good eating and good oral hygiene go hand-in-hand. A well-balanced diet that includes grains, fish, veggies, and fruits are especially good for your teeth. These food items tend to alleviate the risk of tooth decay and other dental problems. Some researchers also believe that omega-3 fats found in fish may decrease inflammation and can lessen the risk of gum diseases.

Eating right
Eating right

Scheduling A Check-up

Spring is the time to schedule your dental cleanings and check-ups for the year! Regularly visiting you Forest & Ray dentist, at least twice each year, helps to ensure your oral health is in its best possible shape and address any problems that might be developing. Your regular dental visit typically includes a check-up of all teeth, digital X-rays, and cleaning to get you started right for the new season! Dental visits can keep decay away, your gums healthy, and your breath fresh, and your smile looking its best!

So don’t delay. Be proactive and schedule your “spring cleaning” appointment with us. We’re waiting for you in our convenient, centre-city location. Your smile will thank you!

Congratulations on getting your dental implants. Now you can once again be proud of your radiant smile. Good oral hygiene will ensure that your investment in implants is protected as well as contributing to an overall healthy body.


You must take care of your dental implants as you would if they were your natural teeth. Brushing in the morning after you wake up eliminates morning breath and removes bacteria that have built up in the mouth overnight. Brushing in the evening before bedtime helps remove bacteria that have built up throughout the day and reduces the risk for plaque buildup and decay overnight. Many dentists encourage brushing after every meal, or anytime during the day as needed to remove food debris and bacteria. But strive to brush at least twice a day.


Since dental implants are the next best thing to natural teeth, you should treat them hygienically in the same way you would your natural teeth. That means flossing daily in addition to rigorous brushing a couple of times during the day. But how you floss is very important.

But be sure not to skimp on quality when purchasing dental floss. Inferior, weak floss has the potential to shred and get stuck between the gingiva and the implant. Floss particles that have been left behind due to shredding have been linked to cases of peri-implantitis, which could lead to loss of dentition or other complications. In addition, you should floss in a manner that we at Forest & Ray prescribe.

Why? Natural teeth attach to the bone by periodontal ligaments that surround the tooth and act as a protective barrier against invading bacteria. Dental implants, though natural-looking, lack a self-limiting process that exists in the tissues around natural teeth. Instead of being attached to the implant, the surrounding tissue creates a protective seal that can be easily broken with aggressive flossing. Ask us about a proper flossing technique with dental implants.

Alternative to Flossing: Interdental Brushes

There is a solution to the potential damage that incorrect flossing can bring about. Interdental brushes are an effective tool for preventing dental problems and an effective alternative to string flossing. Choose a brush size (typically 0.4mm to 1.5mm) that fits between your teeth comfortably without using much force. You may find you need a couple of different sizes but the best way to find out is to ask our Forest & Ray dentist or hygienists the next time you have an appointment.

  1. Hold the interdental brush between your thumb and forefinger.
  2. Gently place the brush through the gap between your teeth – don’t force the brush through the gap.
  3. Brush in and out of each space between your teeth.

Other benefits of interdental brushes are they are easier to use than string floss and do a better job of cleaning between the teeth. And floss may do okay on the front teeth but what about the harder to get at other teeth? Interdental brushes work better on them. Last but not least, as we age we lose manual dexterity which can make flossing a chore as it is difficult to grasp the fine thread. Most interdental brushes come with a handle for easier use.

Regardless of which you choose, dental experts recommend that you brush with your regular toothbrush first before using floss or interdental brushes as brushing first will loosen any stubborn food particles.

More Ways to Care for Your Dental Implants

Dental implants and overdentures cannot decay but your gums and supporting bone remain subject to bacterial decay, inflammation, and infection without proper dental implant care. Here are additional tips that can help prolong the life of your dental implants:

  • Visit your dentist regularly for deep cleaning. Regular dental checkups and professional cleaning allow your dentist to confirm that your implants and overdentures are functioning properly, and that you are maintaining good oral health.
  • Avoid abrasive cleaning products. Stiff- or hard-bristled toothbrushes, baking soda, and strong cleansers are examples of abrasive cleaning products that may permanently damage your new teeth.
  • Avoid using bleach and chlorine cleansers. Oral products that contain bleach may weaken dentures and change their colour, while chlorine-based solutions can tarnish and corrode the metal parts of implants.
  • Avoid chewing on hard items. Ice cubes, hard candies, and pencils are examples of items that may break your implants.
  • Seek treatment for teeth grinding. Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, can put excess pressure on dental implants and cause lasting damage.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking can weaken and inflame the gums, and can stain your new teeth.

Learn more about dental implants and oral hygiene from the dental pros at Forest & Ray. We have sent countless patients on the journey to the perfect smile. Why not you? Contact us today!

Regardless if you are a child, teen, or adult who wears braces and plays sports, it’s important that you protect that investment you’ve made in your quest for the perfect smile. The reason is simple: mouth injuries are common in many sports.

For starters,  any sports-playing, braces wearer should first and foremost wear a mouthguard if playing a sport where the possibility of a hit to the mouth exists. But don’t choose just any mouthguard. Your Forest & Ray orthodontic experts recommend an orthodontic mouthguard  as this is particularly suitable for braces-wearing athletes.

What Is an Orthodontic Mouth Guard?

Unlike sports mouthguards which are made of hard plastic which could still cause damage to your teeth during impact, an orthodontic mouthguard is made from silicone which is more comfortable to wear. Not only does the orthodontic mouth guard prevent your lips from bumping up against your teeth, it also protects the brackets of your braces.

These mouthguards are designed to be larger than the traditional sports mouth guard in order to have more space for the braces and protect not only your braces, but your teeth, gums and jaw. Don’t try to use your old mouth guard in place of this orthodontic one. Most likely it won’t fit, but even if it does, it can cause serious damage if you get hit in your mouth while wearing it. Why risk delaying your treatment or worse irreversible damage to your teeth and mouth?

You can get an orthodontic mouthguard at any sporting goods store or order it directly from your orthodontist. Needless to say, you may begin your search on the Internet as well. There are a variety of types to choose from so you will have no problem finding one that meets your budget and needs. But when it comes to braces protection, don’t skimp. While you can get an over the counter version of a boil and bite mouthguard, as your teeth shift during treatment, it won’t fit as well which means it won’t be as effective in protecting your teeth. The benefit of choosing to get it from your orthodontist is that she will make an impression of your mouth that will be used to make the mouthguard. This way it will fit your mouth perfectly.

How to Care For Your Mouth Guard

Cleaning your mouthguard is similar to if you have a retainer or Invisalign aligners. It is important that you clean it every day because bacteria and fungi can grow on it if not cared for properly.

Most orthodontic mouthguards can be cleaned with toothpaste or rinsed with an anti-microbial solution. Get in the habit of cleaning them before and after you wear them to keep them the freshest and always keep them in their case while you are not wearing them.

If your mouthguard starts to get cracks from overuse or gets damaged by impact, you will need to replace it right away. Always keep your orthodontist abreast of what is going on.

Care For Your Mouth Guard
Care For Your Mouth Guard

Injured While Wearing Braces? What To Do

If you hurt your mouth while playing sports and are wearing braces at the time, don’t hesitate to call our orthodontist right away and describe what happened. We will let you know if an emergency appointment is necessary. Common injuries include broken brackets, bleeding gums and fractured or dislodged teeth. Remember that any trauma to the mouth that is left untreated can lead to complications in your treatment and overall dental health.

Besides correcting the damage done to your mouth and braces, our orthodontist will also inspect the mouth guard to make sure it is still in good shape after the impact. If it is a really serious injury, go right to the emergency room. They will have an on-call dentist who can help triage the situation and then you can see your orthodontist later for follow-up care.

Periodontal disease (Periodontitis) is inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth and is also sometimes just referred to as gum disease though it is much more serious.  Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss.

How Do You Get Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build- up on the teeth and harden. There are many risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; medications that lessen the flow of saliva.

Early Warning Signs

  • Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing.
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums.
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
  • Receding gums.
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums.

Diagnosis And Treatment

When you visit us at Forest & Ray, a dentist or dental hygienist will:

  • Examine your gums and note any signs of inflammation.
  • Use a tiny ruler called a “probe” to check for and measure any pockets around the teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pockets is usually between 1 and 3 millimetres. This test for pocket depth is usually painless.
  • Ask about your medical history to identify conditions or risk factors (such as smoking or diabetes) that may contribute to gum disease

A Forest & Ray dental professional may also:

  • Take an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss.
  • Refer you to a periodontist. Periodontists are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and may provide you with treatment options that are not offered by your dentist.


The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviours, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results.

Healthy gum

What Can I Do To Prevent it?

You can keep your gums and teeth healthy by:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Flossing regularly to remove plaque from between teeth. Or, you can use a device such as a special brush, wooden or plastic pick, or a “water flosser” recommended by a dental professional.
  • Visiting us routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.
  • Quitting smoking.

Chances are, if you are seeing your Forest & Ray dentist twice yearly and following our directions, you will never develop periodontal disease or other serious gum diseases. Still, it is good to know that you can turn to us if you do develop such symptoms. Why not make an appointment to see us?  We are conveniently located in the heart of London and offer very accommodating visiting hours. Contact us today!

Periodontitis is inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth and is also sometimes just characterized as gum disease though it is much more serious. It is one of the most common human diseases. Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria.

There are stages of the disease from early to advanced. The good news is that, if treated early it can be arrested. But, if not properly treated, it can result in tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. Another bit of good news is that we dental experts at Forest & Ray are trained and equipped to handle any periodontitis or pre-periodontitis conditions.

May Begin As Gingivitis

Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. In the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque build-up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this stage.

The important thing to remember is that when gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis.

Types of Periodontitis

There are several different types of periodontitis. The more common types include those below.

Chronic periodontitis is the most common type, affecting mostly adults, though children can be affected, too. This type is caused by plaque buildup and involves slow deterioration that may improve and get worse over time but causes destruction in the gums and bone and loss of teeth if not treated.

Aggressive periodontitis usually begins in childhood or early adulthood and affects only a small number of people. It tends to affect families and causes rapid progression of bone and tooth loss if untreated.

Necrotizing periodontal disease is characterized by the death of gum tissue, tooth ligaments and supporting bone caused by lack of blood supply (necrosis), resulting in severe infection. This type generally occurs in people with a suppressed immune system — such as from HIV infection, cancer treatment or other causes — and malnutrition.

Early Warning Signs

  • Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing.
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums.
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
  • Receding gums.
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums.
  • Loose or shifting teeth.

Treating/Preventing Periodontitis

Good Oral Hygiene

The main aim of treatment is to clean out bacteria from the pockets around the teeth and prevent further destruction of bone and tissue.Good oral hygiene should be followed daily, even if the teeth and gums are healthy, to prevent infection. Proper dental care involves brushing teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day. If there is enough space between the teeth, an interdental brush is recommended. Soft-picks can be used when the space between the teeth is smaller. Patients with arthritis and others with dexterity problems may find that using an electric toothbrush is better for a thorough cleaning. Periodontitis is a chronic, or long-term, inflammatory disease. If good oral hygiene is not maintained, it will recur.

Scaling and Cleaning

It is important to remove plaque and calculus to restore periodontal health. A healthcare professional will carry out scaling and debridement to clean below the gumline. This may be done using hand tools or an ultrasonic device that breaks up the plaque and calculus. Root planing is done to smooth rough areas on the roots of the teeth. Bacteria can lodge within the rough patches, increasing the risk of gum disease. Depending on how much plaque and calculus there is, this may take one or two visits. Cleaning is normally recommended twice a year, and possibly more often, depending on how much plaque accumulates.



Many medicated mouthwashes and other treatments are available.

Prescription antimicrobial mouth rinse, such as chlorhexidine: This is used to control bacteria when treating gum disease and after surgery. Patients use it as they would a regular mouthwash.

Antiseptic chip: This is a small piece of gelatin that is filled with chlorhexidine. It controls bacteria and reduces periodontal pocket size. It is placed in the pockets after root planing. The medication is slowly resealed over time.

Antibiotic gel: This gel contains doxycycline, an antibiotic. It helps control bacteria and shrink periodontal pockets. It is placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is a slow-release medication.

Antibiotic microspheres: Very small particles containing minocycline, an antibiotic, are placed into pockets after scaling and root planing. This slow-release medication is also used to control bacteria and reduce periodontal pocket size.

Enzyme suppressant: This keeps destructive enzymes in check with a low-dose of doxycycline. Some enzymes can break down gum tissue, but this medication can delay the body’s enzyme response. It is taken orally, as a pill, and it is used with scaling and root planing.

Oral antibiotics: Available in capsule or tablet form, these are taken orally. They are used short-term for the treatment of acute or locally persistent periodontal infection.

Chances are, if you are seeing your Forest & Ray dentist twice yearly and following our directions, you will never develop periodontitis or other serious gum diseases. Still, it is good to know that you can turn to us if you do encounter such problems. Why not make an appointment to see us today?

In a nutshell, orthodontic dentistry is critical to good oral and overall health whilst cosmetic dentistry—such as teeth whitening—is not critical. The primary goal of orthodontic dentistry is to fix the patient’s teeth and set them in the right place. The orthodontist is mainly concerned with the treatment of improper bites and crooked teeth. The patient’s appearance—a reason for cosmetic dentistry—is secondary to good oral health in orthodontic treatment.

The fact that Orthodontic treatment is recommended as early as age 7 is just one fact that dispels the myth that this treatment is only undertaken for cosmetic reasons which usually prevails later in life.  The earlier it is performed, the better. Orthodontics is so much more than mere cosmetic dentistry. Though the result of this treatment might be considered cosmetic dentistry to some, the primary goal of orthodontic treatment is more fundamental than cosmetic dentistry.

Why Should I Get Orthodontic Treatment?

If teeth are misaligned and don’t meet correctly, there can be a strain on the jaw which can result in headaches. Crooked teeth or teeth that are not aligned properly or spaces between the teeth will affect biting and chewing but other problems may also be present. Difficulty in swallowing and breathing may persist and even speech may be impaired.  Not to disparage cosmetic dentistry because having beautiful straight teeth is important and attractive. But there are more crucial things to consider such as the need to address and alleviate any potential health problems associated with the teeth or jaw.

The Benefits of Orthodontics

  • Correct facial imbalance when teeth are crooked or misaligned.
  • Correct breathing issues or swallowing
  • Improve speaking
  • Make chewing and biting easier

Cosmetic Treatment Options

The benefits of cosmetic dentistry include improved appearance and, thus, heightened self-esteem. Let’s look at what kinds of popular cosmetic dentistry options available to you at Forest & Ray:
White fillings– Replace the ugly, outdated, dark amalgam fillings with attractive looking, aesthetically pleasing white fillings that blend with your teeth.  We use the very latest materials for white fillings, as there have been significant advances in strength and durability in recent years.

  • Teeth WhiteningThis popular treatment can usually be done in a single session or a series of sessions. Our modern techniques will make discoloured teeth and stains a thing of the past.
  • Dental BondingWhen the damage is more severe, we recommend –and patients often opt for –dental bonding. In this procedure, the tooth is roughed a little in preparation, and a special tooth coloured resin is bonded to the surface. This is set using UV light and then trimmed into shape and polished to match the surrounding teeth. It may only take an hour for each tooth—an important consideration for the buy person.
  • Porcelain VeneersThese are a step up from dental bonding as they are a more durable, permanent solution. Porcelain veneers represent perhaps the greatest cost-savings for you. They can be used to improve the look of teeth, filling gaps and straightening the appearance of crooked teeth to provide that perfect smile.
  • Tooth Reshaping- This–the most artistic dentistry procedure– can also be done in a minimum of the scheduled time. It requires all the skills available from Forest & Ray’s expert dentists as the crooked, chipped or oversized teeth are subtly sculpted into a more pleasing size and shape. Our skilled dental practitioners can achieve amazing results using simple sanding strips moved between the teeth to fine-tune their shape and alignment.

So, orthodontists and cosmetic dentists both help patients improve their oral health and boost their confidence and self-esteem. At Forest & Ray’s Dental Clinic, regardless of orthodontics or cosmetics, you don’t have to sacrifice quality while you enjoy your beautiful new smile. Contact us today!

The holidays are upon us again. While we may enjoy time off from work or school, tooth decay doesn’t take a vacation. That’s why you must not ignore your dental health.  Instead, you should step up your oral hygiene regimen.

Why? Well, picture this holiday scene: Your house is alive with Christmas chatter and Christmas cheer. The festively decorated table, laden with goodies, is groaning under the weight of the Christmas culinary delights and sugary treats as your mouth waters in anticipation. With so many temptations on the table and so many distractions around us, it is easy to back-slide when it comes to your dental health.

Eating Right At Holiday Time

If you’re not careful, holidays foods can lead to gum disease and tooth decay. Foods high in carbohydrates, sugars, and starches greatly contribute to the production of plaque acids that attack the tooth enamel. Eventually, these acids can cause tooth enamel to break down, forming a cavity. A good rule of thumb for good dental health is to avoid sugary, syrupy, and fatty foods and drink. Innocent-looking eggnog is not so innocent as it contains loads of sugars, acids, and fats which are harmful to your teeth and your body. Acid-laden citrus fruits and tomato-based sauces can also lead to tooth decay.

And be careful with candies—especially the hard items, and especially if you wear braces or have dentures. Hard candies can crack your teeth if you bite down on them in the wrong way. If you do have to eat candies, instead of biting, let them dissolve in your mouth.  Some experts suggest you switch to veggies or create games designed to deflect from all the eating options.

But, face it: you’re going to enjoy some of these holiday treats. So, be extra vigilant and attentive to good oral hygiene. Be certain to brush your teeth after eating sugary foods of any kind, and only eat them in moderation, if at all. Consider brushing and flossing 3x a day during the holidays instead of your usual routine.

Make a New Year’s Resolution: A New Smile, Or Keeping The Same One
Make a New Year’s Resolution: A  New Smile, Or Keeping The Same One

Make a New Year’s Resolution: A  New Smile, Or Keeping The Same One

At this time of year, many people look forward to the brand-new year and make promises to themselves about how they are going to make it a special year. How about you? Make this the year that you finally get the dental work that you have been putting off and get started on creating that great new smile. If you come to us we will tell you about ways to maintain your dental health.

We will be happy to explain to you in detail the many procedures and treatments which we offer. For example, you will learn which are best suited for your mouth to ensure that 2020 is a good dental health year for you. Contact us and come in to see us soon!

As it relates to dental treatment in the U.K under the auspices of the NHS, there is a crisis. Dentistry provided by the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom is supposed to ensure that dental treatment is available to the whole population and therein may lay the problem: too many prospective patients and too few dentists working on NHS patients. That is a recipe for disaster.

More than 2 million adults in England are unable to see an NHS dentist, BBC analysis suggests. They include an estimated 1.45 million who have tried and failed to get an NHS appointment in two years with the rest on waiting lists or put off by the cost. Another 2 million assume they cannot get care where they live, suggesting nearly one in 10 miss out overall. And no region is spared the indignity and inconvenience of poor NHS dental care. And worse, it is those who need dental care the most who are affected by the poor performance of the NHS.

Highlighting The Poor NHS Performance

In June 2015 The consumer group contacted 500 dental surgeries listed on the official NHS Choices website and found that 31% of them were refusing to take on any new NHS patients. They called for the Competition and Markets Authority to intervene to ensure dentists were complying with rules. The British Dental Health Foundation’s, HealthWatch England, said that in some parts of England only a fifth of surgeries were accepting new NHS patients. The chair of the British Dental Association, said the “byzantine system” had failed dentists and patients.

The BDA said that the 2006 contract did not meet its purpose of improving access to NHS dentistry and concentrating on prevention, and had been criticised by patient groups, government, the Health Select Committee and the Chief Dental Officers for England and Wales. In January 2016, more than 400 dentists signed a letter arguing that the NHS dental system in England is unfit for purpose and are whistleblowing publicly, to warn and expose the centralised failings to develop a proper national dental health and prevention strategy.

Alternatives to NHS Dental Care

Health Secretary, Matt Hancock, told patients who cannot access NHS dentistry to embrace private dental care, the BDA claims. More and more prospective patients are looking to quality private dental clinics like Forest & Ray to cope with a lack of NHS places.

Dentistry has always been a mixed market anyway, industry experts say, with some people paying and others on the NHS. While that system has worked for some time, the increase in demand by patients for dental care has swamped the NHS. Patients are finding private clinics like Forest & Ray to be an affordable alternative. And because our caring professionals are sensitive to your needs, we offer budget-friendly financing packages.

It’s good to know that even should the NHS  funding continue to fall and thus continue failing to deliver prompt, convenient dental care, you can always rely on dental clinics like Forest & Ray to fill the void affordably.


Dental plaque is a biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth. It is a sticky colourless deposit at first, but when it forms tartar, it is often brown or pale yellow. It can develop on teeth above the gum line (supragingival), below the gum line on the roots of teeth (subgingival) and along the gum line (gingival). 

Signs & Symptoms of Plaque Build-up

That is why preventing plaque build-up and paying attention to plaque removal is so critical.

It is hard escaping plaque but, as you will read, the build-up can be prevented. Everyone develops plaque because bacteria are constantly growing in our mouths, so it is not easy to see. Plaque that is not removed from around the gum line can cause inflammation and irritation to the gums around your teeth.

Questions And Answers About Plaque

What Causes Plaque and Why Is It Harmful?

  • Plaque develops when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), such as milk, soft drinks, raisins, cakes, or candy are frequently left on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth thrive on these foods, producing acids as a result.  Over time, these acids destroy tooth enamel, resulting in tooth decay. Plaque can also develop on the tooth roots under the gum and cause a breakdown of the bone supporting the tooth.

How do you get plaque off your teeth?

  • A good rule of thumb is:  Floss, floss, floss. No matter how good you are with a toothbrush, dental floss is the only way to remove plaque between your teeth and keep tartar out of these hard-to-reach areas. You can also use an interdental brush instead of or in addition to flossing.
  • Rinse daily. Use an antiseptic mouthwash daily to help kill bacteria that cause plaque.

Other suggestions:

Ask us at Forest & Ray if a dental sealant is appropriate for you. Dental sealants are a thin, plastic coating that are painted on the chewing surfaces of teeth to protect them from cavities and decay.

We will recommend that you  eat a balanced diet and limit the number of between-meal snacks. If you need a snack, choose nutritious foods such as plain yogurt, cheese, fruit, or raw vegetables. Vegetables, such as celery, help remove food and help saliva neutralize plaque-causing acids.

Remember also that professional care is important. Visit your Forest & Ray dental professional twice yearly for a thorough cleaning. That—along with the suggestions above –will keep your teeth healthy and preserve your beautiful smile.

The short answer is that you are never too old for Invisalign. Regardless of age, as long as your teeth are healthy, Invisalign can help straighten them. Taking action—even later in life– can help prevent future oral health problems, including bad breath, bleeding gums, and tooth loss. Therefore, these invisible braces are an ideal choice, especially for adults who’ve always wanted a winning smile.

Braces After 50: Not Just Cosmetic

As we age, teeth move and change, suffering wear and tear from biting and chewing. Gradual bone loss in the jaw can push teeth inwards, crowding them and sometimes affecting the way we speak. Crooked teeth and poorly aligned bites aren’t just cosmetic concerns. They’re associated with increased gum and bone loss, tooth decay, erosion of tooth enamel, headaches and jaw joint pain.

While older patients often embark on orthodontic treatments to revamp their pearly whites, many end up in the orthodontist’s chair after learning that improving their smile can also improve their health—physical health and mental well-being as great teeth boost self-esteem.

Invisalign: A Forest & Ray Staple

At the Forest & Ray dental clinic, we are proud to offer Invisalign as it is the most recognizable brand of clear aligners in the world. Besides correcting teeth that are crooked, gapped, or crowded, Invisalign also rectifies abnormal bite functions, when the upper and lower jaws fail to come together properly.

A big reason why adults–even older ones– choose Invisalign is the time factor. Ordinarily, you’d have to wear braces for a couple of years. Invisalign, on the other hand, can often be completed in about a year. Working adults find this appealing because it’s less disruptive to their busy schedules and requires fewer appointments over time. Even retired adults enjoy the benefits of a shorter treatment time and invisible, removable appliances because they don’t interfere with their many leisure-time activities.

Smile with clear aligners

And Invisalign Clear Braces Look Better

Metal braces can cause the appearance of the mouth to be unattractive, as though it is filled with awkward chunks of unsightly metal.  They are noticeable, especially on an adult, and can get food caught in them without the wearer even being aware of it.  Invisalign clear braces are barely noticeable. They are almost invisible braces.  They look very much as though the person wearing them is not wearing braces at all.

Put simply, they are more attractive than metal braces and therefore confidence-boosting. Does the thought of glinting metal on your teeth put you off? If so, then the Invisalign System may be your better teeth-straightening option and the best way for an older adult to achieve that perfect smile.

An Affordable Adult Alternative

Invisalign treatment offers distinct advantages over conventional metal braces for adults.  And you will find them surprisingly affordable and well worth the cost.—even more so if you qualify for the Forest & Ray Financing Plan.

Invisalign aligners are more comfortable than metal braces, pose fewer risks to teeth and gums, and provide beautiful smiles much faster. But more importantly for adults, they do this invisibly! If your age was the only thing holding you back from getting straighter teeth, it is no longer the case.  So now that you know –even at your age—that you are a candidate for Invisalign, you should book a consultation with the Forest & Ray clinic. Why not contact us today!

Our goal is to keep our patients happy with our services, so we’ll summarize our booking and appointment information below.

In order to secure your first appointment a deposit is required.

In order to secure longer appointments than 60 minutes deposit may be required.

Your appointment will be approved if you have received an email confirmation.

Please confirm your appointment, even if only by e-mail.

If you cannot attend the appointment, please let us know asap, but at least 48 hours prior to your scheduled appointment. Cancellations are only considered valid if confirmed via e-mail.

Late cancellations or no-shows will be subject to a cancellation fee (£50/30 mins).

We would like to inform you that the duration of dental treatment is not easily predictable, every patient and every appointment is unique. This may cause appointment delays. Please make sure you have enough time so that your time in the waiting room and in the chair comes with the least inconvenience possible. If your appointment can only start with a significant delay, you will be informed by phone prior to the appointment.




There are pros and cons to whitening your teeth in-office or at home. For great results fast, in-office whitening is ideal as it will only take one to two hours. Home teeth whitening, on the other hand, may take two weeks of one to two hour daily applications. Some patients start with in-office and continue the teeth whitening at home. 

Girl patient in the dental clinic. Teeth whitening UV lamp with photopolymer composition.

Both teeth whitening procedures ultimately produce the same result- a beautiful, confident smile.  Regardless of your choice, the dentist needs to evaluate initial tooth colour, areas of enamel wear, and existing restorations to pick the correct form of whitening for each patient. It is definitely the fastest way to whiter teeth and– face it– everyone would like things to be as quick and as easy as possible. That’s why in-office treatment was created.

The In-Office, At Home Advantage

When having your teeth whitened in the office, there is no preparation for you, no homework, no fuss, no muss is involved. Just show up! And while all treatments work, some work better and some last longer. Many have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in- office and take-home products.

The combination of both office and home whitening works well. If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.   But, if you are looking for the WHITEST that your teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best. The professional, human element is the key to whiter teeth safely. So, don’t be tempted to buy kits over-the-counter or on the Internet. Not only are they not made to fit your mouth exactly, it may be that bleaching isn’t suitable for you, especially if you have gum disease or crowns.

When Considering Home Teeth Whitening

There is absolutely no difference between the whitening gels sold online or from the dentist. So it is best to purchase whitening gel from an online teeth whitening retailer with a dentist’s guidance. Professional supervision, therefore, ensures effectiveness and safety. That’s why whitening teeth at home is big business. But there are a wide range of options for consumers to choose from. The most important thing to look for in at-home kits is that they fit the size and shape of your teeth. Example, whitening strips are straight across and your teeth are scalloped.

Next, make sure the at-home bleaching kits cover your whole tooth otherwise you will have two-toned teeth or irritated gums. This is just another reason why whitening teeth at home is best done with a dentist’s oversight. Not to mention that the dentist is in the perfect place to examine your teeth for any existing problems- such as gum disease- before you begin your home teeth whitening. Typically, at home whitening systems get your teeth up to 2-6 shades whiter with nightly treatment. The in-office treatment may get your teeth about 8 shades whiter.

So, going the over-the-counter (OTC) route may not give you the dramatic whitening results that you desire. Even if you’re planning on using OTC home teeth whitening kits, you should consult us because only the dentist can provide pivotal insight about how effective whitening may be given your specific mouth. Also, if you’ve decided to go it alone, be careful. When using the over-the-counter bleaches, there is a chance your teeth may get over-bleached. Professional Forest & Ray advice beforehand can prevent this from occurring.

When you factor in the time element and the many materials you have to buy if whitening at home, you will discover there is not a great deal of difference between the two whitening options. But, either way, it is recommended that the best time to begin an at-home whitening regimen is after a professional dental cleaning. This can help you achieve the best results.

So… when beginning your teeth whitening quest and trying to decide whether the dentist’s chair or at home is better. Start with a consultation and possibly a cleaning with us at Forest & Ray. We will demystify the teeth whitening mystery. We are conveniently located for you in the heart of the city. Contact us today!

Dental crowns, sometimes called dental caps, are used to protect weak teeth, restore broken teeth, prevent cracked teeth from breaking further, and support teeth that have large fillings. Crowns are also used to hold dental bridges in place.

An Effective Solution

If teeth are badly damaged, cracked, broken, or misshapen, the dental professionals at Forest & Ray have found that dental crowns are the most effective solution. Tooth crowns restore the shape, strength, functionality, and appearance of a damaged tooth. After you have one placed, you’ll be able to use your tooth to chew again without risking damage to what’s underneath it. Crowns protect the vulnerable part of the tooth by physically holding it together and shielding it from damage.

What Are The Most Widely Used Types Of Crowns?

The main difference between different kinds of dental crowns is the internal structure used to make them.

  • Metals used in crowns include gold, palladium, nickel, or chromium. Metal crowns rarely chip or break, last the longest in terms of wear down, and only require a small amount of tooth to be removed. They can also withstand biting and chewing forces. The metallic colour is the main drawback. Metal crowns are a good choice for out-of-sight molars.
  • Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns can be matched to the colour of the teeth beside them. They have a more natural tooth colour. However, sometimes the metal under the crown’s porcelain cap shows through as a dark line. Other drawbacks are that the crown’s porcelain portion can chip or break off and there is more wearing down of the teeth opposite them in the mouth. (The top and bottom tooth that comes into contact when the mouth is closed.) These crowns can be a good choice for front or back teeth.
  • All-ceramic or all-porcelain dental crowns provide the best natural colour match than any other crown type. They are also a good choice for people with metal allergies. However, they are not as strong as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns. They also may wear down the teeth opposite them in the mouth a little more than metal or resin crowns. All-ceramic crowns are a good choice for front teeth.
  • Pressed ceramic crowns have a hard inner core. They replace the metal liner that is used in the all-ceramic crown-making process. Pressed ceramic crowns are capped with porcelain, which provides the best natural colour match. They are also more long-lasting than an all-porcelain crown.
  • Zirconium Crowns consist of a zirconium oxide internal structure. They are more expensive but are an appealing alternative when crowning the very visible front teeth. We call it the “smile zone”. Ask us is this could be an option for you.

How Much Do Dental Crowns Cost?

Costs will vary with the type of crown we choose to use but can start around Ł635. If you are a candidate for several, you may want to ask us about our financing packages.

How Long Do Dental Crowns Last?

On average, dental crowns last between five and 15 years but, if you take proper care of it, in many instances they can last a lifetime.. The life span of a crown depends on the amount of wear and tear the crown takes, how well you follow good oral hygiene practices, and your personal mouth-related habits. You should avoid such habits as grinding or clenching your teeth, chewing ice, biting fingernails, and using your teeth to open packaging.

What Now?

The best way to find out if you are a candidate for dental crowns and to learn about your options and the cost is to visit the Forest & Ray dental clinic which is conveniently located in the heart of London.  Our dental professionals stand ready to attend to all your dental needs whether that be dental crowns or something else. Contact us today for an appointment!

Lucky you, you’re getting dental veneers. To get a dental veneer you’ll probably require a couple of visits. Here is what you can expect during a typical veneer preparation and installation procedure.

What Is A Dental Veneer?

A dental veneer is a layer of material placed over a tooth. It is a thin shield of porcelain that is used to cover the front surface of a tooth. Veneers are designed as a permanent way to change or enhance the look of stained, chipped, broken, or undesired teeth. Veneers improve the aesthetics of a smile and/or protect the tooth’s surface from damage.

There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain. A composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental lab, and later bonded to the tooth, typically using a resin cement.

A porcelain veneer may only be indirectly fabricated. A full veneer crown is described as “a restoration that covers all the coronal tooth surfaces (Mesial, Distal, Facial, Lingual and Occlusal.). Laminate veneer, on the other hand, is a thin layer that covers only the surface of the tooth and generally used for aesthetic purposes. These typically have better performance and aesthetics and are less plaque retentive.

What are the benefits of dental veneers?

The biggest benefit to veneers is improving the appearance of your teeth, giving you a brighter and more even smile. Dental veneers are often used to treat the following cosmetic occurrences:

  • broken or chipped teeth
  • severe discoloration or uneven colouring that can’t be fixed with whitening
  • gaps in the teeth
  • smaller-than-average teeth
  • pointed or unusually shaped teeth

Veneers can last for more than a decade, depending on the type of veneer you choose, making them a semi -permanent investment that can make you more confident in your smile.

Getting Dental Veneer
Getting Dental Veneers

What Are The Steps Involved?

Before you get your veneers, you’ll have a preliminary appointment with your Forest & Ray dentist to discuss which options are right for you and how many veneers you want to have placed. In some cases, if teeth are crooked or uneven, you may need to have braces before our dentist can place the veneers.

We will often take X-rays at this stage to evaluate your teeth’s health. They’ll look for signs of tooth decay, gum disease, or the need for root canals. If you have any of these conditions, you may not be a candidate for veneers. To get accurate sizing for your veneers, at the next appointment, your Forest & Ray expert dentist trims down about a half a millimetre of your tooth (we remove the enamel using a grinding tool) before they take a mould (impression) of your teeth. This mould is then sent off to the lab for the creation of your veneers.

What Comes Next?

The excitement of getting your veneers is growing but be patient—it won’t be long now. It typically takes between one and two weeks after your dentist creates your mould  to get your veneers back from the lab. Once your veneers are in, you can schedule an appointment to have them placed. At this appointment, our dentist evaluates the fit, shape, and coloration of the veneers to make sure they’re perfect for you and that you are happy with the choice of shade.

Next, your dentist thoroughly cleans your teeth. This is important, as it keeps bacteria from being trapped under the veneer and causing decay. After they do this, they use the grinding tool to create a rougher texture on each tooth on which a veneer is to be applied. This makes it easier for the veneer to stick to the tooth. Our dentist then uses dental cement to bond the veneer to the tooth. They’ll use ultraviolet light to harden this cement quickly, and once you leave our office, your new smile is ready to go! And we can chalk up one more satisfied Forest & Ray patient and the continuance of a great patient/dentist relationship!

With all the uncertainty that exists in the country today it is comforting to know that, amidst all the confusion, there are still things you can count on—people you can trust. In this regard, the quality dental care that is afforded at the Forest & Ray Dental Practice comes to mind. For more than 11 years we have delivered quality, reliable and dependable dental services to London and beyond right from our ideal, centre-city location. 

Benefits of Forest & Ray

There are many other reasons to choose Forest& Ray besides, dependability, accessibility and convenience. One is that our highly experienced dentists and support team are multi-lingual and boast decades of combined experience. We also speak your language!  The dental professionals, in addition to English of course,  speak Hungarian, Greek, French, Italian, Polish, and Russian.

All Dental Procedures in One Place

At Forest & Ray, we practice a full array of dental procedures in our sparkling facility. Whether you need full mouth rehabilitation, hygienics or general dentistry,  you would do well to choose us for all your dental needs. Whether it be oral surgery, dental implantology or cosmetic treatments and orthodontics all affordably rendered, this is the dental clinic to turn to. We specialize in general dentistry, tooth replacement and now even anti-wrinkle therapy- all in one place. And that’s not all. Because we have our own dental lab, it allows us to produce dental prosthetics quickly and for less money than most dental clinics in London!

We think you’ll agree with thousands of our satisfied patients that Forest & Ray is a place you can trust with your smile!

Financing Available, Too

Speaking about reliability and dependability, we can also add flexibility. At Forest& Ray, we believe no one should forego dental work because of the cost. We are aware that some people put off needed dental care because of the initial money outlay. Not to worry. At Forest& Ray, we are here to help with comfortable financing options which let you spread out the payments over time. Now, maybe for a few pence a day, you can have a beautiful mouth.  It could be the way to go if you are a UK resident for at least 3-years, 21 or over and have a permanent job.

Our Financing Options:

  • Deposit free or low-cost finance
  • Spread the cost of your dental treatment
  • Decision usually within 24-48 hours
  • 12 months interest-free credit under £3000 loan
  • Easy to apply for
  • Start treatment within 2 weeks after contract*

* There are some other stipulations, so check with us for more details about this attractive option

Forest & Ray is a place you can trust with your smile!
Forest & Ray is a place you can trust with your smile!

What Are You Waiting For?

Perhaps you’ve been postponing the journey to gorgeous teeth and that beautiful smile you’ve always wanted. Wait no longer- you’ll find it all at Forest & Ray Dental Clinic. Our professionals are ready and waiting for you and at a price that is sure to brighten your smile even more.

When there’s too much damage for a tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. So, now it is done– you’ve just had a tooth extracted. What now? Below you will learn more about tooth extraction aftercare and what you need to do and NOT do from the Forest & Ray expert dentists right here in London.

After tooth extraction do and do not do

The DOs and DON’Ts of Aftercare

  • DO take it easy for the rest of the day. Take as little exercise as you can, and rest as much as you can. Keep your head up to avoid any bleeding.
  • DON’T be tempted to rinse the area for the first 24 hours.
  • DO avoid hot food or drinks until the anaesthetic wears off. This is important as you cannot feel pain properly and may burn or scald your mouth. Also, be careful not to chew your cheek. This is quite a common problem, which can happen when there is no feeling.
  • DON’T drink alcohol for at least 24 hours, as this can encourage bleeding and delay healing. Eat and drink lukewarm food as normal but avoid chewing on that area of your mouth.
  • DO keep your head up to avoid any bleeding.
  • DON’T be tempted to rinse the area for the first 24 hours.
  • DO eat soft foods such as yogurt, pudding, applesauce, and soup, soup, soup!
  • DON’T smoke!
  • DO take over-the-counter pain relievers (e.g. for headache) if you experience pain. BUT…
  • DON’T take aspirin as it might encourage bleeding.

What else can I do to help the process along?

Different people heal at different speeds after an extraction. It is important to keep your mouth and the extraction site as clean as possible, making sure that the socket is kept clear of all food and debris. Don’t rinse for the first 24 hours, and this will help your mouth to start healing.

After this time use a salt-water mouthwash, which helps to heal the socket. A teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water gently rinsed around the socket twice a day can help to clean and heal the area. Keep this up for at least a week or for as long as your dentist tells you.

It is important to keep to a healthy diet; and take a Vitamin C supplement, which will help your mouth to heal.

Keep your mouth and the extraction site clean
Keep your mouth and the extraction site clean

What do I do if it bleeds?

The first thing to remember is that there may be some slight bleeding for the first day or so. Many people are concerned about the amount of bleeding. This is because a small amount of blood is mixed with a larger amount of saliva, which looks more dramatic than it is.

If you do notice bleeding, do not rinse out, but apply pressure to the socket. Bite firmly on a folded piece of clean cotton material such as a handkerchief for at least 15 minutes. Make sure this is placed directly over the extraction site and that the pad is replaced if necessary.

If the bleeding has not stopped after an hour or two, contact us immediately; we are always available.

After aftercare: What now?

After a healing period of one to two weeks, you’ll most likely be able to go back to a regular diet. New bone and gum tissue will grow over the extraction site as well. However, having a missing tooth can cause teeth to shift, affecting your bite. You may want to ask your Forest & Ray dentist about replacing the extracted tooth to prevent this from happening. We can do it expertly with an implant, fixed bridge, or denture.

Orthodontists and dentists both help patients improve their oral health, but in different ways. Dentists generally deal with the teeth, gum, nerves, and jaw, while orthodontists specialize on correcting bites, occlusion, and the straightness of teeth. In short, orthodontists are dental specialists.

Clarification Needed

If you believe your dentist is also an orthodontist, your confusion is understandable. After all, both dentists and orthodontists work on teeth. Both provide professional care that helps patients have good oral health, and both are dental school graduates. Your dentist may even offer orthodontic services, leading you to assume that he/she is an orthodontist. But the truth is that putting aligners or braces on teeth does not make a doctor an orthodontist.

Dentists, who are also known as general (or family) dentists, are concerned with overall oral health. Dentists treat decayed teeth (fillings) and remove failed teeth (extractions). They usually provide services such as crowns, veneers or bonding to improve the appearance and function of teeth that have extensive decay, or are misshapen or broken. Dentists look for abnormalities in the mouth and teach patients how to prevent dental disease.

As knowledgeable and skillful as dentists are, certain areas of dentistry have educational programs beyond dental school. Orthodontics is one of those areas. And that’s where specialists, such as orthodontists, come in. Dental specialists get to be specialists by completing four years of general dental education in dental school, and then continuing in an accredited program where they study their specific specialty full-time for two or more years. When dentists studying a specialty area successfully complete their formal specialty education, they can use a title that denotes their area of specialization. “Orthodontist” is one example.

Other Differences

The biggest difference between an orthodontist and a dentist will be the type of work that they do. In some areas, the work overlaps. For example, both dentists and orthodontists can treat their patients with Invisalign. Most orthodontists, however, do not drill cavities or perform cleanings and most dentists do not prescribe or provide braces. When you need to have your teeth straightened, your dentist will usually recommend that you go and see an orthodontist. When you need your teeth cleaned, your orthodontist will tell you to see a dentist. While many dentists do offer Invisalign, it is usually a good idea to only get your teeth straightening treatment from a doctor who has trained extensively in these types of treatments. He will be able to give you a much more holistic treatment and will be able to help you adjust the treatment to your needs, as necessary.

So, Who Should I Trust With My Smile?

When it comes to orthodontic care here at Forest & Ray, we recommend you see one of our orthodontists. Yes, patients should certainly continue to see a dentist for periodic check-ups and cleaning throughout their orthodontic treatment. But because of the extra education, knowledge, and experience, the orthodontist is the go-to source for straightening teeth and dramatically improving your smile.

So, in a nutshell, when you need your teeth cleaned, you go to a dentist. When you need your teeth straightened, come to an experienced, knowledgeable Forest & Ray orthodontist! We hope to see you soon at our centrally located London clinic.

While most tooth loss occurs as one gets older, dental implants can be appropriate for the replacement of a missing tooth or teeth at any age.

Dental implants are typically used in the following situations:

  • Replacement of one or more missing teeth.
  • Support of a non-removable “bridge” to replace multiple teeth.
  • Support of a removable full or partial denture.

Although there are some situations in which dental implants should not be used, even individuals with the following health concerns can be candidates for implant dentistry.

The Good Dental Implant Candidate Checklist

To be a suitable candidate for dental implants you should have the following

  • A good level of oral hygiene with healthy teeth and gums
  • Healthy and plentiful bone in the jaw in which to support the implant
  • Good health and not suffering from any conditions which might prevent you from having surgery
  • A non-smoker or at least have quit a few weeks prior to treatment and during the recovery period
  • A fully developed jaw, so you’re likely to be over the age of 18

Summarizing The Benefits Of Dental Implants

  • Stand-alone structures which don’t need support from other teeth
  • Help prevent bone loss
  • Long-lasting if cared for properly
  • Look, feel, and act like natural teeth
  • Comfortable and natural-looking
  • Easy to clean

Are There A Drawbacks to Dental Implants?

The downside of dental implants is the initial cost. Dental implants don’t come cheap.  Having said that, they do last a long, long time.  If you look at the fact that the very first dental implant that was implanted was still going strong when the patient died 40 years later, as long as they’re cared for, they have the potential for longevity. Compare this to bridges and dentures which have a shelf life of around 10-15 years at most, and implants suddenly seem more cost-effective.

The other issue with implants is the length of time they take from the initial consultation to the final fitting. They’re fitted in stages which each require a period of healing, and this can vary from one individual to another. However, you can expect an implant to take around 6-9 months before you see the finished result, and longer in some cases. On the other hand, there are instances where patients can have implants fitted the same day.

If you’re interested in learning more about dental implants and indeed, finding out if you’re a suitable candidate, then contact us at the Forest & Ray Dental Practice which is centrally located in the heart of London. Why wait any longer to have the smile you always wanted?

There are pros and cons to brightening up at the dentist’s office or home teeth whitening. For great results fast – for weddings and other events, in-office whitening is ideal for these patients and it will only take one to two hours. Home teeth whitening may take two weeks of one to two hour daily applications. Some patients start with in-office and continue their teeth whitening at home, with the trays and gel. However, they both produce the same result- a beautiful, confident smile.

Many patients have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in- office and take- home products. The combination of both office and home whitening works well. If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.   But, if you are looking for the whit-EST your teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best. Besides, a Forest & Ray dental professional can also tell you if you are a candidate for teeth whitening because this cosmetic procedure is not recommended for everyone.

Teeth Whitening Choices

Whitening Toothpastes — Some whitening toothpastes contain gentle polishing or chemical agents that provide additional stain removal effectiveness. Whitening toothpastes can help remove surface stains only and do not contain bleach. Generally, they may make your teeth one shade lighter. By comparison, our dentist prescribed whitening conducted in your dentist’s office can make your teeth three to eight shades lighter.

Over-the-Counter Whitening Strips and Gels — Whitening gels are clear, peroxide-based gels applied with a small brush directly to the surface of your teeth.  If you follow the directions carefully, initial results may be seen in a few days and final results are sustained for about four months. Whitening strips are very thin, virtually invisible strips that are coated with a peroxide-based whitening gel. The time frame for results is similar to that of gels.

Whitening Rinses — Among the newest whitening products available are whitening rinses. Like most mouthwashes, they freshen breath and help reduce dental plaque and gum disease. They also contain whitening agents but don’t expect immediate results as they may not occur for up to 12 weeks because the rinse is only in contact with the teeth for a short time.

Tray-Based Tooth Whiteners —  Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution — which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent.  It is worn mainly during the night for a month or so to effect any whitening.

In-Office Whitening —  In-office bleaching provides the quickest way to whiten teeth. With in-office bleaching, the whitening product is applied directly to the teeth. These products can be used in combination with heat, a special light, or a laser. You will see results immediately but it may require repeat visits for optimal whitening.

Combine The Methods?

Many patients have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in- office and take- home products. The combination of both office and home whitening works well. If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.  Again, if you are looking for the whit-EST your own teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best.

Advice: when beginning your teeth whitening quest and trying to decide whether the dentist’s chair or at home is better–start with us! It is important too for us at Forest & Ray to assess if, in fact, you are even a candidate for teeth whitening. Why not stop in our clinic—located in the heart of London—to find out? We’ll be waiting for you.

Getting a dental implant is a straightforward procedure but it is, after all, surgery.  Like any surgery, dental implant aftercare is essential for a quick recovery. Patients should know what they can expect afterward. 

First, The Basics

Once the implant is in place, your jaw and surrounding tissues will need some time to heal. This can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. At this time, your Forest & Ray dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontitis will check the site to make sure it is healed properly and attach your new tooth. If you have a denture that covers the surgical area, please wear it as little as possible for the first week to protect the surgical site during its initial healing period. You should always leave the denture out at night.

Immediately After

Good oral hygiene practices are as essential after oral surgery as at any other time. After 24 hours you can resume tooth brushing. It may also help to gently rinse your mouth every so often with mild salt water (1/4 teaspoon of salt in a glass of water). DO NOT use mouth wash or hydrogen peroxide rinses for 14 days.
The great thing about dental implants is that they are easy to maintain by brushing and flossing, just like your natural teeth because, after all, they are the closest thing you can have to your natural teeth.  Simply care for your implants the same way that you would for your natural teeth and the dental implants will be a life-long solution to tooth loss.

Things You Can Do

You may experience some normal symptoms after implantation. For example, don’t be alarmed about swelling. Swelling can be reduced with ice packs (or a bag of frozen peas) wrapped in a towel. Hold on the cheek area for a maximum of ten minutes at a time with twenty minutes’ break. After twenty-four hours, gentle heat is more beneficial. Sleeping propped up slightly on two to three pillows may also help. Chew on the opposite side and do NOT bite into food if the procedure was done in the front of the mouth.

What To Eat

Eat only liquids (gelatin, pudding, soup, applesauce, ice cream yogurt, etc.) are advised during the first two days following surgery in order to avoid food particles from lodging in the wound. Semi-liquid foods (mashed potatoes, pancakes, eggs, soft pasta, etc.) may be added to the diet on the third day.

What To Avoid

Take care to only have cold drinks and do not eat until the local anaesthetic has worn off. Avoid hot drinks or hot food for the first day and do not ‘swill’ liquid over the area. Try not to disturb the area with your tongue or fingers. Do not undertake strenuous exercise (e.g., running / gym) for the first 48 hours. Avoid sticky, hard (such as ice cubes, nuts, popcorn, chips), brittle, spicy, highly seasoned, or acidic foods in your diet.  Avoid alcohol (even beer and wine) and smoking until after your post-operative appointment.  Smoking is not advised during the 7-14 days following surgery.

How Long Will Dental Implants Last?

Properly maintained dental implants (i.e. regular brushing and flossing) can last a lifetime—assuming the patient receives regular dental check-ups (part of any regimen for good oral health). Of course, if you experience any extraordinary symptoms such as abnormal swelling you should immediately return to the clinic so we may assess whether something out of the ordinary occurred, like an infection. We want your recovery to be as smooth and pleasant as possible!

So don’t hesitate any longer about getting dental implants. Come into Forest & Ray’s conveniently located centre-city location and let us tell you more about the benefits of dental implants and restoring your gorgeous smile. We will elaborate and tell you all you need to know about dental implants and aftercare.

Dental implants are designed to last a long time — upwards of 25 years — and are a long-term, permanent teeth replacement solution. Still, you should be aware of possible complications and side effects and how to handle them.

Temporary Side Effects

A few side effects are immediate but will clear up and go away as you heal. These things are expected, and your dentist won’t be surprised if you experience them.

  • Swelling in your gums and face that may last up to 48 hours
  • Bruised skin and gums which may last several days
  • Pain and discomfort typically lasting no more than two weeks
  • Minor bleeding which can last up to 24 hours

Our Forest & Ray dental professional dentist will likely prescribe pain medication for your discomfort. If any of these immediate side effects become worse or don’t go away as quickly as they should, it could be a sign of infection or another problem (see below). You’ll need to contact our office as soon as possible.


95%–98% has been reported as the success rate of implants over the 10 years. Although it has become the treatment of choice for most of the dentists, still, the complications arising from dental implant placement are the biggest challenge. While dental implants are a nearly fool-proof way of replacing missing teeth as demonstrated by that excellent success rate, sometimes complications may arise from inserting a dental implant.

Signs of a complication include:

  • difficulty chewing,
  • gum inflammation,
  • gum recession,
  • increased swelling,
  • loosening of an implant or a replaced tooth,
  • severe pain or discomfort.

Not all complications are immediate. Late failure may happen long after the dental implants have been established and are functioning. This failure occurs between 1-10 years after your new teeth are placed. Sometimes, if there are too few implants supporting the teeth, excessive stress is put on the implants. Also, excessive clenching and grinding teeth can hasten an implants failure or lead to complications.

Final Words

Every dental procedure has a side effect or two, but most are mild and go away almost immediately. And the stunning success rate of successful implant insertion is evidence that, long-term- this is a great way to solve the dilemma of missing teeth. But dental implants are a fairly invasive procedure so it’s no surprise that swelling, pain, and bruising will be part of your recovery. The Forest & Ray professionals have combined decades of experience with successfully inserting implants. And while there is always the miniscule possibility of complications, choosing a good dental clinic – like ours – will go a long way to mitigating potential problems. We are with you throughout the procedure and can help you address and side effects. So, contact us today to learn more.

The Forest & Ray dental professionals know that if you have dentures or are missing teeth, implants can improve your quality of life and give you confidence when eating or smiling. Here in this article you will find all you need to know about getting dental implants.

Dental implants have revolutionized the replacement of teeth. Before the development of dental implants, people with dentures were unable to chew many kinds of food; this has all changed with the widespread use of dental implants. An implant is placed by first making a slit in the gum tissue over the site of the missing tooth.

A preparation is then made in the bone using various sized drills, after which the implant is screwed into the bone before the gum tissue is stitched closed. This procedure can be performed under local anaesthesia or sedation, and it should be a painless operation. The implant must sit for four months before teeth can be placed, but there are some situations in which the implant can be used like a tooth.  What is a dental implant able to do that other teeth-replacement options, such as bridges or dentures, can&#39;t do? Let’s look at the pluses and minuses.

Dental Implants: The Pros and Cons

There are several ways a dentist can fill the spaces between missing teeth—dentures come to mind. Unlike dentures, implants serve as an actual replacement. They are implanted into the jaw or gum so that they serve as an anchor for dental crowns. This long-term solution to tooth loss is superior, as implants won’t move or slip. There is no need for special cleaning or adhesives, and maintenance is simple and easy. You will be able to chew foods more easily. Some patients even report that food tastes better! And, an implant can’t come loose like a denture can.

Yes, dental implants cost more initially than dentures; however, when you consider the additional costs of dentures spread over a lifetime (think cleaning solutions, adhesives, repairs, and possibly having to replace them), dental implants are often a better financial solution in the long run and worth the extra upfront cost. Simply care for your implants the same way that you would for your natural teeth, and the dental implants will be a lifelong, more cost-effective solution to tooth loss.

You Should Consider Dental Implants If:

  • You’re Insecure About Your Appearance. Nothing is worse than hiding your smile,
  • You Have Difficulty Chewing or Have To Avoid Your Favourite Foods,
  • You Are Unsatisfied with Your Current Dentures or Dental Bridges.

How Long Will It Take?

Getting a dental implant or implants is a multi-step process that can take several months. Once we have determined that you are a good candidate for the procedure and you agree, you will be scheduled for having an implant inserted. This may also involve an extraction of the damaged tooth that will be replaced.

Once the implant is in place, your jaw and surrounding tissues will need some time to heal. This can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. At this time, our dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontitis will check the site to make sure it is healed properly and attach your new tooth.

Another great thing about dental implants: they are easy to maintain by brushing and flossing, just like your natural teeth because, after all, they are the closest thing you can have to your natural teeth. Simply care for your implants the same way that you would for your natural teeth and the dental implants will be a lifelong, more cost-effective solution to tooth loss. So don’t hesitate any longer. Come into Forest &amp; Ray’s conveniently located centre-city location and let us tell you more about the benefits of dental implants and restoring your gorgeous smile.

Traditional metal-wired braces are stainless-steel and are sometimes used in combination with titanium. Getting metal braces is definitely something to be excited about, but if you’re like most patients, you also have some questions and concerns about braces. Here are some things you should know about metal braces.


There are some key advantages that metal braces have over other brace options: Strength. Metal is very strong compared to other orthodontic treatment options. Plastic and ceramic brackets, on the other hand, are more fragile and break easily so they may have to be replaced a few times throughout the treatment process. They are also more effective in correcting overcrowding than some newer, more pliable clear plastic types.

Metal braces give your Forest & Ray orthodontist more versatility, more options. This means that we can remove them and as we need to check on your teeth every few weeks, and can determine if your teeth are moving properly. Our orthodontist can check your teeth and tighten the wires if necessary. As they’re fixed it means you have no chance of losing your braces, unlike invisible aligners which can easily be misplaced or lost if taken out of your mouth to eat, drink or to clean your teeth. Also, you can also choose braces with a darker ligature so they won’t show any signs of discolouration when you eat a curry, smoke or drink a black coffee.

Before and after braces

Preparatory Treatment

You may need some dental work to set the stage for the coming braces. Since your teeth will be blocked by the braces any loose fillings need to be attended to. This could include extractions. Before getting braces, you’ll need to have a teeth cleaning and have all other dental work completed. This may include having wisdom teeth removed so they don’t interfere with the orthodontic treatment.

Diet Preparation

Begin to limit or eliminate certain foods from your diet before you get braces that can become a big problem. This includes gummy and sticky foods like caramels, gummy bears, and gum; foods you have to yank to chew, like taffy or jerky; very hard foods, especially those you bite into like corn on the cob and apples (of course, you can still eat these, they just need to be cut and chewed rather than bitten into).

Treatment Time

Adults are especially concerned about the amount of time they need to wear braces. On average, it takes about 24 months to complete an orthodontic treatment. Some patients require less than 12 months, but there are also patients requiring up to 3 years of treatment before their teeth reach the desired position. Don’t worry though—that is an extreme example and the exception, not the rule.

The reason it takes so long is that the archwires of your braces will slowly and gently push your teeth into new positions and during that process, old bone tissue resorbs while the new bone tissue is formed. … This is the main reason why treatment with braces can last so long; it can take up to ten months for the new bone tissue to solidify!


Braces are a dental marvel and at Forest & Ray, we take great care to ensure successful implementation of them. But what about complications or risks? Do any exist? The short answer is yes: any medical or dental procedure is not without risks. While the risk factor is low, there does exist a chance of rare complications that could result in considerable problems for a patient.

  • Tooth decay and gum disease- When wearing braces, the areas of the teeth and gums that are close to or under archwires and brackets are difficult to clean. When teeth aren’t cleaned carefully, food particles can get trapped in these areas. This allows dental plaque to accumulate, which increases the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

  • Allergic reactions- Rarely, an orthodontic patient may experience an allergic reaction to the latex rubber in the elastics or to the metal used in braces. If you or your child have any known allergy to nickel or latex, you should inform your orthodontist before starting any treatment. In these cases, there are latex-free elastics and alternative metals that can be used.

  • Cavities-, good dental hygiene is hugely important for patients in braces, for both the health and appearance of the teeth. Decalcification shows up as white marks on the teeth, and cavities can quickly form if food and plaque are not removed on a regular basis. Thankfully, these issues are easy to prevent by thorough brushing, flossing, and a low sugar diet.

Taking care of your braces

Caring for braces is an important part of the experience: The better care you take of your braces, the more comfortable and effective they’ll be, and the quicker you’ll have them taken off.

We mentioned before about foods to avoid, but here are some concrete steps you can take to protect your teeth and your braces when wearing braces:

Brushing and Flossing with Braces

If your dental hygiene wasn’t the best before you got braces, it’s time to step up your game. Taking care of your teeth and gums becomes extra important when you wear braces, and caring for them means taking the time to brush your teeth and floss regularly. You’ll want to be gentle when you brush or floss in order to avoid damaging the wires and brackets.

Brush with a toothbrush with a soft head and brush after every meal as foods are more likely to get stuck in your braces, encouraging the buildup of plaque. Flossing after meals will help you get rid of food particles jammed between your teeth or in the wiring of your braces and on the brackets. Be gentle with the floss. Thread it carefully between the tooth and the braces’ wire, then work it slowly back and forth between the teeth and braces. Remember that too much force when flossing can damage your braces.

Added Caution:

Good for you if you or your child plays sports. But remember to wear a mouth guard on both your top and bottom teeth when you have braces. For the best fit, invest in one that’s custom made by your dentist. We at Forest & Ray want you to wear your braces confidently and wish you good dental health. Come in and talk to us about braces and the beginning of a great new smile.

When there’s too much damage for the tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. Tooth extraction is performed by a trusted Forest & Ray dentist or dental surgeon and is a quick outpatient procedure with either local or general anaesthesia.

Types of Tooth Extraction

There are 2 types of extraction procedures:
1: Simple Extractions– Simple extractions are usually performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth and it is usually done under local anaesthesia.
2: Surgical Extractions– Surgical extraction procedures are performed when the tooth cannot be easily accessed. This happens when the tooth has not fully erupted or when the tooth has been broken under the gum line. Surgical extractions are usually performed under general anaesthesia.

4 Reasons For Tooth Extractions

1. Irreparable tooth damage due to severe decay -This happens when tooth decay reaches the centre of the tooth which is the pulp.  The bacteria produced by the decay can invade the pulp and cause an infection. A root canal procedure can save the tooth. If it is too bad, then extraction is the only solution.
2. To forestall periodontal disease– Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone and other structures surrounding the teeth. The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis which is an infection of the gums. If the tooth is loose because of this, extraction may be warranted.
3. Extraction to eliminate overcrowding and/or to help an impacted tooth– At Forest & Ray, our orthodontist will check on how crowded your teeth are, and if there is enough room for them to move and give your set of teeth a better alignment. Teeth extractions are recommended when there is not enough space to straighten the alignment of your teeth.
A tooth is impacted when it is blocked from coming out, or when the gums did not fully erupt preventing the tooth to come out.  This is usually the case for wisdom teeth. We may recommend the extraction of the impacted tooth to prevent it from damaging other teeth.
4. Chipped or broken in an accident– We will try to repair or save the teeth but in some cases, extraction is the only recommended option.

After Extraction: What To Expect

We will give you detailed instructions on what to do and what to expect after your surgery. If you have any questions, make sure to ask them before you leave our office. Having a tooth taken out is surgery. You can expect some discomfort after even simple extractions. Usually it is mild. Research has shown that taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can greatly decrease pain after a tooth extraction. These drugs include ibuprofen, such as Advil, Motrin and others.
At Forest & Ray, our experienced professionals will be with you every step of the way, including the aftercare period. If necessary we can prescribe stronger anti-pain medicines to make sure you are as comfortable as possible and heal quickly.

As much as we like the NHS, when it comes to orthodontic referrals the waiting times can be daunting—months, even years. At Forest & Ray want to help you avoid the uncalled-for wait by offering you and your child a 10% discount for private care orthodontics so you can get started right away on the road to a perfect smile.

New Year, A New Smile

The purpose of orthodontic treatment is to make the best of your teeth. This includes allowing you to bite correctly, eat more comfortably, and to care for your teeth and gums more easily. And your smile will benefit, too. Why wait longer than you must to begin the process of  achieving a winning smile? There is a saying that, “Time is Money.” Forest & Ray Dental Clinic aims to tackle both issues by saving you time and money. How? By offering a 10% discount for you and/or your child on the orthodontic treatment that we will expertly perform in our state-of-the-art clinic.
Another advantage of choosing our offer from private treatment is that you won’t be restricted in your orthodontic options. You will have a wider choice of braces, including clear or invisible ones. Today’s braces are not nerdy anymore. You can now choose from bold colourful designs which you can change later on as your mood dictates and choose the option that shows the world the “real you”.

No Need For Waiting

While we are big advocates of NHS treatment, it’s important for Forest & Ray to provide you with all your available options, including self-funded private orthodontic treatment. As the name suggests, private care is not dependent on NHS funding, so you could start your treatment right away and you don’t need to be referred to us by your dentist. There is no waiting list and evening appointments allow you with flexible scheduling options.
By accepting the offer for private treatment, you will not only avoid the agony of waiting but the disappointment of possibly being declined. So what are you waiting for?  Carpe Diem-seize the day! Contact us now for your 10% discount and the first step on the journey to a brilliant smile and a brand new you!

An Uninvited, Unwelcome ’’Guest”. Isn’t it always the case- a toothache arriving at the worst time? Your house is alive with Christmas chatter and Christmas cheer. The festively decorated table, laden with goodies, is literally groaning under the weight of the Christmas culinary delights as your mouth waters in anticipation. And then, disaster strikes– the unmistakable pain in the mouth announcing the onset of a gnawing toothache! What could be worse than a toothache at one of the most hearty mealtimes of the year? Oh, what to do !?!

’’An Ounce of  Prevention…”

Chances are, the toothache wasn’t a complete surprise. You might have felt twinges of discomfort for days or even weeks prior. That’s where you made your first mistake—not seeking dental treatment from us sooner. A toothache could have been prevented. How? Let’s examine the possibilities. As a Forest & Ray patient, you could have:

  • Had the regularly scheduled six-month checkup which you conveniently missed.
  • Had your fillings checked and replaced prior to the holidays

Too Late, Toothache Is Here

Oh well, too late to do anything about it now. Christmas is here and you’re hungry—a toothache or not. So, what can you eat and what foods should you avoid? Even if you didn’t have a toothache, the rule of thumb for good dental health is to avoid sugary, syrupy, and fatty foods and drink. Innocent-looking eggnog is not so innocent as it contains loads of sugars, acids, and fats which are harmful to your teeth and your body. Acid-laden citrus fruits and tomato-based sauces can cause a toothache to act up, so it is best to avoid them.

But the real culprits are the hard foods, so:


  • Peanut Brittle
  • Nuts
  • Candy Canes
  • Gingerbread cookies
  • Christmas pudding (if stiff)
  • Toffees
  • Raw vegetables


  • Bananas, applesauce, and other soft fruits
  • Peach, pear, and apricot nectars
  • Well-cooked veggies which are tender
  • Stuffing
  • Mashed potatoes
  • Pureed meats
  • Porridge
  • Cottage Cheese, yogurt
  • Custards and gelatin

You would also do well to cut foods into smaller bits and let hot foods stand a while to cool so you won’t irritate the tooth further.

Home Remedies In The Meantime

Don’t despair that you can’t see the dentist until after the holidays. Relief is close at hand in the comfort of your own home. Here are some tried-and-true home remedies for temporary relief of toothache pain:

  1. Salt Water Rinse (warm)-salt is a natural disinfectant and the warm water will soothe the painful tooth. Simply mix 1/2 teaspoon (tsp) of salt into a glass of warm water and use it as a mouthwash. It will also loosen irritating food particles around the tooth.
  2.  Hydrogen Peroxide Rinse- similar to salt, this will kill the pain-inducing bacteria in the inflamed area.  Be sure to dilute properly: mix 3 percent hydrogen peroxide with equal parts of water and use it as a mouthwash. Don’t swallow it.
  3. Cold Compress-a cold compress causes the blood vessels in the area to constrict making the pain less severe. The cold can also reduce any swelling and inflammation. Simply hold a towel-wrapped bag of ice to the affected area for 20 minutes at a time; repeat every few hours.
  4. Peppermint Tea Bag- apply the warm or chilled tea bag to the affected area. This will numb/soothe.
  5. Garlic- recognized for millennia as a pain reliever, it can also kill bacteria. Crush a garlic clove to create a paste and apply it to the tooth. Feel free to add a bit of salt. Or, you can slowly chew a clove of fresh garlic.
  6. Clove- like garlic, clove has been used to treat toothaches for ages; the oil can numb the pain because it contains eugenol, which is a natural antiseptic.
  7. Thyme- is a powerful antibacterial for treating things like toothaches. Dab a few drops of thyme essential oil and a few drops of water onto a cotton ball. Dilute the oil with water and, apply to the affected area.
  8. Vanilla Extract- this effective home remedy is purposely listed last because it contains alcohol. A no-no for some, it’s a proven antioxidant and thus is an effective healer. Simply dab a small amount of vanilla extract onto your finger or a cotton ball. Apply it directly to the affected area a few times per day.

Naturally, the Forest & Ray family hopes that a toothache this Christmas is not in your Christmas stocking. But if it is, we hope the information above will help you get through the holidays without too much discomfort. We wish you happy holidays and look forward to seeing you in the New Year!

merry xmas

Brushing with a toothbrush and string flossing has been a staple of good oral hygiene forever. And both are still important today. It’s how patients go about doing them these days that is stealing the spotlight. At Forest & Ray, we want to congratulate you brushers and flossers out there while, at the same time, alerting you to ways of more effectively getting the job done. 

The Electric Advantage

Nowadays, appliances are available which allow the power of electricity to improve our oral hygiene. The electric toothbrush and water flossing appliances are on the market which can dramatically help you maintain good, healthy teeth and gums. To better illustrate the point, let’s look at an interesting statistic which compares the simple, manual toothbrush with a new and better alternative.
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Dentistry compared the efficacy of a water flosser to string floss used in combination with a manual toothbrush. The researchers found that the group who used the waterpik had a 74.4 percent reduction in plaque as compared to a 57.7 percent reduction in the group who used the string floss. While no such studies exist for the electric toothbrush, it is reasonable to assume that the brisk brushing action of the electric toothbrush is much better than brushing your teeth manually.

Clearing Up The Confusion

So, it is apparent that electric water flossing and the electric toothbrush represent improvements. But which is better and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?

Water flossing

Pros:  Water picking has many advantages. A waterpik is easy to use, especially for people with braces, or other types of dental work like permanent or temporary bridges. The massage action can also improve gum health and reach areas that can’t be reached with traditional floss.
Cons:  There are many disadvantages to using a water flosser as well. A waterpik can be expensive to purchase, and will need space for storage. It requires access to electricity and water and can be bulky making it difficult to use outside of the home.

Electric toothbrush

Pros:  Electric toothbrushes oscillate many times per second, far faster than we could attempt with a manual brush. The degree of movement and the varying angles of attack an electric brush allows patients to get their mouth as clean as possible. This helps reduce cavity risk, is very effective at getting rid of plaque and helps prevent gingivitis (gum disease).
Also, it’s almost effortless–The brush does all the work for you; some have a timer for the full two minutes; others tell you when to move to another section of your mouth. Some have pressure indicators to stop you from brushing too hard.
Cons:  There aren’t many. It used to be, before rechargeable batteries, that there had to be an electric outlet nearby. No more. And, in the past, electric models were expensive. Sure, some fancy gizmo could set you back Ł300 or more. But you can pick up a very effective appliance for nearer to Ł30.

Teeth cleaning with electric toothbrush
Teeth cleaning with electric toothbrush

Don’t Quit Because Of Money

One thing is for certain: whichever you choose, it will be an improvement over the old methods of manual brushing and string flossing.  If money is an issue—don’t despair. While you are making your decision to enter the 21st century, we at Forest & Ray recommend that you keep brushing twice a day and flossing at least once- that’s still a good recipe for good dental health.

Trying to stop nature’s process of yellowing teeth is the pursuit of many patients. But it has been said that “time and tide wait for no one”. So we try our best by practicing good oral hygiene habits. But even with regular brushing and flossing, it can be hard to avoid the gradual greying the teeth undergo. Likewise, if you have poor oral health habits, your teeth can rapidly turn yellow, brown or even black. However, that doesn’t mean that you can’t get your teeth white again by whitening them yourself. But to do so you may have to separate fact from fiction!

The Never-ending Quest For Natural Teeth Whitening

Here are some natural, at-home remedies which are safe and can whiten your teeth. But try them at your peril because some may be just myths and actually harmful!

Oil Pulling?

This technique is popular in Ayurvedic medicine. You swish a tablespoon of oil (such as sesame, coconut, or olive oil) around in your mouth for up to 20 minutes to “pull out” bacteria. A recent study found that using coconut oil could prevent tooth decay, but there’s no science to support it leaving a sparkle.

Apples, Pineapples, and Strawberries ?

Maybe. Malic acid in apples boosts saliva to wash away acids. Toothpaste with bromelain, a compound in pineapple, help whiten teeth. But there’s no evidence that eating these fruits will make your grin gleam. Skip the strawberries, too. A study in Operative Dentistry found that brushing with a mixture of them and baking soda had no whitening effects. Even worse, the citric acid in strawberries can break down enamel, the outer shell of your tooth.

Hydrogen peroxide ?- be careful

It’s the bleaching agent found in most home whitening kits. It actually changes a tooth’s colour. One study found that painting an over-the-counter gel with 6% hydrogen peroxide on teeth made a noticeable difference after 2 weeks. The inexpensive bottles of liquid you can buy in a drugstore usually have a lower percentage. And the American Dental Association says swishing will probably irritate your gums before it whitens your teeth.

Apple cider vinegar?

Gargle before you brush to help kill bacteria and remove stains, they say. You’ll get a whiter smile, it is said. Sorry, no studies confirm these claims. While it can brighten the taste of your salad dressing, don’t expect apple cider vinegar to brighten your teeth!


The warm, bitter spice that’s known for flavoring curry is also a natural dye that can turn a white fabric a bright gold. Supposedly, turmeric paste can turn dingy teeth back to pearly white.  But hold on: There’s no solid research to back this up.

Teeth whitening
Teeth whitening


Good old brushing and flossing

Good oral hygiene is a tried-and-true method for keeping your smile looking its best. Toothpaste gently buffs out stains from the surface of your teeth. Whitening toothpaste work the same way with more ingredients; they don’t bleach your teeth. Flossing gets rid of food and bacteria that could harden into plaque, which makes your teeth look dull and darker.

Baking soda

Besides helping batter rise, it’s also a mild abrasive that scrubs away stains. You could try using a DIY paste of baking soda, but you’ll probably get better results by switching to a toothpaste with sodium bicarbonate. Studies show brushing with products that have baking soda will work on surface stains over time.

and, don’t forget the common sense… watch what you eat and drink

Here at Forest & Ray, we remind you that: An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Foods including dark berries and drinks such as coffee, red wine, and soda are known offenders, but you don’t have to give them up. Enjoy these in moderation, and rinse with water right afterward so there’s less chance they’ll affect your teeth. (Wait 30 minutes before brushing to protect the enamel.) Since smoking and chewing tobacco can also cause stains, we think it’s another good reason to quit.

Regarding tooth replacement you, the patient, happily have many options. But each choice comes with a corresponding consequence. That is why a consultation beforehand is so important. The consultation will encompass many factors and must take into account your budget, comfort level, and cosmetic desires. During your consultation, your dentist will help you explore all the options available to you. He or she will ask leading questions to help you determine which approach is best for your personal needs. But, don’t forget, the tooth replacement consultation is a two-way street. You should ask questions, too. What are some questions you should ask?

What Are My Tooth Replacement Options?

You have several ways to go depending on cost and aesthetics:
•    Traditional Bridgework
•    Implants
•    Composite Bridgework

Which Tooth Replacement Procedure Is Right For Me and What are the Pros and Cons Of Each?

For years, traditional bridgework was the go-to procedure for dentists—that is before improved methods came along. Still, with traditional bridgework, the end result is that– at the very least– you will have a full chewing surface.  Though not a perfect solution, that’s something to be happy about. But remember, if one tooth in the bridge is compromised, you lose the entire bridge.
With an implant, the dental specialist places a post (most commonly titanium) into the jawbone at the site of the missing tooth.  Then a crown is placed on the post. This is a more costly procedure—but for good reason. You will gain full functionality of that chewing surface, as well as a placeholder to keep other teeth from shifting in the mouth. Also, the jawbone becomes activated in the chewing process.
Composite bridgework is an interesting alternative to traditionally fixed bridgework. The main upside to composite bridge work is that the two anchor teeth won’t ground to posts. The dentist simply builds off of the adjacent teeth with composite materials to fill the gap. The pros are that it may be more aesthetically pleasing as there is no metal. And unlike traditionally fixed bridges, if one of the anchor teeth becomes compromised, you can still remove the bridge and keep at least one of the teeth.

dental implant
Be confident with your smile!

More Questions Will Pop-up and Need Answering

After we cover the basics to help you make a decision and ease your mind, other questions are bound to arise. Maybe you’re thinking of some of them—such as:
•    How long does the entire process take?
•    What can I expect in terms of recovery time?
•    How painful is the procedure? How do you alleviate the pain?
•    What are the instances of failure? What then?

Cost: The Elephant in the Room

Cost is being addressed last here but, chances are, it’s been in the front of your mind from the moment you began considering tooth replacement. We are prepared  for this eventuality when these questions arise:
•    How much will each tooth replacement option cost?
•    Is financing available to make the outlay easier to swallow?

At Forest & Ray, we expect your questions (having fielded them thousands of time before) and we welcome them. You can be sure that whatever tooth replacement option you choose, you will have been thoroughly briefed on all the pros and cons, the possible outcomes, and are 100% confident in your decision. Remember, the proper decision is a collaborative effort between the patient and the Forest & Ray dental professionals.

Often, when we contemplate a visit to the dentist or having dental work done, we may be a bit nervous. This is normal and a reason why the general consultation is so important. The first, or general, consultation is designed to dispel that nervousness. At the same time, it is an opportunity for you to ask questions of the dentist and take the measure of your surroundings. 

You should come away with a good idea if the dentist is a professional with whom you would be happy to work. You also have the opportunity to assess the atmosphere and ambiance- as well as cleanliness- of the dental clinic. It is also an opportunity for you to gauge the level of professional care you might receive.  Once you have been there a while, have asked some questions, and weighed the answers, your nervousness will probably disappear. This bodes well for your future relationship with the dentist and the clinic and is a primary reason to have a general consultation.

The Main Reasons for a General Consultation

  • Ensure optimum dental health is achieved
  • Ensure dental problems are addressed as soon as possible
  • Recommend the best form of dental treatment and management
  • Assess a person’s eligibility for surgery or other forms of treatment
  • Determine how dental problems affect the other parts of the body
  • Obtain a personal dental history or profile

What Are Typical Questions Asked During the General Consultation?

  • Given my teeth as you see them, what procedures might you recommend?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the procedures you are suggesting?
  • Do you specialize in orthodontics or do you also do general dentistry?
  • Will you be doing the procedures or will it be another dentist?
  • How long will the entire process take?
  • What do you estimate the cost of the treatments to be?
  • Is there financing available?
  • Will my insurance cover all, part or none of the costs?

Depending on the kind of amount of dental work you are contemplating, you might want to probe deeper in order to become supremely confident you are making the correct decision.

Dental consultation
Oral health is important for your entire body

More In-depth Questions

  • Do you possess the proper accreditations to do the dental procedures?
  • Where were you educated?
  • Approximately how many of the recommended procedures have you done?
  • Can I see photos of your work
  • What are alternative procedures?
  • How do you do to mitigate pain?
  • What can I expect during recovery?
  • What will be the anticipated frequency of visits?

These are just a sample of the type of questions that patients frequently ask during a general consultation. Whether you have more or less, we at Forest & Ray are capable of answering all your queries and are eager to do so. Come on in and let’s get started!

While the short answer to whether to have a dental implant while pregnant is yes, there are many reasons why, if you can, you should delay the procedure until after the pregnancy.  After the first trimester, pregnant patients are typically given the green light for routine dental treatments, such as crowns, fillings and root canals.

Studies show that local anesthesia is completely safe during pregnancy. Getting dental implants while pregnant, however, often require stronger anesthesia, which can be risky for the unborn child. Also, higher levels of estrogen can be present in pregnant women. This can increase the risk of infection and contribute to bleeding gums and tooth decay. If these issues become significant, the need for a dental implant may increase. But the procedure should only be performed at certain times during a pregnancy to reduce the risk of unwanted issues. In most cases, dentists will recommend waiting until after the delivery of your baby.

Implants while pregnant
implants while pregnant

Other concerns about implants while pregnant

In the decision of whether to have implants while pregnant, also consider these factors:

  • X-rays – Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that dental x-rays are safe for pregnant women, there are risks associated with the exposure of an unborn child to the small amount of radiation used in radiology. Even though a dental diagnostic x-ray focuses on the mouth area only, many choose to avoid x-rays altogether while pregnant just to be safe.
  • Stress – The American Pregnancy Association says that high anxiety levels in an expectant mother can affect the development of a baby. An elective surgery is likely to induce unneeded worry during an already stressful time. If the situation isn’t an emergency, wait until after your baby is born to proceed with dental implants.

But you don’t have to wait until after your pregnancy to begin researching your dental implant options. Setting up a consultation with your dentist provides you with the information you need to make the best choice for your dental health. It should provide you valuable information of whether you should or could be fitted with implants while pregnant.

Even better, if you are looking for immediate results and  would like to restore your smile in just one day, we can offer you teeth in a day (also known as All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)) option.
This concept is based on same day surgery and fit of new teeth (full set of teeth)!

First consultation

At an initial assessment our surgeon, Dr Martinis will be able to tell you how soon you will be eligible for All-on-4  (Same-day teeth): Teeth in a day.
At this first consultation we should take impressions, X-rays and photos of your mouth. It is very likely than a 3D CBCT scan will be required to safely and effectively plan your treatment.

Are you interested in All-on-4 (Same-day teeth)? Come to our surgery for an All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) consultation!

All-on-4  (Same-day teeth): Teeth in a day appointment


If you are happy to start your treatment we will book a morning and same day afternoon session for your same day new teeth.
In the morning Dr Martinis will place the implants to support the new teeth. If any additional surgical procedure is required such as bone grafting or sinus lift it will be done simultaneously.
This may take 3 or more hours and can be done under local anaesthesia.


Immediately after this surgical appointment our dental implant technicians optimise the already constructed, visible part of your new teeth: your implant supported teeth for your afternoon session. During this time you can rest and enjoy a liquid form lunch.


Your long term temporary new teeth will be fitted the same day at this session. It will be supported by (usually 4) implants for each jaw and fitted securely, it allows you to speak and smile without worrying of a sliding denture, giving an immense and immediate boost to your confidence within just one day. The end results are amazing..

All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)

Additional notes

  • In most cases 4 implants are sufficient to support an entire arch of teeth. As every case and every patient is different, please note that depending on the case the numbers of implants can be more than 4.
  • After same day teeth further appointments are required: a natural looking long term temporary bridge is fitted on the same day of the implantation, allowing you to chew, smile and speak with confidence. After the healing time your bridge, usually 3 months, it will be replaced by final custom made new teeth perfectly constructed to exactly match the parameters of your mouth. Finals will need at least 3 more appointments that last a bit more than an hour each.

All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) can be a perfect solution for you

  • if you have  no teeth at all
  • if you have wide gaps and most of your teeth are loose or failing
  • if you have slurred speech and/or gum irritation due to an ill-fitting denture
  • if you would like to enjoy all kinds of food on the long term without worrying of a sliding denture
  • if your self-confidence is affected by your denture/lack of teeth and would like a natural looking and permanent solution


Eleftherios Martinis DDS, MSc Dental Implantology, GCAP, AFHEA, DipDSed, MFDS RCSEd

  • Tooth Implant Dentist in Private Clinics Central London
  • Member of the American Academy of Implant Dentistry
  • Mentor for Dental Implantology
  • Specialty Doctor in Oral Surgery King’s College Hospital and Clinical Teacher King’s College London

Many teeth are still being filled with the silver-coloured amalgam fillings because they are long- lasting and less expensive than some other options. Presently, there is a heated debate among dentists about the choice of fillings for the teeth.

Some patients are quick to opt for the composite resin filling simply because it is a white filling and will better match the natural tooth colour. However, because the resin is composed of plastic and glass mixture, it probably won’t last as long as other fillings for the teeth. There also seems to be a problem with deep-fillings when a composite is used. They can create insensitivity and even pain that can lead to more intense dental efforts to reverse–and that can possibly lead to nerve damage. Dentists will tell you that when it comes to longevity and cost-effectiveness, amalgam fillings are hard to beat. But many dentists no longer recommend amalgam fillings and are even replacing them with composite fillings because of the materials in amalgam fillings.  An amalgam filling is an alloy of mercury (50%), silver, copper, tin and sometimes zinc. On the other hand, there is no denying that amalgams are more readily visible-often appearing as black dots among the teeth.

Mercury in Amalgams

Because of the fear of mercury in amalgams, several European countries, as well as several United States dental schools, have refused to accept dental amalgam as an alternative dental filling material. In many cases, dentists have recommended the removal and replacement of silver amalgam in a patient’s mouth with crowns, inlays, or composite fillings. This overlooks the fact that mercury vapours are also released when the amalgam filling is removed. And, often, this extensive “correction” of otherwise good fillings and healthy teeth causes the patient to experience more pain and problems. Moreover, In the United States, official studies by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) have stated that “current data is insufficient to support an association between mercury release from amalgams and the various complaints that have been attributed to this restorative material.”  The American Dental Association (ADA) has joined the FDA in positing that amalgam is a safe restorative material, and any dentist who recommends removing amalgams due to health concerns from mercury is deemed unethical and could lose their license.

filling teeth
Amalgam dental filling

The Case for Composite Fillings

Dentists are quick to point out that besides there being even a hint of mercury getting into the bloodstream, the materials in amalgams shrink and degrade over time exposing the cavity. On the other hand, they contend the materials in composites are primarily adhesives, stick to the inside of the teeth and will not shrink over time.  Another important reason for choosing composite fillings IS  they are more aesthetically pleasing. They match the other teeth better and are, therefore, worth the extra cost and the few extra minutes. Because of this, they are the way most teeth are being filled today and are recommended by so many dentists.

New solution available for entire arch of teeth replacement: All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  refers to the concept of 4 implants supporting a whole arch of teeth. All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  implants can be the most cost-effective way to replace an entire upper or lower set of teeth, because not every single tooth is needed to be replaced by an implant. In addition All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  require less surgery than replacing many individual teeth.

What Are the Risks of All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) ?

Perhaps the greatest risk is the possibility that at least one of the implants doesn’t take hold– either because it was misplaced, it was faulty or because the bone didn’t heal appropriately. Recent studies have shown that consuming alcohol and tobacco during the first few weeks after an All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  procedure may increase the risk of implant failure, as both of these products have a detrimental effect on the healing process. Fortunately, even if it’s a bother, an implant failure has few consequences. Due to the simplicity of the process, a dentist can easily schedule another appointment to replace it in a single sitting.
On the other hand, the permanent denture affixed to the implant can also present its own share of problems. One of the most common mistakes new dentists make when placing All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  is to make the final denture from acrylic or plastic. While this could work in theory, these materials tend to stain very quickly, and they accumulate residues and tartar, which may lead to bad breath. It’s not that big a deal when used for temporary dentures, since the can be removed and cleaned, but that’s not the case with an All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) . Perhaps you’ve read that there could be a risk of nerve damage associated with implants. Relax, it’s less than 1% of all procedures.

What Are the Benefits of All on 4  (Same-day teeth) ?

There are a few different reasons All-on-4 (Same-day teeth)  can be beneficial for patients. For one thing, All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) can completely restore an entire arch of teeth in one sitting. This cuts down on time spent in the dentist’s chair and decreases the number of surgical procedures needed to restore all of your teeth.
All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) also help decrease the need for bone grafts. Tooth loss can lead to jaw bone loss, especially if missing teeth aren’t replaced shortly after they’re lost. And the more bone you lose, the more difficult it can be to place dental implants, which is why bone grafts are sometimes required before implants can be placed. But when only four implants are required, dentists can choose areas where the bone is more plentiful to place the implants–which means that you may not need a bone graft even if you’ve lost bone mass in some parts of your jaw.

All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) gives you confidence

Precautions to Take To Help the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) Process

First, always follow your dentist’s instructions faithfully. Of course, as previously stated, you also want to avoid smoking, tobacco products, and alcoholic beverages. You should eat softer foods for a while and continue to maintain good oral hygiene practices.
There are some great products you can use to help keep your implants clean, like a Waterpik or special implant floss. Ask us about these from your dentist! Also, make sure to keep up your regular 6-month check-ups
So, if All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) seems right for you, proceed with confidence. Given the level of expertise at Forest & Ray Dental Clinic, you can rest easy if you decide to go the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) way with us.

When there is too much damage for the tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. Having a tooth removed is a pretty straightforward procedure. If there is enough of the tooth to be grasped by the dentist’s instruments, the dentist will perform a simple extraction. But if the tooth is severely damaged, extracting the tooth may require the dentist to get at it by making an incision in the gum. Either way, the tooth extraction is still surgery, so expect some discomfort.  If the tooth extraction was done surgically rather than a simple extraction, the pain is likely to be somewhat greater and last a bit longer. The intensity and length of the discomfort after the tooth extraction will depend on how difficult it was to remove the tooth. Typically, though, the pain will last for a few days.

Why the Length and Level of Pain

Regardless of whether the tooth extraction was simple or surgical there will more bleeding and it will last longer generally than cuts elsewhere on your body. A cut in the mouth tends to bleed more than a cut elsewhere on the skin. This is because of the mouth moisture-it cannot dry out and form a scab. After a tooth extraction, you’ll be asked to bite on a piece of gauze for 20 to 30 minutes. This pressure will allow the blood to clot. You will still have a small amount of bleeding for the next 24 hours or so. It should taper off after that. Your dentist will likely place a sedative dressing over the socket for a few days to protect it as a new clot forms. Warning: Don’t disturb the clot that forms in the wound. There also might be some additional discomfort if stitches were required after extracting the tooth. If your doctor used the kind of stitches that dissolve on their own, it could take a week or two longer. In this instance, expect the discomfort to linger longer also. It takes weeks even months for the tissue around the extracted tooth to actually heal. The good news is that the pain and discomfort will be gone after only a few days.

After tooth removal
What to Do to Lessen Pain, Promote Healing After Tooth Removal

What to Do to Lessen Pain, Promote Healing After Tooth Removal

Your dentist will outline instructions following the tooth extraction(s).  The dentist may tell you to:

  • Bite firmly but gently on the gauze pad placed by your dentist to reduce bleeding in the area of the extracted tooth and allow a clot to form in the tooth socket. Change gauze pads before they become soaked with blood.  Otherwise, leave the pad in place for three to four hours after the extraction.
  • Apply an ice bag to the affected area immediately after the procedure to keep down swelling. Apply ice for 10 minutes at a time.
  • Take prescribed painkillers
  • Relax for at least 24 hours after the tooth extraction. Limit activity for the next day or two.
  • Avoid rinsing or spitting forcefully for 24 hours after the extraction to avoid dislodging the clot that forms in the socket.
  • Rinse gently with a salt water solution about 24 hours after surgery a few times a day
  • Not smoke or use a straw or spit after surgery. These actions can pull the blood clot out of the hole where the tooth was. Do not smoke on the day of surgery. Do not smoke for 24 to 72 hours after having a tooth extracted.

Bad breath is also known by the clinical name of halitosis and it regularly afflicts about one in four people. Something things to know about bad breath/halitosis: it doesn’t discriminate among the young, the old or the in-between nor does it discriminate between sexes. Halitosis is a problem for women and men alike. You can check yourself for halitosis by licking your wrist and sniffing. If you’re especially brave you might ask a trusted friend or significant other if your breath honestly stinks. Halitosis can be more than just an embarrassment. It can be a warning sign of a grave dental disease such as periodontal (gum) disease.

What Causes Halitosis

There are many causes of this common problem.  Persistent bad breath is usually caused by the foul gases released by the bacteria that coat your teeth, gums, and tongue. Also, the small chunks of food that get caught between the teeth and on the tongue will rot and can sometimes cause an unpleasant smell. Strong foods like garlic, coffee, and onions can add to the problem. Plaque build-up can also cause halitosis. Plaque is really the bacteria that coat our teeth and gums and it will cause worse things than just bad breath. It can cause cavities and gum disease. Another cause of bad breath/halitosis is “dry mouth”. This is a condition is caused by the build-up of bacteria in your mouth because your mouth isn’t producing sufficient saliva leading to halitosis.

Some medicines may contribute to the “dry mouth” condition. Dry mouth may also be caused by continually breathing through your mouth instead of your nose. This condition, which leads to not producing saliva, is more common among older people and may lead to further problems as well. If this is you, you are well advised to seek professional medical advice. A prime cause of halitosis is, not surprisingly, smoking.  However, the diseases associated with smoking are far more critical than halitosis. Alcoholic beverages are a common cause of bad breath, too. And then, there are some more serious physical conditions which could cause bad breath such as acid reflux, diabetes, liver, and kidney problems-just to name a few. A thorough medical exam may diagnose such situations.

Halitosis causes
Halitosis causes

Preventing Bad Breath

Watch what you eat. What you eat affects what you exhale and is a prime cause of bad breath. That’s because as food is digested, it’s absorbed into your bloodstream and then is expelled from your lungs through your mouth when you breathe. The result: halitosis otherwise known as bad breath. Avoid breath busters such as garlic, onions, and some other spicy foods.  But often, just improving your oral hygiene is usually enough to cure bad breath and stop it happening again.  To do this, make sure you:

  • floss between your teeth daily
  • brush your teeth and gums regularly
  • clean your tongue regularly
  • use a mouth wash. But be choosy as some have an undesirable smell of their own
  • cut back on alcohol and don’t use tobacco products

 X-rays, also known as radiographs, are an essential part of any dental care treatment plan. They are diagnostic, but they can also be preventive, by helping a dentist detect potential oral care issues in a patient’s mouth before they become a major problem. The pros and cons of the dental x-ray are often the topic of heated debate. One factor, however, cannot be disputed.  There is simply not a better way to discover if a cavity or periodontal disease-or both- are present.

Disadvantage of Dental X-ray

The problem is the amount of radiation emanating from the dental x-ray and the prospects for causing cancer that distresses many people. Ionizing radiation is a form of radiation that has enough energy to potentially cause damage to DNA. Risks from exposure to ionizing radiation include a small increase in the possibility that a person exposed to x-rays will develop cancer later in life. Most dental experts agree that dental x-rays promote only a small increased risk of cancer in future from exposure to ionising radiation. Still, there is no denying that the radiation dosage from a dental x-ray is greater than that of the plain x-ray. What worries some patients about the radiation effects of the dental x-ray is that the after effects of x-ray exams may not be truly discovered until later in life.

Advantages of Dental X-Ray

First, it should be established that the dental x-ray is crucial to diagnosing dental problems and the radiation effect from a dental x-ray should not keep someone from seeking dental care. It is clear that the benefits of a dental x-ray far outweigh the risks. As for the worry about radiation, be advised that dental x-rays are one of the lowest radiation doses performed. Getting a bit technical for a moment- a routine exam which includes 4 bitewings is about 0.005 mSv, which is less than one day of natural background radiation. It is also about the same amount of radiation exposure from a short airplane flight of 1-2 hrs. The fact remains that many diseases of the teeth and surrounding tissues cannot be seen when your dentist examines your mouth without X-rays. Just a few things a dental x-ray may reveal:

  • Cavities in the teeth or below existing fillings;
  • Infections in the bone
  • Periodontal disease, and more
dental x-ray
Dental x-ray

Good News About Dental X-Ray

But patients should be comforted by the knowledge that technology has improved and the dental x-rays today expose us to much less radiation than before. Additionally, taking the simple precaution of using a protective apron can lower the risk of exposure to radiation. This step will limit the exposure to radiation that causes so much patient anxiety. These days, most aprons have an extra piece that wraps around the neck to protect the thyroid gland. So ask your dentist about an apron with the enhanced protection. For added relief for the patient is a declaration from the National Academy’s National Research Council which found that low doses of radiation pose some risk for cancer, but the risk is minimal. The Council opined, “It is unlikely that there is a threshold below which cancers are not induced, but at low doses, the number of radiation-induced cancers will be small.” Translation: don’t let the prospect of a dental x-ray deter you from proper dental care.


Choosing a dentist is a very difficult and crucial thing. The dentist has to be kind and professional, the dentistry should be close to your home, and should be well-equipped, last but not least the costs has to be affordable or the clinic should offer finance options, which suits to your conditions.

How to choose a dentist?

First of all you should decide between NHS and private dental care. Then it is advisable to choose a clinic, which is close to your home, because after some treatments, you may feel numbly or uncomfortable and want to arrive home early. You also have to take the finance options under consideration. After that you should choose your dentist. Go to a consultation and get to know your dentist personally! If your dentist is kind to you, the trust will be higher during the treatment.

Finance options at a dental practice

For dental treatment you can choose NHS dental care where you only have to pay a contribution.
If you decide to visit a private clinic, you can choose from different finance options:

  • You can pay by credit card, but in this case, there will be some interest rate (in average it is 1,5%) and monthly costs
  • You can also finance your treatment via healthcare finance company. They offer free or low finance options with low monthly payment costs. You can choose this option for medical or even cosmetic dentistry issues
  • You can have a dental insurance
  • Your employer can pay the dental care for you if a flexible spending account is available for you

Finance options at Forest&Ray

Our practice provides loans from £1000 – £25,000 for those patients, who are 21 years old or older and has been living in UK for at least 3 years. We have no interest finance option for 6/10/12 months below £1000 – £3000. It is suitable for shorter treatments, general or cosmetic dentistry and simpler orthodontic issues. Besides this, there is also a longer term finance option at our clinic, which is from £3000 for 2-5 years and has 9,9% interest rate. This would cover a tooth replacement treatment or an aesthetic orthodontics. These options help you start the treatment within a week and spread your dental costs, so you can easily build the loan into your monthly costs.

Calculate your finance option now!

If you have lost some teeth or even one tooth, you’ll be happy to know that there are three dental replacement options available to you with varying costs and outcomes. Actually, there are four choices because the fourth is to do nothing. But doing nothing will likely cause bigger problems for you later. If you’re reading this, you must be seriously considering dental replacement options. Remember, good teeth mean more than just a brilliant smile and added confidence. You will be able to speak and eat better, too. There are many factors to consider when making a dental replacement choice. Often, the cost is one. With that in mind, here are the dental replacement choices from the least to the most expensive and what is involved in each procedure.


This is the least expensive of your dental replacement options for a few good reasons. They:

  • Are temporary
  • Are not as secure as more permanent options
  • Are sometimes uncomfortable
  • Must be removed for proper cleaning

Dentures are frequently chosen because they are the cheapest option. If you choose them as your dental replacement choice, take comfort knowing that modern dentures can be made to look exceptionally good.  But, they can be uncomfortable at times if they do not fit quite well and could slip and slide. Ask your dentist how to remedy this situation if slipping occurs. Also, some patients are put off by having to remove them on occasion for cleaning. And they could break if dropped.

Dental Bridges

Dental bridges are often chosen because they are a compromise dental replacement choice between the cheaper but less permanent dentures and the more expensive implants.
Dental Bridges:

  • Are a permanent dental replacement solution
  • Is an option which doesn’t require surgery
  • Provide the same natural look and feel as dental implants
  • Allow you to eat normally without slippage

Dental bridges avoid the need for surgery by making use of the neighboring teeth and are a sound, cheaper alternative to implants. Bridges have been made for a long time and are an extremely inexpensive way to replace missing teeth. Be aware that there may be additional work required as drilling may be necessary for some teeth to accept crowns which anchor the bridges. With a new crown on the teeth either side of the gap, the dentist can suspend a new tooth and join it to those two new crowns. Be advised that the dentist may have to provide three new teeth. One is needed for each side of the space and the tooth to replace the missing one. This can be an unexpected extra cost.

Dental bridges
Dental bridge


If cost is not an issue in the dental replacement search, choose implants because they:

  • Are also a permanent solution
  • Will match your other teeth
  • May last longer than other options and, hence
  • Could be more cost- effective over time

A dental implant is a titanium replacement for your natural tooth inserted into your jaw bone that fuses to your jaw to create a secure ‘root’. It integrates with your mouth completely so you will find that, in most cases, a dental implant becomes a solid and permanent dental replacement for one or more missing teeth. The solution results in the implant matching the coloration of your current teeth and is also shaped to fit flawlessly with your natural teeth. This is especially important when considering a dental replacement for the all-important front tooth or teeth. Plan thoroughly with your dentist as treatment time will vary, though a usual case will take 3-5 months in total.

Summing Up

Now that you know what your dental replacement options are, it is important that you select the one that best suits your needs and your wallet. Take action now to replace your missing teeth to prevent possible future problems with bone loss in that area and your bite—and, of course, to get that great smile.


For the perfect smile at an affordable price, consider dental bonding or what is commonly called tooth bonding. This is a restorative solution with applications in both general and cosmetic dentistry. Some dentists view tooth bonding as a less expensive procedure best- suited for small cosmetic changes or for temporary correction of cosmetic defects. Why might you consider tooth bonding? First, tooth bonding is a safe, non-toxic and less expensive than some dental alternatives such as its close cousin dental veneers. Next, tooth bonding requires very little tooth preparation so you needn’t worry about discomfort. Lastly, after the procedure has strengthened and beautified your teeth, the teeth look and feel like natural tooth enamel.

When Should You Think About Dental Bonding?

What might lead you to consider tooth bonding? Here is a just a handful of reasons for which it may be useful:

  • By repairing decayed teeth by filling in the cavities with resins not amalgam fillings
  • By repairing chipped or cracked teeth
  • By making discolored teeth look more natural
  • By closing the gaps between teeth
  • By changing the shape of teeth

The Tooth Bonding Procedure

One of the benefits of tooth bonding is that little advance preparation is required. Often times, unless a decayed tooth requiring drilling is required, it can be performed without anesthesia. Also, if a chipped tooth has exposed a nerve, anesthesia might be needed. With that out of the way, your dentist will use a shade guide to select a composite resin color that will closely match the color of your tooth. Once that is done, the actual tooth bonding can begin.  Now, the tooth is ready to roughen and a conditioning liquid is applied to aid adherence.  Next, a tooth-colored, pasty resin is then applied, shaped, and smoothed after which a bright, typically blue light, or laser is then used to harden the material. The tooth bonding procedure is completed by the dentist’s final molding and polishing.

Tooth bonding
Caring For Your Bonded Teeth

The Pros And Cons Of Tooth Bonding

The primary reason that prospective patients look at tooth bonding is it’s the easiest and least expensive of cosmetic dental procedures.  Veneers and crowns, besides being more costly and time- consuming have to be manufactured off-site. Not so with dental bonding which, a tooth in most cases, can be done in one office visit. Other advantages include the saving of tooth enamel and, as mentioned, anesthesia is not required. Sounds good so far but what are some of the disadvantages? There are a few. The bonded tooth will be more susceptible to chipping and could separate from the tooth. It is also more likely to stain than the more permanent restorative procedures. Also, the tooth bonding procedure does not last as long as other restorative procedures such as veneers, crowns, and fillings but you should be able to wear them for up to 10 years successfully.

Caring For Your Bonded Teeth

The life of the dental bond will depend on how you take care of it. You must try to avoid hard candy, ice cubes and similar substances that can crack the composite material. It’s important as well as avoiding  opening food packaging with your teeth, chewing pen caps, and biting your fingernails.  Also, certain substances can also stain the resin used in bonding; coffee, tea, and tobacco products are three of the biggest offenders. And, of course, remember to brush regularly using a dentist-prescribed toothpaste and go back for cleanings every six months.

The aim of cosmetic dentistry is beautiful, aesthetic smile, which gives confidence and freedom to its owner. It can fix many problems in connection with the tooth colour, size, shape or also condition. Here are some interesting cosmetic dentistry procedures, which may also help you.

Gingival Contouring

Gummy smile – many people cope with this problem every day. This term means, that when you smile, not only your teeth, but also your gums are visible. Gummy smile can be corrected with several treatments, for example, surgical lip repositioning, orthodontics, laser gum reshaping and so on. These treatments are made by orthodontists, oral surgeons or periodontists, many of them can be done at a dentistry.


When you have tooth decay and you do not stop the problem on time, you can also have more serious issues later. The damaged surface can become too big for a filling or some part of your tooth can broke down. If your tooth do not have healthy part anymore, it should be extracted and replaced with an implant. However, if your tooth still has healthy parts, it can be saved with an inlay or onlay. This means, that the dentist recovers your teeth with porcelain or a precious metal of your choice. In some cases smaller inlays are made out of composite filling material. The difference between inlay and onlay is the size and the position. The inlay is used when the wall of the tooth or some cusps are missing, and the onlay is used, when the top of the tooth is missing. Inlays and onlays are made in the dental laboratory before being fitted into place.

Inlay / Onlay

Composite bonding

Dentists use tooth-coloured composite filling material for broken, chipped, discolored and decayed teeth to replace the missing parts of the teeth. They apply this material onto the surface of the tooth, sculpt it and harden with high-intensity light. This process usually takes one visit, but there are some cases, when the missing part has to be sculpted at the laboratory and placed onto the teeth at the next visit. After the bonding treatment, the result is a natural and healthy looking tooth.

Are you missing all your teeth and looking for a way to change your dentures to something permanent and aesthetic? Ask about ‘All-on-4 (Same-day teeth)’! The term refers to ‘all’ teeth being supported ‘on four’ dental implants.  As a result, just 4 implants can replace all teeth in your upper or lower jaw even in a day! 

Many people suffer from a complete lack of teeth because of treatment failure, fear of dental appointments or disease. Removable dentures are always an option, but let us introduce to you something that will make your life comfort much higher.

We recommend the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) to anyone who:

  • has lost an entire arch of teeth
  • doesn’t want to deal with having to adhere and re-adhere dentures every single day
  • wants to have a long term, secure solution to tooth loss

How does it work?

That’s right.  You can now replace an entire jaw of teeth with just 4 implants and the best technique to do so is the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth).

Before any decision will be made, the dentist/implantologist will thoroughly examine you and your x-rays, likely will refer you for a CT scan (3D images of your jaw or part of it).  Afterwards the decision regarding the treatment option will be made in consultation with the implantologist who will be performing the surgery.

Once the decision is made, the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) procedure is quick and easy: all 4 dental implants are inserted during the same appointment. The procedure itself is painless and safe for your general health, as it takes place under local anaesthetic.  Great news! For many people it is entirely possible to attach provisional, non removable teeth on the same day as implant placement. Within just a few hours you will be able to go home with your brand new smile.  The healing time, during which the implants are being incorporated into your jawbone, is usually around 3 months.  In this time we kindly request you to see us for reviews to monitor your progress.

After 3 months your permanent teeth are made to measure, and once ready, it is being screwed to the implants.

Here are the four implants

Why All-on-four?

The main advantage of the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) is the confidence it gives you, both comfort-wise and aesthetically.

You take care of your new teeth the same way you would of your original ones.  Adhesion is no longer a problem – your new teeth sit in your mouth 24/7, just as they should!

BPA-free fillings are tooth coloured but being eco-friendly, they are green. BPA stands for bisphenol A. BPA is a controversial industrial chemical that has been used to make certain plastics and resins for decades and has been found to have unhealthful side effects. Scientists have managed to find oral enzymes that leak BPA into the bloodstream from composite resin dental fillings. As a result, patients are more frequently asking for BPA-free fillings and, at Forest &Ray Dental, we are listening.  

For health reasons, many patients have been replacing their mercury-laden amalgam fillings with newer, more attractive white composite resins. Even dentists who profess to be holistic are taking out silver fillings and replacing them with white fillings that have BPA. But what purpose does this serve if the composite fillings contain BPA you might be prompted to ask? Studies done over the years showed that BPA can be found in the saliva a mere 10 minutes after placing the filling. At Forest& Ray dental clinic, in striving to be a green office, understands these concerns. We offer BPA-free fillings. Our goal at Forest& Ray is to reduce the impact on our health and natural environment while offering you the most effective, affordable dental care in a pleasant and comfortable environment.

BPA in our Environment

While patients are rightly concerned about BPA, they shouldn’t be overly concerned. After all, BPA is everywhere in our environment and besides, as previously mentioned, at F&R we use BPA-free fillings. Recent studies have shown trace elements of plastic particles even in some of the supposed high-priced bottled water that we buy at the store. There is even the chance that you can be contaminated by BPA from constantly reusing and refilling plastic bottles. That’s another reason why many of our health-conscious patients coming to Forest& Ray are opting for safer alternatives and are seeking not only metal-free alternatives but BPA free fillings as well.

Bpa-free filling - green
BPA-free filligns are available at Forest&Ray

BPA Free Alternatives

Tooth-coloured restorations that are Bisphenol-A-(BPA) free would automatically exclude almost all resin composite restoratives and their corresponding bonding agents. Therefore, in this case, the choices would be limited to glass ionomer restoratives (in case of Class 3 or 5 direct restorations) or indirect restorations made with porcelain products (inlays, onlays,  and crowns) and cemented with glass ionomer cements.
Material which is BPA-free can be a nano-hybrid composite. It provides exceptional strength and the low shrinkage unlike most composite materials containing BPA. Colour adaption, ease of polish and enduring shine are also hallmarks of the material.

For a green, eco-friendly dental experience—including BPA free fillings, choose Forest& Ray!


NHS also has dental service, but it is very debated. So much surveys point out, that many people cannot afford it even if it is a public service. This is why NHS service may not reach its purpose.

Problems and facts

According to the British Dental Association, 600.000 people visit GPs for dental care in a year instead of going to a dentist and it costs £26m for the NHS.
In addition one in five patients pass over dental treatment because of the costs. It is a very serious problem because if you do not visit the dentist on time, your teeth will permanently decay  and the problem will become more and more serious and difficult to handle.
This situation also affects children: around 46.400 children need to go to the hospital a year because of tooth decay. In the case of children, dental care is crucial because it establishes their oral health in their whole life. According to a survey, one in seven children have not visited a dentist ever under the age 8.

Financial issues

For NHS dental service, you have to pay contribution for your treatment. There are four types of cost, what you can pay for the care, from around £20 to £240. Many patients cannot afford this amount of money, and do not understand, why they should pay for a relatively ‘free’ treatment.

NHS Dentist

What can you do?

You can do several things to reduce tooth decay: 

  • wash your teeth twice a day, use mouthwash and dental floss
  • eat healthy foods
  • pay attention to all the changes in your mouth

If you have children:

  • teach your children the right tooth brushing technique
  • help them to reduce their sugar intake
  • examine their teeth regularly to notice tooth decay on time

There are pros and cons to brightening up at the dentist’s office or home teeth whitening. For great results fast – for weddings and other events, in-office whitening is ideal for these patients and it will only take one to two hours. Home teeth whitening may take two weeks of one to two hour daily applications. Some patients start with in-office and continue their teeth whitening at home, with the trays and gel. However, they both produce the same result- a beautiful, confident smile.

Comparing whitening methods

Regardless of your choice, the dentist needs to evaluate initial tooth colour, areas of enamel wear, and existing restorations to pick the correct form of whitening for each patient. It is definitely the fastest way to whiter teeth and, face it, everyone would like things as quick and as easy as possible. That’s why in- office treatment was created. No homework, no fuss, no muss is involved, just come in and get it done. While all treatments work, some work better and some last longer.
Many have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in office and take home products. The combination of both office and home whitening work well.

If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.   But, if you are looking for the whit-EST your own teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best. The professional, human element is key to whiter teeth safely. So, don’t be tempted to buy kits over-the-counter or on the Internet. Not only are they not made to fit your mouth exactly, it may be that bleaching isn’t suitable for you, especially if you have gum disease or crowns. There is absolutely no difference between the whitening gels sold online or from the dentist. So it is best to purchase whitening gel from an online teeth whitening retailer with a dentist’s guidance. Professional supervision, therefore, ensures effectiveness and safety.

When Considering Home Teeth Whitening

Whitening at home is big business, with a wide range of options for consumers to choose from. The most important thing to look for in at-home kits is that they fit the size and shape of your teeth. Example, whitening strips are straight across and your teeth are scalloped. Make sure the at-home bleaching kits cover your whole tooth otherwise you will have two-toned teeth or irritated gums. This is just another reason why whitening teeth at home is best done with a dentist’s oversight. Not to mention that the dentist is in the perfect place to examine your teeth for any existing problems- such as gum disease- before you begin your home teeth whitening. Typically, at home whitening systems get your teeth up to 2-6 shades whiter with nightly treatment. The in-office treatment may get your teeth about 8 shades whiter. So, going the over-the-counter (OTC) route may not give you the dramatic whitening results that you desire. Even if you’re planning on using OTC home teeth whitening kits, you should consult your dentist because only the dentist can provide pivotal insight about how effective whitening may be given your specific mouth. Also, if you’ve decided to go it alone, be careful. When using the over-the-counter bleaches, there is a chance your teeth may get over-bleached. Professional advice beforehand can prevent this from occurring.

Advice: when beginning your teeth whitening quest and trying to decide whether the dentist’s chair or at home is better–start with your dentist!

Looking for comprehensive, quality dental care in London at a reasonable cost? Look no further than the team of dental professionals at Forest& Ray.  The lynchpin of operation is our state of the art dental clinic which is centrally located in Bloomsbury Street in the heart of London. What makes it even more convenient are our hours of operation. We accommodate your busy lifestyle and schedule by staying open until late in the evening 7 days a week! We are also keen to be available should you need an emergency appointment.

Forest and Ray Team at Gilbert Place London

Benefits of Forest& Ray

There are many other reasons to choose Forest& Ray besides accessibility and convenience. One is that our Highly experienced dentists and support team are multi-lingual and boast decades of combined experience. We also speak your language!  The dental professionals, in addition to English of course,  we speak Hungarian, Greek, French, Italian, Polish, and Russian.

All Dental Procedures in One Place

We practice the full array of dental procedures in our sparkling facility. Whether your need is for full mouth rehabilitation, hygienics or general dentistry, you’ll choose wisely with Forest& Ray. We practice a full range of dentistry from oral surgery and dental implantology to cosmetic treatments and orthodontics– including full-mouth rehabilitation. We specialize in general dentistry, tooth replacement  – all in one place.

All procedures in one place
At Forest& Ray we believe no one should forego dental work because of the cost.

Choose to Finance

Speaking about money, at Forest& Ray we believe no one should forego dental work because of the cost. We are aware that some people put off needed dental care because of the initial money outlay. Not to worry. At Forest& Ray, we are here to help with comfortable financing options which let you spread out the payments over time.  Now, maybe for a few pence a day, you can have a beautiful mouth.  It could be the way to go if you are a UK resident for at least 3-years, 21 or over and have a permanent job.

 Our Financing Options:

  • Deposit free or low cost finance
  • Spread the cost of your dental treatment
  • Decision usually within 24-48 hours
  • 12 months interest free credit under £3000 loan
  • Easy to apply for
  • Start treatment within 2 weeks after contract

* There are some other stipulations, so check with us for more details about this attractive option

 What Are You Waiting For?

Perhaps you’ve been putting off the pathway to gorgeous teeth and that beautiful smile you’ve always wanted. Wait no more – you’ll find it all at Forest& Ray. Our professionals are waiting for you and do so at a price that will make you smile even more.

“If your teeth and gums are in excellent condition, you may want to consider an (at-home) whitening kit,” says Kellee Kattleman Stanton, DDS, a spokeswoman for the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry.

Teeth whitening home kit

As teeth whitening ‘s popularity grew with patients, manufacturers scrambled to respond to customer wants. The result is the whole range of at-home whitening products you see in stores today. When considering home teeth whitening kits, it makes good sense to have your dentist involved in the treatment rather than go it completely alone.  Custom-made trays (dental cups fitted to the contour of your teeth) must be manufactured in order to ensure the whitening solution is properly distributed. Without these, a lot of the solution could be wasted or put onto areas of the mouth that may be damaged. This is where the expertise of the dental professional is important and why the dentist should still be part of the teeth whitening process even if it is performed at home.
Whitening home kit
Results of whitening home kit

Steps to Obtaining and Using a Professional Teeth Whitening Home kit:

  • Impressions would first be taken from both your upper and lower teeth using non-toxic dental putty. These would be sent to a specialty lab to make the trays. This part of the process takes around one to two weeks from start to finish.
  • Plastic Bleaching Trays are made that fit over the user’s upper and lower teeth.
  • When the trays are ready, an appointment would be set to show you how to properly dispense and apply the solution and other instructions needed to obtain the optimal results.
  • To perform treatments, the user places whitening gel in the trays and then seats them over their teeth.
  • The trays are then worn for a prescribed period of time (often multiple hours per day, or else overnight), for a series of days or weeks, as the effects of the whitening process gradually take place.
  • After two weeks of treatment, a follow-up appointment would be made to track your results and see how they compare to your reference shade.
  • The additional whitening solution can be used for touch-ups if needed.
After whitening, Remove the tray and rinse your teeth and brush away any remaining gel. Continue to brush and floss and maintain routine dental cleaning habits.

In today’s world, having a bright and confident smile has become increasingly important. In-chair tooth whitening is one of the popular methods to achieve instantly and dramatically whiter teeth. It is sometimes called chairside bleaching, in-office or professional teeth whitening. It is a light-activated whitening session performed by a dentist or trained dental professional to lighten the colour of your teeth. 

Before Teeth Whitening In Office?

Before deciding which bleaching method is best for your needs, you should be aware that tooth whitening is sometimes universally effective. Suppose you have sensitive teeth, gum disease or teeth with worn enamel dental restorations like crowns and veneers. In that case, your dentist may discourage tooth whitening. Not all stains can be lightened by professional bleaching, and your dentist will evaluate your oral health to determine if the procedure is right for you.

Is Chairside Tooth Whitening Safe?

Both chairside and at-home teeth whitening are generally safe. However, chairside teeth whitening offers the advantage of being performed and supervised by a dental professional. Following the dentist’s instructions and recommendations is vital to minimise potential risks and ensure the best results. This procedure is generally more effective than at-home whitening options. It might change your natural tooth colour from five to seven shades brighter.

With at-home whitening, proper usage and following the manufacturer’s instructions are crucial to avoid gum irritation or tooth sensitivity. Alternative whitening treatments, such as over-the-counter whitening kits, may be less successful because they utilise less bleaching material. Furthermore, uncustomised trays might expose the gumline to the abrasive gel, resulting in adverse effects such as chemical burns after contact for an extended amount of time. However, at-home whitening kits can be more affordable and convenient for some individuals.

How Does In-Office Tooth Whitening Work?

Before the procedure, your dentist will perform a proper examination to diagnose the cause of discolouration and the aesthetic condition of your teeth. Once the diagnosis is determined, the dentist can advise whether you are a good candidate for the treatment and which whitening method may work effectively.

The treatment begins with professional teeth cleaning, removing any plaque or debris that could interfere with the whitening process. Next, a protective gel shield is applied to your gums to minimise irritation and protect them from the bleaching agent. A high-concentration bleaching agent, usually hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide, is carefully applied to the surface of your teeth. A special light activates the bleaching agent, accelerating the whitening process. This activation breaks down stains and discolouration on your teeth, allowing the whitening agent to produce more effective results. The treatment usually takes about 60-90 minutes, depending on the desired level of whitening.

Once the procedure is performed, the dentist will provide instructions for post-treatment care to maintain your newly whitened smile. They may recommend desensitising toothpaste if you experience temporary sensitivity after the procedure. Some patients may experience temporary tooth sensitivity or gum irritation after the procedure. These side effects are typically mild and diminish within a few days.

What to Expect After Teeth Whitening At the Dentist?

The results vary from person to person, depending on factors such as diet, oral hygiene, and genetics. On average, they can last from six months to two years. Ensuring good dental hygiene and avoiding staining foods and beverages may be beneficial to extend the results.. Here we suggest some practical guidelines to extend the results of your in-office whitening treatment.

  1. Practice good oral hygiene.

Consistent oral hygiene is crucial for maintaining the results of your teeth whitening. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, and remember to floss daily. Using an electric toothbrush may provide a more thorough cleaning, further preventing stains from redeveloping.

  1. Visit your dentist.

Regular dental examinations and cleanings are necessary for good oral health and a beautiful smile. Plaque and tartar buildup, which can contribute to staining and discoloration, can be cleaned by your dentist.

  1. Avoid staining foods and beverages.

Some foods and drinks can cause staining and discolouration, diminishing your whitening results. Reduce your intake of coffee, tea, red wine, and soft beverages. If you consume these beverages, consider using a straw to minimise contact with your teeth.

  1. Give up on tobacco consumption.

Tobacco products, both smoked and smokeless, can cause significant staining on your teeth. To maintain the results of your chairside teeth whitening, consider quitting or reducing your tobacco use.

  1. Use whitening toothpaste

Using a whitening toothpaste or at-home whitening products occasionally can help maintain the brightness of your smile. Consult your dentist for recommendations on suitable products.

  1. Consume a balanced diet.

A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products can support oral health and help maintain your whitened teeth. Calcium-rich foods, such as milk, cheese, and yoghurt, can strengthen enamel, further preventing stains.

Teeth darken with age, developing a yellow, brown, green, or grey hue (due to heredity and eating habits). The good news is that yellowed teeth tend to whiten most readily. Depending on your eating and drinking habits, additional chairside teeth whitening sessions should become a part of your regular dental hygiene regimen. But judging from the results, it’s worth it. In general, for most individuals, in-chair tooth whitening will produce dramatic results into a beautiful, confident smile. And, after all, isn’t that the goal of chairside teeth whitening?

If a tooth is so far decayed that the cusps are completely gone, but there is no real need to extract the tooth, or if a tooth is damaged and incomplete but otherwise healthy, then it is time to get a dental crown. Your tooth will be shaped and a dental crown will be placed on top of the tooth stub, restoring healthy chewing and biting functions for years to come. But the tooth underneath the crown can break, crack or become damaged. This threatens the stability of the dental crown, and is the cause of many potential dental problems, from tooth decay to damaging the gums, and you may even swallow your crown!

What causes cracked tooth syndrome?

Cracked tooth syndrome is caused by some kind of damage that has occurred to the tooth stub underneath the dental crown. This can be damage due to improper oral care, as then the tooth stub decays, as it is a tooth just like any other. Many patients neglect the teeth that have dental crowns, thinking that they are already done, and need no further support. They need to be cleaned and flossed, just like other teeth. If this does not happen, tooth decay will set in, and may jeopardise the stability of the dental crown.

How to prevent cracked tooth syndrome

In order to prevent the tooth stub under the crown form decaying, it is important to treat it like any other tooth. This might not be your first instinct, as it is an artificial tooth, and it is made of porcelain and does not hurt. But it needs care just like any other tooth, as it is a tooth, with all of the parts of the tooth on it. This means that you will need to brush it, floss it, and pretty much do everything to it that you normally would to a tooth. If you keep up a rigorous oral hygiene routine that includes the teeth with prosthetics like dental crowns on it, you should be able to avoid cracked tooth syndrome.

dental crown

Process of correction

If you have cracked tooth syndrome, you will need to go to a dentist immediately. The dentist will need to take the crown off, and will need to restore your tooth, before putting a new crown on. Since your tooth has changed, the original crown will no longer fit properly, even if it is in perfect condition, and a new one will have to be made. The tooth underneath will need to be root canaled, but if it broke close enough to the gum ling that restoring it is no longer an option, then an extraction will become necessary.


Dental crowns do not last forever, even if their lives are measured in decades and not in years. They can fail over time, from repeated use and from the pressures of chewing and biting, and they can crack or break due to improper use and being improperly kempt, and, very rarely, they can have some kind of defect that is inherent to them because they were poorly made or the materials had some kind of defect. This is why dental crowns usually come with a guarantee, as ones that have problems that are inherent in their manufacturing should not be paid for by the patient. But what should you do if your crown breaks? A broken crown can be dangerous, as it can be sharp or have jagged edges that can cut your tongue or cheek, or can damage the soft tissues in your mouth in other ways. Here is what you can do to help your situation.

Do NOT remove your dental crown!

The most important thing is not to start yanking at it and try to get the dental crown out, as this can damage your tooth stub or dental implant that the dental crown is housed on. If it is already off of the tooth mostly, and can be gently removed, then do so, but remember to keep the crown so that the dentist can have an easier time making a new one for you. If it does not come off easily, do not yank it at all, as this can damage your tooth or dental implant.

Get an emergency appointment

If the crown didn’t just pop off, but actually is just partially loose, or if it broke or cracked open, it is time to book an emergency appointment immediately. The problem must be seen by a professional and taken care of right away. If you don’t solve this problem, it can cut your soft tissues, or you may end up swallowing the crown, or bits of it, which is not healthy at all.

Use wax if necessary

If you can, cover the sharp bits of the crown (if it is broken and has sharp bits) with dental wax. This will create a soft layer on top of the edges, and this will make it more comfortable and easier to deal with, and will prevent problems.


A new study that was done on the link between confidence and self-consciousness suggests that the thing that people are least confident about is their weight, followed closely by their smile, and the condition of their teeth. The study was done for Invisalign by the Harris Poll institute, and was conducted in America, with over 2 000 individuals being surveyed. By asking questions relating to confidence and about appearance, the study has done a real service to cosmetic dentistry, and we wish to share some of the results with you.


  • According to this study, some 70% of those that were asked believed that making one change to their appearance would drastically improve their confidence and social standing.
  • Besides weight, teeth are the number two trait that most Americans feel self-conscious about, with some 57% saying that the condition of their teeth, and whether or not they are straight being incredibly important to confidence.
  • A whopping 63% of those asked said that confidence makes people appear happier, and 44% said they appear more attractive as well.
  • Of those participants who have had their teeth straightened, a staggering 92% said that having straight teeth was integral to their confidence.

Conclusions drawn from the Harris Poll

The conclusions that can be drawn from this study are pretty self-explanatory. Those who have already straightened their teeth almost overwhelmingly agree that it is a factor in boosting their confidence. But the study also tells us that people who are perceived as confident are perceived as being more successful, happier and more attractive. Straight teeth are definitely a priority for Americans, even if many of them do not have it. The study can be viewed here

Why choose Invisalign

Invisalign is an extremely helpful tool in boosting confidence, as it not only boosts confidence after the treatment is done, but can be worn nearly completely invisibly. This means that people who are suffering from a lack of confidence can really benefit from wearing this, as Invisalign does not further mar the appearance of the patient. Talk to your orthodontist if Invisalign is right for you, and gain back the confidence you have lost because of crooked teeth.

Although removable braces can only treat certain kinds of orthodontic problems, the ones they can treat, they treat much better, much quicker and with much less discomfort. The advantages of Invisalign over other removable braces are simply undeniable: it is more comfortable, more aesthetically pleasing and can even be more cost efficient. Here are a few advantages that these kinds of orthodontics have over other forms of removable appliances!


Although this can change from person to person, and there are many factors (like sensitivity, shape and size of the palate, etc.) that can affect how a brace feels, it is safe to say that most patients report Invisalign as the most comfortable solution, and that is certainly an advantage. The reported satisfaction level is extremely high and this is understandable: clear aligners like Invisalign use weak occlusal forces to gently guide the teeth into a new, better position, and this requires much less force, much less torque, which ultimately means much less pain and discomfort for the patient.


Clear aligners are the most aesthetic kind of orthodontic brace. This is because they are made of a special clear plastic that is completely transparent, allowing you to smile with confidence. It is much more aesthetically pleasing than any other orthodontic solution, and can be removed when necessary (please keep in mind that Invisalign braces must be worn for at least 22 hours a day to be effective).


Removable braces are a much more hygienic solution that fixed braces, because you can take them out when eating and clean them whenever they feel dirty. Clear aligners also have the advantage of not having any pointy or sharp bits, meaning they will not cause damage to the soft tissues and will not scratch the tooth enamel, allowing for a more hygienic orthodontic treatment with less infections, inflammations or painful accidents.
Please be aware that although Invisalign and other clear aligners have advantages over fixed braces, they can only provide a set amount of dental treatments, meaning that more complicated orthodontic treatments are simply not possible with Invisalign. Always ask your orthodontist if this kind of brace is right for you!

Speed up your life! New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!
You can read several suggestions for the New Year’s resolution below:

1. I am going to visit my dentist and start my treatment

It is very important to visit your dentist at least once a year, who checks your current condition and if necessary makes a treatment plan for you. In general, the panoramic X-ray is the part of the dental check-up which can diagnose wide variety of problems. For example, there may be a far more serious problem behind your tooth sensitivity. Fortunately, these problems are noticeable during the check-up and can be treated by the dentist.

2. I am going to start my orthodontic treatment

Did you know that you can start orthodontic treatment even in adulthood? Fortunately, you can also have a brace as an adult, and there are plenty of options available to you. You can choose a fixed metal brace, an aesthetic tooth-colored brace, or even an almost invisible and removable appliances.

3. I am going to visit the dental hygienist twice a year

Did you know that home dental care is not enough to keep your teeth clean? There are some parts of your teeth that can only be cleaned by a specialist. In these areas tartar can easily form and can cause bad breath or several diseases such as gingivitis. Therefore it is highly advisable to get rid of it by professional dental cleaning as soon as possible. You do not have to worry about this treatment at all, the hygienist uses a completely painless ultrasound device for it. After the scaling and polishing, it is harder for the tartar to stick on the surface again, and you feel your teeth clean and healthy after the treatment.

4. I am going to replace my missing teeth

If you have been planning to replace your missing teeth for a long time, New Year is a wonderful opportunity to get started! Whether it is one tooth or the whole denture, you should start it as soon as possible. Tooth loss is not just an aesthetic problem: the missing teeth make your healthy teeth decay faster or even fall out; in addition, you may also have problems with chewing, and not properly chewed food can lead to further serious problems.

Happy couple
New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!

Choose the dental treatment that suits your needs!

What do you want to change on your teeth this year?
I would like to have straight teeth with cost-effective solutions
I would like to have straight teeth with almost invisible orthodontic aligners
I wish they were cleaner and healthy
I would like to replace my missing teeth
Firstly, I want to know everything about the condition of my teeth


The Minamata convention effectively outlaws the mining, sale and production of mercury, and the support of industry that uses any levels of mercury. The aim of this convention was to completely eradicate mercury from industry, and to stop its use as an industrial chemical, with specific guidelines towards easing the participating countries off of the use of this deadly chemical. One of the industries affected by this is dentistry, as that staple of old time dentistry, amalgam fillings, which is still a very important part of conservative dentistry in most poorer countries, is made of mercury, among other metals. This means that amalgam fillings will be banned.

Negative health effects of amalgam fillings

Amalgam negatively affects the central nervous system, causing all kinds of neurological decay and cognitive dysfunctions. Miners who are exposed to high level of mercury suffer from an itching or burning sensation under the skin, also from the skin coming off of the body (desquamation), and a loss of hair, teeth and skin. Hypertension and an irregular heart beat are also common, as is muscle weakness and various kinds of rashes. It is easy to see just form these symptoms why this material is now banned. Aside from protecting miners and people who live near mercury mines that contaminate drinking water, people who have amalgam fillings are also at risk, as amalgam fillings tend to leak mercury into the host body, where it stays for a long time.

Sad woman
Amalgam filling has several negative effects

Amalgam fillings leach mercury

Aside from other heavy metals that are also released into the mouth and absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth, mercury leaches from amalgam fillings over time. Although this leaching isn’t too bad, the problem with mercury is that it is not dissolved by the body, but slowly builds up over time, causing ever worsening and worsening symptoms. The material is also extremely difficult to remove, although it can be treated with various kinds of antidotes.
It is clear that aside form a general environmental and worker protection issue, there is a clear public health issue with mercury as well. Although most Western countries have signed on to the Minamata convention (that came about in Japan to compensate the victims of mercury overdose as an effort to ban the world wide use of mercury), many still have not, and most third world countries still haven’t.


Tooth pain while you dine at Christmas, broken tooth due to mum’s famous gingerbread biscuits, fallen out fillings or infected, inflamed gums… we are all afraid of these to happen while we have our well deserved Christmas break. The good news is that most of these problems could be prevented if we turn to our dentist on time. Read our article to see when to proceed with which treatment or what to do if tooth pain knocked on your door at Christmas eve.

What are the recommended dental treatments at the beginning of December?

If during the year we missed our dental appointments we can still catch up on them at the beginning of December. It’s worth to visit the dentist 1 month before Christmas for a check up so we can avoid the busy dental clinics and get done any necessary treatments if needed.

Treatments that are best to be dealt with before the festive season:

  • half-year checkup: it is very important to go to a dental check-up every 6 months for peace of mind and your teeth will be pleased to be in a good shape, ready for the festive treats
  • smaller fillings and change of old fillings: it is worth getting the old fillings checked by the dentist therefore there is no need to worry about them falling out or breaking during the Christmas gatherings
  • getting ready for your implants: it is advised to start the first steps of your treatment well before Christmas such as tooth extraction as the wounds would heal by the holidays and you would be ready to continue your treatment in January with placing the implants in. Find out, what is the best implant solution for you!
Christmas tree
Christmas tree

What are the treatments which could be done right before Christmas?

Wouldn’t it be great to welcome your guests at Christmas with a bright smile which would sparkle even more than the Christmas lights? Treatments which doest require healing time could be easily planned in right before the holidays. We could visit the dental hygienist to get our teeth professionally cleaned and even get a teeth whitening treatment which could be done at home with a whitening kit advised by your dentist or you could get it done right at the dental clinic.

What are the dental treatments which need to wait after the holidays?

There are treatments that take a lot longer to finish and we need to calculate with healing time after each dental visit therefore it is no point to mess up your relaxing festive mood with pain and discomfort.

These treatments are:

  • root canal treatment: you will have to visit your dentist more than once to get the treatment done and could involve temporary fillings and antibiotic treatments also
  • tooth extraction: the healing time could be quite long and you may need stitches and removal of those which could cause pain and discomfort easily
  • dental implant: the surgical treatments are timely and involve several visits to the dentists
  • crowns and bridges: your dentist may use temporary crowns or bridge during the treatment which are a lot more likely to break than the final ones. Find out, what is the best implant solution for you!

You would be hard pressed to find a dental clinic that would give you amalgam fillings, as the production and use of mercury has been outlawed by the Minamata convention. Newer fillings are going to be composite resin fillings that are made of several different kinds of synthetic materials, including Bis-GMA, glass ionomer and other monomers that form an artificial resin. This synthetic material is photosensitive and hardens when a light is shined on it, filling in the recess or cavity it is placed in perfectly.

Amalgam fillings

But what of fillings that are already in the mouth done years ago? Amalgam fillings are usually replaced for a number of reasons, the primary one being aesthetic. The black spots make it very easy to identify amalgam fillings and they are visible even from a distance, as they are such a different colour than living teeth. The other reason is because amalgam leaches heavy metals into the bloodstream if left in for long enough. As all materials, amalgam also degrades over time, meaning it starts to fall apart. Amalgam fillings are an amalgamation of tin, silver, mercury and a whole bunch of other materials, almost all of them harmful to the human body. Mercury in particular is very bad for your central nervous system. If you needed another reason, they also make inferior filling materials to composite resin for one reason alone: they shrink over time. This means that the cavity will be exposed, and infections and further tooth decay often start from around old amalgam fillings. Composite fillings, on the other hand, are primarily adhesives, and will stick jot the inside of the teeth, and will not shrink over time, as they do not dehydrate and do not interact with water at all.

Amalgam fillings

Replacing fillings

When you go to the dentist and tell them you want your amalgam fillings replaced, they will more than likely comply with you and suggest getting composite resin fillings. Getting the amalgam removed is a good idea, because it will tax your system less, and the tooth will be safer, as further decay is unlikely, and it will be more aesthetically pleasing. The procedure does not take significantly longer than getting a tooth filling, and shuls be over in half an hour to 45 minutes or so.


If you need a filling, you will be confronted with the possibility of getting amalgam fillings, or white fillings. Most places in England do not carry amalgam fillings anymore, and it is no surprise: they contain mercury, which is very bad for the environment and cannot be mined in a safe manner. But does that fact make white fillings, or tooth coloured fillings as they are sometimes called necessarily better? There are a number of things to look at in a tooth filling to determine how good it is, and we shall take a look at them below.

What to look for in a filling

Tooth fillings of any kind should be able to do three things: stop bacterial infections from spreading, seal up affected bits of tooth material, and last a long time. If we take these three things into account, there isn’t that much difference between the fillings themselves. Sure amalgam fillings last a lot longer than tooth coloured white fillings, but they have the chance of not filling up the cavity entirely and having an infection on the sides of the tooth fillings, which will require new fillings. Sure amalgam is more antibacterial, but white fillings seal up the hole perfectly. So really, while one filling may be stronger in some respects than the other, there is very little difference. Here is a breakdown:

Durability: Amalgam fillings

Antibacterial strength: Same

Sealing: Tooth coloured fillings

The Crucial Difference

The crucial difference that makes white fillings undoubtedly better than amalgam fillings lies in the chemical makeup of the fillings themselves. Amalgam fillings leach mercury into your system and they also have trace amounts of lead and other harmful heavy metals. They conduct electricity and can be harmful to your central nervous system. Besides that, mining mercury is extremely bad for workers and the environment, and can as it is a liquid, it can leach into aquifers and contaminate soil for centuries. This crucial difference makes amalgam less desirable. To combat the environmental exploitation associated with the mercury industry, the Minamata convention was signed, and the UK is a part of it.

The tumor is a kind of cell proliferation that damages tissues around it and it may also have fatal consequences. It is important to note that 90% of oral cancer can be cured if we recognize it on time.

Come to us for a FREE* dental check-up and oral cancer screening!

Who is affected

Oral cancer could affect anyone but people over the age of 50 are the most affected and men are twice as likely to have this illness.

The following could increase the chance of the illness:

  • smoking
  • chewing or smokeless tobacco
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • HPV disease
  • unhealthy diet

Come to us for a FREE* dental check-up and oral cancer screening!

Symptoms of Mouth Cancer

  • red or white patches
  • long-lasting ulcers or unusual lumps or swellings in the mouth, lips, head and neck
  • chewing difficulties
  • pain, sensitivity, torpidity in the affected area
  • bleeding in the mouth
Mouth Cancer Check
Check for changes!

Prevention of Mouth Cancer

Changing your lifestyle could highly reduce the chance of oral cancer. Pay attention to the right nutrition, eat plenty of vitamins and fiber-rich foods. It is a good idea to reduce your alcohol consumption and try to stop smoking.
Additionally, it is very important to do self-examination if you notice anything unusual at the mouth area, visit your doctor!
If you visit the dentist every six months and attend an oral cancer screening, the dentist can discover the symptoms and find the source of the problem.


  • surgical removal of the tumor
  • radiotherapy
  • chemotherapy


Oral surgery is a facet of medicine that is used when the problems in the mouth can only be resolved using surgical techniques. Some procedures may involve surgical extractions, in which the tooth is rather difficult to extract (like wisdom teeth, for instance), curettage, removal of irregular growths form the mouth, but curing severe cases of periodontitis is also a surgical procedure. In general, only very advanced cases and very difficult cases require oral surgery. Below, you may find some of the cases in which oral surgery may need to be used to rectify a situation.

When to expect a surgical extraction

Surgical extractions are usually reserved for wisdom teeth, and teeth that are somehow difficult to get to. Sometimes, an x-ray may show that a tooth has irregular tooth roots, or the tooth roots are tangled or very close to the dental nerve. In these cases, some cutting may become necessary.


Sometimes irregular growths can appear in the mouth, like tumours, necrotic soft tissues like gums or the walls of the alveolus, or any excess soft tissues that may grow. Usually, curettage is reserved for parts of the soft tissue that have died as a result of periodontitis or gingivitis. It consists of a scraping away of necrotic tissue with a curette. Curettage can occur on the visible part of the gum, or even in the deeper connective tissues, too, and many times the alveolus (a pocket of soft tissues and sinews that keep teeth in place) may need to be separated from the crest of bone that runs beneath the teeth.

Have beautiful smile with no age limit!

Dental implants

The most common oral surgical procedure is getting a dental implant. This is an artificial tooth root that is drilled into the jawbone in the place of an already missing tooth. A dental crown goes atop the artificial tooth root, and thus the dental implants I the only way to completely replace every part and aspect of a missing tooth

How to prepare for oral surgery

The success of an oral surgical procedure depends as much on the dentist as it does on the patient. Patients must keep pretty strict after care rules, and must follow instructions precisely, or the risk of infection will linger. As oral surgery will leave you with open wounds in the mouth, the risks of infection are fairly high. The aftercare instructions will include allowing the surgical site to heal for a given time (usually a number of days), and avoiding certain foods like dairy products.


In places that traditionally have had to go without dentistry or dental treatment, you can see all sorts of superstitions pop up. Whether it is the use of a plant or prayer, or a concoction or a patron saint, every culture has some kind of way to try and alleviate the incredible pain that is associated with toothaches. In the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu, there is a rather strange tree that is used in a last ditch effort to try and get through the pain of untreated tooth decay.

Vaisha Dev

The many, many different kinds of Hindu gods that are responsible for minor things (like the flow of a particular river, the fleece of sheep, or even toothaches) are called Devi. These Devi control minor aspects of life, and have interactions with humans, and can thus be prayed to and in other ways summoned and begged for help. Vaisha Dev is the spirit or God responsible for toothaches. The incarnation of this god is a tree stump. This stump is said to have been cut form a legendary tree known as Bangemudha. This sacred tree is said to have all sorts of magical and healing properties, and is not that different from the relics of the True Cross that spread throughout Medieval Europe. According to local superstition, nailing a coin to the tree stump will be received as an offering by Vaisha Dev, who will then relieve the faithful of their toothache. The stump is covered in coins many times over, and does not look like a stump at all, being entirely subsumed by tin coins.

Clever dentists

A dental hub has been built right around Vaisha Dev, with any dentist worth their salt in Kathmandu opening their offices in the intersection that the tree is located in. Not only dentists, but orthodontists also have set up shop in the area, just in case the prayers do not work, and you are willing to spend money on getting rid of that sore tooth.

Amalgam fillings are super reliable, last forever, and are tried and true in the sense that they have been used in dentistry for a century or so. So why is every dentist trying to tell you to replace your amalgam fillings with something that needs to be replaced from time to time? Is it just a ploy to grab more money off of patients by providing a subpar but acceptable service, or is there something about amalgam fillings that makes them unacceptable to today’s dentists? Sadly, the answer is in the latter.

The problem with amalgam fillings

The problem with amalgam fillings is a twofold story: they are bad for the environment and for your health. Both of these problems have to do with the fact that amalgam fillings contain high levels of mercury. Mining mercury is extremely problematic, as the only liquid metal on the periodic table is highly toxic, and contaminates ground waters and aquifers, as well as the soil it drips into, and processing it also has run offs and by products that kill anything they touch. This is why the Minamata convention was formed, to stop developed nations from using mercury, and to ban the mining and trade of mercury globally, as it is so problematic. Almost all  countries in the world have signed, with the notable exception of the United States.
The other main problem with mercury is that it is toxic, and although it exists as an amalgamation with tin, silver and other stabilising elements in amalgam fillings, there still might be an amount of leaching.

Amalgam vs. White filling


There are many alternatives to amalgam fillings, but each has a problem with it that makes its spread outside of the Western world very unlikely. The go to replacement is white fillings, or composite resin. This is an artificial resin that is the same colour as teeth, and that has considerably less negative health effects, but it also leaches BPA, although this is much less harmful than mercury. The problem is that it is less durable and needs to be replaced every 4-5 years or so, depending on the position of the filling and its size.
Another alternative is glass ionomer fillings, which are polymerised glass ions melted to a filling. These fillings are great because glass ions do not react with anything at all, and so there is zero leaching. While still in a liquid state they can fill any crack perfectly, and so are very flexible in their applications. The problem? Glass ionomer fillings cost way too much for most places to be able to afford them, and as such they may become popular in private clinics in the West, but even for public dental clinics in said countries, this is just not an option. Whether the material will become cheaper with mass production is also a question, or if it can be mass produced at all.
Until the issues of economic disparity are resolved, it is safe to say that most of the world will continue to rely on amalgam fillings, even if it gives them cancer, for a lack of real alternatives, and no amount of treaties and posturing by wealthy nations is going to change that. But if you are a member of a wealthy nation, than you have alternatives available for you, and we recommend getting your amalgam fillings changed as soon as possible, particularly if they are old, as they are a tax on your health and immune system.


Dentists are very weary of removing or altering healthy tooth material. This is why it can be quite a shock and a surprise to find out that there are certain dental procedures that require the teeth to be shaped or changed in some relatively minor matter. All of these procedures have very good reasons why the teeth need to be altered, even if they are healthy, and we will be going over some of them in this article. So if you got a treatment plan that requires some healthy teeth to be altered, do not panic! Here are the reasons why.

Reshaping teeth for dental crowns

If you are getting a dental crown, you may be shocked to find out that once the unhealthy bits are removed, even more, healthy tooth material will also be lost. This is because the tooth stumped needs to be shaped with an aesthetic shoulder, which means some healthy tooth material will be removed so that the crown can go on better and not fall off. But that is not the most surprising thing. Most crown work will require the teeth next to the tooth getting crowned to also have a bit removed from them. This is because many times dental crowns are anchored to the adjacent teeth with little caps that go on the teeth next to the one being crowned. This procedure will require the loss of some healthy tooth material.

At the dentist
Be confident!

Shaping teeth for veneers

Although not a medically necessary dental procedure, veneers also require your teeth to be shaped. Dental veneers work on the basis that you have a thin porcelain layer that looks like the smile you want adhered to the teeth you have. This requires the tooth surfaces to be changed so that the veneers can go on easily, and it also requires the teeth to be shaped so that they do not hang outside of the veneers that are placed on. It is important to know that because of this fact, dental veneers are forever and once you get them, you will need to keep getting them.


2017 is very special year for us as we have been offering high quality dental care in London for 10 years! We achieved this with lot of humble and hard work.​

Forest and Ray 10 years anniversary

The beginning

The owners of the company started their dental business with patient coordinating in 2007. They coordinated patients from London to Budapest, they kept in touch with them, transported them in Budapest, besides this they did the marketing, finance and administration part of the company, too. That is why it is not surprising, that the name of the company stems from their surnames.
After that they improved their company, at first they offered consultations and treatments in hired clinics, then they opened a separate clinic. The owners of the company has been focusing to the widespread knowledge when choosing the doctors since the beginning. Besides this, it is important too, that our dentists have different nationalities. In this way, we can offer dentists from so many nationalities, which always calms the patients.

Forest&Ray in these days

Today our company is open for patients 7 days a week, at its own modern clinic in the centre of London, near the British Museum. The knowledge of our doctors is very widespread, we deal with general dentistry, orthodontics and even oral surgery, too. Besides this, our dentists speak several languages: Hungarian, English, Italian, Polish, Greek, Russian, etc.. Although, they speak several languages, their mission is the same: to offer high quality dental care besides the maximum possible comfort and confidence.

After 10 years, we are still at service with undiminished enthusiasm and more and more experience. Get to know more about our services and then visit us!

Birthday surprise

On the occasion of our 10th anniversary, we reward the patients attending on the 10am appointment! Our 10 am patient has already had his present!

Check out our birthday offer, too!


Open Day

We had a very succesful Open Day on the 14th  of October, so we decided to organize it again on the 28th of October. In our surgery there are many surprises waiting for you on this day: with gifts, free consultation with the Treatment Coordinator. Visit our clinic, and celebrate with us!

The following montage is a summary of our first Open Day:

Open Day

Restorative dentistry is exactly what it sounds like: the branch of dentistry that is meant to rehabilitate the teeth to a state in which they can fulfil their aesthetic and functional purpose, and to make sure that the surrounding supporting structures are healthy as well. Aside from the building of dental prosthetics, restorative dentistry also covers the most popular treatments that people tend to get, like dental fillings and root canal treatments as well. Below will be a quick rundown of the different kinds of restorative dental procedures, with short descriptions given as well.

Dental fillings

The most common dental procedure that patients get is by far the dental filling. A dental filling is a restorative dental procedure, and involves taking a decayed tooth, removing the decayed bits, and sealing the tooth up with a composite resin, otherwise known as a tooth coloured filling. Tooth coloured dental fillings are the perfect restoration for minor problems and damage to the teeth. They can help with both aesthetic and functional restoration, and are non-toxic as well.

Root canal treatments

We tend to think of teeth as solid, singular entities, but in reality they are composed of many layers and are hollow, with a pulp chamber in the middle that is hollow. This pulp chamber can become infected, if bacteria that cause tooth decay breach the tooth enamel, the cementum and find their way into it. When this happens, a filling is inadequate and ineffective at fighting off the infection, and a multi-appointment treatment called a root canal treatment needs to begin. At the first appointment the infected bits will be removed, the tooth will be opened and the roots will be enlarged. Then, a medicated root filling will be placed that will kill off the bacterial infection. This will be repeated until all of the infection is gone and they can fill the tooth up and seal it. This procedure kills the tooth (disconnects it from the nerves and blood supply) but keeps it in the mouth and functional for decades, given proper oral hygiene.

Crowns and bridges

If a tooth is too far gone, and the tooth is left unable to fulfil its function of biting, chewing and speech, then it needs to be restored with an inlay or onlay or a dental crown. A dental crown is a replica of the tooth or its cusps made of porcelain with either a metal or a porcelain (or zirconium) internal structure. Inlays and onlays are basically just pieces of dental crowns that work the same way, but are meant to replace just a missing chunk of tooth.


When going to a private dentist in the London Boroughs, there are several things to look for to make sure that you are getting the best possible treatment for your money’s worth. In this article, we hope to provide a quick once over of all of these aspects, and give you an idea of what to look for in a private dentist in London. Here we go!

GDC Certification

The GDC or General Dental Council is the governing body of dentists and dental professionals in the UK, and every single person who practices dentistry in any way, shape or form, has to be certified by the GDC in order to be legally working in the UK. This certification is an absolute must, and if they cannot provide you with it, than chances are you are facing a quack.

Chairside manner

Since you are paying for the service you are planning to embark on, you now have more options open to you then by going with the NHS. This means you can choose a dentist who has a pleasant chairside manner, and who you feel comfortable talking to. This is very important for the success of your treatment, and also for scheduling future treatments and making sure that a good doctor-patient relationship is achieved, as this will make any further problems much easier to deal with. Going back to the same dentist, who already has an idea of what the conditions in your mouth are, is a very good idea, and is the ideal state of things, and a good chairside manner is indispensable in achieving this goal.

You do not have to worry about the dentist anymore!

The clinic itself

The dental clinic you are going to should be very well equipped, and should be clean, comfortable, and welcoming. You should be able to get a panoramic x-ray near your home in the clinic itself, and it also helps if the dental clinic has its own dental laboratory. This will save you time and money on dental crowns and bridge work, and even dentures if they should become necessary. The dental clinic should be equipped to be able to handle a wide array of dental treatments.

Dental tourism

In order to save money further, it is important that the dental clinic you are visiting have some kind of connection to dental tourism, or should have a dental tourism option. This can make dental treatment a lot easier and cheaper as well.

Patients expect the price on a treatment plan to be the absolute final price for their treatment, which makes perfect sense from their point of view. After all, when I get a bill for an amount, I expect to be paying that amount and not anything less or more. So when going to a private dentist, and paying for a service, should you not expect this same kind of pricing? What are all of these “hidden fees” anyway?

Please consider the following scenario: when asking for the price of an extraction, the dentist gives you a price. Upon consultation, they notice that the tooth next to the one you want to get extracted also needs work done, or it may not survive the extraction itself. You also did not think about replacing the tooth you extracted, because you are not a medical professional, but extraction will cause the loss of the adjacent teeth as well. So to keep your teeth in your mouth, which is the job of the dentist, your bill just went up significantly. This is why “hidden fees” exist, because medical science is not an exact science, and each case, and each mouth, is different, and many times these differences only make themselves apparent once the procedure is already underway.

Saving money

What can affect price

  • Time: The longer you have been away from a dentist, the more you are going to pay when you see one.
  • Gum health: The condition of your teeth and your periodontium is the single most significant factor when determining price. Certain procedures require a strong periodontium, and this means you may have to take antibiotics, or get some kind of hygiene session to clean out your gums and soft tissues before being able to embark upon the treatment you need.
  • Bone health: For dental implants and certain oral surgeries, it is necessary for your jaw to have proper bone density and to be in good health. If your alveolus is deteriorated or you have frail bones, you may need a bone graft, which will drive prices up.
  • Deterioration: Certain conditions like diabetes and osteoporosis may make your oral health deteriorate much faster than expected. In these cases, your treatment plan may need to be updated even from your last session, and you may need more work done the next time you come around.

All of the issues should become apparent at a consultation session, after a panoramic dental x-ray. It may still be the case that certain things are not, and they come up during the procedure you have chosen for yourself, but you should be well aware of it ahead of time.

Many patients are not sure what the difference between NHS and private dentistry even is, and why one of them can be better or worse for your particular medical condition than the other. Besides knowing that NHS is paid for by taxpayers, while a private dentistry requires you to pay for their services, there are several other factors that can be taken into account when deciding what kind of dental treatment to get. The two main factors to look into when deciding to go private or not is whether the treatment is available at the NHS, and the other is time.

Range of treatment

Although NHS dentistries are always very enticing, because as a taxpayer you have already paid for the service you are planning to undergo, you may still need to go private. This is because the range of treatment at an NHS dentistry is not at all complete, and only covers procedures that are seen as life changing or that are absolutely necessary, and nothing else. This means no cosmetic procedures, but you can get a hygiene session, no stain removals and nothing that is seen as frivolous. This s not because the government is cheap; it is because the any taxpayer who comes in has to get their teeth done, which means that there are some limitations. Often times more complex procedures will have to be done in private, or at least partially in private.

Nice teeth after treatment

Time is a factor

To get more complex procedure done, the wait may be unreasonable, especially if you live in a larger city. Time is most definitely a factor in dentistry, and this is why so many people are turning to private dental treatment to get their teeth done. If you simply cannot wait, or are in pain, you may need an emergency appointment, and this may cause you to seek private dental care. If you do not want to wait for months to get a dental crown, a bridge or dental implants, it is also worth taking private dentists into account, as they may be able to save you a lot of time.

Have you been told before that dental implants are not a solution for you because of a lack of bone..? We may be able to help!

Nobel Biocare

This Swiss company founded in 2002, actually takes its beginnings from a 1978 partnership between Swedish Professor Branemark and Bofors, a Swedish company that used the Professor’s discovery of the fact that titanium fuses with bone (a process called osseo-integration). As the oldest and most tested brand in the world, Forest&Ray pride ourselves in being able to offer our Patients such premium solutions.

Nobel Parallel CC dental implants

What we call a dental implant is actually made of three parts. The dental part that looks like a screw and substitutes the root of the former tooth (made out of titanium); a dental crown that may be made out of porcelain fused to metal or zirconium (metal free), and; a connector between those two parts which is called an abutment and is the core of the final crown (made out of titanium or zirconium).

In 2015 Nobel introduced their new product Parallel CC which has parallel walls, but a conical internal structure which makes the implant more versatile. Not only, as with any other dental implant, can it be used in all sort of restorations (from single tooth to whole mouth bridges); but also it can be used in Patients with severe bone loss and so called All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) restorations with limited amount of pre-implantation surgeries necessary.

Nobel Parallel CC dental implants


The benefits of Nobel Parallel CC dental implants

  • Implantation is possible even with low density (low quality) bone,
  • Shorter healing time and better stability due to the modified surface of the implant that is designed to boost bone growth and osseointegration,
  • Restorations from a single tooth to a whole mouth,
  • Possibility of placing a full arch of teeth on only 4 implants: All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) (4 implants and entire upper OR lower mouth of teeth from 1st molar on the right to 1st molar on the left),
  • Wide range of sizes and angulations makes this implant system almost made to measure,
  • The conical shape makes it prone to micromovements that could cause periimplantitis (inflammation around the dental implant that may cause loss of it),

It must be noted, that not all teeth can be replaced with Nobel Parallel CC dental implants. As with any other major dental treatment, it is crucial to consult a dental specialist in order to choose the best solution for you.

Check out the special offer

tooth replacement offer

Most people in the UK are dependent on the NHS for healthcare and for dental care. The problem is that dental care is very time sensitive, as the condition can deteriorate so fast, and it is painful, so people need care immediately, but the NHS queue is often months long, and many procedures that are absolutely necessary are not even covered once you get an appointment. This and many other factors make the NHS sometimes less than appealing, especially for people living in bigger cities, but the cost of private dental care in the UK is a deterrent for most of the population. There is a solution though: why not try getting private dental treatment abroad?