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London has an abundant history of street art and graffiti. You’ll discover incredible pieces in a few of London’s many iconic spots, from the Banksy-covered walls of Bristol market to the beautiful flower styles of heaven Door Collective around London. But you’ll also discover examples of street art and graffiti that are no longer with us. Take, for instance, this mystical tunnel loaded with graffiti artwork that was found in London a long time earlier. It lies at Leake St, London SE1 7NN.

Where is the graffiti tunnel?
If you’re looking for examples of graffiti in London, an excellent location to start is near Holloway Road. The tunnel you’re about to check out is located in the North London area, near Holloway Road at Bounds Green train station. It’s available from the tracks above, so it’s easy to miss out on if you do not know where to look. This tunnel is located inside the London Underground railway. You can access it by climbing up through the old ventilation shaft that utilized to be used by the train. It was only available due to the fact that the hole in the ceiling of the tunnel. It’s a bit weird to stroll through without any lights and a little bit of a climb.

Who discovered the graffiti tunnel?
After years of wandering around London, author and photographer Kerstin Holzinger encountered the graffiti tunnel. She took a photo of it, and it was later on released in a book of metropolitan exploration photos called Urban Expedition. Urban exploration (or urbex, for brief) is the art of exploring cities and checking out abandoned locations. In her book, Holzinger blogs about her experience of discovering the graffiti tunnel, saying, “I was drawn to the graffiti-covered ventilation shaft near the Holloway Road train station. The tunnel entryway was barely obvious.”

Why did no one understand about the graffiti tunnel?
Because the graffiti tunnel was found, it’s been recorded and included in books along with online short articles. However, many people have actually become aware of the graffiti tunnel for the very first time when they read this short article. The fascinating thing is that the graffiti tunnel is entirely available while you remain in it, and it’s not nearly as scary as it may sound. It’s not like the London train, where you’re going to get caught in the dark, either, due to the fact that the graffiti tunnel is precisely that: a tunnel. But another thing to think about is the truth that graffiti is illegal in lots of nations, which is why Londoners enjoy adding to the city’s street art, but also why we do not see it in other parts of the world.

What happened to the graffiti tunnel?
A long time after Holzinger discovered the graffiti tunnel, she says that “the whole area appeared to have been cleaned up.” Given that the graffiti tunnel was available, it’s most likely that someone had the idea to paint over the graffiti art work inside the tunnel. No longer accessible and now covered with paint, it was difficult to find again. Click here for more interesting facts here.

The graffiti art work in the graffiti tunnel
Like we stated, the graffiti tunnel has plenty of graffiti artwork. However we do not want to spoil the surprise by telling you what it is. Rather, why not click through and see the graffiti tunnel for yourself? The graffiti tunnel has plenty of fantastic artwork that deserves exploring. Take, for instance, the lovely pieces of graffiti including the blue door. The graffiti in the graffiti tunnel also consists of names and expressions, like “Let’s Go,” “I Love London,” and “Hello.”. Check it out here what we have to offer.

If you’re looking for examples of graffiti in London, an excellent location to start is near Holloway Roadway. The tunnel you will read about lies in the North London location, near the Holloway Roadway at Bounds Green train station. It’s accessible from the tracks above, so it’s easy to miss if you do not understand where to look. The graffiti tunnel is full of amazing art work that’s worth checking out. Take, for example, the gorgeous pieces of graffiti including the blue door cumulative’s signature blue door. The graffiti in the graffiti tunnel also includes names and phrases, like “Let’s Go,” “I Love London,” and “Hi.”.

Madame Tussauds is a museum with wax displays of famous people, figures, and famous artworks. The museum is located at Marylebone Rd, London NW1 5LR, and has 9 different branches around the city. It’s a popular travel attraction for lots of people from all over the world. I myself had read about Madame Tussauds before, concerning London, and understood that it ‘d be something I wanted to see. The experience itself was wonderful! You are provided a map of the museum with all its wax shows marked on it. As soon as you’re inside the museum, there are a couple of different things you can do. You can browse various wax display screens (of which there are numerous in each branch), get in some of the smaller rooms where you can enjoy movies or listen to music, or take part in activities such as solving puzzles or taking selfies with wax celebs. If you’re preparing to visit Madame Tussauds in London, make certain you read our comprehensive guide HERE so that you don’t lose out on anything!

What to Expect When You Visit Madame Tussauds in London
The entrance to Madame Tussauds in London lies in Covent Garden. There are several signs on the entrance that help visitors begin with their visit. The very first of these signs is a map of the museum with all of the wax displays significant. This map is really valuable because it reveals visitors where all the wax displays lie. When you get in Madame Tussauds, there is a small charge to visit. There’s also a small charge to take pictures inside the museum. This is an extra fee that is generally not consist of with a basic admission ticket. All of the screens inside the museum are wax, so they’re vulnerable and should be managed with care. There are tables outside the museum where visitors can put their bags while they’re inside, though it’s best to put your bag inside the bag so that it’s not stopped by mistake.

The Wax Exhibit Surfing Area
The wax display browsing area is the first location you get to when visiting Madame Tussauds in London. It’s not the biggest location inside Madame Tussauds, but there are a number of different wax screens here, consisting of among the most popular wax exhibits: the waxworks of the royal family. The royal family waxwork inside Madame Tussauds is incredible. It’s not always the most lifelike royal waxwork, however it is the most famous royal waxwork, which is pretty incredible in itself. The royal household waxwork is also among many famous people displayed throughout Madame Tussauds, consisting of many popular actors, musicians, authors, and artists, consisting of among my preferred wax figures, the Madame Tussauds waxwork of Charles Darwin. There are also a number of other wax displays throughout Madame Tussauds to explore, such as wax reproductions of well-known paintings, sculptures, and buildings. There’s likewise a section committed to artists and their process, including the complete process of developing Madame Tussauds’ waxworks.

How to drive to our location:

Among the Activities at Madame Tussauds in London.
There are many different activities at Madame Tussauds that you can participate in, such as solving puzzles or taking selfies with wax celebs. The activities aren’t totally free, but, in my opinion, they deserve the same rate. The puzzles are fairly easy, and if you do them quickly enough, you can make it through many of them. There are around 30 puzzles inside Madame Tussauds, so you’ll absolutely have the ability to finish a couple of them in a short amount of time. The puzzles inside Madame Tussauds are relatively fascinating. A lot of them are trivia quizzes about famous people or famous masterpieces. There are likewise a few basic questions, like “What is James Bond’s preferred beverage?” The selfies are likewise worth the rate. Madame Tussauds has a number of celebs that you can take selfies with, consisting of a few of the royals, the Beckham household, and some popular musicians. I ‘d recommend taking selfies with the royals, as they are absolutely something special.

Final Ideas
Madame Tussauds is a must-see traveler’s destination in London. There are various wax shows inside the museum, consisting of many well-known masterpieces. You can likewise participate in several activities, including solving puzzles, taking selfies with stars, and solving riddles. The entrance to the museum is expensive, however it’s well worth the price. The museum is open daily, and the wax exhibitions are normally continued display for approximately 3 years. If you’re preparing to check out London, ensure to go to Madame Tussauds! It’s one of the best experiences you’ll have while checking out the city. Our next bog post is this.

Sea Life Aquariums are popular with Londoners, who flock there to see the thousands of aquatic creatures and learn about their fascinating lives. It is located at Riverside Building, County Hall, Westminster Bridge Rd, London SE1 7PB. It is not far from our practice. There are 10 Sea Life Centres in the UK, each of which houses a different marine exhibit. The perfect day out for families will almost certainly require several visits to different venues throughout the city. Here’s our guide on where you should go with your family this summer.

London Aquarium

Greenwich Sea Life Centre

This is the flagship centre of the Sea Life group and has the largest collection of marine creatures in the UK. It’s a great day out for children with a wide variety of exhibits to explore. The highlight of any trip to this venue is the Touch Reef, which is home to hundreds of species of coral and fish, including a wide selection of sharks, rays and other large creatures.

There’s a particularly good kids’ Activity Zone with things to do like a fish feed, face painting, a shark encounter and even a leaf blowing quiz. There are also some great family-friendly restaurants nearby, where you can stop and rest while your kids explore the exhibits.

London Wetland Centre

This is a beautiful venue, containing a series of freshwater and artificial habitats. The two main manmade freshwater lakes are a great place for photos and for learning about the natural world. There’s a great kids’ playground, where children can safely try their hand at all manner of water-based activities.

The surrounding gardens are also great for family photos and there’s a restaurant and cafe available. This is a great venue for families and those with children who enjoy outdoor activities, as there are plenty of opportunities to go boating, fishing or even try your hand at archery.

London Zoo

This is another iconic London venue that’s a must-see for any visitors. The zoo is a great place to visit with children as it has a wide range of animals that are suitable for the younger crowd. There are a few interactive areas for children to explore, as well as plenty of photo opportunities for parents. There’s also a great restaurant that’s suitable for families.

You can also visit the nearby Thornham Gardens, where you can see more of the zoo’s wide range of animals. This is a really great day out if your kids enjoy animals, as well as being a great introduction to London Zoo if you’re new to the city.

The London Aquarium – Battersea Park

The Battersea Aquarium is one of the newest of the Sea Life centres, opening in 2016. Located in Battersea Park, it’s within easy reach of hundreds of thousands of people who visit the park every day. You can explore the aquarium, enjoy some great outdoor activities or stop for lunch or a snack at the adjacent café.

The aquarium is home to a wide range of aquatic creatures and there’s a special section that’s designed for young visitors. There’s also a special kids’ zone with activities like face painting and balloon modelling. This is a great day out for families with younger children, as there’s plenty for them to do without being a nuisance to their older siblings.

The London Aquarium – South Bank

The South Bank is the most visited area of London outside of the city centre and is a great spot for a day out. The London Aquarium is located on the South Bank, which is a riverside walkway that’s popular with visitors. There’s plenty of things to see and do nearby, including the popular London Eye. You can visit the Pembe russel river and enjoy a walk along the riverbank or visit the Tate Modern, which is only a short walk away. This is the best area to visit if you have children of different ages, as there are plenty of things to do that are suitable for all ages.

If you’d like to explore the city in a different way, there are plenty of bus routes that take you all over London. You can also walk along the South Bank and see the sights from the river.

The London Aquarium – Blackfriars Bridge

Another newer Sea Life centre, the Blackfriars Bridge Aquarium is the perfect day out for families. Located just outside the City of London, this aquarium has the largest collection of aquatic creatures in Europe, making it a must-visit for any visitor. There’s a great range of exhibits to explore and plenty of things to do. You can go on a boat ride along the river for a different perspective on aquatic life and enjoy some great views. There’s also a special kids’ zone, where you can try your hand at fish feeding, face painting or take part in interactive activities. This is a great day out for families with younger children as there’s plenty for them to do, while older children have plenty to enjoy as well.

Visit the New Brighton Sea Life Centre When It Opens Later In 2018

The New Brighton Sea Life Centre is located on the Seacombe Peninsula in Merseyside and is due to open in 2018. It’s the next Sea Life aquarium to open in the UK and will feature a wide range of aquatic creatures.

Visiting this new venue is a great option for visitors to Liverpool, as it’s just a half hour train ride from the city centre. Like all the Sea Life centres, it’s a great day out for families with a range of exhibits to visit and plenty to do. There are also two restaurants and a café nearby, where you can stop for a snack or rest while your children explore the exhibits. 

Learn more about London here:

Forest & Ray offers free treatment to Ukrainians who were forced to leave their homes after 24 February 2022.

The initiative covers emergency cases such as dental fillings, tooth extraction and root canals for the price of a consultation of £69. The services are available in London at 8F Gilbert Pl, and can be booked in person, by email / chat or by phone. Please bring your passport with you.

We work with Russian speaking dentists, so you will not have language barriers.

Bring a friend* and both of you will get 50% off your hygiene treatments.

During the hygiene treatment, the hygienist will perform an ultrasonic scaling as well at the same time. You will then feel your teeth much cleaner and in addition, you will prevent many dental diseases such as gingivitis, tooth decay, and tooth loss.

Enjoy the summer with a healthy, bright smile!

The offer is valid until 30th of September, 2022.


  • *Valid only if an existing patient brings a new patient.
  • Not to be combined with other special offers.
  • If the treatment requires more appointments, the payment needs to be completed at the first visit.
  • Only one discounted treatment per person.
  • Prior phone or e-mail booking required.
  • General cancellation policy and terms & conditions apply.

The first thing you can expect is an improved smile immediately after the procedure. Enjoy it, but a little care must be taken for best results. Before getting up and driving home, wait for the anesthesia to wear out completely. It is quite normal for some oozing of blood to take place after surgery. You can use cold packs or press on dry gauze pads to stop it. Avoid hot drinks for a while, and do not eat until anesthesia has worn off completely.

In the next two days avoid strenuous movements. A little bit of swelling is also normal and will at its peak in about two days. A little bit of warmth applied to the cheeks will help reduce it.

Slight pain is quite normal after surgery. Pain will increase when the anesthetic effect finishes. If necessary, take some over the counter pain killers. If pain and swelling do not subside and even increase after a few days, consult the implant specialist. Continue using any antibiotics that have been given you.

Keep the mouth as clean as possible. Continue using the mouth wash for at least a weak, and every time try to hold the liquid over the site of surgery for some time. Mouth rinses with warm saline water will also aid quick relief from swelling and pain.

Resume your daily brushing, but avoid the surgery sites until properly cured.

While eating avoid the sites of surgery, and rinse after food. Avoid smoking until the wounds heal.

After the wound has healed, and in about three to six months your implant will have firmly integrated with the bone around it. Now your teeth are like natural teeth. Enjoy life while maintain routine dental hygiene and six-monthly visits for inspection.

Yes! Modern dentistry has evolved procedures whereby you can get your implants in one single day. The implant provider needs to have all the necessary faculties in house for panoramic or cone beam x-rays, and bone density tests, and CAD / CAM for manufacturing the crowns, this is possible. This technique is known as single day or immediate implant loading.

During this process, a preformed prosthesis is immediately attached to the implant with the help of an abutment. In this way, the artificial tooth structure is completed, however, ossoeintegration continues simultaneously. Not every individual is a candidate for getting single day implants. Your dentist can tell whether you are eligible for getting dental implants loaded in a single day.

Replacement of multiple teeth follows generally the same process as replacement of one tooth. However, if two adjacent teeth are required to be replaced they can be supported on a single implant. The entire set of teeth in a jaw can be supported on a minimum of four implants, while in some cases up to seven implants in the upper jaw and eight in the lower jaw may be required. The procedure can still be completed in a single day.

Replacing a single tooth with an implant supported tooth is relatively simple procedure but must follow essentially the same procedural steps as replacing a greater number of teeth. Let me give you a brief overview of the steps involved in single tooth replacement with dental implants.

Try and save the original tooth

Prior to any such replacement efforts a good dentist will try and save the original tooth. Normally a  replacement tooth cannot  be as good as a natural tooth, even a restored one.


A thorough assessment examination is needed to determine whether the patient is fit for receiving an implant. The various tests normally conducted for this purpose include:

  • Visual examination
  • 3-D imaging, using computer aided X-rays.
  • Bone quality tests

Treatment of current disease: If some treatment is needed, say for existing an gum or periodontal disease, that will be given before the implant procedure can be applied.

Removal of existing tooth: The bad tooth will be extracted, since it cannot be saved.

Bone augmentation: If tests have determined that the bone is deficient in the surrounding region, it must be augmented through a graft procedure. An autograft involves harvesting bone from own body and grafting at the desired location. Allograft means bone is taken from a tissue bank. Good quality bone will gradually replace the porous bone mass.

Soft tissue augmentation: While an implant is being planned it is a good consideration to see if gum flesh needs augmentation. Gum flesh must be sufficient to cover the implant. Else, it will present an un-aesthetic view.

Sinus Lift: In case a tooth in the upper jaw is to be replaced, tests may determine that a ‘sinus-lift ‘operation is required to increase the height of the upper jaw.

Tooth extraction: Once the bone graft and gum graft have matured and the flesh has healed, the bad tooth is extracted.

Implant and abutment placement: a hole is drilled very carefully into the jaw bone. The drill speed is controlled to avoid damaging bone cells. The hole is shaped, and in some cases tapped (if the implant is not self-tapping). The implant is the screwed in and the abutment applied.

Placement of the crown: In conventional practice, three to six months are allowed for osseointegration of the bone with the implant. However, current tendency is to apply the crown also at the same time. This one surgery of the gum. Immediate crowns will normally be replaced with permanent crowns later

Modern dentistry practice does allow for “immediate implants” in some qualified cases. Such cases can walk away with new teeth (albeit temporary) in a matter of an hour after the examination and discussion of costs. The temporary teeth are later removed and replaced with permanent teeth. In some cases, even permanent teeth may be made ready using CAD-CAM equipment while you wait in the office. you can walk away with a new smile in just one visit which can spread over a few hours. Remember that even in these “immediate “cases, bone integration will still need time of a few months. Teeth must not be loaded before that.

The traditional procedure is multi-stage, involving two or more visits. It was the practice, after the detailed examination to go through the following procedures:

  • Treat any gum disease
  • Extract the bad and unwanted teeth
  • Allow time for healing of the jaw.
  • Graft bone, and gum tissue where deficient. Wait for graft to integrate and create new bone.
  • Screw the implants in and cover them up with a healing screw, in case of delayed implant loading. Then seal the gum.
  • After due time for osseointegration, load the implants with teeth or bridges.

You can plan your visits after the examination. It will help you adjust your visits with your work or holidays.

Why should it take that long? A full denture is obtained very quickly? The answer is that the very primar advantage of the implants lies in the firmness with which it is fixed to the jaw. The conventional denture simply sits on the gums, and therefore, can easily slip out. The implant becomes a part of your body just like a natural tooth, or may be even more firmly. Now if you were, God forbid, to break your arm, the bone would take weeks to heal. Your jaw bone is similar. In fact, the case of the metal implant in the jaw bone is even more difficult. While in a cracked bone, the two pieces to join back are natural complements of each other, in the case of an implant an integration process must take place between the bone and a foreign metallic object, the implant. It can take from three to six months. (please see the chapter on osseointegration). It is natural for an implant in the upper jaw to take a little longer due to the softer bone. The lower jaw bone is denser which usually speeds up the integration process.

What time frame to expect and how many visits will be needed, can only be decided after a detailed examination which will include 3-D imaging of the the jaw bones, and tests of bone quality. The implantologist will also need to discuss your own desires and the budget priorities, including your insurance plans.

This is a very important question when you’re planning to get implants. Especially, when you have to travel abroad, or to another city, to get the implants, you may have plan well. It is a good idea to combine any foreign visit with a holiday, thus making the most of your money and time. So, it is best if you have an idea of how long the process can take, and what are the modalities.

Unfortunately, it is not possible for me or even for the dentist to give you a definite figure without proper and thorough examination of your mouth. However, if aesthetics is the primary concern, you may be able to smile with your new (may be temporary) teeth in under one hour. If the eating function is of primary importance, getting your beautiful teeth into full gear can take a few months-may be six months or more.

Implants can be used to replace a single tooth or all teeth in a jaw. And as I have already mentioned, implants can be employed to replace no teeth. That is the case when an orthodontist is trying to align your teeth and wants accelerated movement.

The minimum number of implants required depends on the number of teeth to be replaced. Replacement of one or two tooth requires just one implant. A greater number of teeth in adjacent locations can be replaced with a single fixed bridge using two implants. A full bridge replacement can be applied using four, six, or eight implants in the upper jaw, and five or more in the lower jaw. Note that not all 16 teeth are needed in a jaw, rather only 7 teeth in each jaw (28 in total) will suffice. Why we don’t we replace missing third molars? This is because third molars usually don’t play any active role in mastication and speech. Therefore, dentists do not usually replace them.

So, coming back to the question, you can replace as many teeth as you want to replace. If you need a single tooth replacement, you can get a crown. In case you need replacement more than two teeth, your dentist can give you a partial denture or a bridge. Finally, complete dentures can also be attached to implants for the replacement of all missing teeth in a jaw.

Implants are a lifetime facility. They incur a sizable expense, and a certain amount of inconvenience during the installation and healing process. Hence the installation process must be executed thoroughly with full preparation. For this purpose, you may have to undergo additional surgeries so that you derive a long and trouble-free service from your investment. Need for addition surgical procedures will vary from case to case. Additional surgery that you may have to pay for is of three types.

  • Extraction of unwanted teeth: If you are replacing a bad tooth, it must to be extracted. If you are looking for a full bridge using implants, any existing teeth are mobile, infected or have a hopeless prognosis must be extracted. Some teeth get directly joined with the bone (ankylosed), and may need to be surgically extracted.
  • Hard tissue augmentation: The advantage of implants lies in the strength with which they attach to the jaw bone. If the site of the implant is deficient in bone volume and density, additional bone may have to be grafted. That is a surgical operation. Bone must be ‘harvested’ from another site in the mouth and grafted to the new location. This means two surgeries at least. Alternatively, bone may be obtained from a tissue bank. If bone is obtained from a tissue bank, only one surgery per graft is required. Finally, the implant procedure can be carried out after the graft has taken root.
  • Soft tissue reconstruction: In some cases it is necessary augment the gum tissue around the implant to fully cover it and to make look aesthetic. In case your gums are deficient of tissue at the proposed sites gum tissue will need to be grafted.

This question will be best answered after an implant dentist has examined you. He or she will look at the condition of your teeth, gums, and the jaw bone. Tests will be required to assess the condition of teeth and their roots under the gum, and the bone quality and mass. The dentist will then discuss with you the various options available. Depending on your functional and aesthetic requirements, budget priorities, and the insurance plan, you and your dentist can decide together. For your information, and to help you understand the dentist’s suggestions we describe below the various classes of implants and their applications briefly.

Implants can be classified according to three parameters: installation position (within or outside the jaw bone), size, and the purpose for which those are installed.

Installation position

There are two main categories depending on the place they are installed in the jaw.

  • Endosteal implants: This is the most common type of implants used. Endosteal implants are screwed into the jawbone (endo means inside) under the gum line. The shape may be cylindrical (straight or tapered downwards) or disc shaped. Patients who have sufficient bone in their jaws are candidates for this type of implant.
  • Subperiosteal implants: These implants are given to those patients who, for some reason, do not have sufficient mass and quality of bone in their jaw to support the normal endosteal implant. 3-D model of the jaw bone obtained from CT scans help in installation.  A metallic framework is designed and fitted over the jawbone but kept under the gum. Metallic posts protruding from the framework through the gum then support the artificial crowns.  Use of CAD/CAM facilities help complete the entire procedure in a single visit.


Implants can also be classified by sizes. The sizes are, in decreasing in decreasing order of size.

  • standard
  • mini


Implants are also classified by the type of restoration they are used for. The types are:

  • Single tooth: A single implant is sufficient to support a single tooth. In this case, a crown will placed over the implant with the help of an abutment, to complete the artificial tooth structure.
  • Multiple teeth: Two or more teeth can be supported on a bridge or denture, on two or more implants.
  • All-on-4: A complete set of teeth of one jaw is supported by a total of four implants. Sometimes 6, or 8 implants may be needed for the upper jaw and five or seven for the lower jaw. Check out our infographics about Nobel Biocare implants.
  • Combinations of fixed and removable bridgework: A removable denture section gets attached to a fixed bridge which is supported on implants.
  • Implant supported over-dentures: Traditional dentures press on the gum and result in bone loss in the empty sockets. An implant supported overdenture is useful for those who want a complete denture and yet avoiding the bone resorption associated with the traditional denture.
  • Orthodontic anchorage for tooth movement: This is a very interesting application of dental implants. When orthodontists need to move teeth quickly for alignment and straightening, they install an implant onto selected teeth or sites in the jaw bone. Orthodontic devices are then made to apply forces to these implants resulting in faster movement of teeth than conventional methods.
  • Temporary bridgeworks: A patient becomes toothless during the healing period of implants. Removable micro-mini implants can be installed with temporary bridgeworks on them. Those are removed when the permanent teeth are applied.

This is a very wise question. Just because everybody is going for implants is not a valid reason for a wise person to rush for dental implants. Dental implants mean a hefty investment of hard-earned money. You have to make a cold, calculated decision as to whether you want to go for dental implants or choose any of the other options we have discussed in the relevant chapter of this book. Dental implants are currently the latest option in tooth replacements that the dental profession can provide. In this chapter, we try to discuss both the merits and the demerits of implants as compared with the other tooth replacement options already available.

Demerits of dental implants

First, I start with the demerits of dental implants.

  • Initial high cost of treatment: A very visible argument against getting implants is that they have a high upfront cost. The cost of a complete implant bridge can be in tens of thousands of dollars.  However, the counter arguments is that those are the high end figures. You can shop around. Prices vary from dentist to dentist, within the same city, and within the state. And there is the choice to look for cheaper offers abroad and enjoy a holiday as well during the process.
  • Surgical complications: Implants involve surgical operations. Complications can arise, although they are rare. Peri-implantitis is one infectious condition which may develop around the implant location.
  • Incomplete / failure of osseointegration: Other problems with dental implants can occur due to failed ossoeintegration, and nerve or tissue damage. However, these problems re rare and well-known. The success rate of implants is at 98% if properly cared for and 95 % if cases of lack of care are also included. This success rate is far better than those of the alternates available, particularly in view of their shorter life-times.

But the overall quality of life with dental implants is far superior to that obtainable with conventional restorations. Here are some of the reasons why people normally prefer, and I as well recommend dental implants over other types of dental restorations. These benefits more than offset the extra upfront cost of implants.

  • Long life: Implants will virtually last you for your lifetime. This is because they are prepared from high quality and durable titanium alloys.
  • Permanent and non-slip: Dental implants are like natural tooth roots over which a crown is firmly placed. Thus, there is no chance of the teeth or denture slipping out at the wrong moment. There is no risk of social embarrassment due to their slippage or falling out a happens with conventional dentures.
  • Firm rooting: This is the basic reason for most of the merits of implants. Screwed into the jaw bone, they are held very firmly, and act just like the roots of a natural tooth.
  • Natural function and feel: Since they are firmly rooted in the jaw like natural teeth, they feel and function like natural teeth. The patient can simply forget that he or she is wearing artificial teeth.
  • Post care: In contrast with conventional dentures teeth and dentures fixed on implants do not need any special care. Daily brushing and flossing along with regular inspection visits should suffice.
  • Your teeth remain in your mouth: Your teeth do not have to be removed at night and for cleaning. They are part of your mouth as were the original natural teeth.
  • No soaking solutions: Since your teeth need not, and cannot, be removed, there is no need for any soaking solutions as required for storage of conventional dentures.
  • No bone loss: Implant supported teeth and dentures do not cause bone loss as do conventional removable dentures.
  • Osseointegration: The implants rather encourage bone growth into the metal surface of the implant. That process is called osseointegration.
  • Repair and maintenance: No repair and maintenance is needed except for a possible tightening of a loose screw.
  • High success rate: Implants are reported in the literature to have success rate close to 98 percent.
  • Cost-effectiveness: The upfront cost is more than offset by the many benefits of the implants, and in the ultimate analysis they more cost effective.

In my opinion, dental implants are the best option for replacing your missing teeth. In fact, dental implants are the latest dental replacements dentistry can offer. However, even though they function and feel just like natural teeth and do not suffer from the weaknesses of the other options, they are expensive and are not affordable by everyone. Although, as per my thinking dental implants are still quite cost effective in view of the quality of life they permit. If, for some reason you cannot be given implants, or you do not want to choose implants, I am discussing some of the other teeth replacement options that you can consider:

Single tooth replacement: A single tooth can be replaced in the following manners Tooth supported bridge

  • Tooth supported bridge: The replacement tooth (pontic) is supported on crowns placed on healthy teeth on either side. It has been the most common replacement method for replacing single teeth when implants were not available. It has several disadvantages
    1. The two healthy teeth must be grinded to accommodate crowns to which the pontic will be attached. The teeth can weaken.
    2. These bridges do have as long a life as implant teeth, and need maintenance during their life time.
    3. Jaw bone around the empty socket tends to decay (resorb).  With time depressions appear in the facial contours around that region.


Removable partial denture

  • Removable partial dentures: The dentures sit on the gum, and take support by suction or adhesive. Grinding down of the adjacent teeth is not required. However, they are neither as stable nor as comfortable as dental implants. Dentures can also cause problems with speech and eating. Partial dentures are less expensive than implant-supported ceramic crowns.
  • Maryland bridges or resin-bonded bridges are used where too much chewing stress is not expected, ie, in restoring a lost front tooth. Support is taken from adjacent teeth, those need not be grinded. The pontic simply bonded to the adjacent teeth. Obviously, a Maryland bridge is not as strong as the regular fixed bridge.

Resin bonded bridge


  • Replacing multiple teeth: If you want to replace just one or two teeth a fixed bridge is possible as alternative to implants. Of course, it is not as good, and suffers from the limitations of the fixed bridge as If multiple teeth are to be replaced, a partial denture is the only alternative to implant supported replacement. It is not as expensive as implants, but is less convenient, allows bone resorption in the vacant tooth sockets, and will distort the facial contours over time. One must be careful with what one eats. The partial denture must be removed at night to allow the gum to ‘breathe’. The removed denture must be kept in a soaking solution. It must be handled carefully. It is brittle and may break or crack if it falls. It may also hamper speaking, smiling and eating.

Complete removable denture


  • Replacing all teeth: The alternative to implants is the complete removable denture (conventional denture). The know-how for the complete removable denture is quite common. The denture is not expensive. However, it suffers from multiple drawbacks as for the partial removable dentures. Some of them are listed below:
    • It sits on the gum and is held by adhesives or suction with the gum or palate. Hence, it can slip out at the most inopportune moments causing embarrassment.
    • The choice of foods is limited. Hard stuff cannot be chewed.
    • They do not look as natural as implants.
    • They have limited life.
    • Need to be removed at night.
    • Must be soaked when not worn.
    • Must be handled very carefully. They are brittle and can crack or break if dropped accidentally.
    • Since the tooth sockets are vacant, bone resorption is possible. Loss of bone will distort facial features.

This is again a very important and interesting question. Again, the answer depends on the condition of your teeth, how many teeth priorities, and the dentist involved. The cost will involve multiple components, and I shall discuss each of them in this chapter.

Examination: To start with your medical and dental history will be reviewed. Then there will be a thorough examination of your teeth and gums to check whether you will benefit from implants, how many, and what type of implants are required and in what sizes. These tests can include

  • Visual examination: Your mouth will be visually examined carefully.
  • X-ray examination: A 3-D image of your jaws will be taken using possibly computer aided cone-beam X-ray to determine the condition of the teeth, their roots, and the jaw bone. This test is very important because the stability of the implant supported structures depends very much on the assets available in the mouth.
  • Bone density: tests may have to be performed separately to determine the quality of jaw bone in various parts of the jaw.

Treatment of underlying dental problems: If some treatment is needed, say for existing gum disease, that will be given before implant procedure can be started.

  • Removal of existing teeth: If some teeth need to be removed those will be removed under anesthesia. Extractions and anesthesia cost will be included.
  • Bone augmentation: In some cases the specialist may determine that the planned site of implant is deficient in bone mass or the quality is not good enough (bones porous) bone must be augmented through an autograft (bone from own body), or allograft (bone taken from tissue bank). Good quality bone will gradually replace the porous bone mass.
  • Sinus lift: In some cases a sinus lift operation may be advised to increase the height of the upper jaw. This surgery will also cost.

Implant abutment and the prosthesis: To all the above will be added the cost of the hardware-implants, abutment, and the required prosthesis (crown, dentures or bridge) which may cost a significant fraction of the total implant expenditure.

After the examination, the implant dentist will discuss with you all your various options which can accommodate your desires and your budget priorities. That is the time to discuss frankly with your implant specialist before making a final decision. I would recommend that you must also discuss with him or her the applicability of your insurance package, or any other question that comes to your mind regarding your treatment.

People often ask me this question. So, I thought why don’t I answer it in detail here? So here it goes! The cost of acquiring implants depends, among many other things, on the number of implants installed. It is an important term in the sum for cost of dental implant treatment. The number of implants required to support your teeth varies from case to case.

  • Replacing one or two missing adjacent teeth: If you are replacing only one or two adjacent teeth a single implant can easily support a small partial denture or bridge.
  • Replacing complete dentition with implants: on the other hand, if you need to replace all the teeth in a jaw with the help of a complete denture, at least 4 implants in each jaw are required to provide satisfactory results. This type of prosthesis is known as an all on 4 supported denture. Depending on the specifics of the case, six or even eight implants may be used in the upper jaw, possibly, five or seven in the lower jaw. The number of implants required for a complete jaw is a rather ‘technical’ decision. The number of implants, their locations and angulation all depend on the condition of the jaw bone.

An important consideration is that the bone should have sufficient strength at the proposed locations of implants. If bone is found to be deficient in quality or quantity, it may have to be grafted from elsewhere. Both the volume and density of the both together determine the structural quality of the bone. Patients looking for implant dentures are often deficient in bone in many parts of their jaw. Exactly which places sufficient bone is available affects the planned location and the number of implants. In the case of the upper jaw, the number also depends on how many teeth you want to have there, and how many natural teeth are present on the lower jaw.

The decision as to how many implants are optimally required will be taken after a thorough examination. This examination can include a panoramic or a cone-beam x-ray, along with bone density tests. These tests will decide how many implants, and what type and size of implants are required. Their positions and angular orientation will also be carefully determined for optimal strength at minimal cost. The number of implants employed to support a denture could also be affected by your budget priorities.

  • Uncontrolled disease: Chronic diseases which are not under control can reduce the healing ability of the body. For example, if diabetes is not under control, the patient is not a good candidate for implants, because healing will be impaired. However, if your diabetes is well under control then you can get an implant. Similarly, leukemia and hyperparathyroidism can also affect the success of a dental implant. People undergoing chemotherapy should postpone getting an implant.
  • Chronic illnesses: chronic illnesses such as liver and kidney problems, tumors and auto-immune diseases are also an absolute contra-indication for getting implants. You should seek treatment for your medical illness first, and when you are healthy again you should visit your dentist for re-evaluation.
  • Poor oral hygiene: dental implants are bound to fail if you do not maintain optimal oral hygiene. Therefore, I will not consider giving dental implants to a patient who is unable to maintain dental hygiene. At least not till his or her oral health has attained a satisfactory level.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant females should not have dental implants in the first three months, although it is best to postpone the operation till after the baby has been delivered.
  • Psychiatric disorders: People with psychiatric or emotional stresses should be considered very carefully before being treated for an implant, because it can place extra psychological stress on the patient.
  • Lack of muscular coordination: Implants do not need as much care as do conventional dentures, but they still need regular oral hygiene. People who cannot for some reason, manage this should not invest in the expensive treatment.

An important requirement for the placement of dental implants is the presence of sufficient thickness and volume of the jaw, so that it can support the implant as well as the prosthesis that is placed over it. When the jaw is deficient in bone or the quality is not good enough your dentist can still have options for you. I will discuss these options here very briefly.

  • Bone augmentation: Bone can be augmented by placing bone grafting materials where required. The bone graft that is used to restore the quantity of the alveolar bone, can come from either human, animal or synthetic source. Here is a list of conditions which suggest you should not take an implant:

This is a very important question. While most people will benefit from dental implants, some will not. The reason is that implants owe their strength and stability to a firm anchoring in the jaw bone. A very small percentage of people also have sensitivities which may cause problems. In case a patient does not have sufficient bone in the jaw at the location of the proposed implant, an implant is not advised. Similarly, quality of the bone matters. Diabetics and certain other categories may have bone density too low to support the implant along with its load. For this reason, your dentist will study your medical and dental history, and perform visual, radiographic and other tests to determine pre-hand whether implants are good for you.

The process of osseointegration is the real secret behind success of dental implants. Osseointegration is a natural process which is as important to success of the dental (and other implants) as the story of its discovery is interesting. Like many very useful scientific discoveries, the process of what we now call osseointegration also came to light by chance. It was in 1940, almost a century ago that Bothe and colleagues were experimenting with titanium as a prosthesis material for fractures in animal legs. They had chosen titanium for its strength and hardness. However, they noticed that the metal had a tendency to ‘fuse’ with the bone. Later, in 1951, Gottlieb Leventhal reported that the bonding of bone to titanium increased with passing time. In about four months the bonding was so strong that screws attached to the bones could not be removed without damaging the bone. The term “osseointegration” was later coined by Per-Ingvar Brånemark of Sweden who conducted further experiments with titanium objects in rabbit bones. In 1965, Gösta Larsson was the first human to receive a dental implant, again at the hands of Professor Brånemark. Since that time, osseointegration has been studied extensively. This property is also found in certain other materials, but as of 2016, titanium alloys are the preferred choice for dental implants and other surgical implants. The alloying is done to modify mechanical properties of titanium as desired.

The process takes place automatically when a titanium object remains in contact with living bone. Bone cells grow onto the surface of the metal, and the bond is mature in three to six months. It is for this reason that in the routine implant placement procedures, dentists like to give a gap of about three to six months after installation of implants before a prosthesis is built over them. In the case when implants are loaded in a single day, the dentists advise patients not to load their implants with hard food initially. I shall discuss more about conventional and same day implant loading in more detail in the preceding chapters. Before that, let’s discuss who can benefit from dental implants?

In a matter of a few years only, dental implants have become very popular. They have pushed all other options including conventional dentures to the background, despite an appreciable difference in cost. This is not only due to any media campaign. Dental implant, in fact, have many merits which are not possessed by their alternatives such as dentures and bridges. I will discuss some of the major advantages of dental implants in the paragraphs below.

  • Firm rooting: Dental implants are rigidly held by the jaw bone, as firmly as nuts and bolts in a machine. This is because the dental implant is in fact a metallic object screwed into the bone. Special alloys of titanium metal are employed for making the implants through state of the art metallurgical processes. In addition, due to the bone promoting capability of Titanium alloys, bone cells grow into the titanium surface through a process known as osseointegration, or bone integration. The artificial tooth or teeth are firmly attached to this post through a metallic abutment.
  • Implant-supported dentures do not slip: Conventional dentures have a very serious limitation that they are not firmly rooted in the mouth. Rather, they are held by suction between the denture base and the gums. They can slip or fall out at the most inopportune moment causing serious embarrassment on social occasions and very intimate moments. Implant-supported dentures and teeth will not slip out because implants are firmly and permanently rooted in the jaw bone.
  • Natural feel and function: Teeth supported on implants look and feel just like natural teeth because of this firm rooting. They also function like natural teeth posing virtually no limitations to the wearer.
  • No special hygienic care is required: perhaps, one of my favorite positive points of implants in comparison to other teeth replacement options is that there is no special oral hygiene care required for them. On the other hand, if you have conventional dentures, hygiene is cumbersome. You need to remove the dentures for cleaning after eating and before going to be. Implant supported dentures are permanently fixed and should be brushed and flossed just like natural teeth.
  • No need to remove and no special storage: Conventional dentures need to be removed at night. Whenever removed, they need to be stored in special storage solution for fear of shrinkage. Implants do not need any such care. Dentures also need extra care when removed for cleaning or storage. They are brittle and may break or crack. Cracked or scratched dentures should not be used because the scratch or crack can house infection. Implants are totally free of any such possibility because they are permanently attached.
  • No bone loss: Dental implants prevent bone loss (bone resorption) as would occur around jaw bone that does not have teeth. Additionally, bone resorption is rather accelerated when you start wearing removable dentures. On the other hand, implants encourage bone growth through a process called osseointegration (bone integration). Bone cells physically grow into the metal surface of the titanium implant.
  • Long life: in my experience dentures tend to last for three to four years, despite extensive care. After that duration, they need to be replaced. Implants are prepared from highly durable materials, and are  virtually for life.
  • Repair and maintenance: Implants need no repair and maintenance, except for a possible visit for tightening a loose screw. This is in contrast with conventional dentures which frequently need relining or even replacement. Also, maintanence of removable dentures is also difficult, since they need to washed and cleansed regularly, and they are prone to immediate fracture in case they are accidentally dropped.
  • High success rate: The success rate of implants is close to 98 percent as reported in dentistry literature. This is a very high rate of success unmatched by any other restoration.
  • Cost-effectiveness: No doubt implants are expensive upfront. However, when we add the repair and replacement costs associated with dentures, and the intangible advantages of the implant, the latter come out to be really cost-effective. So, I wouldn’t consider the initial high cost of implants as a drawback.
    Are you wondering why dental implants are so durable and long lasting? This is due to the phenomenon of ossoeintegration. In the next pages, I will discuss how ossoeintegration plays a vital role in ensuring excellent stability, durability and retention of implant-supported prostheses.

Here, I am providing you with the “golden list”. This is the list of things / procedures / investigations that you need to complete, before your implant placement process can be started. Your implant professional will generally follow a checklist like the one below. However, it can vary for each dental practitioner.

Thorough preoperative examinations are performed to assess your eligibility for getting dental implants, consisting of:

-Blood test

-Check / treatment of systemic diseases like diabetes and blood pressure

-Mouth examination

-Bite check and condition of the gum ridge to determine the size and position of the implants.

-Check for gum disease, tooth decay, and biting anomalies, if any.

-X-ray examination to determine bone height in the gum.

-Computer aided tomography (CT) is an x-ray examination procedure which generates 3-D images and helps in planning the implant sizes, positions and angulations.

-Preparations before implant treatment

  • Treatment of gum disease and tooth decay of teeth which are to be kept.
  • Correction of bite and prevention of bruxism (teeth grinding and clenching habits)

-Preparative surgery:

  • Extraction of unwanted teeth (in case of full dentures)
  • Bone grafting where necessary
  • Gum grafting where necessary

The patient will need to observe the following:

-Lifestyle changes. Give up (gradually, if necessary) drinking and/or smoking. It will speed up recovery and prolong the life of the implants.

-Get rid of any cold, fever, or any other underlying medical or dental illness that may hamper implant healing and ossoeintegration. You cannot be considered for getting dental implants, unless you are completely physically fit.

Once osseo-integrated, your implants are like your natural teeth. You need to observe routine dental hygiene, and ensure six monthly visits to the dentist for check-up. Sometimes a tightening may become necessary, but is not frequent. You can eat normal food , but it may be wise to avoid very hard stuff.

Dental implants are the latest gift of modern technology and dental science for those people who are missing one or more of their teeth. As per data present on the website of American Academy of Implant Dentistry, over three million (the data on AAID website is correct for year 2006) Americans have already got implants in their mouths. Due to an increasing demand for dental implants, majority of dentists in USA have started providing dental implant services. Per an estimate, the combined US and European market for dental implants is estimated to reach $4.2 billion by year 2022. So, what are dental implants and why are they so popular? Let’s dive into the world of implant dentistry.

A dental implant is like a tooth root – albeit an artificial one – which supports a tooth or several teeth. It is a cylinder shaped metallic post – made of titanium alloy, to be exact – which has threads on one end. This post is screwed into the jaw bone at a carefully evaluated location and angulation. At the other end, which remains outside the jaw bone, an abutment is attached to the implant which supports a prosthesis. The abutment may be attached onto the exposed end of the implant like a small screw, or in case of mini-implants, it can be a ball structure pre-fitted to the implant. The screw and the abutment are not visible. Only the tooth, or teeth supported by the implants are visible. Teeth supported on implants get their support directly from the jaw bone through the metallic structure, and hence, are as firm. There is no question of the implant coming loose under normal eating conditions.

A half-year check-up is a regular appointment you have with your dentist to check if everything is alright or you need any kind of dental treatment. Why is it important?

The importance of half-year dental check-up:

  1. It helps to prevent bigger and more serious dental problems.
  2. Early recognition makes any dental problems easier and less expensive to cure.
  3. A half-year check-up includes cancer screening.
  4. The guarantee of any dental treatments performed by Forest & Ray is only valid if you attend the regular checkups!

Dental professionals understand that if you are wearing dentures or have missing teeth, implants can enhance your life quality and provide you with the confidence you need while smiling and eating.

Dental implants have reinvented the replacement of teeth. Before the invention of oral implants, people with dentures could not chew certain types of food. However, dental implants changed the scenario and provided a superior fix to missing teeth.

The advancement of dentures changed the lifestyle of patients with artificial teeth. Back in time, people with dentures were unable to chew appropriately. This meant they were missing out on essential foods and nutrients. However, this altered with the progression of oral implants.

A dental implant is placed into the jawbone. A small incision is made on the gums, and after this, your dentist uses different sized drills to create a passage. Once this is achieved, they will place the implant into the bone and stitch the overlying gum tissue. The dental implant placement process is done under local anaesthesia, ensuring that you are comfortable and pain-free during the procedure. Once the dental implant heals and integrates with the jawbone, a crown is placed over it. It can take anywhere from 3-6 months for the dental implant to integrate with the jawbone.

Benefits And Drawbacks of Dental Implants

There are many options to replace missing teeth; one of these options is dentures. Dentures are removable and come with certain restrictions. Unlike dentures, dental implants serve as a fixed replacement. Implants are screwed into the jaw bone and hold the crown in its place.

  • Implants are a long-lasting solution to tooth loss.
  • There is no need for special cleansing or adhesives, and maintenance is easy.
  • Consuming your favourite foods will be possible.
  • Compared to dentures, an implant does not loosen and offers a permanent fixed solution.
  • Dental implants may cost more but are the most superior and long-lasting alternative to replacing the missing tooth.
  • You can easily care for your implants the same way you would for your natural teeth.

You  Must Think About Dental Implants If:

  • You’re insecure about your look. Nothing is even worse than hiding your smile.
  • You have to avoid your favourite foods because of chewing difficulties.
  • Your current dentures or oral bridges are not suitable.

How long is the treatment?

Getting an oral implant is a multi-step procedure that can take several months. When you were determined as a good candidate by the dentist, you will be advised for dental implants. In case of picking this dental solution, you ought to know that it consists of the extraction of your damaged tooth.

When the implant remains in place, your jaw and surrounding tissues will require some time to recover. This can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. At this time, our dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontitis will examine the implant site to ensure it is adequately healed.

Another significant aspect of dental implants: they are easy to maintain by brushing and flossing, just like your natural teeth because, after all, they are the closest thing you can have to your natural teeth.

You no longer have to compromise on your smile; with dental implants, you can get the beautiful smile you have always desired.

Dentofacial Orthopaedics is the process of correcting and guiding the growth of dental bone structures. It also involves the correction of a sucking habit or an abnormal swallowing pattern that can reshape the dental bones. This therapy often begins when the patient is around 7 years old.

Dentofacial Orthopaedics
Orthodontics moves teeth with conventional braces. Dentofacial Orthopaedics involves the guidance of facial growth and development of the jaws, using appliances like headgear, expanders, functional appliances, etc. At Forest and Ray, we can diagnose any teeth or jaw misalignment, and plan orthodontics and orthopaedic treatment for your child.

Phase I (Orthopaedics) / Interphase (resting time) / Phase II (Orthodontics)

Children are the best candidates for dentofacial orthopaedic treatment. If your child begins orthodontic treatment before all adult teeth have erupted, this is called phase one treatment. During this phase (phase I), your orthodontist will use appliances to correct the alignment of your child’s jaws before beginning the second phase (phase II) of treatment, which is to straighten the teeth with conventional braces or aligners.

Orthodontics and Orthopaedics = Phase I + Phase II

Usually, orthopaedic treatment may precede conventional braces. But sometimes Orthopaedic appliances and conventional braces are used together. So, if your child has an expander and braces, he is undergoing orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics at the same time.

When should I book an orthodontic check-up for my child?

The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children have their first orthodontic check-up no later than age 7. 

Remember, there is a difference between an orthodontic check-up and starting orthodontic treatment. Only a few orthodontic problems will need to be corrected before or around the age of 7.

The time to start the treatment is determined by the child’s orthodontic problem and the child’s stage of dental development. At Forest and Ray, we will advise you on the ideal time for your child to start the treatment. If there is an orthodontic problem, but the patient is not ready to start the orthopaedic or orthodontic treatment, we will take a conservative approach and monitor your child’s growth and development. If your child is older than 7, it is not too late for a check-up. Keep in mind that many patients begin treatment between the ages of 9 and 14.

Should I wait to book an orthodontic check-up until my child has all permanent teeth?

No. Waiting until all the permanent teeth are out, or until facial growth is nearly completed, could make correcting bone problems more difficult. As the child gets older, some orthopaedic problems become worse and more difficult to treat. Some problems cannot be corrected once the face and jaws are no longer growing.

What about the costs?

At Forest & Ray, we provide you highest quality orthodontic treatments, with top quality materials at an affordable price.

When it comes to starting orthodontic treatment with us, you don’t have to worry about unexpected, hidden costs. We offer orthodontics treatment packages so the length and costs of the treatment are predictable. Please inquire about our package offers or review our price list!

Achieving and maintaining a healthy smile is a lifelong process. It is essential that we adhere to the necessary oral care habits on a daily basis as well as procure the right oral care products. In our article, we summarized what are the most important oral care habits to look out for in our daily routine.

Don’t go to bed without brushing your teeth!

It’s no secret that brushing teeth twice a day is the general recommendation to maintain proper oral hygiene. Nevertheless, many people continue to neglect evening brushing. Brushing your teeth before going to bed frees us from bacteria and plaque  that accumulates on our teeth during the day, so we should not miss it!

Brush your teeth properly!

The technique of brushing your teeth is just as important as regularity. Take time to brush your teeth! Use the toothbrush to remove plaque by gently moving in a circular motion to prevent the build-up of tartar, which often leads to gingivitis.

Don’t forget to clean your tongue either!

Plaque also accumulates on our tongues. This can lead not only to an unpleasant mouth odour but also to other oral problems. Also gently wash your tongue as part of any tooth brushing.

Use fluoride toothpasteWe tend to think that the whitening effect or taste is the most important factors when choosing a toothpaste. In fact, no matter which version you choose, make sure it contains fluoride.

This is because fluoride provides excellent protection against tooth decay by providing a protective barrier to our teeth.

Dental floss, dental floss, dental floss!

Even most regular toothbrushes tend to neglect regularfloss use. In addition to using dental floss to remove pieces of food left between your teeth, it is also a great way to stimulate the gums and reduce plaque. Using floss once a day is usually sufficient.

Drink more water!

Water remains the best drink to maintain our overall health, including oral health. Drink a glass of water after each meal as this can help wash away sticky and acidic food and drink residue stuck between your teeth.

Eat crisp fruits and vegetables!

Consuming fresh, crispy foods contains not only healthy fiber but also the best choice for your teeth.

Parents are also encouraged to accustom their children to foods that are more difficult to chew at an early age. Let’s try to avoid things that are processed too pasty and let our teeth chew!

Avoid acidic and sugary foods!

The sugar is converted to acid in the mouth, destroying the enamel. Acidic fruits, teas and coffee can also wear the enamel of our teeth. While it is not necessary to completely avoid such foods, it does not hurt to be careful about their frequency.

Visit our dentist at least twice a year!

Our general dental health is greatly influenced by our daily habits, however, it is essential that we visit our dentist every six months for a general check-up! This is because the dentist is able to detect potential dental problems in time and also provides treatment solutions.

At the Forest & Ray Dental Practice, you come to any of our dentists, you can trust yourself with a calm heart because of your expertise and practice, and you can be sure that you will receive a friendly reception and special attention.

Dental prevention not only helps against oral diseases but can also alert you to the symptoms of other diseases that occur elsewhere in your body. That is why it is extremely important that when you visit your dentist, ask a few questions that will help you allay any concerns you may have.

Sometimes it is difficult to start a dialogue, so we have gathered 5 questions that are recommended to ask during your next dental visit.

What is the condition of my teeth?

It is a simple and comprehensive question, so it is worth asking. If you have any concerns about your dental health, be sure to share this with your dentist, who will help you identify any problems and recommend the appropriate treatment.

How can I improve my oral hygiene habits?

Of course, we strive every day to adhere to the recommended oral care routine. However, depending on your individual situation, your dentist may suggest minor changes, such as changing the amount of fluoride used in your daily brushing. It is therefore worth asking if there is a need to redesign our oral care routine.

What kind of treatment would I need further?

Our dentist has the most information about the condition of our teeth. That is why he/she is happy to help you recommend further treatment. For example, the dentist can recommend a mouthguard against gnashing of teeth at night, or a teeth whitening procedure to make your smile brighter. You should ask for your dentist’s opinion about your further treatment.

Is there any dental problem that is worth asking the GP?

Signs of many diseases appear as dental problems. Ask if your dentist will detect a sign of another illness, which is why you may want to take another type of medical examination.

Do I need other health information before dental treatments?

Our GP can provide valuable information to our dentist to help you develop a treatment plan. Medications, vitamin deficiencies, and certain conditions (such as diabetes) can affect the condition of our teeth, and knowledge about it can change our dental care plan.

At our dentistry, we provide a full oral and dental condition assessment for the patients treated by us during the six-month control examination, as well as perform a panoramic X-ray and oral cancer screening, and our dentists also provide personalized oral care advice.

Dental opinions are divided on the positive effects of chewing gum on our teeth and oral hygiene. Some recommend it, some don’t and we have also heard of a country where chewing gum has been banned. In the next article, we will explore this myth!

The habit comes from our ancestors

Chewing gum has been widespread in various ancient cultures for thousands of years, certainly not in its “modern” form today. The American Indians chewed the resin of the spruce, while the ancient Greeks also chewed a type of resin, the mastic, for a pleasant, fresh breath.

Interestingly, the mastic is still used in dentistry to this day, but only externally (e.g., soaking its ethereal solution in cotton wool).

Modern nutrition

Refined, pre-processed foods and increased sugar consumption are a major threat to the integrity of our teeth.

Because sugar is also a carbohydrate, the bacteria in the mouth form an acid during a breakdown. The more sugar a food contains, the more acid is produced that alkaline saliva can no longer neutralize. As a negative result of this process, there is a higher chance of damaged tooth enamel, gums and tooth decay.

The process can be stopped by not allowing the pH of the oral cavity to drop. Sugar-free chewing gum can help us with this.

Sugar-free chewing gum

Perhaps surprisingly, sugar-free chewing gum, while adhering to proper and regular oral care habits, contributes to healthy oral hygiene.

Xylitol-containing chewing gums stimulate salivation and also have an antibacterial effect. Thus, a few minutes of chewing will help to dilute the acids that are dangerous to your teeth and mouth.

Additional benefits of sugar-free chewing gum:

  • Neutralizes digestive juices harmful to tooth enamel
  • It removes food debris and plaque, thus preventing the formation of tartar.
  • Reduces dry mouth
  • It helps to incorporate the necessary minerals into the teeth
  • It is convenient and easy to apply in everyday life.

Disadvantages of sugar-free chewing gum

  • Research suggests that excessive chewing gum can harm jaw loosening. That is why if you feel facial muscle pain, it is worth resting for a few days to chew or consult a specialist.
  • Chewing gum can also cause a lot of discomforts when it gets stuck in a tooth filling, prosthesis and destroys it.

Forbidden chewing

Interestingly, there was a time in Singapore that chewing gum was banned, only with certain restrictions could this product be sold or consumed. This was because there were heavy costs involved in removing spit chews in public areas. Although we can already buy chews in pharmacies when we are in Singapore, let us know that spitting it out on the street is still severely punished to this day.

Of course, sugar-free chewing gum is by no means a substitute for regular brushing with proper technique, nor does it trigger additional oral care habits.

The situation caused by Covid-19 has been challenging for all of us.We hope that the worst part is already over so our dental practice can go back to normal. Of course, we pay attention to those conditions which ensure safe clinic treatment for all our patients.

At the moment, most of our doctors and the full range of treatments are available. However, in order to ensure the maximum safety of our patients and our team, we provide general, surgical and orthodontic treatments by introducing extra preventional measures.

The most important information:

  • We limit the number of people staying in the building / waiting room at the same time, thus helping to maintain social distance.
  • All surfaces are disinfected regularly.
  • Special air filters have been installed and a gemicidal lamp is used in the operator to disinfect the air space.
  • For the most secure payment, you can only pay online, by credit card (or, in case of prepayment, by bank transfer).
  • We are constantly monitoring and following the Public Health England guidelines

The well being of our patients is always our number one priority, our goal is to continue to provide you with the highest quality dental care. We take these measures very seriously, making sure we can meet again, in a safe environment.

On the following infographics, you can find all the safety measures:

Contact us today!



Unfortunately, diabetes has now become an endemic, with 64 million people aged from the age of 18 and over, living in the European Region, according to the WHO. This metabolic disease often affects the entire body, so it also affects the oral cavity.

The most common dental complaints

Gingivitis and periodontal inflammation, various oral mucosal lesions, or dry mouth are much more common in patients with diabetes.

Gingivitis and periodontitis

Patients with diabetes are three times more likely to go under these conditions. These diseases can occur up to two – three times more often in diabetic patients, which is also dangerous because it can eventually lead to tooth loss. These diseases can be traced back to decreasing saliva production. As a result, the self-cleaning of the mouth is weakening, the plaque sticks to the teeth faster, which leads to tooth decay and then gingivitis.

Oral mucosal lesions

As a result of high blood sugar level and regular use of antibiotics, fungi that cause oral infections which are able to grow faster in the mouth. These can cause – in the worst case – painful mouth mold.

Dry mouth

A common side effect of diabetes is a decrease in saliva production, which causes dry mouth. Often this comes with a burning feeling, pain, ulcers and various infections. It is also worth addressing this problem as burning feeling, pain, ulcers and various infections can also result by dry mouth.

How can we reduce the complaints?

People with diabetes are required to have the right thorough dental and oral care habits and to attend in dental consultations regularly. Quitting smoking is highly recommended as the combination of diabetes and smoking multiplies the chances of oral cancer.

Prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis: Brush your teeth for half an hour after each meal to ensure that the plaque is removed properly. Also pay attention to thorough profound cleaning of the areas between the teeth, this can be helped by the regular use of dental floss.

Against dry mouth: The use of a mouth moisturizing gel or fluoride mouthwash is recommended. Regular sipping of sugar-free chewing gum, diabetic candy or a sugar-free drink will also help.

It is important to inform your dentist about your condition diabetes at the first appointment, as in this case the patient also needs special attention from the dentist in order to prevent the development of the diseases listed above.

Digitization is also having a major impact on the future of dental laboratory. What innovative solutions can we expect from modern dental technology? In this article, we present new directions!

The future of dental laboratory technology industry

New directions in dental laboratory

The achievements of modern technology allow for much more precise work, both in the planning and production of dental devices. The implementation of dental implants, bridges, crowns, removable dentures is becoming more and more easier and efficient with using computers.

Technology changes extremely fast, often difficult to keep up with increasingly developed devices. In addition, acquiring these can be a potential investment, not to mention the time and energy required to train dental technicians individually.

3D printing in dental technology

With so-called CAD / CAM (computer-aided, computer-manufactured) technology, the production process starts with the classic steps. First, you need to make an impression as well as a plaster sample. Conventionally, the dental technician then shapes the frame of the crowns from a special material, which is an extremely cumbersome job.

However, with the digital solution, the finished plaster sample is placed in a scanner, and then the product is manufactured using a 3D printer. Of course, in this case, there is no need to preserve the plaster sample either, as this is stored by the computer.

Another advantage is that the 3D printer is able to produce always the same quality, and the result will be accurate.

The effect of digitization is also that distances are no longer an obstacle, so the dental technician can send his work as an “attached file” anytime, anywhere.

3D printing is currently used in the following cases: metal replacements and plastic drilling templates, bite templates, manufacture of orthodontic appliances.

Further prospects

Impressions are also projected to lose its importance as scanning evolves and spreads, as everything will happen digitally. It is also expected that new, innovative materials will emerge that will be much more flexible as well as more gentle with joints.

What is important to note, however, is that the use of digital devices does not mean the disappearance of the human workforce. In this profession, manuality plays an important role, which gives the uniqueness of the product.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

If you currently don’t have the possibility to a chair-side whitening, some home alternatives can also help you get a bright white smile. In this article, we will introduce some of these!

Home practices for whiter teeth

The most important thing is that proper oral care habits are essential in all cases, teeth whitening can only be the last step in this ritual.

What can cause tooth discolouration?

  • Eating habits: black tea, coffee, red wine and other foods with a lot of dye can colour the tooth enamel.
  • Ageing: a natural part of the aging process is that our teeth lose their whiteness.
  • Other: substances in medicines and smoking also can affect the whiteness of our teeth.

Home alternatives for whiter teeth

Coconut oil and turmeric

Soak your toothbrush in a mixture of turmeric and coconut oil (in a teaspoon), then massage your teeth and gums. Finally, rinse with water. In addition to its teeth whitening effect, turmeric has other positive features like its antiviral and antibacterial effect.

Baking soda

We can spray the baking soda on our toothbrush and then brush our teeth in the “traditional” way, gently rubbing our teeth with a toothbrush.

Alternatively, you can make a mixture of baking soda and water. After that soak your toothbrush for a few hours. Brush your teeth with the toothbrush thus prepared.

Although baking soda whitens teeth nicely, use it occasionally because the friction of the soda grains can damage the tooth enamel.


You can also rub the surface of your tooth with freshly squeezed lemon juice using your fingers. The acids in lemon have a teeth whitening effect. However, this method is also not recommended for frequent use because citric acid can also cause tooth erosion and tooth sensitivity.


Fresh, preferably less ripe strawberries are also suitable for cleaning teeth. Simply rub the teeth with strawberries to achieve the desired effect. In this case, too, use it only occasionally as strawberries also contain acids that are harmful to tooth enamel.

Whitening toothpaste and mouthwash

Toothpaste that contains mild chemicals helps remove stains on the tooth surface, making our teeth whiter. Whitening mouthwashes provide fresh breath and help prevent gum diseases, although their whitening effect becomes apparent relatively later, as the fluid contacts the teeth only for a short time.

Teeth whitening strip

The teeth whitening strip can be easily glued to our teeth, even a sticker and regular use also helps in surface treatment, removes discolouration, and also provides fresh breath. The result will be visible in a few days.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

Tartar is nothing more than a layer of calcified plaque that forms on the surface of the teeth and below the gums. It is dangerous because it is an excellent breeding ground for bacteria, leading to periodontitis, bleeding gums, and, in the worst case, the loss of healthy teeth. Here are some tips to prevent tartar!

Brushing teeth twice a day

Regular and thorough brushing twice a day is a rule of thumb and it can help to prevent tartar. Brushing your teeth for a minimum of 3 minutes in the morning and evening will help prevent plaque build-up and prevent the formation of tartar. You may want to choose a small-headed toothbrush so you have access to all of your teeth.

Suitable toothbrush

We can choose from countless toothbrushes, from the traditional to the electric version. Patients’ often question whether to choose an electric or a conventional toothbrush. The good news is that both types of toothbrushes are great for cleaning your teeth properly, if it is used correctly. So feel free to choose what’s sympathetic for you. Take into account the size of the toothbrush: it is advisable to choose something with a soft bristle type, because by using this we can easily reach all teeth. A well-chosen toothbrush is one of our most effective tools in your daily oral care routine.

Fluoride toothpaste

The advantage of high fluoride toothpastes is that they have a significant anti-caries effect, which helps keeping tooth enamel intact. If a tooth is damaged, they also help stop further mineral loss. Fluoride toothpaste therefore not only helps in prevention, but can also restore enamel damage, so it is worth using.

Interdental cleaning

Unfortunately, even though we are professional toothbrushers, food debris and plaque remain in our gums even after the most thorough brushing. Therefore, it is recommended to use dental floss and mouthwash as part of our oral care routine.

By using dental floss, most of the diseases can be prevented in a large percentage. In order to keep our mouth clean, we can use mouthwash beside brushing and flossing. It is also useful because it reduces the activity of bacteria in our mouths, so it can be used to prevent tooth decay.

Keep your mouth clean

Eating habits

By reducing the daily amount of sugar, we can also take action against the formation of tartar, as the bacteria in our mouths are growing from sugar and starch. Strive to develop healthy eating habits, it not only helps to maintain the health of our teeth. If possible, drink water instead of soft drinks with an acidic pH. Consuming water is good for our teeth anyway, because if we drink enough water after a meal, it helps to minimize the amount of plaque.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

The issue of proper oral care is an eternal topic. Now that we spend a little more time at home, we have the opportunity to pay even more conscious attention to proper dental care techniques and to develop the essential habits associated with it.

Our health can also depend on our oral care habits

The condition of our teeth determines how we feel. Just think of an unexpected toothache…. how much inconvenience it can cause. What’s more, dental and oral problems can be predictors of diseases that can affect our entire body. This is why it is very important to follow basic oral care habits. Moreover it will avoid a lot of inconvenience as well and you can also prolong the dental visit with it.

Brushing routines as long as you #stayhome

Unfortunately, during your self-isolation period, our daily routine can be easily upset. Our morning habit of brushing our teeth before going to work may have been missed in the recent past. It is important not to leave this habit, just reschedule it! However, be sure to wait half an hour after the breakfast.

Anyway it may also be that we have no desire to brush our teeth, because of our numerous duties or whatever. To avoid this, refresh your brushing habits!

Brushing routines as long as you #stayhome

Make toothbrushing a fun program!

  • If you’re tired of brushing your teeth, get up! Listen to your favorite song or watch a funny video while brushing your teeth. You can even walk into the living room to entertain yourself with television during this time.
  • If you’re tired or just a little lazy, brush your teeth in the shower so you hit two birds with one stone!
  • Try the electric toothbrush because it will make the necessary movements for you. And you will be motivated by the power of novelty as well.
  • Remind yourself why it is important to brush your teeth twice a day. Look for motivational images on the net, for example, check out the smile of your favorite celebrity to encourage yourself!

Think about it! These daily minutes of dental care will save you from unpleasant dental interventions. Not to mention that brushing your teeth is one of the most rewarding investments in the long run.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

Gum inflammation is one of the most occured dental problems. If neglected, gum inflammation is dangerous because it can eventually lead to tooth loss. We’ve gathered some home practices for prevention or treat sudden symptoms until the next dental examination.

What causes gum inflammation?

The problem is most often caused by sticky plaque that settles on the gum tissue, making it an ideal place for bacteria to settle. They irritate the gums and cause painful inflammation.

Gum inflammation can also be caused by:

  • miss of vitamin,
  • allergy,
  • pregnancy,
  • improperly placed dentures or braces.

Symptoms of gum inflammation

Patients experience red, tender, swollen gums, bad breath, or bleeding gums.

Prevention of gum inflammation

The most effective way of prevention is a thorough and proper technique of brushing and regular tartar removal. The essence of proper technique is to perform circular and sweeping movements with the toothbrush, moving from the gums toward the teeth. Besides brushing your teeth, use dental floss or an <span id=”urn:enhancement-3cc8872c-fd07-47fb-a5c5-1de3eeab2e27″ class=”textannotation disambiguated wl-thing” itemid=””>interdental brush to get rid of bacterial colonies on your teeth. Since tartar is also ideal for bacteria, it is considered a hotbed of infection.

Home practices for gum inflammation

Salt-water rinsing: Salt has a strong disinfecting effect, and a salt-water rinsing also reduces the swelling, as it is able to extract the liquid in it. Preparation: Mix a spoon of common salt with a glass of lukewarm water and rinse the mouth thoroughly.

Tea made from sage: The herb has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. To date, it is the raw material for many dental medicines.

Aloe vera brush: A regenerating herb with antibacterial and antiviral effects, therefore it is also suitable for the treatment of gum inflammation when used as a brush.

Turmeric paste: Add a little water to a spoon of ground turmeric to form a spreadable paste. Apply this to the inflamed area and rinse off after a few minutes. The active ingredient in turmeric, curcumin, prevents the spread of inflammation through its anti-inflammatory properties.

Black tea: The tannins found in black tea have an anti-inflammatory effect. The used, previously cooled tea filter is placed on the inflamed area and removed after a quarter of an hour.

These therapies can help you get rid of the discomfort caused by gum inflammation effectively and naturally. However, it is important that if the symptoms do not improve after a week, we should s://”>see our dentist as soon as possible.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

During self-isolation, the daily routine is easily upset, but regular brushing should not be neglected! As a parent, keeping our child’s healthy dentures is our responsibility. How to make brushing an enjoyable program at home? We’ve brought you some tips!

Brushing your teeth can’t be started early enough!

There is a common misconception that you should start brushing your toddler’s teeth when all of them have grown out. Even a few months old baby’s gums need to be cleaned. Dental care habits should be made regular with the appearance of the first deciduous teeth.

In a short time, our child will learn the right brushing technique, however, it is worth checking until the age of six that the cleaning has been done thoroughly.

Synchronized brushing is an excellent way to educate your child about brushing his/her teeth independently. In this case you and child brush your teeth together.

Fun habit

Not all children can be easily persuaded to brush their teeth twice a day. However, parental supervision and motivation can encourage them to do this thoroughly. It helps a lot if our child feels brushing their teeth as a pleasant experience. Here are some tips.

Ideas to make brushing your child’s teeth more enjoyable

  • Today, we find a number of apps that help encourage our child to brush their teeth regularly while collecting virtual rewards.
  • There are also a number of brushing songs available online, from which we can choose. During brushing, listen to brushing songs together, which lasts at least 2 minutes, like this one:
  • Toothbrushes and toothpastes designed for children can also help. Let your child choose the best brush he or she likes.

Brushing teeth with role-playing games

Every child loves fairy tales, so we can come up with our own toothbrush fairy tale as well. The point is that you can only save the hero of the tale by brushing your teeth. Teeth can also be symbolized by animals or objects that need careful cleaning. You can also guess other characters, such as the Princess of Enamel or the evil hole-drilling dragons. Let’s not limit our imagination!

Dolls invented to develop brushing habits are also available in stores. But we can even buy a toothbrush as our child’s favorite toy. The point is, the little ones will be motivated by what happens to their favorite game and if the favorite games brush their teeth too, they will imitate.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

You may not be able to visit your orthodontist these days. We’ve collected what you can do on your own with home orthodontics.

Oral hygiene is crucial!

With fixed braces, it is important to brush your teeth thoroughly after every meal and before going to bed. It is important not to leave leftovers on the braces because it can also lead to dental problems.

It is also advisable to thoroughly clean the braces with a special toothbrush available for this purpose. The removable braces can also be cleaned with a toothbrush and toothpaste.

If it hurts during eating with braces

There may be days when eating with braces may hurt. In this case, it is worth eating foods that do not need to be chewed, like smoothies, cream soups or vegetables.

Ligation at home

  • If your surgery is closed for an extended period of time, ligation should continue at home. If you run out of rubber, you may inform the surgery.
  • The bracket may fall off during application of the ligature. If the rearmost lower bracket has fallen, place the rubber on the tooth in front of it, taking care to maintain symmetry.
  • It is also possible that several brackets will fall. If that doesn’t bother you, feel free to leave them on the particular arch. If it is uncomfortable, try removing both the rubber and the bracket.

The wire prickles!

If the wire prickles your mouth, you can safely cut off the given part of the wire. You can use a nail clipper or scissor. If you are afraid to do that, you can also try putting wax on it.

Covid19: Our practice remains open to offer help to patients in a dental emergency. Click here to find our opening hours.

Due to the epidemiological situation, you may not be able to visit your surgery immediately if you have a dental problem. We’ve collected some tips to help you to survive with less pain until your next consultation.

Toothache, decayed teeth, and inflamed gums

In the case of decayed teeth, you can survive with painkillers for a few days, but you should visit your dentist as soon as possible. Pain is most common at night, so sleeping on a higher pillow can help, as lying causes pain in your head due to the increased blood supply.

In case of gingivitis, the disinfectant mouthwashescan help with healing, these are available in pharmacies and drug stores. The following herbs have painkiller properties: sage, thyme, marigold, and yarrow, as well as arnica. We recommend myrrh for inflammation and eucalyptus has a disinfectant effect.

Abscess, or wound in the mouth

Because of the large number of sensory nerves in the mouth, even a small wound can be extremely painful during eating and drinking. Until you can go to your dentist for a consultation, painkillers are the only solution supplemented with a cold compress.

Loss of dental filling or bridge

In no case should chewing gum be replaced in place of a lost filling, this is just an urban legend. Unfortunately, there is no substitute for a filling, but it is useful to use clove oil cotton wool over the filling, which has an anti-inflammatory effect.

An unpleasant situation when the bridge used for dental prosthesis falls out of our mouth. Reattachment of the prosthesis is recommended only if it is absolutely necessary, but it is forbidden to leave this prosthesis at night as it may lead to suffocation.

Broken tooth

If the entire tooth has broken, there is a chance to replace it by your dentist later. This is possible only if you can keep it wet in saltwater or milk. However, if only a piece of your tooth has broken, it is not worth keeping it.

We will keep you informed about the updated information about Covid-19 and our practice here and on our Facebook page. Please call us on 020 8124 6138 or send an email to to help our team reschedule your appointment.

Spring is upon us. How about letting the excitement and anticipation of the season motivate you to improve your oral hygiene habits? Spring is the perfect season to refresh your oral routine and approach it with new vigour.

The dental professionals at Forest & Ray suggest you start your oral hygiene spring program by:

Renewing Old Equipment

If your toothbrush is showing wear and tear, it’s time to replace it. Or maybe it’s high-time to look at an electric toothbrush to keep your mouth fresh and your smile bright. These hi-tech gizmos are designed to get at the pesky particle lodged deep between teeth and gums.

Flossing, Flossing, Flossing

As efficient as electric toothbrushes are, nothing compares to a good daily flossing for getting at the small stubborn food particles that they miss. So, in addition to vigorous brushing for two minutes twice a day, be sure to floss. It is suggested that you use about 18 inches of floss per day so spring is a good time to take stock of your supply.

If flossing with string turns you off, upgrade to a water flosser to get the job done better than string-flossing, some experts say.

Replacing Toothpaste and Mouthwash

When spring comes around, ditch your toothpaste and mouthwash and start anew!

Did you know that even oral health tools, like toothpaste and mouthwash, have an expiration date? Most mouthwashes and toothpaste include a number of ingredients to ensure adequate cleaning, fluoridation, and to avoid plaque build-up and freshen breath. Each ingredient helps determine whether a product is still active.

At Forest & Ray, we recommend toothpaste that contains fluoride to help strengthen the enamel of teeth. Mouthwashes are also available with fluoride but, be cautious of choosing mouthwash with alcohol if there are young children in the house.

Eating Right

The onset of spring and with it our increased activity usually is accompanied by a desire to wat better. That’s good news for your teeth because good eating and good oral hygiene go hand-in-hand. A well-balanced diet that includes grains, fish, veggies, and fruits are especially good for your teeth. These food items tend to alleviate the risk of tooth decay and other dental problems. Some researchers also believe that omega-3 fats found in fish may decrease inflammation and can lessen the risk of gum diseases.

Eating right
Eating right

Scheduling A Check-up

Spring is the time to schedule your dental cleanings and check-ups for the year! Regularly visiting you Forest & Ray dentist, at least twice each year, helps to ensure your oral health is in its best possible shape and address any problems that might be developing. Your regular dental visit typically includes a check-up of all teeth, digital X-rays, and cleaning to get you started right for the new season! Dental visits can keep decay away, your gums healthy, and your breath fresh, and your smile looking its best!

So don’t delay. Be proactive and schedule your “spring cleaning” appointment with us. We’re waiting for you in our convenient, centre-city location. Your smile will thank you!

Congratulations on getting your dental implants. Now you can once again be proud of your radiant smile. Good oral hygiene will ensure that your investment in implants is protected as well as contributing to an overall healthy body.


You must take care of your dental implants as you would if they were your natural teeth. Brushing in the morning after you wake up eliminates morning breath and removes bacteria that have built up in the mouth overnight. Brushing in the evening before bedtime helps remove bacteria that have built up throughout the day and reduces the risk for plaque buildup and decay overnight. Many dentists encourage brushing after every meal, or anytime during the day as needed to remove food debris and bacteria. But strive to brush at least twice a day.


Since dental implants are the next best thing to natural teeth, you should treat them hygienically in the same way you would your natural teeth. That means flossing daily in addition to rigorous brushing a couple of times during the day. But how you floss is very important.

But be sure not to skimp on quality when purchasing dental floss. Inferior, weak floss has the potential to shred and get stuck between the gingiva and the implant. Floss particles that have been left behind due to shredding have been linked to cases of peri-implantitis, which could lead to loss of dentition or other complications. In addition, you should floss in a manner that we at Forest & Ray prescribe.

Why? Natural teeth attach to the bone by periodontal ligaments that surround the tooth and act as a protective barrier against invading bacteria. Dental implants, though natural-looking, lack a self-limiting process that exists in the tissues around natural teeth. Instead of being attached to the implant, the surrounding tissue creates a protective seal that can be easily broken with aggressive flossing. Ask us about a proper flossing technique with dental implants.

Alternative to Flossing: Interdental Brushes

There is a solution to the potential damage that incorrect flossing can bring about. Interdental brushes are an effective tool for preventing dental problems and an effective alternative to string flossing. Choose a brush size (typically 0.4mm to 1.5mm) that fits between your teeth comfortably without using much force. You may find you need a couple of different sizes but the best way to find out is to ask our Forest & Ray dentist or hygienists the next time you have an appointment.

  1. Hold the interdental brush between your thumb and forefinger.
  2. Gently place the brush through the gap between your teeth – don’t force the brush through the gap.
  3. Brush in and out of each space between your teeth.

Other benefits of interdental brushes are they are easier to use than string floss and do a better job of cleaning between the teeth. And floss may do okay on the front teeth but what about the harder to get at other teeth? Interdental brushes work better on them. Last but not least, as we age we lose manual dexterity which can make flossing a chore as it is difficult to grasp the fine thread. Most interdental brushes come with a handle for easier use.

Regardless of which you choose, dental experts recommend that you brush with your regular toothbrush first before using floss or interdental brushes as brushing first will loosen any stubborn food particles.

More Ways to Care for Your Dental Implants

Dental implants and overdentures cannot decay but your gums and supporting bone remain subject to bacterial decay, inflammation, and infection without proper dental implant care. Here are additional tips that can help prolong the life of your dental implants:

  • Visit your dentist regularly for deep cleaning. Regular dental checkups and professional cleaning allow your dentist to confirm that your implants and overdentures are functioning properly, and that you are maintaining good oral health.
  • Avoid abrasive cleaning products. Stiff- or hard-bristled toothbrushes, baking soda, and strong cleansers are examples of abrasive cleaning products that may permanently damage your new teeth.
  • Avoid using bleach and chlorine cleansers. Oral products that contain bleach may weaken dentures and change their colour, while chlorine-based solutions can tarnish and corrode the metal parts of implants.
  • Avoid chewing on hard items. Ice cubes, hard candies, and pencils are examples of items that may break your implants.
  • Seek treatment for teeth grinding. Teeth grinding, also known as bruxism, can put excess pressure on dental implants and cause lasting damage.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking can weaken and inflame the gums, and can stain your new teeth.

Learn more about dental implants and oral hygiene from the dental pros at Forest & Ray. We have sent countless patients on the journey to the perfect smile. Why not you? Contact us today!

Regardless if you are a child, teen, or adult who wears braces and plays sports, it’s important that you protect that investment you’ve made in your quest for the perfect smile. The reason is simple: mouth injuries are common in many sports.

For starters,  any sports-playing, braces wearer should first and foremost wear a mouthguard if playing a sport where the possibility of a hit to the mouth exists. But don’t choose just any mouthguard. Your Forest & Ray orthodontic experts recommend an orthodontic mouthguard  as this is particularly suitable for braces-wearing athletes.

What Is an Orthodontic Mouth Guard?

Unlike sports mouthguards which are made of hard plastic which could still cause damage to your teeth during impact, an orthodontic mouthguard is made from silicone which is more comfortable to wear. Not only does the orthodontic mouth guard prevent your lips from bumping up against your teeth, it also protects the brackets of your braces.

These mouthguards are designed to be larger than the traditional sports mouth guard in order to have more space for the braces and protect not only your braces, but your teeth, gums and jaw. Don’t try to use your old mouth guard in place of this orthodontic one. Most likely it won’t fit, but even if it does, it can cause serious damage if you get hit in your mouth while wearing it. Why risk delaying your treatment or worse irreversible damage to your teeth and mouth?

You can get an orthodontic mouthguard at any sporting goods store or order it directly from your orthodontist. Needless to say, you may begin your search on the Internet as well. There are a variety of types to choose from so you will have no problem finding one that meets your budget and needs. But when it comes to braces protection, don’t skimp. While you can get an over the counter version of a boil and bite mouthguard, as your teeth shift during treatment, it won’t fit as well which means it won’t be as effective in protecting your teeth. The benefit of choosing to get it from your orthodontist is that she will make an impression of your mouth that will be used to make the mouthguard. This way it will fit your mouth perfectly.

How to Care For Your Mouth Guard

Cleaning your mouthguard is similar to if you have a retainer or Invisalign aligners. It is important that you clean it every day because bacteria and fungi can grow on it if not cared for properly.

Most orthodontic mouthguards can be cleaned with toothpaste or rinsed with an anti-microbial solution. Get in the habit of cleaning them before and after you wear them to keep them the freshest and always keep them in their case while you are not wearing them.

If your mouthguard starts to get cracks from overuse or gets damaged by impact, you will need to replace it right away. Always keep your orthodontist abreast of what is going on.

Care For Your Mouth Guard
Care For Your Mouth Guard

Injured While Wearing Braces? What To Do

If you hurt your mouth while playing sports and are wearing braces at the time, don’t hesitate to call our orthodontist right away and describe what happened. We will let you know if an emergency appointment is necessary. Common injuries include broken brackets, bleeding gums and fractured or dislodged teeth. Remember that any trauma to the mouth that is left untreated can lead to complications in your treatment and overall dental health.

Besides correcting the damage done to your mouth and braces, our orthodontist will also inspect the mouth guard to make sure it is still in good shape after the impact. If it is a really serious injury, go right to the emergency room. They will have an on-call dentist who can help triage the situation and then you can see your orthodontist later for follow-up care.

Periodontal disease (Periodontitis) is inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth and is also sometimes just referred to as gum disease though it is much more serious.  Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss.

How Do You Get Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build- up on the teeth and harden. There are many risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; medications that lessen the flow of saliva.

Early Warning Signs

  • Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing.
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums.
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
  • Receding gums.
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums.

Diagnosis And Treatment

When you visit us at Forest & Ray, a dentist or dental hygienist will:

  • Examine your gums and note any signs of inflammation.
  • Use a tiny ruler called a “probe” to check for and measure any pockets around the teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pockets is usually between 1 and 3 millimetres. This test for pocket depth is usually painless.
  • Ask about your medical history to identify conditions or risk factors (such as smoking or diabetes) that may contribute to gum disease

A Forest & Ray dental professional may also:

  • Take an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss.
  • Refer you to a periodontist. Periodontists are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and may provide you with treatment options that are not offered by your dentist.


The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviours, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results.

Healthy gum

What Can I Do To Prevent it?

You can keep your gums and teeth healthy by:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Flossing regularly to remove plaque from between teeth. Or, you can use a device such as a special brush, wooden or plastic pick, or a “water flosser” recommended by a dental professional.
  • Visiting us routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.
  • Quitting smoking.

Chances are, if you are seeing your Forest & Ray dentist twice yearly and following our directions, you will never develop periodontal disease or other serious gum diseases. Still, it is good to know that you can turn to us if you do develop such symptoms. Why not make an appointment to see us?  We are conveniently located in the heart of London and offer very accommodating visiting hours. Contact us today!

Periodontitis is inflammation of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth and is also sometimes just characterized as gum disease though it is much more serious. It is one of the most common human diseases. Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria.

There are stages of the disease from early to advanced. The good news is that, if treated early it can be arrested. But, if not properly treated, it can result in tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. Another bit of good news is that we dental experts at Forest & Ray are trained and equipped to handle any periodontitis or pre-periodontitis conditions.

May Begin As Gingivitis

Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually precedes periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. In the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque build-up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or other tissue damage has occurred at this stage.

The important thing to remember is that when gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis.

Types of Periodontitis

There are several different types of periodontitis. The more common types include those below.

Chronic periodontitis is the most common type, affecting mostly adults, though children can be affected, too. This type is caused by plaque buildup and involves slow deterioration that may improve and get worse over time but causes destruction in the gums and bone and loss of teeth if not treated.

Aggressive periodontitis usually begins in childhood or early adulthood and affects only a small number of people. It tends to affect families and causes rapid progression of bone and tooth loss if untreated.

Necrotizing periodontal disease is characterized by the death of gum tissue, tooth ligaments and supporting bone caused by lack of blood supply (necrosis), resulting in severe infection. This type generally occurs in people with a suppressed immune system — such as from HIV infection, cancer treatment or other causes — and malnutrition.

Early Warning Signs

  • Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing.
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums.
  • Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
  • Receding gums.
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums.
  • Loose or shifting teeth.

Treating/Preventing Periodontitis

Good Oral Hygiene

The main aim of treatment is to clean out bacteria from the pockets around the teeth and prevent further destruction of bone and tissue.Good oral hygiene should be followed daily, even if the teeth and gums are healthy, to prevent infection. Proper dental care involves brushing teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day. If there is enough space between the teeth, an interdental brush is recommended. Soft-picks can be used when the space between the teeth is smaller. Patients with arthritis and others with dexterity problems may find that using an electric toothbrush is better for a thorough cleaning. Periodontitis is a chronic, or long-term, inflammatory disease. If good oral hygiene is not maintained, it will recur.

Scaling and Cleaning

It is important to remove plaque and calculus to restore periodontal health. A healthcare professional will carry out scaling and debridement to clean below the gumline. This may be done using hand tools or an ultrasonic device that breaks up the plaque and calculus. Root planing is done to smooth rough areas on the roots of the teeth. Bacteria can lodge within the rough patches, increasing the risk of gum disease. Depending on how much plaque and calculus there is, this may take one or two visits. Cleaning is normally recommended twice a year, and possibly more often, depending on how much plaque accumulates.



Many medicated mouthwashes and other treatments are available.

Prescription antimicrobial mouth rinse, such as chlorhexidine: This is used to control bacteria when treating gum disease and after surgery. Patients use it as they would a regular mouthwash.

Antiseptic chip: This is a small piece of gelatin that is filled with chlorhexidine. It controls bacteria and reduces periodontal pocket size. It is placed in the pockets after root planing. The medication is slowly resealed over time.

Antibiotic gel: This gel contains doxycycline, an antibiotic. It helps control bacteria and shrink periodontal pockets. It is placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing. It is a slow-release medication.

Antibiotic microspheres: Very small particles containing minocycline, an antibiotic, are placed into pockets after scaling and root planing. This slow-release medication is also used to control bacteria and reduce periodontal pocket size.

Enzyme suppressant: This keeps destructive enzymes in check with a low-dose of doxycycline. Some enzymes can break down gum tissue, but this medication can delay the body’s enzyme response. It is taken orally, as a pill, and it is used with scaling and root planing.

Oral antibiotics: Available in capsule or tablet form, these are taken orally. They are used short-term for the treatment of acute or locally persistent periodontal infection.

Chances are, if you are seeing your Forest & Ray dentist twice yearly and following our directions, you will never develop periodontitis or other serious gum diseases. Still, it is good to know that you can turn to us if you do encounter such problems. Why not make an appointment to see us today?

In a nutshell, orthodontic dentistry is critical to good oral and overall health whilst cosmetic dentistry—such as teeth whitening—is not critical. The primary goal of orthodontic dentistry is to fix the patient’s teeth and set them in the right place. The orthodontist is mainly concerned with the treatment of improper bites and crooked teeth. The patient’s appearance—a reason for cosmetic dentistry—is secondary to good oral health in orthodontic treatment.

The fact that Orthodontic treatment is recommended as early as age 7 is just one fact that dispels the myth that this treatment is only undertaken for cosmetic reasons which usually prevails later in life.  The earlier it is performed, the better. Orthodontics is so much more than mere cosmetic dentistry. Though the result of this treatment might be considered cosmetic dentistry to some, the primary goal of orthodontic treatment is more fundamental than cosmetic dentistry.

Why Should I Get Orthodontic Treatment?

If teeth are misaligned and don’t meet correctly, there can be a strain on the jaw which can result in headaches. Crooked teeth or teeth that are not aligned properly or spaces between the teeth will affect biting and chewing but other problems may also be present. Difficulty in swallowing and breathing may persist and even speech may be impaired.  Not to disparage cosmetic dentistry because having beautiful straight teeth is important and attractive. But there are more crucial things to consider such as the need to address and alleviate any potential health problems associated with the teeth or jaw.

The Benefits of Orthodontics

  • Correct facial imbalance when teeth are crooked or misaligned.
  • Correct breathing issues or swallowing
  • Improve speaking
  • Make chewing and biting easier

Cosmetic Treatment Options

The benefits of cosmetic dentistry include improved appearance and, thus, heightened self-esteem. Let’s look at what kinds of popular cosmetic dentistry options available to you at Forest & Ray:
White fillings– Replace the ugly, outdated, dark amalgam fillings with attractive looking, aesthetically pleasing white fillings that blend with your teeth.  We use the very latest materials for white fillings, as there have been significant advances in strength and durability in recent years.

  • Teeth WhiteningThis popular treatment can usually be done in a single session or a series of sessions. Our modern techniques will make discoloured teeth and stains a thing of the past.
  • Dental BondingWhen the damage is more severe, we recommend –and patients often opt for –dental bonding. In this procedure, the tooth is roughed a little in preparation, and a special tooth coloured resin is bonded to the surface. This is set using UV light and then trimmed into shape and polished to match the surrounding teeth. It may only take an hour for each tooth—an important consideration for the buy person.
  • Porcelain VeneersThese are a step up from dental bonding as they are a more durable, permanent solution. Porcelain veneers represent perhaps the greatest cost-savings for you. They can be used to improve the look of teeth, filling gaps and straightening the appearance of crooked teeth to provide that perfect smile.
  • Tooth Reshaping- This–the most artistic dentistry procedure– can also be done in a minimum of the scheduled time. It requires all the skills available from Forest & Ray’s expert dentists as the crooked, chipped or oversized teeth are subtly sculpted into a more pleasing size and shape. Our skilled dental practitioners can achieve amazing results using simple sanding strips moved between the teeth to fine-tune their shape and alignment.

So, orthodontists and cosmetic dentists both help patients improve their oral health and boost their confidence and self-esteem. At Forest & Ray’s Dental Clinic, regardless of orthodontics or cosmetics, you don’t have to sacrifice quality while you enjoy your beautiful new smile. Contact us today!

The holidays are upon us again. While we may enjoy time off from work or school, tooth decay doesn’t take a vacation. That’s why you must not ignore your dental health.  Instead, you should step up your oral hygiene regimen.

Why? Well, picture this holiday scene: Your house is alive with Christmas chatter and Christmas cheer. The festively decorated table, laden with goodies, is groaning under the weight of the Christmas culinary delights and sugary treats as your mouth waters in anticipation. With so many temptations on the table and so many distractions around us, it is easy to back-slide when it comes to your dental health.

Eating Right At Holiday Time

If you’re not careful, holidays foods can lead to gum disease and tooth decay. Foods high in carbohydrates, sugars, and starches greatly contribute to the production of plaque acids that attack the tooth enamel. Eventually, these acids can cause tooth enamel to break down, forming a cavity. A good rule of thumb for good dental health is to avoid sugary, syrupy, and fatty foods and drink. Innocent-looking eggnog is not so innocent as it contains loads of sugars, acids, and fats which are harmful to your teeth and your body. Acid-laden citrus fruits and tomato-based sauces can also lead to tooth decay.

And be careful with candies—especially the hard items, and especially if you wear braces or have dentures. Hard candies can crack your teeth if you bite down on them in the wrong way. If you do have to eat candies, instead of biting, let them dissolve in your mouth.  Some experts suggest you switch to veggies or create games designed to deflect from all the eating options.

But, face it: you’re going to enjoy some of these holiday treats. So, be extra vigilant and attentive to good oral hygiene. Be certain to brush your teeth after eating sugary foods of any kind, and only eat them in moderation, if at all. Consider brushing and flossing 3x a day during the holidays instead of your usual routine.

Make a New Year’s Resolution: A New Smile, Or Keeping The Same One
Make a New Year’s Resolution: A  New Smile, Or Keeping The Same One

Make a New Year’s Resolution: A  New Smile, Or Keeping The Same One

At this time of year, many people look forward to the brand-new year and make promises to themselves about how they are going to make it a special year. How about you? Make this the year that you finally get the dental work that you have been putting off and get started on creating that great new smile. If you come to us we will tell you about ways to maintain your dental health.

We will be happy to explain to you in detail the many procedures and treatments which we offer. For example, you will learn which are best suited for your mouth to ensure that 2020 is a good dental health year for you. Contact us and come in to see us soon!

As it relates to dental treatment in the U.K under the auspices of the NHS, there is a crisis. Dentistry provided by the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom is supposed to ensure that dental treatment is available to the whole population and therein may lay the problem: too many prospective patients and too few dentists working on NHS patients. That is a recipe for disaster.

More than 2 million adults in England are unable to see an NHS dentist, BBC analysis suggests. They include an estimated 1.45 million who have tried and failed to get an NHS appointment in two years with the rest on waiting lists or put off by the cost. Another 2 million assume they cannot get care where they live, suggesting nearly one in 10 miss out overall. And no region is spared the indignity and inconvenience of poor NHS dental care. And worse, it is those who need dental care the most who are affected by the poor performance of the NHS.

Highlighting The Poor NHS Performance

In June 2015 The consumer group contacted 500 dental surgeries listed on the official NHS Choices website and found that 31% of them were refusing to take on any new NHS patients. They called for the Competition and Markets Authority to intervene to ensure dentists were complying with rules. The British Dental Health Foundation’s, HealthWatch England, said that in some parts of England only a fifth of surgeries were accepting new NHS patients. The chair of the British Dental Association, said the “byzantine system” had failed dentists and patients.

The BDA said that the 2006 contract did not meet its purpose of improving access to NHS dentistry and concentrating on prevention, and had been criticised by patient groups, government, the Health Select Committee and the Chief Dental Officers for England and Wales. In January 2016, more than 400 dentists signed a letter arguing that the NHS dental system in England is unfit for purpose and are whistleblowing publicly, to warn and expose the centralised failings to develop a proper national dental health and prevention strategy.

Alternatives to NHS Dental Care

Health Secretary, Matt Hancock, told patients who cannot access NHS dentistry to embrace private dental care, the BDA claims. More and more prospective patients are looking to quality private dental clinics like Forest & Ray to cope with a lack of NHS places.

Dentistry has always been a mixed market anyway, industry experts say, with some people paying and others on the NHS. While that system has worked for some time, the increase in demand by patients for dental care has swamped the NHS. Patients are finding private clinics like Forest & Ray to be an affordable alternative. And because our caring professionals are sensitive to your needs, we offer budget-friendly financing packages.

It’s good to know that even should the NHS  funding continue to fall and thus continue failing to deliver prompt, convenient dental care, you can always rely on dental clinics like Forest & Ray to fill the void affordably.


Dental plaque is a biofilm or mass of bacteria that grows on surfaces within the mouth. It is a sticky colourless deposit at first, but when it forms tartar, it is often brown or pale yellow. It can develop on teeth above the gum line (supragingival), below the gum line on the roots of teeth (subgingival) and along the gum line (gingival). 

Signs & Symptoms of Plaque Build-up

That is why preventing plaque build-up and paying attention to plaque removal is so critical.

It is hard escaping plaque but, as you will read, the build-up can be prevented. Everyone develops plaque because bacteria are constantly growing in our mouths, so it is not easy to see. Plaque that is not removed from around the gum line can cause inflammation and irritation to the gums around your teeth.

Questions And Answers About Plaque

What Causes Plaque and Why Is It Harmful?

  • Plaque develops when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), such as milk, soft drinks, raisins, cakes, or candy are frequently left on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth thrive on these foods, producing acids as a result.  Over time, these acids destroy tooth enamel, resulting in tooth decay. Plaque can also develop on the tooth roots under the gum and cause a breakdown of the bone supporting the tooth.

How do you get plaque off your teeth?

  • A good rule of thumb is:  Floss, floss, floss. No matter how good you are with a toothbrush, dental floss is the only way to remove plaque between your teeth and keep tartar out of these hard-to-reach areas. You can also use an interdental brush instead of or in addition to flossing.
  • Rinse daily. Use an antiseptic mouthwash daily to help kill bacteria that cause plaque.

Other suggestions:

Ask us at Forest & Ray if a dental sealant is appropriate for you. Dental sealants are a thin, plastic coating that are painted on the chewing surfaces of teeth to protect them from cavities and decay.

We will recommend that you  eat a balanced diet and limit the number of between-meal snacks. If you need a snack, choose nutritious foods such as plain yogurt, cheese, fruit, or raw vegetables. Vegetables, such as celery, help remove food and help saliva neutralize plaque-causing acids.

Remember also that professional care is important. Visit your Forest & Ray dental professional twice yearly for a thorough cleaning. That—along with the suggestions above –will keep your teeth healthy and preserve your beautiful smile.

The short answer is that you are never too old for Invisalign. Regardless of age, as long as your teeth are healthy, Invisalign can help straighten them. Taking action—even later in life– can help prevent future oral health problems, including bad breath, bleeding gums, and tooth loss. Therefore, these invisible braces are an ideal choice, especially for adults who’ve always wanted a winning smile.

Braces After 50: Not Just Cosmetic

As we age, teeth move and change, suffering wear and tear from biting and chewing. Gradual bone loss in the jaw can push teeth inwards, crowding them and sometimes affecting the way we speak. Crooked teeth and poorly aligned bites aren’t just cosmetic concerns. They’re associated with increased gum and bone loss, tooth decay, erosion of tooth enamel, headaches and jaw joint pain.

While older patients often embark on orthodontic treatments to revamp their pearly whites, many end up in the orthodontist’s chair after learning that improving their smile can also improve their health—physical health and mental well-being as great teeth boost self-esteem.

Invisalign: A Forest & Ray Staple

At the Forest & Ray dental clinic, we are proud to offer Invisalign as it is the most recognizable brand of clear aligners in the world. Besides correcting teeth that are crooked, gapped, or crowded, Invisalign also rectifies abnormal bite functions, when the upper and lower jaws fail to come together properly.

A big reason why adults–even older ones– choose Invisalign is the time factor. Ordinarily, you’d have to wear braces for a couple of years. Invisalign, on the other hand, can often be completed in about a year. Working adults find this appealing because it’s less disruptive to their busy schedules and requires fewer appointments over time. Even retired adults enjoy the benefits of a shorter treatment time and invisible, removable appliances because they don’t interfere with their many leisure-time activities.

Smile with clear aligners

And Invisalign Clear Braces Look Better

Metal braces can cause the appearance of the mouth to be unattractive, as though it is filled with awkward chunks of unsightly metal.  They are noticeable, especially on an adult, and can get food caught in them without the wearer even being aware of it.  Invisalign clear braces are barely noticeable. They are almost invisible braces.  They look very much as though the person wearing them is not wearing braces at all.

Put simply, they are more attractive than metal braces and therefore confidence-boosting. Does the thought of glinting metal on your teeth put you off? If so, then the Invisalign System may be your better teeth-straightening option and the best way for an older adult to achieve that perfect smile.

An Affordable Adult Alternative

Invisalign treatment offers distinct advantages over conventional metal braces for adults.  And you will find them surprisingly affordable and well worth the cost.—even more so if you qualify for the Forest & Ray Financing Plan.

Invisalign aligners are more comfortable than metal braces, pose fewer risks to teeth and gums, and provide beautiful smiles much faster. But more importantly for adults, they do this invisibly! If your age was the only thing holding you back from getting straighter teeth, it is no longer the case.  So now that you know –even at your age—that you are a candidate for Invisalign, you should book a consultation with the Forest & Ray clinic. Why not contact us today!

Our goal is to keep our patients happy with our services, so we’ll summarize our booking and appointment information below.

In order to secure your first appointment a deposit is required.

In order to secure longer appointments than 60 minutes deposit may be required.

Your appointment will be approved if you have received an email confirmation.

Please confirm your appointment, even if only by e-mail.

If you cannot attend the appointment, please let us know asap, but at least 48 hours prior to your scheduled appointment. Cancellations are only considered valid if confirmed via e-mail.

Late cancellations or no-shows will be subject to a cancellation fee (£50/30 mins).

We would like to inform you that the duration of dental treatment is not easily predictable, every patient and every appointment is unique. This may cause appointment delays. Please make sure you have enough time so that your time in the waiting room and in the chair comes with the least inconvenience possible. If your appointment can only start with a significant delay, you will be informed by phone prior to the appointment.




There are pros and cons to whitening your teeth in-office or at home. For great results fast, in-office whitening is ideal as it will only take one to two hours. Home teeth whitening, on the other hand, may take two weeks of one to two hour daily applications. Some patients start with in-office and continue the teeth whitening at home. 

Both teeth whitening procedures ultimately produce the same result- a beautiful, confident smile.  Regardless of your choice, the dentist needs to evaluate initial tooth colour, areas of enamel wear, and existing restorations to pick the correct form of whitening for each patient. It is definitely the fastest way to whiter teeth and– face it– everyone would like things to be as quick and as easy as possible. That’s why in-office treatment was created.

The In-Office, At Home Advantage

When having your teeth whitened in the office, there is no preparation for you, no homework, no fuss, no muss is involved. Just show up! And while all treatments work, some work better and some last longer. Many have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in- office and take-home products.

The combination of both office and home whitening works well. If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.   But, if you are looking for the WHITEST that your teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best. The professional, human element is the key to whiter teeth safely. So, don’t be tempted to buy kits over-the-counter or on the Internet. Not only are they not made to fit your mouth exactly, it may be that bleaching isn’t suitable for you, especially if you have gum disease or crowns.

The In-Office, At Home Advantage
The In-Office, At Home Advantage

When Considering Home Teeth Whitening

There is absolutely no difference between the whitening gels sold online or from the dentist. So it is best to purchase whitening gel from an online teeth whitening retailer with a dentist’s guidance. Professional supervision, therefore, ensures effectiveness and safety. That’s why whitening teeth at home is big business. But there are a wide range of options for consumers to choose from. The most important thing to look for in at-home kits is that they fit the size and shape of your teeth. Example, whitening strips are straight across and your teeth are scalloped.

Next, make sure the at-home bleaching kits cover your whole tooth otherwise you will have two-toned teeth or irritated gums. This is just another reason why whitening teeth at home is best done with a dentist’s oversight. Not to mention that the dentist is in the perfect place to examine your teeth for any existing problems- such as gum disease- before you begin your home teeth whitening. Typically, at home whitening systems get your teeth up to 2-6 shades whiter with nightly treatment. The in-office treatment may get your teeth about 8 shades whiter.

So, going the over-the-counter (OTC) route may not give you the dramatic whitening results that you desire. Even if you’re planning on using OTC home teeth whitening kits, you should consult us because only the dentist can provide pivotal insight about how effective whitening may be given your specific mouth. Also, if you’ve decided to go it alone, be careful. When using the over-the-counter bleaches, there is a chance your teeth may get over-bleached. Professional Forest & Ray advice beforehand can prevent this from occurring.

When you factor in the time element and the many materials you have to buy if whitening at home, you will discover there is not a great deal of difference between the two whitening options. But, either way, it is recommended that the best time to begin an at-home whitening regimen is after a professional dental cleaning. This can help you achieve the best results.

So… when beginning your teeth whitening quest and trying to decide whether the dentist’s chair or at home is better. Start with a consultation and possibly a cleaning with us at Forest & Ray. We will demystify the teeth whitening mystery. We are conveniently located for you in the heart of the city. Contact us today!

Wisdom teeth are often called the third molars. They become problematic when they become impacted.  When impacted, wisdom teeth — which are at the back of the mouth – do not have enough room to emerge or develop normally.

Some Wisdom Teeth Background

Wisdom teeth are believed to be “evolutionary relics,” and were helpful to our distant ancestors who ate diets that consisted of rougher foods like sticks and reed plants. As teeth wore down or fell out, wisdom teeth provided replacements. Nowadays, with modern advancements in oral hygiene and softer diets, we don’t need these replacement teeth, but they still grow in. Essentially, our mouths can hold 28 teeth, but including wisdom teeth, we have about 32 teeth all vying for space. Wisdom teeth symptoms such as overcrowding, bone and nerve damage, infection, etc. can all result.

Wisdom teeth could be as useful as any of your other teeth, but because they are in the very back of the mouth, they often don’t have enough room to grow in. It’s not unusual for wisdom teeth to be positioned crooked or sideways in the jaw, keeping them from erupting into the mouth properly. They are also the final teeth to erupt; they usually appear when a person is in their late teens or early twenties.

Impacted wisdom teeth are a state in which the jaw bone or neighbouring teeth block the teeth from erupting. They become trapped in place as their roots continue to elongate, and the longer they remain impacted, the more likely they are to cause problems for your oral and general health.

The Problems Caused By Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Impacted wisdom teeth are prone to developing cysts (pockets of fluid) around them, which can damage the tooth and surrounding tissues, including bone. In rare cases, tumours can form around these cysts, complicating wisdom teeth extraction. The longer you hold off on seeking wisdom tooth pain relief, the more likely it is that you will require a more invasive surgical extraction procedure, or that the problematic teeth will permanently damage surrounding tissues.

It is also possible for your wisdom teeth to partially emerge from underneath the gums. In this position, it’s relatively easy for bacteria to enter through the opening around the tooth. By not seeking wisdom tooth pain relief, it’s more likely that you will experience infection. Infection will result in increased wisdom tooth pain, redness, swelling, jaw pain, stiffness and general illness. It is very easy for oral infections to enter the bloodstream and affect the entire body.

The Problems Caused By Impacted Wisdom Teeth
The Problems Caused By Impacted Wisdom Teeth

What To Do About Problem Wisdom Teeth

The most common treatment for problematic wisdom teeth symptoms is the extraction of the teeth. Wisdom teeth extraction is generally done at a dentist’s or oral surgeon’s office under local or general anaesthesia. These options and any complications will be discussed before the extraction procedure. If your wisdom teeth have already erupted through the surface of the gums, they can be removed relatively easily as if they were any other tooth. Impacted wisdom teeth can be a little more complicated to remove, however. An incision is made through the surface of the gum above the tooth. After that, any bone covering the tooth needs to be removed. Then the tooth itself is extracted; sometimes, your dentist or surgeon will need to cut the tooth into several pieces to salvage as much bone as possible and avoid unnecessarily cutting bone or risking nerves and delicate tissues. Wisdom teeth extraction is a common procedure and is likely the best solution to relieve your wisdom teeth symptoms.

A Final Word On Wisdom Teeth

While you can’t prevent an impaction from occurring, you can keep your regular six-month dental appointments with us for cleaning and check-ups. This enables us to monitor the growth and emergence of your wisdom teeth. Regularly updated dental X-rays may indicate impacted wisdom teeth before any symptoms develop.

Today, we are often are proactive and seek to remove wisdom teeth in anticipation of the many dangers and discomfort they may pose later. That is why it is important to talk to us– the dental professionals at Forest & Ray– to get advice and guidance on what is the best course of action for your teeth. Our state-of-the-art clinic is conveniently located in the heart of London and can serve all your dental needs. Contact us today for an appointment!

Dental crowns, sometimes called dental caps, are used to protect weak teeth, restore broken teeth, prevent cracked teeth from breaking further, and support teeth that have large fillings. Crowns are also used to hold dental bridges in place.

An Effective Solution

If teeth are badly damaged, cracked, broken, or misshapen, the dental professionals at Forest & Ray have found that dental crowns are the most effective solution. Tooth crowns restore the shape, strength, functionality, and appearance of a damaged tooth. After you have one placed, you’ll be able to use your tooth to chew again without risking damage to what’s underneath it. Crowns protect the vulnerable part of the tooth by physically holding it together and shielding it from damage.

What Are The Most Widely Used Types Of Crowns?

The main difference between different kinds of dental crowns is the internal structure used to make them.

  • Metals used in crowns include gold, palladium, nickel, or chromium. Metal crowns rarely chip or break, last the longest in terms of wear down, and only require a small amount of tooth to be removed. They can also withstand biting and chewing forces. The metallic colour is the main drawback. Metal crowns are a good choice for out-of-sight molars.
  • Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns can be matched to the colour of the teeth beside them. They have a more natural tooth colour. However, sometimes the metal under the crown’s porcelain cap shows through as a dark line. Other drawbacks are that the crown’s porcelain portion can chip or break off and there is more wearing down of the teeth opposite them in the mouth. (The top and bottom tooth that comes into contact when the mouth is closed.) These crowns can be a good choice for front or back teeth.
  • All-ceramic or all-porcelain dental crowns provide the best natural colour match than any other crown type. They are also a good choice for people with metal allergies. However, they are not as strong as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns. They also may wear down the teeth opposite them in the mouth a little more than metal or resin crowns. All-ceramic crowns are a good choice for front teeth.
  • Pressed ceramic crowns have a hard inner core. They replace the metal liner that is used in the all-ceramic crown-making process. Pressed ceramic crowns are capped with porcelain, which provides the best natural colour match. They are also more long-lasting than an all-porcelain crown.
  • Zirconium Crowns consist of a zirconium oxide internal structure. They are more expensive but are an appealing alternative when crowning the very visible front teeth. We call it the “smile zone”. Ask us is this could be an option for you.

How Much Do Dental Crowns Cost?

Costs will vary with the type of crown we choose to use but can start around Ł635. If you are a candidate for several, you may want to ask us about our financing packages.

How Long Do Dental Crowns Last?

On average, dental crowns last between five and 15 years but, if you take proper care of it, in many instances they can last a lifetime.. The life span of a crown depends on the amount of wear and tear the crown takes, how well you follow good oral hygiene practices, and your personal mouth-related habits. You should avoid such habits as grinding or clenching your teeth, chewing ice, biting fingernails, and using your teeth to open packaging.

What Now?

The best way to find out if you are a candidate for dental crowns and to learn about your options and the cost is to visit the Forest & Ray dental clinic which is conveniently located in the heart of London.  Our dental professionals stand ready to attend to all your dental needs whether that be dental crowns or something else. Contact us today for an appointment!

Lucky you, you’re getting dental veneers. To get a dental veneer you’ll probably require a couple of visits. Here is what you can expect during a typical veneer preparation and installation procedure.

What Is A Dental Veneer?

A dental veneer is a layer of material placed over a tooth. It is a thin shield of porcelain that is used to cover the front surface of a tooth. Veneers are designed as a permanent way to change or enhance the look of stained, chipped, broken, or undesired teeth. Veneers improve the aesthetics of a smile and/or protect the tooth’s surface from damage.

There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain. A composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental lab, and later bonded to the tooth, typically using a resin cement.

A porcelain veneer may only be indirectly fabricated. A full veneer crown is described as “a restoration that covers all the coronal tooth surfaces (Mesial, Distal, Facial, Lingual and Occlusal.). Laminate veneer, on the other hand, is a thin layer that covers only the surface of the tooth and generally used for aesthetic purposes. These typically have better performance and aesthetics and are less plaque retentive.

What are the benefits of dental veneers?

The biggest benefit to veneers is improving the appearance of your teeth, giving you a brighter and more even smile. Dental veneers are often used to treat the following cosmetic occurrences:

  • broken or chipped teeth
  • severe discoloration or uneven colouring that can’t be fixed with whitening
  • gaps in the teeth
  • smaller-than-average teeth
  • pointed or unusually shaped teeth

Veneers can last for more than a decade, depending on the type of veneer you choose, making them a semi -permanent investment that can make you more confident in your smile.

Getting Dental Veneer
Getting Dental Veneers

What Are The Steps Involved?

Before you get your veneers, you’ll have a preliminary appointment with your Forest & Ray dentist to discuss which options are right for you and how many veneers you want to have placed. In some cases, if teeth are crooked or uneven, you may need to have braces before our dentist can place the veneers.

We will often take X-rays at this stage to evaluate your teeth’s health. They’ll look for signs of tooth decay, gum disease, or the need for root canals. If you have any of these conditions, you may not be a candidate for veneers. To get accurate sizing for your veneers, at the next appointment, your Forest & Ray expert dentist trims down about a half a millimetre of your tooth (we remove the enamel using a grinding tool) before they take a mould (impression) of your teeth. This mould is then sent off to the lab for the creation of your veneers.

What Comes Next?

The excitement of getting your veneers is growing but be patient—it won’t be long now. It typically takes between one and two weeks after your dentist creates your mould  to get your veneers back from the lab. Once your veneers are in, you can schedule an appointment to have them placed. At this appointment, our dentist evaluates the fit, shape, and coloration of the veneers to make sure they’re perfect for you and that you are happy with the choice of shade.

Next, your dentist thoroughly cleans your teeth. This is important, as it keeps bacteria from being trapped under the veneer and causing decay. After they do this, they use the grinding tool to create a rougher texture on each tooth on which a veneer is to be applied. This makes it easier for the veneer to stick to the tooth. Our dentist then uses dental cement to bond the veneer to the tooth. They’ll use ultraviolet light to harden this cement quickly, and once you leave our office, your new smile is ready to go! And we can chalk up one more satisfied Forest & Ray patient and the continuance of a great patient/dentist relationship!

With all the uncertainty that exists in the country today it is comforting to know that, amidst all the confusion, there are still things you can count on—people you can trust. In this regard, the quality dental care that is afforded at the Forest & Ray Dental Practice comes to mind. For more than 11 years we have delivered quality, reliable and dependable dental services to London and beyond right from our ideal, centre-city location. 

Benefits of Forest & Ray

There are many other reasons to choose Forest& Ray besides, dependability, accessibility and convenience. One is that our highly experienced dentists and support team are multi-lingual and boast decades of combined experience. We also speak your language!  The dental professionals, in addition to English of course,  speak Hungarian, Greek, French, Italian, Polish, and Russian.

All Dental Procedures in One Place

At Forest & Ray, we practice a full array of dental procedures in our sparkling facility. Whether you need full mouth rehabilitation, hygienics or general dentistry,  you would do well to choose us for all your dental needs. Whether it be oral surgery, dental implantology or cosmetic treatments and orthodontics all affordably rendered, this is the dental clinic to turn to. We specialize in general dentistry, tooth replacement and now even anti-wrinkle therapy- all in one place. And that’s not all. Because we have our own dental lab, it allows us to produce dental prosthetics quickly and for less money than most dental clinics in London!

We think you’ll agree with thousands of our satisfied patients that Forest & Ray is a place you can trust with your smile!

Financing Available, Too

Speaking about reliability and dependability, we can also add flexibility. At Forest& Ray, we believe no one should forego dental work because of the cost. We are aware that some people put off needed dental care because of the initial money outlay. Not to worry. At Forest& Ray, we are here to help with comfortable financing options which let you spread out the payments over time. Now, maybe for a few pence a day, you can have a beautiful mouth.  It could be the way to go if you are a UK resident for at least 3-years, 21 or over and have a permanent job.

Our Financing Options:

  • Deposit free or low-cost finance
  • Spread the cost of your dental treatment
  • Decision usually within 24-48 hours
  • 12 months interest-free credit under £3000 loan
  • Easy to apply for
  • Start treatment within 2 weeks after contract*

* There are some other stipulations, so check with us for more details about this attractive option

Forest & Ray is a place you can trust with your smile!
Forest & Ray is a place you can trust with your smile!

What Are You Waiting For?

Perhaps you’ve been postponing the journey to gorgeous teeth and that beautiful smile you’ve always wanted. Wait no longer- you’ll find it all at Forest & Ray Dental Clinic. Our professionals are ready and waiting for you and at a price that is sure to brighten your smile even more.

When there’s too much damage for a tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. So, now it is done– you’ve just had a tooth extracted. What now? Below you will learn more about tooth extraction aftercare and what you need to do and NOT do from the Forest & Ray expert dentists right here in London.

The DOs and DON’Ts of Aftercare

  • DO take it easy for the rest of the day. Take as little exercise as you can, and rest as much as you can. Keep your head up to avoid any bleeding.
  • DON’T be tempted to rinse the area for the first 24 hours.
  • DO avoid hot food or drinks until the anaesthetic wears off. This is important as you cannot feel pain properly and may burn or scald your mouth. Also, be careful not to chew your cheek. This is quite a common problem, which can happen when there is no feeling.
  • DON’T drink alcohol for at least 24 hours, as this can encourage bleeding and delay healing. Eat and drink lukewarm food as normal but avoid chewing on that area of your mouth.
  • DO keep your head up to avoid any bleeding.
  • DON’T be tempted to rinse the area for the first 24 hours.
  • DO eat soft foods such as yogurt, pudding, applesauce, and soup, soup, soup!
  • DON’T smoke!
  • DO take over-the-counter pain relievers (e.g. for headache) if you experience pain. BUT…
  • DON’T take aspirin as it might encourage bleeding.

What else can I do to help the process along?

Different people heal at different speeds after an extraction. It is important to keep your mouth and the extraction site as clean as possible, making sure that the socket is kept clear of all food and debris. Don’t rinse for the first 24 hours, and this will help your mouth to start healing.

After this time use a salt-water mouthwash, which helps to heal the socket. A teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water gently rinsed around the socket twice a day can help to clean and heal the area. Keep this up for at least a week or for as long as your dentist tells you.

It is important to keep to a healthy diet; and take a Vitamin C supplement, which will help your mouth to heal.

Keep your mouth and the extraction site clean
Keep your mouth and the extraction site clean

What do I do if it bleeds?

The first thing to remember is that there may be some slight bleeding for the first day or so. Many people are concerned about the amount of bleeding. This is because a small amount of blood is mixed with a larger amount of saliva, which looks more dramatic than it is.

If you do notice bleeding, do not rinse out, but apply pressure to the socket. Bite firmly on a folded piece of clean cotton material such as a handkerchief for at least 15 minutes. Make sure this is placed directly over the extraction site and that the pad is replaced if necessary.

If the bleeding has not stopped after an hour or two, contact us immediately; we are always available.

After aftercare: What now?

After a healing period of one to two weeks, you’ll most likely be able to go back to a regular diet. New bone and gum tissue will grow over the extraction site as well. However, having a missing tooth can cause teeth to shift, affecting your bite. You may want to ask your Forest & Ray dentist about replacing the extracted tooth to prevent this from happening. We can do it expertly with an implant, fixed bridge, or denture.

Orthodontists and dentists both help patients improve their oral health, but in different ways. Dentists generally deal with the teeth, gum, nerves, and jaw, while orthodontists specialize on correcting bites, occlusion, and the straightness of teeth. In short, orthodontists are dental specialists.

Clarification Needed

If you believe your dentist is also an orthodontist, your confusion is understandable. After all, both dentists and orthodontists work on teeth. Both provide professional care that helps patients have good oral health, and both are dental school graduates. Your dentist may even offer orthodontic services, leading you to assume that he/she is an orthodontist. But the truth is that putting aligners or braces on teeth does not make a doctor an orthodontist.

Dentists, who are also known as general (or family) dentists, are concerned with overall oral health. Dentists treat decayed teeth (fillings) and remove failed teeth (extractions). They usually provide services such as crowns, veneers or bonding to improve the appearance and function of teeth that have extensive decay, or are misshapen or broken. Dentists look for abnormalities in the mouth and teach patients how to prevent dental disease.

As knowledgeable and skillful as dentists are, certain areas of dentistry have educational programs beyond dental school. Orthodontics is one of those areas. And that’s where specialists, such as orthodontists, come in. Dental specialists get to be specialists by completing four years of general dental education in dental school, and then continuing in an accredited program where they study their specific specialty full-time for two or more years. When dentists studying a specialty area successfully complete their formal specialty education, they can use a title that denotes their area of specialization. “Orthodontist” is one example.

Other Differences

The biggest difference between an orthodontist and a dentist will be the type of work that they do. In some areas, the work overlaps. For example, both dentists and orthodontists can treat their patients with Invisalign. Most orthodontists, however, do not drill cavities or perform cleanings and most dentists do not prescribe or provide braces. When you need to have your teeth straightened, your dentist will usually recommend that you go and see an orthodontist. When you need your teeth cleaned, your orthodontist will tell you to see a dentist. While many dentists do offer Invisalign, it is usually a good idea to only get your teeth straightening treatment from a doctor who has trained extensively in these types of treatments. He will be able to give you a much more holistic treatment and will be able to help you adjust the treatment to your needs, as necessary.

So, Who Should I Trust With My Smile?

When it comes to orthodontic care here at Forest & Ray, we recommend you see one of our orthodontists. Yes, patients should certainly continue to see a dentist for periodic check-ups and cleaning throughout their orthodontic treatment. But because of the extra education, knowledge, and experience, the orthodontist is the go-to source for straightening teeth and dramatically improving your smile.

So, in a nutshell, when you need your teeth cleaned, you go to a dentist. When you need your teeth straightened, come to an experienced, knowledgeable Forest & Ray orthodontist! We hope to see you soon at our centrally located London clinic.

While most tooth loss occurs as one gets older, dental implants can be appropriate for the replacement of a missing tooth or teeth at any age.

Dental implants are typically used in the following situations:

  • Replacement of one or more missing teeth.
  • Support of a non-removable “bridge” to replace multiple teeth.
  • Support of a removable full or partial denture.

Although there are some situations in which dental implants should not be used, even individuals with the following health concerns can be candidates for implant dentistry.

The Good Dental Implant Candidate Checklist

To be a suitable candidate for dental implants you should have the following

  • A good level of oral hygiene with healthy teeth and gums
  • Healthy and plentiful bone in the jaw in which to support the implant
  • Good health and not suffering from any conditions which might prevent you from having surgery
  • A non-smoker or at least have quit a few weeks prior to treatment and during the recovery period
  • A fully developed jaw, so you’re likely to be over the age of 18

Summarizing The Benefits Of Dental Implants

  • Stand-alone structures which don’t need support from other teeth
  • Help prevent bone loss
  • Long-lasting if cared for properly
  • Look, feel, and act like natural teeth
  • Comfortable and natural-looking
  • Easy to clean

Are There A Drawbacks to Dental Implants?

The downside of dental implants is the initial cost. Dental implants don’t come cheap.  Having said that, they do last a long, long time.  If you look at the fact that the very first dental implant that was implanted was still going strong when the patient died 40 years later, as long as they’re cared for, they have the potential for longevity. Compare this to bridges and dentures which have a shelf life of around 10-15 years at most, and implants suddenly seem more cost-effective.

The other issue with implants is the length of time they take from the initial consultation to the final fitting. They’re fitted in stages which each require a period of healing, and this can vary from one individual to another. However, you can expect an implant to take around 6-9 months before you see the finished result, and longer in some cases. On the other hand, there are instances where patients can have implants fitted the same day.

If you’re interested in learning more about dental implants and indeed, finding out if you’re a suitable candidate, then contact us at the Forest & Ray Dental Practice which is centrally located in the heart of London. Why wait any longer to have the smile you always wanted?

There are pros and cons to brightening up at the dentist’s office or home teeth whitening. For great results fast – for weddings and other events, in-office whitening is ideal for these patients and it will only take one to two hours. Home teeth whitening may take two weeks of one to two hour daily applications. Some patients start with in-office and continue their teeth whitening at home, with the trays and gel. However, they both produce the same result- a beautiful, confident smile.

Many patients have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in- office and take- home products. The combination of both office and home whitening works well. If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.   But, if you are looking for the whit-EST your teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best. Besides, a Forest & Ray dental professional can also tell you if you are a candidate for teeth whitening because this cosmetic procedure is not recommended for everyone.

Teeth Whitening Choices

Whitening Toothpastes — Some whitening toothpastes contain gentle polishing or chemical agents that provide additional stain removal effectiveness. Whitening toothpastes can help remove surface stains only and do not contain bleach. Generally, they may make your teeth one shade lighter. By comparison, our dentist prescribed whitening conducted in your dentist’s office can make your teeth three to eight shades lighter.

Over-the-Counter Whitening Strips and Gels — Whitening gels are clear, peroxide-based gels applied with a small brush directly to the surface of your teeth.  If you follow the directions carefully, initial results may be seen in a few days and final results are sustained for about four months. Whitening strips are very thin, virtually invisible strips that are coated with a peroxide-based whitening gel. The time frame for results is similar to that of gels.

Whitening Rinses — Among the newest whitening products available are whitening rinses. Like most mouthwashes, they freshen breath and help reduce dental plaque and gum disease. They also contain whitening agents but don’t expect immediate results as they may not occur for up to 12 weeks because the rinse is only in contact with the teeth for a short time.

Tray-Based Tooth Whiteners —  Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution — which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent.  It is worn mainly during the night for a month or so to effect any whitening.

In-Office Whitening —  In-office bleaching provides the quickest way to whiten teeth. With in-office bleaching, the whitening product is applied directly to the teeth. These products can be used in combination with heat, a special light, or a laser. You will see results immediately but it may require repeat visits for optimal whitening.

Combine The Methods?

Many patients have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in- office and take- home products. The combination of both office and home whitening works well. If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.  Again, if you are looking for the whit-EST your own teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best.

Advice: when beginning your teeth whitening quest and trying to decide whether the dentist’s chair or at home is better–start with us! It is important too for us at Forest & Ray to assess if, in fact, you are even a candidate for teeth whitening. Why not stop in our clinic—located in the heart of London—to find out? We’ll be waiting for you.

Getting a dental implant is a straightforward procedure but it is, after all, surgery.  Like any surgery, dental implant aftercare is essential for a quick recovery. Patients should know what they can expect afterward. 

First, The Basics

Once the implant is in place, your jaw and surrounding tissues will need some time to heal. This can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. At this time, your Forest & Ray dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontitis will check the site to make sure it is healed properly and attach your new tooth. If you have a denture that covers the surgical area, please wear it as little as possible for the first week to protect the surgical site during its initial healing period. You should always leave the denture out at night.

Immediately After

Good oral hygiene practices are as essential after oral surgery as at any other time. After 24 hours you can resume tooth brushing. It may also help to gently rinse your mouth every so often with mild salt water (1/4 teaspoon of salt in a glass of water). DO NOT use mouth wash or hydrogen peroxide rinses for 14 days.
The great thing about dental implants is that they are easy to maintain by brushing and flossing, just like your natural teeth because, after all, they are the closest thing you can have to your natural teeth.  Simply care for your implants the same way that you would for your natural teeth and the dental implants will be a life-long solution to tooth loss.

Things You Can Do

You may experience some normal symptoms after implantation. For example, don’t be alarmed about swelling. Swelling can be reduced with ice packs (or a bag of frozen peas) wrapped in a towel. Hold on the cheek area for a maximum of ten minutes at a time with twenty minutes’ break. After twenty-four hours, gentle heat is more beneficial. Sleeping propped up slightly on two to three pillows may also help. Chew on the opposite side and do NOT bite into food if the procedure was done in the front of the mouth.

What To Eat

Eat only liquids (gelatin, pudding, soup, applesauce, ice cream yogurt, etc.) are advised during the first two days following surgery in order to avoid food particles from lodging in the wound. Semi-liquid foods (mashed potatoes, pancakes, eggs, soft pasta, etc.) may be added to the diet on the third day.

What To Avoid

Take care to only have cold drinks and do not eat until the local anaesthetic has worn off. Avoid hot drinks or hot food for the first day and do not ‘swill’ liquid over the area. Try not to disturb the area with your tongue or fingers. Do not undertake strenuous exercise (e.g., running / gym) for the first 48 hours. Avoid sticky, hard (such as ice cubes, nuts, popcorn, chips), brittle, spicy, highly seasoned, or acidic foods in your diet.  Avoid alcohol (even beer and wine) and smoking until after your post-operative appointment.  Smoking is not advised during the 7-14 days following surgery.

How Long Will Dental Implants Last?

Properly maintained dental implants (i.e. regular brushing and flossing) can last a lifetime—assuming the patient receives regular dental check-ups (part of any regimen for good oral health). Of course, if you experience any extraordinary symptoms such as abnormal swelling you should immediately return to the clinic so we may assess whether something out of the ordinary occurred, like an infection. We want your recovery to be as smooth and pleasant as possible!

So don’t hesitate any longer about getting dental implants. Come into Forest & Ray’s conveniently located centre-city location and let us tell you more about the benefits of dental implants and restoring your gorgeous smile. We will elaborate and tell you all you need to know about dental implants and aftercare.

Dental implants are designed to last a long time — upwards of 25 years — and are a long-term, permanent teeth replacement solution. Still, you should be aware of possible complications and side effects and how to handle them.

Temporary Side Effects

A few side effects are immediate but will clear up and go away as you heal. These things are expected, and your dentist won’t be surprised if you experience them.

  • Swelling in your gums and face that may last up to 48 hours
  • Bruised skin and gums which may last several days
  • Pain and discomfort typically lasting no more than two weeks
  • Minor bleeding which can last up to 24 hours

Our Forest & Ray dental professional dentist will likely prescribe pain medication for your discomfort. If any of these immediate side effects become worse or don’t go away as quickly as they should, it could be a sign of infection or another problem (see below). You’ll need to contact our office as soon as possible.


95%–98% has been reported as the success rate of implants over the 10 years. Although it has become the treatment of choice for most of the dentists, still, the complications arising from dental implant placement are the biggest challenge. While dental implants are a nearly fool-proof way of replacing missing teeth as demonstrated by that excellent success rate, sometimes complications may arise from inserting a dental implant.

Signs of a complication include:

  • difficulty chewing,
  • gum inflammation,
  • gum recession,
  • increased swelling,
  • loosening of an implant or a replaced tooth,
  • severe pain or discomfort.

Not all complications are immediate. Late failure may happen long after the dental implants have been established and are functioning. This failure occurs between 1-10 years after your new teeth are placed. Sometimes, if there are too few implants supporting the teeth, excessive stress is put on the implants. Also, excessive clenching and grinding teeth can hasten an implants failure or lead to complications.

Final Words

Every dental procedure has a side effect or two, but most are mild and go away almost immediately. And the stunning success rate of successful implant insertion is evidence that, long-term- this is a great way to solve the dilemma of missing teeth. But dental implants are a fairly invasive procedure so it’s no surprise that swelling, pain, and bruising will be part of your recovery. The Forest & Ray professionals have combined decades of experience with successfully inserting implants. And while there is always the miniscule possibility of complications, choosing a good dental clinic – like ours – will go a long way to mitigating potential problems. We are with you throughout the procedure and can help you address and side effects. So, contact us today to learn more.

The Forest & Ray dental professionals know that if you have dentures or are missing teeth, implants can improve your quality of life and give you confidence when eating or smiling. Here in this article you will find all you need to know about getting dental implants.

Dental implants have revolutionized the replacement of teeth. Before the development of dental implants, people with dentures were unable to chew many kinds of food; this has all changed with the widespread use of dental implants. An implant is placed by first making a slit in the gum tissue over the site of the missing tooth.

A preparation is then made in the bone using various sized drills, after which the implant is screwed into the bone before the gum tissue is stitched closed. This procedure can be performed under local anaesthesia or sedation, and it should be a painless operation. The implant must sit for four months before teeth can be placed, but there are some situations in which the implant can be used like a tooth.  What is a dental implant able to do that other teeth-replacement options, such as bridges or dentures, can&#39;t do? Let’s look at the pluses and minuses.

Dental Implants: The Pros and Cons

There are several ways a dentist can fill the spaces between missing teeth—dentures come to mind. Unlike dentures, implants serve as an actual replacement. They are implanted into the jaw or gum so that they serve as an anchor for dental crowns. This long-term solution to tooth loss is superior, as implants won’t move or slip. There is no need for special cleaning or adhesives, and maintenance is simple and easy. You will be able to chew foods more easily. Some patients even report that food tastes better! And, an implant can’t come loose like a denture can.

Yes, dental implants cost more initially than dentures; however, when you consider the additional costs of dentures spread over a lifetime (think cleaning solutions, adhesives, repairs, and possibly having to replace them), dental implants are often a better financial solution in the long run and worth the extra upfront cost. Simply care for your implants the same way that you would for your natural teeth, and the dental implants will be a lifelong, more cost-effective solution to tooth loss.

You Should Consider Dental Implants If:

  • You’re Insecure About Your Appearance. Nothing is worse than hiding your smile,
  • You Have Difficulty Chewing or Have To Avoid Your Favourite Foods,
  • You Are Unsatisfied with Your Current Dentures or Dental Bridges.

How Long Will It Take?

Getting a dental implant or implants is a multi-step process that can take several months. Once we have determined that you are a good candidate for the procedure and you agree, you will be scheduled for having an implant inserted. This may also involve an extraction of the damaged tooth that will be replaced.

Once the implant is in place, your jaw and surrounding tissues will need some time to heal. This can take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks. At this time, our dentist, oral surgeon, or periodontitis will check the site to make sure it is healed properly and attach your new tooth.

Another great thing about dental implants: they are easy to maintain by brushing and flossing, just like your natural teeth because, after all, they are the closest thing you can have to your natural teeth. Simply care for your implants the same way that you would for your natural teeth and the dental implants will be a lifelong, more cost-effective solution to tooth loss. So don’t hesitate any longer. Come into Forest &amp; Ray’s conveniently located centre-city location and let us tell you more about the benefits of dental implants and restoring your gorgeous smile.

Traditional metal-wired braces are stainless-steel and are sometimes used in combination with titanium. Getting metal braces is definitely something to be excited about, but if you’re like most patients, you also have some questions and concerns about braces. Here are some things you should know about metal braces.


There are some key advantages that metal braces have over other brace options: Strength. Metal is very strong compared to other orthodontic treatment options. Plastic and ceramic brackets, on the other hand, are more fragile and break easily so they may have to be replaced a few times throughout the treatment process. They are also more effective in correcting overcrowding than some newer, more pliable clear plastic types.

Metal braces give your Forest & Ray orthodontist more versatility, more options. This means that we can remove them and as we need to check on your teeth every few weeks, and can determine if your teeth are moving properly. Our orthodontist can check your teeth and tighten the wires if necessary. As they’re fixed it means you have no chance of losing your braces, unlike invisible aligners which can easily be misplaced or lost if taken out of your mouth to eat, drink or to clean your teeth. Also, you can also choose braces with a darker ligature so they won’t show any signs of discolouration when you eat a curry, smoke or drink a black coffee.

Before and after braces

Preparatory Treatment

You may need some dental work to set the stage for the coming braces. Since your teeth will be blocked by the braces any loose fillings need to be attended to. This could include extractions. Before getting braces, you’ll need to have a teeth cleaning and have all other dental work completed. This may include having wisdom teeth removed so they don’t interfere with the orthodontic treatment.

Diet Preparation

Begin to limit or eliminate certain foods from your diet before you get braces that can become a big problem. This includes gummy and sticky foods like caramels, gummy bears, and gum; foods you have to yank to chew, like taffy or jerky; very hard foods, especially those you bite into like corn on the cob and apples (of course, you can still eat these, they just need to be cut and chewed rather than bitten into).

Treatment Time

Adults are especially concerned about the amount of time they need to wear braces. On average, it takes about 24 months to complete an orthodontic treatment. Some patients require less than 12 months, but there are also patients requiring up to 3 years of treatment before their teeth reach the desired position. Don’t worry though—that is an extreme example and the exception, not the rule.

The reason it takes so long is that the archwires of your braces will slowly and gently push your teeth into new positions and during that process, old bone tissue resorbs while the new bone tissue is formed. … This is the main reason why treatment with braces can last so long; it can take up to ten months for the new bone tissue to solidify!


Braces are a dental marvel and at Forest & Ray, we take great care to ensure successful implementation of them. But what about complications or risks? Do any exist? The short answer is yes: any medical or dental procedure is not without risks. While the risk factor is low, there does exist a chance of rare complications that could result in considerable problems for a patient.

  • Tooth decay and gum disease- When wearing braces, the areas of the teeth and gums that are close to or under archwires and brackets are difficult to clean. When teeth aren’t cleaned carefully, food particles can get trapped in these areas. This allows dental plaque to accumulate, which increases the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.

  • Allergic reactions- Rarely, an orthodontic patient may experience an allergic reaction to the latex rubber in the elastics or to the metal used in braces. If you or your child have any known allergy to nickel or latex, you should inform your orthodontist before starting any treatment. In these cases, there are latex-free elastics and alternative metals that can be used.

  • Cavities-, good dental hygiene is hugely important for patients in braces, for both the health and appearance of the teeth. Decalcification shows up as white marks on the teeth, and cavities can quickly form if food and plaque are not removed on a regular basis. Thankfully, these issues are easy to prevent by thorough brushing, flossing, and a low sugar diet.

Taking care of your braces

Caring for braces is an important part of the experience: The better care you take of your braces, the more comfortable and effective they’ll be, and the quicker you’ll have them taken off.

We mentioned before about foods to avoid, but here are some concrete steps you can take to protect your teeth and your braces when wearing braces:

Brushing and Flossing with Braces

If your dental hygiene wasn’t the best before you got braces, it’s time to step up your game. Taking care of your teeth and gums becomes extra important when you wear braces, and caring for them means taking the time to brush your teeth and floss regularly. You’ll want to be gentle when you brush or floss in order to avoid damaging the wires and brackets.

Brush with a toothbrush with a soft head and brush after every meal as foods are more likely to get stuck in your braces, encouraging the buildup of plaque. Flossing after meals will help you get rid of food particles jammed between your teeth or in the wiring of your braces and on the brackets. Be gentle with the floss. Thread it carefully between the tooth and the braces’ wire, then work it slowly back and forth between the teeth and braces. Remember that too much force when flossing can damage your braces.

Added Caution:

Good for you if you or your child plays sports. But remember to wear a mouth guard on both your top and bottom teeth when you have braces. For the best fit, invest in one that’s custom made by your dentist. We at Forest & Ray want you to wear your braces confidently and wish you good dental health. Come in and talk to us about braces and the beginning of a great new smile.

When there’s too much damage for the tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. Tooth extraction is performed by a trusted Forest & Ray dentist or dental surgeon and is a quick outpatient procedure with either local or general anaesthesia.

Types of Tooth Extraction

There are 2 types of extraction procedures:
1: Simple Extractions– Simple extractions are usually performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth and it is usually done under local anaesthesia.
2: Surgical Extractions– Surgical extraction procedures are performed when the tooth cannot be easily accessed. This happens when the tooth has not fully erupted or when the tooth has been broken under the gum line. Surgical extractions are usually performed under general anaesthesia.

4 Reasons For Tooth Extractions

1. Irreparable tooth damage due to severe decay -This happens when tooth decay reaches the centre of the tooth which is the pulp.  The bacteria produced by the decay can invade the pulp and cause an infection. A root canal procedure can save the tooth. If it is too bad, then extraction is the only solution.
2. To forestall periodontal disease– Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone and other structures surrounding the teeth. The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis which is an infection of the gums. If the tooth is loose because of this, extraction may be warranted.
3. Extraction to eliminate overcrowding and/or to help an impacted tooth– At Forest & Ray, our orthodontist will check on how crowded your teeth are, and if there is enough room for them to move and give your set of teeth a better alignment. Teeth extractions are recommended when there is not enough space to straighten the alignment of your teeth.
A tooth is impacted when it is blocked from coming out, or when the gums did not fully erupt preventing the tooth to come out.  This is usually the case for wisdom teeth. We may recommend the extraction of the impacted tooth to prevent it from damaging other teeth.
4. Chipped or broken in an accident– We will try to repair or save the teeth but in some cases, extraction is the only recommended option.

After Extraction: What To Expect

We will give you detailed instructions on what to do and what to expect after your surgery. If you have any questions, make sure to ask them before you leave our office. Having a tooth taken out is surgery. You can expect some discomfort after even simple extractions. Usually it is mild. Research has shown that taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can greatly decrease pain after a tooth extraction. These drugs include ibuprofen, such as Advil, Motrin and others.
At Forest & Ray, our experienced professionals will be with you every step of the way, including the aftercare period. If necessary we can prescribe stronger anti-pain medicines to make sure you are as comfortable as possible and heal quickly.

As much as we like the NHS, when it comes to orthodontic referrals the waiting times can be daunting—months, even years. At Forest & Ray want to help you avoid the uncalled-for wait by offering you and your child a 10% discount for private care orthodontics so you can get started right away on the road to a perfect smile.

New Year, A New Smile

The purpose of orthodontic treatment is to make the best of your teeth. This includes allowing you to bite correctly, eat more comfortably, and to care for your teeth and gums more easily. And your smile will benefit, too. Why wait longer than you must to begin the process of  achieving a winning smile? There is a saying that, “Time is Money.” Forest & Ray Dental Clinic aims to tackle both issues by saving you time and money. How? By offering a 10% discount for you and/or your child on the orthodontic treatment that we will expertly perform in our state-of-the-art clinic.
Another advantage of choosing our offer from private treatment is that you won’t be restricted in your orthodontic options. You will have a wider choice of braces, including clear or invisible ones. Today’s braces are not nerdy anymore. You can now choose from bold colourful designs which you can change later on as your mood dictates and choose the option that shows the world the “real you”.

No Need For Waiting

While we are big advocates of NHS treatment, it’s important for Forest & Ray to provide you with all your available options, including self-funded private orthodontic treatment. As the name suggests, private care is not dependent on NHS funding, so you could start your treatment right away and you don’t need to be referred to us by your dentist. There is no waiting list and evening appointments allow you with flexible scheduling options.
By accepting the offer for private treatment, you will not only avoid the agony of waiting but the disappointment of possibly being declined. So what are you waiting for?  Carpe Diem-seize the day! Contact us now for your 10% discount and the first step on the journey to a brilliant smile and a brand new you!

Speed up your life! New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!

You can read several suggestions for the New Year’s resolution below:

1. I am going to visit my dentist and start my treatment

It is very important to visit your dentist at least once a year, who checks your current condition and if necessary makes a treatment plan for you. In general, the panoramic X-ray is the part of the dental check-up which can diagnose wide variety of problems. For example, there may be a far more serious problem behind your tooth sensitivity. Fortunately, these problems are noticeable during the check-up and can be treated by the dentist.

Book an appointment now!

2. I am going to start my orthodontic treatment

Did you know that you can start orthodontic treatment even in adulthood? Fortunately, you can also have a brace as an adult, and there are plenty of options available to you. You can choose a fixed metal brace, an aesthetic tooth-colored brace, or even an almost invisible and removable device.

Are you a teen? We have discount for you! Click here!

Happy couple
New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!

3. I am going to visit the dental hygienist twice a year

Did you know that home dental care is not enough to keep your teeth clean? There are some parts of your teeth that can only be cleaned by a specialist. In these areas tartar can easily form and can cause bad breath or several diseases such as gingivitis. Therefore it is highly advisable to get rid of it by professional dental cleaning as soon as possible. You do not have to worry about this treatment at all, the hygienist uses a completely painless ultrasound device for it. After the scaling and polishing, it is harder for the tartar to stick on the surface again, and you feel your teeth clean and healthy after the treatment.

4. I am going to replace my missing teeth

If you have been planning to replace your missing teeth for a long time, New Year is a wonderful opportunity to get started! Whether it is one tooth or the whole denture, you should start it as soon as possible. Tooth loss is not just an aesthetic problem: the missing teeth make your healthy teeth decay faster or even fall out; in addition, you may also have problems with chewing, and not properly chewed food can lead to further serious problems.

Check out our finance options dor teeth replacement!

An Uninvited, Unwelcome ’’Guest”. Isn’t it always the case- a toothache arriving at the worst time? Your house is alive with Christmas chatter and Christmas cheer. The festively decorated table, laden with goodies, is literally groaning under the weight of the Christmas culinary delights as your mouth waters in anticipation. And then, disaster strikes– the unmistakable pain in the mouth announcing the onset of a gnawing toothache! What could be worse than a toothache at one of the most hearty mealtimes of the year? Oh, what to do !?!

’’An Ounce of  Prevention…”

Chances are, the toothache wasn’t a complete surprise. You might have felt twinges of discomfort for days or even weeks prior. That’s where you made your first mistake—not seeking dental treatment from us sooner. A toothache could have been prevented. How? Let’s examine the possibilities. As a Forest & Ray patient, you could have:

  • Had the regularly scheduled six-month checkup which you conveniently missed.
  • Had your fillings checked and replaced prior to the holidays

Too Late, Toothache Is Here

Oh well, too late to do anything about it now. Christmas is here and you’re hungry—a toothache or not. So, what can you eat and what foods should you avoid? Even if you didn’t have a toothache, the rule of thumb for good dental health is to avoid sugary, syrupy, and fatty foods and drink. Innocent-looking eggnog is not so innocent as it contains loads of sugars, acids, and fats which are harmful to your teeth and your body. Acid-laden citrus fruits and tomato-based sauces can cause a toothache to act up, so it is best to avoid them.

But the real culprits are the hard foods, so:


  • Peanut Brittle
  • Nuts
  • Candy Canes
  • Gingerbread cookies
  • Christmas pudding (if stiff)
  • Toffees
  • Raw vegetables


  • Bananas, applesauce, and other soft fruits
  • Peach, pear, and apricot nectars
  • Well-cooked veggies which are tender
  • Stuffing
  • Mashed potatoes
  • Pureed meats
  • Porridge
  • Cottage Cheese, yogurt
  • Custards and gelatin

You would also do well to cut foods into smaller bits and let hot foods stand a while to cool so you won’t irritate the tooth further.

Home Remedies In The Meantime

Don’t despair that you can’t see the dentist until after the holidays. Relief is close at hand in the comfort of your own home. Here are some tried-and-true home remedies for temporary relief of toothache pain:

  1. Salt Water Rinse (warm)-salt is a natural disinfectant and the warm water will soothe the painful tooth. Simply mix 1/2 teaspoon (tsp) of salt into a glass of warm water and use it as a mouthwash. It will also loosen irritating food particles around the tooth.
  2.  Hydrogen Peroxide Rinse- similar to salt, this will kill the pain-inducing bacteria in the inflamed area.  Be sure to dilute properly: mix 3 percent hydrogen peroxide with equal parts of water and use it as a mouthwash. Don’t swallow it.
  3. Cold Compress-a cold compress causes the blood vessels in the area to constrict making the pain less severe. The cold can also reduce any swelling and inflammation. Simply hold a towel-wrapped bag of ice to the affected area for 20 minutes at a time; repeat every few hours.
  4. Peppermint Tea Bag- apply the warm or chilled tea bag to the affected area. This will numb/soothe.
  5. Garlic- recognized for millennia as a pain reliever, it can also kill bacteria. Crush a garlic clove to create a paste and apply it to the tooth. Feel free to add a bit of salt. Or, you can slowly chew a clove of fresh garlic.
  6. Clove- like garlic, clove has been used to treat toothaches for ages; the oil can numb the pain because it contains eugenol, which is a natural antiseptic.
  7. Thyme- is a powerful antibacterial for treating things like toothaches. Dab a few drops of thyme essential oil and a few drops of water onto a cotton ball. Dilute the oil with water and, apply to the affected area.
  8. Vanilla Extract- this effective home remedy is purposely listed last because it contains alcohol. A no-no for some, it’s a proven antioxidant and thus is an effective healer. Simply dab a small amount of vanilla extract onto your finger or a cotton ball. Apply it directly to the affected area a few times per day.

Naturally, the Forest & Ray family hopes that a toothache this Christmas is not in your Christmas stocking. But if it is, we hope the information above will help you get through the holidays without too much discomfort. We wish you happy holidays and look forward to seeing you in the New Year!

merry xmas

Brushing with a toothbrush and string flossing has been a staple of good oral hygiene forever. And both are still important today. It’s how patients go about doing them these days that is stealing the spotlight. At Forest & Ray, we want to congratulate you brushers and flossers out there while, at the same time, alerting you to ways of more effectively getting the job done. 

The Electric Advantage

Nowadays, appliances are available which allow the power of electricity to improve our oral hygiene. The electric toothbrush and water flossing appliances are on the market which can dramatically help you maintain good, healthy teeth and gums. To better illustrate the point, let’s look at an interesting statistic which compares the simple, manual toothbrush with a new and better alternative.
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Dentistry compared the efficacy of a water flosser to string floss used in combination with a manual toothbrush. The researchers found that the group who used the waterpik had a 74.4 percent reduction in plaque as compared to a 57.7 percent reduction in the group who used the string floss. While no such studies exist for the electric toothbrush, it is reasonable to assume that the brisk brushing action of the electric toothbrush is much better than brushing your teeth manually.

Clearing Up The Confusion

So, it is apparent that electric water flossing and the electric toothbrush represent improvements. But which is better and what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?

Water flossing

Pros:  Water picking has many advantages. A waterpik is easy to use, especially for people with braces, or other types of dental work like permanent or temporary bridges. The massage action can also improve gum health and reach areas that can’t be reached with traditional floss.
Cons:  There are many disadvantages to using a water flosser as well. A waterpik can be expensive to purchase, and will need space for storage. It requires access to electricity and water and can be bulky making it difficult to use outside of the home.

Electric toothbrush

Pros:  Electric toothbrushes oscillate many times per second, far faster than we could attempt with a manual brush. The degree of movement and the varying angles of attack an electric brush allows patients to get their mouth as clean as possible. This helps reduce cavity risk, is very effective at getting rid of plaque and helps prevent gingivitis (gum disease).
Also, it’s almost effortless–The brush does all the work for you; some have a timer for the full two minutes; others tell you when to move to another section of your mouth. Some have pressure indicators to stop you from brushing too hard.
Cons:  There aren’t many. It used to be, before rechargeable batteries, that there had to be an electric outlet nearby. No more. And, in the past, electric models were expensive. Sure, some fancy gizmo could set you back Ł300 or more. But you can pick up a very effective appliance for nearer to Ł30.

Teeth cleaning with electric toothbrush
Teeth cleaning with electric toothbrush

Don’t Quit Because Of Money

One thing is for certain: whichever you choose, it will be an improvement over the old methods of manual brushing and string flossing.  If money is an issue—don’t despair. While you are making your decision to enter the 21st century, we at Forest & Ray recommend that you keep brushing twice a day and flossing at least once- that’s still a good recipe for good dental health.

Trying to stop nature’s process of yellowing teeth is the pursuit of many patients. But it has been said that “time and tide wait for no one”. So we try our best by practicing good oral hygiene habits. But even with regular brushing and flossing, it can be hard to avoid the gradual greying the teeth undergo. Likewise, if you have poor oral health habits, your teeth can rapidly turn yellow, brown or even black. However, that doesn’t mean that you can’t get your teeth white again by whitening them yourself. But to do so you may have to separate fact from fiction!

The Never-ending Quest For Natural Teeth Whitening

Here are some natural, at-home remedies which are safe and can whiten your teeth. But try them at your peril because some may be just myths and actually harmful!

Oil Pulling?

This technique is popular in Ayurvedic medicine. You swish a tablespoon of oil (such as sesame, coconut, or olive oil) around in your mouth for up to 20 minutes to “pull out” bacteria. A recent study found that using coconut oil could prevent tooth decay, but there’s no science to support it leaving a sparkle.

Apples, Pineapples, and Strawberries ?

Maybe. Malic acid in apples boosts saliva to wash away acids. Toothpaste with bromelain, a compound in pineapple, help whiten teeth. But there’s no evidence that eating these fruits will make your grin gleam. Skip the strawberries, too. A study in Operative Dentistry found that brushing with a mixture of them and baking soda had no whitening effects. Even worse, the citric acid in strawberries can break down enamel, the outer shell of your tooth.

Hydrogen peroxide ?- be careful

It’s the bleaching agent found in most home whitening kits. It actually changes a tooth’s colour. One study found that painting an over-the-counter gel with 6% hydrogen peroxide on teeth made a noticeable difference after 2 weeks. The inexpensive bottles of liquid you can buy in a drugstore usually have a lower percentage. And the American Dental Association says swishing will probably irritate your gums before it whitens your teeth.

Apple cider vinegar?

Gargle before you brush to help kill bacteria and remove stains, they say. You’ll get a whiter smile, it is said. Sorry, no studies confirm these claims. While it can brighten the taste of your salad dressing, don’t expect apple cider vinegar to brighten your teeth!


The warm, bitter spice that’s known for flavoring curry is also a natural dye that can turn a white fabric a bright gold. Supposedly, turmeric paste can turn dingy teeth back to pearly white.  But hold on: There’s no solid research to back this up.

Teeth whitening
Teeth whitening


Good old brushing and flossing

Good oral hygiene is a tried-and-true method for keeping your smile looking its best. Toothpaste gently buffs out stains from the surface of your teeth. Whitening toothpaste work the same way with more ingredients; they don’t bleach your teeth. Flossing gets rid of food and bacteria that could harden into plaque, which makes your teeth look dull and darker.

Baking soda

Besides helping batter rise, it’s also a mild abrasive that scrubs away stains. You could try using a DIY paste of baking soda, but you’ll probably get better results by switching to a toothpaste with sodium bicarbonate. Studies show brushing with products that have baking soda will work on surface stains over time.

and, don’t forget the common sense… watch what you eat and drink

Here at Forest & Ray, we remind you that: An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Foods including dark berries and drinks such as coffee, red wine, and soda are known offenders, but you don’t have to give them up. Enjoy these in moderation, and rinse with water right afterward so there’s less chance they’ll affect your teeth. (Wait 30 minutes before brushing to protect the enamel.) Since smoking and chewing tobacco can also cause stains, we think it’s another good reason to quit.

Regarding tooth replacement you, the patient, happily have many options. But each choice comes with a corresponding consequence. That is why a consultation beforehand is so important. The consultation will encompass many factors and must take into account your budget, comfort level, and cosmetic desires. During your consultation, your dentist will help you explore all the options available to you. He or she will ask leading questions to help you determine which approach is best for your personal needs. But, don’t forget, the tooth replacement consultation is a two-way street. You should ask questions, too. What are some questions you should ask?

What Are My Tooth Replacement Options?

You have several ways to go depending on cost and aesthetics:
•    Traditional Bridgework
•    Implants
•    Composite Bridgework

Which Tooth Replacement Procedure Is Right For Me and What are the Pros and Cons Of Each?

For years, traditional bridgework was the go-to procedure for dentists—that is before improved methods came along. Still, with traditional bridgework, the end result is that– at the very least– you will have a full chewing surface.  Though not a perfect solution, that’s something to be happy about. But remember, if one tooth in the bridge is compromised, you lose the entire bridge.
With an implant, the dental specialist places a post (most commonly titanium) into the jawbone at the site of the missing tooth.  Then a crown is placed on the post. This is a more costly procedure—but for good reason. You will gain full functionality of that chewing surface, as well as a placeholder to keep other teeth from shifting in the mouth. Also, the jawbone becomes activated in the chewing process.
Composite bridgework is an interesting alternative to traditionally fixed bridgework. The main upside to composite bridge work is that the two anchor teeth won’t ground to posts. The dentist simply builds off of the adjacent teeth with composite materials to fill the gap. The pros are that it may be more aesthetically pleasing as there is no metal. And unlike traditionally fixed bridges, if one of the anchor teeth becomes compromised, you can still remove the bridge and keep at least one of the teeth.

dental implant
Be confident with your smile!

More Questions Will Pop-up and Need Answering

After we cover the basics to help you make a decision and ease your mind, other questions are bound to arise. Maybe you’re thinking of some of them—such as:
•    How long does the entire process take?
•    What can I expect in terms of recovery time?
•    How painful is the procedure? How do you alleviate the pain?
•    What are the instances of failure? What then?

Cost: The Elephant in the Room

Cost is being addressed last here but, chances are, it’s been in the front of your mind from the moment you began considering tooth replacement. We are prepared  for this eventuality when these questions arise:
•    How much will each tooth replacement option cost?
•    Is financing available to make the outlay easier to swallow?

At Forest & Ray, we expect your questions (having fielded them thousands of time before) and we welcome them. You can be sure that whatever tooth replacement option you choose, you will have been thoroughly briefed on all the pros and cons, the possible outcomes, and are 100% confident in your decision. Remember, the proper decision is a collaborative effort between the patient and the Forest & Ray dental professionals.

Often, when we contemplate a visit to the dentist or having dental work done, we may be a bit nervous. This is normal and a reason why the general consultation is so important. The first, or general, consultation is designed to dispel that nervousness. At the same time, it is an opportunity for you to ask questions of the dentist and take the measure of your surroundings. 

You should come away with a good idea if the dentist is a professional with whom you would be happy to work. You also have the opportunity to assess the atmosphere and ambiance- as well as cleanliness- of the dental clinic. It is also an opportunity for you to gauge the level of professional care you might receive.  Once you have been there a while, have asked some questions, and weighed the answers, your nervousness will probably disappear. This bodes well for your future relationship with the dentist and the clinic and is a primary reason to have a general consultation.

The Main Reasons for a General Consultation

  • Ensure optimum dental health is achieved
  • Ensure dental problems are addressed as soon as possible
  • Recommend the best form of dental treatment and management
  • Assess a person’s eligibility for surgery or other forms of treatment
  • Determine how dental problems affect the other parts of the body
  • Obtain a personal dental history or profile

What Are Typical Questions Asked During the General Consultation?

  • Given my teeth as you see them, what procedures might you recommend?
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the procedures you are suggesting?
  • Do you specialize in orthodontics or do you also do general dentistry?
  • Will you be doing the procedures or will it be another dentist?
  • How long will the entire process take?
  • What do you estimate the cost of the treatments to be?
  • Is there financing available?
  • Will my insurance cover all, part or none of the costs?

Depending on the kind of amount of dental work you are contemplating, you might want to probe deeper in order to become supremely confident you are making the correct decision.

Dental consultation
Oral health is important for your entire body

More In-depth Questions

  • Do you possess the proper accreditations to do the dental procedures?
  • Where were you educated?
  • Approximately how many of the recommended procedures have you done?
  • Can I see photos of your work
  • What are alternative procedures?
  • How do you do to mitigate pain?
  • What can I expect during recovery?
  • What will be the anticipated frequency of visits?

These are just a sample of the type of questions that patients frequently ask during a general consultation. Whether you have more or less, we at Forest & Ray are capable of answering all your queries and are eager to do so. Come on in and let’s get started!

While the short answer to whether to have a dental implant while pregnant is yes, there are many reasons why, if you can, you should delay the procedure until after the pregnancy.  After the first trimester, pregnant patients are typically given the green light for routine dental treatments, such as crowns, fillings and root canals.

Studies show that local anesthesia is completely safe during pregnancy. Getting dental implants while pregnant, however, often require stronger anesthesia, which can be risky for the unborn child. Also, higher levels of estrogen can be present in pregnant women. This can increase the risk of infection and contribute to bleeding gums and tooth decay. If these issues become significant, the need for a dental implant may increase. But the procedure should only be performed at certain times during a pregnancy to reduce the risk of unwanted issues. In most cases, dentists will recommend waiting until after the delivery of your baby.

Implants while pregnant
implants while pregnant

Other concerns about implants while pregnant

In the decision of whether to have implants while pregnant, also consider these factors:

  • X-rays – Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that dental x-rays are safe for pregnant women, there are risks associated with the exposure of an unborn child to the small amount of radiation used in radiology. Even though a dental diagnostic x-ray focuses on the mouth area only, many choose to avoid x-rays altogether while pregnant just to be safe.
  • Stress – The American Pregnancy Association says that high anxiety levels in an expectant mother can affect the development of a baby. An elective surgery is likely to induce unneeded worry during an already stressful time. If the situation isn’t an emergency, wait until after your baby is born to proceed with dental implants.

But you don’t have to wait until after your pregnancy to begin researching your dental implant options. Setting up a consultation with your dentist provides you with the information you need to make the best choice for your dental health. It should provide you valuable information of whether you should or could be fitted with implants while pregnant.

Even better, if you are looking for immediate results and  would like to restore your smile in just one day, we can offer you teeth in a day (also known as All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)) option.
This concept is based on same day surgery and fit of new teeth (full set of teeth)!

First consultation

At an initial assessment our surgeon, Dr Martinis will be able to tell you how soon you will be eligible for All-on-4  (Same-day teeth): Teeth in a day.
At this first consultation we should take impressions, X-rays and photos of your mouth. It is very likely than a 3D CBCT scan will be required to safely and effectively plan your treatment.

Are you interested in All-on-4 (Same-day teeth)? Come to our surgery for an All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) consultation!

All-on-4  (Same-day teeth): Teeth in a day appointment


If you are happy to start your treatment we will book a morning and same day afternoon session for your same day new teeth.
In the morning Dr Martinis will place the implants to support the new teeth. If any additional surgical procedure is required such as bone grafting or sinus lift it will be done simultaneously.
This may take 3 or more hours and can be done under local anaesthesia.


Immediately after this surgical appointment our dental implant technicians optimise the already constructed, visible part of your new teeth: your implant supported teeth for your afternoon session. During this time you can rest and enjoy a liquid form lunch.


Your long term temporary new teeth will be fitted the same day at this session. It will be supported by (usually 4) implants for each jaw and fitted securely, it allows you to speak and smile without worrying of a sliding denture, giving an immense and immediate boost to your confidence within just one day. The end results are amazing..

All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)

Additional notes

  • In most cases 4 implants are sufficient to support an entire arch of teeth. As every case and every patient is different, please note that depending on the case the numbers of implants can be more than 4.
  • After same day teeth further appointments are required: a natural looking long term temporary bridge is fitted on the same day of the implantation, allowing you to chew, smile and speak with confidence. After the healing time your bridge, usually 3 months, it will be replaced by final custom made new teeth perfectly constructed to exactly match the parameters of your mouth. Finals will need at least 3 more appointments that last a bit more than an hour each.

All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) can be a perfect solution for you

  • if you have  no teeth at all
  • if you have wide gaps and most of your teeth are loose or failing
  • if you have slurred speech and/or gum irritation due to an ill-fitting denture
  • if you would like to enjoy all kinds of food on the long term without worrying of a sliding denture
  • if your self-confidence is affected by your denture/lack of teeth and would like a natural looking and permanent solution


Eleftherios Martinis DDS, MSc Dental Implantology, GCAP, AFHEA, DipDSed, MFDS RCSEd

  • Tooth Implant Dentist in Private Clinics Central London
  • Member of the American Academy of Implant Dentistry
  • Mentor for Dental Implantology
  • Specialty Doctor in Oral Surgery King’s College Hospital and Clinical Teacher King’s College London

Many teeth are still being filled with the silver-coloured amalgam fillings because they are long- lasting and less expensive than some other options. Presently, there is a heated debate among dentists about the choice of fillings for the teeth.

Some patients are quick to opt for the composite resin filling simply because it is a white filling and will better match the natural tooth colour. However, because the resin is composed of plastic and glass mixture, it probably won’t last as long as other fillings for the teeth. There also seems to be a problem with deep-fillings when a composite is used. They can create insensitivity and even pain that can lead to more intense dental efforts to reverse–and that can possibly lead to nerve damage. Dentists will tell you that when it comes to longevity and cost-effectiveness, amalgam fillings are hard to beat. But many dentists no longer recommend amalgam fillings and are even replacing them with composite fillings because of the materials in amalgam fillings.  An amalgam filling is an alloy of mercury (50%), silver, copper, tin and sometimes zinc. On the other hand, there is no denying that amalgams are more readily visible-often appearing as black dots among the teeth.

Mercury in Amalgams

Because of the fear of mercury in amalgams, several European countries, as well as several United States dental schools, have refused to accept dental amalgam as an alternative dental filling material. In many cases, dentists have recommended the removal and replacement of silver amalgam in a patient’s mouth with crowns, inlays, or composite fillings. This overlooks the fact that mercury vapours are also released when the amalgam filling is removed. And, often, this extensive “correction” of otherwise good fillings and healthy teeth causes the patient to experience more pain and problems. Moreover, In the United States, official studies by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) have stated that “current data is insufficient to support an association between mercury release from amalgams and the various complaints that have been attributed to this restorative material.”  The American Dental Association (ADA) has joined the FDA in positing that amalgam is a safe restorative material, and any dentist who recommends removing amalgams due to health concerns from mercury is deemed unethical and could lose their license.

filling teeth
Amalgam dental filling

The Case for Composite Fillings

Dentists are quick to point out that besides there being even a hint of mercury getting into the bloodstream, the materials in amalgams shrink and degrade over time exposing the cavity. On the other hand, they contend the materials in composites are primarily adhesives, stick to the inside of the teeth and will not shrink over time.  Another important reason for choosing composite fillings IS  they are more aesthetically pleasing. They match the other teeth better and are, therefore, worth the extra cost and the few extra minutes. Because of this, they are the way most teeth are being filled today and are recommended by so many dentists.

New solution available for entire arch of teeth replacement: All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  refers to the concept of 4 implants supporting a whole arch of teeth. All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  implants can be the most cost-effective way to replace an entire upper or lower set of teeth, because not every single tooth is needed to be replaced by an implant. In addition All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  require less surgery than replacing many individual teeth.

What Are the Risks of All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) ?

Perhaps the greatest risk is the possibility that at least one of the implants doesn’t take hold– either because it was misplaced, it was faulty or because the bone didn’t heal appropriately. Recent studies have shown that consuming alcohol and tobacco during the first few weeks after an All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  procedure may increase the risk of implant failure, as both of these products have a detrimental effect on the healing process. Fortunately, even if it’s a bother, an implant failure has few consequences. Due to the simplicity of the process, a dentist can easily schedule another appointment to replace it in a single sitting.
On the other hand, the permanent denture affixed to the implant can also present its own share of problems. One of the most common mistakes new dentists make when placing All-on-4  (Same-day teeth)  is to make the final denture from acrylic or plastic. While this could work in theory, these materials tend to stain very quickly, and they accumulate residues and tartar, which may lead to bad breath. It’s not that big a deal when used for temporary dentures, since the can be removed and cleaned, but that’s not the case with an All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) . Perhaps you’ve read that there could be a risk of nerve damage associated with implants. Relax, it’s less than 1% of all procedures.

What Are the Benefits of All on 4  (Same-day teeth) ?

There are a few different reasons All-on-4 (Same-day teeth)  can be beneficial for patients. For one thing, All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) can completely restore an entire arch of teeth in one sitting. This cuts down on time spent in the dentist’s chair and decreases the number of surgical procedures needed to restore all of your teeth.
All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) also help decrease the need for bone grafts. Tooth loss can lead to jaw bone loss, especially if missing teeth aren’t replaced shortly after they’re lost. And the more bone you lose, the more difficult it can be to place dental implants, which is why bone grafts are sometimes required before implants can be placed. But when only four implants are required, dentists can choose areas where the bone is more plentiful to place the implants–which means that you may not need a bone graft even if you’ve lost bone mass in some parts of your jaw.

All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) gives you confidence

Precautions to Take To Help the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) Process

First, always follow your dentist’s instructions faithfully. Of course, as previously stated, you also want to avoid smoking, tobacco products, and alcoholic beverages. You should eat softer foods for a while and continue to maintain good oral hygiene practices.
There are some great products you can use to help keep your implants clean, like a Waterpik or special implant floss. Ask us about these from your dentist! Also, make sure to keep up your regular 6-month check-ups
So, if All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) seems right for you, proceed with confidence. Given the level of expertise at Forest & Ray Dental Clinic, you can rest easy if you decide to go the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) way with us.

When there is too much damage for the tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. Having a tooth removed is a pretty straightforward procedure. If there is enough of the tooth to be grasped by the dentist’s instruments, the dentist will perform a simple extraction. But if the tooth is severely damaged, extracting the tooth may require the dentist to get at it by making an incision in the gum. Either way, the tooth extraction is still surgery, so expect some discomfort.  If the tooth extraction was done surgically rather than a simple extraction, the pain is likely to be somewhat greater and last a bit longer. The intensity and length of the discomfort after the tooth extraction will depend on how difficult it was to remove the tooth. Typically, though, the pain will last for a few days.

Why the Length and Level of Pain

Regardless of whether the tooth extraction was simple or surgical there will more bleeding and it will last longer generally than cuts elsewhere on your body. A cut in the mouth tends to bleed more than a cut elsewhere on the skin. This is because of the mouth moisture-it cannot dry out and form a scab. After a tooth extraction, you’ll be asked to bite on a piece of gauze for 20 to 30 minutes. This pressure will allow the blood to clot. You will still have a small amount of bleeding for the next 24 hours or so. It should taper off after that. Your dentist will likely place a sedative dressing over the socket for a few days to protect it as a new clot forms. Warning: Don’t disturb the clot that forms in the wound. There also might be some additional discomfort if stitches were required after extracting the tooth. If your doctor used the kind of stitches that dissolve on their own, it could take a week or two longer. In this instance, expect the discomfort to linger longer also. It takes weeks even months for the tissue around the extracted tooth to actually heal. The good news is that the pain and discomfort will be gone after only a few days.

After tooth removal
What to Do to Lessen Pain, Promote Healing After Tooth Removal

What to Do to Lessen Pain, Promote Healing After Tooth Removal

Your dentist will outline instructions following the tooth extraction(s).  The dentist may tell you to:

  • Bite firmly but gently on the gauze pad placed by your dentist to reduce bleeding in the area of the extracted tooth and allow a clot to form in the tooth socket. Change gauze pads before they become soaked with blood.  Otherwise, leave the pad in place for three to four hours after the extraction.
  • Apply an ice bag to the affected area immediately after the procedure to keep down swelling. Apply ice for 10 minutes at a time.
  • Take prescribed painkillers
  • Relax for at least 24 hours after the tooth extraction. Limit activity for the next day or two.
  • Avoid rinsing or spitting forcefully for 24 hours after the extraction to avoid dislodging the clot that forms in the socket.
  • Rinse gently with a salt water solution about 24 hours after surgery a few times a day
  • Not smoke or use a straw or spit after surgery. These actions can pull the blood clot out of the hole where the tooth was. Do not smoke on the day of surgery. Do not smoke for 24 to 72 hours after having a tooth extracted.

Bad breath is also known by the clinical name of halitosis and it regularly afflicts about one in four people. Something things to know about bad breath/halitosis: it doesn’t discriminate among the young, the old or the in-between nor does it discriminate between sexes. Halitosis is a problem for women and men alike. You can check yourself for halitosis by licking your wrist and sniffing. If you’re especially brave you might ask a trusted friend or significant other if your breath honestly stinks. Halitosis can be more than just an embarrassment. It can be a warning sign of a grave dental disease such as periodontal (gum) disease.

What Causes Halitosis

There are many causes of this common problem.  Persistent bad breath is usually caused by the foul gases released by the bacteria that coat your teeth, gums, and tongue. Also, the small chunks of food that get caught between the teeth and on the tongue will rot and can sometimes cause an unpleasant smell. Strong foods like garlic, coffee, and onions can add to the problem. Plaque build-up can also cause halitosis. Plaque is really the bacteria that coat our teeth and gums and it will cause worse things than just bad breath. It can cause cavities and gum disease. Another cause of bad breath/halitosis is “dry mouth”. This is a condition is caused by the build-up of bacteria in your mouth because your mouth isn’t producing sufficient saliva leading to halitosis.

Some medicines may contribute to the “dry mouth” condition. Dry mouth may also be caused by continually breathing through your mouth instead of your nose. This condition, which leads to not producing saliva, is more common among older people and may lead to further problems as well. If this is you, you are well advised to seek professional medical advice. A prime cause of halitosis is, not surprisingly, smoking.  However, the diseases associated with smoking are far more critical than halitosis. Alcoholic beverages are a common cause of bad breath, too. And then, there are some more serious physical conditions which could cause bad breath such as acid reflux, diabetes, liver, and kidney problems-just to name a few. A thorough medical exam may diagnose such situations.

Halitosis causes
Halitosis causes

Preventing Bad Breath

Watch what you eat. What you eat affects what you exhale and is a prime cause of bad breath. That’s because as food is digested, it’s absorbed into your bloodstream and then is expelled from your lungs through your mouth when you breathe. The result: halitosis otherwise known as bad breath. Avoid breath busters such as garlic, onions, and some other spicy foods.  But often, just improving your oral hygiene is usually enough to cure bad breath and stop it happening again.  To do this, make sure you:

  • floss between your teeth daily
  • brush your teeth and gums regularly
  • clean your tongue regularly
  • use a mouth wash. But be choosy as some have an undesirable smell of their own
  • cut back on alcohol and don’t use tobacco products

In conjunction with an oral hygiene regimen which includes brushing and flossing it is a proven way to kill the bacteria which causes all kinds of problems for your teeth, tongue, and gums. This simple, inexpensive procedure performed regularly is preventive medicine that can help avoid costly visits to the dentist. It is recommended as a complement to the other common oral hygiene practices because brushing and flossing are not sufficient to kill the bacteria that leads to bad breath, cavities, and more.

Have you ever talked to someone with stinky breath? It’s the bacteria growing in the mouth that is the culprit. Rinsing your mouth with salt water will kill that bacteria and eliminate the problem. A salt water solution temporarily increases the pH balance in your mouth, creating an alkaline environment in which bacteria struggle to survive. Because bacteria generally prefer an acidic setting, using the rinse often enough can kill the bacteria as it balances the chemicals in the mouth.

Salt’s Many Benefits

Raw salt, which is primarily sodium chloride, restricts bacterial growth in many foods and preserves them because it absorbs water molecules. Bacteria need moisture in order to thrive, so without enough water they cannot grow well. Salt water rinsing is not a new fad. Its use dates back to the Egyptians and Greeks- as far back as 16000 BC. Today, we have built upon the knowledge of our early ancestors by continuing to utilize the healing power of salt water for a wide range of purposes. These include oral hygiene and killing the problem-causing bacteria in our mouths. Because of the many healing qualities of salt, rinsing with it frequently after undergoing a dental procedure, especially minor surgery, is very beneficial. It is especially effective in the 24-hour period after such minor surgery. Dentists recommend salt water because it is gentler in killing harmful bacteria than some harsher prescription or over-the-counter remedies-especially those that are alcohol-based. A salt water rinse will also help to remove pesky food particles that hide between the teeth. It will soothe irritated gums as well. Beyond this, there are other benefits to be derived from rinsing with salt water.  It can help cure a sore throat due to a common cold and also soothe and heal mouth sores. A word of caution: washing your mouth with salt water and spitting it out is harmless but swallowing it in large quantities can be harmful.

Bad breath
Consult with your doctor

Making a Salt Water Rinse

Killing the harmful bacteria in the mouth with a salt water rinse is cheap and easy. Simply mix a ½ a teaspoon of salt in a cup or glass of warm water- that’s it. Remember to rinse your mouth every two to three hours for the first few days after the dental procedure or surgery. Then, use your salt rinse three to four times a day after that.  Killing bacteria in your mouth was never easier, quicker, or cheaper. In fact, salt is one of the cheapest ingredients you can buy, period. It’s a major reason why the versatile, humble salt rinse has survived the millennia and should be added to your daily health regimen today.

Book an appointment for dental cleaning here

 X-rays, also known as radiographs, are an essential part of any dental care treatment plan. They are diagnostic, but they can also be preventive, by helping a dentist detect potential oral care issues in a patient’s mouth before they become a major problem. The pros and cons of the dental x-ray are often the topic of heated debate. One factor, however, cannot be disputed.  There is simply not a better way to discover if a cavity or periodontal disease-or both- are present.

Disadvantage of Dental X-ray

The problem is the amount of radiation emanating from the dental x-ray and the prospects for causing cancer that distresses many people. Ionizing radiation is a form of radiation that has enough energy to potentially cause damage to DNA. Risks from exposure to ionizing radiation include a small increase in the possibility that a person exposed to x-rays will develop cancer later in life. Most dental experts agree that dental x-rays promote only a small increased risk of cancer in future from exposure to ionising radiation. Still, there is no denying that the radiation dosage from a dental x-ray is greater than that of the plain x-ray. What worries some patients about the radiation effects of the dental x-ray is that the after effects of x-ray exams may not be truly discovered until later in life.

Advantages of Dental X-Ray

First, it should be established that the dental x-ray is crucial to diagnosing dental problems and the radiation effect from a dental x-ray should not keep someone from seeking dental care. It is clear that the benefits of a dental x-ray far outweigh the risks. As for the worry about radiation, be advised that dental x-rays are one of the lowest radiation doses performed. Getting a bit technical for a moment- a routine exam which includes 4 bitewings is about 0.005 mSv, which is less than one day of natural background radiation. It is also about the same amount of radiation exposure from a short airplane flight of 1-2 hrs. The fact remains that many diseases of the teeth and surrounding tissues cannot be seen when your dentist examines your mouth without X-rays. Just a few things a dental x-ray may reveal:

  • Cavities in the teeth or below existing fillings;
  • Infections in the bone
  • Periodontal disease, and more
dental x-ray
Dental x-ray

Good News About Dental X-Ray

But patients should be comforted by the knowledge that technology has improved and the dental x-rays today expose us to much less radiation than before. Additionally, taking the simple precaution of using a protective apron can lower the risk of exposure to radiation. This step will limit the exposure to radiation that causes so much patient anxiety. These days, most aprons have an extra piece that wraps around the neck to protect the thyroid gland. So ask your dentist about an apron with the enhanced protection. For added relief for the patient is a declaration from the National Academy’s National Research Council which found that low doses of radiation pose some risk for cancer, but the risk is minimal. The Council opined, “It is unlikely that there is a threshold below which cancers are not induced, but at low doses, the number of radiation-induced cancers will be small.” Translation: don’t let the prospect of a dental x-ray deter you from proper dental care.


Choosing a dentist is a very difficult and crucial thing. The dentist has to be kind and professional, the dentistry should be close to your home, and should be well-equipped, last but not least the costs has to be affordable or the clinic should offer finance options, which suits to your conditions.

How to choose a dentist?

First of all you should decide between NHS and private dental care. Then it is advisable to choose a clinic, which is close to your home, because after some treatments, you may feel numbly or uncomfortable and want to arrive home early. You also have to take the finance options under consideration. After that you should choose your dentist. Go to a consultation and get to know your dentist personally! If your dentist is kind to you, the trust will be higher during the treatment.

Finance options at a dental practice

For dental treatment you can choose NHS dental care where you only have to pay a contribution.
If you decide to visit a private clinic, you can choose from different finance options:

  • You can pay by credit card, but in this case, there will be some interest rate (in average it is 1,5%) and monthly costs
  • You can also finance your treatment via healthcare finance company. They offer free or low finance options with low monthly payment costs. You can choose this option for medical or even cosmetic dentistry issues
  • You can have a dental insurance
  • Your employer can pay the dental care for you if a flexible spending account is available for you

Finance options at Forest&Ray

Our practice provides loans from £1000 – £25,000 for those patients, who are 21 years old or older and has been living in UK for at least 3 years. We have no interest finance option for 6/10/12 months below £1000 – £3000. It is suitable for shorter treatments, general or cosmetic dentistry and simpler orthodontic issues. Besides this, there is also a longer term finance option at our clinic, which is from £3000 for 2-5 years and has 9,9% interest rate. This would cover a tooth replacement treatment or an aesthetic orthodontics. These options help you start the treatment within a week and spread your dental costs, so you can easily build the loan into your monthly costs.

Calculate your finance option now!

If you have lost some teeth or even one tooth, you’ll be happy to know that there are three dental replacement options available to you with varying costs and outcomes. Actually, there are four choices because the fourth is to do nothing. But doing nothing will likely cause bigger problems for you later. If you’re reading this, you must be seriously considering dental replacement options. Remember, good teeth mean more than just a brilliant smile and added confidence. You will be able to speak and eat better, too. There are many factors to consider when making a dental replacement choice. Often, the cost is one. With that in mind, here are the dental replacement choices from the least to the most expensive and what is involved in each procedure.


This is the least expensive of your dental replacement options for a few good reasons. They:

  • Are temporary
  • Are not as secure as more permanent options
  • Are sometimes uncomfortable
  • Must be removed for proper cleaning

Dentures are frequently chosen because they are the cheapest option. If you choose them as your dental replacement choice, take comfort knowing that modern dentures can be made to look exceptionally good.  But, they can be uncomfortable at times if they do not fit quite well and could slip and slide. Ask your dentist how to remedy this situation if slipping occurs. Also, some patients are put off by having to remove them on occasion for cleaning. And they could break if dropped.

Dental Bridges

Dental bridges are often chosen because they are a compromise dental replacement choice between the cheaper but less permanent dentures and the more expensive implants.
Dental Bridges:

  • Are a permanent dental replacement solution
  • Is an option which doesn’t require surgery
  • Provide the same natural look and feel as dental implants
  • Allow you to eat normally without slippage

Dental bridges avoid the need for surgery by making use of the neighboring teeth and are a sound, cheaper alternative to implants. Bridges have been made for a long time and are an extremely inexpensive way to replace missing teeth. Be aware that there may be additional work required as drilling may be necessary for some teeth to accept crowns which anchor the bridges. With a new crown on the teeth either side of the gap, the dentist can suspend a new tooth and join it to those two new crowns. Be advised that the dentist may have to provide three new teeth. One is needed for each side of the space and the tooth to replace the missing one. This can be an unexpected extra cost.

Dental bridges
Dental bridge


If cost is not an issue in the dental replacement search, choose implants because they:

  • Are also a permanent solution
  • Will match your other teeth
  • May last longer than other options and, hence
  • Could be more cost- effective over time

A dental implant is a titanium replacement for your natural tooth inserted into your jaw bone that fuses to your jaw to create a secure ‘root’. It integrates with your mouth completely so you will find that, in most cases, a dental implant becomes a solid and permanent dental replacement for one or more missing teeth. The solution results in the implant matching the coloration of your current teeth and is also shaped to fit flawlessly with your natural teeth. This is especially important when considering a dental replacement for the all-important front tooth or teeth. Plan thoroughly with your dentist as treatment time will vary, though a usual case will take 3-5 months in total.

Summing Up

Now that you know what your dental replacement options are, it is important that you select the one that best suits your needs and your wallet. Take action now to replace your missing teeth to prevent possible future problems with bone loss in that area and your bite—and, of course, to get that great smile.


For the perfect smile at an affordable price, consider dental bonding or what is commonly called tooth bonding. This is a restorative solution with applications in both general and cosmetic dentistry. Some dentists view tooth bonding as a less expensive procedure best- suited for small cosmetic changes or for temporary correction of cosmetic defects. Why might you consider tooth bonding? First, tooth bonding is a safe, non-toxic and less expensive than some dental alternatives such as its close cousin dental veneers. Next, tooth bonding requires very little tooth preparation so you needn’t worry about discomfort. Lastly, after the procedure has strengthened and beautified your teeth, the teeth look and feel like natural tooth enamel.

When Should You Think About Dental Bonding?

What might lead you to consider tooth bonding? Here is a just a handful of reasons for which it may be useful:

  • By repairing decayed teeth by filling in the cavities with resins not amalgam fillings
  • By repairing chipped or cracked teeth
  • By making discolored teeth look more natural
  • By closing the gaps between teeth
  • By changing the shape of teeth

The Tooth Bonding Procedure

One of the benefits of tooth bonding is that little advance preparation is required. Often times, unless a decayed tooth requiring drilling is required, it can be performed without anesthesia. Also, if a chipped tooth has exposed a nerve, anesthesia might be needed. With that out of the way, your dentist will use a shade guide to select a composite resin color that will closely match the color of your tooth. Once that is done, the actual tooth bonding can begin.  Now, the tooth is ready to roughen and a conditioning liquid is applied to aid adherence.  Next, a tooth-colored, pasty resin is then applied, shaped, and smoothed after which a bright, typically blue light, or laser is then used to harden the material. The tooth bonding procedure is completed by the dentist’s final molding and polishing.

Tooth bonding
Caring For Your Bonded Teeth

The Pros And Cons Of Tooth Bonding

The primary reason that prospective patients look at tooth bonding is it’s the easiest and least expensive of cosmetic dental procedures.  Veneers and crowns, besides being more costly and time- consuming have to be manufactured off-site. Not so with dental bonding which, a tooth in most cases, can be done in one office visit. Other advantages include the saving of tooth enamel and, as mentioned, anesthesia is not required. Sounds good so far but what are some of the disadvantages? There are a few. The bonded tooth will be more susceptible to chipping and could separate from the tooth. It is also more likely to stain than the more permanent restorative procedures. Also, the tooth bonding procedure does not last as long as other restorative procedures such as veneers, crowns, and fillings but you should be able to wear them for up to 10 years successfully.

Caring For Your Bonded Teeth

The life of the dental bond will depend on how you take care of it. You must try to avoid hard candy, ice cubes and similar substances that can crack the composite material. It’s important as well as avoiding  opening food packaging with your teeth, chewing pen caps, and biting your fingernails.  Also, certain substances can also stain the resin used in bonding; coffee, tea, and tobacco products are three of the biggest offenders. And, of course, remember to brush regularly using a dentist-prescribed toothpaste and go back for cleanings every six months.

The aim of cosmetic dentistry is beautiful, aesthetic smile, which gives confidence and freedom to its owner. It can fix many problems in connection with the tooth colour, size, shape or also condition. Here are some interesting cosmetic dentistry procedures, which may also help you.

Gingival Contouring

Gummy smile – many people cope with this problem every day. This term means, that when you smile, not only your teeth, but also your gums are visible. Gummy smile can be corrected with several treatments, for example, surgical lip repositioning, orthodontics, laser gum reshaping and so on. These treatments are made by orthodontists, oral surgeons or periodontists, many of them can be done at a dentistry.


When you have tooth decay and you do not stop the problem on time, you can also have more serious issues later. The damaged surface can become too big for a filling or some part of your tooth can broke down. If your tooth do not have healthy part anymore, it should be extracted and replaced with an implant. However, if your tooth still has healthy parts, it can be saved with an inlay or onlay. This means, that the dentist recovers your teeth with porcelain or a precious metal of your choice. In some cases smaller inlays are made out of composite filling material. The difference between inlay and onlay is the size and the position. The inlay is used when the wall of the tooth or some cusps are missing, and the onlay is used, when the top of the tooth is missing. Inlays and onlays are made in the dental laboratory before being fitted into place.

Inlay / Onlay

Composite bonding

Dentists use tooth-coloured composite filling material for broken, chipped, discolored and decayed teeth to replace the missing parts of the teeth. They apply this material onto the surface of the tooth, sculpt it and harden with high-intensity light. This process usually takes one visit, but there are some cases, when the missing part has to be sculpted at the laboratory and placed onto the teeth at the next visit. After the bonding treatment, the result is a natural and healthy looking tooth.

Airflow teeth polishing is the superior way to remove the stains and discoloration caused by smoking or by drinking red wine, tea, and coffee. it whitens teeth while thoroughly removing  harmful dental plaque. It can be used to clean and open fissures before sealing and is the best cleaning method to use before bonding. It has fast become the go-to teeth cleaning for dental professionals.

Why Choose Airflow Stain Removal?

Cleaner, whiter teeth not only make you look and feel good, they also ensure fresh breath, help you feel confident, give you a brighter smile, and are a vital part of maintaining healthy oral hygiene.  Airflow polishing is double-good because not is only is it the most effective cleaning method for removing stubborn, unsightly stains, and dangerous plaque but it is also the most comfortable for you, the patient.  Importantly, it can get at plaque below the gum-line to prevent future problems like periodontal disease.
Air polishing, unlike some cleaning procedures, is a painless, fast and non-invasive method of cleaning. The non-toxic powder used in air polishing is also more pleasant and less gritty than the heavy paste used in traditional polishing.  It seemingly doesn’t touch the teeth as it thoroughly does the cleaning job. It even comes in flavours, such as spearmint, to enhance the patient’s pleasure. And, if you suffer like so many of our patients with sensitivity especially whilst cleaning, then you’ll love the air flow polisher.

Additional Airflow Advantages

Airflow polishing is certainly more comfortable than the abrasive cleaning methods of the past.  Because it doesn’t come in contact with the teeth and avoids heat and vibration, air flow polishing is ideal for those who suffer from sensitive teeth. But it also has some other benefits which could save you money in the long run.  For example, the high-pressure airflow treatment can blast away at slight decay occurring near the surface of the teeth so that time-consuming and expensive drilling may not be necessary later. Airflow polishing can also encourage the re-mineralization of damaged teeth. Who knows how much costly dental work down the road it may prevent?

To summarize, Airflow teeth polishing is

  • More effective
  • More comfortable
  • Faster
  • Cost- effective In The Long Term

Ask the dental professionals at the Forest & Ray for more details about the superior Airflow teeth cleaning procedure today!

Air Flow Teeth Cleaning Cost in London

Airflow teeth cleaning cost in London is  from £87 (done by hygienist).
Airflow teeth cleaning treatment price is from £117 (done by dentist).

Are you missing all your teeth and looking for a way to change your dentures to something permanent and aesthetic? Ask about ‘All-on-4 (Same-day teeth)’! The term refers to ‘all’ teeth being supported ‘on four’ dental implants.  As a result, just 4 implants can replace all teeth in your upper or lower jaw even in a day! 

Many people suffer from a complete lack of teeth because of treatment failure, fear of dental appointments or disease. Removable dentures are always an option, but let us introduce to you something that will make your life comfort much higher.

We recommend the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) to anyone who:

  • has lost an entire arch of teeth
  • doesn’t want to deal with having to adhere and re-adhere dentures every single day
  • wants to have a long term, secure solution to tooth loss

How does it work?

That’s right.  You can now replace an entire jaw of teeth with just 4 implants and the best technique to do so is the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth).

Before any decision will be made, the dentist/implantologist will thoroughly examine you and your x-rays, likely will refer you for a CT scan (3D images of your jaw or part of it).  Afterwards the decision regarding the treatment option will be made in consultation with the implantologist who will be performing the surgery.

Once the decision is made, the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) procedure is quick and easy: all 4 dental implants are inserted during the same appointment. The procedure itself is painless and safe for your general health, as it takes place under local anaesthetic.  Great news! For many people it is entirely possible to attach provisional, non removable teeth on the same day as implant placement. Within just a few hours you will be able to go home with your brand new smile.  The healing time, during which the implants are being incorporated into your jawbone, is usually around 3 months.  In this time we kindly request you to see us for reviews to monitor your progress.

After 3 months your permanent teeth are made to measure, and once ready, it is being screwed to the implants.

Here are the four implants

Why All-on-four?

The main advantage of the All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) is the confidence it gives you, both comfort-wise and aesthetically.

You take care of your new teeth the same way you would of your original ones.  Adhesion is no longer a problem – your new teeth sit in your mouth 24/7, just as they should!

BPA-free fillings are tooth coloured but being eco-friendly, they are green. BPA stands for bisphenol A. BPA is a controversial industrial chemical that has been used to make certain plastics and resins for decades and has been found to have unhealthful side effects. Scientists have managed to find oral enzymes that leak BPA into the bloodstream from composite resin dental fillings. As a result, patients are more frequently asking for BPA-free fillings and, at Forest &Ray Dental, we are listening.  

For health reasons, many patients have been replacing their mercury-laden amalgam fillings with newer, more attractive white composite resins. Even dentists who profess to be holistic are taking out silver fillings and replacing them with white fillings that have BPA. But what purpose does this serve if the composite fillings contain BPA you might be prompted to ask? Studies done over the years showed that BPA can be found in the saliva a mere 10 minutes after placing the filling. At Forest& Ray dental clinic, in striving to be a green office, understands these concerns. We offer BPA-free fillings. Our goal at Forest& Ray is to reduce the impact on our health and natural environment while offering you the most effective, affordable dental care in a pleasant and comfortable environment.

BPA in our Environment

While patients are rightly concerned about BPA, they shouldn’t be overly concerned. After all, BPA is everywhere in our environment and besides, as previously mentioned, at F&R we use BPA-free fillings. Recent studies have shown trace elements of plastic particles even in some of the supposed high-priced bottled water that we buy at the store. There is even the chance that you can be contaminated by BPA from constantly reusing and refilling plastic bottles. That’s another reason why many of our health-conscious patients coming to Forest& Ray are opting for safer alternatives and are seeking not only metal-free alternatives but BPA free fillings as well.

Bpa-free filling - green
BPA-free filligns are available at Forest&Ray

BPA Free Alternatives

Tooth-coloured restorations that are Bisphenol-A-(BPA) free would automatically exclude almost all resin composite restoratives and their corresponding bonding agents. Therefore, in this case, the choices would be limited to glass ionomer restoratives (in case of Class 3 or 5 direct restorations) or indirect restorations made with porcelain products (inlays, onlays,  and crowns) and cemented with glass ionomer cements.
Material which is BPA-free can be a nano-hybrid composite. It provides exceptional strength and the low shrinkage unlike most composite materials containing BPA. Colour adaption, ease of polish and enduring shine are also hallmarks of the material.

For a green, eco-friendly dental experience—including BPA free fillings, choose Forest& Ray!


NHS also has dental service, but it is very debated. So much surveys point out, that many people cannot afford it even if it is a public service. This is why NHS service may not reach its purpose.

Problems and facts

According to the British Dental Association, 600.000 people visit GPs for dental care in a year instead of going to a dentist and it costs £26m for the NHS.
In addition one in five patients pass over dental treatment because of the costs. It is a very serious problem because if you do not visit the dentist on time, your teeth will permanently decay  and the problem will become more and more serious and difficult to handle.
This situation also affects children: around 46.400 children need to go to the hospital a year because of tooth decay. In the case of children, dental care is crucial because it establishes their oral health in their whole life. According to a survey, one in seven children have not visited a dentist ever under the age 8.

Financial issues

For NHS dental service, you have to pay contribution for your treatment. There are four types of cost, what you can pay for the care, from around £20 to £240. Many patients cannot afford this amount of money, and do not understand, why they should pay for a relatively ‘free’ treatment.

NHS Dentist

What can you do?

You can do several things to reduce tooth decay: 

  • wash your teeth twice a day, use mouthwash and dental floss
  • eat healthy foods
  • pay attention to all the changes in your mouth

If you have children:

  • teach your children the right tooth brushing technique
  • help them to reduce their sugar intake
  • examine their teeth regularly to notice tooth decay on time

There are pros and cons to brightening up at the dentist’s office or home teeth whitening. For great results fast – for weddings and other events, in-office whitening is ideal for these patients and it will only take one to two hours. Home teeth whitening may take two weeks of one to two hour daily applications. Some patients start with in-office and continue their teeth whitening at home, with the trays and gel. However, they both produce the same result- a beautiful, confident smile.

Comparing whitening methods

Regardless of your choice, the dentist needs to evaluate initial tooth colour, areas of enamel wear, and existing restorations to pick the correct form of whitening for each patient. It is definitely the fastest way to whiter teeth and, face it, everyone would like things as quick and as easy as possible. That’s why in- office treatment was created. No homework, no fuss, no muss is involved, just come in and get it done. While all treatments work, some work better and some last longer.
Many have found that the whitest result that lasted the longest is a combination of in office and take home products. The combination of both office and home whitening work well.

If you use just home whitening on a regular schedule like once or twice a week, it would whiten your smile as well.   But, if you are looking for the whit-EST your own teeth can get, dentist assisted treatment is best. The professional, human element is key to whiter teeth safely. So, don’t be tempted to buy kits over-the-counter or on the Internet. Not only are they not made to fit your mouth exactly, it may be that bleaching isn’t suitable for you, especially if you have gum disease or crowns. There is absolutely no difference between the whitening gels sold online or from the dentist. So it is best to purchase whitening gel from an online teeth whitening retailer with a dentist’s guidance. Professional supervision, therefore, ensures effectiveness and safety.

When Considering Home Teeth Whitening

Whitening at home is big business, with a wide range of options for consumers to choose from. The most important thing to look for in at-home kits is that they fit the size and shape of your teeth. Example, whitening strips are straight across and your teeth are scalloped. Make sure the at-home bleaching kits cover your whole tooth otherwise you will have two-toned teeth or irritated gums. This is just another reason why whitening teeth at home is best done with a dentist’s oversight. Not to mention that the dentist is in the perfect place to examine your teeth for any existing problems- such as gum disease- before you begin your home teeth whitening. Typically, at home whitening systems get your teeth up to 2-6 shades whiter with nightly treatment. The in-office treatment may get your teeth about 8 shades whiter. So, going the over-the-counter (OTC) route may not give you the dramatic whitening results that you desire. Even if you’re planning on using OTC home teeth whitening kits, you should consult your dentist because only the dentist can provide pivotal insight about how effective whitening may be given your specific mouth. Also, if you’ve decided to go it alone, be careful. When using the over-the-counter bleaches, there is a chance your teeth may get over-bleached. Professional advice beforehand can prevent this from occurring.

Advice: when beginning your teeth whitening quest and trying to decide whether the dentist’s chair or at home is better–start with your dentist!

Looking for comprehensive, quality dental care in London at a reasonable cost? Look no further than the team of dental professionals at Forest& Ray.  The lynchpin of operation is our state of the art dental clinic which is centrally located in Bloomsbury Street in the heart of London. What makes it even more convenient are our hours of operation. We accommodate your busy lifestyle and schedule by staying open until late in the evening 7 days a week! We are also keen to be available should you need an emergency appointment.

Benefits of Forest& Ray

There are many other reasons to choose Forest& Ray besides accessibility and convenience. One is that our Highly experienced dentists and support team are multi-lingual and boast decades of combined experience. We also speak your language!  The dental professionals, in addition to English of course,  we speak Hungarian, Greek, French, Italian, Polish, and Russian.

All Dental Procedures in One Place

We practice the full array of dental procedures in our sparkling facility. Whether your need is for full mouth rehabilitation, hygienics or general dentistry, you’ll choose wisely with Forest& Ray. We practice a full range of dentistry from oral surgery and dental implantology to cosmetic treatments and orthodontics– including full-mouth rehabilitation. We specialize in general dentistry, tooth replacement  – all in one place.

All procedures in one place
At Forest& Ray we believe no one should forego dental work because of the cost.

Choose to Finance

Speaking about money, at Forest& Ray we believe no one should forego dental work because of the cost. We are aware that some people put off needed dental care because of the initial money outlay. Not to worry. At Forest& Ray, we are here to help with comfortable financing options which let you spread out the payments over time.  Now, maybe for a few pence a day, you can have a beautiful mouth.  It could be the way to go if you are a UK resident for at least 3-years, 21 or over and have a permanent job.

 Our Financing Options:

  • Deposit free or low cost finance
  • Spread the cost of your dental treatment
  • Decision usually within 24-48 hours
  • 12 months interest free credit under £3000 loan
  • Easy to apply for
  • Start treatment within 2 weeks after contract

* There are some other stipulations, so check with us for more details about this attractive option

 What Are You Waiting For?

Perhaps you’ve been putting off the pathway to gorgeous teeth and that beautiful smile you’ve always wanted. Wait no more – you’ll find it all at Forest& Ray. Our professionals are waiting for you and do so at a price that will make you smile even more.

“If your teeth and gums are in excellent condition, you may want to consider an (at-home) whitening kit,” says Kellee Kattleman Stanton, DDS, a spokeswoman for the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry.

Teeth whitening home kit

As teeth whitening ‘s popularity grew with patients, manufacturers scrambled to respond to customer wants. The result is the whole range of at-home whitening products you see in stores today. When considering home teeth whitening kits, it makes good sense to have your dentist involved in the treatment rather than go it completely alone.  Custom-made trays (dental cups fitted to the contour of your teeth) must be manufactured in order to ensure the whitening solution is properly distributed. Without these, a lot of the solution could be wasted or put onto areas of the mouth that may be damaged. This is where the expertise of the dental professional is important and why the dentist should still be part of the teeth whitening process even if it is performed at home.
Whitening home kit
Results of whitening home kit

Steps to Obtaining and Using a Professional Teeth Whitening Home kit:

  • Impressions would first be taken from both your upper and lower teeth using non-toxic dental putty. These would be sent to a specialty lab to make the trays. This part of the process takes around one to two weeks from start to finish.
  • Plastic Bleaching Trays are made that fit over the user’s upper and lower teeth.
  • When the trays are ready, an appointment would be set to show you how to properly dispense and apply the solution and other instructions needed to obtain the optimal results.
  • To perform treatments, the user places whitening gel in the trays and then seats them over their teeth.
  • The trays are then worn for a prescribed period of time (often multiple hours per day, or else overnight), for a series of days or weeks, as the effects of the whitening process gradually take place.
  • After two weeks of treatment, a follow-up appointment would be made to track your results and see how they compare to your reference shade.
  • The additional whitening solution can be used for touch-ups if needed.
After whitening, Remove the tray and rinse your teeth and brush away any remaining gel. Continue to brush and floss and maintain routine dental cleaning habits.

Chairside tooth whitening is a light-activated whitening session in a dentist’s office It is sometimes called chairside-bleaching and results in instantly and often dramatically whiter teeth. The whitening agent is applied as a gel placed in a mouthpiece or as a strip that sticks to your teeth. Whitening toothpaste is sometimes used. They contain abrasives that remove stains on the enamel.

Chairside teeth whitening

Chairside bleaching (whitening) refers to bleaching procedures that are not available over the counter. These bleaching techniques require appointments with your dentist and you should be aware that the treatment will not work on crowns, veneers, or bonding. For your information, bleaching procedures change your natural tooth colour, usually anywhere from five to seven shades brighter.

Before teeth whitening at dentist

Before deciding on whether to undergo chairside teeth whitening you should be aware of what to expect as well as what it can’t do. It is important to know that tooth whitening is not always universally effective. Not all stains can be lightened by professional bleaching, and your dentist will be able to give you guidance. If you have sensitive teeth, gum disease or teeth with worn enamel, your dentist may discourage tooth whitening. Prior to initiating any form of tooth whitening, a proper examination should be performed to render a proper diagnosis of the cause of discoloration. Once the proper diagnosis and considerations are determined, then the dentist can advise the patient whether he or she is a good candidate for bleaching, which type of bleaching may work well, and what to expect from bleaching. In the examination, the clinician will evaluate both the functional considerations and the aesthetic considerations of the patient.

Results of teeth whitening

Speaking of aesthetics, the best aesthetic outcome is achieved when the colour of the teeth match the colour of the sclera of the eyes. Usually, you will have to follow-up the office treatment with some at- home applications.

Does professional teeth whitening damage my teeth?

Some patients worry that teeth whitening may harm their teeth in the long term. You don’t have to worry. Teeth whitening gel will NOT damage or harm your teeth or the tooth enamel. Enamel is considered the hardest tissue in the human body. But your teeth may experience temporary sensitivity after the procedure from the whitening products. This will dissipate.

Teeth whitening at dentist
What to Expect After Teeth Whitening

What to Expect After Teeth Whitening At Dentist

Once your teeth have been whitened, be aware that after a year or so of eating and drinking normally (coffee, tea, red wine, soft -drinks), your teeth become slightly discoloured again and develop new stains. Tobacco products are also a big contributor as is something no one can control- aging. Over time, the teeth darken with a yellow, brown, green or grey cast (which may be due to heredity and/or eating habits). The good news is that yellowed teeth tend to whiten most readily.  So, depending on your eating and drinking habits, additional chairside teeth whitening sessions should become a part of your regular regimen of dental hygiene. But, judging from results, it’s definitely worth it.  In general, for most people, chairside tooth whitening will produce dramatic results resulting in a beautiful, confident smiling you. And, after all, isn’t that the goal of chairside teeth whitening?


If a tooth is so far decayed that the cusps are completely gone, but there is no real need to extract the tooth, or if a tooth is damaged and incomplete but otherwise healthy, then it is time to get a dental crown. Your tooth will be shaped and a dental crown will be placed on top of the tooth stub, restoring healthy chewing and biting functions for years to come. But the tooth underneath the crown can break, crack or become damaged. This threatens the stability of the dental crown, and is the cause of many potential dental problems, from tooth decay to damaging the gums, and you may even swallow your crown!

What causes cracked tooth syndrome?

Cracked tooth syndrome is caused by some kind of damage that has occurred to the tooth stub underneath the dental crown. This can be damage due to improper oral care, as then the tooth stub decays, as it is a tooth just like any other. Many patients neglect the teeth that have dental crowns, thinking that they are already done, and need no further support. They need to be cleaned and flossed, just like other teeth. If this does not happen, tooth decay will set in, and may jeopardise the stability of the dental crown.

How to prevent cracked tooth syndrome

In order to prevent the tooth stub under the crown form decaying, it is important to treat it like any other tooth. This might not be your first instinct, as it is an artificial tooth, and it is made of porcelain and does not hurt. But it needs care just like any other tooth, as it is a tooth, with all of the parts of the tooth on it. This means that you will need to brush it, floss it, and pretty much do everything to it that you normally would to a tooth. If you keep up a rigorous oral hygiene routine that includes the teeth with prosthetics like dental crowns on it, you should be able to avoid cracked tooth syndrome.

dental crown

Process of correction

If you have cracked tooth syndrome, you will need to go to a dentist immediately. The dentist will need to take the crown off, and will need to restore your tooth, before putting a new crown on. Since your tooth has changed, the original crown will no longer fit properly, even if it is in perfect condition, and a new one will have to be made. The tooth underneath will need to be root canaled, but if it broke close enough to the gum ling that restoring it is no longer an option, then an extraction will become necessary.


Dental crowns do not last forever, even if their lives are measured in decades and not in years. They can fail over time, from repeated use and from the pressures of chewing and biting, and they can crack or break due to improper use and being improperly kempt, and, very rarely, they can have some kind of defect that is inherent to them because they were poorly made or the materials had some kind of defect. This is why dental crowns usually come with a guarantee, as ones that have problems that are inherent in their manufacturing should not be paid for by the patient. But what should you do if your crown breaks? A broken crown can be dangerous, as it can be sharp or have jagged edges that can cut your tongue or cheek, or can damage the soft tissues in your mouth in other ways. Here is what you can do to help your situation.

Do NOT remove your dental crown!

The most important thing is not to start yanking at it and try to get the dental crown out, as this can damage your tooth stub or dental implant that the dental crown is housed on. If it is already off of the tooth mostly, and can be gently removed, then do so, but remember to keep the crown so that the dentist can have an easier time making a new one for you. If it does not come off easily, do not yank it at all, as this can damage your tooth or dental implant.

Get an emergency appointment

If the crown didn’t just pop off, but actually is just partially loose, or if it broke or cracked open, it is time to book an emergency appointment immediately. The problem must be seen by a professional and taken care of right away. If you don’t solve this problem, it can cut your soft tissues, or you may end up swallowing the crown, or bits of it, which is not healthy at all.

Use wax if necessary

If you can, cover the sharp bits of the crown (if it is broken and has sharp bits) with dental wax. This will create a soft layer on top of the edges, and this will make it more comfortable and easier to deal with, and will prevent problems.


A new study that was done on the link between confidence and self-consciousness suggests that the thing that people are least confident about is their weight, followed closely by their smile, and the condition of their teeth. The study was done for Invisalign by the Harris Poll institute, and was conducted in America, with over 2 000 individuals being surveyed. By asking questions relating to confidence and about appearance, the study has done a real service to cosmetic dentistry, and we wish to share some of the results with you.


  • According to this study, some 70% of those that were asked believed that making one change to their appearance would drastically improve their confidence and social standing.
  • Besides weight, teeth are the number two trait that most Americans feel self-conscious about, with some 57% saying that the condition of their teeth, and whether or not they are straight being incredibly important to confidence.
  • A whopping 63% of those asked said that confidence makes people appear happier, and 44% said they appear more attractive as well.
  • Of those participants who have had their teeth straightened, a staggering 92% said that having straight teeth was integral to their confidence.

Conclusions drawn from the Harris Poll

The conclusions that can be drawn from this study are pretty self-explanatory. Those who have already straightened their teeth almost overwhelmingly agree that it is a factor in boosting their confidence. But the study also tells us that people who are perceived as confident are perceived as being more successful, happier and more attractive. Straight teeth are definitely a priority for Americans, even if many of them do not have it. The study can be viewed here

Why choose Invisalign

Invisalign is an extremely helpful tool in boosting confidence, as it not only boosts confidence after the treatment is done, but can be worn nearly completely invisibly. This means that people who are suffering from a lack of confidence can really benefit from wearing this, as Invisalign does not further mar the appearance of the patient. Talk to your orthodontist if Invisalign is right for you, and gain back the confidence you have lost because of crooked teeth.

Although removable braces can only treat certain kinds of orthodontic problems, the ones they can treat, they treat much better, much quicker and with much less discomfort. The advantages of Invisalign over other removable braces are simply undeniable: it is more comfortable, more aesthetically pleasing and can even be more cost efficient. Here are a few advantages that these kinds of orthodontics have over other forms of removable appliances!


Although this can change from person to person, and there are many factors (like sensitivity, shape and size of the palate, etc.) that can affect how a brace feels, it is safe to say that most patients report Invisalign as the most comfortable solution, and that is certainly an advantage. The reported satisfaction level is extremely high and this is understandable: clear aligners like Invisalign use weak occlusal forces to gently guide the teeth into a new, better position, and this requires much less force, much less torque, which ultimately means much less pain and discomfort for the patient.


Clear aligners are the most aesthetic kind of orthodontic brace. This is because they are made of a special clear plastic that is completely transparent, allowing you to smile with confidence. It is much more aesthetically pleasing than any other orthodontic solution, and can be removed when necessary (please keep in mind that Invisalign braces must be worn for at least 22 hours a day to be effective).


Removable braces are a much more hygienic solution that fixed braces, because you can take them out when eating and clean them whenever they feel dirty. Clear aligners also have the advantage of not having any pointy or sharp bits, meaning they will not cause damage to the soft tissues and will not scratch the tooth enamel, allowing for a more hygienic orthodontic treatment with less infections, inflammations or painful accidents.
Please be aware that although Invisalign and other clear aligners have advantages over fixed braces, they can only provide a set amount of dental treatments, meaning that more complicated orthodontic treatments are simply not possible with Invisalign. Always ask your orthodontist if this kind of brace is right for you!

Speed up your life! New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!
You can read several suggestions for the New Year’s resolution below:

1. I am going to visit my dentist and start my treatment

It is very important to visit your dentist at least once a year, who checks your current condition and if necessary makes a treatment plan for you. In general, the panoramic X-ray is the part of the dental check-up which can diagnose wide variety of problems. For example, there may be a far more serious problem behind your tooth sensitivity. Fortunately, these problems are noticeable during the check-up and can be treated by the dentist.

2. I am going to start my orthodontic treatment

Did you know that you can start orthodontic treatment even in adulthood? Fortunately, you can also have a brace as an adult, and there are plenty of options available to you. You can choose a fixed metal brace, an aesthetic tooth-colored brace, or even an almost invisible and removable appliances.

3. I am going to visit the dental hygienist twice a year

Did you know that home dental care is not enough to keep your teeth clean? There are some parts of your teeth that can only be cleaned by a specialist. In these areas tartar can easily form and can cause bad breath or several diseases such as gingivitis. Therefore it is highly advisable to get rid of it by professional dental cleaning as soon as possible. You do not have to worry about this treatment at all, the hygienist uses a completely painless ultrasound device for it. After the scaling and polishing, it is harder for the tartar to stick on the surface again, and you feel your teeth clean and healthy after the treatment.

4. I am going to replace my missing teeth

If you have been planning to replace your missing teeth for a long time, New Year is a wonderful opportunity to get started! Whether it is one tooth or the whole denture, you should start it as soon as possible. Tooth loss is not just an aesthetic problem: the missing teeth make your healthy teeth decay faster or even fall out; in addition, you may also have problems with chewing, and not properly chewed food can lead to further serious problems.

Happy couple
New year, new chance to visit your dentist and have a beautiful smile!

Choose the dental treatment that suits your needs!

What do you want to change on your teeth this year?
I would like to have straight teeth with cost-effective solutions
I would like to have straight teeth with almost invisible orthodontic aligners
I wish they were cleaner and healthy
I would like to replace my missing teeth
Firstly, I want to know everything about the condition of my teeth


The Minamata convention effectively outlaws the mining, sale and production of mercury, and the support of industry that uses any levels of mercury. The aim of this convention was to completely eradicate mercury from industry, and to stop its use as an industrial chemical, with specific guidelines towards easing the participating countries off of the use of this deadly chemical. One of the industries affected by this is dentistry, as that staple of old time dentistry, amalgam fillings, which is still a very important part of conservative dentistry in most poorer countries, is made of mercury, among other metals. This means that amalgam fillings will be banned.

Negative health effects of amalgam fillings

Amalgam negatively affects the central nervous system, causing all kinds of neurological decay and cognitive dysfunctions. Miners who are exposed to high level of mercury suffer from an itching or burning sensation under the skin, also from the skin coming off of the body (desquamation), and a loss of hair, teeth and skin. Hypertension and an irregular heart beat are also common, as is muscle weakness and various kinds of rashes. It is easy to see just form these symptoms why this material is now banned. Aside from protecting miners and people who live near mercury mines that contaminate drinking water, people who have amalgam fillings are also at risk, as amalgam fillings tend to leak mercury into the host body, where it stays for a long time.

Sad woman
Amalgam filling has several negative effects

Amalgam fillings leach mercury

Aside from other heavy metals that are also released into the mouth and absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth, mercury leaches from amalgam fillings over time. Although this leaching isn’t too bad, the problem with mercury is that it is not dissolved by the body, but slowly builds up over time, causing ever worsening and worsening symptoms. The material is also extremely difficult to remove, although it can be treated with various kinds of antidotes.
It is clear that aside form a general environmental and worker protection issue, there is a clear public health issue with mercury as well. Although most Western countries have signed on to the Minamata convention (that came about in Japan to compensate the victims of mercury overdose as an effort to ban the world wide use of mercury), many still have not, and most third world countries still haven’t.


Tooth pain while you dine at Christmas, broken tooth due to mum’s famous gingerbread biscuits, fallen out fillings or infected, inflamed gums… we are all afraid of these to happen while we have our well deserved Christmas break. The good news is that most of these problems could be prevented if we turn to our dentist on time. Read our article to see when to proceed with which treatment or what to do if tooth pain knocked on your door at Christmas eve.

What are the recommended dental treatments at the beginning of December?

If during the year we missed our dental appointments we can still catch up on them at the beginning of December. It’s worth to visit the dentist 1 month before Christmas for a check up so we can avoid the busy dental clinics and get done any necessary treatments if needed.

Treatments that are best to be dealt with before the festive season:

  • half-year checkup: it is very important to go to a dental check-up every 6 months for peace of mind and your teeth will be pleased to be in a good shape, ready for the festive treats
  • smaller fillings and change of old fillings: it is worth getting the old fillings checked by the dentist therefore there is no need to worry about them falling out or breaking during the Christmas gatherings
  • getting ready for your implants: it is advised to start the first steps of your treatment well before Christmas such as tooth extraction as the wounds would heal by the holidays and you would be ready to continue your treatment in January with placing the implants in. Find out, what is the best implant solution for you!
Christmas tree
Christmas tree

What are the treatments which could be done right before Christmas?

Wouldn’t it be great to welcome your guests at Christmas with a bright smile which would sparkle even more than the Christmas lights? Treatments which doest require healing time could be easily planned in right before the holidays. We could visit the dental hygienist to get our teeth professionally cleaned and even get a teeth whitening treatment which could be done at home with a whitening kit advised by your dentist or you could get it done right at the dental clinic.

What are the dental treatments which need to wait after the holidays?

There are treatments that take a lot longer to finish and we need to calculate with healing time after each dental visit therefore it is no point to mess up your relaxing festive mood with pain and discomfort.

These treatments are:

  • root canal treatment: you will have to visit your dentist more than once to get the treatment done and could involve temporary fillings and antibiotic treatments also
  • tooth extraction: the healing time could be quite long and you may need stitches and removal of those which could cause pain and discomfort easily
  • dental implant: the surgical treatments are timely and involve several visits to the dentists
  • crowns and bridges: your dentist may use temporary crowns or bridge during the treatment which are a lot more likely to break than the final ones. Find out, what is the best implant solution for you!

You would be hard pressed to find a dental clinic that would give you amalgam fillings, as the production and use of mercury has been outlawed by the Minamata convention. Newer fillings are going to be composite resin fillings that are made of several different kinds of synthetic materials, including Bis-GMA, glass ionomer and other monomers that form an artificial resin. This synthetic material is photosensitive and hardens when a light is shined on it, filling in the recess or cavity it is placed in perfectly.

Amalgam fillings

But what of fillings that are already in the mouth done years ago? Amalgam fillings are usually replaced for a number of reasons, the primary one being aesthetic. The black spots make it very easy to identify amalgam fillings and they are visible even from a distance, as they are such a different colour than living teeth. The other reason is because amalgam leaches heavy metals into the bloodstream if left in for long enough. As all materials, amalgam also degrades over time, meaning it starts to fall apart. Amalgam fillings are an amalgamation of tin, silver, mercury and a whole bunch of other materials, almost all of them harmful to the human body. Mercury in particular is very bad for your central nervous system. If you needed another reason, they also make inferior filling materials to composite resin for one reason alone: they shrink over time. This means that the cavity will be exposed, and infections and further tooth decay often start from around old amalgam fillings. Composite fillings, on the other hand, are primarily adhesives, and will stick jot the inside of the teeth, and will not shrink over time, as they do not dehydrate and do not interact with water at all.

Amalgam fillings

Replacing fillings

When you go to the dentist and tell them you want your amalgam fillings replaced, they will more than likely comply with you and suggest getting composite resin fillings. Getting the amalgam removed is a good idea, because it will tax your system less, and the tooth will be safer, as further decay is unlikely, and it will be more aesthetically pleasing. The procedure does not take significantly longer than getting a tooth filling, and shuls be over in half an hour to 45 minutes or so.


If you need a filling, you will be confronted with the possibility of getting amalgam fillings, or white fillings. Most places in England do not carry amalgam fillings anymore, and it is no surprise: they contain mercury, which is very bad for the environment and cannot be mined in a safe manner. But does that fact make white fillings, or tooth coloured fillings as they are sometimes called necessarily better? There are a number of things to look at in a tooth filling to determine how good it is, and we shall take a look at them below.

What to look for in a filling

Tooth fillings of any kind should be able to do three things: stop bacterial infections from spreading, seal up affected bits of tooth material, and last a long time. If we take these three things into account, there isn’t that much difference between the fillings themselves. Sure amalgam fillings last a lot longer than tooth coloured white fillings, but they have the chance of not filling up the cavity entirely and having an infection on the sides of the tooth fillings, which will require new fillings. Sure amalgam is more antibacterial, but white fillings seal up the hole perfectly. So really, while one filling may be stronger in some respects than the other, there is very little difference. Here is a breakdown:

Durability: Amalgam fillings

Antibacterial strength: Same

Sealing: Tooth coloured fillings

The Crucial Difference

The crucial difference that makes white fillings undoubtedly better than amalgam fillings lies in the chemical makeup of the fillings themselves. Amalgam fillings leach mercury into your system and they also have trace amounts of lead and other harmful heavy metals. They conduct electricity and can be harmful to your central nervous system. Besides that, mining mercury is extremely bad for workers and the environment, and can as it is a liquid, it can leach into aquifers and contaminate soil for centuries. This crucial difference makes amalgam less desirable. To combat the environmental exploitation associated with the mercury industry, the Minamata convention was signed, and the UK is a part of it.

The tumor is a kind of cell proliferation that damages tissues around it and it may also have fatal consequences. It is important to note that 90% of oral cancer can be cured if we recognize it on time.

Come to us for a FREE* dental check-up and oral cancer screening!

Who is affected

Oral cancer could affect anyone but people over the age of 50 are the most affected and men are twice as likely to have this illness.

The following could increase the chance of the illness:

  • smoking
  • chewing or smokeless tobacco
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • HPV disease
  • unhealthy diet

Come to us for a FREE* dental check-up and oral cancer screening!

Symptoms of Mouth Cancer

  • red or white patches
  • long-lasting ulcers or unusual lumps or swellings in the mouth, lips, head and neck
  • chewing difficulties
  • pain, sensitivity, torpidity in the affected area
  • bleeding in the mouth
Mouth Cancer Check
Check for changes!

Prevention of Mouth Cancer

Changing your lifestyle could highly reduce the chance of oral cancer. Pay attention to the right nutrition, eat plenty of vitamins and fiber-rich foods. It is a good idea to reduce your alcohol consumption and try to stop smoking.
Additionally, it is very important to do self-examination if you notice anything unusual at the mouth area, visit your doctor!
If you visit the dentist every six months and attend an oral cancer screening, the dentist can discover the symptoms and find the source of the problem.


  • surgical removal of the tumor
  • radiotherapy
  • chemotherapy


Oral surgery is a facet of medicine that is used when the problems in the mouth can only be resolved using surgical techniques. Some procedures may involve surgical extractions, in which the tooth is rather difficult to extract (like wisdom teeth, for instance), curettage, removal of irregular growths form the mouth, but curing severe cases of periodontitis is also a surgical procedure. In general, only very advanced cases and very difficult cases require oral surgery. Below, you may find some of the cases in which oral surgery may need to be used to rectify a situation.

When to expect a surgical extraction

Surgical extractions are usually reserved for wisdom teeth, and teeth that are somehow difficult to get to. Sometimes, an x-ray may show that a tooth has irregular tooth roots, or the tooth roots are tangled or very close to the dental nerve. In these cases, some cutting may become necessary.


Sometimes irregular growths can appear in the mouth, like tumours, necrotic soft tissues like gums or the walls of the alveolus, or any excess soft tissues that may grow. Usually, curettage is reserved for parts of the soft tissue that have died as a result of periodontitis or gingivitis. It consists of a scraping away of necrotic tissue with a curette. Curettage can occur on the visible part of the gum, or even in the deeper connective tissues, too, and many times the alveolus (a pocket of soft tissues and sinews that keep teeth in place) may need to be separated from the crest of bone that runs beneath the teeth.

Have beautiful smile with no age limit!

Dental implants

The most common oral surgical procedure is getting a dental implant. This is an artificial tooth root that is drilled into the jawbone in the place of an already missing tooth. A dental crown goes atop the artificial tooth root, and thus the dental implants I the only way to completely replace every part and aspect of a missing tooth

How to prepare for oral surgery

The success of an oral surgical procedure depends as much on the dentist as it does on the patient. Patients must keep pretty strict after care rules, and must follow instructions precisely, or the risk of infection will linger. As oral surgery will leave you with open wounds in the mouth, the risks of infection are fairly high. The aftercare instructions will include allowing the surgical site to heal for a given time (usually a number of days), and avoiding certain foods like dairy products.


In places that traditionally have had to go without dentistry or dental treatment, you can see all sorts of superstitions pop up. Whether it is the use of a plant or prayer, or a concoction or a patron saint, every culture has some kind of way to try and alleviate the incredible pain that is associated with toothaches. In the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu, there is a rather strange tree that is used in a last ditch effort to try and get through the pain of untreated tooth decay.

Vaisha Dev

The many, many different kinds of Hindu gods that are responsible for minor things (like the flow of a particular river, the fleece of sheep, or even toothaches) are called Devi. These Devi control minor aspects of life, and have interactions with humans, and can thus be prayed to and in other ways summoned and begged for help. Vaisha Dev is the spirit or God responsible for toothaches. The incarnation of this god is a tree stump. This stump is said to have been cut form a legendary tree known as Bangemudha. This sacred tree is said to have all sorts of magical and healing properties, and is not that different from the relics of the True Cross that spread throughout Medieval Europe. According to local superstition, nailing a coin to the tree stump will be received as an offering by Vaisha Dev, who will then relieve the faithful of their toothache. The stump is covered in coins many times over, and does not look like a stump at all, being entirely subsumed by tin coins.

Clever dentists

A dental hub has been built right around Vaisha Dev, with any dentist worth their salt in Kathmandu opening their offices in the intersection that the tree is located in. Not only dentists, but orthodontists also have set up shop in the area, just in case the prayers do not work, and you are willing to spend money on getting rid of that sore tooth.

Amalgam fillings are super reliable, last forever, and are tried and true in the sense that they have been used in dentistry for a century or so. So why is every dentist trying to tell you to replace your amalgam fillings with something that needs to be replaced from time to time? Is it just a ploy to grab more money off of patients by providing a subpar but acceptable service, or is there something about amalgam fillings that makes them unacceptable to today’s dentists? Sadly, the answer is in the latter.

The problem with amalgam fillings

The problem with amalgam fillings is a twofold story: they are bad for the environment and for your health. Both of these problems have to do with the fact that amalgam fillings contain high levels of mercury. Mining mercury is extremely problematic, as the only liquid metal on the periodic table is highly toxic, and contaminates ground waters and aquifers, as well as the soil it drips into, and processing it also has run offs and by products that kill anything they touch. This is why the Minamata convention was formed, to stop developed nations from using mercury, and to ban the mining and trade of mercury globally, as it is so problematic. Almost all  countries in the world have signed, with the notable exception of the United States.
The other main problem with mercury is that it is toxic, and although it exists as an amalgamation with tin, silver and other stabilising elements in amalgam fillings, there still might be an amount of leaching.

Amalgam vs. White filling


There are many alternatives to amalgam fillings, but each has a problem with it that makes its spread outside of the Western world very unlikely. The go to replacement is white fillings, or composite resin. This is an artificial resin that is the same colour as teeth, and that has considerably less negative health effects, but it also leaches BPA, although this is much less harmful than mercury. The problem is that it is less durable and needs to be replaced every 4-5 years or so, depending on the position of the filling and its size.
Another alternative is glass ionomer fillings, which are polymerised glass ions melted to a filling. These fillings are great because glass ions do not react with anything at all, and so there is zero leaching. While still in a liquid state they can fill any crack perfectly, and so are very flexible in their applications. The problem? Glass ionomer fillings cost way too much for most places to be able to afford them, and as such they may become popular in private clinics in the West, but even for public dental clinics in said countries, this is just not an option. Whether the material will become cheaper with mass production is also a question, or if it can be mass produced at all.
Until the issues of economic disparity are resolved, it is safe to say that most of the world will continue to rely on amalgam fillings, even if it gives them cancer, for a lack of real alternatives, and no amount of treaties and posturing by wealthy nations is going to change that. But if you are a member of a wealthy nation, than you have alternatives available for you, and we recommend getting your amalgam fillings changed as soon as possible, particularly if they are old, as they are a tax on your health and immune system.


Dentists are very weary of removing or altering healthy tooth material. This is why it can be quite a shock and a surprise to find out that there are certain dental procedures that require the teeth to be shaped or changed in some relatively minor matter. All of these procedures have very good reasons why the teeth need to be altered, even if they are healthy, and we will be going over some of them in this article. So if you got a treatment plan that requires some healthy teeth to be altered, do not panic! Here are the reasons why.

Reshaping teeth for dental crowns

If you are getting a dental crown, you may be shocked to find out that once the unhealthy bits are removed, even more, healthy tooth material will also be lost. This is because the tooth stumped needs to be shaped with an aesthetic shoulder, which means some healthy tooth material will be removed so that the crown can go on better and not fall off. But that is not the most surprising thing. Most crown work will require the teeth next to the tooth getting crowned to also have a bit removed from them. This is because many times dental crowns are anchored to the adjacent teeth with little caps that go on the teeth next to the one being crowned. This procedure will require the loss of some healthy tooth material.

At the dentist
Be confident!

Shaping teeth for veneers

Although not a medically necessary dental procedure, veneers also require your teeth to be shaped. Dental veneers work on the basis that you have a thin porcelain layer that looks like the smile you want adhered to the teeth you have. This requires the tooth surfaces to be changed so that the veneers can go on easily, and it also requires the teeth to be shaped so that they do not hang outside of the veneers that are placed on. It is important to know that because of this fact, dental veneers are forever and once you get them, you will need to keep getting them.


2017 is very special year for us as we have been offering high quality dental care in London for 10 years! We achieved this with lot of humble and hard work.​

The beginning

The owners of the company started their dental business with patient coordinating in 2007. They coordinated patients from London to Budapest, they kept in touch with them, transported them in Budapest, besides this they did the marketing, finance and administration part of the company, too. That is why it is not surprising, that the name of the company stems from their surnames.
After that they improved their company, at first they offered consultations and treatments in hired clinics, then they opened a separate clinic. The owners of the company has been focusing to the widespread knowledge when choosing the doctors since the beginning. Besides this, it is important too, that our dentists have different nationalities. In this way, we can offer dentists from so many nationalities, which always calms the patients.

Forest&Ray in these days

Today our company is open for patients 7 days a week, at its own modern clinic in the centre of London, near the British Museum. The knowledge of our doctors is very widespread, we deal with general dentistry, orthodontics and even oral surgery, too. Besides this, our dentists speak several languages: Hungarian, English, Italian, Polish, Greek, Russian, etc.. Although, they speak several languages, their mission is the same: to offer high quality dental care besides the maximum possible comfort and confidence.

After 10 years, we are still at service with undiminished enthusiasm and more and more experience. Get to know more about our services and then visit us!

Birthday surprise

On the occasion of our 10th anniversary, we reward the patients attending on the 10am appointment! Our 10 am patient has already had his present!

Check out our birthday offer, too!


Open Day

We had a very succesful Open Day on the 14th  of October, so we decided to organize it again on the 28th of October. In our surgery there are many surprises waiting for you on this day: with gifts, free consultation with the Treatment Coordinator. Visit our clinic, and celebrate with us!

The following montage is a summary of our first Open Day:

Open Day

Restorative dentistry is exactly what it sounds like: the branch of dentistry that is meant to rehabilitate the teeth to a state in which they can fulfil their aesthetic and functional purpose, and to make sure that the surrounding supporting structures are healthy as well. Aside from the building of dental prosthetics, restorative dentistry also covers the most popular treatments that people tend to get, like dental fillings and root canal treatments as well. Below will be a quick rundown of the different kinds of restorative dental procedures, with short descriptions given as well.

Dental fillings

The most common dental procedure that patients get is by far the dental filling. A dental filling is a restorative dental procedure, and involves taking a decayed tooth, removing the decayed bits, and sealing the tooth up with a composite resin, otherwise known as a tooth coloured filling. Tooth coloured dental fillings are the perfect restoration for minor problems and damage to the teeth. They can help with both aesthetic and functional restoration, and are non-toxic as well.

Root canal treatments

We tend to think of teeth as solid, singular entities, but in reality they are composed of many layers and are hollow, with a pulp chamber in the middle that is hollow. This pulp chamber can become infected, if bacteria that cause tooth decay breach the tooth enamel, the cementum and find their way into it. When this happens, a filling is inadequate and ineffective at fighting off the infection, and a multi-appointment treatment called a root canal treatment needs to begin. At the first appointment the infected bits will be removed, the tooth will be opened and the roots will be enlarged. Then, a medicated root filling will be placed that will kill off the bacterial infection. This will be repeated until all of the infection is gone and they can fill the tooth up and seal it. This procedure kills the tooth (disconnects it from the nerves and blood supply) but keeps it in the mouth and functional for decades, given proper oral hygiene.

Crowns and bridges

If a tooth is too far gone, and the tooth is left unable to fulfil its function of biting, chewing and speech, then it needs to be restored with an inlay or onlay or a dental crown. A dental crown is a replica of the tooth or its cusps made of porcelain with either a metal or a porcelain (or zirconium) internal structure. Inlays and onlays are basically just pieces of dental crowns that work the same way, but are meant to replace just a missing chunk of tooth.


When going to a private dentist in the London Boroughs, there are several things to look for to make sure that you are getting the best possible treatment for your money’s worth. In this article, we hope to provide a quick once over of all of these aspects, and give you an idea of what to look for in a private dentist in London. Here we go!

GDC Certification

The GDC or General Dental Council is the governing body of dentists and dental professionals in the UK, and every single person who practices dentistry in any way, shape or form, has to be certified by the GDC in order to be legally working in the UK. This certification is an absolute must, and if they cannot provide you with it, than chances are you are facing a quack.

Chairside manner

Since you are paying for the service you are planning to embark on, you now have more options open to you then by going with the NHS. This means you can choose a dentist who has a pleasant chairside manner, and who you feel comfortable talking to. This is very important for the success of your treatment, and also for scheduling future treatments and making sure that a good doctor-patient relationship is achieved, as this will make any further problems much easier to deal with. Going back to the same dentist, who already has an idea of what the conditions in your mouth are, is a very good idea, and is the ideal state of things, and a good chairside manner is indispensable in achieving this goal.

You do not have to worry about the dentist anymore!

The clinic itself

The dental clinic you are going to should be very well equipped, and should be clean, comfortable, and welcoming. You should be able to get a panoramic x-ray near your home in the clinic itself, and it also helps if the dental clinic has its own dental laboratory. This will save you time and money on dental crowns and bridge work, and even dentures if they should become necessary. The dental clinic should be equipped to be able to handle a wide array of dental treatments.

Dental tourism

In order to save money further, it is important that the dental clinic you are visiting have some kind of connection to dental tourism, or should have a dental tourism option. This can make dental treatment a lot easier and cheaper as well.

Patients expect the price on a treatment plan to be the absolute final price for their treatment, which makes perfect sense from their point of view. After all, when I get a bill for an amount, I expect to be paying that amount and not anything less or more. So when going to a private dentist, and paying for a service, should you not expect this same kind of pricing? What are all of these “hidden fees” anyway?

Please consider the following scenario: when asking for the price of an extraction, the dentist gives you a price. Upon consultation, they notice that the tooth next to the one you want to get extracted also needs work done, or it may not survive the extraction itself. You also did not think about replacing the tooth you extracted, because you are not a medical professional, but extraction will cause the loss of the adjacent teeth as well. So to keep your teeth in your mouth, which is the job of the dentist, your bill just went up significantly. This is why “hidden fees” exist, because medical science is not an exact science, and each case, and each mouth, is different, and many times these differences only make themselves apparent once the procedure is already underway.

Saving money

What can affect price

  • Time: The longer you have been away from a dentist, the more you are going to pay when you see one.
  • Gum health: The condition of your teeth and your periodontium is the single most significant factor when determining price. Certain procedures require a strong periodontium, and this means you may have to take antibiotics, or get some kind of hygiene session to clean out your gums and soft tissues before being able to embark upon the treatment you need.
  • Bone health: For dental implants and certain oral surgeries, it is necessary for your jaw to have proper bone density and to be in good health. If your alveolus is deteriorated or you have frail bones, you may need a bone graft, which will drive prices up.
  • Deterioration: Certain conditions like diabetes and osteoporosis may make your oral health deteriorate much faster than expected. In these cases, your treatment plan may need to be updated even from your last session, and you may need more work done the next time you come around.

All of the issues should become apparent at a consultation session, after a panoramic dental x-ray. It may still be the case that certain things are not, and they come up during the procedure you have chosen for yourself, but you should be well aware of it ahead of time.

Many patients are not sure what the difference between NHS and private dentistry even is, and why one of them can be better or worse for your particular medical condition than the other. Besides knowing that NHS is paid for by taxpayers, while a private dentistry requires you to pay for their services, there are several other factors that can be taken into account when deciding what kind of dental treatment to get. The two main factors to look into when deciding to go private or not is whether the treatment is available at the NHS, and the other is time.

Range of treatment

Although NHS dentistries are always very enticing, because as a taxpayer you have already paid for the service you are planning to undergo, you may still need to go private. This is because the range of treatment at an NHS dentistry is not at all complete, and only covers procedures that are seen as life changing or that are absolutely necessary, and nothing else. This means no cosmetic procedures, but you can get a hygiene session, no stain removals and nothing that is seen as frivolous. This s not because the government is cheap; it is because the any taxpayer who comes in has to get their teeth done, which means that there are some limitations. Often times more complex procedures will have to be done in private, or at least partially in private.

Nice teeth after treatment

Time is a factor

To get more complex procedure done, the wait may be unreasonable, especially if you live in a larger city. Time is most definitely a factor in dentistry, and this is why so many people are turning to private dental treatment to get their teeth done. If you simply cannot wait, or are in pain, you may need an emergency appointment, and this may cause you to seek private dental care. If you do not want to wait for months to get a dental crown, a bridge or dental implants, it is also worth taking private dentists into account, as they may be able to save you a lot of time.

Have you been told before that dental implants are not a solution for you because of a lack of bone..? We may be able to help!

Nobel Biocare

This Swiss company founded in 2002, actually takes its beginnings from a 1978 partnership between Swedish Professor Branemark and Bofors, a Swedish company that used the Professor’s discovery of the fact that titanium fuses with bone (a process called osseo-integration). As the oldest and most tested brand in the world, Forest&Ray pride ourselves in being able to offer our Patients such premium solutions.

Nobel Parallel CC dental implants

What we call a dental implant is actually made of three parts. The dental part that looks like a screw and substitutes the root of the former tooth (made out of titanium); a dental crown that may be made out of porcelain fused to metal or zirconium (metal free), and; a connector between those two parts which is called an abutment and is the core of the final crown (made out of titanium or zirconium).

In 2015 Nobel introduced their new product Parallel CC which has parallel walls, but a conical internal structure which makes the implant more versatile. Not only, as with any other dental implant, can it be used in all sort of restorations (from single tooth to whole mouth bridges); but also it can be used in Patients with severe bone loss and so called All-on-4  (Same-day teeth) restorations with limited amount of pre-implantation surgeries necessary.

Nobel Parallel CC dental implants


The benefits of Nobel Parallel CC dental implants

  • Implantation is possible even with low density (low quality) bone,
  • Shorter healing time and better stability due to the modified surface of the implant that is designed to boost bone growth and osseointegration,
  • Restorations from a single tooth to a whole mouth,
  • Possibility of placing a full arch of teeth on only 4 implants: All-on-4 (Same-day teeth) (4 implants and entire upper OR lower mouth of teeth from 1st molar on the right to 1st molar on the left),
  • Wide range of sizes and angulations makes this implant system almost made to measure,
  • The conical shape makes it prone to micromovements that could cause periimplantitis (inflammation around the dental implant that may cause loss of it),

It must be noted, that not all teeth can be replaced with Nobel Parallel CC dental implants. As with any other major dental treatment, it is crucial to consult a dental specialist in order to choose the best solution for you.

Check out the special offer

tooth replacement offer

Most people in the UK are dependent on the NHS for healthcare and for dental care. The problem is that dental care is very time sensitive, as the condition can deteriorate so fast, and it is painful, so people need care immediately, but the NHS queue is often months long, and many procedures that are absolutely necessary are not even covered once you get an appointment. This and many other factors make the NHS sometimes less than appealing, especially for people living in bigger cities, but the cost of private dental care in the UK is a deterrent for most of the population. There is a solution though: why not try getting private dental treatment abroad?

Benefits of private dental care in Budapest

In Budapest, we have some of the best trained dentists, and they can provide any and all procedures known to dental science today, for a fraction of the price that you would see in the UK. With Forest and Ray, you get the added benefit that we operate clinics in both Budapest and London, so you would be getting aftercare and check-ups in London, from the same dentists who saw you in Budapest. We can also help book accommodations and airline tickets, to guarantee the lowest price for our patients. With all procedures covered, and tickets available for a lower price than ever, it is small wonder more and more patients are turning to getting private dental care outside of the UK.

Happy women
Smiling women

Hungarian dentists

Budapest, the capital of Hungary is a hub for dental tourism, and is the number one dental tourism location in Europe. This is because of a unique mix of great dentists and low prices, a combination that just cannot be beat. Our dentists receive treatment that is world class, and many of them work in the UK on a regular basis, and would be dentists from all over the world travel to Budapest to receive education in some of the best medical schools in the world. These dentists often work in the UK, but a Hungarian dentist can perform the same great care in his or her own private dental clinic, for a fraction of the price. Come and see what the buzz is about, and get a quote at our London dental clinic for a trip abroad, and see how much you can save on private dental care abroad!

In the world of private dentistry, there are many things to be aware of. First and foremost, you need to be able to secure a space where you can do safe procedures, and have the skill, equipment and staff necessary to produce the kinds of work and procedures that you have embarked on. After these all important factors are realised, and you have a caring and professional staff, state of the art equipment, and a clinic that is clean and properly maintained to give your procedures, the hard part begins, as you now have to compete with other fantastic private dental clinics for viability! We at Forest and Ray have found a solution that can help us keep our prices lower than our competition, but also not compromise the premium quality of our services. The solution is simple: dental tourism.

The Forest and Ray Method

Our method revolves around the fact that we have a well equipped private dental clinics in London, and a partner clinic in Budapest. This way we can bring doctors from Budapest who work for less to our dental clinics, and can bring patients from our London clinic to Budapest for high quality dental treatment with the same dentist, but for a greatly reduced price. Procedures that were traditionally off of the list of dental treatment abroad, like orthodontics, and certain cosmetic procedures can also be handle din this way, giving patients the option to participate in more kinds of dental treatments for less. Just think, you can get the procedure done in Budapest for much less, and have aftercare or check-ups in London with the same dentist, saving money but not compromising on quality!

Dental lab

To further help our patients cut costs on their dental treatments, we operate our very own dental laboratory, where we make all of our dental crowns, dental bridges, inlays and onlays. This means massively reduced production costs, which translates into further savings for our patients. Aside from this, we naturally also have very cheap accommodations available in both cities, making a trip with us relaxing and all inclusive, and allowing us to give the best prices around. Why not give us a call, come in for a consultation session, and let us give you a treatment plan, with all of the procedures you may need itemised and priced separately? You will not believe the savings we can provide here at Forest and Ray dental practice!

Orthodontics has reached a new level, where we can change aspects of our smile invisibly and comfortably, without cumbersome metal devices, and all we need is a pair of clear aligners to get the process cracking.

What is Invisalign?

Invisalign is a trademark known across the world, and they produce both removable braces and clear aligners, among other things. It works with gentle forces, aligning the teeth almost entirely invisibly. It is an extremely hygienic method of orthodontic because you can take it out at any time and clean it, and it is made of special medical grade plastic.

Pros and cons

Invisalign has the enormous advantage of being a nearly invisible, and extremely aesthetic orthodontic device. It is also very comfortable and incredibly hygienic, as you only wear it for 22 hours a day, so you can remove it during meals, and it can be cleaned at any time. Another definite advantage is that at the very first consultation session you will be given a 3D model of your treatment plan which explains, in detail, what exactly will be happening at your sessions, so you will not run into any unforeseen problems or surprises.

The biggest drawback of this treatment is that it is not available to everyone, as some more serious orthodontic cases cannot be treated with this method. It is important to consult frequently with your orthodontist, so you know all of your options and can make an informed decision about your dental treatment.

The process of orthodontic treatment

The dentist will examine your teeth and set up a diagnosis during the first consultation session, and this will help determine if you can use this orthodontic treatment method at all. The orthodontist will then take an impression of your teeth and will call you back in about 2 days’ time. If Invisalign can be used to treat you then the dentist will make a study model of your teeth and will send the study model and your x-rays to Invisalign headquarters. There, a series of clear aligners will be made, with each one being one step closer to the final result that you and your dentist had envisioned. After the first aligner is in place, you may feel uncomfortable, but it will soon subside, and you will get used to the feeling in a day or so, and you should feel no further troubles during treatment. An aligner is usually worn for around 1-2 weeks, and a consultation session with your orthodontist is necessary at around these intervals, so s/he can change the aligners in time.

After your last aligner, you will receive a retainer, which works the same as regular retainers do. It is important to wear your retainer, as the teeth have a natural tendency to go back to their original position. Retainers come in two kinds; fixed and removable, and one of these will be assigned to you. If you cannot wear the retainer for a day or two, it should not be a problem, as the retainer should be able to push your teeth back into position, as it can act as a very light orthodontic brace. If your teeth return for any reason to their old position for up to 2 years, then correction treatments are free of charge.


Celebrities and Invisalign

Many stars and celebrities use Invisalign:

  • Khloe Kardashian, who even thanked her orthodontist on Twitter
  • Zac Efron, who got rid of the gap between his incisor and front teeth
  • Justin Bieber, who wore his aligners openly, and even gave an interview about his experience with the aligners
  • Tom Cruise, who wore his aligners on set
  • Gisele Bundchen model, who wore her aligners at night because of photoshoots
  • Serena Williams tennis superstar, who now has a smile that is worthy of her incredible achievements

Just as any branch of medical science will have highly trained professionals to cover a given field, so does dentistry also have several kinds of dental specialists. These are people who have undergone general dental training and are dentists, but then have a qualification to deal with special cases, and undergo additional training to be able to work in a given field, or to repair a certain aspect of the teeth. Let us see some of them.

Oral surgeon

An oral surgeon is a dentist who has undergone training in surgery and can perform oral surgery. Usually, dental implantologists, the people who place dental implants in the mouth are oral surgeons, and there are certain procedures that only an oral surgeon can perform. These include removal of growths, curettes, cutting tongue ties, surgical extraction of teeth, and dental implants.


Orthodontists are the dentists that are trained to deal with braces, aligners, and other orthodontic appliances. They know about the growth patterns and location of teeth, their alignment and how they can become misaligned. They also understand the very complicated apparatus of the braces, and how to make them.

Paediatric dentist

Dealing with children is a special field altogether, and not just because you have to understand kids and shape your treatment to include them and their ways, but also because their teeth have not fully erupted. The growth patterns of the human jaw and the bones, along with the teeth and the periodontium is what paediatric dentists really specialise in.


Endodontics is the field of dentistry that deals with the internal structures of the tooth. An endodontist deals with root canal treatments that general dentists also deal with, but with the more complicated cases. Many times the tooth roots are difficult to get to, and special skill is needed to reach them. Many times tooth roots are irregular, and filling them and caring for them may become very difficult, and this is when an endodontist steps in.


Usually also an oral surgeon, periodontists are people who specialise in the health of the periodontium: the gums, alveolus and the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. They also specialise in dental implants and the diseases of the jawbone and can prevent and treat periodontitis and other gum diseases.


A prosthodontist is a dental specialist who specialises in the reconstruction of teeth and jawbones. People who make dental crowns, bridges and other dental prosthetics. They are also the specialists to seek out if you have problems snoring, have got traumatic injuries to the mouth and oral cavity.

If you have a tooth that isn’t quite decayed yet, but looks like it may start, if it is not damaged enough to really warrant a filling, but is already cracked or otherwise damaged, then you should really consider tooth bonding. It is a cosmetic dental procedure with medical benefits and is just right for many small problems that patients tend to overlook until they become more serious. This is a bad course of action, as the damage done is frequently irreversible, and may cause pain that you never need to feel if you take the time to go and get some dental bonding to repair your teeth.

Does Tooth Bonding Hurt?

In most cases, tooth bonding does not hurt, because usually, everything happens on the surface of the tooth. Even better news: no anaesthesia is needed for the process!

Process of Tooth Bonding

The process of getting dental bonding is very similar to that of getting fillings, except less material is used. The same composite resin is applied to the cracked or chipped area. They can even put extra in to make the tooth appear longer, wider, or in other ways more attractive. The composite resin is also shaded to look like the colour of your teeth. After solidifying it with a special blue light, you should be ready with your new tooth and on your way. The entire procedure lasts between 15 and 30 minutes and is completely painless if the tooth is not sensitive yet. Local anaesthetic can be used, but that is usually a sign of a deeper problem.

eroded teeth
Tooth bonding is a solution for badly eroded teeth from bulimia

Benefits of Tooth Bonding

Teeth that are chipped and cracked are much more at risk for infection and for tooth decay than teeth that are completely sealed by tooth enamel. This is why it is so important to get minor chips and cracks taken care of, as otherwise, you run the risk of it turning into tooth decay, and then you will have to get a filling, or a root canal treatment, or possibly even an extraction if you wait too long and the tooth becomes infected. The other benefit is that a cracked tooth sticks out from a row of teeth, and getting the tooth fixed will beautify the smile.

It is important to be aware of the negative health effects of amalgam fillings, and to know how getting your amalgam fillings replaced can affect your body, and how you can help your system deal with the changes.

Side effects of amalgam fillings

Side effects of amalgam fillings may include irritability, headaches, depression, and a feeling of neigh constant exhaustion. These are not necessarily always visible side effects, but they do affect our everyday life, and can have a negative effect on our surroundings and the people we love. More visible side effects may include hair loss, dermatological problems, sores on the mucus membranes, and intestinal distress. These side effects are not only typical of amalgam, so you need to be careful in determining what is causing your symptoms. If you experience any of these symptoms, regardless of what kind of fillings you may have, you should immediately go and seek medical attention, find the cause of these issues and deal with them.

Allergic reactions to mercury found in amalgam fillings

A little above 50% of an amalgam filling is made of mercury, which is an incredibly highly allergenic material. The most common allergic reactions and symptom is the dysfunction of the whiten mucus membranes in the mouth, which can appear around a filling. Other symptoms may include a burning sensation, coupled with bleeding gums, a metallic taste in the mouth and inflammation. When dealing with these symptoms, the first step has to be determining that the problem is really with mercury, because these symptoms are somewhat general, and can be caused by a number of other issues as well. After this, you must determine the course of the replacement, as each dental treatment has an effect on the body, and the healing process requires you to rest afterwards.

Effects of replacement

The act of replacement may temporarily tax the body, so changing amalgam fillings is only a priority if you are having allergic reactions, or if some kind of negative health effect is present. There are many positive aspects to getting them replaced: no more allergenic materials and the colour of the filling will now blend in with the rest of the tooth, making for a more aesthetic and illustrious smile, if you choose to go with a composite resin filling.

Replacement while pregnant

Replacing and inserting amalgam fillings will tax the immune system, so most dentists do NOT recommend getting this done while expecting, it is generally better to wait until after delivery to get this procedure done. Even with the most rigorous preliminary security measures, some mercury may leach from the filling, which, once absorbed, can be imbibed by the foetus. It is a good idea to get it replaced while breast feeding though, as mercury and lead can be transferred in the mother’s milk.

Detoxification after replacing amalgam fillings

After getting your amalgam fillings replaced, aftercare and detoxification is extremely important. Your body must be rid of mercury and from the various kinds of heavy metals that may be in the body as a result of amalgam exposure. You can start the detoxification process even when you still have your old fillings, before getting them replaced, but it is very important, near indispensable to have a very conscious and precise detoxification diet after getting your amalgam fillings replaced, with the organs that may be affected in mind.

Cracks in the teeth appear all the time. Depending on how deep the crack, how extensive the area, and how clean the area is this can range anywhere from a problem that may get worse to an imminent looming threat. It is definitely an occasion to go and book an appointment with your dentist.

Why did my tooth crack?

This is an answer that only your dentist can truly answer, and only after a proper diagnosis of the situation. Usually, teeth either crack because of a sudden change in temperature, because of trauma to the teeth, or because the tooth is dead or extremely demineralised. Sudden changes in temperature can cause rapid expansion or contraction of the tooth enamel and the tooth structures, and this can cause cracks to form, and can even crack the entirety of the tooth. Trauma to the teeth can also crack them, obviously. The tooth has natural defences against cracking and can repair itself to a certain extent, but once the tooth is dead, it does not do so. This is why teeth that have been root canaled, or teeth that have already been filled or have had work done on them are so likely to crack: because they are dead and do not repair anymore.

What can happen?

Apart from becoming sensitive almost immediately, these teeth will start to hurt, unless they hurt already. Although dead teeth are not connected to the nerve, the gums can become inflamed around it, putting pressure on the dental nerve and becoming painful over time. The crack in the tooth will start to fester, and the bacteria now have free reign to go into the internal structures of the tooth, where they can do untold damage. Very frequently, these cracks go along the length of the tooth, and thus provide access to the nerves easily, which means they can become extremely painful.

What you can expect?

If you go in time, the tooth can be treated with just some fluoride ointment put on the crack, which will seal up. If the crack is wider then you can use a little bit of composite resin to seal the crack and secure the tooth. If the tooth is already dead, then either a root canal or an extraction may become necessary.

Only a strong force or injury to the teeth will break the tooth, or make it fall out. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the tooth merely chips. A chipped tooth is a big problem, even if it does not hurt immediately. All parts of the tooth serve to protect the tooth from tooth decay, and if a crack in the enamel or the actual deeper structures of the tooth arises, you must see a dentist immediately. Sometimes small cracks can form from such simple things as a sudden change in the temperature of the mouth, like when sipping a hot beverage and even a very minuscule trauma to the mouth can cause a crack in the tooth structure, especially if the tooth is already weakened.

Tooth structure

Most of us believe that the tooth is a hard, singular structure. This is not the case, as the tooth is incredibly layered and interconnected. The tooth is actually hollow and filled with a material called tooth pulp, which is alive. This tooth chamber is surrounded by dentine and a hard layer called cementum. This cementum is then also surrounded by tooth enamel, which is what makes the teeth appear white. If any of these layers are cracked or damaged, then the internal structures, the tooth pulp are in danger of becoming infected. All of these parts are necessary, and even if it is “just” the enamel that is cracked or chipped, you should probably get an appointment to go and see your dentist.

Consequences of chipped teeth

If you do not get the tooth repaired after it has become chipped or damaged, these are some of the consequences you can expect:

Tooth sensitivity

By having a crack in the defenses of the tooth, the dental nerve will now be exposed to the outside world and will react with pain to the sensation. Sensitivity to changes in temperature or pressure is not rare in these cases, and you can even experience sensitivity to spicy foods, vinegar, and sugary drinks.

Tooth decay

A tooth that has weakened defenses is much more prone to tooth decay, as it is now less able to fight off the bacteria in the mouth, and said bacteria can now get into places where it could not earlier, and these places, like the deeper structures of the tooth, simply do not have resistance to bacterial life. In these cases tooth decay will start, and frequently it will start between the layers, which is extremely problematic.

What to expect at the dentist

If you go in when your tooth is just chipped and has not started to hurt or decay, you can expect an extremely easy visit. Probably just a short visit in which the dentist will apply a bit of composite resin to the tooth enamel, and thus seal off the area will be enough. If an infection has started though, the situation may be much worse, as you may need a root canal treatment, and possibly even an extraction. This is why it is so important to visit the dentist right after your tooth has chipped.

Dental hygienists are licensed dental professionals that specialize in oral health. In part, a dental hygienist job description includes helping patients in the prevention of disease, providing treatment and administering oral hygiene. They provide patient education such as diet and oral health and how to select and use toothbrushes and other oral equipment. In some cases, dental hygienists put in fillings and dressings, remove stitches and polish metal restorations. Other areas allow dental hygienists to administer anesthesia.

nice smile

Because local regulations dictate the scope of their practice, the answer to the question what does a dental hygienist do will vary depending on the geographical location of the job. But in all cases, a dental hygienist should be a person who works well with other people since they will be working closely with the dentist and dealing with patients and their families. They must also possess a high level of manual dexterity to use delicate instruments in patients’ mouths.

Work Environment

In the majority of cases, the work environment of a dental hygienist is a clean, well lit dentist office or hospital. Since part of the dental hygienist job description will involve the use of x-rays, they must adhere to strict safety procedures regarding radiation. They will most likely work around anesthetic gas and be required to wear protection such as safety glasses, gloves and masks. The dental hygienist job description will include the requirement to stand or sit for long periods of time, so they have to be careful to avoid neck and shoulder injuries.

Tools of the Trade

Cleaning teeth is one of many job duties included in a dental hygienist job description. Dental hygienists must be proficient in using hand and rotary tools that clean and polish teeth. They must be adept in the use of ultrasonic devices such as x-ray machines and in some cases they must know how to develop film. Another aspect of a dental hygienist job description is patient education. This duty requires using models of teeth to teach oral hygiene or to explain an upcoming procedure or surgery to a patient. A dental hygienist also uses chemicals such as fluorides and sealants during the course of their job duties.

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Dentists will do absolutely everything in their power to try and keep your natural teeth in your mouth for as long as humanly possible, and medically permissible. This includes salvaging teeth until they are completely gone, and are frequently worn down to stubs, where only the tooth roots are healthy.

One of the most surprising kinds of dental restoration is the post and core, which is inserted into a tooth that is almost entirely gone and is used to stabilise the tooth and regain function even though the internal structures are entirely gone.

Post and core treatment

A post and core is a metallic little stick that is small enough to fit into your tooth, with a little metal ring at the bottom of it. This is inserted into the tooth, to stabilize it and to give the dental crown some balance and something to hold onto. The post and core stabilise the crown, and thus you do not need to remove the tooth for some more time.

Which teeth require a post and core?

If the tooth root is more or less intact, but the tooth is too far gone to be able to house a dental crown, then a post and core is inserted into the tooth to strengthen the tooth, and stabilise the dental crown. The teeth get in this condition from tooth decay usually, but a sudden traumatic event or a systematic problem can also leave teeth in a condition where they are just not strong enough to hold a dental crown up.

tooth decay
Teeth that are badly decayed need a post and core


Getting a post and core is the same as getting a dental crown. People usually go in to get a dental crown because the tooth is broken or is so badly decayed that the internal structures of the tooth are visible already, and the tooth is open, and thus something needs to be done in order to stop pain or to be able to eat and chew. If the dentist notices that the tooth walls are simply unable to hold the crown in place, then they will tell you about it.

An impression needs to be taken, and in 5 business days, the post and core, and the dental crown that goes atop it are manufactured in the dental laboratory. You will have to come back and get the post and core fitted, and if it fits well and is not uncomfortable, then you are done.

Researchers are constantly trying to find new ways to make antibiotics and medication more friendly to people, and more compatible with the human body. Although there have been significant advances, the idea is still the same: a material that is compatible with the human body but kills bacteria in the body, thus using a bit of overkill in order to fight off an infection. These are administered over a period of time, after which the body can more easily heal and regenerate. Titanates, or compounds based on Titanium may be the next brand of antibiotics, according to researchers.

Problems with current antibiotics

Although current antibiotics are often very effective, there are two main problems with them. First of all, they work on the principle of overkill, meaning they kill some of the useful bacteria in your body. Your body has trillions of bacteria living inside of it, which make it work and function, without which you cannot digest food, break down carbohydrates, or cleanse the body of invasive foreign objects. When you take antibiotics, some of these useful bacteria are also killed in order to get rid of the infection at hand.
The second problem with them is that they create antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria. This means that antibiotics are more effective the less you use them, and overuse makes them harmless and unable to protect you from infections, as the bacteria evolve very fast and react to the antibiotics, making them less effective each time around. Metals provide solutions to both of these problems.

antibiotic resistant
An antibiotic resistant strain


Peroxo-titanates and monosodium metal-titanates are toxic compounds. They can be toxic even in extremely small quantities, and they kill all biological compounds, and also completely stop bacteria from proliferating. They can be applied locally where the infection is, and thus not kill all of the useful bacteria in your body theoretically, although an effective delivery mechanism is still yet to be developed. Not only will this kill the bacteria in question, but there is no chance for any kind of resistance, as the metals stop bacteria from reproducing. Titanium is a very special compound in that the human body does not see it as a foreign object, it is hypoallergenic, and will not be rejected by the body, thus it is a prime candidate for use in medical applications.
Although these new metallic compounds can indeed cure the antibiotic resistance problem that the world is developing, research still needs to be conducted into a safe and effective delivery system. Until this is developed and tested, the medical applications of this otherwise incredible metal will have to wait a bit.

Cosmetic dentistry is an umbrella term to talk about a bunch of dental procedures. They all have one thing in common: they seek to improve the appearance of your teeth. This aspect is what unites all of these procedures, and certain procedures that are sometimes noted in different categories but that also have a positive effect on the appearance of your teeth will also be mentioned. Below is a list of all of the procedures that can be understood as cosmetic dentistry.

Hygiene sessions

Hygiene sessions can be thought of as the basic unit of any dental intervention, and this includes cosmetic dentistry as well. Removing the plaque and the tartar will improve the appearance of your teeth, will reduce the swelling of gums, and will make a less gummy smile, and the teeth will appear nicer.


Tooth whitening sessions are one of those procedures that are only in the realm of cosmetic dentistry. It is a procedure in which the stains are removed from the teeth, and the smile is made a few shades whiter using tooth whitening gels and lasers. The gel has carbamides in it, which is a safe but effective stain remover.

Dental restorations

Tooth fillings and dental crowns and bridges are all dental restorations. They serve the purpose of bringing an existing tooth back to health so that it can fulfill its functions in eating, chewing, biting, and speech or, in the case of dental crowns and bridges, can replace a lost tooth. These serve a very real aesthetic purpose as well: a tooth gap can be a reason to be self-conscious when you smile, and a dental crown or bridge can give you the confidence to smile again. A tooth that is visibly decayed or damaged can look right again with the help of a tooth filling.


Orthodontics is the science of aligning teeth. This has many medical applications of course, but it also has aesthetic ones. A straight, well-aligned smile is much more pleasant and prettier to look at. This is why sometimes, in order to beautify your smile, orthodontics is needed.

Dental veneers

Dental veneers are the other kind of dental procedure that has absolutely no applications outside of the realm of cosmetic dentistry. Dental veneers are tiny slivers of porcelain that are placed on the teeth. This means that you place the appearance of teeth on your existing teeth, meaning they can change any aspect of your smile. Please be aware that getting dental veneers is a final decision that cannot be reversed, and once you get them, you will have to wear them for the rest of your life.

A dental prosthesis is any kind of tooth replacement option, made of iron, zirconium, porcelain, or a combination of these materials, with the aim of replacing anywhere from one to 32 teeth, so that proper chewing function and aesthetic appearance can be restored.

Tooth replacement options

Tooth replacement options can be categorized according to how they are stabilized, how many teeth are being replaced, and what kind of materials are used to make the dental crowns.

By stabilization:

  • You can fix your prosthetics with dental implants
  • you can use a post and core and a living tooth as an anchor as well
  • you can use a filed down tooth to stabilize your prosthetics
  • or you can have a removable tooth replacement (for dentures and bridges only)

How many teeth are being replaced:

  • Single tooth replacement (made for just one tooth)
  • Multiple tooth replacement (also called a dental bridge, consists of 2 or more units)
  • Complete row of teeth (also called a denture, can be on dental implants or removable)

Materials used in making the prosthetics:

  • Porcelain fused to metal (your standard run of the mill dental crowns)
  • Fully porcelain prosthetics (porcelain fused to a porcelain internal structure)
  • Zirconium prosthetics (a zirconium oxide internal structure fused to porcelain)
  • Fully metal prosthetics (a metallic internal structure fused to a metal outer layer)
  • Temporary tooth replacements (made of plastic)

Regain function

The primary goal of all tooth replacement options and dental prosthetics is to fully restore the row of teeth to their original functionality.  That means that you should be able to eat, chew, bite and speak in the same way as you did prior to losing the tooth you wish to restore. Not regaining function means you are more likely to have TMJ problems, have digestion problems from improperly chewed food, get back and neck pains and the destruction of your other teeth as you try to compensate in chewing and eating. Missing teeth can also negatively impact your confidence and self-image.

Stabilizing tooth replacement

As the above list clearly indicates, there is more than one way to stabilize your dental prosthetics. The biggest factor in determining which kind you should get will be your financial situation, and the recommendations of your dentist, who can see and evaluate your individual case.
Dental crowns can go atop living teeth. The teeth must first be filed down and shaped, but then they can serve as an anchor to your new dental crown. Obviously, this only works if the tooth is still in the mouth. This kind of stabilization happens with the help of dental adhesives.
If the tooth is missing, getting them stabilized either on the adjacent tooth or on a dental implant is the way to stabilise. If the tooth root is damaged but still able to house a dental crown then a post and core is the way to do it. This way, a healthy tooth root is at least left in the mouth, and the crown is on a post that goes into the tooth root.

How long does tooth replacements last?

Depending on what kind of tooth replacement option you are receiving, you can expect different lifespans. Good quality dental crowns on the front teeth can be expected to last as long as 10 to 20 years, easily. A dental implant will last a lifetime, provided that it was installed properly and that adequate oral hygiene is maintained by the patient. The dental crown on top of the dental implant may be changed several times, but the implant, serving as an artificial tooth root, should stay well, and should not need to be replaced.

How much do they cost?

The materials used are the main factor in determining the price of a given dental crown. While porcelain fused to metal dental crowns are the cheapest, and zirconium oxide ones are the most expensive, and everything else falling in between, this does not mean that in the long run, they are the most economically viable option. Consult with your dentist about what kinds of dental crowns they may recommend for you!

Although extremely rare, you can get a toothache that has nothing to do with your dental nerves or tooth decay at all. Although this may seem like a scary business, it is not real and is just one of the peculiarities of the human body. Not all parts of your body have nerves, and some pain and inflammation that affects certain parts of your body may show up as pain in another part of your body. This is usually the case with non-dental toothaches, which are also called atypical toothaches as well. Below, we will go over some cases when this kind of pain reaction can occur. It is important to note that this list is not extensive, and poorly working nerves may cause this kind of pain frequently.

The muscles in the mouth

Some of the deep muscles used for masticating, chewing, and biting can become painful and inflamed, but when they do, they do not usually signal pain in the jaw or the muscle itself. Instead, you will feel a sharp sort of jabbing pain in the quadrant that the muscle is in. This is very frequently mistaken for a toothache. This pain is usually not so local and will show up as a more general sort of pain in the area that the muscle controls.

tooth inside

The periodontium

The soft tissues of your gums and the supporting structures of your teeth frequently have the same nerves as teeth do. When the periodontal ligament- which is a ligament that holds your teeth in place- gets damaged, since it does not have its own set of nerves, will send pain reactions to the nerve of the tooth where it is damaged. This will translate to many people as a toothache. This problem frequently occurs with people who clench teeth often, or who have recently suffered a trauma to the mouth, or whose teeth may be loose and putting pressure on their periodontal ligament. The TMJ (the joint that binds your lower jaw to your upper jaw) can also refer to pain to the dental nerve, both directly and indirectly. Very frequently the discs in the joint become displaced or moved, and this can be translated by the body as toothache.


Neuralgia is a condition in which pain signals of unknown origin are sent to the brain. This can happen to any part of the body, including the teeth. In these cases, the cause of the neurological disorder is the first thing that must be uncovered, as treatment and a lasting solution to pain can only then begin afterwards.

If your toothache, you should immediately visit your Dentist. Get an appointment for a treatment consultation!

Concerns around the possible carcinogenic nature of tooth whitening chemicals are running rampant on the internet, based on completely unsubstantiated facts.

Internet fear-mongering has reached an all-time high, with different walks of life claiming to have information on products that they do not understand properly, like carbamides and other tooth whitening products. Sometimes this is a part of a larger conspiracy (like “big pharma” causing customers to be sick so they can sell medicine to them), and sometimes it is due to some holistic knowledge that only the original poster and their immediate following or sect knows about and understands (and the rest of us ‘sheeple need to wake up, and fast). Obviously, this is all a hoax, as carbamides do NOT cause cancer or any sort of damage to the soft tissues. But with each conspiracy theory, you will always find a grain of truth. What is the grain of truth behind this one?

Previous additives

In recent years, ammonium and peroxide-based tooth whitening treatments have been made illegal in the EU. Before, all tooth whitening methods used these kinds of chemicals to remove stains from the teeth, as they are super effective, very corrosive, and are relatively safe for your health. The problem is that they aren’t safe enough, and can cause cancer if exposed to the soft tissues of the mouth. For this reason, they have been banned, and the dental industry scrambled to find a proper substitute: one that is equally effective, but not carcinogenic. They have found this replacement years ago in carbamides.


Unlike peroxide and ammonium, carbamides are much milder, much less corrosive, and a little bit less effective too. Although they can remove the same amount of stains from teeth, they usually take more time to do so. They are completely safe though, and according to a study involving 4000 people done by Dr. Ian Monroe, absolutely do NOT contribute to the emergence of oral cancer. Until information to the contrary is made known, there is no reason to believe that it does.

Cosmetic dentistry is an umbrella term to talk about a bunch of dental procedures. They all have one thing in common: they seek to improve the appearance of your teeth. This aspect is what unites all of these procedures, and certain procedures that are sometimes noted in different categories but that also have a positive effect on the appearance of your teeth will also be mentioned. Below is a list of all of the procedures that can be understood as cosmetic dentistry.

Hygiene sessions

Hygiene sessions can be thought of as the basic unit of any dental intervention, and this includes cosmetic dentistry as well. Removing the plaque and the tartar will improve the appearance of your teeth, will reduce the swelling of gums, and this will make a less gummy smile, and the teeth will appear nicer.


Tooth whitening sessions are one of those procedures that are only in the realm of cosmetic dentistry. It is a procedure in which the stains are removed from the teeth, and the smile is made a few shades whiter using tooth whitening gels and lasers. The gel has carbamides in it, which is a safe but effective stain remover.

Dental restorations

Tooth fillings and dental crowns and bridges are all dental restorations. They serve the purpose of bringing an existing tooth back to health so that it can fulfil its functions in eating, chewing, biting and speech or, in the case of dental crowns and bridges, can replace a lost tooth. These serve a very real aesthetic purpose as well: a tooth gap can be a reason to be self-conscious when you smile, and a dental crown or bridge can give you confidence to smile again. A tooth that is visibly decayed or damaged can look right again with the help of a tooth filling.


Orthodontics is the science of aligning teeth. This has many medical applications of course, but it also has aesthetic ones. A straight, well aligned smile is much more pleasant and prettier to look at. This is why sometimes, in order to beautify your smile, orthodontics is needed.

Dental veneers

Dental veneers are the other kind of dental procedure that has absolutely no applications outside of the realm of cosmetic dentistry. Dental veneers are tiny slivers of porcelain that are placed on the teeth. This means that you place the appearance of teeth on your existing teeth, meaning they can change any aspect of your smile. Please be aware that getting dental veneers is a final decision that cannot be reversed, and once you get them, you will have to wear them for the rest of your life.

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We can lose our teeth at any age either in an accident or due to genetics. The sooner we replace them, the better.
If we postpone the replacement, the jawbone can become thinner without the tooth root in it. The more time we wait, the likelier it gets that we will need bone grafting in order to have tooth implantation. With the following test, we help you find answers to your questions about tooth replacement.

How many missing teeth do you have?

If you have more missing teeth, they are placed:

How long have you been missing your teeth?

When you smile, does it show that you have missing teeth?

What is the most important for you regarding tooth replacement?

It is true about me that:

How old are you?

Would you consider an interest free finance option?

Would you consider treatment in Budapest to save costs?

Personal details:

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What is the CQC inspection?

The CQC inspection is a routine inspection that is carried out in order to make sure that elementary standards of quality and hygiene are being met. The inspections are scheduled ahead of time, and are announced some time previous to the scheduled inspection.
The CQC inspection takes the treatment records for the patients into account, and asks them how they felt about the premises, and if they were satisfied with the outcome. They also accompany one of the dental treatment sessions while at the clinic, which in our case was on December 18th, 2016.
At this session, patients revealed to us that they were very satisfied with the work; they thought that it was professionally done and carried out, and that the staff was “polite and helpful”. This is the best thing that a dentistry can experience, as we work hard to provide excellent quality care, which means making the patients feel comfortable, and responses like these make it worth our while. Patients also said that Forest & Ray were great at providing information about the treatments themselves, and just in the treatment plans; patients found our consultation sessions to be extremely helpful as well.
Our dental practice was of course also up to par for the rigorous standards set by the CQC in terms of quality of equipment, keeping records, and of hygiene as well.

In the past ten years, there has been a 44% rise in female dentists. Previously, this was a male dominated field, as was all higher aspects of medical science, but that is no longer the case. Many patients do not take a female dentist seriously though, and will feel alienated and strange if they have to sit in a chair before a woman. This article is for those patients, to let them see the benefits that a female dentist may have. To be clear, we at Forest and Ray do not believe in sexual discrimination and will continue to hire both male and female dentists, as a combination of both sexes has led to our success, and we will continue to be hiring dentists of both genders.

1) Better at prevention

It seems that female dentists take prevention to heart more than their male counterparts. In a study made by PBRN Collaborative Group, they found that female dentists offered prevention tips much earlier on in the treatment than males, and also emphasised it more than their male counterparts.

2) More conservative

When it comes to restorations and dental crowns and bridges, women tend to be much more conservative, making a smaller aesthetic shoulder and removing less tooth material on average in the process. This is a good thing, as the less is missing, the better.

3) Empathy

In Western society, nurturing attitudes and a strong sense of empathy are traditionally thought of as “mothering”, and thus have been considered feminine for a long time. Perhaps this is why that same PBRN study found female dentists to be more empathic to their patients, and were more likely to think with the patient’s head and try and accommodate the patient than males.

4) Smaller hands

Although I am weary of pinning physical characteristics to either gender, women do tend to, on average, have smaller hands. This does not mean that there are no male dentists with small hands, or women with large hands, as this is a phenomenon that we see every day. But the tendency is that women’s hands are smaller. Smaller hands create less anxiety in patients, and a dentist with smaller hands is more likely to be a favourite among patients, as patients find big hands intimidating.

5) More attentive

Being attentive to other people’s needs is also a trait that our culture associates with femininity, and it is also a trait that is very welcome among dentists. You definitely want a dentist who can listen to what the problem is and deal with it, and make you feel good along the way, and it seems that women are better in that arena.

female dentist

As a caveat, I want to add that these are all generalisations, and there are plenty of male dentists that have these characteristics, and female dentists that lack them.

Many times, the loss of a tooth is not because of bad oral hygiene, or any sort of habit, but because of a trauma. Traumas, by their very nature, are accidental and thus cannot be calculated upon or somehow avoided with easy steps. But there are certain cases where you can do things to prevent these traumas from occurring. One of these instances is sports: if you are playing sports that involve a ball, or is a contact sport in any way, you should use a mouthguard to play it, in order to protect your teeth, as just in case.

Why use them

Mouthguards provide protection for your teeth, which must be very obvious, because they cover them in a layer of hard plastic that is much more resistant to force and pressure, not to mention flying objects and someone’s elbow or knee, and the ground than just your tooth enamel. Using them is super cheap, as a mouthguard can be bought with pocket change, but getting broken teeth replaced can be much more than anticipated. Getting a broken tooth restored means getting a” data-mce-href=””>root canal treatment, a dental crown, and some dental treatments to stabilize your condition, as the a”>gums are almost invariably damaged from traumas to the mouth. And this is a best-case scenario! If you really have a doozy, you will have to get a stry-london/tooth-extractions/”>surgical extraction of the tooth and replace it with a dental implant, which can end up costing you thousands of pounds. Aside from this very basic and obvious example, they can help with 2-4ad299147da3″ class=”textannotation disambiguated wl-thing” itemid=””>bruxism as well. If you tend to grind your teeth when you are concentrating or exerting effort, as most people do, then you can definitely benefit from the use of a mouthguard.

Where to get them, how to keep them clean

Mouthguards are available at all sports stores and pharmacies as well, and many other places will have them randomly, from time to time. You should buy one that you always wash out after use so that bacteria do not start to live in it, and it does not end up infecting your mouth instead of protecting it. Soak it from time to time in mouthwash, and rinse it very thoroughly after every use, and you should have no problems with it.

Red flags refer to alarming signs that something bad is happening. At a private medical facility, including private dentistries, there is always the danger that the dentist is overprescribing, analyzing, or doing useless and unwarranted dental treatments just to get paid for them. Here are some red flags to look out for while at the dentist.

Lack of a treatment plan

When it comes to financing at the dentist, you should know what kind of plans they have for you. A treatment plan is an itemized and priced list of all of the procedures that will be needed to nurse your mouth back to optimal health. If the dentistry does not give you a treatment plan, then there is really no way for you to know how much your treatments will cost, what kind of treatments you need, which procedures have been done, and which are still to go. This is a classic rip-off strategy, and any dentistry that does not produce a treatment plan that is visible, accessible, and intelligible to the patient should be avoided.

Dental treatments that do not make sense

Going to a dentist is tricky because they are medical professionals who may spot problems that are not visible to you; this is why they are dentists. But sometimes certain dental treatments may not make much sense. Fillings are typically overprescribed, when just a faint retouch and some cleaning is enough to stop a pre-cavity from developing further. If every single pre-cavity is billed as a filling or is made into a cavity that then needs a filling, then you are the victim of unethical dental practices and can sue.

Not being told

When you sit down in the chair, it should be completely obvious for you what dental treatment you will get, what that entails, and how much it will cost you. If you are not sure, you should ask and be given a clear response. The best dentists will tell you what it is they will be doing that day, where it is on the treatment plan BEFORE administering the anaesthetic.

Subject to change

With medical science and biology in general, everything is always subject to change. The human body is more complicated than we can currently understand, and it may be the case that changes need to be made in the treatment plan, changes that may negatively affect the patient or the allotted budget. This is just a fact of life. But the way to handle this is to tell the patient as the procedure is happening, as soon as it becomes apparent that they will need to pay more than initially thought. The treatment plan should be updated to show this issue, and the change should be explained to the patient.

Getting dental veneers is a life-changing decision and will be one that you will not regret if you know what you are looking for, and what to expect. Although considered a light, aesthetic dental procedure, it is one that will change your teeth forever: getting dental veneers means you are going to have to wear dental veneers from then on, meaning it is a decision that you make for life. This is what you need to know in order to be able to make a well-informed decision, as it is one that will have far-reaching beneficial consequences.

Dental veneer: the process

Changes to your teeth

Your teeth will be modified quite a bit before the veneers are placed on them. They will be shaped, and some bits of them will be removed in order to make room for the dental veneer and to ensure that it fits well on your teeth. Because of these changes to your teeth, you will need to wear dental veneers from then on. There is no going back from them so make sure you will not later regret your decision.

Choosing the right veneer

While still in the process of getting veneers, you will be given the chance to choose what kind you would like, what colour it should be, what shape, size, etc. Do not be shy, and make the dentist redo the veneers as many times as needed to get a perfect result, otherwise, you may be stuck with dental veneers that you do not like, and an appearance you are unhappy with. You will be given plenty of time to try on the veneers and to pick some that help you get the exact smile you had imagined for yourself.

Dental veneers

Colour, shape and size… Before getting dental veneers, it is absolutely pertinent that you figure out what aspects of your smile you want to change, and how you want to change it exactly. The way to figure this out is to smile in the mirror and get a long hard look at what you see, and figure out what you want to change about it exactly. What is wrong with which tooth, how it should look different, etc. The first step is to figure out the colour, as this will be the most immediate and readily visible change in your teeth. Then see if the alignment and the size of the teeth are right, or if they also need to be changed.

“I will lose 50 pounds, live a healthier life, and stop drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes”- these kinds of impossible New Year’s resolutions are slowly losing popularity. What’s wrong with them? That they are not plans, but rather, vague statements and dreams about an idealised, perfect life, which we will get right on doing tomorrow….Except it will forever stay in tomorrow. What to do if you want to really change your life? Let us help!

New Year’s resolution#1: Losing weight

One of the most frequently sworn oaths in January. If you want to make it for real this time around, here is a good way to do your New Year’s resolutions this time!

Start by setting realistic goals. If you have 50 extra pounds, then it is unrealistic and demotivating of you to expect yourself to lose all of it by May. Instead, focus on losing, say, 3- 5 pounds a month. This is a much shorter time span, and is thus more pressing and you will feel motivated to reach your goal and keep your New Years’s resolution.
Make a plan, but beware: a very detailed plan may make you feel like you have already achieved a bunch, and will have you lying back and resting on your assumed victory. Make a general plan that outlines what you will eat and what you will not, how much exercise you will get, etc. Make a list of food stuffs which you absolutely must avoid, which ones you need to eat less of, and which ones you can still indulge in. After this, just stick to the list: don’t buy the ones that are off limits, and buy your entire week’s’ worth of the controlled ones at once. When you run out, don’t get more, even if you ran out ahead of time. It’s hard to lose weight with a full ice box, and what you do not have, you will not eat.
Also, don’t forget to exercise! The best way to make sure you are getting enough of it is to join a group who does a sport you like, be it handball, yoga, pilates, aerobic, or fencing. If there is none, why not organise a group from friends and colleagues, guaranteeing good times?

New Year’s resolution#2: A more active lifestyle

Do you also feel that you have less and less time for your friends, and spend more and more time at home? Although reading, watching a movie, chatting and messing about on the internet are all great ways to spend your time, remember that no man’s an island. Make sure you remember to reach out to your friends, organise weekly or monthly events where you can see them and get together with them, be it a game like bridge or pool, or a board game, perhaps a night down the pub, or a veritable feast, but any activity that you all enjoy is worth pursuing, be it gallery opening or sports bars. It’s usually a good idea to pair some kind of activity to these kinds of events, and if these get togethers end up being fun, you will see it expand and start to include friends of friends, their colleagues, etc., giving you a chance to meet new people!

New Year’s Resolution#3: I will finally quit smoking!

…would be great if you did! This can be seen as a close relative to the “living a healthier lifestyle starting tomorrow” kind of resolution. This is one of the hardest to keep resolutions, so don’t feel embarrassed to ask for help with it. There are tons of great books and events, places that can help you quit, but the most important factor is the love and support of your immediate surroundings. What you really need to quit is a strong resolution to quit, to really want to stop. If you have that, you will almost certainly be able to quit, but make a plan to make it easier. Try and find positive reasons to quit, instead of just listing the negative effects of smoking. Think of all the diseases you are reducing the risks of, and how much time and money you are saving by quitting and all of the things we can spend our “new” resources on.
It is also important to remember that smoking is a social event as well, so it may be a good idea to find other ways to connect and spend time together then going out for a cig. You can also of course go out with your friends while they smoke, but this should be done only when the chance of relapse has gone.

New Year’s resolution#4: I will take better care of myself

Aside from indirect methods like quitting smoking, losing weight and becoming more active, there are direct ways that people try and influence their health as well. We make promises to go to screenings and check-ups, ask for a complete physical from our physician, and make vows to monitor our blood sugar, blood pressure and overall health more closely. This list would be incomplete without mentioning our teeth: it is absolutely mandatory to go to the dentist at least once a year, if for nothing else, then to remove the tartar and plaque. The point is to make specific plans for the new year, and not settle for vague and obscure, cloudy musings.
write down the appointments as soon as you can, so you don’t forget them, and then book them with your physician, dentist or whoever else needs to be contacted.
Keeping these New Year’s resolution we can help! If you come to us, we will provide you with an itemised and individually priced treatment plan that will help you make plans for the future, right after the first consultation session. If you start getting treatment with us, we will give you free consultations and screenings, and we will send you reminder emails regarding them, so you can be sure you will NOT forget!
And don’t forget, aside from having concrete goals, and the motivation to carry them through, the most vital thing is to keep your initial motivation. If you have this, the success of your new year’s resolution is all but guaranteed!

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Ever wonder how cavemen cleaned their teeth? Before toothbrushes and carefully developed toothpaste that take millions of dollars and a team of researchers to formulate, before fluoridation of drinking water, what tools did cavemen use to clean their teeth? How did they maintain oral hygiene, or were they just cursed with rotten, nasty teeth? Here are some pointers to help us figure it out.

Tools of the trade

One of the prestigious archaeological journals has a few articles on this matter. For instance, they aired a few years ago in which the perfect teeth of Neanderthals were admired and stipulated upon. One jawbone saw damage or marks that were made by a process that we call palliative dentistry. This is dentistry that can be done by the individual, and is done by some kind of simple tool, like a stick, or a toothbrush, and involves removing things from the teeth. This means that Neanderthals, and thus, presumably, other early humans, knew about cleaning their teeth, and engaged it regularly, or at least, regularly enough to leave marks on the jawbones. This is one of the secrets to why Neanderthal teeth were so incredibly good, and why their oral fauna is so incredibly diverse and healthy. But there is another reason, too.

Diet is an important factor

Neanderthals did not have cavities because they ate virtually no sugars and no carbs. In the wild, most plants have carbs, and only in very little amounts. Our carbs come from sugars and grains, which need cultivation and the type of are that only sedentary lifestyles can provide. Since Neanderthals hunted, foraged and starved, they came across little to no carbs. They ate meat very infrequently and survived on foraging for berries and fruits, for the most part. This meant fewer cavities and less need for cleaning habits.

The current archaeological data and our understanding of the facts point to a picture of good dentition in early humans, with a very diverse bacterial flora, intact teeth upon death, and very few cases of tooth decay. This does not mean they led better lives: they starved and died in their thirties, but at least had nice teeth.

To preserve your teeth, be sure to visit your dentist twice a year for a treatment consultation.

Do you have bad breath no matter how often you brush your teeth? Are your teeth in good condition, but your breath still smells bad? Here is a guide for what may be causing bad breath, and by identifying one of these problems, you are that much closer to regulating and normalising your breath. Read on and find out the best methods to deal with halitosis.


The most important thing to use to get rid of your halitosis is mouthwash. Halitosis is often caused by food particles decaying in places that you cannot reach with your toothbrush, and by the accumulation of bacterial life in the plaque and tartar on your teeth. These nasty little bits of bacterial life produce smelly by-products when they digest food that you eat, and by doing so, they contribute to bad breath and tooth decay. Mouthwash will get to every bit of your mouth, even the hard-to-reach places, and is thus super effective at removing caked-on food detritus and plaque or tartar.

Tooth gaps

One of the main places where the bacteria that cause bad breath to accumulate in between the teeth. The tooth gaps are thus one of the main places that cause halitosis, and it is little surprise: even if the tooth surfaces are clean, if there is food rotting between the teeth, it will smell bad when you talk. Using dental floss or an interdental toothbrush is the best way to get rid of the food detritus that gets caught in the tooth gaps, and rinsing with mouthwash or using an oral irrigator to blast the tooth gaps is also a great way to keep them clean.

The tongue

Bacteria accumulate and thrive on the tongue like on all other parts of the mouth, but the tongue is very rarely cleaned as part of the oral hygiene routine. Although using mouthwash will bathe the tongue in material that damages these colonies, it is best to buy a toothbrush with a tongue scrubber and scrub your tongue thoroughly. This will remove bacteria from the tongue, and lessen the halitosis.

Non-dental causes of halitosis

Certain medical conditions, like diabetes, acid reflux disease, and an open stomach will cause your breath to smell bad. These conditions cannot be fixed by a dentist or by brushing your teeth, and you need to get other medical help to fix the problem.

Please note that every half a year or so, professional dental cleaning is needed as a preventative measure and an oral health booster.

Salt is the main ingredient in many foods that are considered bad for your teeth, but the different kinds of manifestations of sodium are also the main ingredient in most toothpaste so it is very hard to discern if salt is bad for your teeth. The relationship between sodium and your oral fauna is a complex one.

Possible benefits of salt

The fauna and flora of your mouth and intestines both like and dislike salt. As a substance, salt is antibacterial, and as a substance, it does not damage your tooth enamel at all. In fact, using a saltwater rinse can help kill bacteria in hard-to-reach places. But the gums and soft tissues do not like salt at all.

natural salt

Problems from sodium

The main problem with just salt, and not with salty foods, is that it creates a hostile oral environment. It dries out the mucous membranes, which play an important part in lubricating the soft tissues and gingiva and keep teeth healthy by maintaining a healthy oral environment. With salt, the liquid is taken out of the soft tissues, and this creates a dried-out oral environment.

This is no problem if you drink plenty of water, as this will re-lubricate the area, and the immediate effects of slat will be neutralized. But hypertension will have an effect on teeth as well, as this condition affects the entire immune system. Some problems that may be caused by a diet that is too high in sodium:

  • Gum recession can be caused by eating too much salt, and the gums, a part of the immune system, may pull back to reveal the cementum of the teeth, making them more vulnerable and less resistant to tooth decay.
  • Xerostomia, or chronic dryness of the mouth, can also be caused by eating too much salt. This is a problem, as xerostomia can lead to gum disease, a heightened risk of tooth decay, halitosis, and problems of the tongue.
  • More frequent bleeding of the gums can occur when the oral environment is dry. This kind of bleeding usually occurs when eating food or brushing teeth, as the dried out gums are frailer and will induce more frequent extra capillary action.
Maintaining a beautiful smile is a lifelong project. Contact us and book your next appointment for dental consultation!

Teeth that have already been treated for a dental problem can start to hurt again, regardless of the problems they were treated for. This is because the toothaches you feel aren’t from nerves inside the teeth, they are from the dental nerve that is in the gums. This means that if you have a dental crown that is on top of a tooth stub, and the tooth is still alive (meaning that it is connected to the dental nerve), then it can start to hurt if it is bombarded by bacteria.

Under the dental crown

Dental crowns frequently go on top of teeth that have once been root canaled, filled, or have parts of them missing for some reason. The reason could be a trauma to the mouth that leaves a tooth broken, or it can be advanced tooth decay as well. These teeth are usually filled up, any sharp or pointy bits filed down, and then the tooth stub is shaped so that the dental crown can go on top of them. By getting a dental crown they regain their function, and the tooth can now take part in biting, chewing and speech again, but the dental crown also insulates the dental nerve against forces of the outside world, to which the dental nerve reacts to with pain. The crown covers the nerve and prevents toothaches, but dental crowns, and the tooth stubs under them, are subject to change, as everything inside the mouth is.

The pain strikes

If the dental crown has shifted and leaves the tooth stub exposed, or even worse, is pushing down on the dental nerve, then the slightest amount of pressure or change in temperature can send intense pain signals. The tooth stubs are also subject to all of the problems that regular teeth are subject to, meaning they can get infected, be broken, and become sensitive if the enamel is worn off. So if the tooth stub is alive and connected to the dental nerve, it can start hurting underneath the dental crown, and if it does, that is some seriously bad news.

What to expect?

Tooth decay underneath a dental crown is bad news for several reasons. First of all, this is a region that you cannot clean using your at-home oral hygiene routine. This means that there can be a very intense accumulation of bacteria underneath the dental crown. The crown will definitely have to be removed, which may in and of itself end up damaging your teeth, but there are other problems as well. Because the treatment that you will get will change how the tooth looks, you will need to get a new dental crown. If you are lucky, then you will only need to have the filling changed, but more often than not, these kinds of procedures end in a root canal treatment. If the tooth is too far gone, then an extraction will become necessary, and you will need to get a different kind of dental crown, one that connects to the adjacent teeth. This is also not an infrequent occurrence with these kinds of tooth stubs.

Prevention is the key

As with all dental treatments, the easiest, most affordable thing to do is to prevent the problem from occurring in the first place. If you have dental crowns, you need to show up to your half-year check-ups, because this is a prerequisite to making sure you keep any guarantees that may be on the dental crowns or bridges. During these consultation and hygiene sessions, the dentist will take extra care to clean the teeth under the dental crowns, as these are at risk by their very nature. Cleaning the bacterial residue and possible food detritus away from beneath the dental crown will stop bacterial infections and tooth decay from forming in the first place, and together with a healthy at-home oral health care routine, including the use of dental floss and mouthwash, it should be enough to make sure that more serious problems never develop on the vulnerable tooth stubs covered by a dental crown.

When faced with the problem of getting dental prosthetics (dental crowns, or dental bridges if there are numerous crowns), one of the most important factors is longevity. How long can the patient expect to keep these crowns, and how much should they spend? If getting a more expensive crown means it won’t last long, why not opt for the cheaper option? Here are the answers regarding the longevity of dental crowns and dental bridges.

How long does a dental bridge or crown last?

The hard-working dental technicians in dental laboratories like the one at our London dental clinic intend the dental crowns and dental bridges to last for a lifetime, within the bounds of reason. The problem is that they cannot foresee what you are going to do with your dental crown, and there are bounds of reason. A dental crown or dental bridge cannot be too big, too thick, too high, or else it will damage the neighbouring teeth, the tongue, the cheeks, the inside of the mouth, the lip, cause speech impediments and bleeding of the soft tissues, will be uncomfortable and unwieldy, and so there are dimensions within which they are forced to work. But the life of dental crowns is still counted in decades at the dental clinic.

What factors influence the life of dental crowns and dental bridges?

There are many factors that influence the life of dental crowns and dental bridges. First off, what you eat, how acidic it is, is a major factor in how long they will last, as is your oral hygiene routine, and how your teeth are doing. If the tooth the crown is on fails, then the crown must be removed and becomes useless. Your habits, like alcohol use, smoking, whether or not you grind your teeth, if and how many drugs you use, and in what capacity are also major factors for determining the longevity of your dental crowns. Acid reflux disease, bulimia, diabetes, osteoporosis and the aggressiveness of your oral flora, as well as the acidity of your saliva, are all factors in how long your dental crown will last, thus it is extremely hard to find a precise answer.

What to expect?

On average, it is fair to give your dental crown around 5 to 10 years and be pleasantly surprised. If you are subject to a lot of the factors mentioned above, it will be closer to that 5-year mark, whereas if your mouth is clean and you go to regular dental check-ups, you should have no problems reaching the 10-year mark, and dental crowns usually last much longer than that. Half-year check-ups are also a necessary pre-requisite for any and all guarantees on dental crowns.

Loose teeth are a huge problem that can start at any age and with any sort of background. Although in our society, we tend to associate loose teeth with poverty, old age and drug abuse, these are not the only factors that contribute to teeth becoming mobile, and many other, less conspicuous or lewd factors can play a role in the loosening of your teeth. Here are just some of the ways and reasons why your teeth can become mobile

Although a million different reasons can lead to your teeth becoming loose and moving about, all of them work with the same mechanism. The jawbone or the gingiva becomes too weak or thin to hold the tooth or give the tooth wiggle room. This can be because of a bacterial infection (gingivitis or periodontitis in its more extreme form) of the gums that make them reduce, or too swollen to be able to house the teeth in a healthy manner, it can be because of a systemic disease like HIV or diabetes that weakens the jawbones and makes them porous or weak and allows the teeth to rattle about in their sockets, or it can be because of damage to the gums or the jawbones from outside forces, but the end result is that the periodontium, the part of your body that surrounds your teeth, becomes weakened or is gone, and thus the teeth can easily fall out or become unanchored.

Very rarely orthodontic problems can also contribute to the teeth falling out, but usually, this is also in combination with damage or physical trauma of some sort.

What to do with mobile teeth?

At the very first sign of the teeth becoming looser or moving where they didn’t previously, you need to go to the dentist at once. This means that any movement at all is suspicious. The dentist will most likely need to take an x-ray and may need to measure your bone density. If you have gum disease like gingivitis or periodontitis, a thorough deep cleaning hygiene session, along with a course of antibiotics should do the trick, but you may need to undergo oral surgery in order to be completely cured of the problems that are causing the mobility.

If the problem is caused by falling bone density in the jawbone then you are faced with a real problem. You need to find out why your bone density has changed, and act accordingly. There might be more serious problems that will require you to change your lifestyle, or maybe surgery or a dietary supplement will be necessary.

Wisdom teeth are the teeth that are most likely to be extracted. They are the bane of many a patient’s existence, and are a constant nuisance for dentists as well. Often times the third molars, as they are sometimes called, cannot be removed regularly, and even the most skilled dentist needs to result to oral surgery in order to extract them. These extractions can get pretty messy, and can take up to 90 minutes, but a usual wisdom tooth extraction is done in 15 or so. Nevertheless, wisdom teeth must be removed if they are impacted, infected, or are pushing on the rest of the teeth, as they can mess up all of your teeth, can be the cause of extremely expensive interventions, and can cause a whole lot of pain.

When to get a wisdom tooth extraction

  • Infected wisdom teeth: If a wisdom tooth becomes infected, it usually is easiest to remove them. Wisdom teeth very frequently have irregular roots, and their location all the way in the back of the mouth makes it very hard or even straight up impossible to root canal them, and cleaning the tooth may also be difficult in these circumstances. This means that the infection will recur, and thus it is best for both patient and dentist if the tooth is pulled. Partially erupted wisdom teeth (a frequent occurrence when only some of the wisdom tooth breaks through the gum line) very often have this problem.

  • Crowding: The most frequent orthodontic problem, crowding, is very often caused by wisdom teeth growing irregularly. These teeth will push on the rest of the teeth in a row, and will cause them to crowd. In these cases, the extraction of the wisdom tooth is necessary.

  • Impacted wisdom teeth: Sometimes the wisdom teeth do not grow or erupt at all, but stay hidden beneath the gum line. These wisdom teeth are a very serious health risk, can become infected underneath the gums, can push on the rest of your teeth and cause TMJ problems as well.

Wisdom tooth extraction process

Wisdom teeth can be extracted regularly, or surgically. If all of the tooth is erupted and it is easy to reach, there is no problem with extracting the tooth in the regular way, but the difficult location and propensity for only partially erupting (or not at all, in some cases) makes surgical wisdom tooth extractions a quite common oral surgical procedure.

After wisdom tooth extraction

What to do after wisdom tooth extraction?

  • try to eat only liquid meals on the first day after wisdom tooth extraction
  • do not eat or drink dairy products (because of the bacteria, which can harm your wound)
  • clean your teeth properly and gently
  • press a piece of sterile gauze against the wound until the bleeding stops
  • use ice cubes twisted into a towel, if your face is swollen

During orthodontic treatment, the patient is considered at risk regardless of any other dental health issues that may be present at the time. This is because orthodontic treatment works on the basis of keeping the periodontium in a constant state of inflammation. This means that the mouth is less protected than usual, but there is another factor that makes orthodontic treatment a particularly vulnerable time.

During orthodontic treatment, there are metal brackets adhered to the teeth, meaning that it is very difficult to clean the teeth, and some tooth surfaces will be completely off limits until after the braces come off. Here are some of the complications that can come around from orthodontic treatment.

Orthodontic treatment and tooth ;decay

r=”ltr”>The main problem you might be facing is tooth decay. Since certain tooth surfaces are completely covered with metal brackets, you cannot access them, and they might start to decay. Food detritus will get caught in the braces, and between the teeth and the braces. The extra nooks and crannies that come about from your wearing braces will give extra space for the food detritus to get caught in. This means that bacteria can proliferate freely, resulting in increased rates of tooth decay.

Gum disease and dental braces

Because the gums are in a constant state of inflammation, they are less able to fight off the bacteria that are present in the mouth. This leads to a much higher chance of developing gingivitis, periodontitis, and other gum diseases.

<h2 dir=”ltr”>Demineralisation during your orthodontic treatment

The metal brackets of traditional orthodontic braces leach minerals from your tooth enamel, resulting in nasty white splotches on your teeth when the braces come off. These demineralised zones are much more prone to decay, as the enamel is much thinner here, and the bacteria have an easier time living on it.</p><h2< span=””> dir=”ltr”>Protect yourself!</h2<>

>The most important thing is to protect yourself and spend greater care on your daily oral hygiene routine. Here is a list of helpful tips you can do to avoid tooth decay while in braces:

  • Rinse often! By rinsing your mouth out after every meal, you make sure that the bacterial life is flushed out from the mouth.

  • Use mouthwash. This way, the food detritus and the bacteria proliferating on it will be destroyed, as the mouthwash can get everywhere, and reach everywhere.

  • ir=”ltr”>Flossing will be mostly impossible, so use an interdental toothbrush to clean your tooth gaps and the nooks and crannies.
  • Make sure you brush your teeth 3 times a day.

  • <p dir=”ltr”>Avoid eating the sticky, chewy and sugary foods that are off-limits. For a list of all of the foods that are not recommended during orthodontic treatment, ask your orthodontist, if they haven’t already given you one. 

Orthodontic treatment is very important not only for a beautiful smile but also for your health in general. If we have decided to undergo orthodontic treatment, we should always make sure to choose a professional, caring orthodontist and always ask for their advice on oral healthcare during the treatment, which will help us avoid the above-mentioned problems.

Even the best cared for teeth will eventually stain. This is because even the smoothest tooth surfaces have tiny, microscopic cracks and divots in them, and are not entirely smooth, giving the bacteria a place to accumulate and make tartar and plaque, and also an opportunity for staining materials to stain the gunk that accumulates in them. The enamel itself can become stained from certain compounds (listed below), by binding themselves to the calcium and fluoride matrix that the tooth enamel is made up of.

Teeth that are thus stained aren’t just aesthetically less pleasing, the stains and tartar that accumulates is a breeding ground for bacteria that can erode the tooth enamel. This is why these stains need to be removed because they are more likely to become cavities.

Staining ingredients

The most common reason for stained teeth is a combination of coffee and cigarettes. Between the two of them, they account for the vast majority of stains. The tar from tobacco sticks to your teeth and gives a great, hard to remove safe haven for bacteria to breed in, and coffee just happens to colour enamel a very dark brown colour. Tea, red wine, and any other food or drink with high levels of tannins will also stain your teeth. Red berries, beets, strawberries and in general red, acidic foods can also stain the teeth a disquieting shade of pink, something that is extremely visible, even from a distance.

The solution

Although you may try and scrape away the stains at home, you will probably end up hurting your tooth enamel, subjecting yourself to more cavities, and probably will not do a good job at removing the stains at all. The best solution is to check in with us and book an appointment for a hygiene session and tooth whitening. During the hygiene session, the dentist or dental hygienist will gently but effectively scrape away all of the microscopic dirt and tartar from your tooth surfaces and from below your gums and all stains will also be removed. Afterwards, the tooth surfaces will be polished down and made real smooth, making it more difficult for bacteria to start a colony and stain your teeth. The tooth whitening session will get your enamel at tis absolute brightest by removing all stains and chemicals from it.

The internet is chock full of reports and articles detailing how somebody lost all of their tooth enamel and even their life to a tooth whitening session. Such clickbait articles are never to be trusted as factual information, but does that mean that there is absolutely no truth in what they are saying? Is tooth whitening harmless, or are there hidden dangers to be aware of?

Chairside tooth whitening

First of all, tooth whitening is completely safe if completed by an expert dentist. They use the suitable materials in the right concentration and places them on the teeth, with professional tools, making sure your gums and soft tissues stay unaffected. Through an oxidation process, the tooth whitening gel releases the harmful substances stuck in the tooth enamel, this is basically the method of tooth whitening, the result of which can last for a lifetime if you have perfect dental hygiene.

Tooth whitening home kit

But after all, we are only humans, eating, drinking coffee, maybe even smoking, but still, we can have treatments once in every 1-2 years at home with the kits we can buy at our dentists. This home kit consists of a personalised pair of trays, made with the help of the study model of your teeth, to make sure it protects the soft tissues and a whitening gel of a lower concentration level.

What can go wrong with tooth whitening?

If the tooth whitening gel gets out of the tray and into your mouth, there may be some unwanted consequences. An inappropriately applied gel can hurt your soft tissues!

But unless there is an unfortunate accident or mishap, and unless you fail to apply it properly, you should not experience any problems at all. The new active ingredient that is used in these tooth whitening gels for the home kit is carbamide, which is a very biocompatible substance and can easily be diluted with water. This new material is very effective but does not dissolve the tooth enamel.

Over whitening

The colour of your teeth is something you are born with, it cannot be brightened until no ends. However, some patients still wish for teeth brighter than their genetics provides, therefore they want to whiten their teeth too often. The professional dentist will not allow this, instead, he will warn the patient that this is called over whitening, and will not result in an even whiter smile.  Book an appointment with us and ask to see how bright we can make your smile!

You are planning to have an orthodontic treatment but you are not sure what kind of braces to choose?
Do you wish to have a completely invisible solution, or do you absolutely need your braces to be removable?
Do you need a result as quick as possible, or would you like to stick with good old metal braces?
Answer these few questions and we will help you find the solution most suitable for you and your personal circumstances, needs and preferences!

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Root canal treatments inspire fear and anxiety in almost all patients. They have heard it is bad, are not sure what it is, but know someone who had a very painful one. The internet is no help here either. The term root canal treatment brings up search queries of horror stories and mutilated teeth, but this is far from the truth. Let us tell you what a root canal is, and then deal with some of the misconceptions surrounding it.

What is a root canal treatment?

A root canal treatment is a conservative dental procedure in which the tooth pulp and the inside of the tooth is removed, and the roots are enlarged and the entire tooth is filled up, not just the outside. It is used in cases when the tooth is infected and cannot survive the infection it has. It is a last ditch effort to save the function of the tooth, but the tooth definitely dies during the procedure. The dead tooth can go on to be used for decades though, if properly maintained. Root canal treatments require multiple visits, and may require the patient to take antibiotics if the infection is serious enough.

Root canal treatments are painful

A root canal treatment, just like any other dental procedure, is done under local anaesthetic, and thus you should not feel a thing.

A root canaled tooth cannot ever have a problem

Once the root canal treatment is done, the tooth is dead and will not hurt, but the tooth can have many problems if not properly cared for. It can become infected, the gums around it can be swollen or painful, and the tooth can break and cut your tongue or expose some of the dental nerve and be sensitive.

If the tooth does not hurt, it does not need a root canal treatment

This is false to the extreme. You may not feel pain because the tooth is already dead, but a root canal can extend its use for decades, and the infection that killed the tooth can still be present in your mouth.

Root canals are useless because you should just get the tooth extracted

While a root canal treatment does necessarily imply that the tooth will die, an extraction is bad for numerous reasons. For one, you will have a gap in your teeth, which is unsightly, and will make speech and eating food harder. The alveolus that holds the tooth roots will start to disintegrate if you have a missing tooth, and this can lead to tooth loss as a condition.

Which dental filling is best for the problem you have? Well, there are basically three kinds to choose from, and the decision is going to be a whole lot easier than you think, as glass ionomer tooth fillings are not available yet, and amalgam dental fillings have been made illegal. But a description of the pros and cons of all three can be very useful in understanding how dental fillings work, what they do and the properties of each of the materials used.

Amalgam dental fillings

Amalgam tooth fillings are an admixture of silver, mercury, tin, and a whole host of other trace metals to form an alloy that is resistant to wetness and does not corrode, is safe enough, and lasts a lifetime. It is easy to make and most dentists can make them at their dentistry and is super inexpensive. The downside is that the mining and use of mercury have been deemed unethical and is banned in the EU, Japan and many other countries by the Minamata Convention.

The tooth fillings may also leach mercury, which is very bad, as this material causes brain damage, is toxic to humans and is carcinogenic. The other downside is unlike the other two dental fillings on this list, amalgam tooth fillings do not strengthen the teeth, merely fill up the gap that is left by bacterial corrosion. They also look bad, because they make the teeth look darker, and the dental fillings themselves are black and not very aesthetic at all.

White composite dental fillings

These dental fillings strengthen the teeth, are tooth coloured so they blend right in, and so are more hospitable to the tooth they are in. They are also fairly easy to make, but a little bit harder than amalgam. Their main downside is that they decay, meaning you will have to get a new tooth filling every six years or so. This can cause serious problems, as the dental filling will get smaller and smaller over time. These dental fillings also leach trace amounts of BPA, which messes with the hormonal makeup of patients, contributes to obesity and can be carcinogenic.

Glass ionomer dental fillings

Burnt, liquefied and ionised glass is most definitely the best kind of tooth filling. It is just as durable as an amalgam filling, but cannot leach anything, and is just as aesthetically pleasing as a composite white dental filling. The downside is that this is still in the clinical phase, and will require quite a bit of artistry and fancy equipment to make, so they may be more expensive than both of their counterparts.

Orthodontic patients are considered at risk of tooth decay automatically, because of their orthodontic treatment. Why? Because tooth decay after braces is a common problem that affects many orthodontic patients. While the braces are on, hard to reach places become near impossible to reach, and the constant state of inflammation that is a prerequisite to orthodontic treatment makes the gums less able to fight off bacterial invasion. The braces themselves can demineralise the tooth enamel as well, leading to an even harder time fighting off bacteria. All of these factors leave patients with many caries after the braces come off.

Is it normal to have cavities with and after braces?

Yes, it is totally normal, because it is much harder to clean your teeth properly with braces. This is why your dentist suggests doing every dental treatment before the appliance of your braces. After orthodontic treatment, your dentist often suggests a dental cleaning and a teeth whitening to get rid of every stain.

How to prevent tooth decay during orthodontic treatment

There are quite a few things to do while the braces are still on that can make sure that you do not come across a mouth full of cavities once the orthodontic treatment is over.

  1. Pregame: One of the most important things to do is to make sure that you are not putting the braces on already existing bacterial colonies. This will make them proliferate out of control. Make sure you get all cavities filled, all root canal treatments are done and have a deep cleaning and hygiene session right before the braces go on, to make sure that you minimise the risks of tooth decay.
  1. Buy an interdental toothbrush: You will not be able to use dental floss while the braces are on, it just doesn’t work. Many patients report having cavities because they could not use dental floss. The solution is simple: buy an interdental toothbrush, this can go between teeth and the device itself, and can reach pretty much anywhere that dental floss goes to.
  1. Don’t stop using mouthwash: Mouthwash can and should still be used. It may feel worse because the gums are stressed, but you should still do it, because the mouthwash is liquid and can go everywhere, and can go between the device and the teeth as well. It will not damage the brackets, the cement used to adhere it to your teeth, or the device in any way.
  1. Avoid foods listed: Your orthodontist should have given you a list of foods to avoid because they can harm your teeth, the device, or can be bothersome during orthodontic treatment. It is vitally important that you follow the advice and do not eat any of the foods mentioned. If you do, you run the risk of developing tooth decay during orthodontic treatment.

Toothpaste commercials usually use two phrases unendingly, so that it is now burnt into the minds of an entire generation: dental plaque and gingivitis. The problem is that these commercials do not offer an explanation of what these things are, how they affect your teeth, how to get rid of them; they are just seen as some brown spots on the television screen, or possibly a forgettable cartoon character. But what is dental plaque really? And why is it bad for your teeth? Get some in-depth answers below.

What is dental plaque?

Dental plaque is the accumulated habitus of bacteria. It is bacterial colonies that are present in such a large number that they become visible to the naked eye. It looks like yellowish, whitish gunk that is stuck to the tooth surfaces and collects primarily in the gaps between teeth. These are both the bacterial colonies themselves, and their “houses” (or more like cities, actually), as bacteria create a biofilm that allows them to stick to physical objects and become unmovable. An accumulation and hardening of the biofilm is dental plaque. This dental plaque, because it is teeming with bacterial life that excretes acids that eat away at the enamel of the teeth, is the cause of tooth decay and gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.

The three stages of dental plaque:

  1. Biofilm: At first, the plaque just looks like stickier, denser saliva. The bacteria secrete this biofilm, and move around with it, live in it, and stick to possible homes with it. They also digest food in this biofilm.
  1. Dental plaque: The accumulated layers upon layers of biofilm solidify into plaque, that whitish yellowish gunk that you can get between your teeth and underneath your gums.
  1. Tartar: The brownish, hard tartar that stains your teeth and sticks to them. This is a calcified plaque layer that bacteria still live in.

How to get rid of it?

The problem is that dental plaque is already a sign of a lot of bacteria being present in the mouth. Even if you remove the plaque, there will still be bacteria in the mouth, which is why you need a deep cleaning hygiene session once every six months or so, to get rid of all traces of bacterial life from your teeth and gums. Although brushing at least twice a day, using dental floss and mouthwash will kill most of the bacteria, and will definitely remove dental plaque, sometimes they can stick to teeth really hard, and need the intervention of a dentist in order to remove them completely.

There are many different kinds of toothache. Some are dull, some are sharp, some are periodic, while some are continuous, nagging unpleasantries. Sometimes they are just sensitive, other times the pain will not go away. Let us try and help identify what is wrong with your tooth based on how it is responding to pain. Here is a list of possible problems. Please, be aware that this is guesswork, and that a real and actual medical diagnosis of toothache and any other problems can only be done by a dental professional after s/he sees you in person.

Toothache type: sharp, periodic pain

The enamel on your tooth has worn thin, but you still have your dentine. The sharp pain is because the dental nerve is starting to pick up on the outside world, but there is enough protection that only certain actions reach the nerve. You may need a filling, possibly a root canal treatment.

Toothache type: dull nagging pain

Your tooth is experiencing constant inflammation, and there is pressure on your dental nerve. Some kind of trauma or inflammation is at work, putting pressure on your dental nerve, your tooth may be infected, or it may be a response to advanced periodontitis. You may need a root canal treatment or just a deep cleaning session.

Toothache type: strong constant pain

This means that the dental nerve is under attack, and you need to see a dentist immediately. This kind of toothache only goes away with an extraction or a root canal treatment, possibly an extraction.

Toothache type: sensitivity to cold

This means that your enamel is entirely gone or missing in parts, exposing the dental nerve, but only slightly. The sudden drop in temperature makes the tubules in your dentine contract, sending a sudden, sharp pain reaction to the dental nerve. You may need a filling or possibly a gap needs to be closed.

Toothache type: sensitivity to heat

This is bad news. Although it only occurs periodically, it probably means that your tooth is dead, and you need a root canal treatment, or possibly an extraction.

Remember, these are only guesses based on previous experiences, and there are myriad factors that can influence the diagnosis of toothache, which is a subjective symptom. Only a dentist can tell what the real problem is, but this can give you a way to prepare for what can possibly occur.

The price between regular dental crowns and zirconium crowns seems way too much to be justifiable. But there is a very real aesthetic difference between the two, and thus the prices are a bit easier to understand. Zirconium is a rare mineral that is burnt in a kiln to make zirconium oxide, the basis for zirconium dental crowns. This material has all of the properties of real teeth but with all of the durability and strength of porcelain crowns. It plays with the light in the way that tooth enamel does, making dental crowns made of zirconium indistinguishable from real teeth.

What’s in a crown

The outer structure of all dental crowns is usually tooth-coloured porcelain that has been made the exact shade of your teeth. The difference lies in the internal structure. Crowns are made like this: first, the dental technician makes an inner structure, a base that then has porcelain plates attached to it, which are then burnt in a kiln for days, and the final result is a hidden inner structure with a strong, tooth coloured outer layer. Usually, the inner structure is made out of metal which is fine, but when a strong light shines on the dental crown, the inner structure becomes revealed as a set of dark, shadowy lines against the crown, which looks unpleasant. Zirconium dental crowns have inner structures made of zirconium, and the outer structure made of the same tooth-coloured porcelain as usual. The inner structure will not be visible as it is semi-translucent, and will look like real teeth in any circumstances.

Mixed bag

Dentists will recommend getting the teeth in the smile zone to be made of zirconium. Your smile zone is the first 6 teeth, on both arches, as these are the ones that are visible when you smile. The back teeth will never have strong lights shined on them, and will never be fully visible, and thus regular dental crowns are perfectly good at replacing them. This means that not all teeth should be replaced with this rare and expensive mineral, only the ones that are visible when you talk or smile.

Additional information

Zirconium internal structures are just as durable as metal ones. Zirconium is hypoallergenic, suitable for everyone, and readily available at most dentists around the world. They take just as long to make as traditional dental crowns and should last as long too.

A young boy in the French alps, in a village called St. Gervais went to some pretty extreme lengths to avoid going to the dentist. The twelve-year old boy made up an elaborate lie in 2014 about being kidnapped by a man, when police found him hiding from his dentist appointment in a bush in the village. The boy claimed to be from a nearby village and said he was abducted by a man in a black shirt with a scar on his right cheek, and that he barely managed to escape and was hiding from his assailant. The police were looking for the mystery man for one month before the boy came forward to clear the air about his elaborate ruse.

Dental phobia is real

We in the dental profession often forget what it’s like to be on the other side of the chair, as we see people in it all the time and hear the sounds, smell the smells, and see the sights that are associated with this profession. But most dental patients do not, and they can be extremely negatively affected by them. This is something that is often forgotten by dentists and dental professionals, and this seeming ignorance of their feelings can exacerbate the negative feelings that these patients are feeling.

How to avoid dental phobia

Like most phobias, they can be deal with and their effects can be reduced, but there is no real “cure” for these kinds of psychological ailments that does not involve years and years of psychotherapy. But your teeth may not have that kind of time. Here are some shortcuts to help you put up with your fear while going to your half year check-up:

1)     Distract yourself

Bring some music to listen to while you are in the chair, something that can relax you or take away from what is happening. Close your eyes and shut out the sounds, which are so often the source of fear. If you don’t like music, maybe you can play a game on your phone (preferably one with sound), or watch a movie on a tablet.

2)     Rationalise

Fear and anxiety are very often irrational. Try and rationalise your fears, and that cans sometimes make them go away, or give you firm ground to stand on in case you have an anxiety attack.

3)     Find the right dentist

Sometimes it’s not you, it’s them. Some dentists do not care about phobias or the way their patients feel. These dentists should be avoided, even if they do a good job, as there are many dentists that can do a great job and be nice to their patients. Many times the phobia is a result of bad past experiences, which is why it is so important for patients suffering from dental phobia to find a friendly and amicable dentist that they like to be near.

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You could say these two are not your average couple. A man has decided that instead of diamonds, the way to woe his mistress and make a proper woman out of her is to give a piece of himself: his extracted wisdom tooth, carefully wrought into a ring for his fiancé. Of course, she said yes and is now happily married, as far as we know. This is an extremely clever and extremely safe way of saving a bunch of money: you give something personalised and unique, that only she has, and yet don’t have to blow a bunch of money on unethically acquired jewellery and bankrupt yourself just before your honeymoon. Having a wisdom tooth as a ring is safe, affordable and will last a while. Dead teeth will not decay or become demineralised, but the tooth will eventually turn to dust though, but if kept under the right conditions, that can take decades, much longer than the average marriage lasts. But the wisdom tooth can also lacquered and treated so it can literally last centuries, and the strange but endearing memorial can become a bizarre heirloom.

Not the first, really

Jewellery made of hair, teeth and other non-perishable human bits is not a new fad. The Victorians loved it more than anyone, and before that, bishops, cardinals and popes used to have elaborate necklaces and rings that kept the body parts and earthly remains of saints. Lockets with a bit of a loved one, rings that hide a piece or two, these have all been done before. But to make an engagement ring of yourself, well, that may very well be a new one.

How long will it last?

If properly preserved, the tooth can last well beyond a lifetime, as mentioned earlier. An untreated tooth may be prone to decay and to demineralisation, but if the tooth was preserved, than the layer of lacquer or whatever else was used to preserve will start to chip away instead of the tooth, and that layer can be replenished at will.

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Thinking of skipping your next six month check-up? Don’t! They are the key to dental prevention, and the best way to save money on dental treatments. Here are four indisputable reasons why check-ups are the most trusted weapon in the fight for dental prevention.

Are you interested in dental check-up and dental hygiene?


Dental prevention doesn’t just mean preventing cavities and tooth decay, it also means preventing gum disease. Since you cannot really clean below the gum line, you may be unable to prevent periodontitis from forming without the professional deep cleaning that you can get at your six month check-up. And periodontitis can result not only oral problems but also other issues.

Prevent tooth decay

Even if you floss and use mouthwash, you will experience tooth decay unless you go to your half year check-ups. Make sure that you get the tartar removed from your teeth, so that bacteria have no place to live on, this is the best dental prevention tip you will ever receive.

Remove plaque and tartar, polish your teeth

A hygiene session often ends with plaque and tartar removal coupled with a polishing of the tooth surfaces. This is needed to make sure that bacteria cannot start to live on your teeth again, and it will make your teeth look cleaner and brighter, which is always a plus. Some dentists include this in their dental prevention pack, and some charge a little extra for it, but it is well worth getting this treatment done at your next appointment.

Are you interested in dental check-up and dental hygiene?

Oral cancer screening

Oral cancer, if found in the first stages, can be removed with a 90%, one of the highest of any cancers. However, metastasis is relatively easy in this part of the body, and it can spread very quickly, so we experience a so-called tumble effect, where each day sees a drop in percentages. This is why it is so important to go to oral cancer screenings, and these can be easily provided for you at your next half year check-up.

Wisdom teeth often need to be extracted, and very often surgically. This is because they are all the way in the back of the mouth and in order to not damage the teeth in front of it, the dentist often has to go from below and remove the tooth. A common question that patients who are facing wisdom tooth extraction want to know is how long is the recovery period?

When you can do the things you love doing without the long chain of caveats is partially up to you, and partially up to how long it takes you to heal. There are many factors involved in this, and we will be listing a few now.

How Long Does It Take To Recover After Wisdom tooth Extraction?

If everything goes well, it is about

  • 3-4 weeks in the case of wisdom tooth on the lower side
  • 5-6 weeks in the case of wisdom tooth on the upper side

Your dentist takes out the stitches 1 week after your extraction. Please read below, what things may influence the healing time in your case.

Patient cooperation during the healing process

By far the most important factor in recovery after wisdom tooth extraction is patient cooperation. If you do not keep the extraction site clean and maintained, you will not recover quickly after the extraction, and perhaps at all. It is important that you keep the wisdom tooth extraction aftercare instructions provided by your dentist in order to heal as quickly as possible. In the first few days, use ice packs to chill the area from outside, and try and eat as little as possible and only very soft foods that can be easily eaten, so as not to disturb the blood clot. Do not suck on or brush the area directly until the blood clot is reabsorbed by the body.


Lifestyle plays an extremely important role in recovery in general. Certain activities, like smoking, drinking alcohol or taking drugs will disable your immune system and make your body much more susceptible to infection. Smoking also dries out the mucous membranes, so refrain from smoking after wisdom tooth extraction, or you run the risk of developing dry socket or alveolitis. A weakened immune system will also open the door to infections of all sorts, so it is very important to refrain from these kinds of activities while healing.


How quickly your gums and jawbones heal after a wisdom tooth extraction is also a matter of genetics. You inherit an immune system and bones and tissues that are able to recover from damage at a certain rate, and in a certain manner, some are quicker some are slower, and some hard work at all. The bacteria in your mouth are also partially inherited from your environment, and this also plays a very strong role in whether or not the extraction site becomes infected. But with proper care and if you keep your aftercare instructions, you should not run the risk of infection.

Aftercare instructions

What to do after wisdom tooth extraction?

  • try to eat only liquid meals on the first day after wisdom tooth extraction
  • do not eat or drink dairy products (because of the bacteria, which can harm your wound)
  • clean your teeth properly and gently
  • press a piece of sterile gauze against the wound until the bleeding stops
  • use ice cubes twisted into a towel if your face is swollen

An interview with Cathy Cunningham

Our new service, the Practice Plan was launched this year, and for just a few pence a day it provides some basic dental procedures, and a whole slew of other services for a discounted price. We interviewed the first patient who decided to go with the plan, to see what her experiences are with our Practice Plan.

How did you hear of our dental practice?

I first came across Forest & Ray Dental when I needed orthodontic treatment. I chose this dental practice because an orthodontic treatment is a longer procedure, and one of my friends was satisfied with the services of Forest & Ray. The central location was very convenient for me when I had to attend my monthly activation appointments. I was extremely pleased with the end results; I can now smile with confidence.

How did you decide you will start using our Practice Plan?

I think that prevention is very important, and I also thought that I was taking good care of my teeth, because I used to brush twice a day, and I used dental floss as well. During the orthodontic consultation it turned out that I had two cavities that I had no idea about, and that needed to be filled before I could start the treatment. When I first heard of the Practice Plan, I thought this is a good way to keep my teeth in good condition, and to make sure that I can keep the effects of the orthodontic treatment.
This is something like an insurance plan, and if you are lucky you only need to use the free bits of it. Aside from saving money on procedures, the reason I like this program is because it contributes to dental prevention. Because you get two free consultations and deep cleaning sessions with the plan, I can rest assured that nothing unforeseen and tragic is going to happen to my teeth between visits. The yearly fee is well worth it, as tooth extraction and then replacement is extremely expensive, not to mention that oral surgery is scary business.

Did it live up to your expectations?

Well, if I didn’t have Practice Plan membership, I’m sure I would have put off going to the dentist when one of my teeth became sensitive. But since I was a member, I went to the dentist, because even if everything is fine, the visit was already paid for, the worst thing that could happen is that I will have a hygiene session a bit earlier than usual…but it turned out that I needed a root canal treatment. Because of the Practice Plan membership, I got the x-ray for free and I got a significant discount on the actual root canal treatment as well, but what was most important is that they saved my tooth, and you cannot put a price on that.

How did you join the Practice Plan?

When I went to the website to book an appointment for myself for a check-up to see if the retention phase of my orthodontic treatment was in order, I saw an ad for the Practice Plan on the website itself, and I asked for details at the actual dental practice, after my check-up was done. They sat me down and we went over all of the details, and then I signed the contract, and everything went quickly and very simply. I chose the Gold discount pack, which is advertised on the website, and I chose to pay in full once a year, because they give a month of insurance for free, but I could have chosen to pay monthly, too. It’s a shame that this Practice Plan wasn’t around earlier, I would have definitely joined during the orthodontic treatment, because the dental practice has a really good program for that as well. The cherry on top of all of this is the fact that my family members can join for a lot less, and they end up giving me discounts by joining.

The European Cup is upon us, and it has been nothing but football for nearly a month now. This is a great time to celebrate the wins and mourn the losses of your team, and to enjoy good sportsmanship and great company, along with snacks, beer and soft drinks galore. Although you will not be playing (most likely), some of the activities associated with rooting for your favourite team have negative consequences for your teeth. Here are a few things to be mindful of regarding dental prevention while the European Cup is on. Keep these few tips, and game on!

Alcohol is bad for your teeth

No one should begrudge you a celebratory drink after your team has won a hard match against an imposing opponent. The problem is that many football fans go a bit overboard and tend to start with a celebratory drink and continue on until their team wins or loses, and the result is way too much alcohol. Alcohol is bad for your teeth because it dries out the mucous membranes and dissolves the enamel of the teeth. The best way to counteract this and to achieve dental prevention is to drink plenty of water between drinks, and especially before you go to bed. Make sure you rinse properly and wait at least half an hour after your last drink before you brush your teeth, as the weakened enamel can be brushed off.


During the European cup, the sale of snacks will go up and up, including popcorn, chips, salty and sweet snacks of all sorts. These are kind of bad for your teeth; sweets contribute to the proliferation of bacteria, whilst salty foods dry out the mouth and can be quite abrasive to the soft tissues, and popcorn can break your teeth and get stuck in the cracks of your teeth. Make sure you floss properly after eating snacks, and that you rinse your mouth out after eating salty snacks, and try to limit your sugar intake in the name of dental prevention. Most sugar is consumed in the form of soft drinks, try and drink less of them as they are extremely bad for your teeth.

What to do

As long as you remember to brush and floss properly, and chew sugar free gum after the game, eating snacks and having a brew or a glass of wine to toast with is no problem at all. Make sure that you keep your focus on dental prevention during this time, and they should incur no damage at all during the European Cup. Enjoy the games, and may the best team win!

Our dental treatments

There are many options for orthodontics that will be the best for you. The pick is usually between fixed-line braces versus Invisalign, or other clear aligners. The choice is important, but do you know the difference between Invisalign and fixed braces? Let us explain it, so you can choose the best orthodontic solution for your problems!

Regular braces vs Invisalign

Everybody knows about traditional braces, which consist of brackets adhered to the teeth that are guided by an archwire. But did you know that adult orthodontics has brought us completely transparent and tooth coloured fixed aesthetic braces? This means they are almost invisible when you smile, and you can get lingual braces as well, which are on the backside of your teeth, making them truly invisible!
Invisalign is a brand of clear aligner. These aligners are removable trays that are shaped more or less like your teeth, and you get a new, slightly different one at every activation. These trays are gentle and removable, but must be worn for at least 22 hours a day making them ideal for adult orthodontics, ands for people who are in the public eye.

Benefits of Invisalign and regular braces

The benefits of Invisalign versus traditional braces may not be clear right off rip, so let us break it down for you:

Benefits of Invisalign:

  • Reportedly more comfortable than regular braces
  • Easier to clean, as you can take it out during eating and brushing your teeth, can easily clean the aligner when it becomes necessary, making it more hygienic
  • Completely invisible and shaped like your teeth

 Benefits of traditional braces:

  • Can complete all orthodontic treatments, whereas Invisalign can only correct some malocclusions
  • Usually faster, because you cannot remove it, and there is no chance of losing them
  • Cheaper yet more effective

To help you decide between Invisalign and traditional braces

Here are some questions you should ask yourself that can help you determine for sure which kind of orthodontic treatment you should go with. First is of course finance: as Invisalign is more expensive than fixed braces, is money tight right now? You are going to drop well over a thousand pounds on orthodontics, but how much is it going to hurt your budget? A quick glance at the figures should prove useful.

Second is appearance: how important is it? There are fixed braces that are aesthetically pleasing and are nearly invisible, but do you need them to actually not be in there (for example, do you perform publicly, are braces considered negative in your surroundings, etc.)? The third is the comfort/time issue. Sure Invisalign is much more comfortable, but it also takes longer, as patients tend to take it out often. If you don’t mind some of the discomfort but want it over, then invisalign.    

Gingivitis is the chronic inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth, or the gums. This is caused by bacteria, usually streptococcus mutans, which are responsible for tooth decay and a number of other chronic illnesses. Gingivitis during pregnancy is a problem because the streptococcus can affect the development of the infant negatively. Here is how you can tell if you have gingivitis during pregnancy, and how to treat it.

The mouth during pregnancy

Every aspect of a woman’s body changes during pregnancy because a bunch of hormones are released, and the body is taxed extra heavily because the infant has no immune system and is dependent on her mother’s for survival. This means that with a weakened immune system, the mother is much more likely to get gingivitis, as the immune system which usually keeps the bacteria at bay is no more, and the bacteria can proliferate much more. This is what causes bleeding gums during pregnancy, which is a common problem, and which causes puffy gums during pregnancy as well.

How to treat gingivitis during pregnancy

Gingivitis cannot be treated with at-home methods, even if the outward symptoms can be minimised. You need to go to a dentist in order to get your gingivitis treated before it turns into periodontitis. Your dentist should definitely know that you are pregnant, if you are even a little unsure whether or not your dentist knows, mention the fact that you are expecting. The dentist will prescribe antibiotics, as there are some that are safe to take during pregnancy, and which do not cause any sort of problems for the foetus.

Some procedures can be done even while you are pregnant, and even if you need oral surgery, your dentist will know what to do to make sure that no materials that are harmful to the unborn are used.

It is extremely important to treat gingivitis during pregnancy and to make sure that your baby is not subjected to bacterial infections as a foetus because they can have an untold effect on the development and health of your child. Gum disease is one of the leading causes of miscarriage, and thus it is extremely important that you go and see a dentist every trimester, to make sure that everything is alright.

The position of dentists on the use of mouthwash can be quite confusing. Are they for it or against it? On the one hand, you hear about how great mouthwash is, and how it can get everywhere that a toothbrush can’t, and can neutralize bacteria, on the other hand, it is bad for the mouth and causes cancer. Which one is it, then? Should patients use mouthwash, and if so, what kind? In this article, we wish to shed some light on these questions.

Mouthwash and oral cancer

In a relatively recent study, the link between excessive mouthwash use and oral cancer was brought to light, and there is a strong correlation, meaning that even if the mouthwash didn’t cause cancer directly, it certainly had a significant role in the formation of oral cancer. But other problems have been attributed to the overuse of mouthwash as well; mouthwash dries out the mucus membranes of the mouth, can inflame the gums, causes tooth sensitivity, and can cause cold sores and other outbreaks in the mouth.

Not all mouthwash!

It is interesting to note that all of these problems are attributed to mouthwash which has alcohol as the main ingredient. Alcohol is slightly carcinogenic, causes dryness of the mouth, dries out mucus membranes, and is in general not very good for your health. But many mouthwash manufacturers have gotten rid of alcohol as the main ingredient, and are using more biocompatible and friendly products as an active bactericide. So it is not true that these problems are necessarily a result of using mouthwash.

How to use them

In interpreting all of these studies, we have found two very important facts. The problems outlined are always the result of the overuse of alcoholic mouthwash. This should be no surprise; we are talking about an abrasive chemical substance that was used many times a day excessively.

Instead of using alcohol-based mouthwash excessively, do these instead; get some mouthwash that is alcohol-free but effective, and use it twice a day. Once in the morning, and once at night, directly after you floss and brush, to get to all of the hard-to-reach areas, and to wash out any of the plaque and tartar that may have been loosened but not quite removed. This should not dry out your mouth, hurt your gums or cause oral cancer.

More than just a cosmetic procedure for those who want to look their best, teeth cleaning sessions are an absolutely indispensable part of good oral health. They are as necessary as flossing and brushing your teeth, but do not need to be done as frequently, as they are the main preventative measure against tooth decay and gum disease. Find out all about what hygiene sessions are, why they are necessary, and what you can expect when you go to get one from this article we have compiled.

What is a dental hygiene session?

A hygiene session or deep cleaning is a routine dental treatment during which the dentist cleans and polishes your teeth, and cleans out the gums as well. This can be seen as the most basic of dental procedures; it is basically just maintenance but done by a professional. The reason you need to get them is that you simply cannot clean certain aspects of your teeth at home, and you cannot remove tartar and plaque by yourself. A dental hygiene session seeks to do all the things you cannot help maintain your teeth.


The benefits of a dental hygiene session are manifold. First and foremost, this is the main weapon in the fight against gum disease, as the bacterial gunk will be removed from around and underneath the gums. Tooth decay is prevented by scraping the tartar and plaque off of tooth surfaces, leaving them clean and free of bacterial life.

Halitosis or bad breath is also caused by decaying food particles and active bacterial colonies in the mouth, and removing them will also remove the bad breath associated with them. The teeth also look a lot better afterwards, and any stains and discolouration should be removed as well. This will leave you with the confidence to smile again.


Here is what you can expect: dental hygiene sessions take anywhere from 15 to 90 minutes, depending on the amount of tartar and plaque that needs to be removed. If there is a lot to be done, you may need a longer session, if not, a shorter one will do. When you go in, the dentist will use a hand device or an ultrasonic hand device and remove all of the plaque and tartar from your tooth surfaces. Afterwards, the dentist will use a scaler to remove the plaque that can be found underneath the gum line and in the alveolar pockets by scrapping underneath your teeth. After this, they will polish your teeth to make them smooth and shiny. Aside from improving your appearance this last but also makes your tooth surfaces smooth, which makes it harder for stains and plaque to start forming on it again.

Which food contains the highest amount of tooth-damaging acid? Is an electric toothbrush more effective?
How long does the result of at-home tooth whitening last?
Test your knowledge and win a free dental hygiene treatment in our National Smile Month Quiz!

Candida albicans is a kind of fungus that likes to grow on the human body. It is best known as the main cause of yeast infections, and the dermatological illnesses that it causes, but it is also a problem for the mouth. In babies, it comes along as oral thrush and can be treated only with strong medication. In adulthood, this fungus takes on many forms. Here is what to look out for.

Sores and spots

Any kind of microbial infection of the mouth is likely to cause swelling, redness, sores, and little outbreaks or spots. The Herpes simplex virus, which causes cold sores, is almost indistinguishable from the early signs of candida infection of the mouth. Candida will eventually, if left to its own devices, form a matt-like fungal body on your tongue and soft tissues, essentially living off of your gums.

How to deal with it

There is always some amount of candida in your body, usually on your skin, so getting rid of all of it is not possible and not desirable either. But an outbreak or infection of the mouth needs to be controlled or reversed if at all possible. This can be done best by taking antifungal medication, which will kill off the colony in the body, but which may have other side effects on your body as well. After taking medication, a technique called oil pulling may also get rid of the excess fungus in your body. Swish a little bit of coconut oil around in your mouth, this way it pulls off the fungal colonies from the affected tissue and makes them really easy to remove.

Proper diet

The best medical technique against an infection of the mouth is prevention. Candida albicans outbreaks can be prevented by having a proper diet that does not feed the fungus already in your body, thus it cannot amass enough to have an aggressive outbreak, or to have bits of you colonized. This fungus eats alcohol, carbohydrates, and sugars, so you may need to eat fewer carbs and less sugar if you want to avoid or cut down the rate of infection of the mouth. Fungi usually do not like oils and fats, so eating lots of nutritious, but greasy food is a good way to starve the fungus in your body.

Do we really know what our dentist can do for our health? Do we consider the half-year oral check-ups really necessary? Unfortunately, the answer for these questions is too often no. This might be the reason why 10% of British people feel so ashamed about their teeth that they do not even visit the dentist. 20% of them is afraid and avoids going to a dental clinic, while  another 20% simply does not think it is necessary to get their teeth checked. These attitudes also affect children; 31% of British children younger than 10 years old ended up at an emergency dental clinic at least once in the past 5 years.

The above mentioned statistics are published in the latest research of Simplyhealth, which also showed that most people do not even know what to expect during a dental appointment. One third of the surveyed would not think that their dentist would recognise the symptoms of oral cancer during a check-up, even though one of the basic tasks of a dentist is to recognise any changes in the mouth…

However, the common belief that British people have much worse teeth than Americans, is not true anymore. The statistics of British oral health did not only get much better in the past few years, but in some fields they are even better than the American ones. For example losing all of one’s teeth is one of these; around the millenium, this problem affected every fifth middle-aged British person, but 10 years later only every 20th of them lost all of their teeth. This is partially the result of social campaigns informing people about the causes of tooth loss, especially gum diseases.

British oral healthcare and general awareness experienced a significant improvement in the past years, however, in order to keep our teeth as long as possible, there is still a lot to do when it comes to regural oral cleaning and care.
National Smile Month is a campaign that surely played a significant role in the improvements of oral hygiene in the United Kingdom. The event, celebrating its 40th birthday this year, is organised between the 16th of May and 16th of June.

The most important message of the campaign:

  • Brush your teeth everyday before going to sleep and at least one more time with toothpaste containing fluoride!
  • Consume less sugary food and drinks!
  • Visit your dentist regularly, with the frequency he recommends for you!
  • The most important thing we can do for our teeth is going to regular dental check-ups, fighting neglect and fear – in the latter, we can ask our dentist for help, because there are many methods to make a dental appointment easier for nervous patients.
  • According to popular belief, it is inevitable that we lose our teeth as we grow old. However, this is not necessary anymore. Of course, ageing affects the mouth as well, but if we pay enough attention to oral hygiene, we might be able to keep our teeth for life!

With the National Smile Month being 40 years old, we offer you 40% off of our dental hygiene package!

Maintaining a beautiful smile is a lifelong project. In this article, we collected 10 tips to improve your oral health. Apply these in your daily habits for a healthy smile.

1. Mouthwash

Mouthwash is awesome, it gets to places where dental floss or a toothbrush simply cannot, on account of being a liquid, and neutralizes bacteria all over the mouth. Make sure that you are using an alcohol-free one though, as alcoholic mouthwash can do more harm than good, as it dries up the mucous membranes.

2. You MUST floss!

Flossing is not optional, it is not overzealous oral health activity, it is an absolute basic requirement, and must be done if you are to avoid cavities. If you find it difficult, use floss sticks or an interdental toothbrush, but you MUST clean between your teeth.

3. Don’t brush so hard

We usually find that patients brush too hard and for too little time. Make sure you gently brush your teeth, so as to not harm the enamel, and make sure you brush for at least two minutes at a time, going over each area several times before calling it quits. Floss first, brush later and then use mouthwash for better oral health.

4. Wait for a little before brushing

Brushing your teeth should be the last thing you do at night, and you should wait for at least half an hour after you have eaten or had anything sugary or acidic to drink before brushing, as the enamel is weakened by eating and by sugar. If you brush before, you may end up hurting your tooth enamel.

5. SLS free toothpaste

SLS is an ingredient commonly found in pastes of all sorts, and toothpaste also tends to have this material in it. This additive doesn’t do much for oral health, as it is just in there to make the consistency different, but it does cause cancer sores, so try and get toothpaste that is SLS-free.

6. Drink more water!

You need water in order to hydrate your mouth, as this is the best way that your mouth can fight off bacteria, by being properly lubricated. Saliva production is also necessary, as saliva has antibacterial properties and the gums also need lots of water to function properly and protect your teeth. Aside from this, certain foods and drinks like berries, coffee, or tea require you to drink more water, as they can easily stain the tooth surfaces, and by drinking water you are soaking the staining agents off before they dry and bond with your tooth enamel.

7. Sugar-free life

Try and eat less sugar or no sugar at all if possible. Aside from feeding harmful bacteria with it, sugar is bad for a number of other reasons as well, as it can cause diabetes, high blood pressure and is an addictive substance, after all.

8. Change your toothbrush!

Some people say 3 months, some people say 6-8 weeks, some people say 3 times a year, the point is, you need to change your toothbrush fairly frequently. Bacteria start to colonize your toothbrush, and each brushing makes it less and less effective. The best way to tell if you need a new toothbrush is to see how far the bristles stick out; if they stick out at all, and are bent in any way, you should get a new one.

9. Vitamins

Proper nutrition is very important. But aside from the things you don’t eat, there are a couple of vitamins you need to keep your teeth healthy. These are A, D3, and K2. Make sure you eat plenty of these.

10. Dairy

Unsweetened dairy products like milk, hard cheese, yogurt and kefir, or ayran are great for your teeth. They are mildly antibacterial, promote the growth of healthy intestinal flora, and have a bunch of minerals and building blocks of healthy enamel. They also coat the teeth in a layer of mineral-rich film which binds to the teeth and replacing minerals lost from your tooth enamel.

During the booking please refer to the code: ortho_finance_1

Offer includes:

  1. Extensive orthodontic consultation
  2. Handover of personalised orthodontic appliances
  3. Monthly activations
  4. Retainer

You would love to get your teeth done, but  you couldn’t face having braces? Besides metal braces you can choose the aesthetic or invisible version!

Type of the orthodontic deviceOrthodontic device with 10 activations – daily price in case of an interest free finance for 1 year

Orthodontic treatment:

  1. Extensive orthodontic consultation
  • Discussion about possible options
  • Taking photos
  • Taking a panoramic X-ray
  • Taking impressions for study models
  • Treatment Plan will be made by the orthodontist in 1-2 weeks after the consultation
  1. Brace
  • Handover of personalised orthodontic appliances based on the accepted treatment plan
  1. Monthly activations
  • In order for the teeth to move braces must be activated or “tightened” every four to six weeks
  1. Retainer
  • Orthodontic retainers are custom-made devices (fixed or removable) that hold teeth in position after the treatment has finished

In some cases, before  the  orthodontic treatment, other treatments might be needed, based on your condition: dental cleaning, root canal treatment or tooth filling. The above offer does not include the price of these other treatments!

Discounted orthodontic package:

  •  metal/arch: from £ 1821
  •  aesthetic/arch: from £ 2608
Extensive orthodontic consultation£117
Orthodontic device with 10 activations*




Retainer (fixed OR removable) /arch£197
Retainer (Fixed AND removable) / arch£357

*This offer is for metal and aesthetic braces. Please note that if you choose a different device the total price of the package would be different. 

If you pay in advance, the discount is £160 in  case of metal brace and 210£ In  case of aesthetic one.

In some cases more activation appointments are needed: the offer does not include the price of additional activations!

Do you want nearly invisible orthodontic device? Click for our Invisalign® offer!

The human body is an interconnected system of individual parts that can only function in unison. The problems of one part of the body will affect your overall health, which in turn affects the rest of your body, and cause problems that are unforeseeable. The mouth is one of the nexuses of the body: since food goes in there, so many nerves and veins go through there that the problems of the mouth are bound to affect the rest of the body. One unfortunate consequence of chronic conditions in the mouth is erectile dysfunction or ED.

What is ED and what causes it?

Erectile dysfunction is when the penis cannot get fully erect, even when excited. This can be caused by a number of things; the veins might be clogged and blood flow may not be adequate, or the nerves may be damaged and not receive the proper impulses, or the tissues may be damaged and leaking blood, or a host of other things could go wrong in this very sensitive and complex area.

The link with periodontitis

Periodontitis is the medical term for an inflammation of the gums. This means that a bacterial infection has occurred and a bacterial colony is living in the soft tissues of the mouth. These bacteria create plaque, and cause inflammations and clog veins and blood vessels. They also like to travel, and the oral cavity gives them plenty of options to do so. This way they can make their way down to the genitals (as well as the arteries, intestines, larynx and pretty much any place affected by the blood supply), and start living in the veins, arteries and capillaries there, clogging them and leading to erectile dysfunction.

Scientific basis

The study Andrologia, which is one of the foremost scientific periodicals, dedicated to men’s health issues has released some very interesting finds in this area. Some 80 per cent of men who were diagnosed with erectile dysfunction had periodontitis as well. In this case, the large amounts of plaque travelled around the body and destroyed the endothelial cells that form the lining of the blood vessels in the penis and in other parts of the body.
The effects of ED caused by periodontitis are reversible! Once the teeth were cleaned and the source of the periodontitis was removed, the body started seeing healthy blood flow again, and the endothelial cells can regenerate and be repaired by the body.

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Dentistry has come very far, and now there are very few dental problems that modern medicine does not have some kind of remedy for. Many people think that only the shade or alignment of their teeth can be changed when in reality, every single aspect of your smile can be manipulated and improved upon. In this article, we wish to talk a little about how the gums can be adjusted for a prettier, healthier smile that will give you the confidence you need in your day-to-day social interactions. Read on to find out more.

Crown lengthening

If you have a smile that is too gummy and does not show enough of your crown, a simple procedure can change that in an instant. Crown lengthening is a procedure by which the gums around the tooth in question are trimmed back to reveal more of the tooth, providing a more radiant smile.

This procedure is a facet of oral surgery and requires surgical intervention, but it is not just a question of vanity. Gums that hang onto teeth can get food particles caught in them easily, and are much more likely to be infected with gingivitis, so getting the gums cut back can actually provide health benefits. The procedure rarely takes longer than 45 minutes and is done under local anesthetic.

Gum grafts

Sometimes a smile does not have enough gum, and the roots of the teeth or the unattractive yellowish, greyish cementum are showing. In these cases, a gum graft might become necessary.

A gum graft is an oral surgical procedure in which a bit of gum is removed and is grafted to where it is most needed. This is a routine procedure and is done all the time. The benefits of this procedure are also not just aesthetic: gum grafts provide insulation for parts of the teeth that should not be exposed to the outside world, as these bits are less able to stave off tooth decay. Tooth sensitivity is frequently caused by the exposure of teeth and the dental nerve being too close to the surface. A gum graft can insulate the nerves and can thus relieve tooth sensitivity.

These procedures require a healing time for the wounds on the gums. This means you may need to change the way you eat and what you consume, as some things may be uncomfortable until the gums are completely healed over, and you may need to change the way you brush for a few days, too. Ask your dentist for post-surgical instructions, and make sure you follow them precisely to avoid damage or infection.

The paradigms that we use to understand a given realm of science or knowledge changes with each new breakthrough or discovery made. Dentistry, as a facet of medical science, is no exception from this rule, and works according to the paradigms of the day, which, hopefully, are dictated by the advances that science has made. New concepts sweep through the world of science, and experiments are tried out to make new techniques and new products or services that are better, faster, healthier, and more advanced than the previous ones. The concept of minimum intervention is one of these concepts.


Minimum intervention

The immune responses of a healthy human body and the body’s natural ability to heal itself are fascinating. The problem is that immune responses are dumb, and are sometimes triggered when nothing is wrong, and sometimes are not triggered even though some terrible malfunction is occurring. The concept behind minimum intervention is to try and control the awesome capacity for the body to heal itself, and to trigger the natural healing mechanisms of the human body before trying for more serious interventions, especially surgery. To paraphrase Dr. Mickenautsch, the concept of minimum intervention is a philosophy based on early detection and treatment of diseases on a micro level, and letting the body use its own resources to fix itself. This is realized by using minimally invasive treatments, which are patient friendly and require less equipment and procedures.

Applications in dentistry

The area where this new concept is most useful in dentistry is of course oral surgery and root canal treatments. Although the removal of soft tissues may still be needed, cutting the soft tissues a little and letting the body fight off infections and bacterial life, or only removing a little bit of the tissue, and letting the body fight off the rest might be a good solution when it comes to your oral health. The use of antibiotics is also very limited, and root canal treatments are thus done a little bit differently. By triggering the natural immune responses of the human mouth (which are some of the strongest in the entire human body), the bacteria is fought off by the immune system, thus there is not so much of a need for antibiotic treatments.
Only certain treatments can be done in this way, and once bacteria have reached a certain level, the body needs help, as it cannot fight the infection off by itself. To benefit from the incredible potential that this new mode of treatment entails, you must appear on your half year check-ups so that the dentist can spot the early symptoms of a disease that is about to form.

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The era of mandatory train track braces is officially over! Now, you can wear transparent braces on the side of your teeth facing inwards or by getting completely transparent brackets! Brackets made from sapphire crystals are now here and provide a perfect aesthetic solution to the problem of adult orthodontics. Keep reading to find out more.

What are sapphire braces? What are the main differences between ceramic and sapphire brackets?

The composition of sapphires, like most minerals, is highly durable, completely transparent, scratch-free, and can be fashioned into pretty much anything. They are used in the screens of specific equipment that must withstand lots of pressure or heat but still have to be legible, even from a distance. They are also the fundamental element in many shatterproof glasses.

In dentistry, aesthetic braces are the only entirely transparent bracket in orthodontics. These braces, made from crystal-clear sapphire, are more stain-resistant than ceramic brackets made from porcelain. They even can be made of plastic chemical composites, which can be more porous. 

The enamel on our teeth has a pigment, and everyone’s tooth color is slightly different, which makes it challenging to find a tooth-colored bracket to match everyone. Using this high-quality orthodontic option pulls in color from the teeth, no matter what shade the teeth are. In addition to the aesthetic benefits, they are twice as resistant to breakage as other ceramic braces. They also require less force when removed from the teeth and have a low friction profile that provides optimum patient comfort.

What are the advantages of sapphire brackets?

Nowadays, sapphire crystal is a biocompatible, hypoallergenic material selected to manufacture aesthetic braces. These braces work in dental correction just as fast as fixed metal brackets, but they almost go unnoticed. They rarely get to stain, are long-lasting, and virtually scratch-free, making them the ideal choice for patients conscious of their appearance.

These white, translucent brackets adapt perfectly with the color of the natural tooth, giving you the confidence to smile without anyone noticing you are wearing them. Sometimes, the patient can choose a white metallic wire for the brackets that make them look even less noticeable.

How to care for sapphire braces?

It’s true that nowadays, some brands of less expensive clear brackets become discolored with wear. The porcelain type can injure from food or beverages, such as tomato sauces, soft drinks, coffee, tea, and grape juices. However, some quality brackets on the market do not stain so quickly and keep their transparency.

Good hygiene can prevent stains and improve orthodontic treatment. Brushing within 20 minutes after eating foods or drinking beverages that can stain the brackets, you are reducing a considerable amount of unnecessary discomfort. Staying away from sticky foods (chewing gum) and having optimal oral hygiene are good practices for keeping white teeth free of tooth decay and plaque residue. Even patients with aesthetic braces can take measures to ensure they stay looking aesthetically pleasing.

On average, you should brush your teeth twice daily with non-whitening toothpaste. It is essential to have the ligatures of your brackets changed regularly, as they can stain faster over time. 

The cleaner your braces are, the less friction created as far as orthodontic movement goes during your treatment plan. That means the braces can move the teeth quickly, and you do not require to extend the treatment duration. Patients who do not brush and floss properly risk sore and inflamed gums, making it more difficult for the orthodontist to align the teeth properly.


If you have to get more than one tooth extracted or if you have several teeth in a row that are missing, you will definitely feel that biting, chewing, and depending on the teeth that have gone missing even speech has become much more difficult. There are basically two ways to get them replaced: either with a bridge (or a partial denture), or with dental implants. Because the difference is not always clear, I hope to clarify what the pros and cons are for both of these solutions.

Bridges and dentures

Bridges and dentures can replace normal chewing function and with a little time can restore your speech to what it was previously. The main downside with this kind of tooth replacement is that it is not a complete tooth replacement. Bridges and dentures only replace the visible portion of the teeth; the ones that stick out of the gums and that are used to chew. But if the gums do not have tooth roots in them, they start to disintegrate, and this puts the rest of your teeth in jeopardy, and you risk losing perfectly healthy teeth due to lack of anchorage.

But partial dentures and bridges are much cheaper, require no surgery, and can be in the mouth fulfilling their function in 2 weeks’ time. This is definitely a drawing point for many patients, who may not be able to afford costly dental implants. Removable dentures are also more hygienic and easier to take care of than fixed bridges or dental implant fixed dentures.

Dental implants

Dental implants are actually more worth it in the long run for a tooth replacement, but they are definitely an investment. The visible portion of the teeth is still replaced with a bridge, except that under no circumstances can it be removable, but the real difference lies beneath the gum line. While dentures and bridges do not replace tooth roots, dental implants are tiny titanium screws that are drilled into the jawbone, acting as artificial tooth roots, and replacing every part of the tooth. This is definitely healthier and functionally more appropriate, as it stops tooth loss because it stops the weakening of the alveolus.

Dental implants take a while: there is a three month healing time after the implantation, and then some more before you get your final crown and abutment. They are also markedly more expensive, too. But they are the only real solution to tooth loss, as they replace the entirety of the tooth, not just the crown.
If you are strapped for cash, by all means, a denture or bridge is the best solution, or if you need a solution fast. But if you need a lasting solution, dental implants are by far the better investment.

The most important thing is that toothache is not the kind of problem that can be solved with an easy tooth extraction

Conservative dental treatment or tooth removal

Removing a tooth only leads to newer and costlier problems: missing teeth negatively impact our digestion, our remaining teeth and our confidence, so you need to replace the missing tooth. It is best to keep our natural teeth in the mouth for as long as possible, both for our health and our appearance!
Conservative dentistry (conservative dental treatment as a category) is the umbrella term used to lump all procedures together that are performed for the sake of conserving your teeth. Tooth fillings, root canal treatments, and the many kinds of prostheses (like crowns, inlays and onlays) are all part of conservative dentistry. Conservative dental procedures not only preserve your health, they also help to preserve your wallet, as they are much less costly than replacing teeth, which can be quite expensive indeed. If you do not replace missing teeth, your gum line will disappear, and then if you want to replace the missing tooth you will need to spend even more money to do so.

Most important conservative dental procedure

Tooth filling

A tooth filling is the kind of conservative dental procedure that seeks to repair decay on the cusps or the crown of the tooth. When treating the affected area, the dentist seeks to preserve as much of the original healthy tooth material as possible. The decayed parts are removed, and the cavity is filled. They used to use amalgam fillings to fill the cavity, but nowadays different filling materials are used, on account of the high mercury content of amalgam fillings. It is well worth to check your old fillings, and have them replaced with newer ones.

Inlay, onlay, overlay

This kind of dental prosthesis can be thought of as a go between, somewhere halfway between a filling and a crown. The material used is the same as the crown, a piece of porcelain, but what it does is fill up the cavity or missing part of a tooth, usually on the cusps. The size of the partial crown is what gives it its name: inlays go in the cusps, onlays cover the entire biting surface, and an overlay goes on top like a crown, but is smaller.


Crowns are replacements of the visible portion of a tooth. They do not completely replace the tooth in question, only the visible portion of it. Crowns are always made of porcelain on the outside, but their inner structure can be either metal, or zirconium. Metal internal structures are cheaper, but can show up as dark lines on the tooth surface if light is shining on the tooth. Zirconium plays with the light in the same way that a natural tooth does, and thus prostheses made from this material are completely lifelike, and are indistinguishable from real, living teeth.

Root canal treatment

A root canal treatment is a last attempt to save a tooth that is quite decayed, but is structurally still sound. The inner, soft structure of the tooth can become infected, and this material is removed, and the hollowed out tooth is then filled up with an antibiotic filling. This may need to be repeated several times until the infection is fought off. At the end, the tooth is filled up with a root filling. The tooth is dead at the end of root canal treatment, as the dental nerve and the internal structure of the tooth is removed, but root canaled teeth, if properly maintained, can stay good for a very long time, serving proper chewing and biting function sometimes even decades after their death.

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During the booking please refer to the code: implant_finance_1

Change your life once and for all by our top quality dental implants ‐ from the price of £5.3 per day only and no interest to pay.*

The offer includes:

Dental treatment typeFee
Implantfrom £950
Standard abutmentfree
Healing screwfree
Porcelain fused to metal crown (implant quality)from £900
Hygienefrom £87
Post-op check upfree
Medication if neededfree
X-ray during the treatmentfree
Sumfrom £1937
daily price/1 year

*With 0% APR finance option

monthly/ 1 year

*With 0% APR finance option


Full pricelist HERE

Steps of the implantation:

  1. Consultation
  2. Treatment plan supported by modern diagnostics
  3. Thorough dental hygiene
  4. Implantation (titanium implant screw)
  5. Healing time (from 2 to 6 months)
  6. Crown (permanent)

What could be simpler? Spread the cost of your treatment over a period to suits you!
Try our finance calculator!

  • No interest to pay*

*Below £3000 and if the payback period is 6/10/12 months

  • Easy and fast application process


Some very unpleasant news from the world of sports: study seems to show that football players have “worryingly bad teeth”, according to the BBC. What are the implications, and how could some of the most overpaid people on the planet have teeth that are downright horrid? Here are the news and the reasons behind them.

Study about football player’s tooth

A study looked at 8 different clubs in England and Wales, and of the 10 players sampled in each team, at least 4 had cavities. The study also found that some 53% of all players had some degree of tooth erosion and significant damage to the tooth enamel, but only 45% reported being bothered by the state of their teeth, and only 7% said that their poor oral hygiene affected their ability to perform on the field. The study was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, and can be viewed for free there, for anyone who wants to get involved in the technical details of this interesting study.

Bad teeth — implications

The implications for these numbers are fairly far reaching. First of all, why are all these wealthy men stuck with bad teeth? The cause is only partially poor nutrition and sugar consumption, the usual suspects when it comes to tooth decay and epidemic dental problems. But the life of a football player is quite stressful, as constant practices and physical use of their body may leave them wanting more nutrients than they are taking in, and this will eventually lead to dental erosion. The semi-contact nature of football also makes it so that a tooth guard must be worn, but scrapes of the enamel and such are inevitable when on the field. In more extreme cases, the tooth can completely decay because of these circumstances, and there is nothing left to do but to replace it with dental implantation.


A study into the oral health of Olympic athletes done in 2012 also found that nothing was better at all in this realm either. Some 40% of athletes have significant tooth decay, compared to around 30% of the population for the same age. The problem is that the athletic lifestyle leaves room for little else aside from practice and this, coupled with a lack of education, is what seems to be the major problem, according to Stijn Vandenbroucke, head of medicine and science at West Ham. They vowed to make education a priority and to make sure that athletes have better oral hygiene in the future.

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People are getting married later now, many are getting married fewer times than in the past, so it is small wonder that the brides of today want everything to be just so on their big day. The location, themed weddings are big again, the food, the service, the church, and one very important thing: the perfect wedding photo. To get that quintessential picture to be just right, you need your whitest and brightest smile. But what if you don’t like your smile, don’t like the alignment of your teeth? It may seem like a stretch, but more and more patients are turning to adult orthodontics to help them get the best smile they can get, so we thought we should talk a little about this exciting topic.

Adult orthodontics

Many people are coming to the realization that braces aren’t just for kids anymore, and that what had been neglected or messed up in childhood can be fixed in adulthood. There are many discreet orthodontic solution available too, so that you don’t need to go about with train track braces on while waiting to get your teeth aligned. Many patients wonder if it is worth it at all, but our answer is that it is most definitely worth it, as adult orthodontics is not much more expensive and not much more time consuming either. While it is true that the best age to get orthodontic treatment is right after the second molars erupt, it is also true that you can get the treatment at any other time in life as well, like around the time you are planning on getting married.

How long will your ortodontic treatment take?

You should plan on starting your treatment roughly a year before your intended day of marriage. Orthodontic treatment usually takes between 6 and 9 months for aesthetic corrections, and can take up to 3 years if something more serious needs to be corrected. For that perfect wedding picture, we recommend talking to an orthodontist first, before you start planning your wedding, as they will be able to give you a fairly accurate guess as to how long you will need to undergo orthodontic treatment, but as a rule, expect something around a year.


Many children, especially girls, feel very conscious of their appearance, and this can start at a surprisingly early age. Teasing about appearance and wardrobe can start at the very beginning of elementary school, and a physical handicap, or some other kind of distinctive feature, like glasses, braces or a limp often brings attention to children, which can result in bullying or negative attention.

Teenagers and braces

Many people only realize that they may need braces when they are 14 or 15 years old after the second molars have erupted. This is a time when many people are quite hot-headed and are independent enough to say “no” to their parents, thus committing to perhaps one of the worst decisions of their lives.

Many times the bad decisions made then only start to become a real problem in the late 20s or early 30s. By this time the misalignment of teeth may have caused frequent tooth decay, halitosis, jaw pains, migraines, back pains, snaggleteeth, a lack of confidence or an increase in self-consciousness due to having an uneven smile, and this can cause problems in both the professional and the social sphere, holding the person back from reaching their true potential.

You don’t need to suffer

Does this sound like you, or anyone you know? We are here to tell you that you do not need to suffer because of the bad choices you made as a rebellious teen, and you do not need to just accept the fact that you will have bad teeth for the rest of your life.

Thanks to recent medical advances in the field of orthodontics, there are now solutions of many kinds available for adults who want to correct their teeth.

Getting adult orthodontics can help you eliminate these problems:

  • Problems of the bite like crossbite or overbite, which negatively affect your appearance
  • Dry mouth, snoring and other problems due to misaligned teeth
  • Back pains, migraines and headaches, as these are frequently caused by malocclusions of the teeth and jaws
  • Frequent tooth decay and halitosis

So many to choose from

There are many different options available for those interested in getting braces in their adult life. You can choose between transparent brackets made from plastic, tooth-coloured ceramics, or sapphire crystals. These do all of the things that regular fixed braces do, but are discreet and aesthetically pleasing, almost invisible.

You can also get aligners, which are none other than plastic tooth guards that mould your teeth. These can only be used to correct a very limited array of dental problems, but they can help those who only want to change the appearance of their teeth. These aligners are removable, comfortable, and are gaining popularity.

The third and costliest option is to get lingual braces which means on the side of your teeth that face your tongue, so they remain completely hidden. Find out more about braces here.

If you are preparing for your wedding, you are probably thinking about a myriad of things; the right dress, the right location, what to eat, what to drink, what kind of cake, should it be themed, who to invite, who not to invite, should we send invitations, what about the wedding pictures, and the list goes on and on. Little wonder that many people forget a very important part of it all: to have a beautiful, flashing white set of teeth for a beautiful, healthy smile.

Pre-wedding dental appointments

To insure that toothache and other dental problems do not ruin your special day, it is worth starting to go right now, and getting all important things (fillings, root canals, etc.) taken care of before your wedding day. Kate Middleton, for example, got a bit of orthodontry done before her wedding, to make sure her smile is evenly aligned, so as to give her best for that important wedding picture. She also got tooth whitening a few days before the wedding, to bring it to the whitest possible shade. Getting minor orthodontic treatment is a good idea if you still have the time, and your wedding isn’t for a year or so, as orthodontic treatment is rarely shorter than 6 months, and can be up to 3 years long.
But getting tooth whitening treatments before your wedding is absolutely routine these days. This is a one stop visit, and can be applied at home, too. You should time it to be a few days before your wedding, as you may experience tooth sensitivity a day or two after the treatment. A tooth whitening session will give your teeth a much lighter shade, and this will last for 3 or 4 months after the fact.

When to start

Whether you have years to think it through, or already have a set date looming ever nearer, the best time for getting a consultation session to see what can be done about your teeth is right now. Even if you do not start treatment immediately, you will have a treatment plan that will give you all the information of what needs to be done to your teeth and how much that will cost, so you can set a budget and a time frame to this endeavour. Taking care of this first will make sure you have the ease of mind and confidence to smile brightly for the camera on that important wedding picture that you will be looking at for years to come.

Our weeding special

Different people need different kinds of oral care in different periods of their life. Mothers are just the same; the demands of childbirth and of raising children and having a career take their toll on the body, and this shows up as damage on the teeth. Here in this article, we wish to talk a little about the unique challenges that mothers have to face, and what to look out for at different stages of life, to make sure that you are ready to face the challenges that motherhood might pose on your dentition.

Oral care during pregnancy and with a small baby

During pregnancy, your immune system and blood supply is extra heavily taxed, because the baby is using the mother’s immune system and blood to stay alive. This means that the body is less able to fight off infections, so bleeding, puffy and inflamed gums resulting from periodontitis are very common during this time of a woman’s life. The best way to help your teeth out is to have regular check-ups with your dentist during pregnancy, once every trimester, and to get a hygiene session and all dental work you may need done before you get pregnant.

Life with small children

Children grow up very fast. This means that you will be running after a toddler or small child in on time, and all of your time will revolve around trying to keep up with them. This can mean you will find less time to worry about your teeth and your oral health. The most important thing during this phase of life is to go to the dentist regularly for check-ups every six months, to prevent any major problems from forming. Having a health package in your purse, with a toothbrush and paste, is a great idea, as it gives you time to brush if you are on the go. Taking calcium and magnesium is also a good idea, as calcium replenishes the enamel of your teeth, and magnesium helps it to travel around the body.

Towards menopause

Once you reach the time around which you body is getting ready for menopause, the hormonal levels in your body change. These changes can make women more prone to osteoporosis, which can affect the health of gums, the stability of teeth and the jawbones. The stress and irregular sleep experienced during motherhood may have an effect on the bone material and the teeth as well. Eating calcium and magnesium is still very important, as are regular six month checkups. The most important thing in this time of life is to remain active and to eat healthy, as this will make sure that your teeth are good for as long as possible.

When you have to do something, and there is mounting social pressure for something mandatory, you may feel the need to neglect it, precisely because it must be done. Many times this feeling is far from defiance, but rather stress, and it paralyzes us.

A necessary evil?

I am sure you have heard these words often enough: “You HAVE TO brush your teeth morning and night!” When you are still a child and you have your parents whisking you away to the bathroom to brush, you may have felt that oral care is a tedious chore. Of course, now in adulthood, nothing is mandatory, and you have the right to bodily autonomy, and can do as you please with your mouth and teeth. But brushing your teeth twice a day is not a polite request; it is the only way to make sure your teeth last as long as you do, and did not become a norm out of dentists wanting to tell people what to do.
Time has proven to dentists and researchers that proper at home oral care can protect your teeth and prevent the overwhelming majority of oral problems from forming at all. Regular at home oral care can make sure that you don’t need to experience the pain and discomfort that comes with having dental problems. Knowing all of this, why wouldn’t you take care of your teeth? Telling people to brush their teeth is the same as telling people to drink more fluids during the summer, otherwise you will dehydrate, or to dress up during winter, so you don’t catch a cold.

Make it more interesting!

If you still don’t feel the need to brush intensify, and you don’t feel motivated to brush at all, here are a few tips to help make this chore a little bit more interesting.
Distract yourself
If you find brushing your teeth boring or uninteresting, put on a funny video, or your favourite song while you do it to distract yourself with something pleasant and interesting.

Brush while you shower

Sometimes you may feel too tired at night or in the morning, or may not have enough time to go and brush your teeth. But if you brush while you take a shower, you save time and energy, and can get two mandatory hygiene requirements done at the same time. If you have an electric toothbrush, check that it is entirely waterproof before getting in the shower.

Toothbrush to go

Keep a toothbrush with you wherever you go, because if you forget to brush, or just don’t feel like it, you may feel like it when social pressure is applied at your workplace or the gym, or wherever you go. Try to brush your teeth at a different time and in a different place then you usually do, perhaps this will make it more interesting.

Your friend, the electric toothbrush

People usually brush their teeth at night, when they are super tired, or in the morning, when they are still very sleepy, and may not feel like going over each and every tooth surface with careful, tiny circular motions, and this may lead to missing a session or two. Electric toothbrushes do the work for you, and they do a much better job than a tired human.

Don’t forget to brush your teeth!

Don’t forget to remind yourself why it is important to brush at least twice a day. You can find plenty of motivation and a lot of really scary images of what happens when you don’t brush, and these can really get you to go and spend those two minutes brushing your teeth. Just look at your favourite celebrity’s shining smile, or the results of bad oral hygiene, and think that just a few minutes a day can totally help you to avoid these situations, and the astronomical costs they can incur, and you will feel the motivation to brush your teeth.
Remember, brushing your teeth twice a day is one of the best investments you can make!

Although movies, advertisements and magazine ads are all full of blindingly white, flashing smiles, let’s not lose our grip on reality. Our teeth are light bone coloured naturally, and are not bleach white! What colour and quality of tooth material you have depended on many factors. Many traits are inherited, but that does not mean we can’t do more to preserve our teeth in their natural state.

What causes tooth discolourations?

Discolourations can be the result of lifestyle choices like smoking, plaque accumulation, and just plain old age as well, but the structure and the colouration of your tooth enamel are greatly affected by the kinds of food and drinks you consume. This is partially due to the colouring agents in the foods, and partially due to the different kinds of carbohydrates that are the enemies of our tooth enamel, as they are easily digested by bacteria to form acidic by products. These acids then corrode the tooth enamel, thus contributing to the discolouration of the tooth surfaces.

What food or drinks should we avoid?

Below is a list of which plaque and colourful foods and drinks to avoid.

1)     Wine

Red wine has many active chromogenic ingredients (agents that can produce discolourations), and tannins that are well-known plaque producers. White wine is usually much more acidic than red wine, so if you eat anything colourful after drinking white wine (for example, red fruits), than you risk colouring your weakened enamel.

3)      Coffee

Coffee is a well-known colouring agent and contributes greatly to the stains that you see on most peoples tooth enamel.

4)      Tea

Of all the teas available, black tea is the most likely to discolour your tooth enamel, because-just like wine- it is rich in tannins, which produce a ton of plaque. If you drink herbal tea or green or white tea, you will have a lot fewer stains to deal with.

5)      Cola

Both highly acidic, packed with sugar and rich in chromogenic agents, this drink is hazardous to your teeth.

6)      Orange juice

This drink is highly acidic and can be a source of discolourations if drunk in tandem with dark coloured drinks, for instance, coffee, with your breakfast. If you do not rinse your mouth out after drinking orange juice for hours, the acidic contents stay in the mouth and soften the tooth surfaces, making the teeth susceptible not only to discolouration but also to tooth decay as well. You can de-acidify your orange juice by diluting it with a bit of water, or by adding a sprinkle of sodium bicarbonate.

7)      Energy drinks

Acidic sports drinks and energy drinks can really do a number on your tooth enamel, preparing the way for colouring agents to stain your teeth.

8)      Berries and red fruits

Berries that have a strong colour, like cherries, currant, blueberries and the juices and pulp that is made from them can also contribute to the discolouration of your teeth.

9)      Sauces

Tomato sauce, curry, and other bright coloured sauces have a tendency to increase plaque production, thus contributing slightly to discolouration.

10)  Sweets

Eating hard candy, chewing gum, popsicles and other sweets on a regular basis is not recommended because they can contain many agents that stain the teeth.

Perhaps this list, with all of these foods and potential dangers to our teeth listed clearly seems a bit scary at first, especially if one or more of these foods is a regular staple of our diet. But do not be alarmed- the key to everything in moderation, and proper at home oral hygiene can do wonders, too!

Tooth decay is the most common chronic illness in the world. University of Southern California has been researching the topic heavily, and have come up with a new invention that is based on two recent findings in the world of oral medicine. This new invention is a miracle cure, which not only regenerates dead tissue, but also minimizes pain associated with tooth decay.

Regenerating tooth enamel

The topic of tooth enamel and its revitalization has been the resort of Professor Janet Moradian-Oldak for the past two decades. Unlike bone and numerous other hard tissues in the body, tooth enamel is incapable of regenerating itself, and cannot reproduce itself, making research into the matter very difficult.

Forget 007, here is MMP-20

On October 22nd, 2015, in the periodical Biomaterials, the professor and her colleagues published a study that seems to suggest that their research has finally given fruit. The researchers found that an enzyme called metalloproteinase-20 (or MMP-20 for short) is the one that chops up a protein called amelogenin, which is one of the main proteins responsible for maintaining the tooth enamel matrix, and has a very important role in crystallization of tooth enamel. This was the first time, by the way, that researchers were able to clearly define the function of an enzyme that is capable of stopping protein occlusion inside a crystalline structure.
The MMP-20 enzyme chops up proteins during crystallisation, and starts to be produced in massive quantities at the early stages of enamel production. Because MMP-20, together with other enzymes, is responsible for “taking out the trash”, the cells that are responsible for building up the hardest bio ceramic in the world- namely, human tooth enamel- can do their jobs, and produce the minerals necessary for healthy enamel growth.

Earlier studies

Earlier in the year, the Journal of Biomedical Engineering had released a study on this topic, and this study was the one that Professor Moradian-Oldak used as a comparison to her own research. This study, by Qichao Ruan and his team had proposed that the effects of tooth decay can be reversed with amelogenin chitosan in a hydrogel. The material makes artificial enamel that coats the area it is placed on, and can regenerate up to 70% of the affected tissue.
Qichao Ruan had this to say on the topic: “Is natural enamel generation possible? It is certain that this discovery, that is, the discovery of the bio mineralization properties of MMP-20 is a very important first step in answering this question. Not only does this enzyme help us understand the mechanics of tooth enamel generation, but can be the basis for developing new biomaterials, which may be able to help us regenerate dead teeth in the future.”

The product of the future

Mass producing a hydrogel has not been approved by the FDA yet, but the University of Southern California is already engaged in pre-clinical trials. According to professor Moradian-Oldak, patches and tooth guards with the miracle gel inside of them that can be worn at night are just around the corner, and that these devices could stop tooth sensitivity. But the gel also has applications in at home oral care, too, and applications for tooth replacement. The material has been tested in an environment that had similar biochemical properties to the human oral cavity, and it produced a very strong adhesion, indicating that it could stop secondary decay in the area where it is used. The gel would be a better solution that using crowns, because the adhesion is usually the first to go when using this kind of dental prosthesis, and the bacteria that get under the crown in this way are a frequent source of problems.

Aniko Michnyaova high-end fashion model has recently modelled an exclusive image photoshoot for Forest & Ray Dental Practice as the new face of the clinic.

Aniko is a regular happy patient of the clinic and she will carry on using us for all her dental requirements. She knows how important the perfect smile is, especially working in the fashion industry.

She has been modelling for more than 14 years and has previously been featured in covers and different editions of high-end fashion magazines such as Harper’s Bazaar, Zest and Zink magazine and has done commercials and campaigns for brands such as Nivea, Römerquelle, Triumph and John Lewis Lingerie.

Forest & Ray Dental Practice has acquired a rapidly growing prestigious clientele within the fashion and entertainment industry. The dental practice has also recently been featured in one of the international editions of Marie Claire and has sponsored events such as London Fashion Week.



Source: Next Model Management

You can find more information about Forest & Ray’s services and latest news on this website: (

Christmas markets are opening in the City Centers, Christmas lights illuminate the streets at night everywhere. We are preparing for the holidays at Forest&Ray Dental as well – these weeks are all about the presents, surprises and spending time with family.

On this occasion, we would like to present you our Advent Calendar,where you can find special offers and exclusive discounts everyday when visiting our website.

Do not give up if you could not find an offer suited for you today, we have new, exciting discounts everyday!

Good luck and have fun:
Team @ Forest & Ray Dental

If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us!

Aniko Michnyaova fashion model has previously been featured in covers and different editions of high-end fashion magazines such as Harper’s Bazaar, Zest and Zink magazine and has done commercials and campaigns for brands such as Nivea, Römerquelle, Triumph and John Lewis Lingerie.

Aniko has recently modelled for Forest & Ray Dental Practice and also chose the clinic for her dental treatment.

Images coming soon!

Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetics dentistry treatments worldwide. It is chosen by many celebrities to make those pearly whites even brighter!

During the treatment whitening gel is put on the teeth, and the gel is activated and intensified by an LED light, which makes the teeth look up to 8-10 tones brighter than before. The result of the treatment can be seen right after it is finished.

patient and dentists patient and TCO

Steven Doan is a London based creative director and celebrity fashion stylist who has recently chose to make his smile more perfect at Forest & Ray Dental Practice.

He chose the practice as it is conveniently located in central London and it is open till late, 7 days a week, which makes it the perfect dental clinic for celebrities working and living in Central London.

Steven has already been recognised by his unique fashion sense in magazines like Vogue UK, Elle UK, Esquire UK, GQ Australia, Harper’s Bazaar Vietnam and Marie Claire Hungary. Steven works with the most prestigious clients in fashion, runway, beauty and red-carpet. He has also worked with international supermodels such as Poppy Delevigne and Calvin Klein supermodel Oliver Chesire.


Steven was very pleased with the results of the procedure executed by Dr. Zimandi and his team at Forest & Ray.

‘I am really happy with the results of the teeth whitening process, the whole team was very helpful, they knew what they were doing and I strongly recommend Forest & Ray Dental Practice to everyone.’ said Steven.

Two lions and a lioness have moved in to a Dental Practice in Bloomsbury – but neither the lions nor the general public have anything to fear.

The lions are cuddly toys that have been sent to the Forest and Ray dental practice in Gilbert Place by international wildlife charity the Born Free Foundation in return for the practice adopting three of their rescued African lions.

Dentists at the practice decided on the adoptions as a counter to American dentist and big game hunter Walter Palmer, who caused a world-wide backlash when he unlawfully killed a prized and protected lion called Cecil.

The Born Free connection all came about after Customer Care Manager Christopher Hall spotted an online photograph of an advertising sign for the ‘Hagerty Family Dental‘ surgery in Arkansas, USA.

“I’d been following the story of Cecil the lion and Walter Palmer, and the public’s reaction to it as well. I discovered that another American dentist had added a tongue-in-cheek addition to the sign outside his practice – he had put underneath ‘By the way, I don’t hunt lions’, and this went viral.”

Then a past patient got in touch with Chris via Facebook asking whether all dentists were like Walter Palmer: “And I said ‘No they’re not! Most dentists are caring people!’ So I talked to our dentists and they were quite shocked that people might think that. They all said lions are very beautiful animals and there aren’t many of them left. It would be a terrible shame to kill such an exotic animal.

“I started thinking about what we could do to show that we care about wildlife, so we contacted the Born Free Foundation. They were really happy to hear from us, and we decided to take out adoptions for three of their rescued lions – or rather two lions and a lioness, named Dolo, Sinbad and Shada.”

Resident dentist at the practice Dr Nick Kasiteridis takes up the story: “They’ve sent us two cuddly lions and a lioness to represent our adoptees, all of which are safely looked after at the Born Free Foundation’s rescue centres in Ethiopia and South Africa. We have adoption certificates and some rather magnificent photos of the lions and an adoption pack, and we will be getting periodic updates on how they are getting on.”

“Adopting three lions does not represent a massive donation but we are discussing fund-raising for the Foundation on a regular basis, anything from just having a collecting tin at our surgery to holding fund-raising days and events. It’s early days yet but younger patients in particular love the cuddly lions, and we are happy for them to take photographs of themselves posing with them in return for a small donation.

“We are also looking to Born Free for advice on fund-raising ideas and are keen to get dentists in other parts of the UK and indeed around the world joining in to support the Foundation in their work, helping to protect lions and wildlife.”

“If the idea takes off, we will at least know that Cecil did not die in vain, and in raising funds for Born Free, dentists and their clients can ensure that something positive comes out of this. It could be that more lions and their habitats could be saved as a result, and it could also go some way towards demonstrating that not all dentists are heartless trophy hunters.

“Instead of being ashamed of what Walter Palmer’s exploits did to the reputation of the profession, we can be proud that a pride of lions has moved in to a dental surgery in Camden…

Our clients will also be able to follow progress reports on our lions that we will be receiving from Born Free by visiting the news section on our website.” (

(Contact to Born Free Foundation: )

What you do to your teeth is about as important as what you don’t do to them. To keep them white, you must avoid all staining materials. Most of those come from foods that we unwittingly eat everyday and don’t even think about. What goes into your mouth definitely has an effect on the appearance and function of your teeth, even if you have an otherwise rigorous at home oral healthcare routine. Here are 7 foods that you should avoid in order to maintain whiter teeth.


Coffee stains the teeth. This is a sad fact that we all must deal with. Just brushing will not get rid of the stains as the materials that stain actually adhere to the teeth. Tea also has tannins that stain your teeth a dark reddish, brownish colour. Try to limit your intake of these beverages.


The absolute worst thing for your teeth, mouth and health in general is smoking cigarettes. These will dry out your mouth and lead to staining from tar and nicotine, and the benzyls in cigarette smoke will also attack your gums and soft tissues.


Chocolate is not only bad for your teeth because it contains high levels of sugar which create an aggressive oral fauna that attacks teeth and gums and destroys them, but also because chocolate stains teeth. This is awful news, but cheer up! The amount of staining can be limited by rinsing thoroughly after eating chocolate.

Red berries

Any food basically that is red or a berry can stain your teeth, so raspberries, strawberries and cherries all have some natural dye in them. If you have ever gotten some on a white shirt, it will not be too hard to imagine how that happens. Blueberries also cause the same staining.


All sodas are bad for your teeth because of the high sugar and carbolic acid content (the bubbles in your soda). These waste your enamel away, leaving the nasty cementum visible and darkening the shade of your teeth. Cola is particularly bad because it is dark coloured, and is coloured by burnt caramel, and thus sticks to teeth and discolours them.


Red wine will stain your teeth reddish, purplish. Although red wine is good for other parts of the body, it is no friend of dentition.


Complex carbohydrates are the bread and butter of the bacterial world. They live off of it, it makes them breed like crazy, and gives them plenty enough energy to wreck your teeth. Starchy foods should be avoided, as your enamel will melt off from the resulting bacterial onslaught. If you do eat starch, rinse afterwards. The most important thing, however, is to go and see a dentist every six months for a deep cleaning and a chance to remove stains and other offending food remains. This will keep your teeth healthy and good looking.

The National Smile Month campaign is the UK’s longest running and most established oral health campaign. The campaign encourages schools, places of employment, and especially dental and health professionals to join in and educate, motivate and communicate with patients and with the general populace in an orchestrated effort to improve the quality of smiles in the UK.

The importance of a healthy smile

Aside from giving you confidence and a boost in your day to day activities, a healthy smile will make you more attractive which will cause society to look at you with different eyes, and to provide you with better opportunities. But aside from purely aesthetic benefits, there are numerous positive health effects to having a beautiful smile, as it implies straighter and whiter teeth. Having an nice smile means:

  • Social benefits
  • A great career and relationship booster
  • A neat and straight row of teeth is better for chewing and digesting food
  • Speech impediments can be cleared up
  • May have positive effects on the shape of your face

If you do not look after your teeth, you may find that the effects are more serious than just a toothache. People with bad teeth are more likely to be victims of systemic diseases, fatigue, but more severe problems like dementia, strokes, heart attacks, complications during pregnancy, blood pressure problems and male sexual health issues can also result from a lack of oral hygiene.
The consequences of these over a long period of time, can lead to unnecessary, invasive and expensive dental treatments. There are direct oral health problems that can arise such as gum disease and tooth decay while the repercussions of poor oral health go further than our mouth. Following basic rules and adopting a sensible daily routine should be high on all our agendas. By using National Smile Month as an opportunity to prioritise our oral health, we will soon see what a remarkably positive difference it makes to many aspects of our lives.

What you can do for your smile:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day, once in the morning and before you go to bed. Make sure you use dental floss and a fluoridated toothpaste
  • Try to limit sugary foods and especially drinks, as soda pop is the most common source of refined sugars in our diet
  • Make sure you visit your dentist regularly

Our offers

To do our part for National Smile Month, we are offering a special package for patients who choose us during this special time period between May18th and June 18th.Our National Smile Month Package includes 50% off on:

  • X-rays
  • Dental hygiene treatments
  • Oral cancer screenings
  • Free toothbrush for each participant

This weekend our dentistry had a stall at the Anti Ageing Show in London, which was a great experience for us, and hopefully for our patients as well. The show was visited by approximately 10000 people during the two days, all of them wishing to look and feel healthy, happy and youthful both inside and outside.

There was no shortage of options for those who wished to beautify and rejuvenate; besides numerous beauty clinics, hairdressers, skin care product houses, our company, Forest & Ray represented professional cosmetic and restorative dentistry, because, as we all know, beauty starts with a healthy smile. Our goal was to offer treatments that will guarantee our patients a beautiful, healthy smile again, regardless of their age.

We offered a free consultation for everyone at the Show, and our friendly, experienced dentist, Dr Laszlo Kolozsvary was visited by almost 80 people during the 2 days of the event. They were all invited to a free consultation to our clinic and they were given useful advice on the dental treatments they need to make their smiles look beautiful and healthy again.

It was truly an honour to see the smiling faces of our patients, knowing they are in the best of hands and there is nothing that could not be solved when it comes to having a youthful smile. We hope we will meet you all at the Anti Ageing Show 2016 next year!

A Great smile puts you on the track to a better love life, while having straight teeth is one great way to ensure your teeth will be kept in good working condition late into life!

Latest figures (from show that first impressions are the most important. According to this study people with straight teeth are perceived more likely to be happy, successful and worthy of a second-date. We also know how much it matters to have a healthy, beautiful smile on your first date. Smiling will make you look confident and attractive, not to mention that there is no better way to show your partner you enjoy their company than with a bright smile!

Findings back up the negative judgments about people with crooked teeth, two in five people would not go on a second date with someone who has crooked teeth. “Whether we like it or not, we are often judged by our appearance,” said Dr. Michelle Callahan, renowned TV host, relationship expert, coach, and developmental psychologist. “The results of this Smile Survey prove what I’ve always believed, which is the importance of an attractive, healthy smile, whether you’re socializing and networking face-to-face or virtually. Your smile has more of an effect on what others perceive about you than you think.”

Your confidence. Your outlook. Your life. Achieving the smile you always dreamed of doesn’t have to be a big deal. In fact, it barely has to impact your day-to-day life at all.

A beautiful, healthy smile can go a long way, and Forest and Ray Dental is here to ensure it lasts a lifetime. It is important to us that all of our patients feel completely confident, and can show their beautiful smiles, and there is no dental problem that we can’t find a solution to! Our mission is to keep your smile healthy and beautiful, so we pay extra attention to our patient’s special needs.

What can we do if our natural tooth colour is greyer, yellowish, or is just darker than desired? We have some good news for you: we can offer several solutions to solve your problem. We can make a beautiful set of veneers tailored to your teeth, just as many stars in Hollywood do. If you are looking for a gentler, more cost effective approach, then let’s take a look at what professional teeth whitening or dental hygiene options we have to offer.

Whether you are in your teenage years or are an adult, there is no such thing as too late! We will surely find the best, most aesthetic type of braces for you that fits all your needs and preferences. Do not believe the hype that your smile cannot be beautiful during the straightening treatment! We do all types of orthodontic braces, for all ages and problems, including see through and tooth coloured ceramic braces, lingual braces, clear aligners, headgears, self-ligating braces, and we also do repairs of existing orthodontic systems as well.

If you are missing one or more teeth, dental implants will allow you to smile, speak and eat with confidence. Replacing your missing teeth is also important for your general health and will help protect your other teeth from future problems. There are many sorts of implants available, but the variety that’s best for you depends on a number of factors such as your dental condition, how much you wish to spend and your aesthetic preference. Forest & Ray’s skilled dentists can always help you choose the one which is best for your circumstances.

So why not ask your Free consultation to find out which option of treatment is best for you. Make it easier to find love this spring!

Are you afraid of having your tooth replaced? Are you still hesitating about whether to have an implant placed or not? You should know that tooth replacement has many more advantages than just an aesthetic outward appearance; with replacing your missing tooth in time you can avoid more serious dental problems!

If you break or lose a tooth, you are likely to wish to have it replaced for aesthetic and practical reasons, this is why people started to develop methods for tooth replacement. Having a broken or missing tooth does not look nice, and it may also cause problems when you are eating. But did you know that not having your tooth replaced in time can lead to much more inconvenient experiences than these?

“Having a missing tooth for a longer time is very likely to lead the teeth next to it starting to ‘move’, for they are not stopped by anything. Of course, this means your smile will not look as beautiful as it did before, but unfortunately, this is not the only problem the ‘moving’ teeth can cause. It is obvious that the tooth you have broken or lost cannot function anymore, but having the teeth next to it moved or deformed can lead to further and more serious functional problems and sometimes even to inevitable, long orthodontic treatments.” –  explains Dr Poncz, professional and experienced implantologist of Forest & Ray. 

Being well-informed and conscious about tooth replacement can save you a lot of time, money and inconvenience. The first and most important thing is that you should know how important it is to avoid further problems, and that you are not afraid of tooth replacement. It is crucial that you know exactly what will happen to you and your teeth during the treatment, so that you can confidently decide that it is worth it!

The most popular form of tooth replacement are dental implants. A dental implant is a small screw inserted into the jawbone. Generally the screws are made of titanium, a neutral type of metal accepted by the human body, which is used in a wide range of surgical procedures. The dental implant is fixed into the mandible and with time, the jawbone integrates with the surface of the implant. This process is called osseointegration. The dental implant will be firmly anchored by this natural bone growth.

There are many sorts of implants available, but the variety that’s best for you depends on a number of factors such as your dental condition, how much you wish to spend and your aesthetic preference. Forest & Ray’s skilled dentists can always help you choose the one which is best for your circumstances.

There can be discomfort, as with any invasive surgery. To eliminate discomfort, anaesthetic and, if appropriate, sedation of patients is used. Our doctors can prescribe pain killing medication to ease any discomfort that may occur during the recovery period. You can also be assured that we will do our best to stay in contact with you after the surgery, for this is the best way to be sure that you remain comfortable and informed during your entire treatment.

Think about the future of your teeth and book a consultation today to have your missing teeth replaced and avoid further problems in order to always be able to smile!

Read more about Forest & Ray dental implants here:

Book your consultation today

We thank you all for playing with us this winter and we hope you all had fun answering our questions. Unfortunately we can`t give a gift to all of you but we would like to congratulate all our winners!!!

Consultation + Whitening kit + hygiene session

Week 1: Andrea Lakner

Week 2: Giulia Cinquegrani

Week 3: Monika Kowalska

Week 4: Dominic Launder

Oral-B Electric Toothbrush

Dave Glover

Keep your smile as bright as you want!

Book your whitening appointment today! At Forest & Ray Dental Practice we provide you a free consultation and polanight home whitening kit for only 150 GBP. Polanight is the leading dentist brand for professional teeth whitening. A bright smile is in your hands now-go for it!

While dental floss may be a handy way to remove plaque from between teeth, don’t forget to pack some on your next outward bound journey – not only can you use floss to tie a dislodged or knocked out tooth temporarily into place, but in a pinch you can use it to snare a rabbit, catch a fish, or secure branches for your shelter. Paragliders purportedly carry this lightweight dynamo just in case they get stuck up a tree – no, you can’t use it to repel, but you can toss it quite a ways down to pull up a proper rope.

Prevention is of course the best medicine before wandering into the woods, but when you know you’ll be miles from the nearest dentist don’t forget your dental care gear, like dental wax or cavit to temporarily deal with unexpected cracks. And some clove oil, a trite but true oral pain reliever that won’t dull your other senses. And, of course, your dental floss.

Over in Groningen, Professors Bauke Dijkstra and Lubbert Dijkhuizen have unraveled the complex relationship between bacteria and sugars in our mouths in an effort to get to the root of tooth decay. Figuring out why and how plaque sticks to teeth is a huge leap forward in finding a way to combat the problem. The tricky part will be how to block the bacterium streptococcus mutans (responsible for tooth decay) without also blocking the very similarly structured amylase enzymes that we need to break down starch.

Perhaps they should get in touch with Dr Damien Brady of the Athlone Institute of Technology in Ireland, who recently discovered that, when treated with digestive enzymes, the humble coconut oil proves a deadly killer of s. mutans.

In exchange, perhaps Professor Dijkhuizen could share his revolutionary new delivery system. He suggests that, as with fluoride, glucansucrase inhibitors could of course be added to toothpaste or mouthwash, “But it may even be possible to add them to sweets.”

A recent study in Kyoto, Japan, has suggested that there is a strong correlation between taking bisphosphonate drugs and the appearance of Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), or necrosis of the jaw. Ironically, biphosphonates are usually prescribed to treat bone diseases such as osteoporosis, and is a common cancer treatment drug, meant to combat the effects of chemotherapy. Why a drug meant to cure bone disease can cause bone disease remains a mystery, but this study takes us one step closer to understanding. A sample of 3216 patients were surveyed who had osteoporosis or some form of cancer that affects the bones. All of the patients had a recent tooth extraction. The patients who were taking biphosphonates were 5 times as likely to develop ONJ than those taking some other forms of medication. Female patients over 65 who were given biphosphonates intravenously were the most likely to develop the disease, and the possible correlation with inflamed periodontal tissue is also discussed.

A complimentary fact sheet about ONJ outlines possible risks in great detail, along with early symptoms, to increase the chance of nipping this disease in the bud. If your doctor recommends the use of biphosphonates, it’s suggested to immediately bo an appointment to see your dentist, and go back frequently for check ups to catch any developments early. It’s highly suggested to schedule any known oral surgeries before any use of biphosphonates begins. The fact sheet also brings to attention the need to check dentures more frequently, as they can rub and irritate the gingiva as well. If a denture wearer does develop ONJ, than this rubbing can accelerate the problem.

Until a cure is found, education and prevention are the best medicines!

Don’t be surprised if your local dentist soon pops up the sign ‘Crowns while you wait’. The dental industry has hopped onto the 3d bandwagon, cascading waves of new advances in materials and possibilities into the dental marketplace.

CAD/CAM rendering is already a staple of bespoke dentistry, but a host of new printing materials have broadened the range of possibilities. 3D Systems has just released the PearlStone, providing a new option for fabrication similar to dental stone (dental plaster). Industry leader Objet is in on the action as well, promoting the printing of molds, working models, and mouthguards.

But industry leader Sirona looks to bag first prize with crowns or bridges made quite literallywhile you wait. With the comparatively low package price of $100,000 for both scanner and printer, the market could soon see an increase in truly affordable dental solutions.

Don’t fret for your favorite fabricator just yet. Current scanners can’t penetrate the gum line, making the process only relevant for visibly damaged areas. And even with printers able to handle microscopic detail, it still takes a fine human hand to replicate the random variations of a natural tooth.

Thought by many to be a rumor too gross and weird to be true, sialoliths – stones that form in your salivary ducts (I guess that makes them spit stones?) – are quite real indeed, and happen more frequently than you would imagine. They are up on Wikipedia, so they must be real, right?

These curious stones, or sialoliths as they are called, usually occur in the submandibular salivary ducts, which produce nearly two thirds of the saliva in humans, and this gland is also home to the largest saliva producing duct in our species, the Wharton’s duct. These little stones can block this duct, which is a nasty experience altogether. This causes dryness of the mouth and of the mucus membrane, and the duct will get infected, which translates into swelling of the face and sometimes tongue, and a milky white, foul tasting discharge coming from the duct directly into the mouth. Yuck.

Sialoliths, once they occur, must be removed with a relatively routine surgery. If the sialolith is not removed for a long enough time, the gland can get so infected that it has to be removed altogether, which is also the case if the gland repeatedly causes stones to appear, which will necessarily cause complications throughout the rest of the patient’s life. Indeed, the endocrine system is a harsh mistress.

These stones can be as small as a grain of sand to around the size of a larger bean.

Thankfully, the little buggers can be spotted on an x-ray, or, at least 80% of the time they can be, so they can usually be removed before the oozy discharge parts comes into play. If the stone is spotted, it does not always end in oral surgery. If the stone is still small, a special massage can cause the salivary gland to actually expel the stone on its own, stretching to the right size from the massage. Patients are usually told to eat acidic or vinegary foods, especially citrus foods, since those are good for you, taste great, and create an increase in salivation, which just may break the stone up. Otherwise, the duct needs to be surgically enlarged, and the stone pushed out by the body through the larger opening. It may also be the case that the stone is too large for that, in which case a small incision is made near the gland, and the stone is removed forcibly through that opening. Only in extreme situations is the gland removed.

The funny thing is, no one seems to know what causes these stones to appear. They are made up of the same substance as kidney stones (hydroxylapatite), which is basically a deposit of calculus, calcium and phosphorus. So we know what its made of, how it reacts, what it does and how to remove it, but we have not the faintest idea how it gets to be concentrated and why, and especially why in the Wharton’s duct. Therefore prevention is all but impossible and it’s down to the luck of the draw.




When the time comes for that first childhood trade, consider asking the tooth fairy to bank baby teeth with Store-a-Tooth. Bit past your baby teeth days? Never fear, dental stem cells may also be present in wisdom teeth.

Dental stem cells can already be used to regrow jaw bones and treat periodontal disease. Scientists are currently researching potential stem cell therapies for stroke, heart attack, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s, and spinal cord injury. But the most promising research nowsuggests that dental stem cells can produce insulin, a major step forward in finding a cure for type 1 diabetes.

To aid the race to a cure, Store-a-Tooth will be donating a portion of its proceeds towards dental stem cell diabetes research until June 2013.

Heart disease and risk of stroke have long been noted as a possible side effect of not maintaining good oral health. It is on the list of possible side effects for most gum diseases and tooth problems, and there are numerous studies exploring the correlation between the two. It has been a quite well established “fact” in medical science. Up until now.

A committee appointed by the American Heart Association has convened and read over 500 articles and journal entries by medical professionals about the topic, and have concluded that there is no positive correlation between gum disease, poor oral health, and heart disease, particularly stroke. This article details their findings.  

In essence, researchers decided that while bacteria can enter the bloodstream via the mouth, and oral surgery, as with any surgery, can indeed tax the heart, many of the studies reviewed made no allowance for more obvious risk factors such as smoking, age, or other major illnesses such as diabetes. Ie if a smoker has both heart and gum disease, and we know smoking can cause both heart and gum disease, it’s equally likely that both are caused by the smoking. Since gum and heart diseases share many common risk factors, there is simply too little information to claim a direct correlation between the two diseases alone.

The beauty of science lies in its ability to overwrite previously held beliefs as new evidence comes to light. This is why science talks mostly of hypotheses, and needs a lot of time to verify the hypotheses in order to elevate them into the realm of likely facts. Medical science is no exception. Indeed, as medical science relies heavily on case studies, where an otherwise clean slate is simply impossible, it is even more frequently the case that previously held theories or treatments become obsolete as we find out more and more about this fantastically complex organism, the human body.

Bruxism is defined as a parafunctional activity related to grinding of teeth, usually coupled with clenching of the jaw. This is a condition often considered problematic but not serious, on the same level as eating sugary foods. Unfortunately, this is a misconception.

Aside from enamel becoming worn down and thinned, harmful enough in and of itself, grinding your teeth and constantly clenching your jaw can damage the joint in your jaw, eventually leading to TMJ syndrome (acute or chronic pain in the temporomandibular joint). If the enamel in your tooth is worn down then the dentine and eventually the pulp of your tooth may be exposed, which can result in root canals, necrotic pulpitis, or necrosis of the tooth pulp. If you have crowns, their life expectancy can be cut by more than half due to tooth grinding, and crowns may damage living teeth more than other living teeth can. This condition can also lead to recessed gums and tooth loss, head and neck pains, as well as severe jaw pain. You can also suffer inner ear damage, or develop tinnitus. If severe enough, this ailment can cause eating disorders and loss of appetite, as it may become painful to eat and speak.

So, a little worse than sugar. But don’t start grinding your teeth over it. The good news is bruxism is not a reflex, it’s a habit. And habits can be changed.

If you realize you’re grinding your teeth or clenching your jaw, stop and relax your jaw. Pay attention for a while, stopping the motion the moment it starts, try to train yourself out of the habit. If sheer force of willpower alone isn’t enough, there are night guards available from many websites. There is even an organization devoted entirely to bruxism and helping you get rid of it!

People coping with stress or who have been exposed to stressful situations may develop this problem; bruxism can occur in conjunction with sleep disorders as well. The best way to stop this type of manifestation is to cure the underlying problem.

 National Smile Month (19 May – 19 June) is officially underway! Organised by the British Dental Health Foundation, we at Forest and Ray Dental Practice back this annual campaign to improve oral health with full force.

To support the campaign, we will be educating as many people as possible about how important good oral health is through the campaign’s three key messages:

1. Brush your teeth for two minutes twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste

2. Cut down how often you have sugary foods and drinks

3. Visit the dentist regularly, as often as they recommend.

Despite vast improvements in the UK’s oral health landscape over the last 40 years, there is still room for improvement. National Smile Month aims to educate people about the need for good oral health. A number of life-threatening diseases have been linked to poor oral health in the last 24 months, and Forest and Ray Dental Practice will be raising awareness of these possible links and urging good oral hygiene practice during the campaign and beyond.

Chief Executive of the British Dental Health Foundation, Dr Nigel Carter OBE said: “I’m delighted that Forest and Ray Ltd has joined the thousands of organizations in engaging with National Smile Month. It is a great reflection of local community spirit and an excellent way to promote good oral health.”

We are participating by disseminating promotional materials in our clinic in our waiting room, so that the most amounts of patients can be made aware of the goals of the initiative.

Furthermore we offer free consultation* and ‘National Smile Month’ frisbees for those new patients who visit our clinic

Forest & Ray Dental Clinic – “A place to go to put a smile back on your face” – Daily Mirror

For more information please visit

*Consultation fee is 37 GBP. In case of treatment it will be deducted from the total price

Offer is valid while supplies last

A study (ITT A 2ES LINIK VAN!!!) from 2010 has released some very interesting information. A group of scientists has started to map the genome of the bacteria that reside within the human body, specifically for each individual biome. The human mouth is one of the most active and interesting of these biomes, host to tons of bacteria. The initial research was done to see how bacteria become immune to viral attacks, and what mechanisms and in what phases of their evolution they become immune.

Using this research as a backbone, a very interesting study was done specifically for the human mouth and its biomes, trying to decipher to what extent exactly does genetics predetermine the oral condition of a patient. The study looked at twins, identical and paternal as well, and analyzed their oral conditions, mapping the genomes of the bacteria living in their mouths. The study found that significant changes occurred in twins not living near each other anymore, while those still living in the same environment had basically identical bacteria to their twins, as well as to others they are not genetically related to who shared their environment.

This is a very interesting claim indeed. This means that although the inherited genetic material is of course important, the most important deciding factor to our oral health is what sort of environment we live in, what sort of bacteria we come into contact with and what sort of foods we eat.

This means that all of the patients complaining about receiving bad teeth from their parents can no longer point the finger. Even inherently bad teeth can be maintained and cared for properly, and they will last longer and cause less problems, than, say, someone who has great strong teeth but does not brush them. This just proves what dentists have said all along, that despite the best treatment and (apparently) the best genetics, you will experience dental issues if you are negligent in your daily oral hygiene.

It is all the rage nowadays to have toothpaste that practically does the scrubbing for you. Just like with bath products, the idea is that by putting small particles in the cream the scrubbing effect is intensified, thus removing things you want to scrub off with a vengeance. However if it is too abrasive you may also end up scrubbing away some of your tooth enamel, something you definitely want to keep. Bigger, better, crazier might work for cars or adventure sports, but it may not always be a good idea in dental care.  

Forest & Ray is happy that the upgrade of our Bloomsbury dental practice is finished. After one and a half weeks of long working days and many weeks of preparation our refurbished premises which have served thousands of patients in the past seven years got a fresh look and even better layout. Because all of this would not have been possible without our patients we start an early bird special offer series for the first hundred patients who book an appointment out dental practice.

Below you can find 3 different offers each tailored for different patients. You can find yourself something if you need a dental implant, would like to fix your front teeth or if you just would like to get to know our dental practice during a consultation with one of our dentists.


Free consultation + £100 off any treatment

In case you will book one of the early bird 100 special offers you can book a free consultation and £100 off if you have a treatment plan above £750.

 Fine print:

  •  new patients only
  • freen consultation includes half price x-ray pack for £20
  • available for patients who receive a treatment plan above £750
  • £100 discount will be deducted from the last payment in case treatment plan involves multiple appointments
  • booking via phone or e-mail requires via or call 020 3199 0172
  • cancelations policy and general terms & conditions apply (read here)


 dental implant early bird offer

First dental implant for £1100

Come in for a free dental implant consultation where you will meet one of our implant dentists (view team here) and get a full examination with a panoramic x-ray. After your dental status has been properly charted you will discuss your options and possibilities for dental implants and crowns to replace your missing teeth. Based on your desires and the professional opinion of the dentist you will get an exact treatment plan and quotation in which your first dental implant will be discounted to £1100.

Fine print


  • available for new patients only
  • not to be combined with other special offers
  • only one discounted implant per patient
  • prior phone or e-mail booking required
  • offer does not contain bone grafting or replacement 
  • offer does not contain special surgical extractions
  • offer does not contain metal free crown solutions
  • general cancelation policy and terms & conditions apply (read here)


dental crown early bird offer

Book now and receive £20 off dental crowns

If you have missing teeth but you can’t afford dental implants or if you would like to improve the looks of your front teeth, your best option is dental crowns. Book an appointment with our cosmetic dentists (view team here) and get a free consultation and treatment plan containing an exact quotation for the treatment you need. If you are between the first 100 patients who book an appointment into our newly renovated dental practice you will get a discount of £20 per crown.

Fine print:

  • not available to patients who have received a treatment plan after the first of January 2014
  • not to be combined with other special offers
  • prior phone or e-mail booking required
  • offer does not contain metal free crown solutions
  • general cancelation policy and terms & conditions apply (read here)



Spring is a time for rejuvenation, not just for the natural world, but for our bodies as well. It’s time to throw the winter coats back into the closet, get some new clothes, go on a diet, and go into the great outdoors! We can only recommend this wonderful spring rebirth, and we have been getting in on it too. But before we tell you about the reincarnation of our dental clinic, and the major face lifts it has gotten, let’s talk about getting our body to be reborn inside and out.

A few ideas we can recommend:

1. Detoxification

Drink plenty of fluids, stop smoking and ingesting sugars and unhealthy food. Go on a detox regiment, preferably a liquid one, and get rid of all of the bad things that you have amassed in your body during the cold season. By getting rid of the toxins you have in your body, you open the way for a physical sort of rebirth, and help your body to cleanse itself and give itself new life.

2. Exercise

Muscles and tendons may have become flabby and rusty form not being used. After all, who wants to go out for a run in the freezing cold? The winter is also a time when you naturally gain a few pounds, and most of it will be fat for insulation. Kick off the results of your winter excess, and energize your body; remember, the body burns calories when it is put into calorie burning mode, and this can be achieved by just 15-20 minutes of exercise a day.

3. Healthy eating

You are what you eat, and if you want to change, and burst out of your winter cocoon, you will have to change what you eat as well. Exercise and sunlight also burn calories and transfer all sorts of minerals and elements into other minerals and other elements, and you will need to eat food with lots of vitamins and minerals as well as protein. Many plants have just started to flower and grow, and fresh shoots delicious salads and many sources of protein, not just meat are all available to help you get fueled for that big breakthrough.

4. Healthy teeth

Aside from being good for our confidence and self-respect, it is well known that there is a correlation between poor oral hygiene and other diseases, including quite severe ones. Unsatisfactory oral hygiene- especially on the molars and between teeth – creates plaque, which is a hardened biofilm, essentially bacterial sediment. This plaque is what causes tooth decay, gum infections (gingivitis), and in more severe cases, periodontitis as well. Plaque that gets in the blood stream is responsible for arteriosclerosis, which is the most important contributing factor to heart attacks and strokes.

5. Unburden yourself!

Just as nature lightens itself during this time, so should you; get rid of all the burdens that you carry around with you that you don’t really need. Some of these are physical. Sell or throw out or better yet, give to charity your unwanted clothes and items you don’t really use anymore. Cancel unwanted prescriptions, and get out of unnecessary or abusive relationships. By getting rid of everything that is no longer useful, you create space to be able to embrace that which is new and which can help you rejuvenate.

The apple test is well known as an indicator of the strength of one’s teeth and gums, but it seems that it may also be indicative of a patient’s mental health as well.

A new study from Sweden published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society links cognitive function with the ability to chew. The study compared 557 people over the age of 77, and found that patients who could still chew retained better mental capacity, while those who could not were at higher risk for cognitive impairments. Interestingly enough, the chewing motion could be done with natural or artificial teeth, this does not seem to matter.

One possible reason behind the correlation is that the motion of chewing stimulates blood circulation to the brain. Yet another reason to keep those chompers healthy.

A recent survey of complaints made by patients to the DDU (Dental Defence Union, the leading legal body of dentists law advocacy) suggests that most of the complaints made were the results of misunderstandings, or could have been easily resolved the moment the issue arose, through good communication skills. The top reasons for dissatisfaction were:

– Not being fully consulted regarding treatments

– Patients did not understand the information given, and when mentioning this, they got ignored

– Most of the problems were about routine dentistry, such as fillings or root canals, with crowns, bridges and dentures (prostheses) being another point of concern

It seems that the quality or quantity of dental care did not weaken or diminish, but rather has stayed relatively the same. This rise in complaints can be attributed to patients expectations changing, wanting and demanding better care. With private health care being, after all, a service industry, patients will have the same requirements and expectations as with any other service they bought and payed for. And that may very well include a service with a smile. The problem, however, is that although the same thing is expected as of any service industry, dental professionals may be reluctant to serve in the same way that a clerk or a bartender might; understandable, not only because of the high level of qualification and prestige involved with being a dentist, but because what they do may be explainable on wikipedia but reading an article certainly doesn’t make a layman an expert. Doctors go to school for years so that they know the inner workings of certain parts or aspects of the human body. Chances are they understand what is happening in times of illness better than someone who is not a trained medical professional. This entails that the customer will not always be right, and thus the issues raised in this otherwise very intelligent article should be taken with a grain of salt. Bad communication can be a real deal breaker for patients, but doctors simply are not paid for their communication skills. The article also mentions not using technical jargon, but how do you accurately assess a situation and describe it, without describing it?

All in all I still would agree with the main premise of the article, which is that dentists need to communicate with patients more, and they need to do it better as well.

Inuit dental care has been a subject of some interest for a while. It seems that the Inuit do not brush their teeth at all, and oral hygiene is delegated to a handful of water used to rinse after meals. Yet it is a known fact that the Inuit simply do not suffer from tooth decay. The question that many anthropologists have asked themselves is why.

The obvious first place to lo is at the diet the Inuit live on. There are no processed foods or refined sugars in the Arctic, nor are there supermarket products sprayed with ascorbic and citric acids for storage. The indigenous people of the Arctic live on moss and berries and seafoods mostly, occasionally eating animal fats. These foods are much less likely to corrode teeth, and will not harm tooth enamel either. So it may seem at a glimpse that the reason for this uncanny protection from tooth decay is not genetic, but dietary.

This interesting article also points out that the Maya living on the Yucatan peninsula also do not brush their teeth, and also have no tooth decay, but their diet is very different from that of the Inuit. The Maya eat primarily beans and corn and rice, and live off of a mostly vegetarian diet.

According to Westin A Price, a professor of dental medicine, surface decay of teeth is not the most important thing to lo for. The human body maintains a calcium to phosphorus ratio, and when that ratio is healthy, tooth decay simply does not occur. When, due to a poor diet, the calcium to phosphorous ratio is unbalanced, the teeth start to rot from the inside out.

While a drastic change in diet might be too much to swallow, a few more home cooked meals from fresh ingredients may very well keep you out from under the dentist’s drill just a little bit longer.

Recently a debate has erupted in Wichita,Kansas. The city council has decided that there should be a vote on the fluoridation of Wichita tap water, and that they have openly stated being in favor of the process, and have published a ‘fact sheet’ that states that the fluoride is good for the populace, and mentions its benefits.

This of course erupted the usual age old debate that has been going on between public health officials and conspiracy theorists, about the possible side effects of drinking fluor in your daily drinking water. And hence the controversy.

Fluoridation of water has been standard practice in America since the 1970s, and nearly three quarters of American homes have fluoride in their water. The public health officials say that the amount of fluoride in the water is well below harmful levels, and the only side effect is a 38% drop in new cavity formations. Those who object would pose some questions, as to what that level is, how will this potentially harmful additive be regulated, who will do the regulating, and what sort of guarantee do we have that this substance will not be abused. These questions are valid, and many times there is no response to them, simply a dismissal of the people asking the questions as nutcases and paranoiacs.

On the other hand, the over all records for fluoridation of water have so far not shown any sort of harmful correlations whatsoever. With a record like that, it does seem to be a little superfluous to be worrying and accusing government officials of conspiring against the lives of citizens.

The problem with all of this is that people do not trust their governments, and thus any move on the part of a government will result in resentment by some of its constituents, as some of those constituents resent the government to begin with. Even if fluoride does have medical use in drinking water (which, if properly regulated, it without a doubt does), it would not matter if its use is being advocated by someone that you are sure has ulterior motives.

Sic Transit Gloria Mundi….

When making treatment plans, some dentists believe in wisdom tooth extraction as a preventative measure, some are of the ‘if it ain’t broke don’t fix it’ school. When extraction is prescribed, the first question is almost always “Why?”

Wisdom teeth are vestigial organs, organs that from an evolutionary standpoint do not make it impossible for us to survive, thus remain even though they are no longer of much use. But over the course of our evolutionary history jaws have became smaller and narrower.

Thus the third molars, or wisdom teeth, have a smaller and smaller space to erupt into, and thus can more easily become impacted.

They can grow in sideways, facing the rest of the teeth, possibly crushing your arch as they grow into them. They can partially erupt at weird angles, increasing risks of infection and causing periodontal issues. In some cases the tooth severs a flap of gum, creating a nice little pocket for bacteria and potentially becoming necrotic. Some extractions are relatively straightforward, some require an oral surgeon. Only an x-ray will tell what the next best step may be.

If your third molars erupt normally, consider yourself lucky. If not, it’s worth having a conversation with your dentist to see if extraction might be a wise step for you. Worth noting – studies show that extractions done when younger hurt significantly less and carry fewer risks.

Clinical trials in Australia are underway for a substance that even your grandmother knew was the key to a long and healthy life: that’s right, fish oils. Usually known as the nasty cod liver oil administered to sick children by old-fashioned grandparents, fish oils may be a breakthrough in periodontal medicine.

A recent study done in South Australia suggests that taking a combination of fish oils and aspirin can be an “adjunct treatment” for periodontitis. It is known that the OMega-3 fatty acid chains in fish oils are extremely healthy, and oral surgeons are now stipulating that they may be increasingly helpful in fighting gum disease.

This is only a preliminary study, however, and nothing too far reaching can be concluded. The study has so far evaluated 8 patients who consume the oils on a regular basis, but all of them have shown faster healing times and greater resistance to periodontitis. Further studies with a larger number of patients and a support group need to be made in order to evaluate just how effective these methods really are. The gathering of evidence is well underway, however, and it would not be surprising if pretty soon studies involving this dubious fishy substance will soon be available.

The development of lasers for all purposes had a big heyday in the late 80’s early 90’s. So what happened? For a while everybody was expecting that surgery was going to be performed with lasers exclusively by 2012. So what happened? The FDA approved of the medical use of lasers in 1997. So what happened?

Apparently people have just been afraid. The only form of laser surgery to penetrate the market has been Lasik brand eye surgeries. Conversely, a chronically underused appliance in dentistry is OptiDent. This laser is a very sensitive beam that is used for calculating mineral deposits, or the lack thereof, and is used to find pre-carries on the surface of teeth and stop them from developing into full-blown cavities. Aside from this, no laser technique has ever received the ADA approval as safe for use in dentistry. However some dentists, interviewed briefly in this article, have claimed that the ADA has been too cautious in their approval choices.

There are many benefits to using lasers instead of drills. Shallow cavities can be cleaned in a much shorter amount of time, without the noise and discomfort of a drill. Frequently no anaesthetic needs to be used, as there are no vibrations that might shock the nerve, and because the laser does not penetrate deep enough to be felt. They are also clean, need no sanitation, instantly cauterize wounds, and can cut quicker and of course, are entirely painless.

Robert Pick is an oral surgeon and the author of the new bo “Lasers in Oral Surgery”. He has been using these appliances experimentally for years. He claims that lasers have the above-mentioned advantages, and could become particularly handy in oral surgery. As blood can get in the way of seeing what you are doing, an instantly cauterized wound is an obvious asset to getting through the procedure quickly and more effectively. There is also no pain and no swelling involved with using dental lasers.

The main drawback? The cost is first and foremost, with lasers costing many times that of drills (drills cost around 600 dollars, while a laser costs between 25 and 45 thousand dollars). Lasers also cannot do a lot of the work that other tools can. Replacing an old filling for example, is impossible with a laser. Tooth preparations are also mentioned as being impossible to complete with a laser, and large cavities also cannot be treated. A dentist is quoted as saying he does not like lasers because there is no touch, a sensation vital to many dentists.

I guess this means that lasers perhaps are not the way to go at all? Perhaps lasers need the same revolution that many other products have had, and need to become cheaper and more accessible, and that way can be a tool, if not the only tool, in oral surgery.

The technique of using  a centrifuge to extract blood plasma has been around for several decades. Usually, blood plasma is very useful for patients suffering from leukemia and other blood-borne illnesses, and can be used for blood transfusions. It has been used in sports medicine as well, to cure such ailments as tennis elbow.

In this article, a study that has recently been made regarding the uses of blood plasma in oral surgery to speed up healing times is considered in depth. A lot of interesting information is revealed about this process – first and foremost that it is still in the experimental phases. PRP is the abbreviation for Platelet Rich Plasma. This is blood plasma that happens to be full of platelets. But before I explain all of that. let me answer a question that many of you are thinking right now; what is blood plasma anyway?

Blood plasma is a straw colored fluid that makes up 55% of your blood. It is overwhelmingly made up of water, and a mixture of proteins and vital minerals. Blood plasma is essentially a reserve, with materials you may need when you have to exert yourself. Sugars such as glucose are also present in large quantities, as well as platelets. Platelets are what helps blood clot and is the enzyme necessary for bleeding to stop.

By centrifuging the plasma from blood, the dentist will get the PRP needed for the treatment. When oral surgery is performed, be it extraction or a dental implantation, or a bone graft or any other treatment that requires stitching and a healing time, at the end of the treatment a few drops of this PRP will be injected into and around the procedure site, which will lead to a much faster healing time. It also is linked to experiencing less pain during the healing process, which is some mind boggling information! In the study Dr Magid, the oral surgeon, also added some bone fragments into the mix, which fused remarkably quickly with the natural bone. The downside of the procedure is that it requires frequent check ups during your healing time, which means many short trips to the dentist. Overall it is good to see an old technique being freshly applied to the field of oral surgery, and hopefully this will become a standard procedure soon.

A highly popularized lawsuit is currently taking place in Chula Vista, California. The unfortunate incident involves an alleged rape that happened after a patient underwent oral surgery. The victim’s then fiancee is accused. He drove her home after the surgery and, while she was still semi-conscious from the medication, had sex with her and to photographs of her in the nude. He claims that she had consented but could not remember because she was under the effect of drugs.

The heinous nature of the alleged crime and the vulnerability that one feels upon hearing of someone being sexually molested while under the effect of drugs taken to perform a potentially life saving surgery is rousing interest in the case. Consent is something that can very easily cloud the issue, particularly when involving an intimate partner or close relation. So the trial is understandably on a lot of people’s minds. It is also interesting for people as the perpetrator is a firefighter, a person regarded as a hero for most Americans, particularly after the events of September 11th.

Medication, particularly strong painkillers and sedatives, or the gas often used for oral surgery, does leave you vulnerable. It is important to make sure that you are in a safe and caring environment after surgery, as you will be woozy; should a secondary dose have been required the lingering effect can leave you semi-conscious. It is wise to understand the condition you will be in, that you will not be able to take care of yourself, so you can arrange for family members to help you home.

Dangerous situations are not always preventable, but it’s comforting to know that the shocked sensation generated by this case is a strong indication that anaesthesia related abuse is extremely uncommon.




Sweet chocolate, sour apples, ice-cold drinks and hot food can all cause intense and agonising pain. Do you know the feeling? You are not alone. Around twenty percent of all adults experience this regularly. The good news is, something can be done to relieve your suffering.

If you suffer from oversensitive teeth, ask your dentist about GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel. By creating a protective seal over the neck of your tooth, GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel can help you enjoy months of pain-free eating and drinking. The biggest  advantages:

• GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel starts working immediately after application.

• Once applied, GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel can provide you with many months of pain-free eating and drinking.

The problem: exposed dentine

Dental enamel covers the tooth crown and is the hardest part of the tooth; in fact it is the hardest substance in your whole body. Beneath this enamel is dentine, which makes up the largest part of the human tooth. Dentine is less hard and therefore also more permeable than enamel. Periodontitis can cause gingival recession and the exposed tooth necks with the unprotected dentine cause you to suffer from pain. The dentine is crossed by many microscopic canals which connect the dentine with the tooth nerve. If dentine is exposed, these dentine canals are open to the mouth cavity and oversensitive tooth necks may result.

Why is dentine exposed?

There are many causes of exposed dentine which, in turn, can lead to oversensitive teeth:

Periodontitis – when gums are infected by bacteria in the periodontal pocket; periodontal treatment can also cause oversensitive teeth – due to receding gums which are exposing dentine.

Misuse of alcohol or tobacco can result in poor blood flow and inadequate immune defence, leading to diminution of the gums.Natural abrasion and wear – loss of dental enamel is part of the natural aging process; plus, excessive tooth brushing and heavy horizontal movements can lead to oversensitive teeth as the enamel can be brushed away.

“Grinding” or poor dental alignment can also cause shrinking of the gums and breaking off enamel at the tooth neck leaving dentine exposed. Wedge-shaped tooth defects of various origins may expose the dentine.

For those affected, there is effective help: sealing your sensitive tooth necks with GLUMA®

Desensitizer PowerGel.

GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel seals the dentine canals which lead to the tooth nerve, preventing unpleasant stimuli from being able to penetrate inside the tooth – with immediate effect!

GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel is easy for your dentist to apply and can effectively reduce this sensitive pain – for many months at a time! Extra tip: preventive measures can further protect you from sensitive tooth necks. Use toothpaste for sensitive teeth, which adds a fluoride covering to the dentine.

Use a soft toothbrush which has bristles that do not irritate the sensitive tooth necks. Apply only gentle pressure when brushing your teeth and avoid excessive horizontal movements.

Ask your dentist today about treatment with GLUMA® Desensitizer PowerGel

A sensational new study was done with the specific enquiry as to whether or not being more fit can cause you to respond better to periodontal diseases.

The study was done by Case Western University School Of Dental Medicine, and the findings are quite interesting.

In the study, 31 obese individuals who have recently had removal of abdominal fat cells coupled with a gastric bypass surgery were compared with a study group of the same caliber, but without any sort of bypass or removal surgeries. The experiment dealt with patients recovering from or just undergoing treatments for periodontal diseases. The patients in the study group had a BMI (body mass index) of 35 on average, with a maximum of 39 BMI. The control group was a bit thinner but still hit the 35 BMI average, well over the clinical obesity line.

Researchers found that the study group responded much better to treatment and had quicker healing times than the control group. This means that perhaps having a reduction in fat cells is somehow linked to the body’s ability to heal itself?

Perhaps it is not so simple. The study shows that individuals who have undergone gastric bypass surgeries have had a massive reduction of glucose and blood sugar levels. Aside from reducing the possibility of diabetes and other insulin based deficiencies, the body is stressed less, and thus can heal after a periodontal surgery better. The inverse, as noted by Nabil Bissada, who holds a chair at the periodontal research facility at Case Western, is most certainly true. A buildup of bacteria under the gum erodes tissue and causes gum disease, tooth loss and a host of other oral damage, but can also tax the immune system to the point where fevers and other sorts of ailments become much more common, and other diseases also can work much more effectively, being less hindered by the body’s natural immune responses.

Right now there are two competing theories which try to make sense of the study. One is that these results are from reduction of cytokene, which is produced by fat cells. The other is one regarding glucose. Only further study will provide a definitive answer.




There are several types of ways to clean your removable dentures. Manually removing food detritus and bits and pieces of food which get stuck in the crowns can help prevent periodontal disease and a bad smelling breath. But bacteria that can cause problems can reside in just the biofilm (the mucus-like spit) covering the dentures and gums underneath. This is why denture cleansers are so handy.

There are gels, capsules, and solutions that you can soak your dentures in to get them clean, but our favorite happens to be the capsules. Just dissolve the capsule in water, soak your dentures, rinse, and you are ready to go again. Gels can cake and become nasty, and solutions can evaporate or be diluted too much or too little. But capsules such as Renew or Polident are simple enough.

Throw them in the water with your dentures and leave them in overnight. Simple as that, no room for error.

A great alternative to tooth whitening treatments involving strips or a whitening pen is the use of whitening toothpastes. They use the same types of chemicals that whiten teeth, but in much smaller doses, thus minimizing possible side effects of daily use. Colgate has a number of these, the newest being the Optic White series. These toothpastes are supposed to guarantee whiter teeth after just a week of regular use.

Whitening toothpastes do work but the process is gradual, so you will not see a sudden change in your smile but your teeth will become two shades lighter over time. The upside is that this whiter smile will stay, as you will be reapplying the whitening material twice a day.

The American Dental Association has issued a 2012 decree stating that American dentists can now expect a call for equipment inspection twice a year. Conveniently located to be at the start and at the finish of daylight savings time, the decree is first and foremost a safety regulation.

Dentists do not check their equipment often enough, according to Dr Michael D. Edwards, who is the spokesperson for this new campaign and chair of the ADA Council on Dental Education and Licensure Committee on Anesthesiology and CDEL’s Ad Hoc Committee on a Safety Awareness Campaign. Most of these items have no expiry date, there is no set time to get a new hand device, so the way that many dentists realize that the device is no longer functional is when they want to work with it and it will not work. This can cause disruption of working schedules, which are difficult enough with dentists as it is, not to mention that money and time can be lost in the process, and patients can lose faith in their dentist if they are delayed or God forbid damaged by faulty equipment. And as dentists are aware, once faith has been lost it is neigh impossible to restore.

To avoid such uncomfortable situations and prod dentists to adequately check all of their equipment is the aim of this new decree. Dr Edwards says: “Therefore, it may go unnoticed until a failure occurs. Instead of going through breakdowns in practice that cost dollars and time, the ADA Safety Awareness Campaign will give dentists an opportunity to inspect and take action on needed items that may not be routinely checked during maintenance.”

The question is, will the EU and the UK follow suit? Will standards shift so that these equipment inspection checks become regular? One can only guess, but it seems that no one in the European media is looking at this possibility. Perhaps the trend will catch on, after all, the decree does sound like a good idea. Only time will tell.

The S Bite is a soft, porous covering placed over the bite block of dental x-ray machines. It is more comfortable to bite on than just the bite block, and patients move around less thus resulting in better quality  dental x-rays.

The S Bite is made of rubber silicone, and is quite soft to the touch, but durable enough that when bit upon, the underlying bite block cannot be felt at all. The S bite is easy to clean and comes in one color, light blue. S Bite is a product of the Benco company.

As dental implantation can be considered a routine oral surgery, it has an extremely high rate of success, around 75%, but the human mind is such that it is curious. This is why you can get so many hits on Google if you type in “dental implant failure”, even though the surgery is almost on the level of safety and success rates as appendectomies. It is understandable, as dental implantology is still relatively new, and is more complicated than just simply getting an infected organ removed.

Naturally, one also likes to lo out for oneself, and if someone is planning to get dental implant treatment done, it is better to be able to identify the possible problems as they occur. So here is a short list to help you do just that, and to make you a little more aware of what to lo for in case something goes wrong.

Improper positioning of the dental implant:

What it is: In order to not be damaged by the occlusal forces of biting and chewing, and to not damage the surrounding periodontal tissue through movement or placing pressure on nerves or tissue in the surrounding area, a dental implant needs to be positioned correctly. If this does not occur, and the implant is placed in an inadequate angle, than the dental implantation process might damage the surrounding teeth. Even if not so extreme as to do outright damage, if there is just a slight tilt towards the neighboring teeth, the cumulative damage can become quite extensive over time. An implant can also start to become wobbly, or even worse, painful if placed at an incorrect angle, or at an incorrect depth.

What to lo for: First of all, the dental implant should not move at all, in any direction. Even if a slight movement can be detected, contact your dentist immediately. If any numbness is felt after the anaesthetic has worn off, contact your dentist immediately. Feeling pain is not necessarily a sign that anything is wrong, as every patient’s tolerance for pain is different, and what may be acceptable levels by clinical standards may be intolerable on a personal level. Soreness of the jaw and the ligaments in the jaw can be expected of course, and pain medication is usually prescribed. However, if the pain does not subside gradually, or if it intensifies at all after the anaesthetic has worn off, you should contact your dentist.

Bone Quality Issues:

What it is: Sometimes an x-ray can come back and seem to reveal bone growth that is well suitable for the housing of a dental implant, when in reality, there may still be a problem. The issue is that x-rays are good for measuring bone density, but do not reveal anything about the brittleness or quality of the bone in general.

What to lo for: If the jawbone is not healing properly over time, and the dental implant feels like it is not housed, or encased in bone matter appropriately. Usually, if the bone matter was not diagnosed as being too weak to house the dental implant, this will become apparent during the implantation process.


Much rarer than would be expected, incompetence of the clinical staff can also be the cause of dental implant failure. This should become apparent immediately, but at least within a few days.

As with all sorts of surgery, dental implantation also has some side effects to keep in mind. Some of them are acceptable and sadly as yet a possible side effect that needs to be dealt with. Others are a sign of something gone amiss, or possibly of medical neglect. This article deals with the different side effects that can be expected, and I would just like to give a quick overview of what can be expected after surgery, and what are some signs of complications.

Dental implant side-effect – Swelling

Almost all oral surgery makes the gums swell up. This is a part of the natural defence of the mouth, to swell up it’s soft tissues. Extensive swelling is considered any sort of swelling that does not subside after 2-3 days. So if the swelling has increased, or simply has not decreased within 72 hours, than we are looking at a problem, and is very likely a sign of the soft tissues fighting off a foreign organism or an infection.

Dental implant side-effect – Pain

A certain amount of pain and/or discomfort will be felt. This is quite natural, as your jaw bone will have screws drilled into it, and this involves pain and damage to the tissues. As all patients have a different threshold for pain, it is hard to determine just on this side effect alone if there is any problem with the dental implant, if it is a normal amount of pain, or if something is wrong. Pain killing medication is always prescribed, just in case. But if the pain does not become gradually less and less, that might be a sign of a problem, for instance, the implant can be close to a nerve, or a sensitive area that was previously infected or is for some reason just a sensitive area of the mouth. This typically may occur with implants on the upper jaw.

Dental implant side-effect – Bruising

It is quite possible that some bruising on the face may occur. This is no reason for alarm, and is quite normal. Some people bruise easier than others, typically those of us with fair skin and hair, and you may experience bruising on your face and around your mouth form the procedure. This bruising should clear up in a few days time.

Dental implant side-effect – Discharge

If any of the above symptoms are accompanied with any sort of discharge, that is a sign of an infection. Despite our best efforts, a patients oral condition may be such that a minor infection occurs, just from the bacteria living within the mouth. If the discharge accumulates and does not subside within 72 hours, a dentist should be seen immediately, and antibiotics will typically be prescribed.

Dental implant side-effect – Numbness

Minor nerves may not show up on an x-ray or a CT scan, and may be affected by the dental implantation process. This can cause numbness. Also, some patients experience a very strong reaction to the anaesthetic used in dental surgery. This may also cause numbness. At any rate, if numbness does not get better or completely subside within 72 hours, a new appointment should be booked to see a dentist immediately. If nerve damage is diagnosed, there are several ways to heal the problem, as long as it is minor. If the nerve has been severed, however, then there is no way to reverse the damage. Aside from this, a tingling sensation in the teeth, gums and lips can also be a sign that nerves are affected, and this is almost always a temporary state which reverses itself once the nerves get used to the dental implant being present.  

As earlier discussed, the internet is rife with semi-helpful medical (mis)information, portrayed in an alarmist fashion with the possible purpose of selling a product, or just plain, old fashioned fear mongering. This makes it hard to determine what is true and what isn’t, and sometimes you need to do quite a lot of digging about to find sources that can scientifically confirm or dismiss the info you have been given. There are certain issues, like the issue of implant rejection, which do not, however, seem easy to clarify.

In a previous article, it appeared clear that the reason for such mystery around dental implant rejection, aside from the nomenclature issue, is that we do not understand the precise medical reasons for why the body accepts titanium, the question at the heart of why certain implants fail when at first they seemed to be perfectly well adjusted.

One condition that can be seen as dental implant rejection is known as peri-implantitis. This is an inflammation that affects the soft and hard tissues, both the bone and alveolar tissue that surround the dental implant, thus causing the dental implant to become unstable. This is frequently paired with issues like bone density loss around the actual implant, and the reduction of mucosa around the tissues. This condition is nothing new, since dental implants work the same way (almost) as natural teeth, the tissue surrounding the implant can be infected in just the same way if oral hygiene is neglected. This article, from the prestigious IBMC, explains how and how often in detail. The name is key in this, as perio means surrounding and implant means (duh) implant, and the -itis suffix being disease or malfunction of something. This means that peri-implantitis is the the disease of the tissues surrounding the implant, and it can have a variety of causes, often simply poor dental hygiene. Bacteria and detritus get between the implant and the gums and are not expelled by the body, causing an infection around the dental implant. We do know that smoking and drinking alcohol are factors in the development of this disease, and people engaging in said activities can be said to be high risk. In cases of peri-implantitis, the dental implant needs to be removed as soon as possible, so that the periodontal disease can be cured. Afterwards, implantation is usually not repeated, as there is no guarantee that the same issue will not recur.

Although lifestyle choices are a factor, science has not yet clarified how much of one. As of now, peri-implantitis is considered a form of dental implant rejection. After all, the implant fails. But though nomenclature would regard this as dental implant rejection, it seems too soon to say for sure, as lung failure caused by smoking would certainly not be considered transplant rejection. In this complicated issue, at least this much is clear.


The internet is usually rife with medical problems and unknown ailments. There are a lot of articles dealing with medical issues in an alarmist way, and it is often hard to differentiate between medical truths and scare tactics for some ill advised marketing scheme. Usually it is enough to just lo at what sort of scientific evidence supports the claims being made, and who gives the funding for the website. Certain issues, however, are just not clear. One of these issues is the existence of implant rejection.

Many dentists state that there is no such thing as dental implant rejection, it is simply impossible, as the body does not reject titanium. Seeing as the tissue surrounding and binding the implant is your own, there is not even the sort of rejection that occurs with heart and other organ transplants, as the dental implant is not a biological compound. This is logical, and makes perfect sense. However, it is not entirely true. This article, for example mentions the symptoms of what they call implant rejection. They mention redness and swelling of the gum around the implant, and bone loss which results in the implant beginning to move. Thus, the body tries to remove the dental implant. Wikipedia also confirms this as something known to happen. So who to believe?

As frequently is the case with scientific arguments, the answer is confusing: they are both right. The issue is rooted in the fact that we do not understand why the body does not recognize titanium as a foreign object. In 5% of the cases where implants fail the reason is completely unknown. Unlike organ transplant rejection, implant rejection is more similar to the body’s reaction to a foreign object (like a splinter or shrapnel) although the symptoms appear to be different. So the issue is largely an issue with nomenclature. But this does not mean that the threats are not real, as dental implants can fail where initially they seemed to be good, and none of the known factors – i.e. bone density, mucosa, and periodontal health – seem to suggest the possibility of a problem. The only solace that can be given in these times is that implant rejection, for lack of a better term, happens early on, and your implant will fail before your healing screw is placed in.

The most asked question about dental implants, besides the obvious enquiry of price, is how long the treatment will take to complete. It may be annoying to patients, but in order to give a satisfactory answer, we need to lo at your general oral health. In other words; it’s complicated.

The reason for this complication is because of dental implant complications. Let’s take the first phase of dental implantation, the actual dental implant surgery. Once it is done, there is a healing time necessary for the jawbone to accept and integrate the dental implant into the jawbone, before it can be used for chewing and before it can handle occlusal forces. Right there the problem comes up, how long is the healing time?

There is no arbitrary answer. Some people heal after just two months, others take six months to heal. A slower healing time is indeed a dental implant complication. The question also arises, does the patient have enough bone material to house an implant at all? If not, a bone graft is necessary, which has a six to eight month healing time as well. The bone graft may need to be redone, as some unfortunate people simply do not integrate the bone graft material. This is a worst case scenario, however, and happens very rarely.

If you have bone degenerative diseases, it may also be the case that the healing period does not provide healing. It may be the case that while your implant is integrating, your jaw bone thins out around the implant, and the area becomes unstable. In these cases a bone graft is necessary, and the implantation needs to be done.

It may also be the case that the dental implant fails to integrate, this is almost always because of some infection in the patients mouth. The overwhelming majority of the times, this is due to the patient arriving with poor oral conditions, and there is some sort of bacteria living in the mouth that infects the implantation site. It may also be due to the dental implant not being sterile. In this case the dental practice is at fault, and you can press charges and/or demand a refund.

If the dental implant itself has problems, then those should become apparent immediately. A shoddy implant can be the cause of many dental implant problems. Usually there is a structural fault with the dental implant, which is the cause of the dental implant complication. The dental implants are manufactured in a factory, and sometimes, mistakes can occur. These are extremely rare however, and usually a dental implant will hold for a lifetime.

A beautifully written summary of the reasons for dental implant failure can be viewed at this well informed website. I am going to now list these issues thematically and provide some insight into the technical language involved.

1) Infection

As written in a previous article, one cause of tooth implant problems is infection of the tissue surrounding the dental implant. This is usually caused by insufficient oral hygiene after the dental implant has been placed in the implantation site. Improper sterilization of the dental implant prior to implantation can also be the cause of the tooth implant problem. When this issue occurs, antibiotics alone are unfortunately not the solution; the implant needs to be removed, the site cleaned manually, and a course of antibiotics needs to be taken. Prostheses attached to the implant (crowns, bridges, dentures) cannot be worn while the site is healing. After the site is healed, reimplantation can occur.

2) Structural failure of the implant

Dental implants, like any other product, do sometimes fail due to no fault of the patient. If a damaged or structurally unsound implant is given to a patient, the doctor will almost always give a new one for free via the manufacturer’s guarantee. It is advisable to get the exact details of each manufacturers guarantee on the dental implant you are getting from your dentist prior to implantation. At this point I would like to make an important note. A manufacturers guarantee is usually for 5 or 10 years, depending on the implant, but the expected longevity of the tooth implant is much, much longer than that (the mean average being around 15 years, but usually a properly cared for tooth implant will last a lifetime). The manufacturers guarantee is simply a statement that if the implant is structurally flawed, the signs should show themselves within the allotted time, at which point the implant will be recalled.

3) Bone loss

Over time, the composition of our skeletal structure changes. Bone becomes less dense and calcium is leached from the body by father time, who is kind to no one. This is especially the case for women, as the condition osteoporosis is most common is post-menopausal women. The processes of menopause and menstruation eat up a lot of calcium, which means more loss throughout one’s lifetime than for men. The same can be said for diabetics, who also experience greater bone loss and thinning of bone material.

4) Improper Placement

Tied up with the first and third points, if the dental implant is placed in an area that has become unsuitable for tooth implant retention, the implant will become loose and lose proper function. A dental implant that fails to fuse to the bone material around it will also cause the same issue. This can be due to hypersensitivity, which is the cause for 4% of all implant failures, so it is negligible but can occur. In these cases reimplantation is the only option, possibly coupled with a bone graft.

5) Crown Decementation

Often thought of as a failure of the dental implant, the crown can come off all on its own, even with a sound, stable implant and a good crown. Most often the issue is decementation, which means that the adhesive binding the crown to the implant gives up and the crown falls off. This can be corrected with an over the counter dental adhesive, and can be recemented at home, although we do recommend getting the implant checked with a dentist, as if the problem is due to the implant then the recementation will be useless. If the crown is faulty, a new one needs to be made. Please note that crowns have shorter lives than tooth implants.

Other issues may also arise, but these should cover the basics for the time being.  




Although dental implantation is secured in the realm of safe and routine surgeries, sometimes things can go wrong. Aside from foreseeable problems with oral health and bone density issues, covered in our dental implant rejection article, one of the most common things to happen is an infection occurring in the implantation site or in the tissue surrounding the implant. This can be due to oral hygiene issues of the patient, can be caused by improperly sterilized implants, and a host of other possibilities as well.

Most often, the issue that causes the infection is bacteria in the implantation site, taking hold and starting to grow, causing pain, swelling and ultimately implant failure. Usually this happen immediately, or within the healing time of the implant in question. If infection does occur, usually the site will need to be reimplanted. This means the implant is uncovered, taken out, and the site of the area will need to be cleaned. Currently it seems like antibiotics are not an option for curing this type of  infection, so cleaning needs to be done manually, or sometimes even surgically if too much of the tissue is infected.

The infection usually occurs right after implantation; sadly, however, it can occur at any time. The gum and periodontal tissue around the implant can become lax or can suffer injury, leaving some space between the implant and the periodontal tissue. It does not need to be visible, as bacteria are microscopic; the smallest fissure can be enough for bacteria to start breeding. This is increasingly troublesome if you already have dental work on the implant, a crown or a bridge or God forbid an overdenture. It means that all of your dental work that is on the infected implant site needs to be removed, the implant needs to be removed, the infection needs to be cured, a course of antibiotics needs to be taken, only then can reimplantation occur, after which the dental prostheses can be reattached to the implant. Worst of all, no denture can be worn while the site is healing, as taxing the implantation site will cause further infection. The time frame involved depends on the severity of the infection, but a three week minimum to a 4-5 month maximum can be expected, with severe cases sometimes needing even longer to fully heal before the original dental work can be reinstated.   

The only way to prevent such things from happening is to be meticulous about at home dental care, and flossing often in order to prevent calculus from accumulating. It is also essential to see a dentist every six months for a checkup, and having hygiene sessions carried out by a trained medical professional as often as needed, as only at home dental care is not a guarantee against infections. Patients with dental prostheses and implants need to be extra careful, and the check ups are absolutely obligatory. As these infections also cause implant rejection, the longevity of the dental implants and the implantation sites are jeopardized by insufficient oral hygiene, so these infections, aside from being painful and causing the removal of dental work, are also quite costly.

A recent study by King’s College was done about people who suffered some sort of nerve damage after implantation. This is a very important study, and one that can be quoted as the beginning of a new era. It deals with how and why patients get nerve damage from dental implants, and how often this happens. This is important, given the increasing popularity of dental implants.

It turns out that around 1% of patients involved in dental implant treatments suffer some sort of nerve damage, and a certain, undisclosed percentage will either have to be reimplanted or may have to go to a nerve specialist in a clinic. There are roughly 10, 000 lower jaw implantations in the United Kingdom alone. The nerve damage affected patients ability to speak, eat, and kiss, and half of the affected patients mentioned being in constant pain, and some complained of losing feeling altogether. With nerve damage, very few patients can actually be helped once the damage is done, in this case, only 3 cases were caught in a timely manner and corrected, which amounts to about 10% of those in the study.

This is some serious business at first look. How do we interpret this? One in one hundred patients will have some sort of nerve damage, of which one in ten can be healed? That seems like some bad odds, when in reality, 1% puts dental implants well in the realm of routine surgeries, the safest of the safe, somewhere in the same category as tonsil removals and appendectomies.

The fact is that medical science, and dentistry is a part of that discipline, is not an exact science in the same way physics or chemistry is. Each person is different, may react differently to different stimulus, and as such cannot be thought of in the same way that hydrogen atoms can, not to mention that despite our awesome technological and scientific advances, we still know a lot less about the human body than we are willing to admit. This means that a certain percentage of that 1% simply cannot be evaded. The human body is such a complex, interconnected system that to know what a surgical procedure, ANY surgical procedure will do in advance is nearly impossible. This is why dentists and indeed all medical professionals make the patients sign consent forms. These forms are treated as necessary paperwork, when in reality they are very important for the patients, and if you read anything that you are not ready for, or that you are not comfortable with, ask your dentist. If you hear a bogus answer or something upsetting, it’s absolutely  to leave.

This being said, the most important factor involved in outcome is the pre and postoperative care received by the patients. This is mostly dictated by the actual practice where the operation takes place, and by the dentist who is performing the surgery. Always make sure your dentist is qualified and registered by the ruling body of the profession they practice in. In the case of British dentists, this would be the GDC.

The most important thing to learn from studies such as this is how to ask the right questions. Permanent nerve damage could have been avoided in many of the referenced cases had proper post-operative care been received. Knowing that this is a minor but possible risk, finding a dental professional aware and able to deal effectively in the unlikely event of a problem can greatly increase your own peace of mind.

With several hundreds of different types of dental implants on the market, it can get confusing to figure out which one may be the best for you. There are ones with different lengths and widths, not to mention tapering or threading, there are some that can be instantly loaded and put into use while others need time to integrate into the bone, and a myriad of other choices that can confuse the patient intensely. I am going to try to disambiguate just one of these issues, one that has been receiving a lot of attention as of late – implant surfaces. Do know that this article is no substitute for a consultation with your dentist, and when you make decisions about your health without the expert advice of a trained medical professional you are taking a risk. With that being said, I hope this article helps clear up some of the haze around this potentially important issue.

Dental implants can be coated with a variety of things and for a variety of reasons. Usually implants are coated to ensure osseo-integration. Osseointegration is the process by which the dental implant becomes integrated into the jawbone, literally fuses with the bone. There are some coatings, like Ca45, which integrate more readily into bone than titanium alone. Sometimes, an extra coating of titanium is applied to make sure that the dental implant fits better into the socket. Sometimes the surface is coated with nanoparticles, also with the aim of quicker recovery. In the beginning of the life of this technology, only titanium plasma and a substance called HA were used to coat implants. It was believed that as titanium plasma spray made the implant bigger, but also the surface area softer, as plasma is softer than hard titanium. It turns out that since more pressure is applied with bigger volume, if the dentist is not careful he could cause necrosis of the bone tissue.  Nowadays there are materials that release Calcium ions that literally help bone growth, so a lot has changed.

Whether an implant is coated or is surface treated is also an important distinction. Nowadays, the trend is moving away from coating the implant with materials, and more towards treating the surface in a way to accelerate bone development or integration. There are porous surfaces that allow bone to growth through the actual implant, which leads to marvelous initial stability and is arguably the best solution for a single implant. However this takes time, and these implants can never be loaded immediately, so these are not a quick fix. You also hear about acid treated dental implants. These also have a rough edge, because of micro corrosion, but do not have an edge so rough that you can actually feel it, but integration is much quicker. A smooth surface is unnatural to the body, and is attacked by our immune system much more vigorously, but an edge that can be grown into is much more likely to be integrated quickly.

The last thing to take into account is the natural bone. Different methods work better for different kinds of bone. Harder bones for instance have much less cell migration, so surface treated dental implants may just be a waste of money, as their osseointegrating qualities may not even be used at all. Cells do migrate in hard bone matter, but not that much. So if the implant is firmly planted in the softer bone tissue of the alveolar bone, than a coated implant is unnecessary. However, if alveolar tissue is weak,or if your bone material is not very dense or is in poor condition, it is very much indeed recommended that you get a coated or surface treated dental implant.

So for the usual suspects, the coating is not an issue, and non coated implants are the norm. Surface treated ones can do no harm, but can be more expensive to little avail if the alveolar tissue is strong and the bone is sufficiently dense.

A woman’s body undergoes a lot of changes during pregnancy. Aside from having to take in more nutrients, both for the developing fetus and the mother, and aside from having to eat nutrients one does not normally eat (like folic acid, for example), the body also undergoes a lot of changes. The stress of carrying a child to full term is quite extensive physically speaking, and may deplete nutrients and minerals from our body that we might not even know about. Top this off with the fact that changes in the body occur rapidly, and it will become understandable why so many women have a whole host of questions about what medical conditions are “normal” and which are signs of something going awry.

There is also the issue of what procedures to get or to avoid so as to not damage the fetus or the mother. Dental implantation, a form of invasive surgery, always raises doubts in expecting mother’s minds. I want to take a little time to clear up some of the myths floating around on the internet, and clear up as much as I can regarding dental implantation while pregnant.

First of all, many people express concern about the anaesthetic, and whether or not the child will experience any discomfort, or negative effect from receiving it through the umbilical cord. Most dental practices have anaesthetic that is safe and will not be imbibed by the fetus, or if imbibed, will not cause any effect whatsoever. Make sure to mention that you are pregnant if booking over the phone or via e-mail, and the staff there should know what to administer. Another concern is having an x-ray taken. This is a legitimate concern, as x-rays do produce minimal amounts of gamma radiation, to which the fetus is particularly susceptible. However, the amount should not cause any problems to the fetus, and if the x-ray is necessary, it is probably advisable to have it done.

As for the actual surgery, that is a little bit more complicated. Many dentists suggest that it is not suitable to undergo any but life saving surgeries, as the stress of an invasive surgery can cause all sorts of things to go wrong, as this is the time when the organs are being formed, and invasive surgery causes extra stress on the mother’s system, which can have unknown and unknowable consequences. As dental implants are not usually life saving, dentists suggest getting it done in the second or third trimester. Almost all dentists suggest consulting with your gynecologist or obstetrician first, as they will know more about the baby and the health of the mother and the fetus, and the specific, intricate details about the pregnancy. Most dentists and indeed most medical personnel would advise against getting elective surgeries of any kind done during the first trimester, and some say, wait until a few months after delivery to replace that tooth.

An abscessed tooth, or a tooth that needs extracting should be extracted, as constantly fighting off a disease is not only painful, but can unnecessarily tax an already burdened immune system, and this can have negative outcomes. It is also interesting to note that gingivitis occurs in almost 30% of pregnant women, not to mention the usual bleeding of the gums. Another interesting thing that about one third of pregnant ladies will experience is a tiny tumor on the gums, which can be red or purple in color. These disappear a few months after delivery, and are a quite normal part of pregnancy. They can be removed if they are painful (i.e: close to or pressing on a nerve),. if they bleed excessively, or if they are preventing the patient from eating. These tumors are always benign, and always disappear in time. Gingival enlargement is also normal, and should not be treated unless painful or actually preventing normal function, i.e if they are covering the teeth.

To sum it all up, the answer is that getting dental implants is not so safe in the first trimester, and getting them later on is safe, but not advisable if it can be helped, as the anaesthetics, antibiotics and the x-rays involved can tax the mother’s and the fetus’ immune system.

When looking at consent forms on the internet and in dental practices across the globe, one comes across a rather troubling observation. Almost all of them state that having diabetes is a condition that can exclude you from your guarantee. That means that the guarantees do not apply to you if you are suffering from any type of diabetes. At first glance this seems like discrimination, but it cannot be understood as such, as medical law is not the same as common law, and certain things simply cannot be done to certain people. With this being said, it is perhaps time to reconsider this maxim, and start thinking about how to actually cure the greatest percentage of people with this still relatively new medical technology.

What is the issue at hand? Is it just overcautiousness on the part of the dentist? Why diabetes? To put it bluntly, there is rationale behind the ban on diabetics from getting dental implants, as diabetes attacks the bone, and particularly its density. This disease also almost always affects the patient’s mouth and gingival tissue, which does not make things any easier.

The main concern dentists have is that implants will not osseointegrate, and the bone will never absorb the dental implant, and thus leave the dental implant to move around, potentially causing more damage than good. This is why the exclusion takes place. Diabetics also have more bone loss than usual, and this means that the desired effect of the dental implant surgery may never be realized, even if the dental implant stays in place.

To be fair, these are all worse case scenarios. Diabetes is a disease that is relatively easy to live with. If a patient living with diabetes maintains good glycemic control, than bone loss will not be any more significant than for any other healthy patient. Retention of dental implants will also be just as good as for anyone else, and the healing time will be roughly the same as well. In fact, even if tooth loss has happened as a side effect of diabetes, and the patient wants an implant, that may in and of itself not be a bad idea. If the glycemic control is good, this might be just what the patient needs to help them get more and better nutrition, thus a dental implant may be just what the doctor ordered.

The question is how does a doctor know whether or not a patient’s glycemic level is good? Usually patients suffering from diabetes do not know whether or not their own glycemic activity is normal or not, so asking the patient is clearly out of the question. There are instruments which can measure the glycemic level and blood sugar levels of a patient, and as acquiring one of these is not that big of an investment, it can be questioned whether or not dentists are actually doing their utmost to serve all patients possible.

With this being said, diabetes is, and should be considered as a negative aspect when considering implant longevity, alongside such traits as smoking, alcoholism, periodontitis, and a slew of other health issues, whether self caused or otherwise. The idea is that these issues do not necessarily comprise a prohibition against getting a certain surgery, they are merely risk factors, factors to be taken into consideration and further evaluated, in light of medical knowledge on the subject. Whether or not a doctor actually takes on a patient is for the doctor to decide, ultimately, but perhaps it is time to reevaluate how we think about patients with risk factors, and start thinking about how best to provide treatment for everybody.

The most prestigious journal on cancer research, aptly named Cancer, has just published a very disturbing article. They review a large scale study (indeed, the largest of it’s kind) dealing with brain tumors and what may cause them. The number one environmental factor associated with this disease happens to be dental x-rays, specifically numerous exposures to bitewing opgs.

Meningioma, the most common type of brain tumor, occurring in 33% of patients, is the disease dealt with by this study. The study found that patients who regularly received these x-rays were 1.4-1.9 times as likely to develop these tumors. The study was done on people aged 20-79 who were suffering from this ailment, and who were compared with a study group of people who did not suffer from brain tumors. People who have had bitewing x-rays from the time they were under 10 years old were almost 5 times as likely to develop meningioma.

This study is startling for a number of reasons. First of all, it is disturbing because dental x-rays have been refined so much since their inception that many medical professionals have lulled themselves into a false sense of security, or so this study would suggest. The amount of ionizing radiation has been reduced so considerably that dentists are not sure that it can be further lowered. The second concern is that if this data is true, dentists will have to figure out some new technique to see into people’s heads, or worse, forego having x-rays and thus knowledge of how teeth interconnect and lie in the jaw itself. This does not seem likely, for even if ionizing radiation cannot be eliminated altogether the dental x-ray provides such vital information that the risk is well worth it. A surgical wisdom tooth extraction is a routine surgery nowadays, with the help of an x-ray, but just a few short decades ago this was a complication that people used to die from.

The idea is to minimize x-rays, not eliminate them. The study does mention that people who had dental x-rays more frequently than once a year were the most likely to develop these tumors. Another interesting fact to note, is that the study deals with people who developed this tragic illness between May 2006 and April 2011. These patients would be more than likely to have undergone dental x-rays in the past, where ionizing radiation was much stronger, and therefore much more of an issue. How long it takes to develop these tumors is also something that is still being worked out, adding a note of uncertainty in the diagnosis.

The study concludes that dental x-rays for healthy patients at regular intervals is not a factor, only repeated, frequent exposure to ionizing radiation of this type is what causes meningioma. This is somewhat reassuring, knowing that we will not contract meningioma when undergoing a routine, necessary examination, but the possible correlation is still somewhat startling.

According to arecent study by the Office of Fair Trading (OFT), as many as 500,000 patients may have been incorrectly told they did not qualify for NHS Dental service.

Though many participants in the survey seemed satisfied with their overall level of treatment, many opened their wallets for a treatment that should have fallen under the co-pay plan. Further surprising statistics also came to light :

  • 39% reported that NHS prices were not displayed

  • 56% reported that private charges were not displayed in practices that provide some private dental work

  • 82% of patients who received treatment which they had to pay for did not receive a written treatment plan

While OFT supplied a number of possible remedies, the NHS itself has taken what seems the most logical step – education. They appear to be attempting to put the system into layman’s terms, clearly defining what treatmentsfall into what bands of service so patients can quickly and easily see if they qualify.

With dental prices reaching into the thousands, it’s worth taking a few minutes to brush up on the rules. Or better yet, find a dentist you trust to accurately convey which of their recommended treatments qualify and how much they will cost.


When the economy slumps, smiles disappear in more ways than one. Cosmetic dentistry naturally takes a back seat to more pressing concerns. Smiles Change Lives believes a smile makes a difference, can be a reason for happiness in and of itself, and they’ve decided to do something about it. With the help of hundreds of Denver, Colorado area orthodontists, who agree that a confident smile is not just a desire but a need, children can now get the orthodontic treatment they need for next to nothing.

“We truly believe that there is nothing better than helping someone to smile with confidence. There are many children from hard working families that simply cannot afford braces. Giving someone a smile has a profound impact on their life. It opens so many doors while providing them a gift that keeps giving. The results are life changing and long lasting,” says Dr. Keith Kohrs of Kohrs Orthodontics.

“A smile may show outer beauty, but it also projects inner self-confidence and allows a child to grow in ways they will never fully understand,” says Dr. Mark Gregston of Gregston Orthodontics.

Over 1500 children have had their lives enhanced thanks to SCL, their sponsor 3M, and the plethora of dental professionals who generously donate their time and skills. It seems clear, a child’s smile is indeed contagious.

We’ve previously covered the vast array of uses for endlessly practical dental floss for teeth cleaning, but it seems a rather unexpected portion of the population has found yet another clever use for the stuff.

Just a few short months after prison inmates in New York sued over the unavailability of dental floss, two prisoners at a high-rise facility in Chicago successfully executed a daring escape using bed sheets and, you guessed it, dental floss.

In a less publicised end of the economic downturn, Birmingham dentists reveal the growing problem of infected milk teeth.

Milk teeth, the term used to describe the first set of teeth which aid the development of the jaw and facial muscles for adulthood, should start being replaced naturally by age 6 or 7. But dentists have begun to see irredeemably infected teeth in children as young as two and a half.

“It’s to do with the economy. Parents buy cheaper foods that are higher in sugar content so children have a poor diet,” says Eddie Crouch, Secretary for the Birmingham Local Dental Committee.

He believes the solution lies in taking advantage of the system. “Many parents do not take their child to the dentist until they complain about something. But it is important to regularly take them, starting from a young age. It is important to start early as many problems can be stopped before they develop.

‘‘The dentist can also motivate children to brush their teeth properly and teach them how to do so.”

Ready to fix those misaligned teeth but worried about the looks from your colleagues or peers? Consider spending a year abroad, where fake braces have become such the rage in fashion that teens and adults have jumped onto the trend.

With orthodontics prices unreachable for many, braces in countries like China, Thailand, and Indonesia have become the latest status symbol among those wishing to project an air of affluence. And because the intent is visibility, colours and styles abound – from a wide variety of vibrant blues and greens to Mickey Mouse and Hello Kitty.

The Thai government, in an effort to stem potential damage caused by often lead-based appliances inexpertly applied in beauty salons or with a diy kit, have actually banned the wearing of fake braces. But if anything this has increased their appeal.

As prices for orthodontic treatment rise in Britain, particularly for invisible treatment options, one has to wonder if or when this trend might migrate. Louis Vuitton branded braces? Saddle leather brackets with a hunter green wire? A bit of diamond, perhaps? Undoubtedly peculiar, but a potentially welcome break from the anxiety of teenagers in need of a little dental correction.

Halitosis is the scientific term for bad breath. It is not necessarily a symptom, although it can be a symptom of something else that is wrong; it is not a disease, although it can be caused by diseases. It is simply a latin name for something at least 25% of the population experiences. Classifying it is difficult, as the effects are as much cultural as they are medical – what one man may consider acceptable may be gut churning for someone else. Wikipedia sheds some light on this as well. The main causes of bad breath may not even be strictly dental, as gastrointestinal diseases may also cause this unfortunate side effect, and a host of other factors, such as hunger, may also cause bad breath.

Decaying teeth obviously have an unpleasant smell all on their own, but periodontal disease and dry mouth may also cause bad breath. Halitosis most often stems from plaque and the bacteria living in it, gum disease, or diseases of the tongue.

Luckily many home remedies are available, such as parsley or other green plants containing chlorophyll. Calendula is a good thing to gargle with, and myrrh can be used to restore your oral ph.

In an interesting article, it is revealed that many home remedies exist to battle bad breath. Avoiding dairy products, garlic, onions and other pungent foods is a good first step, as a diet of smelly foods will leave smelly breath behind. Smoking, or drinking alcohol or coffee may also cause bad breath, and these should also be enjoyed in moderation if at all. Chewing sugar free, minty gums and using mouthwash are good things to do, but they only mask halitosis. If changing your diet, using mouthwash, and maintaining good oral hygiene does not fix the problem, then it is time to book an appointment to the dentist.

This is quite normal, as a foul taste or smell is the third most popular reason for going to the dentist, right behind tooth decay and bleeding gums. If the dentist does not perceive the problem to be dental, then a trip to the gastroenterologist is in order.

Luckily many home remedies are available, such as parsley or other green plants containing chlorophyll. Calendula is a good thing to gargle with, and myrrh can be used to restore your oral ph. It is also good to carry a toothbrush with you, as some foods tend to form a slimy, bad smelling layer, or the particles may exude particularly foul smells. Thus if you brush right after eating you will remove that plaque and be left with a healthier, better smelling mouth.

A cosmetic dentist has revealed an interesting side effect of dental veneers, and also exposed one of the rare moments in medical history when a side effect is actually beneficial. 

The AACD (American Association of Cosmetic Dentists) has explicitly stated that the use of porcelain veneers, which are a thin layer of porcelain placed over your original teeth, can make your lips appear fuller and more sumptuous. This revelation came after many patients started seeking veneers who did not necessarily need them, and the patients said that the reason was the beneficial effects the treatment had on lip appearance.

An article dealing with the issue says that there has been an increase in veneer purchases by a staggering 250% over a period of just five years.

The treatment also smoothes out the wrinkles around the mouth, as the veneers pushing the mouth from the inside would make the skin tighter around the lips.

The mechanics involved are quite simple. The veneers add a few millimeters to your teeth, thus pushing your lips our ever so slightly, creating an aesthetically pleasing look of fuller, more pronounced lips. This just goes to show that dental treatments can have all sorts of previously unknown beneficial side effects. The treatment also smoothes out the wrinkles around the mouth, as the veneers pushing the mouth from the inside would make the skin tighter around the lips. This great news, as getting veneers can be an alternative to botox treatment, which can have nerve damage as a side effect, and involves getting poked with a needle, and eventually the botox is absorbed by the body, and thus needs to be repeated.

Veneers, on the other hand, are only adhered to the teeth once, and than are there for years, if properly cared for, can last a lifetime. Sounds almost too good to be true.

Are you brushing your teeth right? Did you know that developing an effective technique can help you prevent tooth decay, whereas having inadequate technique does absolutely nothing to prevent said disease from occurring?

How to brush my teeth right?

Brushing of teeth is recommended at least twice a day, but no more than four times a day by most dentists. If you brush too often you may remove enamel that is otherwise useful for your teeth to remain healthy. When brushing, you should use circular movements to remove plaque, and you should also brush your gums and tongue as well. Remember to spit often. After rinsing your mouth out, you should have another go and leave the paste in, as this will make the fluoride stick to your teeth and give it time to be absorbed. Most people finish their brushing with rinsing their mouth, which defeats the purpose of fluoride toothpaste.

The use of dental floss is pretty much mandatory, because even if plaque is disinfected, it stays between the cracks of your teeth unless removed. The use of mouthwash is also very important, as liquid can go into cracks that a brush simply cannot reach.

How much do we know about teeth brushing?

A study done in Sweden suggests that 1 in 10 people do not know how to brush their teeth correctly, they just kind of go at it for a few minutes then stop. This study was repeated a little bit later in a different part of Sweden, and the results were compared and evaluated. The outcome of the study is that people know how often to brush, but do not understand what this basic oral hygienic procedure is meant to do, or even the fundamentals of oral health and hygiene.

The study looked at the use of fluoride toothpaste as a marker of how well Swedes understand the uses of oral hygiene products, and how well they are educated about oral hygiene. Most of them did not understand the role of fluoride, or how this substance works to prevent tooth decay, and did not know the brushing techniques involved with optimizing fluoride. Most of the people who partook in the study were laboring under the misunderstanding that fluoride is used for keeping the mouth fresh.

A few interesting statistics are also brought into light. It turns out that women under 35 are the best at oral health management. It also turns out that teenagers know the least about oral hygiene. It also shows that most people, around 80%, believe they are practising oral hygiene methods correctly. This means that the marketing about oral hygiene, although omnipresent, is not doing its job, the ads are not dealing with real-life issues, and the companies in the oral health industry are perhaps operating under some fundamental misconceptions about our basic knowledge.

In May of 2011, a new and more restrictive approach was adopted by medical professionals and the courts regarding the nature of tooth whitening and how it should be classified. Until recently, you did not need to be a registered medical professional to administer tooth whitening procedures. This led to plenty of malpractice issues, and horror stories from patients of bad experiences and insufficient care, ranging from the inadequate to the just plain obscene. 

New regulations would require any and all tooth whitening procedures to be performed by a dentist, a dental assistant, or a hygienist, ie a qualified medical professional. The regulation is receiving quite a bit of heat, particularly from manufacturers and dental companies who claim that tooth whitening is not strictly speaking a dental procedure, but rather a cosmetic one. The importance in this distinction is that more people would be able to administer the treatment, including people who have a degree in cosmetics, or do not have a degree at all but are qualified to work in the beauty and cosmetics industry. The debate is of course not one that centers on patient protection, or even one that focuses on health care. This ‘debate’ is purely economic in nature; companies are afraid of losing money and want to keep their products rolling. But what should patients think about this piece of legislature? Is this new regulation done so that people can be discriminated against, is this just another overreaction of the nanny state, butting their noses into the private lives of businesses?

 Peroxide gel can cause harm if misused. Therefore it would seem rational to require some sort of expertise and liability from those who perform it.

While there is rationale behind the criticisms that the legislature and the nanny state has received over this issue, let’s not blur the lines with party politics. Tooth whitening procedures involve applying peroxide gel to teeth for a set amount of time, and this may be supplemented by a light being used to harden the gel, or to break up plaque, and this is not to be taken lightly. Peroxide gel can cause harm if misused. Therefore it would seem rational to require some sort of expertise and liability from those who perform it. If this were a purely cosmetic treatment, comparable to filing or painting nails, than the malpractice rate would be much lower.. But it is a cosmetic treatment in the dental sense, in that having whiter teeth is not necessary for better oral health. Unfortunately it can negatively affect your health, if done wrong.

The other main issue is that any and all dental problems, including cavities, root canals, gum disease, etc, would have to be treated before going through with a whitening treatment. This cannot be done by anyone but a dentist, so a person who does not even set up a diagnosis but uses tooth whitening procedures is likely to do more damage than good.

Main issue is that any and all dental problems, including cavities, root canals, gum disease, etc, would have to be treated before going through with a whitening treatment.

All this taken account I think would make a very clear case for why only professionals should administer the treatment. However, what about take home, DIY tooth whitening kits? By this rationale, does this mean they should be banned? I think not, as the peroxide gel in take home trays is much less concentrated than the chairside peroxide used in dental clinics. Also, they should be used only when a dentist gives you the go ahead, and should not just be bought and used in the same way as say, a pair of tweezers, or wax strips for hair removal. But in the end, it is different if someone buys a take home kit and inflicts damage upon themselves by accident or negligence, than if someone pays money for a service that ends up doing harm. One is just kind of dumb, but avoidable, the other is exploitative and is indeed misconduct. And misconduct is a crime.

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